Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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Judges 13 - Part 32

 August 1, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! Before I begin I would like to make you aware of another ministry avenue that BMI is embarking upon, Lord willing. This will be Judges 13 - Part 32 and today’s date is August 1, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

At the close of our last study I said that I would try to sum up what we have learned about the three words for “flame” found in verse 20 which make up this particular “word-family” that appears in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT). I will list each of these according to their Strong numbers first, and their TWOT numbers second:

  1. H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a (lah’hab) (lah-have) 
  2. H3852/TWOT 1077b (lehāḇâ) (leh-ha-vah)
  3. H7957/TWOT 1077c  (shal-heh'-beth) (shal-he-veth)

The way the TWOT numbering system works is like this. The main root or shoresh in this “word-family” is composed of three letters (reading from right to left): לַהַב or Lamed/He/Beth. It is the TWOT 1077. It is pronounced lah’hav. (lah-have) The root along with the first derivative (1077a) have the same Strong number (H3851). In similar fashion the other two derivatives have their one unique Strong numbers. All the TWOT derivatives are labeled (as in this example) 1077a…b…c… 

If a root happens to contain many derivatives such as the word,  galal (H3851/TWOT 353), signifying heap or wave these letters can go all the way to the letter “m” (indicating 13 terms in this specific “word-family”) which includes the location Gilgal where those who had not been circumcised during the wilderness sojourn underwent this requirement, along with the expression, gulgolet, or skull, and its Aramaic equivalent, Golgotha, where the Lord hung on the Cross, demonstrating what He had accomplished in the Atonement at…the foundation of the world, as the Lamb slain.  Some other terms in the galal “word-family” are: dung; basin, bowl; turning, folding; cylinder, rod, circuit; boundary, territory; idols; wheel, whirl, whirlwind; and  roll. All of these words are included in the galal “word-family” and all of them have their own unique TWOT 353a…m.

Let’s go back to the flame “word-family” that we are currently considering. Are there any differences or similarities that we can take note of amongst these three expressions?

H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a (lah’hab) (lah-have)

With regard to the first derivative for flame, its usage was the most varied because it was rendered as the blade of the dagger which Judge Ehud used to kill Eglon the king of the Moabites in Judges 3:22, which is a spiritual portrait of Christ defeating Satan.  Then in Job 39:23 in describing the horse and unnamed rider rushing into battle, the spear and shield of the warrior riding the horse are depicted as glittering. This reminds us of what we read in Revelation 19:11-21,

And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. {12}  His eyes [were] as a flame of fire, and on his head [were] many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. {13} And he [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. {14} And the armies [which were] in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. {15} And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. {16} And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. {17} And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; {18} That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all [men, both] free and bond, both small and great. {19} And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. {20} And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. {21} And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.

By contrast in Job 41:21 our word here is translated as a flame, speaking of what comes out of (leviathan’s) Satan’s mouth, which are lies as John 8:44 so succinctly affirms:

Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.   

In verse 3 of Nahum 3:1-7 we read of the bright sword and spear that the unnamed horseman lifts up in this battle against Nineveh, a  heathen nation that God employed to carry out His judgment against Samaria (the 10 Northern tribes), representing His corporate people who disobeyed God, but then God turns the tables, so to speak, on the Assyrians for coming against God’s corporate people:

Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; the prey departeth not; {2} The noise of a whip, and the noise of the rattling of the wheels, and of the pransing horses, and of the jumping chariots. {3} The horseman lifteth up both the bright sword and the glittering spear: and [there is] a multitude of slain, and a great number of carcases; and [there is] none end of [their] corpses; they stumble upon their corpses: {4} Because of the multitude of the whoredoms of the wellfavoured harlot, the mistress of witchcrafts, that selleth nations through her whoredoms, and families through her witchcrafts. {5} Behold, I [am] against thee, saith the LORD of hosts; and I will discover thy skirts upon thy face, and I will shew the nations thy nakedness, and the kingdoms thy shame. {6} And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee as a gazingstock. {7} And it shall come to pass, [that] all they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, Nineveh is laid waste: who will bemoan her? whence shall I seek comforters for thee? 

H3852/TWOT 1077b (lehāḇâ) (leh-ha-vah)

Our second derivative was mostly used in connection with judgment as this expression was used most of the time as flame(s) or flaming and almost always the term fire appeared in the same verse as well. In this sense it is quite similar to our first derivative because of the recurring theme of judgment. One exception is the way it is translated as head in 1 Samuel 17:7, characterizing Goliath’s (another type of Satan) spear. Once again in this historical parable we find David (or Christ) vanquishing the giant (Satan). As a result almost all of these passages are negative in character. However  there are a few positive Scriptures as well. These are Isaiah 4:5 and Isaiah 43:2 respectively:

And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming [H3852/TWOT 1077b]  fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defence.

When thou passest through the waters, I [will be] with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame [H3852/TWOT 1077b] kindle upon thee.

Isaiah 4:5 reminds us of the cloud by day and fire by night which exemplifies the Word of God during the wilderness sojourn  that provided guidance, light, and protection for God’s people throughout that 40-year testing program. In like manner Isaiah 43:2 promises God’s spiritual protection for His elect, and causes us to recollect of the care and protection that God afforded to Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, as they came out of the burning fiery furnace unscathed to the amazement of King Nebuchadnezzar and his ministers.

H7957/TWOT 1077c  (shal-heh'-beth) (shal-he-veth)

The third derivative was also utilized as flame in three references in which it surfaces, and again with the context of judgment each time in Job 15:30 and Song of Solomon 8:6.  The last entry, Ezekiel 20:47, is notable in that it contains both the second derivative (the flaming) as well as the third derivative (flame):

And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming [H3852/TWOT 1077b]  flame [H7957/TWOT 1077c ] shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein.

We are now ready to turn our attention to the rest of verse 20, For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. 

We want to examine the phrase went up toward heaven, speaking of the flame that we have been learning about. However, I don’t think we have enough time today, so let's wait until our next lesson. 

Judges 13 - Part 33

 August 3, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! Before I begin I would like to make you aware of another ministry avenue that BMI is embarking upon, Lord willing. This will be Judges 13 - Part 33 and today’s date is August 3, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

After having spent some time researching the term, flame, in verse 20 which we noted was frequently used in connection with judgment, and typifies the Word of God, which during the “day” of salvation could “cut” either to spiritual life (as well as to God’s blessings as in the case of God’s elect) or to spiritual death (for the unsaved, although they too can experience many earthly blessings just like God’s saints do). Now we want to proceed to the next two terms in the phrase…went up toward heaven…

Went Up/Ascended [`alah:H5927/TWOT* 1624] Toward Heaven [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]

The expression went up is also rendered ascended in our verse. Both terms along with toward heaven crop up in 20 other citations, and we’ll consider some of them:

Lord willing, if we arrive at Judges 20 we will learn of a unique battle between the tribe of Benjamin and all of the other tribes because Benjamin insisted on protecting some of the men of Gibeah who had assaulted the concubine of a Levite in Judges 19, which is a historical parable concerning God’s judgment beginning at His own house first. Israel had 400,000 men compared to Benjamin’s 26,700 men, and there were three battles that ensued. In the first two battles Israel lost a total of 40,000 men. However in the third and final conflict Benjamin lost all but 600  men, practically wiping out the entire tribe. In this last skirmish, Israel had set up an ambush against Benjamin as verses 29-40 reveal, in which these these words are translated as to arise up and ascended up, along with to heaven: 

   

And Israel set liers in wait round about Gibeah. {30} And the children of Israel went up against the children of Benjamin on the third day, and put themselves in array against Gibeah, as at other times. {31} And the children of Benjamin went out against the people, [and] were drawn away from the city; and they began to smite of the people, [and] kill, as at other times, in the highways, of which one goeth up to the house of God, and the other to Gibeah in the field, about thirty men of Israel. {32} And the children of Benjamin said, They [are] smitten down before us, as at the first. But the children of Israel said, Let us flee, and draw them from the city unto the highways. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

