Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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Judges 13 - Part 21

 June 27, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 21 and today’s date is June 27, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:14-25,

She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe. {15} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

In our previous study, I mentioned that we would be examining some other aspects of the Nazarite vow as it either relates or does not relate to Samson.

A Nazarite Was Not To Touch A Dead Body

The angel of Jehovah did not mention the prohibition of touching a dead body to Samson parents, even though this is included in the stipulations of the Nazarite vow in Numbers 6:6 and 9-12; the latter verses outline the protocol for one who did come in contact with a dead body:

All the days that he separateth [himself] unto the LORD he shall come at no dead body. ... {9} And if any man die very suddenly by him, and he hath defiled the head of his consecration; then he shall shave his head in the day of his cleansing, on the seventh day shall he shave it. {10} And on the eighth day he shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons, to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: {11} And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, and make an atonement for him, for that he sinned by the dead, and shall hallow his head that same day. {12} And he shall consecrate unto the LORD the days of his separation, and shall bring a lamb of the first year for a trespass offering: but the days that were before shall be lost, because his separation was defiled.

Spiritually, we recognize that Christ as the perfect Nazarite became unclean in the atonement at …the foundation of the world. This is why we read this astounding admission in 2 Corinthians 5:21,

For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Christ became spiritually defiled and as such was subject to the penalty for sin which is death and annihilation, according to Romans 6:23,

For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Isaiah 53:10-12 also acknowledges: Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. {11} He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. {12} Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Jonah 2:1-6 is a dramatic spiritual portrait of Christ in the belly (or womb) of hell, even as the Savior alluded to this in Matthew 12:40, 

For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly, {2} And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice. {3} For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me. {4} Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple. {5} The waters compassed me about, [even] to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head. {6} I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars [was] about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, [shachath:H7845/TWOT* 2342 1c; 2370d] O LORD my God.

From Corruption [shachath:H7845/TWOT 2342 1c; 2370d]

 The word from corruption is found 23 times in the Old Testament, and helps us to gain a deeper appreciation of the wrath of God – which is death – that the Lord Jesus was subjected to, prior to creation. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

Another one of those 23 references is found in Psalm 16:10, which, by the way, is also quoted in Acts 2:27 and 31: 

For thou wilt not leave my soul [nephesh:H5315] in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption [shachath:H7845].

Acts 2:27 actually quotes Psalm 16:10 word for word, while Acts 2:31 provides us with a commentary regarding its spiritual significance:

Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption [diaphthora:H1312]…{31} He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

The Greek word that is translated “corruption” (diaphthora:G1312) in Acts 2:27 and 2:31 is only found four other times in Acts 13:34-37. The fact that Christ’s soul was not left in hell, and did not experience “corruption” indicates that it was left in hell (temporarily – since He rose from the dead – being greater than death) and that His flesh did experience corruption (or destruction) prior to Creation – not in 33 AD – since His body did not undergo any type of decay at that time, according to Acts 2:29-31, 

Men [and] brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. {30} Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; {31} He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption [diaphthora:H1312].

As I just indicated, this is also corroborated in Acts 13:34-37; I will read verses 32-37 in order to pick up the context: 

  1. And we declare unto you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made unto the fathers, {33} God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. {34} And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption [diaphthora:H1312], he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David. {35} Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption [diaphthora:H1312]. {36} For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption [diaphthora:H1312]:{37} But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption [diaphthora:H1312].

The following are some additional passages which contain the Hebrew word rendered “corruption” (shachath:H7845) in Jonah 2:6, 

Psalm 49:6-9 maintains: They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; {7} None [of them] can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him: {8} (For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever:) {9} That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption [shachath:H7845].

In Job 17:14-16, Job (a picture of Christ Himself) acknowledges, I have said to corruption [shachath:H7845], Thou art my father: to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister. {15} And where is now my hope? as for my hope, who shall see it? {16} They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust.

Other Meanings For The Word Nazarite [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b]

We have seen that the Nazarite signifies to be separated or consecrated to the service of God, according to Numbers 6:2 (along with verses 3,5-6, and 12): Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When either man or woman shall separate [themselves] to vow a vow of a Nazarite [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b], to separate [nazar:H5144/TWOT 1340] [themselves] unto the LORD:

Additionally, we discovered that the term Nazarite is used in conjunction with prophets, or God’s elect, who declare the Word of God according to Amos 2:11-12, 

And I raised up of your sons for prophets, and of your young men for Nazarites. [Is it] not even thus, O ye children of Israel? saith the LORD. {12} But ye gave the Nazarites  [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b] wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.

Another spiritual portrait of the Nazarites appears in Lamentations 4:7,

Her Nazarites [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b]  were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing [was] of sapphire:

Crown [nezer:H5145/TWOT 1340a]

There is another related word in this particular Nazarite word-family which is translated crown. It surfaces, among other places, in Exodus 29:5-6 with regard to Aaron the High Priest’s crown, as well as in 2 Chronicles 23:11 when young Joash was crowned king:

And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod: {6} And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown [nezer:H5145/TWOT 1340a] upon the mitre.

Then they brought out the king’s son, and put upon him the crown [nezer:H5145/TWOT 1340a], and gave him the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.

So the Hebrew word for crown that Aaron the High Priest had on his head is the word Nazarite, even as King Joash was given a royal crown. Moreover, the Nazarites identify with God’s elect and as such are prophets who declare the Word of God. Think of each of these offices - Prophet, Priest, and King - and what do they remind you of? In the first place they are emblematic of the LOrd Jesus Christ, Who holds all three of these titles. But are not God’s elect also prophets, priests, and kings, by merit of the Work and Faith of Christ in salvation?

Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will proceed to examine verse 15, And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee.

Judges 13 - Part 22

 June 29, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 22 and today’s date is June 29, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:14-25,

She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe. {15} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 15 of this chapter, in which Manoah requests that the Man stay so that he and his wife can show him hospitality, by preparing a meal for him; in verse 16 we learn that Manoah did not realize that the Man was the angel of Jehovah. We have already considered some of the words and phrases in this verse, except for let us detain and the two words: thee, until we shall have made ready along with a kid which we will examine together.  

Let Us Detain [`atsar:H6113/TWOT* 1675] 

This expression, Let us detain, surfaces 45 other times in a variety of ways, but primarily as shut up or stayed, as the following citations reveal:

We are going to see it in verse 16 of this chapter as well, in which it is rendered as thou detain, as the angel of Jehovah replies to Manoah’s request: 

And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain [`atsar:H6113/TWOT 1675] me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD.

These next three passages are related to child-bearing:

Verse 2 of Genesis 16:1-6 chronicles what transpired between Abram and Sarai, and Sarai’s Egyptian handmaid, Hagar; this word is translated as hath restrained me: Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name [was] Hagar.{2}And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me [`atsar:H6113/TWOT 1675] from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai. {3} And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife. {4} And he went in unto Hagar, 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.{5} And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong [be] upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee. {6} But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid [is] in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.

