Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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Judges 6 - Part 13

July 17, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 12, and today’s date is July 17, 2019. I will read Judges 6:11-16,


“And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which [was] in Ophrah, that [pertained] unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide [it] from the Midianites. {12} And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD [is] with thee, thou mighty man of valour. {13} And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where [be] all his miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites. {14} And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee? {15} And he said unto him, Oh my Lord, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family [is] poor in Manasseh, and I [am] the least in my father's house. {16} And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man.”


We left off ay verse 14 in our last study, so let’s begin by investigating the term, “looked”:


Looked [panah:H6437]


The word, “looked” in verse 14 is translated in a variety of ways, but predominantly as, “turn,” “look,” “prepare,” “regard,” and “respect,” etc., as these next references demonstrate, and denotes much more than merely observing another person:


A good example of what this word denotes is found in Leviticus 19:4 and 31, in which this term is rendered as, “turn,” and “regard,” respectively:  “Turn [panah:H6437] ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods: I [am] the LORD your God. ... {31} Regard [panah:H6437] not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I [am] the LORD your God.”


The thrust of this word is to focus one’s attention wholeheartedly on a particular object or person - and in this case - man-made false idols and gods.


Another illustration of this is Mephibosheth’s response to David’s gracious offer, as spiritually, Mephibosheth represents one of God’s elect, and David, the Lord Jesus Christ in 2 Samuel 9:6-8, in which this word is translated as, “that thou shouldest look”: 


“Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant! {7} And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually. {8} And he bowed himself, and said, What [is] thy servant, that thou shouldest look [panah:H6437]  upon such a dead dog as I [am]?”


Mephibosheth was physically “lame,” because his nurse dropped him as a baby in a crisis situation, but spiritually being “lame” is the Bible is indicative of sin, which all human being are plagued with from conception. Thus David’s kindness toward him illustrates God’s kindness to His elect in saving them, during the day of salvation:  


I Kings 13:23 also makes this affirmation:“And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect [panah:H6437]  unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.”


Lastly, Malachi 3:1 points to the ministry of John the Baptist “in preparing the way” for the Messiah: “Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare [panah:H6437] the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.”


Go [yalak:H3212] In This Thy Might [koach:H3581]


Next we find “the angel of the LORD” telling Gideon: “Go in this thy might” which is comprised of two Hebrew words, and found only in a handful of passages, and we’ll take a look at two them in particular:


1 Kings 19:8 recounts what Elijah did by God’s enabling: “And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.”


Isaiah 40:31 make this encouraging proclamation:  “But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew [their] strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; [and] they shall walk, and not faint.”


Certainly, whatever “strength” that Gideon world posses was undoubtedly given to him by God, for the precise task that God had assigned to him. The “meat” that sustained Elijah typifies the spiritual nourishment found in the Word of God.


And Thou Shalt Save [yasha`:H3467] Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] From The Hand [kaph:H3709] Of The Midianites [Midyan:H4080] Have Not I Sent  Thee


The next two phrases and the last word in verse 14, “...and thou shalt save Israel from the hands of the Midianites” and “...have not I sent thee?” we have already discussed in this chapter or in the previous ones, so let’s continue on to verse 15, 


Verse 15: “And he said unto him, Oh my Lord, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family [is] poor in Manasseh, and I [am] the least in my father's house.


Once again, we have already considered the words in the first part of this verse, with the exception of the term, “wherewith,” so let’s see how God employs this expression:


Wherewith [mah:H4100] 


This term is an interrogative pronoun that is found 27 times, as “what,” “why,” “how,” “whereby,” etc., as the following references maintain:


Early on in Genesis  4:10, God adopts the word, “what” when confronting Cain about murdering Abel:  “And he said, What [mah:H4100] hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.”


In verse 8 of Genesis 15:1-8, on the other hand, Abraham poses this question to God, in which this term is rendered as “whereby”: “After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I [am] thy shield, [and] thy exceeding great reward. {2} And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house [is] this Eliezer of Damascus? {3} And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. {4} And, behold, the word of the LORD [came] unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir. {5} And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. {6} And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. {7} And he said unto him, I [am] the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it. {8} And he said, Lord GOD, whereby [mah:H4100] shall I know that I shall inherit it?”


In Genesis 18:13 this expression is rendered as, “wherefore”: “And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore [mah:H4100] did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?”


And Proverbs 9:13 translates it as “nothing”: “A foolish woman [is] clamorous: [she is] simple, and knoweth nothing.” [mah:H4100]


In Isaiah 1:11, it appears as, “To what”: To what [mah:H4100] purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.”


Then in Amos 5:18, it surfaces as, “to what end,” chracterizing the essential nature of our present day of judgment: “Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end [mah:H4100] [is] it for you? the day of the LORD [is] darkness, and not light.”


Lastly, in Malachi 2:14, it crops up as “wherefore”: “Yet ye say, Wherefore? [mah:H4100] Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet [is] she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant.”


Now we want to concentrate on the second half of verse 15, beginning with the phrase,


Behold My Family [’eleph:H502] [’eleph:H502] Is Poor [dal:H1800] In Manasseh [Menashsheh:H4519]


These three words only appear together in this verse, so we will have to examine them separately:


Behold My Family [’eleph:H504] [’eleph:H505] 


Curiously, the term for “behold my family” is a doubling of the identical word, 

“ ’eleph,” (H504) and “ ’eleph,”(H505).  H504 is only translated here as “family” everywhere else it is rendered as “oxen” or “kine.” It stems from H502, which is only found four times, as “teach,” “learn,” or “utter.”  H505, on the other hand, although it is spelled the same as H504, is the number “one thousand”  or a derivative, such as “1200” or “1300.” At this point I’m not sure how God intends for us to understand this spiritually, other than the fact, that an “ox” can typify the Lord Jesus Christ, (perhaps you recall the four “faces” of the “living creatures in Ezekiel 1 - a man” an “ox,” an “eagle,” and a “lion.”).  “Oxen”  can also represent God’s elect.


 Is Poor [dal:H1800]


The next expression, “poor” is not untypical of God’s elect, as we read in Matthew 5:3,


“Blessed [are] the poor [ptochos:H4434] in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”


We also think of David who likewise came from a poor family, yet was mightily used by God.  


Here are some illustrations of how God utilizes this word:


1 Samuel 2:8 declares: “He raiseth up the poor [dal:H1800] out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set [them] among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are] the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.”

By contrast we learn in 2 Samuel 3:1, that the “house of David” got “stronger and stronger,” whereas, Saul “house” got “weaker and weaker,” in which these terms are repeated: “Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker [dal:H1800] and weaker.” [dal:H1800]


Isaiah 11:4 includes this word, in the context of our present day of judgment: “But with righteousness shall he judge the poor [dal:H1800], and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.”


God’s comfort for His elect is seen in Isaiah 25:4, “For thou hast been a strength to the poor [dal:H1800], a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones [is] as a storm [against] the wall.”


In Jeremiah 5:4 “the poor” are equated with “the foolish,” hence they typify the non-elect: “Therefore I said, Surely these [are] poor; [dal:H1800] they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, [nor] the judgment of their God.”


And Zephaniah 3:12 reveals: “I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor [dal:H1800] people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD.”


On that wonderful note, we will have to bring today’s lesson to a close.




Judges 6 - Part 14

July 19, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 14 and today’s date is July 19, 2019. I will read Judges 6:11-16,


“And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which [was] in Ophrah, that [pertained] unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide [it] from the Midianites. {12} And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD [is] with thee, thou mighty man of valour. {13} And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where [be] all his miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites. {14} And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee? {15} And he said unto him, Oh my Lord, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family [is] poor in Manasseh, and I [am] the least in my father's house. {16} And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man.”


In our previous study, we left off at the second part of verse 15, and the phrase, “...behold, my family [is] poor in Manasseh…”


Behold My Family [’eleph:H504] [’eleph:H505] 


Curiously, the term for “behold my family” is a doubling of the identical word, “ ’eleph,” (H504) and “ ’eleph,”(H505).  H504 is only translated here as “family” everywhere else it is rendered as “oxen” or “kine.”  H505, on the other hand, although it is spelled the same as H504, is the number “one thousand.”  At this point I’m not sure how God intends for us to understand this spiritually - especially given the fact that Gideon’s father worshipped false gods as we shall see when we get down to verse 25 -  other than the fact, that an “ox” can typify the Lord Jesus Christ, (perhaps you recall the four “faces” of the “living creatures in Ezekiel 1 - a “man” an “ox,” an “eagle,” and a “lion.”).  “Oxen” can also represent God’s elect, as they went out “two and two” (as the number “2” signifies the custodians of the Gospel) to reach the nations of the elect during the day of salvation, as we note from Mark 6:7 and Luke 10:1 respectively: 


“And he called [unto him] the twelve, and began to send them forth by two [dyo:G1417] and two [dyo:G1417]; and gave them power over unclean spirits;”


“After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two [ana:G303] and two [dyo:G1417] before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come.”


 Is Poor [dal:H1800]


The next expression, “poor” is not untypical of God’s elect, as we read in Matthew 5:3,


“Blessed [are] the poor [ptochos:H4434] in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”


We also think of David who likewise came from a poor family, yet was mightily used by God.  


Here are some illustrations of how God utilizes this word:


1 Samuel 2:8 declares: “He raiseth up the poor [dal:H1800] out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set [them] among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are] the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.”


By contrast we learn in 2 Samuel 3:1, that the “house of David” got “stronger and stronger,” whereas, Saul’s “house” got “weaker and weaker,” in which this term, “weaker” (H1800) is repeated: “Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker [dal:H1800] and weaker.” [dal:H1800]


Isaiah 11:4 includes this word, in the context of our present day of judgment: “But with righteousness shall he judge the poor [dal:H1800], and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.”


God’s comfort for His elect is evident in Isaiah 25:4, “For thou hast been a strength to the poor [dal:H1800], a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones [is] as a storm [against] the wall.”


By contrast, in Jeremiah 5:4 “the poor” are equated with “the foolish,” hence they typify the non-elect: “Therefore I said, Surely these [are] poor; [dal:H1800] they are foolish [ya’al:H2973]: for they know not the way of the LORD, [nor] the judgment of their God.”


And Zephaniah 3:12 references God’s elect as well: “I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor [dal:H1800] people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD.”


This brings us to the last phrase in verse 15, which consists of three Hebrew words:


And I Am The Least [tsa`yir:H6810] In My Father's ['ab:H1] House [bayith:H1004]


The same  term, “...and I'm the least…”  is also found in conjunction with Saul in 1 Samuel 9:2,


“And Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least [tsa`yir:H6810] of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to me?”


Spiritually, Saul typifies the end-time institutional churches and denominations, even as these next verses similarly highlight the descendants of Lot’s two daughters - the Moabites and Ammonites - who likewise represent them as well, as we read in Genesis 19:31, 34-35, and 38; please note the usage of the identical word, “father,” found in Judges 6:15,


“And the firstborn said unto the younger [tsa`yir:H6810], Our father ['ab:H1] [is] old, and [there is] not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: ... {34} And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger [tsa`yir:H6810] , Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: ['ab:H1]  let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, [and] lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. {35} And they made their father ['ab:H1] drink wine that night also: and the younger [tsa`yir:H6810] arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. ... {38} And the younger [tsa`yir:H6810], she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same [is] the father ['ab:H1]  of the children of Ammon unto this day.”