{33} And all the men of Israel rose up out of their place, and put themselves in array at Baaltamar: and the liers in wait of Israel came forth out of their places, [even] out of the meadows of Gibeah. {34} And there came against Gibeah ten thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and the battle was sore: but they knew not that evil [was] near them. {35} And the LORD smote Benjamin before Israel: and the children of Israel destroyed of the Benjamites that day twenty and five thousand and an hundred men: all these drew the sword. {36} So the children of Benjamin saw that they were smitten: for the men of Israel gave place to the Benjamites, because they trusted unto the liers in wait which they had set beside Gibeah. {37} And the liers in wait hasted, and rushed upon Gibeah; and the liers in wait drew [themselves] along, and smote all the city with the edge of the sword. {38} Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, that they should make a great flame with smoke rise up out of the city. {39} And when the men of Israel retired in the battle, Benjamin began to smite [and] kill of the men of Israel about thirty persons: for they said, Surely they are smitten down before us, as [in] the first battle. {40} But when the flame began to arise up [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] out of the city with a pillar of smoke, the Benjamites looked behind them, and, behold, the flame of the city ascended up [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] to heaven. [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]

These two expressions also surface in connection with Elisha and Elijah, when the latter was translated into Heaven - a portrait of the transformation that the bodies of the saints will undergo at the culmination of our present “day” of judgment in 2 Kings 2:1 and 11; these terms are expressed as would take up or went up and into heaven:  

And it came to pass, when the LORD would take up [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] Elijah into heaven [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]

 by a whirlwind, that Elijah went with Elisha from Gilgal. ... {11} And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, [there appeared] a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] by a whirlwind into heaven. [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]

 

Our next passage concerns the account when God brought a plague that killed 70,000 Israelites, after giving King David three options and David chose the one involving this plague. God then instructed David through the prophet Gad to build an altar in the threshingfloor of a man named Ornan (or Arunah) the Jebusite. (By the way, the name Jebus was an older name for Jerusalem). David bought the threshingfloor from Ornan, and then proceeded to make the following sacrifices, and the plague was stopped at this very altar as verse 26 of 1 Chronicles 21:26-28 describe, in which these two words appear as and offered along with heaven:

And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a] by fire upon the altar of burnt offering. {27} And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof. {28} At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there.

Every time I read this account I am completely awestruck by its spiritual implications. The location of this sacrifice is extraordinarily important. This was the same place in which Solomon began to build the Temple as 2 Chronicles 3:1 affirms, and the Temple is a portrait of Christ and His Bride:

Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where [the LORD] appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. 

Mount Moriah was also the place in which God told Abraham to sacrifice his only-begotten son Isaac in Genesis 22:2, 

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only [son] Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

Let’s go back to 1 Chronicles 21:26 for a minute, as I would liked to make some additional observations regarding two other expressions in this passage:  

And David built there an altar [mizbeach:H4196/TWOT 525b] unto the LORD, and offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] burnt offerings [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d] and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a] by fire upon the altar [mizbeach:H4196/TWOT 525b] of burnt offering. [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d]  

Please note that the word for altar which is repeated twice in this reference is the same word for altar which is also repeated in our verse in Judges 13:20. Additionally the term, and offered in 1 Chronicles 21:26 is the identical word as and offered in Judges 13:19, when Manoah sacrificed a kid (or baby goat) along with a meat offering to Jehovah:

So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. 

Let’s also go back to Genesis 22:2. Here again, these two terms emerge - and offer him, in addition to for a burnt offering:   

And he said, Take now thy son, thine only [son] Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] there for a burnt offering  [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d]   upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

These two words, and offer him along with for a burnt offering are part of a very extensive “word-family” that consists of 17 derivatives! This is one of the longest “word-families” that I have encountered thus far in my research. What is significant about this specific expression, burnt offering, is that it has to do with a whole burnt offering, regardless of whether it was a bullock, sheep, or goat, or even a dove or pigeon it had to be whole! 

This word also arises in verses 16 and 19 (twice) of Psalm 51:16-19, along with the term, shall they offer:

For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give [it]: thou delightest not in burnt offering.  [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d] {17} The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. {18} Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. {19} Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d]  and whole burnt offering [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d]: then shall they offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] bullocks upon thine altar. 

Spiritually we can see the sacrifice of the Savior in this as well as He is typified as a calf or an ox in both Revelation 4:7 and Ezekiel 1:10 respectively that portray four “faces” or characteristics of His Divine Being:

Revelation 4:7 maintains: And the first beast [was] like a lion, and the second beast like a calf [moschos:G3448], and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast [was] like a flying eagle.

In similar fashion Ezekiel 1:10 includes the Hebrew term, of an ox: As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox [showr:H7794/TWOT 2355a] on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.   

Well, let’s get back to our two words in verse 20, went up/ascended and toward heaven.

Went Up/Ascended [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] Toward Heaven [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]

  

In Proverbs 30:4 these words appear as  Who hath ascended up [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] into heaven,  or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what [is] his name, and what [is] his son's name, if thou canst tell?

This Scripture reminds us of Jacob’s dream in Genesis 28:12 (which is also quoted in John 1:51, as the Lord remarks to Nathanael): 

And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]: and behold the angels of God ascending [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] and descending on it.

Isaiah 65:17 likewise acknowledges one aspect of the New Heavens and New Earth, in which these words are presented as heavens and come respectively: For, behold, I create new heavens [shamayim:H8064/TWOT 2407a]  and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  into mind.

Well, on that very hopeful note we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue our examination of verse 20.

Judges 13 - Part 34

 August 5, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! Before I begin I would like to make you aware of another ministry avenue that BMI is embarking upon, Lord willing. This will be Judges 13 - Part 34 and today’s date is August 5, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We are continuing our investigation of verse 20, and we left off at the word, altar, which as I mentioned in our previous study surfaced in the account of 1 Chronicles 21:26 in which David was commanded by God (through the prophet Gad) to build an altar and offer sacrifices in the threshingfloor of Ornan (aka Arunah) the Jebusite (from Jerusalem) in order for the plague to cease. Spiritually this plague is representative of man’s sinful state that ultimately leads to death and annihilation. The only way that could have been averted (during the “day” of salvation) was through the Atonement of the Lord Jesus Christ at…the foundation of the world. The Savior is exemplified by the altar as well as by what was offered on the altar. Keep in mind that the location of this altar was the foundation of Solomon’s Temple, as David declared so profoundly in verse 1 of 1 Chronicles 22:1-5, in which we also discover the term, of the burnt offering, which you might recall has to do with the whole burnt offering that was sacrificed on the altar: 

Then David said, This [is] the house of the LORD God, and this [is] the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT* 525b] of the burnt offering [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624 d] for Israel. {2} And David commanded to gather together the strangers that [were] in the land of Israel; and he set masons to hew wrought stones to build the house of God. {3} And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails for the doors of the gates, and for the joinings; and brass in abundance without weight; {4} Also cedar trees in abundance: for the Zidonians and they of Tyre brought much cedar wood to David. {5} And David said, Solomon my son [is] young and tender, and the house [that is] to be builded for the LORD [must be] exceeding magnifical, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will [therefore] now make preparation for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death.

Let’s take a closer look at the expression, of the altar, to further understand the ways in which it relates to the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ at…the foundation of the world.

Of The Altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT* 525b]

This Hebrew noun and its verb form (zabach:H2076/TWOT 525), which by the 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

way, is primarily translated as to sacrifice or offer, constitute this specific “word-family.” The noun form surfaces over 400 times as the following Scriptures illustrate. Because the Savior is typified by the altar, it would behoove us to spend some extra time discussing this most significant word and theme throughout both the Old and New Testaments, even though, in all truthfulness, every word in the Bible is full of rich, spiritual treasure. 