The larger spiritual context of these two wives of Abraham, Sarai and Hagar, and their respective sons, Isaac and Ishmael constitutes a very significant historical parable that is spelled out in Galatians 4:21-31 as that church was struggling with this issue. This passage serves to highlight the difference between  numerous man-made works gospels and the True Gospel of God’s grace which is based upon the Work and Faith of the Lord Jesus Christ at …the foundation of the world

Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? {22} For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. {23} But he [who was] of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman [was] by promise. {24} Which things are an allegory [i.e., parable]: for these are the two covenants [i.e. gospels]; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. {25} For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. {26} But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. {27} For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. {28} Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. {29} But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, even so [it is] now. {30} Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. {31} So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

In verse 18 of Genesis 20:1-8 and 14-18 we encounter yet another incident between Abraham and Sarah and Abimelech, king of Gerar, in which …God had fast closed up…which is how this word is expressed …all the wombs of the house of Abimelech… 

And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar. {2} And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She [is] my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah. {3} But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou [art but] a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she [is] a man's wife. {4} But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, Lord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation? {5} Said he not unto me, She [is] my sister? and she, even she herself said, He [is] my brother: in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done this. {6} And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her. {7} Now therefore restore the man [his] wife; for he [is] a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore [her] not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that [are] thine. {8} Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears: and the men were sore afraid. ... {14} And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, and gave [them] unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife. {15} And Abimelech said, Behold, my land [is] before thee: dwell where it pleaseth thee. {16} And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand [pieces] of silver: behold, he [is] to thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that [are] with thee, and with all [other]: thus she was reproved. {17} So Abraham prayed unto God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bare [children]. {18} For the LORD had fast closed up [`atsar:H6113/TWOT 1675] all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

A third reference is found in verse 9 of Isaiah 66, in which this word is expressed as shut up. Isaiah 66 is quite a unique chapter as it contrasts the inheritance of the elect with the fate of the non-elect. The chapter both begins and ends with judgment, 

Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest? {2} For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word. [i.e. Christ, in the first place] {3} He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations. {4} I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose [that] in which I delighted not. {5} Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed. {6} A voice of noise from the city, a voice from the temple, a voice of the LORD that rendereth recompence to his enemies. {7} Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child. {8} Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? [or] shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children. {9} Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith the LORD: shall I cause to bring forth, and shut [`atsar:H6113/TWOT 1675] [the womb]? saith thy God.

Thee Until We Shall Have Made Ready [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709] A Kid [g@diy:H1423/TWOT 314b] 

This brings us to the last two terms in this verse, thee, until we shall have made ready along with a kid. These two expressions  emerge in four other Scriptures, three of which are in the book of Judges:

The first entry is also found again in Judges 13:19 as a kid and did:  So Manoah took a kid [g@diy:H1423/TWOT 314b] with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]  [the angel] did [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709] wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on.

Manoah’s offering of a kid and what follows is similar to Gideon’s sacrifice in Judges 6, which we have previously examined in some detail; these words are rendered as and made ready and a kid in verse 19 of Judges 6:17-23   

And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me. {18} Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set [it] before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again. {19} And Gideon went in, and made ready [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]  a kid [g@diy:H1423/TWOT 314b], and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out unto him under the oak, and presented [it]. And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay [them] upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. {21} Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. {22} And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. {23} And the LORD said unto him, Peace [be] unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die.

These is one remaining reference in Judges 14:6 which is translated as a kid and he had done:  And the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and he rent him [a young lion] as he would have rent a kid [g@diy:H1423/TWOT 314b], and [he had] nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done. [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]  

The last notice in which these two words are found together is in verse 9 of  Genesis 27:5-13 regarding the savoury meat that Isaac had requested from the hand of Esau; they appear as kids along with and I will make: 

And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to hunt [for] venison, [and] to bring [it]. {6} And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy brother, saying, {7} Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before my death. {8}  Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according to that which I command thee. {9} Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids [g@diy:H1423/TWOT 314b] of the goats; and I will make [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]  them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth: {10} And thou shalt bring [it] to thy father, that he may eat, and that he may bless thee before his death. {11} And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother [is] a hairy man, and I [am] a smooth man: {12} My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing. {13} And his mother said unto him, Upon me [be] thy curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me [them].

We have to stop here, as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will move on to verse 16.

Judges 13 - Part 23

 July 4, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 23 and today’s date is July 4, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:14-25,

She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe. {15} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 16, and the angel of Jehovah’s reply to Manoah’s request. Let’s begin by considering the prohibition …I will not eat of thy bread…

Not [lo’:H3808/TWOT* 1064] Eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] & Of Thy Bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a]

The three expressions, not, and eat, along with,  of thy bread appear in over 100 verses. Here are some of the ways that God utilizes these three terms:

Genesis 43:32 records the luncheon at Joseph’s house in Egypt, as he hosted his brother Benjamin, and his other half-brothers as they returned from Canaan with Benjamin, as he had requested of them, holding Simeon as hostage; I’ll read verses 24-32.   

And the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave [them] water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender. {25} And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there. {26} And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which [was] in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. {27} And he asked them of [their] welfare, and said, [Is] your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? [Is] he yet alive? {28} And they answered, Thy servant our father [is] in good health, he [is] yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance. {29} And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, [Is] this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son. {30} And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought [where] to weep; and he entered into [his] chamber, and wept there. {31} And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread. {32} And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064]  eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] with the Hebrews; for that [is] an abomination [tow`ebah:H8441/TWOT 2530a ] unto the Egyptians. [Mitsrayim:H4714/TWOT 1235]

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

The statement in verse 32 is a curious one. We wonder in what way was it an abomination for the Egyptians to share a meal with the Israelites, necessitating a kind of “social distancing” that we are quite familiar with. 

An Abomination [tow`ebah:H8441/TWOT 2530a ] Unto The Egyptians [Mitsrayim:H4714/TWOT 1235]

These two words, an abomination and unto the Egyptians only emerge again together in the following two citations:

Verse 34 of Genesis 46:29-34 provides more information as to what the Egyptians considered to be an abomination, which which was a shepherd, which is why Jospeh cautioned his father and brothers to describe their occupation in this way in versew 34: …Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, [and] also our fathers:...   

And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. {30} And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou [art] yet alive. {31} And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father's house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which [were] in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; {32} And the men [are] shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. {33} And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What [is] your occupation? {34} That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, [and] also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd [is] an abomination [tow`ebah:H8441/TWOT 2530a ] unto the Egyptians. [Mitsrayim:H4714/TWOT 1235]

This is further emphasized in verse 26 of  Exodus 8:26-32, in which these terms are repeated in verse 26 having to do with a sacrifice that was so repulsive to the Egyptians had they offered it in their sight, as Moses maintained, they would have surely stoned Moses and the Israelites. 

And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land. {26} And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination [tow`ebah:H8441/TWOT 2530a ] of the Egyptians [Mitsrayim:H4714/TWOT 1235] to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination [tow`ebah:H8441/TWOT 2530a ] of the Egyptians [Mitsrayim:H4714/TWOT 1235] before their eyes, and will they not stone us? {27} We will go three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as he shall command us. {28} And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.{29} And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the LORD that the swarms [of flies] may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD. {30} And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. {31} And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms [of flies] from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one. {32} And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.