However, this same term, “younger” or “least” can also refer to the elect, and even to Christ Himself, as the following citations reveal:


Genesis 25:23 not only records God answer to Rebekah’s question, but also illustrates how God divides the human race into two fundamental categories: “And the LORD said unto her, Two nations [are] in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and [the one] people shall be stronger than [the other] people; and the elder shall serve the younger.” [tsa`yir:H6810]


This is also seen as Joseph seats his half brothers and Benjamin according to their age as they ate a meal together in Genesis 43:33, “And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest [tsa`yir:H6810] according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another.”


Likewise in Genesis 48:14, God underscores this truth as well with respect to Jacob blessing Joseph’s children: “And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid [it] upon Ephraim's head, who [was] the younger [tsa`yir:H6810], and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh [was] the firstborn.”



Micah 5:2 emphasizes this too referring to the birthplace of the Savior: “But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little [tsa`yir:H6810] among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.”


In My Father's ['ab:H1] House [bayith:H1004]


The two expressions, “in my father’s” and “house” also appears in verse 27 of Judges 6, as Gideon prepares to destroy the altar to Baal and the grove next to it, which his father had set up: 


“Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the LORD had said unto him: and [so] it was, because he feared his father's ['ab:H1] household [bayith:H1004], and the men of the city, that he could not do [it] by day, that he did [it] by night.”


These two words also surface in a variety of other contexts, including one’s “father’s house” literally, or it can symbolize the “father’s house” corporately as the subsequent citations testify:


In Genesis 12:1, God utters these words to Abram: “Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's ['ab:H1]  house [bayith:H1004], unto a land that I will shew thee:”


1 Samuel 2:27-36 pictures the corporate “house of thy father” coming under the judgment of God, and represents the end-time institutional churches and denominations experienced the same fate for their disobedience to God’s Word: “And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house [bayith:H1004] of thy father, ['ab:H1]  when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house? [bayith:H1004] {28} And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel [to be] my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house [bayith:H1004] of thy father ['ab:H1]  all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel? {29} Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my] habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people? {30} Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed [that] thy house [bayith:H1004], and the house [bayith:H1004] of thy father, ['ab:H1]  should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. {31} Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's ['ab:H1] house [bayith:H1004], that there shall not be an old man in thine house. [bayith:H1004] {32} And thou shalt see an enemy [in my] habitation, in all [the wealth] which [God] shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house [bayith:H1004] for ever. {33} And the man of thine, [whom] I shall not cut off from mine altar, [shall be] to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house [bayith:H1004] shall die in the flower of their age. {34} And this [shall be] a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them. {35} And I will raise me up a faithful priest, [that] shall do according to [that] which [is] in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house [bayith:H1004]; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever. {36} And it shall come to pass, [that] every one that is left in thine house [bayith:H1004] shall come [and] crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests' offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.”


Now we want to turn our attention to,


Verse 16: “And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one [’echad:H259] man.” [’iysh:H376]


We have already considered all the words in this verse, except for the last two: “as one” and “man,”  as this is the first time that they appear together in the book of Judges, however we have run out of time today, so in our next study, Lord willing, we will look at some of the ways that God employs these two terms together.







Judges 6 - Part 15

July 22, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 15 and today’s date is July 22, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


Our previous study ended as we were about to consider the last two words in verse 16,


As One [’echad:H259] Man [’iysh:H376]


These two words are quite unique and appear in a number of citations together, as these next passages will reveal:


Curiously, they are found for example in Genesis 2:24 which state: “Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.” 


This verse is extremely noteworthy as it not only forms the basis for the marriage institution which God established, but even more significant is the spiritual marriage between the Lord Jesus Christ and His eternal Bride or Body of Christ, that He redeemed, by virtue of His Atonement “...at the foundation of the world.”

Moreover, as we consider the fact that God was married to the nation of Israel, we can begin to see why He would use this terminology that one would think would be confined strictly to the marriage relationship.


These two terms show up in verse 15 of  Numbers 14:11-23, in this remarkable exchange between Moses and eternal God: “And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them? {12} I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of thee a greater nation and mightier than they. {13} And Moses said unto the LORD, Then the Egyptians shall hear [it], (for thou broughtest up this people in thy might from among them;) {14} And they will tell [it] to the inhabitants of this land: [for] they have heard that thou LORD [art] among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and [that] thy cloud standeth over them, and [that] thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night. {15}Now [if] thou shalt kill [all] this people as one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376], then the nations which have heard the fame of thee will speak, saying, {16} Because the LORD was not able to bring this people into the land which he sware unto them, therefore he hath slain them in the wilderness. {17} And now, I beseech thee, let the power of my Lord be great, according as thou hast spoken, saying, {18} The LORD [is] longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing [the guilty], visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation]. {19} Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the greatness of thy mercy, and as thou hast forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now. {20} And the LORD said, I have pardoned according to thy word: {21} But [as] truly [as] I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD. {22} Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; {23} Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it:”


Another truth that we want to keep in mind is the fact that in this exchange we can see that Moses is typifying the Lord Jesus, Who is interceding on behalf of the nation, which in actuality could only apply to God’s elect, who are the only ones that are indeed married to the Savior. 


Judges 20:1, 8, and 11 likewise reveal: “Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one [’echad:H259] man[’iysh:H376], from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto the LORD in Mizpeh. ... {8} And all the people arose as one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376], saying, We will not any [’iysh:H376]

 [of us] go to his tent, neither will we any [’iysh:H376]

 [of us] turn into his house. ... {11} So all the men [’iysh:H376]

  of Israel were gathered against the city, knit together as one [’echad:H259]  man.” [’iysh:H376]


This is also the case in verse 14 of 2 Samuel 19:11-14 which concerns the return of King David, after the attempted coup by Abslaom who was killed, contrary to David’s express command: “And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, [even] to his house. {12} Ye [are] my brethren, ye [are] my bones [`etsem:H6106] and my flesh [basar:H1320] wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king? {13} And say ye to Amasa, [Art] thou not of my bone, [`etsem:H6106] and of my flesh? [basar:H1320]  God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.{14} And he bowed the heart of all the men [’iysh:H376] of Judah, even as [the heart of] one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376]; so that they sent [this word] unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants.”


Spiritually the allusion to “my bones and my flesh” hearkens back to verse 23 of Genesis 2:21-24, in which the same terms for “bones” and “flesh” are found:


“And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; {22} And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. {23} And Adam said, This [is] now bone [`etsem:H6106]  of my bones [`etsem:H6106], and flesh [basar:H1320] of my flesh [basar:H1320]: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. {24} Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.”


Ezra 3:1 is another reference in which these two expressions emerge: “And when the seventh month was come, and the children of Israel [were] in the cities, the people gathered themselves together as one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376] to Jerusalem.”


Similarly, Nehemiah 8:1 adds: “And all the people gathered themselves together as one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376] into the street that [was] before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel.”


So we can see that the “one man” can refer to the nation, but in these next passages, they can also refer to Christ Himself:


Isaiah 4:1 foretells: “And in that day seven women shall take hold of one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376], saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.”


Daniel 10:5 also adds: “Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain [’echad:H259]  man [’iysh:H376] clothed in linen, whose loins [were] girded with fine gold of Uphaz:”


In Ezekiel 9:2, the “one man” again is Christ:  “And, behold, six men came from the way of the higher gate, which lieth toward the north, and every [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376]  a slaughter weapon in his hand; and one [’echad:H259] man [’iysh:H376]  among them [was] clothed with linen, with a writer's inkhorn by his side: and they went in, and stood beside the brasen altar.”


“One” [heis:G1520] “Man” [anthropos:GG444] In The New Testament


The following references illustrate how God employs these two words in the New Testament:


John 11:50 maintains, “Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one [heis:H1520] man [anthropos:G444] should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.”


Similarly, John 18:14 declares: “Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one [heis:H1520] man [anthropos:G444] should die for the people.”


And Romans 5:12 and 15 reveal: “Wherefore, as by one [heis:H1520] man [anthropos:G444]  sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: ... {15} But not as the offence, so also [is] the free gift. For if through the offence of one [heis:H1520] many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, [which is] by one [heis:H1520] man [anthropos:G444], Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.”


Let’s proceed on to verse 17, which is Gideon’s response to “the angel of LORD” (i.e., “Christ”):


Verse 17:  “And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me.” 


The phrase “If now I have found grace in thy sight” is comprised of three Hebrew words,


If Now I Have Found [matsa’:H4672] Grace [chen:H2580] In Thy Sight [`ayin:H5869]


These three terms surface in 39 other passages, and portray God’s grace in salvation, when that was still viable; here are some instances of their usage:


In Genesis 6:8, these two words are used in connection with Noah: “But Noah found [matsa’:H4672] grace [chen:H2580] in the eyes [`ayin:H5869] of the LORD.”


Likewise in verse 3 of Genesis 18:1-3 we read the following with respect to Abraham, who encounters the Trinity, Who appear as three men: “And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; {2} And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, {3} And said, My Lord, if now I have found [matsa’:H4672] favour [chen:H2580] in thy sight [`ayin:H5869], pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:”


Genesis 19:19 similarly contains these three terms in conjunction with Lot: “Behold now, thy servant hath found [matsa’:H4672] grace [chen:H2580]  in thy sight [`ayin:H5869], and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:”


Then in Exodus 33:12-13, and 16-17 we learn the following with regard to Moses: “And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found [matsa’:H4672] grace [chen:H2580] in my sight. [`ayin:H5869] {13} Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found [matsa’:H4672] grace [chen:H2580] in thy sight [`ayin:H5869], shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation [is] thy people. ... {16} For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found [matsa’:H4672] grace [chen:H2580]  in thy sight? [`ayin:H5869] [is it] not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that [are] upon the face of the earth. {17} And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found  [matsa’:H4672]  grace [chen:H2580]  in my sight [`ayin:H5869], and I know thee by name.”


Lastly, in Ruth 2:2, 10, and 13 we discover these same terms which are repeated:  “And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn after [him] in whose sight [`ayin:H5869] I shall find  [matsa’:H4672] grace. [chen:H2580]   And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. ... {10} Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found  [matsa’:H4672] grace [chen:H2580]  in thine eyes [`ayin:H5869], that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I [am] a stranger? ... {13} Then she said, Let me find  [matsa’:H4672] favour [chen:H2580] in thy sight [`ayin:H5869], my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens.”

I think we will have to stop here today,and Lord willing in our next study, we will consider the latter part of verse 17.

Judges 6 - Part 16

July 24, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 16 and today’s date is July 24, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


In our previous study we left off at the latter part of verse 17 which states:


Then Shew [`asah:H6213] Me A Sign [’owth:H226] That Thou Talkest [dabar:H1696] With Me


This phrase is actually quite remarkable as one considers how gracious and kind God was to allow His people to ask for a sign, as we see in this case with Gideon, prior to the completion of the Bible. After the Bible was completed around 90 AD, the only miraculous “signs” that one reads about are Satanic in nature, as the only legitimate signs are found in the Word of God, according to Luke 11:29-30,


“And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign [semeion:G4592]; and there shall no sign [semeion:G4592]  be given it, but the sign [semeion:G4592] of Jonas [Ionas:G2495] the prophet. {30} For as Jonas [Ionas:G2495] was a sign [semeion:G4592] unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.”  