This expression first appears in verse 20 of Genesis 8:20-22, as Noah and his family emerge from the Ark, having spend 370 [a number that spiritually points to Judgment (37) and completion (10)] days on that giant craft, which is another Biblical portrait of Christ and His redeemed people, and immediately what does he do? 

And Noah builded an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]

 unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] burnt offerings [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d] on the altar. [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] {21} And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. {22} While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

As we shall see, the patriarchs and other prophets, including Moses, all built altars and presented sacrifices to God, highlighting the One, Final Sacrifice for sin when Christ offered Himself to God (on behalf of His Bride) at …the foundation of the world as 1 Peter 1:18-20 announces:

Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; {19} But with the precious blood [aka, “life”] of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: {20} Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, 

Genesis 22:9 acknowledges what Abraham did with respect to the sacrifice of Isaac: And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]  upon the wood.

Likewise we read of Jacob in Genesis 35:1, And God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Bethel, and dwell there: and make there an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy brother.

This is also the case in Exodus 17:15 with Moses: And Moses built an altar, [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] and called the name of it Jehovahnissi [Jehovah My Banner]:

In Exodus 20:24-26 we discover how such an altar was to be built and God’s reasons for these precise stipulations:  

An altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. {25} And if thou wilt make me an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.  {26} Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b],  that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

Notice how any human effort [lift up thy tool upon it] immediately brought in an element of spiritual pollution and defilement. This was also underscored in the building of the Temple as 1 Kings 6:7 acknowledges:

And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe [nor] any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.

Because the altar was intimately associated with the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ, based on His Work and Faith exclusively, these next references employ this expression with God’s elect in view: 

In verse 6 of  Isaiah 6:1-7 for instance, our word arises in the context of salvation: In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. {2} Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. {3} And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory. {4} And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. {5} Then said I, Woe [is] me! for I am undone; because I [am] a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts. {6} Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, [which] he had taken with the tongs from off the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]: {7} And he laid [it] upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged.

Verse 4 of Psalm 43:1-5 contains this term and is a song of deliverance that God’s elect can certainly relate to: Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man. {2} For thou [art] the God of my strength: why dost thou cast me off? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy? {3} O send out thy light and thy truth: let them lead me; let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles. {4} Then will I go unto the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] of God, unto God my exceeding joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God my God. {5} Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.

Verse 7 of Isaiah 56:1-7 includes this expression mine altar as God works in His people …to will and to do of His good pleasure, as He went about building the Body of Christ during the “day” of salvation:   

Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation [is] near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed. {2} Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. {3} Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I [am] a dry tree. {4} For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose [the things] that please me, and take hold of my covenant; {5} Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off. {6} Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;  {7} Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices [shall be] accepted upon mine altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.

Well, it looks like we have to stop here as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue looking at this word, altar

Judges 13 - Part 35

 August 8, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 35 and today’s date is August 8, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Of The Altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT* 525b]

In our previous study we began examining the term, of the altar,  in verse 20 which I would like for us to continue examining today: 

let's begin by going to verse 6 of Isaiah 60 in which the completion of the Bride of Christ is again in view, including the physical descendants of Ishmael that God promised to Abraham (typified by the flocks of Kedar and rams of Nebaioth) along with the Gentiles from …all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues… (as Revelation 19:6 ours it) who make up the great multitude; I’ll  read verses 1-7,

Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. {2} For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. {3} And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising. {4} Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at [thy] side. {5} Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. {6} The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD. {7} All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b], and I will glorify the house of my glory.

God also gave various directives to destroy the altars that were used for the worship of false gods, such as in Exodus 34:13, 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

But ye shall destroy their altars [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b], break their images, and cut down their groves:

You might recall that in Judges 6:24-26, we learned that God had commanded Gideon to do this very thing with regard to the altar of Baal and in the process (before and after) Gideon built two altars to Jehovah, one of which he called Jehovahshalom or Peace of Jehovah; this term crops up three times in this passage:

Then Gideon built an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it [is] yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. {25} And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second bullock of seven years old, and throw down the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] of Baal that thy father hath, and cut down the grove that [is] by it: {26} And build an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.  

Let's now consider some of the Scriptures directed against God’s corporate people, in which this expression altar is employed:

Ezekiel 6:4-6, and 13 include this expression four times: And your altars [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]  shall be desolate, and your images shall be broken: and I will cast down your slain [men] before your idols. {5} And I will lay the dead carcases of the children of Israel before their idols; and I will scatter your bones round about your altars. [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] {6} In all your dwellingplaces the cities shall be laid waste, and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] may be laid waste and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished. ... {13} Then shall ye know that I [am] the LORD, when their slain [men] shall be among their idols round about their altars [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b], upon every high hill, in all the tops of the mountains, and under every green tree, and under every thick oak, the place where they did offer sweet savour to all their idols.


We also note God’s retribution against His corporate people in verse 14 of  Amos 3:1-3 and 14-16,

Hear this word that the LORD hath spoken against you, O children of Israel, against the whole family which I brought up from the land of Egypt, saying, {2} You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities. {3} Can two walk together, except they be agreed? ... {13} Hear ye, and testify in the house of Jacob, saith the Lord GOD, the God of hosts, {14} That in the day that I shall visit the transgressions of Israel upon him I will also visit the altars [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] of Bethel [aka the House of God]: and the horns of the altar shall be cut off, and fall to the ground. {15} And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall have an end, saith the LORD.

Verse 13 of Malachi 2:11-13 utilizes this word as God further denounces those who identify with the outward expression of the Kingdom of God on earth: 

Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god. {12} The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.  {13} And this have ye done again, covering the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] of the LORD with tears, with weeping, and with crying out, insomuch that he regardeth not the offering any more, or receiveth [it] with good will at your hand.

In Leviticus, Chapter 1 we find our word mentioned no less than 13 times! I will read the entire chapter as this expression is found in verses 5, 7-9, 11-13, and 15-17,

And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, {2} Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, [even] of the herd, and of the flock. {3} If his offering [be] a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD. {4} And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. {5} And he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]  that [is by] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. {6} And he shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces. {7} And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] , and lay the wood in order [`arak:H6186/TWOT 1694] upon the fire: {8} And the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order [`arak:H6186/TWOT 1694]  upon the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]: {9} But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] , [to be] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD. {10} And if his offering [be] of the flocks, [namely], of the sheep, or of the goats, for a burnt sacrifice; he shall bring it a male without blemish. {11} And he shall kill it on the side of the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]  northward before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar. [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]  {12} And he shall cut it into his pieces, with his head and his fat: and the priest shall lay them in order [`arak:H6186/TWOT 1694] on the wood that [is] on the fire which [is] upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]: {13} But he shall wash the inwards and the legs with water: and the priest shall bring [it] all, and burn [it] upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] : it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD. {14} And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the LORD [be] of fowls, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons. {15} And the priest shall bring it unto the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b], and wring off his head, and burn [it] on the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]; and the blood thereof shall be wrung out at the side of the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]: {16} And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and cast it beside the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]  on the east part, by the place of the ashes: {17} And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, [but] shall not divide [it] asunder: and the priest shall burn it upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b], upon the wood that [is] upon the fire: it [is] a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

I would like to draw your attention to the word in order that crops up in verses 7-8 and 12. This is the same word that we find in connection with Abraham sacrificing Isaac in Genesis 22:9, in which this is rendered as and laid in order, referring to the wood, on which Isaac was placed, along with the term altar which is repeated. 

And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b] upon the wood.

Leviticus 6:13 stipulates that the fire was to be continually burning on the altar, in the same way that the lamps that were fueled by pure olive oil were to always remain lit, and the shewbread was to be made fresh every day:

The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar [mizbeach:G4196/TWOT 525b]; it shall never go out.