What kind of sacrifice could have provoked such a vehement response?  We do know for whatever reason they might have had, shepherds were despised. We could assume speculatively that this would include sheep that might have been used for sacrifices, although in verse 26 of Exodus 10:24-27, as Moses explained to Pharaoh, there seems to be some latitude regarding which specific animals were to be offered in sacrifice as God would instruct them:

And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, Go ye, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you. {25} And Moses said, Thou must give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice unto the LORD our God. 

{26} Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve the LORD our God; and we know not with what we must serve the LORD, until we come thither. {27} But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.

Not [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] Eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] & Of Thy Bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a]

Here are some more illustrations of God’s usage of the phrase, not eat of thy bread:

There is an account in 1 Kings 13, of a prophet that God sent to Bethel to prophesy against the altar during the reign of wicked King Jeroboam in Israel, according to verses 1-2, and foretell of the reign of good King Josiah of Judah: 

And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense. {2} And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.

The prophet explains to King Jeroboam whom he had healed that he could not accept the King’s invitation to dine at the palace in verse 9,

For so was it charged me by the word of the LORD, saying, Eat 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a], nor drink water, nor turn again by the same way that thou camest. 

These words are also repeated in verses 15-19 and 22-23 because another man who had heard of what happened with the altar lied to the prophet and said that he too was a prophet, and said that …an angel spake unto me by the word of Jehovah… had told him to tell the prophet to dine at his house. Trusting this man, he disobeyed God, and in so doing, forfeited his life, as God used a lion to kill him in verse 24. There are many spiritual nuances in this historical parable, but I want to just focus on the fact of not eating the bread of men, which spiritually refers to their man-made doctrines - which are lies -  instead of the Bread of God, which is the Bread of Life, The Lord Jesus Christ - The Word of God: 

Then he said unto him, Come home with me, and eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] bread. [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] {16} And he said, I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee: neither will I eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85]  bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] nor drink water with thee in this place: {17} For it was said to me by the word of the LORD, Thou shalt eat 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] no [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] nor drink water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest. {18} He said unto him, I [am] a prophet also as thou [art]; and an angel spake unto me by the word of the LORD, saying, Bring him back with thee into thine house, that he may eat 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] and drink water. [But] he lied unto him. {19} So he went back with him, and did eat 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85]  bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] in his house, and drank water. ... {22} But camest back, and hast eaten 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] and drunk water in the place, of the which [the LORD] did say to thee, Eat 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85]  no [’al:H408/TWOT 90] bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a], and drink no water; thy carcase shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers. {23} And it came to pass, after he had eaten [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85]  bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a], and after he had drunk, that he saddled for him the ass, [to wit], for the prophet whom he had brought back. {24} And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcase was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase.

This is also highlighted in Ezekiel 24:17 and 22, which is yet another historical parable that concerns God’s judgment beginning at His own house first. The house is typified by the sudden death of Ezekiel’s wife (representing national Israel and by extension, the New Testament churches and denominations).

Ezekiel is told not to grieve for this, with the implication that this is God’s express will

Forbear to cry, make no mourning for the dead, bind the tire of thine head upon thee, and put on thy shoes upon thy feet, and cover not [thy] lips, and eat not the bread of men. ... {22} And ye shall do as I have done: ye shall not cover [your] lips, nor [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064] eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] the bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] of men.

Ezekiel 4:13 is another historical parable regarding God’s judgment against HIs own house first, in which He reveals that His corporate people will eat defiled bread, as a judgment against them: 

And the LORD said, Even thus shall the children of Israel eat 

[’ akal:H398/TWOT 85] their defiled bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a]   among the Gentiles, whither I will drive them.

This is also the case in Hosea 9:4, They shall not offer wine [offerings] to the LORD, neither [lo’:H3808/TWOT 1064]  shall they be pleasing unto him: their sacrifices [shall be] unto them as the bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a]  of mourners; all that eat [’ akal:H398/TWOT 85]  thereof shall be polluted: for their bread [lechem:H3899/TWOT 1105a] for their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD.

Lord willing, in our next study, we will continue our investigation of the rest of verse 16, and the stipulation that the angel of Jehovah requires: …and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. 

Judges 13 - Part 24

 July 6, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 24 and today’s date is July 6, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We are halfway through verse 16, as the angel of Jehovah gives Manaoh the following directive: …and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. 

Thou Wilt Offer [`asah:H6213/TWOT* 1708, 1709] A Burnt Offering [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d] Thou Must Offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] It Unto Jehovah [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a]

The four terms that make up this phrase crop up again in the following five citations. 

Verse 14 of Deuteronomy 12:1-14 includes these words and a number of other injunctions that the Israelites were to carry out in the land of Canaan - a spiritual picture of the Kingdom of God:   

These [are] the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the LORD God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth. {2} Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree: {3} And ye shall overthrow their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their gods, and destroy the names of them out of that place. {4} Ye shall not do so unto the LORD your God. {5} But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, [even] unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come: {6} And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks: {7} And there ye shall eat before the LORD your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee. {8} Ye shall not do after all [the things] that we do here this day, every man whatsoever [is] right in his own eyes. {9} For ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance, which the LORD your God giveth you. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

{10} But [when] ye go over Jordan, and dwell in the land which the LORD your God giveth you to inherit, and [when] he giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety; {11} Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD: {12} And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and your menservants, and your maidservants, and the Levite that [is] within your gates; forasmuch as he hath no part nor inheritance with you. {13} Take heed to thyself that thou offer not thy burnt offerings in every place that thou seest: {14} But in the place which the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a] shall choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  thy burnt offerings [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d], and there thou shalt do [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709] all that I command thee.

Verse 23 of Joshua 22:21-34 also comprises these expressions as part of the explanation that the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh gave to the rest of the tribes of Israel when they enquired about the purpose of the altar that they had constructed by the Jordan River:

Then the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh answered, and said unto the heads of the thousands of Israel, {22} The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if [it be] in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,) {23} That we have built us an altar to turn from following the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a], or if to offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  thereon burnt offering [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d]  or meat offering, or if to offer [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709] peace offerings thereon, let the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a] himself require [it]; {24} And if we have not [rather] done it for fear of [this] thing, saying, In time to come your children might speak unto our children, saying, What have ye to do with the LORD God of Israel? {25} For the LORD hath made Jordan a border between us and you, ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; ye have no part in the LORD: so shall your children make our children cease from fearing the LORD. {26} Therefore we said, Let us now prepare to build us an altar, not for burnt offering, nor for sacrifice: {27} But [that] it [may be] a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us, that we might do the service of the LORD before him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our peace offerings; that your children may not say to our children in time to come, Ye have no part in the LORD. {28} Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should [so] say to us or to our generations in time to come, that we may say [again], Behold the pattern of the altar of the LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor for sacrifices; but it [is] a witness between us and you. {29} God forbid that we should rebel against the LORD, and turn this day from following the LORD, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for meat offerings, or for sacrifices, beside the altar of the LORD our God that [is] before his tabernacle. {30}And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which [were] with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them. {31} And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day we perceive that the LORD [is] among us, because ye have not committed this trespass against the LORD: now ye have delivered the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD. {32} And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, and the princes, returned from the children of Reuben, and from the children of Gad, out of the land of Gilead, unto the land of Canaan, to the children of Israel, and brought them word again. {33} And the thing pleased the children of Israel; and the children of Israel blessed God, and did not intend to go up against them in battle, to destroy the land wherein the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt. {34} And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar [Ed]: for it [shall be] a witness between us that the LORD [is] God.