The “sign of Jonas the prophet” is speaking about the Bible itself, which is where one learns about Jonah, Who typifies the “Son of  man,” Who is the Lord Jesus Christ. Three other passages contain all three of the Hebrew words found in this phrase:


In verse 30 of Exodus 4:27-30 we learn: “And the LORD said to Aaron, Go into the wilderness to meet Moses. And he went, and met him in the mount of God, and kissed him. {28} And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him, and all the signs [’owth:H226]  which he had commanded him. {29} And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel:{30} And Aaron spake all the words [dabar:H1697] which the LORD had spoken unto Moses, and did [`asah:H6213] the signs [’owth:H226]  in the sight of the people. {31} And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and that he had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.


We also can go to verse 9 of  2 Kings 20:5-11 (as well as the parallel account in Isaiah 38:7) regarding the healing of King Hezekiah that God informed Isaiah about: “Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of the LORD. {6} And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. {7} And Isaiah said, Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid [it] on the boil, and he recovered. 8 And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What [shall be] the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day?{8}And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What [shall be] the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day? {9} And Isaiah said, This sign [’owth:H226]  shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do [`asah:H6213] the thing [dabar:H1697]  that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees? {10} And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees. {11} And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.”


We next read what Gideon says to the “angel of Jehovah” in verse 18:


Verse 18: “Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again.”


Depart [muwsh:H4185] Not Hence I Pray Thee Until I Come [bow:H935]


The first phrase in verse 18 is comprised of two words, and we have already encountered the term, “not hence, I pray thee, until I come,” which we have already seen a number of times in the earlier chapters of Judges, so I won’t go over that material again; instead I would like us to focus on the word, “depart”:


Depart [muwsh:H4185] 


As with many many words in the Bible, this expression can express a positive connotation as well as a negative nuance, depending on the context. For instance, in Proverbs 17:13, we discover an example of the latter, which is rendered as “shall not depart”:


“Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart [muwsh:H4185] [muwsh:H4185] from his house.”


However, these next citations reflect a positive connotation, based on the faithfulness and integrity of God Himself:

 

In Exodus 13:22, this word is rendered, “He took not away”: “He took not away [muwsh:H4185]  the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, [from] before the people.”


And Joshua 1:8 translates this as, “shall not depart,” underscoring God’s definition for true “success”: “This book of the law shall not depart [muwsh:H4185]  out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.”


In Job 23:12, it is expressed as, “neither have I gone back” in this verse that reminds us of the principle found in John 14:15, “If ye love me, keep my commandments”: “Neither have I gone back [muwsh:H4185]  from the commandment of his lips; I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary [food].”


In Isaiah 54:10 this  “For the mountains shall depart [muwsh:H4185] , and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart [muwsh:H4185]  from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.”


Isaiah 59:21, “As for me, this [is] my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that [is] upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart [muwsh:H4185] out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.”


Lastly, Jeremiah 17:8 is the only other passage that includes both words as in Judges 6:17 - “cometh” and “neither shall cease,” which is reminiscent of Psalm 1: “For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease [muwsh:H4185]  from yielding fruit.”


Unto Thee And Bring Forth [yatsa’:H3318] My Present [minchah:H4503]


The next two words, “unto thee and bring forth” and “my present” only appear together again in Ezekiel 46:20, as “the meat offering” and “that they bear,” because we will see shortly that this is exactly what Gideon presents to the “angel of Jehovah”:


“Then said he unto me, This [is] the place where the priests shall boil the trespass offering and the sin offering, where they shall bake the meat offering [minchah:H4503]; that they bear[yatsa’:H3318]  [them] not out into the utter court, to sanctify the people.”


Actually, we have run across the word, “present” or “meat offering” as it is more commonly rendered, when we were in Judges 3:15, and 17-18, with regard to Judge Ehud and the “present” which he brought to Eglon, who was at that time, the king of the Moabites, and another type or figure of Satan:


But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present [minchah:H4503]

 unto Eglon the king of Moab. ... {17} And he brought the present [minchah:H4503] unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon [was] a very fat man. {18} And when he had made an end to offer the present [minchah:H4503], he sent away the people that bare the present.”


And Set [yanach:H3240] It Before [paniym:H6440]


The next phrase consists of two words, “and set” and “it before.” what is noteworthy about these two terms as they surface together in 8 other citations is the fact that they all have the same context, namely “that which is Holy,” as the subsequent passages reveal:


For instance in Exodus 16:33-34 these two expressions are rendered as “lay up” and “before” both “the LORD” and “the Testimony”:“And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up [yanach:H3240] before [paniym:H6440] the LORD, to be kept for your generations. {34} As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up [yanach:H3240] before [paniym:H6440] the Testimony, to be kept.”


And in Numbers 17:4 and 7, the Ark of the Covenant is again in view as, “the testimony” and “the tabernacle of witness”: And thou shalt lay them up [yanach:H3240]  in the tabernacle of the congregation before [paniym:H6440] the testimony, where I will meet with you. ... {7} And Moses laid up [yanach:H3240]  the rods before [paniym:H6440] the LORD in the tabernacle of witness.”


In Deuteronomy 26:4 and 10, the words, “set” and “before” are employed with respect to both the “altar” (typifying Christ), and “the LORD thy God”: “And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand, and set it down [yanach:H3240] before [paniym:H6440]  the altar of the LORD thy God. ... {10} And now, behold, I have brought the firstfruits of the land, which thou, O LORD, hast given me. And thou shalt set [yanach:H3240] it before [paniym:H6440] the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God:”


Then in 1 Samuel 10:25 we learn: “Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote [it] in a book, and laid [it] up [yanach:H3240]  before [paniym:H6440] the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house.”


In conclusion, Ezekiel 42:13 likewise declares: “Then said he unto me, The north chambers [and] the south chambers, which [are] before [paniym:H6440] the separate place, they [be] holy chambers, where the priests that approach unto the LORD shall eat the most holy things: there shall they lay [yanach:H3240] the most holy things, and the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering; for the place [is] holy.”


It looks like we will have to stop here, and pick this up, Lord willing, in our next study.

Judges 6 - Part 17





August 14, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 17 and today’s date is August 14, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


In our last study, we left off at the end of verse 18, and the phrase, that the “angel of the LORD” said to Gideon: “And he said, I will tarry until thou come again,” which consists of three words:


I Will Tarry [yashab:H3427] Until Thou Come Again [shuwb:H7725]


We can understand how this played out in the historical context, but we are curious as far as the spiritual dimension that God has hidden in His Word. Here are some of the ways that God employs these two terms: 


In Leviticus 25:10 “I will tarry” is rendered as “unto all the inhabitants”  and “until thou come again” is translated as “return”: “And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout [all] the land unto all the inhabitants [yashab:H3427] thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return [shuwb:H7725] every man unto his possession, and ye shall return [shuwb:H7725] every man unto his family.”


Isaiah 58:12 translates “I will tarry” as “the restorer,” and “until thou come again” as “to dwell in”: “And [they that shall be] of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer [yashab:H3427] of paths to dwell in.” [shuwb:H7725]


And in Ezekiel 38:8 and 12 maintain: “After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land [that is] brought back [shuwb:H7725] from the sword, [and is] gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell [yashab:H3427] safely all of them. ... {12} To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn [shuwb:H7725] thine hand upon the desolate places [that are now] inhabited [yashab:H3427], and upon the people [that are] gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell [yashab:H3427] in the midst of the land.”


Amos 9:14 also reveals: “And I will bring again [shuwb:H7725]  the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit [them] [yashab:H3427]; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them.”


These passages that contain these two expressions have to do with the Gospel reaching “the nations of the elect,” especially during the “latter rain,” which spiritually is so frequently in view as we have seen so often in the book of Judges.


This brings us to verse 19, in which we learn what Gideon did next, as he prepared his “present” for the “angel of the LORD”:


Verse 19: “And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it].” 


And Made Ready [`asah:H6213] A Kid [`ez:H5795] [gediy:H1423]


The phrase, “...and made ready a kid” is comprised of three words, as the term for “a kid” is made up of two words, literally signifying “a kid of the goats,” as H5795 is primarily translated as “goat;”  These three terms also surface in the following three citations:


Genesis 27:9 chronicles Rebekah instructions to Jacob: “Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids [gediy:H1423] of the goats; [`ez:H5795] and I will make [`asah:H6213] them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth:”


Judges 13:15 and 19 is a similar account to Judges 6: “And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid [gediy:H1423][`ez:H5795] for thee. ... {19} So Manoah took a kid [gediy:H1423][`ez:H5795] with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did [`asah:H6213]  wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on.”


When we think about a kid or a lamb being offered what immediately comes to mind is the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus, as “...the lamb slain from the foundation of the world,” according to Revelation 13:8. This is why God instituted all the animal sacrifices in the Old Testament, which not only looked forward to the coming of the Messiah and the demonstration of the Atonement which took place in 33 AD, but even more importantly (but rarely mentioned) would have looked back to the actual Atonement which Christ accomplished on behalf of His chosen people, “...at the foundation of the world.”


The next phrase that we want to turn our attention to in verse 19 is: 


And Unleavened Cakes [matstsah:H4682] Of An Ephah [’eyphah:H374] Of Flour [qemach:H7058]


These three terms only appear together in this verse, so we will have to consider them separately.  


And Unleavened Cakes [matstsah:H4682] & Of Flour [qemach:H7058]


The two terms, “and unleavened cakes” and “of flour” only crops up again in the account of “the woman with a familiar spirit in Endor” who prepared a meal (possibly his last one as he died in battle the next day) for king Saul (a type of the end-time institutional churches and denominations) in 1 Samuel 28:24,


“And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and took flour [qemach:H7058], and kneaded [it], and did bake unleavened bread [matstsah:H4682] thereof:”  


This is an interesting passage because it follows the same “time and season” as in Judges 6, namely the Great Tribulation, during which God’s judgment came upon all the end-time institutional churches and denominations, worldwide, and without exception, that king Saul represents.


The combination of a “kid” along with “unleavened bread” were key elements that God prescribed with respect to the Feast of the Passover (pointing to the sacrifice of the Messiah again), as verse 8 of Exodus 12:3-8 describe, and quoted in 1 Peter 1:19, “But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:”  


Exodus 12:3-8 proclaims:“Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of [their] fathers, a lamb for an house: {4} And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take [it] according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. {5} Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take [it] out from the sheep, or from the goats: {6} And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. {7} And they shall take of the blood, and strike [it] on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. {8} And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread [matstsah:H4682]; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.”


The Flesh [basar:H1320] He Put [suwm:H7760] In A Basket [cal:H5536]


The next phrase, “...the flesh he put in a basket” consists of three words again, and is only found together in this verse, however the two words, “the flesh” and “in a basket” do surface in two other citations, having to do with one of God’s directives to the priests in Exodus 29:32 and Leviticus 8:31 respectively:


“And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh [basar:H1320]  of the ram, and the bread that [is] in the basket [cal:H5536], [by] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.”