When the lamp was extinguished, for instance, in 1 Samuel 3:3 it forbade something devastatingly serious - in this case the Light of the Gospel being forever put out in the churches and denominations, worldwide and without exception:

And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God [was], and Samuel was laid down [to sleep];

This and other sinful things that Eli the High Priest and and his two wicked sons were engaged in are listed in 1 Samuel chapters 2-4, and culminate with the profound admission by Eli’s daughter-in-law (Phineas’ wife) under divine inspiration when she learned of the death of her father-in-law and her husband and brother-in-law, and that the Ark of God had been captured by the Philistines, and the Israelites had been routed in the battle. Hearing all of this, her labor pains came upon her and she died giving birth to a son whom she named Ichabod, which signifies the glory has departed as 1 Samuel 4:19-22 records:

And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, [near] to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her. {20} And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son. But she answered not, neither did she regard [it]. {21} And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband. {22} And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken. 

Lord willing, in our next study we will continue researching the rest of verse 20…  that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. 

Judges 13 - Part 36

 August 10, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 36 and today’s date is August 10, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We  are continuing our examination of Judges 13:20 and we have arrived at the word, ascended. I thought that we might focus on this term today, even though we encountered it already in Part 27, in which it appeared in verse 19 as and offered, when Manoah presented the meat offering to the angel of Jehovah. [God the Son]

We only looked at this word in connection with meat offering, but since this is an expression that is primarily rendered as go up, come up, and ascend, it warrants our focus. It is part of an extensive “word-family” that includes 16 derivatives, and is translated in 85 different ways in the Old Testament, so it is indeed quite “pregnant” with spiritual nuances.  

Ascended  [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] עָלָה

Immediately what comes to mind is the idea of resurrection, one of the grand themes of the Bible, especially as God links the word ascended with, in the flame of the altar, which we learned has everything to do with God’s Word (the flame) and the Lord Jesus Christ (typified by the altar). Let’s consider the 16 derivatives (a-m) that stem from this Hebrew shoresh or root (TWOT 1624) as outlined in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, which I think you will find most interesting. Incidentally, in the transcript of today’s study I have included the Hebrew letters and their respective vowel pointings so you can see the similarities and differences in the letters as well as in the vowel pointings, and keep in mind that the vowel pointings themselves are Hebrew words that contain spiritual significance, which we have been discussing in BMI’s monthly Beacon newsletter. In those issues we have been explaining the Hebrew and Greek alphabets, Hebrew vowel pointings, as well as Hebrew accent marks, all of which are Hebrew words that are ripe with spiritual connotations. The Beacon is also on our website (www.bmius.org) and you can view it there or we can send you one monthly, and as always, BMI does not charge for the Beacon or for anything else we make available.

TWOT 1624a Leaf [`aleh:H5930] עָלֶה

The first derivative 1624a, is translated as leaf or branches as the following Scriptures reveal. This shoresh is made up of three letters (reading from right to left): Tzaddi/Lamed/He. Tzaddi is the letter-word for Righteousness. Lamed is the letter-word for teaching or learning. And He is the letter-word for I AM (denoting God’s eternal existence):

In Genesis 3:7 this term is rendered as leaves: And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they [were] naked; and they sewed fig leaves [TWOT 1624a] together, and made themselves aprons.

Likewise Isaiah 64:6 includes this as a leaf:  But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf [TWOT 1624a]; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

Nehemiah 8:15, on the other hand, expresses this as branches five times in conjunction with the Feast of Booths (or Tabernacles): 

And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches [TWOT 1624a], and pine branches [TWOT 1624a], and myrtle branche [TWOT 1624a], and palm branches [TWOT 1624a], and branches [TWOT 1624a] of thick trees, to make booths, as [it is] written.

In describing the child of God who has been made spiritually alive by the Word of God Psalm 1:3 incorporates this word as his leaf: And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf [TWOT 1624a] also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

Isaiah 34 is a chapter that is concerned with our present “day” of Judgment, and in verse 4 we find this expression as the leaf: And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf [TWOT 1624a]  falleth off from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree.

TWOT 1624b Pestle [`eliy:H5940] עֱלִי

The second derivative is only found in one citation, which is Proverbs 27:22, in which it emerges as with a pestle: Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle [TWOT 1624b], [yet] will not his foolishness depart from him.

TWOT 1624c, 1624d Whole Burnt Offering/Ascent [`olah:H5930] עֹלָה

The third and fourth derivatives is a word that we have already encountered having to do with the whole burnt offering, when we were discussing, for example,  the altar that David built and the sacrifices that he offered on it, in the threshing floor that he had purchased from Ornan (Arunah) the Jebusite so the plague could be stopped. Another facet of this term which I did not mention is the fact that it is also expressed as and his ascent in verse 5 of  1 Kings 10:4-7, speaking of how the Queen of Sheba reacted to the reception she received from King Solomon:

And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the house that he had built, {5} And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent [TWOT 1624c, 1624d ] by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her. {6} And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. {7} Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen [it]: and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard.  

TWOT 1624e The Upper [`illiy:H5942]  עִלִּי

The fifth derivative is also only used in Joshua 15:19 and the parallel verse in Judges 1:15 respectively:

Who answered, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper [TWOT 1624e] springs, and the nether springs.

And she said unto him, Give me a blessing: for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper [TWOT 1624e]  springs and the nether springs.

TWOT 1624f  Chamber [`aliya:H5944] עֲלִיָּה

The sixth derivative is predominantly expressed as chamber or parlour as the following Scriptures illustrate:  

We actually ran across this term in verses 20 and 23-25 when we were researching  Judges 3:20-25, regarding how Judge Ehud delivered the Israelites from their Moabite oppressors by killing their King: 

And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour [TWOT 1624f], which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of [his] seat. {21} And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly: {22} And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out. {23} Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour [TWOT 1624f] upon him, and locked them. {24} When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour [TWOT 1624f] [were] locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber. {25} And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour [TWOT 1624f]; therefore they took a key, and opened [them]: and, behold, their lord [was] fallen down dead on the earth.

Here are a few other passages that include this word: 

2 Samuel 18:33 records the tremendous grief that King David experienced upon hearing of the death of Absalom as this historical parable underscores the Biblical principle of loving one’s enemies: 

And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber [TWOT 1624f]  over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!

Verses 10-11 of 2 Kings 4:8-11 records part of a conversation that the woman of Shunem had with her husband: And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where [was] a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And [so] it was, [that] as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread. {9} And she said unto her husband, Behold now, I perceive that this [is] an holy man of God, which passeth by us continually. {10} Let us make a little chamber [TWOT 1624f], I pray thee, on the wall; and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a stool, and a candlestick: and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither. {11} And it fell on a day, that he came thither, and he turned into the chamber [TWOT 1624f], and lay there.

Verse 11 of 1 Chronicles 28:9-13  includes this expression as David formally delegates the “blueprints” of the Temple that God had entrusted to him to give to Solomon, whom God had chosen to build the Temple. As I have stated previously, the foundation of the Temple was the precise location of the altar in the threshing floor of Ornan (Arunah) the Jebusite, when the plague was stopped; it was also where Abraham was called upon to sacrifice Isaac over 1000 years earlier, and by “fast-forwarding” approximately 1000 years into the future, Christ would hang on the Cross outside the city gates of Jerusalem in 33 AD:  

And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. {10} Take heed now; for the LORD hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do [it]. {11} Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers [TWOT 1624f] thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat, {12} And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things: {13} Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of the LORD, and for all the vessels of service in the house of the LORD.