This is also the case in verse 15 1 Kings 3:5-15, as King Solomon dreams this dream: In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee. {6} And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as [it is] this day. {7} And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I [am but] a little child: I know not [how] to go out or come in. {8} And thy servant [is] in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. {9} Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? {10} And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing. {11} And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment; {12} Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. {13} And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days. {14} And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days. {15} And Solomon awoke; and, behold, [it was] a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a], and offered up [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  burnt offerings [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d], and offered [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]   peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants.

Verse 14 of 2 Chronicles 24:1-22 is a historical parable underscoring God’s judgment beginning at His own house first, in which, as long as Jehoida the priest was alive, King Joash was careful to obey God’s Word. But after the death of Jehoiada the priest at 130 years (13 X 10 = 130 - exemplifying the start of the Great Tribulation as God allowed Satan to infiltrate all congregations and denominations at the end of 13,000 years of history in 1988 - a similar portrait to the encircling of Jericho 13 times): 

Joash [was] seven years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also [was] Zibiah of Beersheba. {2} And Joash did [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD all the days of Jehoiada the priest. {3} And Jehoiada took for him two wives; and he begat sons and daughters. {4} And it came to pass after this, [that] Joash was minded to repair the house of the LORD. {5} And he gathered together the priests and the Levites, and said to them, Go out unto the cities of Judah, and gather of all Israel money to repair the house of your God from year to year, and see that ye hasten the matter. Howbeit the Levites hastened [it] not. {6} And the king called for Jehoiada the chief, and said unto him, Why hast thou not required of the Levites to bring in out of Judah and out of Jerusalem the collection, [according to the commandment] of Moses the servant of the LORD, and of the congregation of Israel, for the tabernacle of witness? {7} For the sons of Athaliah, that wicked woman, had broken up the house of God; and also all the dedicated things of the house of the LORD did they bestow upon Baalim. {8} And at the king's commandment they made a chest, and set it without at the gate of the house of the LORD. {9} And they made a proclamation through Judah and Jerusalem, to bring in to the LORD the collection [that] Moses the servant of God [laid] upon Israel in the wilderness. {10} And all the princes and all the people rejoiced, and brought in, and cast into the chest, until they had made an end. {11} Now it came to pass, that at what time the chest was brought unto the king's office by the hand of the Levites, and when they saw that [there was] much money, the king's scribe and the high priest's officer came and emptied the chest, and took it, and carried it to his place again. Thus they did day by day, and gathered money in abundance. {12} And the king and Jehoiada gave it to such as did the work of the service of the house of the LORD, and hired masons and carpenters to repair the house of the LORD, and also such as wrought iron and brass to mend the house of the LORD. {13} So the workmen wrought, and the work was perfected by them, and they set the house of God in his state, and strengthened it. {14} And when they had finished [it], they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada, whereof were made [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709] vessels for the house of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a], [even] vessels to minister, and to offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  [withal], and spoons, and vessels of gold and silver. And they offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  burnt offerings [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d] in the house of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a] continually all the days of Jehoiada. {15} But Jehoiada waxed old, and was full of days when he died; an hundred and thirty years old [was he] when he died.

The last notice is in verse 16 of 2 Chronicles 35:1-19, in which one of the greatest Passovers was kept by good King Josiah:

Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth [day] of the first month. {2} And he set the priests in their charges, and encouraged them to the service of the house of the LORD, {3} And said unto the Levites that taught all Israel, which were holy unto the LORD, Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel did build; [it shall] not [be] a burden upon [your] shoulders: serve now the LORD your God, and his people Israel, {4} And prepare [yourselves] by the houses of your fathers, after your courses, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son. {5} And stand in the holy [place] according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your brethren the people, and [after] the division of the families of the Levites. {6} So kill the passover, and sanctify yourselves, and prepare your brethren, that [they] may do according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses. {7} And Josiah gave to the people, of the flock, lambs and kids, all for the passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bullocks: these [were] of the king's substance. {8} And his princes gave willingly unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave unto the priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred [small cattle], and three hundred oxen. {9} Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, chief of the Levites, gave unto the Levites for passover offerings five thousand [small cattle], and five hundred oxen. {10} So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king's commandment. {11} And they killed the passover, and the priests sprinkled [the blood] from their hands, and the Levites flayed [them]. {12} And they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according to the divisions of the families of the people, to offer unto the LORD, as [it is] written in the book of Moses. And so [did they] with the oxen. {13} And they roasted the passover with fire according to the ordinance: but the [other] holy [offerings] sod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and divided [them] speedily among all the people. {14} And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the priests: because the priests the sons of Aaron [were busied] in offering of burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves, and for the priests the sons of Aaron. {15} And the singers the sons of Asaph [were] in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king's seer; and the porters [waited] at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them. {16} So all the service of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a] was prepared the same day, to keep [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709] the passover, and to offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  burnt offerings [`olah:H5930/TWOT 1624c, 1624d] upon the altar of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a], according to the commandment of king Josiah. {17} And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days. {18} And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. {19} In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.  

The foregoing accounts really highlight the necessity of obeying God’s commands implicitly resulting in spiritual blessings, whereas disobedience always produces judgment. Lord willing, in our next study, we will proceed to verse 17.   

Judges 13 - Part 25

 July 8, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 25 and today’s date is July 8, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 17, as Manoah poses this interesting question to the angel of Jehovah, although as verse 16 pointed out, Manoah did not recognize that the Man with whom he was conversing, was in reality the angel of Jehovah, or the Lord Jesus Christ:

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? 

In this verse there are three terms that we have not already examined. The first is the question, What [is] thy name… and the second is the expression…we may do thee honour? The first phrase is made up of two words, What and thy name: 

What [miy:H4310/TWOT* 1189] [Is] Thy Name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]

These two words surface together again in a number of references, some of which are illustrated below:

In Proverbs 30:4, the interrogative pronoun, Who, is repeated four times, and this Hebrew expression is used for identification purposes; and the One in view in this passage is God Himself. However there is another interrogative pronoun, What, that appears in front of his name and name. The thrust of this word is to determine the character or the quality of the One in view: 

  

Who [miy:H4310/TWOT 1189] hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? 

Who [miy:H4310/TWOT 1189] hath gathered the wind in his fists? 

Who [miy:H4310/TWOT 1189] hath bound the waters in a garment? 

Who [miy:H4310/TWOT 1189] hath established all the ends of the earth? What [mah:H4100/TWOT 1149]  [is] his name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405], and what [mah:H4100/TWOT 1149] [is] his son's name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405], if thou canst tell?