“And Moses said unto Aaron and to his sons, Boil the flesh [basar:H1320]  [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and there eat it with the bread that [is] in the basket [cal:H5536] of consecrations, as I commanded, saying, Aaron and his sons shall eat it.”

And He Put [suwm:H7760] The Broth [maraq:H4839] In A Pot [paruwr:H6517]


The next phrase that we want to examine is: “...and he put the broth in a pot...”  These three terms only emerge together in this verse, so we will have to consider them separately.


The Broth [maraq:H4839]


The word, “broth” is only found in two other places - and one of them is in the very next verse - Judges 6:20 which states: 


“And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay them upon this rock, and pour out the broth. [maraq:H4839] And he did so.”


The term, “broth,” in verses 19-20 is positive in nature, as it has to do with an offering made to the LORD. However, the next reference in verse 4 of Isaiah 65:1-4, is used in a negative sense, speaking of corporate Israel’s (who mirrors the end-time institutional churches and denominations) rebellion: 


“I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name. {2} I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts. {3} A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick; {4} Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine's flesh, and broth [maraq:H4839] of abominable things is in their vessels;”


In A Pot [paruwr:H6517]


The expression, “in a pot” is also found in the following two passages, however the contexts for each is negative in character:


In verse 8 of  Numbers 11:4-9, this term is rendered as “it in pans”: “And the mixt multitude that [was] among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? {5} We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick: {6} But now our soul [is] dried away: [there is] nothing at all, beside this manna, [before] our eyes. {7} And the manna [was] as coriander seed, and the colour thereof as the colour of bdellium. {8} [And] the people went about, and gathered [it], and ground [it] in mills, or beat [it] in a mortar, and baked [it] in pans [paruwr:H6517], and made cakes of it: and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil. {9} And when the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell upon it.” 


This is an important admonition for us today as well, as we consider the serious warning that we find in 1 Corinthians 10:6-14 regarding both the nature as well as the behavior of many of the Israelites in the wilderness:


“Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. {7} Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. {8} Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. {9} Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. {13} There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it]. {14} Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.”


Verse 14 of 1 Samuel 2:12-17 translates this word as “or pot” in depicting the wickedness of Eli’s two sons:


“Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD. {13} And the priests' custom with the people [was, that], when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; {14} And he struck [it] into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot [paruwr:H6517]; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. {15} Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw. {16} And [if] any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and [then] take [as much] as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, [Nay]; but thou shalt give [it me] now: and if not, I will take [it] by force. {17} Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.”   


We will have to stop here for today, and Lord willing, examine the rest of verse 19 in our next study.

Judges 6 - Part 18



August 16, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 18 and today’s date is August 16, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


In our previous study we noted that God used a number of phrases with regard to Gideon’s offering that were found within the “time and season” of the Great Tribulation. As such, we discovered that God was highlighting the tremendous penetration of the Gospel into the world to reach the nations of the elect on the one hand; and on the other, God’s judgment which first began, “...at the house of God,”  according to 1 Peter 4:17, and its Old Testament counterpart, Jeremiah 25:29. We stopped at the last phrase in verse 19, “...and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it],” referring to the “present” which Gideon had prepared to offer to “the angel of the LORD.” The offering of “unleavened cakes” or “bread” along with the “kid of the goats” reminded us of the identical elements prescribed for the Passover, which point to the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ as “the Bread of Life,” and as well as the “spotless Lamb” in His atonement “...at the foundation of the world.” 


And Brought [It] Out [yatsa’:H3318] Unto Him Under The Oak [’elah:H424] And Presented [nagash:H5066] [It]


We have already considered the term, “oak” in some of our earlier lessons in this chapter, so I won’t repeat that information, except to remind ourselves that all the other references where the term, “oak” (H424) appear - except for this account in Judges 6 and two other passages in the book of Isaiah - were related to either “false gods,” “death,” “spiritual dryness,” “deception,” and  God’s “judgment” against His corporate people for their rebellion. Instead let’s focus on the two words,


And Brought [It] Out [yatsa’:H3318] & And Presented [nagash:H5066] [It]


These two terms only surface together in the following two references, and in both of them, they are linked with David - a great type of the Lord Jesus Christ:


In verse 21 of Jeremiah 30:18-24 these two words are translated as “shall proceed” and “he shall approach” along with “to approach”: 


“Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof. {19} And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small. {20} Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before me, and I will punish all that oppress them. {21} And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed [yatsa’:H3318]  from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach [nagash:H5066]  unto me: for who [is] this that engaged his heart to approach [nagash:H5066]  unto me? saith the LORD. {22} And ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. {23} Behold, the whirlwind of the LORD goeth forth with fury, a continuing whirlwind: it shall fall with pain upon the head of the wicked. {24} The fierce anger of the LORD shall not return, until he have done [it], and until he have performed the intents of his heart: in the latter days ye shall consider it.” 


In verse 21 of 1 Samuel 30:7-25, these words are rendered as, “and they went forth” and “came near”: “And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. {8} And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake [them], and without fail recover [all]. {9} So David went, he and the six hundred men that [were] with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. {10} But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor. {11} And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; {12} And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk [any] water, three days and three nights. {13} And David said unto him, To whom [belongest] thou? and whence [art] thou? And he said, I [am] a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick. {14} We made an invasion [upon] the south of the Cherethites, and upon [the coast] which [belongeth] to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. {15} And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company. {16} And when he had brought him down, behold, [they were] spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. {17} And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. {18} And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. {19} And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any [thing] that they had taken to them: David recovered all. {20} And David took all the flocks and the herds, [which] they drave before those [other] cattle, and said, This [is] David's spoil. {21} And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth [yatsa’:H3318]  to meet David, and to meet the people that [were] with him: and when David came near [nagash:H5066] to the people, he saluted them. {22} Then answered all the wicked men and [men] of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them [ought] of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead [them] away, and depart. {23} Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand. {24} For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike. {25} And it was [so] from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.”


Next we read what the “angel of the LORD” instructed Gideon to do in


Verse 20: “And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so.”

In Part 17 we discussed both “the flesh” and the “unleavened cakes” as well as the “broth,” so I won’t repeat that information again; in light of that, let's take a closer look at the the two verbs, 


Take [laqach:H3947]...And Lay [yanach:H3240]


They appear in six other citations, and we will examine a few of them to see how God employs them:


God utilizes these two terms way back in Genesis 2:15, as “took” along with “and put him”: “And the LORD God took [laqach:H3947] the man, and put him [yanach:H3240] into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.”


In Exodus 16:33, Moses gives this directive to Aaron regarding one of three elements that were placed inside the Ark of the Covenant, which typifies the Lord Jesus Christ: “And Moses said unto Aaron, Take [laqach:H3947] a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up [yanach:H3240] before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.”


Incidentally, the other two items were Aaron’s rod that budded and a copy of the Ten Commandments, as Hebrews 9:4 declares:


“Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein [was] the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;”


In verse 4 of Deuteronomy 26:1-11 these two terms are rendered as “shall take” and “set it down”: “And it shall be, when thou [art] come in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein; {2} That thou shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt bring of thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt put [it] in a basket, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name there. {3} And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us. {4} And the priest shall take [laqach:H3947] the basket out of thine hand, and set it down [yanach:H3240] before the altar of the LORD thy God. {5} And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, A Syrian ready to perish [was] my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous: {6} And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage: {7} And when we cried unto the LORD God of our fathers, the LORD heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour, and our oppression: {8} And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders: {9} And he hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, [even] a land that floweth with milk and honey. {10} And now, behold, I have brought the firstfruits of the land, which thou, O LORD, hast given me. And thou shalt set it before the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God: {11} And thou shalt rejoice in every good [thing] which the LORD thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that [is] among you.”


Ezekiel 16 is a historical parable that concerns the birth and growth of the nation of Israel from a baby to adolescence and adulthood. God was uniquely married to the nation, and though He lavished His love upon her upon her, she spurned Him, by committing spiritual adultery; in verse 39  these two expressions are translated as, “and shall take” along with “and leave,” and reveal God’s subsequent judgment for her sin: “And I will also give thee into their hand, and they shall throw down thine eminent place, and shall break down thy high places: they shall strip thee also of thy clothes, and shall take [laqach:H3947] thy fair jewels, and leave [yanach:H3240] thee naked and bare.”


The next two words that we want to investigate in verse 19 are:

Them Upon This [hallaz:H1975] Rock [cela`:H5553]


The “angel of the LORD” instructs Gideon to lay “the flesh” and “the unleavened cakes” - both of which point to the sacrifice of Christ - “upon this rock.” What “rock” is this? As we search out this term in Scripture, we encounter the following references, which help to clarify what God has in mind with respect to this term: 


In Numbers 20:8-11 this expressions surfaces three times in verses 8, and 10-11, highlighting the actual Atonement that took place “...at the foundation of the world,” as well as the subsequent “demonstration” of that event in 33 AD: “Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock [cela`:H5553] before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink. {9} And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him. {10} And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock [cela`:H5553], and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? {11} And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock [cela`:H5553] twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts [also].


Nehemiah 9:15 alludes to this event as well: “And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock [cela`:H5553] for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them.”


We learn from Psalm 18:2 that the Lord Jesus Christ - Jehovah - is, among other glorious titles, the elect’s rock: “The LORD [is] my rock [cela`:H5553], and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.”


Psalm 40:2 beautifully acknowledges God’s gracious salvation program when that was still viable, during the 13,023 years of the day of salvation:  “He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock [cela`:H5553], [and] established my goings.”


On that glorious note, we will have to bring today’s study to a close.


Judges 6 - Part 19

August 19, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 19 and today’s date is August 19, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


In our previous study we left off at the last two phrases in Judges 6:20, “...and pour out the broth. And he did so.”


We have already discussed the term, “broth” in Part 17, so I won’t go over that information again, so let’s concentrate on this word, “and pour out” as these two words are only found together in Judges 6:20.


And Pour Out [shaphak:H8210]


This expression is primarily translated as “pour,” “shed,” and “pour out” as the following passages reveal; frequently it is used in connect with bloodshed or animal sacrifices which spiritually illustrate the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ Who forfeited His life “...at the foundation of the world” for each of His elect children:


One of the first commands that God gave to Noah and his family when they exited the Ark is found in Genesis 9:6, “Whoso sheddeth [shaphak:H8210] man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.”


Exodus 29:12 was one of many instructions that God gave to Moses concerning what was required in order for Aaron and his sons to serve the LORD in their priestly duties:  “And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put [it] upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour [shaphak:H8210] all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.”


1 Samuel 1:15 reveals the emotional intensity and fervor of Hannah’s prayer to the Lord, as she unabashedly bares her soul to Him: “And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I [am] a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out [shaphak:H8210] my soul before the LORD.”


Job 30:16 typifies the Lord Jesus under the wrath of God “...at the foundation of the world.” in the Atonement: “And now my soul is poured out [shaphak:H8210] upon me; the days of affliction have taken hold upon me.”


In similar fashion, Psalm 22:14 declares: “I am poured out [shaphak:H8210] like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.”