Let’s consider two other references found in the beautiful imagery of Psalm 104:3-13, in verse 3 and 13:  

Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty. {2} Who coverest [thyself] with light as [with] a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain: {3} Who layeth the beams of his chambers [TWOT 1624f]  in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind: {4} Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire: {5} [Who] laid the foundations of the earth, [that] it should not be removed for ever. {6} Thou coveredst it with the deep as [with] a garment: the waters stood above the mountains. {7} At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away. {8} They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them. {9} Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth. {10} He sendeth the springs into the valleys, [which] run among the hills. {11} They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst. {12} By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, [which] sing among the branches. {13} He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works. {13} He watereth the hills from his chambers [TWOT 1624f] : the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.

We do have to stop here, as we are almost out of time, but since we still have 10 more derivatives to consider, we will need a few more lessons to accomplish that, Lord permitting.

Judges 13 - Part 37

 August 12, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 37 and today’s date is August 12, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have landed on the term, ascended, in verse 20, and in our last lesson we began investigating the 16 derivatives of this Hebrew shoresh or root as outlined in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT). As I mentioned previously the beauty of the TWOT lies in the fact that you can see at-a-glance all the derivatives associated within a particular “word-family.” What this does is to save you time, which is a very valuable commodity when it comes to Bible study, so more time can be spent studying verses, as opposed to trying to find where they are located, as these derivatives are often spelled differently and have different Strong’s numbers. As I did in Part 36,  I will mention both the TWOT # as well as the Strong’s number for each derivative that we will be looking at. At the close of our last study I said that we would have 11 more words to examine; in actuality there are but 10, so please note that correction.

TWOT 1624g High(er)/-est [ʿelyôn:H5945] עֹלָה

The seventh derivative is a word that is rendered primarily as High, higher or highest, as these next Scriptures illustrate:

Let’s begin by going to verse 17 of Genesis 40:16-19. The context has to do with Joseph’s interpretation of the chief baker’s dream which was certainly not what he wanted to hear; this term is translated, And in the uppermost:  

When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he said unto Joseph, I also [was] in my dream, and, behold, [I had] three white baskets on my head: {17} And in the uppermost [TWOT 1624g] basket [there was] of all manner of bakemeats for Pharaoh; and the birds did eat them out of the basket upon my head. {18} And Joseph answered and said, This [is] the interpretation thereof: The three baskets [are] three days: {19} Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.

In 2 Chronicles 7:21 God is intimating that His judgment will commence at His own house first (as 1 Peter 4:17 declares), in which this word is rendered high: And this house, which is high [TWOT 1624g], shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?

Similarly, verse 2 of Ezekiel 9:1-7 expresses this same theme of judgment as well, and rendering this  of the higher: He cried also in mine ears with a loud voice, saying, Cause them that have charge over the city to draw near, even every man [with] his destroying weapon in his hand. {2} And, behold, six men came from the way of the higher [TWOT 1624g] gate, which lieth toward the north, and every man a slaughter weapon in his hand; and one man among them [was] clothed with linen, with a writer's inkhorn by his side: and they went in, and stood beside the brasen altar. {3} And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub, whereupon he was, to the threshold of the house. And he called to the man clothed with linen, which [had] the writer's inkhorn by his side; {4} And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof. {5} And to the others he said in mine hearing, Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity: {6} Slay utterly old [and] young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom [is] the mark; and begin at my sanctuary. Then they began at the ancient men which [were] before the house. {7} And he said unto them, Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go ye forth. And they went forth, and slew in the city.

Psalm 89:27 points to the Savior as the firstborn from the dead, or first begotten of the dead which has to do with His resurrection from death and annihilation at…the foundation of the world, when He secured the salvation of all within the Body of Christ: 

Also I will make him [my] firstborn, higher [TWOT 1624g]  than the kings of the earth.

This doctrine of the Lamb slain also surfaces in two New Testament Scriptures as well - Colossians 1:18 and Revelation 1:5 respectively:  

And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.

And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, [aka, life]

TWOT 1624h Most High [ʿelyôwn:H5945] עֹלָה

The eighth derivative is identically spelled to the seventh, but is actually one of God’s many Names, and appears as the familiar Title, Most High, as these next citations reveal:

In Genesis 14:18-20 this Name appears three times (pointing to the purpose of God) in this exchange between Abraham and Melchisedec (Who is the Lord Jesus Christ): 

And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high [TWOT 1624h] God. {19} And he blessed him, and said, Blessed [be] Abram of the most high [TWOT 1624h]  God, possessor of heaven and earth: {20} And blessed be the most high [TWOT 1624h] God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

In Numbers 24:16, speaking of the wicked soothsayer, Balaam, this also appears as of the most High: He hath said, which heard the words of God, and knew the knowledge of the most High [TWOT 1624h], [which] saw the vision of the Almighty, falling [into a trance], but having his eyes open:

Deuteronomy 32:8 underscores this Name as well:  When the most High [TWOT 1624h] divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel.

Psalm 9:2 includes this as O thou most High: I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High. [TWOT 1624h] 

Psalm 47:2 includes this expression, linking it with Jehovah:  For the LORD most high [TWOT 1624h] [is] terrible; [he is] a great King over all the earth.

This Psalm 83:18 uses both of these Titles too: That [men] may know that thou, whose name alone [is] JEHOVAH, [art] the most high [TWOT 1624h]  over all the earth.

By contrast, one of the most heinous and infamous assertions in all the Bible is uttered by the father of lies in Isaiah 14:14; please note the use of our root word, I will ascend that all of these derivatives which we have been researching, stem from:  

I will ascend [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. [TWOT 1624h]  

Lastly, Psalm 91:9 is a most comforting and reassuring promise for each of God’s true saints, and once again God connects Jehovah with the most High: Because thou hast made the LORD, [which is] my refuge, [even] the most High,[H5945] thy habitation;

TWOT 1624i With Lifting Up [mo`al:H4607]  מֹעַל

The ninth derivative is only found in one verse, in the middle of a passage, which is highly significant having to do with the worship of God, and found in verse 6 of Nehemiah 8:1-8 that takes place during the Feast of Tabernacles (or Feast of the Bible that God’s elect have been commemorating spiritually since September 7, 1994); this term is translated with lifting up. Please note that verse 8 is the Hebrew equivalent of 1 Corinthians 2:13, pertaining to God’s own methodology for studying His Word:

And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that [was] before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel. {2} And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month. {3} And he read therein before the street that [was] before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people [were attentive] unto the book of the law. {4} And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, [and] Meshullam. {5} And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up: {6} And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up [TWOT 1624i] their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with [their] faces to the ground. {7} Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people [stood] in their place. {8} So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading.

TWOT 1624j Up [ma`aleh:H4608] מַעֲלֶה

The tenth derivative appears predominantly as up (indicating an ascent) and is translated five other ways as well, in the 18 Scriptures in which it is found. Here are a few examples:

We ran across this expression when we were studying Gideon in Judges 8:13, in which it is rendered before:

And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before [TWOT 1624j] the sun [was up],

2 Samuel 15:30 takes place as David has to flee Jerusalem because of the coup that his son Absalom staged against him in this historical parable, in which this word emerges as by the ascent:  And David went up by the ascent [TWOT 1624j]  of [mount] Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that [was] with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

Verse 16 of 2 Chronicles 20:14- is a partial description of the battle of Jehoshaphat that is taking place spiritually today in our current “day” of judgment; this term is included as by the cliff, and please note the emphasis that God’s people were not to fight, BUT TO SING AND WORSHIP GOD: 

Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation; {15} And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle [is] not yours, but God's. {16} To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel. {17} Ye shall not [need] to fight in this [battle]: set yourselves, stand ye [still], and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD [will be] with you. {18} And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with [his] face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD. {19} And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high. {20} And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. 

{21} And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever. {22} And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

Lord willing, in our next study, we will continue examining some more of these derivatives that stem from this word, ascended, in Judges 13:20. 