There is a similar account to this one in verses 26 and 29 of Genesis 32:24-29, between Jacob and God, in which God asks of Jacob what [is] thy name, and receives the reply, Jacob, which means “supplanter” -  indicating his character. But then immediately God changes Jacob’s name to Israel - or Prince with God, because the wrestling match is a spiritual portrait of “wrestling with God” for salvation, when that was still possible:

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. {25} And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. {26} And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. {27} And he said unto him, What [mah:H4100/TWOT 1149] [is] thy name? [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405] And he said, Jacob. {28} And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. {29} And Jacob asked [him], and said, Tell [me], I pray thee, thy name. [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405] And he said, Wherefore [mah:H4100/TWOT 1149] [is] it [that] thou dost ask after my name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]? And he blessed him there.

Here are a few more examples to consider: 

Verse 26 of Isaiah 40:25-31 renders these as who and by names in this portion of Scripture that is a great encouragement to God’s saints: To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One. {26} Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who [miy:H4310/TWOT 1189] hath created these [things], that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405] by the greatness of his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one faileth. {27} Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over from my God? {28} Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, [that] the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? [there is] no searching of his understanding. {29} He giveth power to the faint; and to [them that have] no might he increaseth strength. {30} Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall: {31} But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew [their] strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; [and] they shall walk, and not faint.

Verse 13 of Exodus 3:10-15 records part of  God’s [’Elohiym’s - the plural form for God] conversation with Moses, as God lays out for him what God wants him to accomplish; notice how Moses foresees that the Israelites will ask for the “character” of ’Elohiym’s  Name, to which God replies I AM THAT I AM, the Ever-Present One: 

Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt. {11} And Moses said unto God, Who [am] I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt? {12} And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this [shall be] a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain. {13} And Moses said unto God, Behold, [when] I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What [mah:H4100/TWOT 1149] [is] his name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]? what shall I say unto them? {14} And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. {15} And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this [is] my name for ever, and this [is] my memorial unto all generations.

Verse 10 of Isaiah 50:1-11 also includes these two as Who and in the name, in this passage which speaks of corporate Israel’s rebellion (and God’s subsequent divorce from them), God’s power and sovereignty, the Person and Work of God the Son, the hope of the elect, the futility of man-made gospels, and the final destiny of the non-elect: 

Thus saith the LORD, Where [is] the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors [is it] to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away. {2} Wherefore, when I came, [was there] no man? when I called, [was there] none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because [there is] no water, and dieth for thirst. {3} I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering. {4} The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to [him that is] weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned. {5} The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. {6} I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. {7} For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed. {8} [He is] near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who [is] mine adversary? let him come near to me. {9} Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who [is] he [that] shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up. {10} Who [miy:H4310/TWOT 1189] [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]  of the LORD, and stay upon his God. {11} Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass [yourselves] about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks [that] ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.

Let’s now turn our attention to the last word in verse 17 that we have not yet examined, the verb we may do thee honour.

We May Do Thee Honour [kabad:H3513/TWOT 943]

This expression is part of a “word-family” that is quite pregnant with various shades of meaning, but primarily it has to do with being heavy or weighty parabolically (and is a few instances literally). It appears predominantly as honour, glorify, honourable, heavy, harden, and glorious, and many more to a lesser extent. The subsequent Scriptures illustrate some of the ways that God utilizes this word:

Haggai 1:8 translates this as: in it, and I will be glorified with regard to sending out the Gospel to reach the nations of the elect during the “day” of salvation:  

Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified [kabad:H3513/TWOT 943], saith the LORD.

Genesis 13:2 includes this word as rich: And Abram [was] very rich [kabad:H3513/TWOT 943] in cattle, in silver, and in gold.

However in Genesis 18:20 this term is expressed as grievous: And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; [kabad:H3513/TWOT 943]

Verse 11 of Zechariah 7:11 also pinpoints the rebellion of corporate Israel, and by extension, the New Testament churches and denominations that came under God’s wrath; this term is rendered and stopped: 

Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: {10} And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart. {11} But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped [kabad:H3513/TWOT 943] their ears, that they should not hear. {12} Yea, they made their hearts [as] an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts. {13} Therefore it is come to pass, [that] as he cried, and they would not hear; so they cried, and I would not hear, saith the LORD of hosts: {14} But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.

This remind us of Stephen’s testimony, under divine inspiration, in front of the Council, who literally stopped their ears in verse 57 of Acts 7:51-58  prior to murdering the prophet:

Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. {52} Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: {53} Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept [it]. {54} When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth. {55} But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, {56} And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. {57} Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord, {58} And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul.

Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will proceed to verse 18.

 Judges 13 - Part 26

  July 11, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 26 and today’s date is July 11, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 18, and the angel of Jehovah’s (Christ’s) reply to Manoah’s question regarding His Name:

And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? 

In the historical context we recognize that Manoah and his wife sense that this Man of God is quite extraordinary, although they do not yet realize that He is indeed God in the flesh. Earlier in verse 6 we learned:

Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name: 

This is why they wanted  to treat their guest with the utmost hospitality and honor because after all He had declared to them that Manoah’s wife - who was barren - will conceive a son! That would have been the most astounding and exciting news that a barren woman in those days could ever expect to hear, since being barren was, unfortunately, a badge of great humiliation. Just think of how Peninah hounded Hannah about this, and the emotional and mental anguish that she must have felt…until God gave her not only baby Samuel, but other children as well. In verse 6 there are two terms that I would like for us to explore further; these are the words but I asked and …his name. These same words emerge in verse 18 as askest and after My Name.

Askest [sha’al:H7492/TWOT* 2303] & After My Name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]

These two words surface together in four other citations, and we will consider the three of them:

In our last study we went to Genesis 32:24-30 which is a similar account to what we find in Judges 13 regarding the interaction between God and Jacob.  In verse 29 we discover these two terms which are translated thou dost ask and after My Name:  

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. {25} And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. {26} And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. {27} And he said unto him, What [is] thy name? And he said, Jacob. {28} And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. {29} And Jacob asked [him], and said, Tell [me], I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore [is] it [that] thou dost ask [sha’al:H7492/TWOT 2303] after my name [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]? And he blessed him there. {30} And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.

Speaking of Hannah, in verse 20 of 1 Samuel 1:1-20, these expressions are rendered as his name and I have asked:

Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name [was] Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: {2} And he had two wives; the name of the one [was] Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. {3} And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, [were] there. {4} And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: {5} But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb. {6} And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb. {7} And [as] he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. {8} Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? [am] not I better to thee than ten sons? {9} So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD. {10} And she [was] in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore. {11} And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head. {12} And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth. {13} Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. {14} And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee. {15} And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I [am] a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD. 16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto. 17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant [thee] thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more [sad]. 19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her. {20} Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name  [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405] Samuel, [saying], Because I have asked [sha’al:H7492/TWOT 2303] him of the LORD.