In Joel 2:28-29, this expression surfaces once in each verse, highlighting the auspicious beginning of the “church age” on the Day of Pentecost:  “And it shall come to pass afterward, [that] I will pour out [shaphak:H8210] my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: {29} And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out [shaphak:H8210] my spirit.”


Verse 17 of Zephaniah 1:14-18 vivdly proclaims the advent of the day of judgment: “The great day of the LORD [is] near, [it is] near, and hasteth greatly, [even] the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. {15} That day [is] a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, {16} A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. {17} And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out [shaphak:H8210] as dust, and their flesh as the dung. {18} Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.”


Zephaniah 3:8 likewise adds: “Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination [is] to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour [shaphak:H8210]

 upon them mine indignation, [even] all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy.”


And He Did So [`asah:H6213]


The last English phrase in verse 20 is actually a word that we have encountered before in Judges 6:1-2, and 17, as “did,” “made,” and “then shew”: but also in the preceding chapters as well. It is “and he did so” referring of course to Gideon:


“And the children of Israel did [`asah:H6213] evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years. {2} And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: [and] because of the Midianites the children of Israel made [`asah:H6213] them the dens which [are] in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds. ... {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew [`asah:H6213] me a sign that thou talkest with me.”


Now we want to turn our attention to verse 21:


Verse 21: “Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.”


Put Forth [shalach:H7971] The End [qatseh:H7097] Of The Staff [mish`enah:H4938] That [Was] In His Hand [yad:H3027]


The phrase, “...put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand” consists of four words, and we will have to consider them individually, starting with “the end.”


The End [qatseh:H7097] 


This word, “the end” is predominantly translated as, “end,” “part,” or “edge” - having to do with the extremity of whatever is is view, and in this case, “the end of the staff that [was] in his [“the angel of the LORD’s”] hand.” Here are some of the ways that God utilizes this expression:


Joshua 3:15, “And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim [qatseh:H7097] 

 of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,)”


Ruth 3:7, “And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end [qatseh:H7097] of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.”


1 Samuel 14:27 and 43, “But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end [qatseh:H7097] 

 of the rod that [was] in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened. ... {43} Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with the end [qatseh:H7097] 

 of the rod that [was] in mine hand, [and], lo, I must die.”


Verse 4 and 6 of Psalm 19:1-6 present this beautiful affirmation: [To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.] The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. {2} Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. {3} [There is] no speech nor language, [where] their voice is not heard. {4} Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end [qatseh:H7097] 

of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, {5} Which [is] as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, [and] rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. {6} His going forth [is] from the end [qatseh:H7097] 

 of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.


Psalm 61:2 is a most precious truth anytime God’s saints are truly overwhelmed by the circumstances of life: From the end [qatseh:H7097] 

 of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock [that] is higher than I.”



Verse 5 of Isaiah 13:4-13 speak about our current day of judgment: “The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle. {5} They come from a far country, from the end [qatseh:H7097] of heaven, [even] the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land. {6} Howl ye; for the day of the LORD [is] at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty. {7] Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt: {8} And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces [shall be as] flames. {9} Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. {10} For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. {11} And I will punish the world for [their] evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible. {12} I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir. {13} Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.” 


Lastly in Isaiah 43:6 we learn of the Gospel reaching the nations of the elect during the day of salvation: “I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends [qatseh:H7097] of the earth;”


Of The Staff [mish`enah:H4938] 


The next word that we want to examine is “of the staff,” which belonged to “the angel of the LORD”: 


 2 Kings 4:29 and 31 state: "Then he said to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff [mish`enah:H4938] in thine hand, and go thy way: if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again: and lay my staff upon the face of the child. ... {31} And Gehazi passed on before them, and laid the staff [mish`enah:H4938]  upon the face of the child; but [there was] neither voice, nor hearing. Wherefore he went again to meet him, and told him, saying, The child is not awaked."


And Psalm 23:4 affirms: "Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou [art] with me; thy rod and thy staff [mish`enah:H4938] they comfort me."


I think we'll have to stop here, and pick this up in our next Bible study.




Judges 6 - Part 20

August 21, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 20 and today’s date is August 21, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


In our previous study, we left off at the phrase, 


That Was in His Hand [yad:H3027]


The English phrase, “...that was in his hand” is the familiar Hebrew word, “yad” (H3027), which we have seen many, many times already in the book of Judges, and also appears in this chapter (besides verse 21) in verses: 1-2, 9, and we will run into it again in verses 36-37. Keep in mind that the “hand” spiritually represents the will of the one in view: 


“And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand [yad:H3027] of Midian seven years. {2} And the hand [yad:H3027]  of Midian prevailed against Israel: [and] because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dens which [are] in the mountains, and caves, and [Dan 8:15-19 KJV] 15 And it came to pass, when I, [even] I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man. 16 And I heard a man's voice between [the banks of] Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this [man] to understand the vision. 17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end [shall be] the vision. 18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright. 19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end [shall be]strong holds. ... {9} And I delivered you out of the hand [yad:H3027]  of the Egyptians, and out of the hand [yad:H3027]  of all that oppressed you, and drave them out from before you, and gave you their land; ... {36} And Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by mine hand [yad:H3027] , as thou hast said, {37} Behold, I will put a fleece of wool in the floor; [and] if the dew be on the fleece only, and [it be] dry upon all the earth [beside], then shall I know that thou wilt save Israel by mine hand [yad:H3027] , as thou hast said.”


Let’s move on to the next word in verse 21 which is, 


And Touched [naga`:H5060]


This word is employed 150 times in the Old Testament, and is generally translated as, “touch,” “came,” and “reach,” although it is also rendered in 14 others ways, illustrating that it is indeed “pregnant” with meaning as so many words in the Bible are. It is frequently found in connection with unclean and clean practices, sacrifices, as well as  The following are a sampling of how God utilizes this expression:


A similar account involving the “angel” or  "messenger," “Gabriel” (Who is Christ), emerges in verse 18 of Daniel 8:15-19, in which this word is rendered as “but he touched me”: “And it came to pass, when I, [even] I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man. {16} And I heard a man's voice between [the banks of] Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this [man] to understand the vision. {17} So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end [shall be] the vision. {18} Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me [naga`:H5060], and set me upright. {19} And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end [shall be].”  


Likewise, verse 21 of Daniel 9:20-23 adds, “And whiles I [was] speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God; {21} Yea, whiles I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched [naga`:H5060] me about the time of the evening oblation. {22} And he informed [me], and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. {23} At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew [thee]; for thou [art] greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.”


This is also the case in verses 10, 16, and 18 of Daniel 10:8-19, “Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength. {9} Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground. {10} And, behold, an hand touched [naga`:H5060] me, which set me upon my knees and [upon] the palms of my hands. {11} And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling. {12} Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words. {13} But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia. {14} Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision [is] for [many] days. {15} And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb. {16} And, behold, [one] like the similitude of the sons of men touched [naga`:H5060] my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength. {17} For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me. {18} Then there came again and touched [naga`:H5060] me [one] like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me, {19} And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace [be] unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.”


The passages that were just quoted are confined to the “time and season” of the Great Tribulation, which is also in view in the book of Judges as well. Here are some more examples of this word, “touched”: 


In Ecclesiastes 12:1, it is rendered as “draw nigh,” anticipating the “day of judgment, that we are currently in: “Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh [naga`:H5060], when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them;”


In Isaiah 6:7, this expression surfaces twice with regards to the spiritual cleansing of Isaiah’s soul: “...at the foundation of the world,” it is rendered as “draw nigh”: “And he laid [naga`:H5060]  [it] upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched [naga`:H5060]  thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged.”


Isaiah 53:4 highlights the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus, “...at the foundation of the world,” in which this term is translated as “him stricken”: “Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken [naga`:H5060], smitten of God, and afflicted.”


Jonah 3:6 renders this word as “came,” with respect to the king of Nineveh during the preaching of Jonah: “For word came [naga`:H5060] unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes.”


One last reference is found in Esther 5:2, as “and touched,” - a beautiful account of the spiritual intimacy between the child of God and God, made possible by the redemption of the Lord Jesus Christ, as the Word of God: “And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, [that] she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that [was] in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched [naga`:H5060]  the top of the sceptre.”


Since we have already discussed “the flesh and the unleavened cakes” in some of  our earlier lessons, I’m going to skip ahead to the next phrase, which is comprised of three terms:


And There Rose Up [`alah:H5927] Fire [’esh:H784] Out Of The Rock [tsuwr:H6697]


These three expressions only surface together is this verse, so we will have to consider them separately; furthermore, we have already seen the word, “and there rose up” quite extensively in our study of Judges, and even in this present chapter, as it crops us again in Judges 6:3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 26, 28, and 35.


Fire [’esh:H784] Out Of The Rock [tsuwr:H6697]


The two words, "fire" and "out of the rock" only appear together in Nahum 1:6 as, "like fire" along with "and the rocks":


"Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire [’esh:H784] and the rocks [tsuwr:H6697] are thrown down by him."


The next word that we want to search out is, “and consumed,” and describes the power of the fire to eradicate both the flesh and the unleavened cakes, which reminds us of the sacrifice of Elijah on Mount Carmel with the prophets of Baal in 1 Kings 18:28, in which the same terms for, “LORD,” “fire” and “consumed” are employed:


“Then the fire [’esh:H784]  of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] fell, and consumed ['akal:H398] the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that [was] in the trench.”


And Consumed ['akal:H398]


This word, “and consumed” is commonly rendered as “eat,” “devour,” and “consume,” as these next passages indicate:


The earliest usage of this term is seen in Genesis 2:16-17, in which it is repeated twice in each verse, as the first “test” that God gave to mankind, which Adam and Eve failed; it is rendered as, “thou mayest freely” and  “eat,” in verse 16; then in verse 17 it is translated as, “thou shalt not eat” along with “that thou eatest”: “And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely ['akal:H398] eat: ['akal:H398] {17} But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat ['akal:H398] of it: for in the day that thou eatest ['akal:H398] thereof thou shalt surely [muwth:H4191] die.” [muwth:H4191] 


Incidentally, there is another duplication at the end of verse 17, in which the identical word for “die” is designated as “thereof thou shalt surely” and “die” respectively, and literally signifies: “dying thou shalt die.”


Departed [halak:H1980] Out Of His Sight [`ayin:H5869]


The last phrase in verse 21 is “...departed out of his sight” which consists of two words that are found together in over 50 citations, and we will examine just a few of them, in the interest of time:


Joshua 24:17 also acknowledges: “For the LORD our God, he [it is] that brought us up and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and which did those great signs in our sight [`ayin:H5869]

, and preserved us in all the way wherein we went [halak:H1980], and among all the people through whom we passed:”


Lastly Psalm 101:6 maintains: Mine eyes [`ayin:H5869] [shall be] upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walketh [halak:H1980] in a perfect way, he shall serve me.”


Lord willing, we will pick this up in our next lesson.






Judges 6 - Part 21

August 23, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 21 and today’s date is August 23, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


We are down to verse 22 is our examination of Judges 6, which states:  


Verse 22: “And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.”