Judges 13 - Part 38

 August 15, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 38 and today’s date is August 15, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have landed on the term, ascended, in verse 20, and in our last lesson we continued our investigation of the 16 derivatives of this Hebrew shoresh or root as outlined in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT). As I mentioned previously the beauty of the TWOT lies in the fact that you can see at-a-glance all the derivatives associated within a particular “word-family.” What this does is to save you time, which is a very valuable commodity when it comes to Bible study, so more time can be spent studying verses, as opposed to trying to find where they are located, as these derivatives are often spelled differently and have different Strong’s numbers. As I did in Parts 36 and 37,  I will mention both the TWOT # as well as the Strong’s number for each derivative that we will be looking at. We left off at the expression 1624k, which corresponds to H4605.

1624k  Lifting Up [ma`al:H4605]  מַעַל

The eleventh derivative is primarily rendered as upward or above, but here again it is translated to a lesser degree as the following:  high, exceedingly, upon , very, forward ,above, and over.  Here are some of the ways that God utilizes this word:

Genesis 22 cropped up a few times in some of the previous derivatives that we looked at, and in verse 9 this is translated as upon: And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon [1624k/ma`al:H4605] the wood.

This is also the case in Genesis 6:16 with regard to the window in Noah’s Ark as it above: A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above [1624k/ma`al:H4605]; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; [with] lower, second, and third [stories] shalt thou make it.

In Isaiah 45:8 in the context of salvation this is rendered as from above:  Drop down, ye heavens, from above [1624k/ma`al:H4605], and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.

By contrast, Jeremiah 4:28 utilizes this word in reference to judgment: For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above [1624k/ma`al:H4605] be black: because I have spoken [it], I have purposed [it], and will not repent, neither will I turn back from it.

In Ezekiel 8:2 the Lord Jesus Christ is in view, in which this word appears as even upward: Then I beheld, and lo a likeness as the appearance of fire: from the appearance of his loins even downward, fire; and from his loins even upward [1624k/ma`al:H4605], as the appearance of brightness, as the colour of amber.

Judges 7:13 renders this as and overturned: And when Gideon was come, behold, [there was] a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned [1624k/ma`al:H4605] it, that the tent lay along.

1 Samuel 16:13 describes the anointing of David by Samuel, as God instructed;  Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. [1624k/ma`al:H4605]  So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.

In 2 Chronicles 17:12 this word is expressed as exceedingly in describing good King Jehoshaphat’s reign: And Jehoshaphat waxed great exceedingly [1624k/ma`al:H4605]; and he built in Judah castles, and cities of store.

1624l  The Things That Come (i.e., thoughts) [ma`alah:H4609]  מַעֲלָה

The twelfth and thirteenth derivative share the same Strong’s number (and they are spelled alike) even though the twelfth has a specific nuance having to do with one’s thoughts, and is only found in Ezekiel 11:5, in which it is translated as the things that come (referring to one’s mind or thoughts): 

And the Spirit of the LORD fell upon me, and said unto me, Speak; Thus saith the LORD; Thus have ye said, O house of Israel: for I know the things that come [1624l / ma`alah:H4609]  into your mind, [every one of] them.

1624m  Degree/Steps [ma`alah:H4609]    מַעֲלָה

The thirteenth derivative, as I mentioned shares the same Strong’s number (unfortunately, as this is confusing, but all these tools have their pros and cons) as the twelfth one, but the thirteenth denotes something completely different - that of degree (think Songs of degrees) and steps, stairs, dial (as in sun-dial) and stories for the most part, as these next citations illustrate: 

In Exodus 20:26 this word appears as by steps: Neither shalt thou go up by steps [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

1 Kings 10:19-20 is a description of King Solomon’s magnificent throne in which this word is translated as steps:  (Bear in mind that he is a grand representative of  the Lord Jesus Christ - The Prince of Peace -  even as his name, Solomon, is derived from the term peace or shalowm.) 

The throne had six steps [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] and the top of the throne [was] round behind: and [there were] stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays. {20} And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps [1624m /ma`alah:H4609]: there was not the like made in any kingdom.

2 Kings 20:9-11 is the miraculous account of the sun-dial going backwards as a sign to good King Hezekiah that he would be healed; this expression surfaces seven times as either degrees, or by (spell it) in the dial: 

And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] , or go back ten degrees [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] ? {10} And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] : nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] . {11} And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees  backward, by [1624m /ma`alah:H4609]  which it had gone down in the dial [1624m /ma`alah:H4609]  of Ahaz.

Once again in Psalm 127:1 this is rendered as of degrees: [A Song of degrees [1624m /ma`alah:H4609]  for Solomon.] Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh [but] in vain.

However in Amos 9:6 our word crops us as his stories: [It is] he that buildeth his stories [1624m /ma`alah:H4609] in the heaven, and hath founded his troop in the earth; he that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD [is] his name.

1624n  Conduit/Trench [t@`alah:H8585]  תְּעָלָה

Although the fourteenth and fifteenth derivatives share the same Strong’s number, as with the twelfth and thirteenth, they carry different spiritual implications. The fourteenth  is rendered as conduit, trench, watercourse, and little rivers, as the following references maintain:

1 Kings 18 has to do with the contest between Elijah and the prophets of Baal, in which this term emerges as trench three times (pointing to the purpose of God) in verses 32, 35, and 38: 

And with the stones he built an altar in the name of the LORD: and he made a trench [1624n/t@`alah:H8585] about the altar, as great as would contain two measures of seed. ... {35} And the water ran round about the altar; and he filled the trench [1624n/t@`alah:H8585] also with water. ... {38} Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that [was] in the trench. [1624n/t@`alah:H8585]  

But in Job 38:25 this is expressed as a watercourse, as God continues to question Job in this multi-chapter interrogation:  Who hath divided a watercourse [1624n/t@`alah:H8585] for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;

Ezekiel 31:4 presents this as her little rivers:  The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers [1624n/t@`alah:H8585]  unto all the trees of the field.

1624o  Healing/Cured [t@`alah:H8585]  תְּעָלָה

The fifteenth derivative appears as either healing or cured in Jeremiah 30:13 and 46:11 respectively having to do with God’s judgment beginng at His own house first:

Jeremiah 30:13 declares: [There is] none to plead thy cause, that thou mayest be bound up: thou hast no healing [1624n/t@`alah:H8585]  medicines.

Jeremiah 46:11 similarly affirms: Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; [for] thou shalt not be cured. [1624n/t@`alah:H8585] 

Let’s stop here. We do have one last derivative (#16) to consider but I think I’ll wait until our next study to undertake that, as we do not have enough time today, Lord willing.

Judges 13 - Part 39

August 17, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching For The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 39 and today’s date is August 17, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Over the course of these last few studies we have been looking at the derivatives of the Hebrew “word-family” pertaining to the word, ascended, in Judges 13:20. The 16th derivative is the last one that we will now consider, and then we will proceed to the rest of verse 20.

1624p  Above [`al:H5920] עַל

This expression is similar to 1624g and h, which you may recall was translated as high and  Most high. This word is also rendered above primarily, but also as most High, and on high, as the following references indicate. It can also be used as a preposition or conjunction, which corresponds to H5921, which we will not be considering today so we can move on to the rest of verse 20.

Verse 1 of 2 Samuel 23:1-7 includes this term as on high:

Now these [be] the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man [who was] raised up on high [1624p/`al:H5920], the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, {2} The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue. {3} The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God. {4} And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain. {5} Although my house [be] not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all [things], and sure: for [this is] all my salvation, and all [my] desire, although he make [it] not to grow. {6} But [the sons] of Belial [shall be] all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: {7} But the man [that] shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the [same] place.