The last passage that we want to look into is Isaiah 65:1-7 which presents a different spiritual portrait, namely of God’s judgment beginning at His own house first. In verse 1 these terms are expressed as of [them that] asked  along with by my name, referencing the Gentiles - those who were not called by God’s name and who were not seeking God - yet He was seeking them, and they were part of His Divine election program all along. The next six verses are a denunciation of God’s corporate people, and the rest of this chapter toggles between God’s blessings which the elect inherit, juxtaposed with God’s curses that the non-elect will be subjected to:

I am sought of [them that] asked [sha’al:H7492/TWOT 2303]  not [for me]; I am found of [them that] sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation [that] was not called by my name. [shem:H8034/TWOT 2405]  {2} I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way [that was] not good, after their own thoughts; {3} A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick; {4} Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine's flesh, and broth of abominable [things is in] their vessels; {5} Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou. These [are] a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day. {6} Behold, [it is] written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom, {7} Your iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together, saith the LORD, which have burned incense upon the mountains, and blasphemed me upon the hills: therefore will I measure their former work into their bosom.

This brings us to the last part of verse 18 …seeing it is secret.  This is an unfortunate translation on the part of the KJV translators. This is how it should be rendered, according to Jay P. Green’s Literal Version (KJ3):

And the Angel of Jehovah said to him, Why do you ask this about My name? Yea, it is Wonderful. [pil’iy:H6383/TWOT 1768b]

Wonderful [pil’iy:H6383/TWOT 1768b]

The adjective, wonderful, is part of a word-family that stems from a verb, as is so often the case in Hebrew, since it is a verbal language. This expression only appears in one other Scripture which is verse 6 of Psalm 139:1-6, as too wonderful:

[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.] O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known [me]. {2} Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off. {3} Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted [with] all my ways. {4} For [there is] not a word in my tongue, [but], lo, O LORD, thou knowest it altogether. {5} Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me. {6} [Such] knowledge [is] too wonderful [pil’iy:H6383/TWOT 1768b] for me; it is high, I cannot [attain] unto it.

In the time we have left, I would like to introduce you to some of the references that contain the root word for wonderful. This term, like so man that we have encountered is rich in spiritual nuances, and it can be translated in numerous ways that befits the incomprehensible wonder, glory, and awe that this Triune God commands as He speak and acts with limitless power and might that is so beyond what our puny, finite minds can grasp, that we simply fall on our faces, as the Apostle John (like so many of God’s saints did) in verse 17 of Revelation 1,

And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:

A little further on in verse 20, we will read  that Manoah and his wife did precisely the same thing. The Bible is replete with others like David, Joshua, Obadiah, Daniel, and many more who were so awe-struck by fear and wonder that this was all they could do. 

The Root Word [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] For Wonderful 

These next notices include this root word, which is primarily expressed as some form of wonderful or wondrous work, but also in other ways, such as hard or performing, etc.

Curiously Numbers 6:2 having to do with Nazarite vow includes this expression as shall separate: Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When either man or woman shall separate [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768]   [themselves] to vow a vow of a Nazarite, to separate [themselves] unto the LORD:

Psalm 119:18 should be the prayer of each of God’s elect whenever they open the Bible to read or study; this expression is included as wondrous things: Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] out of thy law.

Psalm 107 contains this word, and [for] his wonderful works four times in verses 8, 15, 21, and 31; in verse 24 it is rendered and his wonders:

Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] to the children of men! ... {15} Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] to the children of men! ... {21} Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] to the children of men! ... {24} These see the works of the LORD, and his wonders [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] in the deep. ... {31} Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768] to the children of men!

In Deuteronomy 30:11 it surfaces as hidden: For this commandment which I command thee this day, it [is] not hidden [pala’:H6381/TWOT 1768]  from thee, neither [is] it far off.

Another related word in this word-family is translated Wonderful in Isaiah 9:6, For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, [pele’:H6382/TWOT 1768a] Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

With that beautiful verse in mind, we have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will investigate verse 19.

 Judges 13 - Part 27

  July 13, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 27 and today’s date is July 13, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Today’s study brings us to verse 19, So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. 

Took [laqah:H3947/TWOT * 1124] & A Kid [gᵊḏî:H1424/TWOT 314b]   

The two expressions, took and a kid  surface in the following four Scriptures:

Genesis 27:9 includes these two words as and fetch along with kids, as Rebekah instructs Jacob to get two kids from the flock in order for her to make savoury meat for Isaac: Go now to the flock, and fetch [laqah:H3947/TWOT 1124] me from thence two good kids [gᵊḏî:H1424/TWOT 314b] of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth:

The next entry is in Genesis 38:20 and 23, having to do with account of Judah's unwitting relationship with his daughter-in law, Tamar, who he thought to be a harlot. These words are expressed as kid and to receive in verse 20, and then in verse 23 as kid, and let her take:  

And Judah sent the kid [gᵊḏî:H1424/TWOT 314b] by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive [laqah:H3947/TWOT 1124] his pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not. …{23} And Judah said, Let her take [laqah:H3947/TWOT 1124] it to her, lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid [gᵊḏî:H1424/TWOT 314b] and thou hast not found her.

The fourth passage revolves around David and King Saul as 1 Samuel 16:14-23 records; in verse 20 these words are expressed as took along with kid:

But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him. {15} And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth thee. {16} Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

{17} And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me. {18}Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and the LORD is with him. {19} Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy son, which is with the sheep. {20} And Jesse took [laqah:H3947/TWOT 1124]  an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid [gᵊḏî:H1424/TWOT 314b], and sent them by David his son unto Saul. {21} And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armourbearer. {22} And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight. {23} And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

A Meat Offering [minchah:H4503/TWOT 1214a] & And Offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]

The next two terms in verse 19 are a meat offering along with and offered. They are found together in 14 other citations, and we will consider some of them. A number of these references are of a negative nature, emphasizing God’s judgment that began at His own house first. A case in point is verse 12 of Jeremiah 14:1-16, in which these two terms are rendered they offer and burnt offering:  

The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth. {2} Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up. {3} And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads. {4} Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads. {5} Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook [it], because there was no grass. {6} And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because [there was] no grass. {7} O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou [it] for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee. {8} O the hope of Israel, the saviour thereof in time of trouble, why shouldest thou be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man [that] turneth aside to tarry for a night? {9} Why shouldest thou be as a man astonied, as a mighty man [that] cannot save? yet thou, O LORD, [art] in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name; leave us not. {10} Thus saith the LORD unto this people, Thus have they loved to wander, they have not refrained their feet, therefore the LORD doth not accept them; he will now remember their iniquity, and visit their sins. {11} Then said the LORD unto me, Pray not for this people for [their] good. {12} When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624]  burnt offering [minchah:H4503/TWOT 1214a] and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence. {13} Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place. {14} Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart. {15} Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that prophesy in my name, and I sent them not, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this land; By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed. {16} And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and they shall have none to bury them, them, their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters: for I will pour their wickedness upon them.