And When Gideon [Gid`own:H1439] Perceived [ra’ah:H7200]

The first phrase in verse 22 is: “And when Gideon perceived...” and is made up of two words that we have already investigated; it fact, we encountered the term, “perceived,” in Judges 6:12, so let’s move on to the exclamation that Gideon utters next,


Alas [’ahahh:H162] O Lord [’ Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069 - identically spelled and pronounced as “Yehovah” (H3068) or “LORD”]


This unique interjection appears in nine other citations, found exclusively in Johua, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. It would be worth our while to spend some extra time on this in order to understand the contexts of each of these accounts that would elicit such a heartfelt petition by each of these three men as we shall shortly discover:


Verse 7 of Joshua 7:1-12 explains why the Israelites initially fled from the inhabitants of Ai, as a result of Aachan’s trespass: “But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel. {2} And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which [is] beside Bethaven, on the east side of Bethel, and spake unto them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went up and viewed Ai. {3} And they returned to Joshua, and said unto him, Let not all the people go up; but let about two or three thousand men go up and smite Ai; [and] make not all the people to labour thither; for they [are but] few. {4} So there went up thither of the people about three thousand men: and they fled before the men of Ai. {5} And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased them [from] before the gate [even] unto Shebarim, and smote them in the going down: wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as water. {6} And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads. {7} And Joshua said, Alas [’ahahh:H162], O Lord [’ Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069], wherefore hast thou at all brought this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? would to God we had been content, and dwelt on the other side Jordan! {8} O Lord, what shall I say, when Israel turneth their backs before their enemies! {9} For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land shall hear [of it], and shall environ us round, and cut off our name from the earth: and what wilt thou do unto thy great name? {10} And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy face? {11} Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put [it] even among their own stuff. {12} Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, [but] turned [their] backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy the accursed from among you.”


Verse 6 of Jeremiah 1:1-9 includes this emotional plea during this conversation between Jeremiah and Almighty God, as God commands him to be His spokesman to the nation, to warn them of God’s impending judgment: “The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that [were] in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin: {2} To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. {3} It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the carrying away of Jerusalem captive in the fifth month. {4} Then the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {5} Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, [and] I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations. {6} Then said I, Ah [’ahahh:H162], Lord [’ Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! behold, I cannot speak: for I [am] a child. {7} But the LORD said unto me, Say not, I [am] a child: for thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak. {8} Be not afraid of their faces: for I [am] with thee to deliver thee, saith the LORD. {9} Then the LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth. And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have put my words in thy mouth.” 



Verse 10 of Jeremiah 4:1-10 includes this utterance while depicting God’s judgment upon Judah and Jerusalem (who typify the churches and denominations of our day): “If thou wilt return, O Israel, saith the LORD, return unto me: and if thou wilt put away thine abominations out of my sight, then shalt thou not remove. {2} And thou shalt swear, The LORD liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him, and in him shall they glory. {3} For thus saith the LORD to the men of Judah and Jerusalem, Break up your fallow ground, and sow not among thorns. {4} Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart, ye men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem: lest my fury come forth like fire, and burn that none can quench [it], because of the evil of your doings. {5} Declare ye in Judah, and publish in Jerusalem; and say, Blow ye the trumpet in the land: cry, gather together, and say, Assemble yourselves, and let us go into the defenced cities. {6} Set up the standard toward Zion: retire, stay not: for I will bring evil from the north, and a great destruction. {7} The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; [and] thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant. {8} For this gird you with sackcloth, lament and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us. {9} And it shall come to pass at that day, saith the LORD, [that] the heart of the king shall perish, and the heart of the princes; and the priests shall be astonished, and the prophets shall wonder. {10} Then said I, Ah [’ahahh:H162], Lord 

[’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! surely thou hast greatly deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall have peace; whereas the sword reacheth unto the soul.” 


Verse 13 of Jeremiah 14:1-16 continues the same theme of God’s judgment upon His own house first: “The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth. {2} Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up. {3} And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads. {4} Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads. {5} Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook [it], because there was no grass. {6} And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because [there was] no grass. {7} O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou [it] for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee. {8} O the hope of Israel, the saviour thereof in time of trouble, why shouldest thou be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man [that] turneth aside to tarry for a night? {9} Why shouldest thou be as a man astonied, as a mighty man [that] cannot save? yet thou, O LORD, [art] in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name; leave us not. {10} Thus saith the LORD unto this people, Thus have they loved to wander, they have not refrained their feet, therefore the LORD doth not accept them; he will now remember their iniquity, and visit their sins. {11} Then said the LORD unto me, Pray not for this people for [their] good. {12} When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence. {13} Then said I, Ah [’ahahh:H162], Lord [’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place. {14} Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart. {15} Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that prophesy in my name, and I sent them not, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this land; By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed. {16} And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and they shall have none to bury them, them, their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters: for I will pour their wickedness upon them.”



Verse 17 of Jeremiah 32:17-24 contains this exclamation as well, in this chapter that once again chronicles the destruction of Judah and Jerusalem by the Babylonians (and spiritually relates to God’s judgment on the churches and denominations worldwide, and without exception): “Ah [’ahahh:H162] Lord [’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out arm, [and] there is nothing too hard for thee: {18} Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD of hosts, [is] his name, {19} Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes [are] open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings: {20} Which hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, [even] unto this day, and in Israel, and among [other] men; and hast made thee a name, as at this day; {21} And hast brought forth thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with great terror; {22} And hast given them this land, which thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey; {23} And they came in, and possessed it; but they obeyed not thy voice, neither walked in thy law; they have done nothing of all that thou commandedst them to do: therefore thou hast caused all this evil to come upon them: {24} Behold the mounts, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans, that fight against it, because of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence: and what thou hast spoken is come to pass; and, behold, thou seest [it].”


Verse 14 of Ezekiel 4:9-17 further acknowledges God’s judgment against His corporate people, as He uses Ezekiel the priest as a “living” parable: “Take thou also unto thee wheat, and barley, and beans, and lentiles, and millet, and fitches, and put them in one vessel, and make thee bread thereof, [according] to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon thy side, three hundred and ninety days shalt thou eat thereof. {10} And thy meat which thou shalt eat [shall be] by weight, twenty shekels a day: from time to time shalt thou eat it. {11} Thou shalt drink also water by measure, the sixth part of an hin: from time to time shalt thou drink. {12} And thou shalt eat it [as] barley cakes, and thou shalt bake it with dung that cometh out of man, in their sight. {13} And the LORD said, Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their defiled bread among the Gentiles, whither I will drive them. {14} Then said I, Ah [’ahahh:H162] Lord [’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! behold, my soul hath not been polluted: for from my youth up even till now have I not eaten of that which dieth of itself, or is torn in pieces; neither came there abominable flesh into my mouth. {15} Then he said unto me, Lo, I have given thee cow's dung for man's dung, and thou shalt prepare thy bread therewith. {16} Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment: {17} That they may want bread and water, and be astonied one with another, and consume away for their iniquity.” 


This is also the case in verse 8 of Ezekiel chapter 9: “He cried also in mine ears with a loud voice, saying, Cause them that have charge over the city to draw near, even every man [with] his destroying weapon in his hand. {2} And, behold, six men came from the way of the higher gate, which lieth toward the north, and every man a slaughter weapon in his hand; and one man among them [was] clothed with linen, with a writer's inkhorn by his side: and they went in, and stood beside the brasen altar. {3} And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub, whereupon he was, to the threshold of the house. And he called to the man clothed with linen, which [had] the writer's inkhorn by his side; {4} And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof. {5} And to the others he said in mine hearing, Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity: 6 Slay utterly old [and] young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom [is] the mark; and begin at my sanctuary. Then they began at the ancient men which [were] before the house. {7} And he said unto them, Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go ye forth. And they went forth, and slew in the city. {8} And it came to pass, while they were slaying them, and I was left, that I fell upon my face, and cried, and said, Ah [’ahahh:H162] Lord [’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! wilt thou destroy all the residue of Israel in thy pouring out of thy fury upon Jerusalem? {9} Then said he unto me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah [is] exceeding great, and the land is full of blood, and the city full of perverseness: for they say, The LORD hath forsaken the earth, and the LORD seeth not. {10} And as for me also, mine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity, [but] I will recompense their way upon their head. {11} And, behold, the man clothed with linen, which [had] the inkhorn by his side, reported the matter, saying, I have done as thou hast commanded me.”


I know these verses have been quite lengthy, and I appreciate you bearing with me but I felt that these verses are so critical to the doctrime of “the end of the church age,” as expressed in these three words that I want to continue this in our next study which we will pick up next week, Lord willing.







Judges 6 - Part 22

August 26, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 22 and today’s date is August 26, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


Ah [’ahahh:H162] Lord [’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]


In our last study we began investigating the phrase, “Alas, O Lord GOD,” which consists of three terms and which we have discovered points to God’s judgment on His corporate people - national Israel in the first instance and secondly, the New Testament churches and denominations - both of which in their respective “time and seasons,” were the outward representations of the Kingdom of God on earth. We have seen this in 9 out of 10 accounts, with the exception of our verse at hand in Judges 6:22, which is “positive” in nature. The following citations are the last two out of nine:


Verse 13 of Ezekiel 11:1-21 again references God’s wrath upon the outward representation of the Kingdom of God on earth: “Moreover the spirit lifted me up, and brought me unto the east gate of the LORD'S house, which looketh eastward: and behold at the door of the gate five and twenty men; among whom I saw Jaazaniah the son of Azur, and Pelatiah the son of Benaiah, princes of the people. {2} Then said he unto me, Son of man, these [are] the men that devise mischief, and give wicked counsel in this city: {3} Which say, [It is] not near; let us build houses: this [city is] the caldron, and we [be] the flesh. {4} Therefore prophesy against them, prophesy, O son of man. {5} And the Spirit of the LORD fell upon me, and said unto me, Speak; Thus saith the LORD; Thus have ye said, O house of Israel: for I know the things that come into your mind, [every one of] them. {6} Ye have multiplied your slain in this city, and ye have filled the streets thereof with the slain. {7} Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Your slain whom ye have laid in the midst of it, they [are] the flesh, and this [city is] the caldron: but I will bring you forth out of the midst of it. {8} Ye have feared the sword; and I will bring a sword upon you, saith the Lord GOD. {9} And I will bring you out of the midst thereof, and deliver you into the hands of strangers, and will execute judgments among you. {10} Ye shall fall by the sword; I will judge you in the border of Israel; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD. {11} This [city] shall not be your caldron, neither shall ye be the flesh in the midst thereof; [but] I will judge you in the border of Israel: {12} And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD: for ye have not walked in my statutes, neither executed my judgments, but have done after the manners of the heathen that [are] round about you. {13} And it came to pass, when I prophesied, that Pelatiah the son of Benaiah died. Then fell I down upon my face, and cried with a loud voice, and said, Ah [’ahahh:H162] Lord [’Adonay:H136] GOD [Yehovih:H3069]! wilt thou make a full end of the remnant of Israel? {14} Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {15} Son of man, thy brethren, [even] thy brethren, the men of thy kindred, and all the house of Israel wholly, [are] they unto whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said, Get you far from the LORD: unto us is this land given in possession. {16} Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come. {17} Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will even gather you from the people, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel. {18} And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence. {19} And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh: {20} That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God. {21} But [as for them] whose heart walketh after the heart of their detestable things and their abominations, I will recompense their way upon their own heads, saith the Lord GOD.”



