Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

Select which series you would like to hear

Judges 6 - Part 49

January 20, 2020


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! As I mentioned in Part 48, today I would like to draw some conclusions based on what we learned in parts 46-48 regarding the three different words that are all translated as “rock” in verses 20-21, and 26. So this will be Judges 6 - Part 49, and today’s date is January 20, 2020.  


You might recall me saying that I did not know why God had chosen to use three unrelated Hebrew terms that are all rendered as “rock”  in Judges 6.  I’ll read Judges 6:20-21, and 26,


And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock [cela`:H5553], and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock [tsuwr:H6696], and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. ... {26} And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock [ma`owz:H4581], in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.


If you are able to view the transcript of this study on our website or if you are on our email list to receive these transcripts it will be helpful to look at the letters, which is something you can’t do very well in an audio recording such as this. 


Summary Of The Letters Samech/Lamed/`Ayin In “cela`” (H5553)


Judges 6:20 records: And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock [cela`:H5553], and pour out the broth. And he did so.  



 


The three letters (reading from right to left) that make up the word, “cela`” are: Samech/Lamed/`Ayin, and we learned that each is a letter word, and represents one major shade of meaning, even though they might contain many others to a lesser degree:


  • “Samech” is the 15th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and is primarily translated as, “uphold.”
  • “Lamed” is 12th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and it has to do with “teaching.” 
  • “ `Ayin” is the 16th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and it mainly surfaces as “eye” or “sight.”


We understand of course that “cela`” (H5553) or  “rock”  is the Lord Jesus Christ. In Judges 6:20 we saw that the “angel of the LORD” (Who is Christ Himself) instructed Gideon to lay “the flesh” and “the unleavened cakes” - both of which point to the sacrifice of Christ - on the “rock” (cela`:H5553). Furthermore, each of the letters in “cela`” reveal an aspect of Christ’s Holy, Divine character, as He is inseparable from His Word, as He is the Word of God: He “upholds”...He “teaches”... Nothing is hidden from His “sight,” and additionally He gives spiritual understanding.








Summary Of The Letters Tzaddi/Vau/Resh In “Tsuwr” [H6697]


We read in Judges 6:21, Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock [tsuwr:H6697], and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. 


 


The three letters (reading from right to left) that make up this term are: Tzaddi/Vau/Resh, and we learned that each is a letter word, and represents one major shade of meaning, even though they might contain many others to a lesser degree:


  • “Tzaddi” is the 18th letter of the Hebrew alphabet and is the letter word for “Righteousness,” speaking of the Lord Jesus Christ Who is altogether “Righteous,” as is His Holy Word.


  • “Vau” is the 6th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and is the letter word “hooks,” which were an integral part of the Tabernacle, where they were used extensively to hang the “vail,” and the “hanging” at the entrance, as well as the “curtains.” 


  • “Resh” is the 20th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and is the letter word, “head,” exemplifying the Lord Jesus Who is the “Head” of the Body of Christ, and its glorious Husband and Savior.




Summary Of The Letters Mem/Ayin/Vav/Zayin: 


Judges 6:26 states: And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock [ma`owz:H4581], in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.





The four letters that make this word are: (reading from right to left): Mem/Ayin/Vav/Zayin:


  • “Mem” is the 13th letter of the Hebrew alphabet and the letter word for “waters,” which can either refer to salvation or judgment. Additionally, we learned that “Mem” can also include the idea of people or nations.


  • “ `Ayin” is the 16th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and it mainly surfaces as “eye” or “sight,” which includes spiritual understanding. 


  • “Vau” is the 6th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and is the letter word “hooks,” which were an integral part of the Tabernacle, where they were used extensively to hang the “vail,” and the “hanging” at the entrance, as well as the “curtains.” 


  • “Zayin” is the 7th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and is associated as remembrance or a memorial pertaining to the Word of God, Who is the Lord Jesus Christ, as we saw with regard to His Atonement “at the foundation,”  as demonstrated by the Feast of Passover (which lasted 7 days) in the Old Testament, and His demonstration on the Cross in 33 AD. Being the 7th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, it emphasizes perfection.


Conclusion:


As we embark upon this conclusion I hope that you and I can ponder and meditate upon each of the nuances in the letters found in these three terms. Too often we get so busy in our daily lives and routines that we lose sight of the necessity of quietly reflecting upon the Word of God as these next references illustrate, in which a couple of Hebrew words and one Greek word is employed:


Genesis 24:63, And Isaac went out to meditate [suwach:H7742] in the field at the eventide: and he lifted up his eyes, and saw, and, behold, the camels [were] coming.


Joshua 1:8, This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate [hagah:H1897] therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.


Psalm 1:2 But his delight [is] in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate [hagah:H1897] day and night.


1 Timothy 4:15, Meditate [meletao:G3191] upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. 


  1. The “unleavened cakes” and the “flesh” (which typify the sacrifice of Christ) are laid upon this “rock” or “cela`” in Judges 6:20. And “cela`”  highlights the role of the Word of God to “uphold,” “to teach,” and to give “spiritual understanding.”  


  1. However in verse 21, we see something different with regards to the term, “rock” or “tsuwr” that is used here. In this case fire comes out of the rock, and consumes both the “flesh” and the “unleavened cakes” which exemplify the Lord Jesus as verse 20 did, but the difference in this verse is that the “flesh” and the “unleavened cakes” are consumed. We also want to keep in mind the declaration found in Hebrews 12:29. (For our God [is] a consuming fire.) Thus we can understand this event to signify the total annihilation of the Savior at “...the foundation of the world.” The spiritual connotation of “tsuwr’s” letters reveal “righteousness,” “hooks,” and “Head” (He became the “Head” of the Body in the Atonement “...at the foundation of the world.” [Incidentally, the “hooks,” among other furnishings like the “curtains” and the entry “hanging,” supported the “veil” of the Tabernacle (and recall that the “veil” is His “flesh,”according to Hebrews 10:20. (By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;)]


  1. In Judges 6:26 we find the third word for “rock” or “ma`owz,”  as God instructs Gideon to build an altar (and Christ is the Altar upon which His Life was sacrificed) upon the “top” of the “rock”; and this word, “top” (ro’sh:H7218) is the same as “Head” that we just discussed with regard to the word “rock” or “tsuwr” in verse 21. The nuances of the letters in this term are: “waters or people,” “spiritual understanding,” “hooks,” and “perfection.”


I trust that these last four studies have been a blessing for you as we have taken the opportunity to unveil some of the depth and richness of the Hebrew letters, with respect to these three different Hebrew expressions for “rock,” and like its Greek counterpart causes us to see more fully the Lord Jesus Christ, perhaps in a different light, but always according to what we read, for example, in 2 Corinthains 3:18, 


But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass [the Bible is the “glass” or ``mirror”] the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord. 


Lord willing in our next study we will continue with our examination of Judges 7 where we left off.