Verse 29 of Exodus 40:17-33 includes these two expressions as and offered along with and the meat offering in this passage that explains the various components that served to furnish this magnificent Tabernacle which like the Temple that replaced it,  points to the Work of the Lord Jesus Christ in building the eternal Body of Christ - His Bride:  

And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first [day] of the month, [that] the tabernacle was reared up. {18} And Moses reared up the tabernacle, and fastened his sockets, and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, and reared up his pillars. {19} And he spread abroad the tent over the tabernacle, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the LORD commanded Moses. {20} And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercy seat above upon the ark: {21} And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses. {22} And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail. {23} And he set the bread in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses. {24} And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward.  {25} And he lighted the lamps before the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses. {26} And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation before the vail: {27} And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses. {28} And he set up the hanging [at] the door of the tabernacle. {29} And he put the altar of burnt offering [by] the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation, and offered [`alah:H5927/TWOT 1624] upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering [minchah:H4503/TWOT 1214a]; as the LORD commanded Moses. {30} And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash [withal]. {31} And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat: {32} When they went into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as the LORD commanded Moses. {33} And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.

A Rock [tsuwr:H6697/TWOT 1901a] Unto Jehovah [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a]

We read that Manoah offered a kid with a meat offering upon a rock unto Jehovah, as the angel of Jehovah had told him to do.

These two expressions crop up in 25 other verses, one of which we have already looked into, which is the similar account of the offering that Gideon made in Judges 6:21,

Then the angel of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068/TWOT 484a] put forth the end of the staff that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, [tsuwr:H6697/TWOT 1901a] and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068 TWOT 484a] departed out of his sight.

We see of course the close spiritual connection between the Rock (Who is Christ) as well as Jehovah (Who is also Christ). For that matter all the offerings in the Old Testament pointed to the Messiah and symbolized His One and Final sacrifice for sin that He accomplished at …the foundation of the world.  Here are a few more illustrations of these two words:

2 Samuel 22:47 extols: The LORD [Y@hovah:H3068 TWOT 484a]  liveth; and blessed [be] my rock [tsuwr:H6697/TWOT 1901a]; and exalted be the God of the rock [tsuwr:H6697/TWOT 1901a]  of my salvation.

And Psalm 95:1 maintains: O come, let us sing unto the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068 TWOT 484a]: let us make a joyful noise to the rock [tsuwr:H6697/TWOT 1901a]  of our salvation.

The next word, Wondrously, we have already examined in our last study as it is the root word for secret, which should have been translated Wonderful, because that is its significance, plus it is one of Christ’s glorious Titles.

We then read that Manoah and his wife …looked on… and what they will see will be discussed in verse 20. This word looked on is a very common word in the Old Testament, appearing over 1300 times! 

We have already run across it in verses 3 and 10 of this Chapter, and we will also see it emerge in verses 20-23 as well. So, Lord willing, in our next study we will focus on verse 20 and find out what compelled Manaoah and his wife to fall on their faces at what they witnessed. 

 Judges 13 - Part 28

  July 22, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 28 and today’s date is July 22, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

We have arrived at verse 20 in our ongoing examination of Samson in this section of the book of Judges. Samson was a Judge from 1128 - 1108 BC. However we do not run across his name until verse 24, so the focus of this chapter thus far has been on his parents - Manoah and his wife (who remains unnamed) -  but spiritually as we have learned, Manoah represents the Lord Jesus Christ, and his wife, a portrait of the elect who make up the Bride of Christ. So let’s begin our investigation of verse 20, which I’ll read again:

For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. 

We can only imagine the awe, wonder and fear that Manoah and his wife must have experienced at this miraculous sight of the angel of Jehovah Who …ascended in the flame… Today I thought we would focus on this particular “word-family” because it is a good example of the usage of the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, which you hear me refer to from time to time. There are three words that constitute this shoresh (or root). Each of one of the 3000 plus shoresh point to Christ both spiritually as well as literally.   We see this very clearly in Isaiah 53:2, in which this term is translated as and as a root:

For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root [sheresh:H8328/TWOT* 2471a] out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him.

 

You might recall me mentioning that there are over 3000 Hebrew and Aramaic roots that generally are made up of three letters (although at times they can have as few as one or two). They form the basis for the 8,764 words in the Old Testament.

The “word-family” that constitutes the expression flame consists of two nouns that stem from one verb, as so often is the case as Hebrew is a verbal language. 

This “word-family” has been assigned the following TWOT numbers: 1077, 1077a, 1077b, and 1077c. As we give examples of each of these terms, I will mention their corresponding Strong numbers as well. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

Let’s start by looking at the phrase…when the flame went up toward heaven… and researching some of these words as they only appear together in this verse, so we will have to examine them individually beginning with the first term… when the flame.

When The Flame [lahab:H3851/TWOT* 1077, 1077a]

The main root in this “word-family” is composed of three letters (reading from right to left): לַהַב or Lamed/He/Beth. The first word that we want to look at is when the flame, which is pronounced  lah’hav. (lah-have) We were introduced to this expression back in Judges 3:22, when Judge Ehud stabbed Eglon, the king of Moab, in which this word is rendered the blade twice:  

And the haft also went in after the blade [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a];and the fat closed upon the blade [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a], so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.

This is most interesting because we wonder if there is a spiritual connection between Ehud’s dagger (which is a short sword) and the concept of a flame. Please take note of this connection, as we will come back to this later on in our study.

The next entry is in verse 23 of Job 39:19-25, in which it is translated as him, the glittering, which describes the horseman’s spear and shield as he rides swiftly into battle: 

Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with thunder? {20} Canst thou make him afraid as a grasshopper? the glory of his nostrils [is] terrible. {21} He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in [his] strength: he goeth on to meet the armed men. {22} He mocketh at fear, and is not affrighted; neither turneth he back from the sword. {23} The quiver rattleth against him, the glittering [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] spear and the shield. 

{24} He swalloweth the ground with fierceness and rage: neither believeth he that [it is] the sound of the trumpet. {25} He saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.

Nahum 3:3 similarly depicts another scene of judgment against Assyria, which God used to destroy Samaria (the 10 northern tribes) or Israel; this word is rendered both the bright, describing the sword as well as the spear:  The horseman lifteth up both the bright [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a]  sword and the glittering spear: and [there is] a multitude of slain, and a great number of carcases; and [there is] none end of [their] corpses; they stumble upon their corpses:

By contrast Job 41:21 expresses this term as a flame, referring to leviathan, who represents Satan throughout this entire chapter: His breath kindleth coals, and a flame [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] goeth out of his mouth.

Please note how God is linking the flame with the mouth, even as we saw earlier in Judges 3:22 that God was linking the flame with the dagger. Spiritually we recognize that fire can be indicative of God’s word, as Jeremiah 23:29 maintains:

[Is] not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer [that] breaketh the rock in pieces?

The Bible is also characterized by a twoedged sword - the sword of the Spirit - as we read in Ephesians 6:17,

And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:

Hebrews 4:12 portrays the dual nature of the Word God, which is designed to either inflict judgment or grant eternal life:

For the word of God [is] quick [“alive”], and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 

The remaining six citations have one thing in common which is God’s retribution:

Verse 8 of Isaiah 13:6-13 translates this expression as flames, speaking of our present “day” of judgment, in which the flame/flames in view highlight God’s wrath upon the world at large, including the churches and denominations that previously came under God’s anger at the beginning of the Great Tribulation (May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011):     

 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD [is] at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty. {7} Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:{8} And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces [shall be as] flames. [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] {9} Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. {10} For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. {11} And I will punish the world for [their] evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible. {12} I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir. {13} Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.