To our amazement, verse 49 of Ezekiel chapter 20 repeats this identical refrain for the ninth time:“And it came to pass in the seventh year, in the fifth [month], the tenth [day] of the month, [that] certain of the elders of Israel came to enquire of the LORD, and sat before me. {2} Then came the word of the LORD unto me, saying, {3} Son of man, speak unto the elders of Israel, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Are ye come to enquire of me? [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will not be enquired of by you. {4} Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge [them]? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers: {5} And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when I chose Israel, and lifted up mine hand unto the seed of the house of Jacob, and made myself known unto them in the land of Egypt, when I lifted up mine hand unto them, saying, I [am] the LORD your God; {6} In the day [that] I lifted up mine hand unto them, to bring them forth of the land of Egypt into a land that I had espied for them, flowing with milk and honey, which [is] the glory of all lands: {7} Then said I unto them, Cast ye away every man the abominations of his eyes, and defile not yourselves with the idols of Egypt: I [am] the LORD your God. {8} But they rebelled against me, and would not hearken unto me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt: then I said, I will pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt. {9} But I wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, among whom they [were], in whose sight I made myself known unto them, in bringing them forth out of the land of Egypt. {10} Wherefore I caused them to go forth out of the land of Egypt, and brought them into the wilderness. {11} And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them. {12} Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I [am] the LORD that sanctify them. {13} But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them. {14} But I wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, in whose sight I brought them out. {15} Yet also I lifted up my hand unto them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given [them], flowing with milk and honey, which [is] the glory of all lands; {16] Because they despised my judgments, and walked not in my statutes, but polluted my sabbaths: for their heart went after their idols. {17} Nevertheless mine eye spared them from destroying them, neither did I make an end of them in the wilderness. {18} But I said unto their children in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols: {19} I [am] the LORD your God; walk in my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; {20} And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I [am] the LORD your God. {21} Notwithstanding the children rebelled against me: they walked not in my statutes, neither kept my judgments to do them, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them; they polluted my sabbaths: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the wilderness. {22} Nevertheless I withdrew mine hand, and wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted in the sight of the heathen, in whose sight I brought them forth. {23} I lifted up mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; {24} Because they had not executed my judgments, but had despised my statutes, and had polluted my sabbaths, and their eyes were after their fathers' idols. {25} Wherefore I gave them also statutes [that were] not good, and judgments whereby they should not live; {26} And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through [the fire] all that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end that they might know that I [am] the LORD. {27} Therefore, son of man, speak unto the house of Israel, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Yet in this your fathers have blasphemed me, in that they have committed a trespass against me. {28} [For] when I had brought them into the land, [for] the which I lifted up mine hand to give it to them, then they saw every high hill, and all the thick trees, and they offered there their sacrifices, and there they presented the provocation of their offering: there also they made their sweet savour, and poured out there their drink offerings. {29} Then I said unto them, What [is] the high place whereunto ye go? And the name thereof is called Bamah unto this day. {30} Wherefore say unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Are ye polluted after the manner of your fathers? and commit ye whoredom after their abominations? {31} For when ye offer your gifts, when ye make your sons to pass through the fire, ye pollute yourselves with all your idols, even unto this day: and shall I be enquired of by you, O house of Israel? [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will not be enquired of by you. {32} And that which cometh into your mind shall not be at all, that ye say, We will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries, to serve wood and stone. {33} [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out, will I rule over you: {34} And I will bring you out from the people, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out. {35} And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face. {36} Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord GOD. {37} And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant: {38} And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against me: I will bring them forth out of the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel: and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD. {39} As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter [also], if ye will not hearken unto me: but pollute ye my holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols. {40} For in mine holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, there shall all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, serve me: there will I accept them, and there will I require your offerings, and the firstfruits of your oblations, with all your holy things. {41} I will accept you with your sweet savour, when I bring you out from the people, and gather you out of the countries wherein ye have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the heathen. {42} And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country [for] the which I lifted up mine hand to give it to your fathers. {43} And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have been defiled; and ye shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils that ye have committed. {44} And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have wrought with you for my name's sake, not according to your wicked ways, nor according to your corrupt doings, O ye house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD. {45} Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {46} Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field; {47} And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. {48} And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched. {49} Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! they say of me, Doth he not speak parables?”


To be very frank, I never would have imagined that these three little words - “Ah Lord GOD!” - could encapsulate one of the greatest Biblical themes during the last 2000 years that God has revealed. It can be summarized in both 1 Peter 4:17, and its Old Testament counterpart, Jeremiah 25:17-18 respectively:


“For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?”


“Then took I the cup at the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me: {18} [To wit], Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as [it is] this day;” 


I Have Seen [ra'ah:H7200]...Face [paniym:H6440] To Face [paniym:H6440]


The last three words in verse 22 that we still need to consider are: “I have seen...face to face,” in which the words “face to face” are identical words. These three terms only appear again in Numbers 32:30, which is the account of Jacob wrestling all night with God - a spiritual portrait of wrestling with God in salvation, when that was still a viable option - and is very similar to what we read in Judges 6:22, and Gideon’s exchange with the “angel of the LORD”:


“And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel [Penuw’el:H6439] for I have seen [ra'ah:H7200] God [’elohiym:H430] face [paniym:H6440] to face [paniym:H6440], and my life is preserved.


This is an interesting verse as the term, “God” is in the plural form, or “elohiym”(H430). Moreover, the location of “Peniel,” (“Penuel”) or “looking to God” or “facing God,” is a compound word that is made up of another word for “God,” which is “ ’el”(H410) along with “panah” (H6437) - “turn” or “look”; in fact, “panah” turns out to be the root word for “face to face” (paniym:H6440). 


As we ponder these wonderful accounts that remind us of the unparalleled opportunity to not only see God, but to know Him in the most intimate way possible, we marvel again at the salvation that God had so lavishly bestowed upon the unworthy recipients of His grace, “...at the foundation of the world” in the Atonement, which is a most glorious note on which to end today’s study.


Lord willing, when we resume our study next time, we will start with verse 23, and this wonderful promise that the “angel of the LORD” gave to Gideon in the historical context, as well as to each of God’s beloved elect spiritually:  “And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die.”








Judges 6 - Part 23

August 28, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 23 and today’s date is August 28, 2019. I will read Judges 6:16-24,


“And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man. {17} And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. {20} And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. {24} Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


In our previous study we left off at verse 23, "And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die."


Peace [shalowm:H7965] Be Unto Thee Fear [yare':H3372] Not 


The two terms, “peace,” and “be unto thee fear not” are found together in three other verses:


In Genesis 43:23, Joseph's steward graciously replies to Joseph's  half-brothers and Benjamin’s petitions: “And he said, Peace [shalowm:H7965] be to you, fear  [yare':H3372] not your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them.”


Daniel 10:19 also maintains: “And said, O man greatly beloved, fear [yare':H3372] not: peace [shalowm:H7965] be unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.”


Malachi 2:5 further adds: “My covenant was with him of life and peace [shalowm:H7965]; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared me [yare':H3372], and was afraid before my name.”


Thou Shalt Not Die [muwth:G4191]


The next word in Judges 6:23 is “thou shalt not die,” which we have already discussed in a number of our earlier studies in chapters 1-5, and we will encounter this term again in verses 30 and 31 of this chapter:


“Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may die  [muwth:G4191]: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove that [was] by it. {31} And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death [muwth:G4191] whilst [it is yet] morning: if he [be] a god, let him plead for himself, because [one] hath cast down his altar.”


So, with that in mind, let’s begin examining verse 24, which states:


Verse 24: “Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.”


Built [banah:H1129] An Altar [mizbeach:H4196]


These two words, “built” and “an altar” occur together in 48 passages throughout the Old Testament, but they only appear in Judges 6:24, 26, and 28, and once in Judges 21:4. I’ll read verses 25-32 for the sake of the context as we will be investigating this portion of Scripture, after we finish verse 24:


“And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second bullock of seven years old, and throw down the altar of Baal that thy father hath, and cut down the grove that [is] by it: {26} And build [banah:H1129] an altar [mizbeach:H4196]

 unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down. {27} Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the LORD had said unto him: and [so] it was, because he feared his father's household, and the men of the city, that he could not do [it] by day, that he did [it] by night. {28} And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove was cut down that [was] by it, and the second bullock was offered upon the altar [mizbeach:H4196] [that was] built. [banah:H1129] {29} And they said one to another, Who hath done this thing? And when they enquired and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash hath done this thing. {30} Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may die: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove that [was] by it. {31} And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst [it is yet] morning: if he [be] a god, let him plead for himself, because [one] hath cast down his altar. {32} Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.”

The altar that Gideon built is one of many such altars that were erected throughout the Old Testament, and spiritually point to the Lord Jesus Christ, as do the rest of the furniture and other accessories that were utilized in both the Tabernacle as well as in the Temple. God also specified certain requirements regarding the building of such altars in both Exodus 20:25-26 and Deuteronomy 27:5-6 respectively:


“And if thou wilt make me an altar [mizbeach:H4196] of stone, thou shalt not build [banah:H1129] it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. {26} Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar [mizbeach:H4196], that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.”


And there shalt thou build [banah:H1129] an altar [mizbeach:H4196] unto the LORD thy God, an altar [mizbeach:H4196] of stones: thou shalt not lift up [any] iron [tool] upon them. {6} Thou shalt build [banah:H1129]  the altar [mizbeach:H4196] of the LORD thy God of whole stones: and thou shalt offer burnt offerings thereon unto the LORD thy God:”


In Genesis 8:20, we learn what Noah did, as soon as he and his family had exited the ark with the animals: “And Noah builded [banah:H1129] an altar [mizbeach:H4196] unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.” [mizbeach:H4196] 


Abraham likewise followed suit in Genesis 22:9, as he gets ready to offer up “his only begotten son,” as God had commanded him on one of the mountains of Mt. Moriah - the very same location in which the plague was stopped in David’s day in the threshingfloor of Arunah the Jebusite, and where the foundation of the Temple was laid in Solomon’s day, and where Christ hung on the Cross in 33 AD, outside the city gates of Jerusalem: “And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built [banah:H1129]  an altar there [mizbeach:H4196], and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar [mizbeach:H4196] upon the wood.”



1 Chronicles 21:26 pinpoints the very altar that God told David to build in the threshingfloor of Arunah the Jebusite, and the fact that God answered him “by fire” reminds us of Gideon’s offering that he presented to the “angel of the LORD,” which was consumed “by fire” out “of the rock”: “And David built there an altar [mizbeach:H4196] unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar [mizbeach:H4196] of burnt offering.”


We also note this same pattern with respect to both Isaac and Jacob as well in Genesis 26:25 and Genesis 35:7 respectively: And he builded [banah:H1129] an altar there [mizbeach:H4196], and called upon the name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there: and there Isaac's servants digged a well....{35:7} And he built [banah:H1129] there an altar [mizbeach:H4196], and called the place Elbethel: because there God appeared unto him, when he fled from the face of his brother.”