The next entry is in verse 4 of  Psalm 50:1-15, [A Psalm of Asaph.] The mighty God, [even] the LORD, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof. {2} Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined. {3} Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round about him. {4} He shall call to the heavens from above [1624p/`al:H5920] and to the earth, that he may judge his people. {5} Gather my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice. {6} And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God [is] judge himself. Selah. {7} Hear, O my people, and I will speak; O Israel, and I will testify against thee: I [am] God, [even] thy God. {8} I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, [to have been] continually before me. {9} I will take no bullock out of thy house, [nor] he goats out of thy folds. {10} For every beast of the forest [is] mine, [and] the cattle upon a thousand hills. {11} I know all the fowls of the mountains: and the wild beasts of the field [are] mine. {12} If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world [is] mine, and the fulness thereof. 13 Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? {14} Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High: {15} And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.

Verse 16 of Hosea 7:1-16 expresses this as to the Most High in this chapter in which God denounces His corporate people: When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, [and] the troop of robbers spoileth without. {2} And they consider not in their hearts [that] I remember all their wickedness: now their own doings have beset them about; they are before my face. {3} They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies. {4} They [are] all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, [who] ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened. {5} In the day of our king the princes have made [him] sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners. {6} For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire. {7} They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: [there is] none among them that calleth unto me. {8} Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned. {9} Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth [it] not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not. {10} And the pride of Israel testifieth to his face: and they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek him for all this. {11} Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria. {12} When they shall go, I will spread my net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation hath heard. {13} Woe unto them! for they have fled from me: destruction unto them! because they have transgressed against me: though I have redeemed them, yet they have spoken lies against me. {14} And they have not cried unto me with their heart, when they howled upon their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, [and] they rebel against me. {15} Though I have bound [and] strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against me. {16} They return, [but] not to the most High [1624p/`al:H5920]: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this [shall be] their derision in the land of Egypt.

The last passage in which this word appears is in verse 7 of Hosea 11:1-7 as the most High.  Once again God pinpoints the rebellion of His corporate entity:

When Israel [was] a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt. {2} [As] they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed unto Baalim, and burned incense to graven images. {3} I taught Ephraim also to go, taking them by their arms; but they knew not that I healed them. {4} I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them. {5} He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return. {6} And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour [them], because of their own counsels. {7} And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High [1624p/`al:H5920], none at all would exalt [him].

Please note the parabolic nature of verse 1 that also applies to the Savior when Mary and Joseph had to flee to Egypt, in obedience to God’s command, as Herod was bent on putting the Savior to death, according to Matthew 2:13-15,

And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. {14} When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: {15} And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.  

Let’s now turn our attention to the second half  of verse 20… For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground.

Since we have already discussed the Hebrew verb looked on or appeared in verses 3, 10, 19 (and we will encounter it again in verses 21-23), let’s examine the terms in the phrase,

And Fell [naphal:H5307/TWOT 1392]…Their Faces [paniym:H6440/TWOT 1782a]…To The Ground [’erets:H776/TWOT 167]

We have considered these accounts in some of our previous studies, but it might be helpful to review these again, as this should be the spiritual posture that all of God’s sheep need to emulate in our own lives:

Genesis 44:14 records the physical fulfillment of one of Joseph’s dreams, following the discovery of the silver cup in Benjamin’s sack: And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for he [was] yet there: and they fell [naphal:H5307/TWOT 1392] before him [paniym:H6440/TWOT 1782a] on the ground. [’erets:H776/TWOT 167]

We see this as well as Christ appears as a warrior (The LORD [is] a Man of war… Exodus 15:3 ) to Joshua in verse 14 of  Joshua 5:13-15

And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, [Art] thou for us, or for our adversaries? {14} And he said, Nay; but [as] captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell [naphal:H5307/TWOT 1392] on his face [paniym:H6440/TWOT 1782a] to the earth [’erets:H776/TWOT 167], and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? {15} And the captain of the LORD'S host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest [is] holy. And Joshua did so.

Verse 10 of Ruth 2:8-12 includes these terms in this beautiful dialogue between Boaz (Christ) and Ruth the Moabitess (the elect):

Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens: {9} [Let] thine eyes [be] on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of [that] which the young men have drawn.{10} Then she fell [naphal:H5307/TWOT 1392] on her face [paniym:H6440/TWOT 1782a], and bowed herself to the ground [’erets:H776/TWOT 167], and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I [am] a stranger? {11} And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and [how] thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. {12} The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. {13} Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens.

1 Samuel 25:23 involves the incident in which Nabal’s wife seeks to do “damage control” regarding her husband’s abject foolishness and hard-heartedness towards David’s servants and towards David (Christ) himself, and in so doing prevented a needless catastrophe from taking place:

And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell [naphal:H5307/TWOT 1392] before David on her face [paniym:H6440/TWOT 1782a], and bowed herself to the ground, [’erets:H776/TWOT 167]

The last citation is in verse 18 of 2 Chronicles 20:17-21,  which is taking place spiritually in our present “day” of judgment, revealing what God’s saints are to do during this most unique time; these terms appear as to the ground, fell, and before (instead of face):

Ye shall not [need] to fight in this [battle]: set yourselves, stand ye [still], and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD [will be] with you. {18} And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with [his] face to the ground [’erets:H776/TWOT 167]: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell [naphal:H5307/TWOT 1392] before [paniym:H6440/TWOT 1782a] the LORD, worshipping the LORD. {19} And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high. {20} And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. {21} And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever. {22} And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will proceed to verse 21.

Judges 13 - Part 40

August 19, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching For The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 40 and today’s date is August 19, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 21 in our ongoing study of the book of Judges, and the only two terms that we have not considered in some of our earlier studies are: did no and more:

Did No [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064]  & More [yacaph:H3254/TWOT* 876]

The expression more conveys to add, increase, or do again. In fact, one of its derivatives is the name of Joseph as noted in Genesis 30:22-24, in which this word is translated shall add in verse 24, in which Rachel, under divine inspiration, names her 11th son:

And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb. {23} And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away my reproach: {24} And she called his name Joseph [Yowceph:H3130/TWOT 876a]; and said, The LORD shall add [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] to me another son.

In fact in speaking to his half-brothers regarding Benjamin, Joseph makes this ultimatum to them in Genesis 44:23, in which this is rendered as you, ye shall no more, which includes the negative particle no, just as in Judges 13:21,  

And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] see [H0] my face no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] more. [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876]

By the way, the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament does contain a few notable names like Joseph in this case, but in general, proper names are not included. 

Amos 8:2 is a historical parable in which God is declaring that judgment must begin at His own house first: 

And he said, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, A basket of summer fruit. Then said the LORD unto me, The end is come upon my people of Israel; I will not [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] again [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] pass by them any more.

This same theme of judgment is in view in another historical parable in Hosea 1:6, along with the negative particle, I will no again: 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And [God] said unto him, Call her name Loruhamah: for I will no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] more [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away.

You might recall the usage of the refrain, And the children of Israel did evil again repeatedly in the book of Judges, in which our word is rendered again. One illustration of this is Judges 10:6, 

And the children of Israel did evil again [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

By contrast, Nahum 1:15 speaks of the completion of God’s Holy Temple comprised of all His elect, which took place on May 21, 2011, in which both of these terms, shall no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] and more surface together once again: 

Behold upon the mountains the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace! O Judah, keep thy solemn feasts, perform thy vows: for the wicked shall no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] more [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876]  pass through thee; he is utterly cut off.

Another familiar statement that occurs regularly in the Old Testament, and which takes on an oath-like quality, is found in Ruth’s touching words to her mother-in-law Naomi, by the phrase …Jehovah do so to me, and more also… To me, and more  is how our word is expressed in verse 17 of Ruth 1:16-17,

And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, [or] to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people [shall be] my people, and thy God my God: {17} Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] also, [if ought] but death part thee and me.