Moses also does the same in Exodus 17:15, in thnksgiving for God giving the Israelites victory over the Amalekites: “And Moses built [banah:H1129]  an altar [mizbeach:H4196], and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:” [“Jehovah is my banner”]


Joshua 8:30 mentions this as well: “Then Joshua built [banah:H1129] an altar [mizbeach:H4196]  unto the LORD God of Israel in mount Ebal,”


Samuel too did this as we read in 1 Samuel 7:17, “And his return [was] to Ramah; for there [was] his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar [mizbeach:H4196]  unto the LORD.”



Lastly, verse 2 of Ezra 3:1-7 mentions this in connecton with the Feast of Tabernacles: “And when the seventh month was come, and the children of Israel [were] in the cities, the people gathered themselves together as one man to Jerusalem. {2} Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and builded the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings thereon, as [it is] written in the law of Moses the man of God. {3} And they set the altar upon his bases; for fear [was] upon them because of the people of those countries: and they offered burnt offerings thereon unto the LORD, [even] burnt offerings morning and evening. {4} They kept also the feast of tabernacles, as [it is] written, and [offered] the daily burnt offerings by number, according to the custom, as the duty of every day required; {5} And afterward [offered] the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the LORD. {6} From the first day of the seventh month began they to offer burnt offerings unto the LORD. But the foundation of the temple of the LORD was not [yet] laid. {7} They gave money also unto the masons, and to the carpenters; and meat, and drink, and oil, unto them of Zidon, and to them of Tyre, to bring cedar trees from Lebanon to the sea of Joppa, according to the grant that they had of Cyrus king of Persia.”


And Called It Jehovahshalom [Yehovah Shalowm:H3073] Unto This Day It [Is] Yet In Ophrah Of The Abiezrites


This compound word is made up of the terms, “Jehovah” (H3068) and the same word for “peace” or “shalowm” (H7965) that the “angel of Jehovah” blessed Gideon with.


Lord willing, we will pick this up in our next study, with verse 25.









Judges 6 - Part 24

August 30, 2019


Good Evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Judges 6 - Part 24 and today’s date is August 30, 2019. I will read Judges 6:25-31,


And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second bullock of seven years old, and throw down the altar of Baal that thy father hath, and cut down the grove that is by it: {26} And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down. {27} Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the LORD had said unto him: and so it was, because he feared his father's household, and the men of the city, that he could not do it by day, that he did it by night. {28} And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove was cut down that was by it, and the second bullock was offered upon the altar that was built. {29} And they said one to another, Who hath done this thing? And when they enquired and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash hath done this thing. {30} Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may die: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove that was by it. {31}And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar. {32} Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.”


We have arrived at this next section of Judges 6, which has to do with God's command to Gideon to “throw down the altar of Baal,” and “cut down the grove” next to it.


The first phrase in Judges 6:25 is comprised of three terms that appear together in 18 passages, and we will consider some of the following ones:


And It Came To Pass The Same Night [layil:H3915] That The Lord [Yehovah:H3068] Said [’amar:H559]


Judges 7:9 is the only other reference in the book of Judges in which these three words are utilized together: And it came to pass the same night [layil:H3915], that the LORD [Yehovah:H3068]  said [’amar:H559]

 unto him, Arise, get thee down unto the host; for I have delivered it into thine hand.”


Genesis 26:24 reveals God’s declaration to Abraham: And the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] appeared unto him the same night [layil:H3915], and said [’amar:H559], I [am] the God of Abraham thy father: fear not, for I [am] with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake.”


Deuteronomy 9:25 records Moses’ intercession on behalf of the children of Israel, in which he typifies the Lord Jesus Christ: “Thus I fell down before the LORD [Yehovah:H3068]  forty days and forty nights [layil:H3915], as I fell down [at the first]; because the LORD [Yehovah:H3068]  had said [’amar:H559] he would destroy you.”


This is also corroborated by 1 Timothy 2:5, which unequivocally proclaims: 


“For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;” 


In 1 Samuel 15:16, Samuel recounts to Saul what God had told him previously: “Then Samuel said [’amar:H559] unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] hath said to me this night. [layil:H3915] And he said unto him, Say on.”


This is also the case in verse 4 of  2 Samuel 7:4 with regard to what Nathan the prophet would divulge to King David concerning David’s desire to build a house for the LORD:  And it came to pass that night [layil:H3915], that the word of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] came unto Nathan, saying,” [’amar:H559]


We also learn in 1 Kings 3:5 of this exchange between the LORD and King Solomon: “In Gibeon the LORD [Yehovah:H3068]  appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: [layil:H3915] and God said [’amar:H559], Ask what I shall give thee.”


Verse 12 of 2 Chronicles 7:12-22 chronicles God’s answer to Solomon’s prayer and based on the following stipulations, which is a spiritual portrait of what God required of the New Testament churches and denominations, which they failed to perform: And the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] appeared to Solomon by night [layil:H3915], and said [’amar:H559] unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice. {13} If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people; {14} If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. {15} Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer [that is made] in this place. {16} For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. {17} And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments; {18} Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man [to be] ruler in Israel. {19} But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; {20} Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it [to be] a proverb and a byword among all nations. {21} And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house? {22} And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them.”


These three words also surface in Jeremiah 36:30 - an announcement of God’s judgment against wicked king Jehoiakim: “Therefore thus saith [’amar:H559] the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] of Jehoiakim king of Judah; He shall have none to sit upon the throne of David: and his dead body shall be cast out in the day to the heat, and in the night [layil:H3915] to the frost.”


Lastly in Jonah 4:10 one discovers this principle that God sets forth: “Then said [’amar:H559] the LORD [Yehovah:H3068], Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for the which thou hast not laboured, neither madest it grow; which came up in a night [layil:H3915], and perished in a night:” [layil:H3915]


These three words in English also emerge in the New Testament in two significant citations, having to do with the day of salvation:


First, they are found in verse 19 of Acts 5:12-32 in connection with the newly formed era of the church age: “And by the hands of the apostles were many signs and wonders wrought among the people; (and they were all with one accord in Solomon's porch. {13} And of the rest durst no man join himself to them: but the people magnified them. {14} And believers were the more added to the Lord, multitudes both of men and women.) {15} Insomuch that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid [them] on beds and couches, that at the least the shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of them. {16}  There came also a multitude [out] of the cities round about unto Jerusalem, bringing sick folks, and them which were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed every one. {17} Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation, {18} And laid their hands on the apostles, and put them in the common prison. {19} But the angel of the Lord [kyrios:G2962] by night [nyx:G3571] opened the prison doors, and brought them forth, and said [eipon:G2036], {20} Go, stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life. {21} And when they heard [that], they entered into the temple early in the morning, and taught. But the high priest came, and they that were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought. {22} But when the officers came, and found them not in the prison, they returned, and told, {23} Saying, The prison truly found we shut with all safety, and the keepers standing without before the doors: but when we had opened, we found no man within. {24} Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things, they doubted of them whereunto this would grow. {25} Then came one and told them, saying, Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are standing in the temple, and teaching the people. {26} Then went the captain with the officers, and brought them without violence: for they feared the people, lest they should have been stoned. {27} And when they had brought them, they set [them] before the council: and the high priest asked them, {28} Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us. {29} Then Peter and the [other] apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men. {30} The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. {31} Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. {32} And we are his witnesses of these things; and [so is] also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him.”


Acts 23:11 is the second illustration of these same three English words (and three identical Greek terms): “And the night [nyx:G3571] following the Lord [kyrios:G2962] stood by him, and said [eipon:G2036], Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome.”


The next phrase in verse 25 consists of four terms that only surface together here, so we will have to consider them individually or at the least in pairs:


Take [laqach:H3947] Thy Father's [ab:H1] Young [par:H6499] Bullock [showr:H7794]


Take [laqach:H3947]...Bullock [showr:H7794]


The terms, “take” and “bullock” do surface together in 16 verses; here are a few examples of how God uses them, which is primarily for sacrifice - highlighting the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ in the Atonement “...at the foundation of the world”:


In fact, the very next verse (26) in Judges 6 includes these two words: “And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take [laqach:H3947] the second bullock [showr:H7794], and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.”


1 Kings 18:26 which I have mentioned before in connection with this chapter contains these two terms as well with respect to the futile sacrifices of the Baal worshippers on Mt. Carmel: And they took [laqach:H3947] the bullock [showr:H7794] which was given them, and they dressed [it], and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But [there was] no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.”


This is also seen in Job 42:8, in which God commands Job’s so called “friends” to sacrifice seven bullocks and seven rams (the number 7 spiritually indicates “perfection”), and that Job would pray for them: Therefore take [laqach:H3947] unto you now seven bullocks [showr:H7794] and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you [after your] folly, in that ye have not spoken of me [the thing which is] right, like my servant Job.”


Verse 9 of Psalm 50:7-15 and 23 reveal what God is actually looking for: “Hear, O my people, and I will speak; O Israel, and I will testify against thee: I [am] God, [even] thy God. {8} I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, [to have been] continually before me. {9} I will take [laqach:H3947] no bullock [showr:H7794] out of thy house, [nor] he goats out of thy folds. {10} For every beast of the forest [is] mine, [and] the cattle upon a thousand hills. {11} I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field [are] mine. {12} If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world [is] mine, and the fulness thereof. {13} Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? {14} Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High: {15} And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me. ... {23} Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth [his] conversation [aright] will I shew the salvation of God.”


Hosea 14:2 is an outstanding verse, as it reiterates this same idea of thanksgiving, vows, and praise to God for HIS SALVATION PROGRAM, when it was still available, that we just read about in Psalm 50; notice how it says “take” (which is our term) “with you words,” which was the privilege that one could beseech God for in that “time and season” of salvation. Furthermore, the expression “bullock” is rendered “calves” - and again the “mouth” is in view - “of our lips”:  “Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive [us] graciously: so will we render the calves of our lips.”


Young [par:H6499] Bullock [showr:H7794]


The two expressions, “young” and “bullock” are only found again in verse 31 of Psalm 69:29-36, reinforcing the truth that God is not looking for physical sacrifices, even though He commanded Israel to offer them because they illustrate the one, final sacrifice that Christ made outside of time, for the Bride or Body of Christ:


“But I [am] poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high. {30} I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving. {31} [This] also shall please the LORD better than an ox [showr:H7794] [or] bullock [par:H6499]  that hath horns and hoofs. {32} The humble shall see [this, and] be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God. {33} For the LORD heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners. {34} Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein. {35} For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession. {36} The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein.”


Verse 31 reminds us of numerous verses in both the Old and New Testaments that underscore this monumental concept that the work and faith of the Savior alone was responsible for the salvation of each of the elect, as Hebrews 10:1-14 acknowledges:


“For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. {2} For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. {3} But in those [sacrifices there is] a remembrance again [made] of sins every year. {4} For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. {5} Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: {6} In burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin thou hast had no pleasure. {7} Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. {8} Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and [offering] for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure [therein]; which are offered by the law; {9} Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. {10} By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all]. {11} And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: {12} But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; {13} From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. {14} For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.” 


With that wonderful thought in mind, we have to bring today’s study to a close. Lord willing, next week we will continue our investigation of the rest of Judges 6:25.