The following citations offer some more examples of how God uses these two tiny words to project tremendous spiritual connotations:

 

Verse 6 of Proverbs 30:4-6 presents one of the most significant warnings in all of Scripture, in which this term is included as add: 

Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what [is] his name, and what [is] his son's name, if thou canst tell? {5} Every word of God [is] pure: he [is] a shield unto them that put their trust in him. {6} Add [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.

Similarly, Deuteronomy 4:2 reiterates this warning: Ye shall not add [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish [ought] from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.

This commandment is also repeated at the end of God’s Word in Revelation 22:18-19, regarding not just adding, but taking away, both of which are equally sinful: 

For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add [epitithemi:G2007] unto these things, God shall add [epitithemi:G2007] unto him the plagues that are written in this book: {19} And if any man shall take away [aphaireo:G851] from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away [aphaireo:G851] his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and [from] the things which are written in this book.

Verse 34 of Exodus 9:27-35 translates this word as yet more with respect to Pharaoh’s sin:

And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD [is] righteous, and I and my people [are] wicked. {28} Intreat the LORD (for [it is] enough) that there be no [more] mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer. {29} And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; [and] the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth [is] the LORD'S. {30} But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God. {31} And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled. {32} But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they [were] not grown up. {33} And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth. {34} And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876], and hardened his heart, he and his servants. {35} And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.

This is also the case in two other references involving both Moses as well as Pharaoh in Exodus 10:28-29 and 14:13 respectively, in which the negative particle emerges as well:

And Pharaoh said unto him, Get thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no more [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876]; for in [that] day thou seest my face thou shalt die. {29} And Moses said, Thou hast spoken well, I will see thy face again [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] more… {14:13} And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] more [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876]  for ever.

This expression, again, is also found in 1 Samuel 3:8 as God began communicating with Samuel at a very early age, and informed him of His judgment against His own house first, since chapters 2-4 are another historical parable regarding this ominous theme:  

And the LORD called Samuel again [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, Here [am] I; for thou didst call me. And Eli perceived that the LORD had called the child.

Samuel, by God’s grace, was a child of God, and the last Judge, and is identified as wise, since that epithet can be applied to every true elect Christian, in the same way that fools characterize the non-elect. Proverbs 1:5 is a Scripture that talks about the wise and their attitude and lifestyle; our word crops up as will increase: 

A wise man will hear, and will increase [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876]  learning [aka: doctrine]; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels:

As you might have noticed this word is employed in a variety of different contexts, and here are two more for you to take note of:

Verse 3 of Deuteronomy 25:1-3 translates this as exceed along with the negative particle, as in Judges 13:21, along with some other passages that we have visited today. Verse 3 is also a key passage that helps the child of God to understand that when the Bible speaks of “hell,” it signifies the grave and annihilation - and NOT eternal torture, as laid out in BMI’s series on Annihilation Or Eternal Suffering.

If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that [the judges] may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked. {2} And it shall be, if the wicked man [be] worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number.{3} Forty stripes he may give him, [and] not [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] exceed [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876]:  lest, [if] he should exceed [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876], and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.

The last, but by no means the least, notice that we want to examine today is in Jonah 2:4, which is a historical parable relating to Christ’s atonement at… the foundation of the world, and typified by Jonah in the belly (aka: womb) of hell, which is the grave, but then there is the expectation and hope of the resurrection which is in view in this verse, in which our word surfaces as again:  

Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again [yacaph:H3254/TWOT 876] toward thy holy temple.

That is a most comforting verse by which to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will proceed to verse 22.

Judges 13 - Part 41

August 24, 2022

‍Good evening, and welcome to Searching For The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 41 and today’s date is August 24, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 22, which states:  And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

We Shall Surely Die [muwth:H4191/TWOT* 1169]

The phrase We shall surely die is a duplication of the Hebrew word for death. It is the identical structure found in Genesis 2:17 and 3:4, which literally reads as dying, thou shalt die. As you can imagine, this verb, to die, is found frequently in the Old Testament, but it does not necessarily include this doubling of the word. However in this study the references that are included do have this duplication. 

But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] die [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] …. {3:4} And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] die [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]:

We have correctly understood that Adam and Eve did not die immediately, and so one might wrongly assume that the serpent was correct. However, the truth is that the serpent lied, since he is the father of lies (John 8:44) because that day Adam and Eve and all mankind died spiritually, since the wages of sin is death. (Romans 6:23) Not only was manklind cursed with the penalty of sin which is death and annihilation, but the entire universe was cursed, necessitating its destruction which will occur on the very last day of this present, prolonged, “day” of judgment, as 2 Peter 3:7-13 states:

But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. {9} The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

 {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

In Deuteronomy 17:6 we find a law that God gave, to insure on a historical level, that justice would be served by requiring the presence of two or three witnesses, in order to avoid falsely accusing someone unlawfully: 

At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]; [but] at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death. [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] 

Spiritually, we recognize that the two or three witnesses relate to the Word of God (and by extension the Trinity) which has the power to forgive and give spiritual life during the “day” of salvation, or by contrast, spiritual death (which all deserve by nature). This is why we read in verse 12 of  Hebrews 4:12-13  that it is a twoedged sword:

 For the word of God [is] quick [“living”], and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. {13} Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. 

Genesis 20 is the account in which Abraham and Sarah are in Gerar, and the king of Gerar, Abimelech, took Sarah into his harem, since they had told him they were brother and sister. However God gave this warning to Abimelech in a dream one night; I'll read verses 3-7;

But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man's wife. {4} But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, Lord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation? {5} Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, He is my brother: in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done this. {6} And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her. {7} Now therefore restore the man [his] wife; for he [is] a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore [her] not, know thou that thou shalt surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: die [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: thou, and all that [are] thine.

Curiously, the same incident happened to Isaac and Rebekah in Genesis 26:11, And Abimelech charged all [his] people, saying, He that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death. [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]

There are many chapters in the Bible that speak of the death penalty for various trasgressions of the Law of God, keeping in mind the admonition in 1 John 3:4 which explains the definition for sin:

 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 

We also see this, for example, in Leviticus 20:2, 9-13, 15-16, and  27,

Again, thou shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever [he be] of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth [any] of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: the people of the land shall stone him with stones. ... {9} For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood [shall be] upon him. {10} And the man that committeth adultery with [another] man's wife, [even he] that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  be put to death. [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  {11} And the man that lieth with his father's wife hath uncovered his father's nakedness: both of them shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169];  their blood [shall be] upon them. {12} And if a man lie with his daughter in law, both of them shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: they have wrought confusion; their blood [shall be] upon them. {13} If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]; their blood [shall be] upon them. ... {15} And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: and ye shall slay the beast. {16} And if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast: they shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]; their blood [shall be] upon them. ... {27} A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] be put to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]: they shall stone them with stones: their blood [shall be] upon them.

Another historical parable that includes these two expressions is found in the account of the two harlots and a dead baby, which Solomon judged in verses 26-27 of 1 Kings 3,  

Then spake the woman whose the living child [was] unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] slay [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, [but] divide [it]. {27} Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169] slay [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  it: she [is] the mother thereof. 

Jeremiah was given the task of announcing to Judah that they were to submit to the Babylonians or be destroyed by that mighty nation, as God employed them to bring retribution against His corporate people for their manifold sins in verses 8 and 19 of  Jeremiah 26. Jeremiah was considered to be a traitor and despised:

Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all that the LORD had commanded [him] to speak unto all the people, that the priests and the prophets and all the people took him, saying, Thou shalt surely [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  die [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]…  {19} Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah put him at all [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]  to death [muwth:H4191/TWOT 1169]? did he not fear the LORD, and besought the LORD, and the LORD repented him of the evil which he had pronounced against them? Thus might we procure great evil against our souls. 

We have to conclude this study, as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next study, we will look at the second half of verse 22.