Verse 6 of Isaiah 29:1-6, on the other hand, targets God’s corporate people, as Ariel corresponds to Jerusalem: Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city [where] David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices. 

{2} Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel. {3} And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee. {4} And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust. {5} Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly. {6} Thou shalt be visited of the LORD of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] of devouring fire.

Verse 30 of Isaiah 30: Isaiah 30:27-33 Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning [with] his anger, and the burden [thereof is] heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire: {28} And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and [there shall be] a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing [them] to err. {29} Ye shall have a song, as in the night [when] a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel. {30} And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of [his] anger, and [with] the flame [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] of a devouring fire, [with] scattering, and tempest, and hailstones. {31} For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, [which] smote with a rod. {32} And [in] every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, [it] shall be with tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will he fight with it. {33} For Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made [it] deep [and] large: the pile thereof [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.

Verse 15 of Isaiah 66:14-16 adds: And when ye see [this], your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and [his] indignation toward his enemies. {15} For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] of fire. {16} For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead [“judge”] with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.

The last reference is in verse 5 of Joel 2:1-11that makes a similar declaration, in which the army that is described ties into Revelation 9 and the locusts, who typify God’s elect:   

Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand; {2} A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. {3} A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land [is] as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them. {4} The appearance of them [is] as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run. {5} Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame [lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a] of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array. {6} Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness. {7} They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks: {8} Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and [when] they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded. {9} They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief. {10} The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: {11} And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it?

It looks like we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue examining this “word-family” having to do with blade or flame, as there are two other terms that we still need to consider, before moving on to the rest of our verse. 

Judges 13 - Part 29

 July 25, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 29 and today’s date is July 25, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

In our last study we were investigating the term, When the flame (lahab:H3851/TWOT 1077, 1077a)... in verse 20.  We learned that this particular word is part of a “word-family” as outlined in the Theological Wordbook of the  Old Testament  which is a very helpful Bible study tool, since it lists the 3000+ roots or shoresh, from which all of the 8,674 Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament stem from. The main shoresh in this “word-family” is composed of three letters (reading from right to left): לַהַב or Lamed/He/Beth. Today I would like to cover the second expression in this “word-family.”  This term לֶהָבָה is identically spelled (except for the vowel pointing) to the verb form that it is derived from. The only difference is that it has an additional letter He on the end so its letters would be: Lamed/He/Beth/He.  It is a Hebrew noun that is translated as flame/flames, flaming, and once as head (or “tip”) of a spear. 

Flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT* 1077b] 

This expression surfaces in 19 references altogether, and we will examine some of these passages. As we do so, let’s beseech for Truth according to Psalm 119:18, 

Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.

Verse 28 of Numbers 21:21-28 records the events that led up to Israel’s victory over the Amorites, in which this word is translated a flame:  

And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, {22} Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink [of] the waters of the well: [but] we will go along by the king's [high] way, until we be past thy borders. {23} And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel. {24} And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon [was] strong. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

{25} And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof. {26} For Heshbon [was] the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon. {27} Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Sihon be built and prepared: {28} For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]  from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, [and] the lords of the high places of Arnon.

1 Samuel 17:7, however is the only notice that renders this term as head, in describing the tip of Goliath’s spear, and we want to bear in mind that Goliath spiritually represents Satan, and his adversary David, the Lord Jesus Christ in this historical parable: 

And the staff of his spear [was] like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]  [weighed] six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.

In verse 7 of  Psalm 29:3-9 this is expressed as flames. God repeats the refrain The voice of Jehovah (which is His Word) six times in this beautiful Psalm:   

The voice of the LORD [is] upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the LORD [is] upon many waters. {4} The voice of the LORD [is] powerful; the voice of the LORD [is] full of majesty. {5} The voice of the LORD breaketh the cedars; yea, the LORD breaketh the cedars of Lebanon. {6} He maketh them also to skip like a calf; Lebanon and Sirion like a young unicorn. {7} The voice of the LORD divideth the flames [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] of fire. {8} The voice of the LORD shaketh the wilderness; the LORD shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh. {9} The voice of the LORD maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests: and in his temple doth every one speak of [his] glory.

Psalm 83:1-18 is an imprecatory Psalm in which God is being implored to take vengeance on His enemies; in verse 14 this expression appears as and as the flame:  

[A Song [or] Psalm of Asaph.] Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. {2} For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. {3} They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones. {4} They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from [being] a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. {5} For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: {6} The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; {7} Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; {8} Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah. {9} Do unto them as [unto] the Midianites; as [to] Sisera, as [to] Jabin, at the brook of Kison: {10} [Which] perished at Endor: they became [as] dung for the earth. {11} Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna: {12} Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession. {13} O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind. {14} As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] setteth the mountains on fire; {15} So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm. {16} Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD. {17} Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: {18} That [men] may know that thou, whose name alone [is] JEHOVAH, [art] the most high over all the earth.

Similarly Psalm 105:23-38 depicts God’s dealings with Egypt (a portrait of slavery to sin and to Satan) who had enslaved the Israelites for 400 years; verse 32 includes this word as flaming:  

Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham. {24} And he increased his people greatly; and made them stronger than their enemies. {25} He turned their heart to hate his people, to deal subtilly with his servants. {26} He sent Moses his servant; [and] Aaron whom he had chosen. {27} They shewed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham. {28} He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word. {29} He turned their waters into blood, and slew their fish. 30 Their land brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings. {31} He spake, and there came divers sorts of flies, [and] lice in all their coasts. {32} He gave them hail for rain, [and] flaming [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] fire in their land. {33} He smote their vines also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts. {34} He spake, and the locusts came, and caterpillers, and that without number, {35} And did eat up all the herbs in their land, and devoured the fruit of their ground. {36} He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength. {37} He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and [there was] not one feeble [person] among their tribes. {38} Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them fell upon them.

By contrast, verse 18 of Psalm 106:13-21 reveals Israel’s constant rebellion in the wilderness, for which God brought His judgments to bear,  in spite of God’s magnanimous dealings with His corporate people: 

They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel: {14} But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert. {15} And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul. {16} They envied Moses also in the camp, [and] Aaron the saint of the LORD. {17} The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company of Abiram. {18} And a fire was kindled in their company; the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] burned up the wicked. {19} They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image. {20} Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass. {21} They forgat God their saviour, which had done great things in Egypt;

Reminding one of the cloud by day, and fire by night, by which Israel was guided by God (and typified His Word) throughout the wilderness,  Isaiah 4:5 makes this 

declaration, in which this term is expressed of a flaming:  

And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]  fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defence.

Among other truths, Isaiah 5 depicts the fall of national Israel into spiritual idolatry, and in verse 24, this word is rendered and the flame:  Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] consumeth the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Even though we still have a number of Scriptures to still consider that contain this word, flame, we will have to conclude today’s lesson. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will discuss the remaining passages, and then move on to the third word in this “word-family.”

Judges 13 - Part 30

 July 27, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 30 and today’s date is July 27, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

In our last lesson we began looking at the second word for flame (found in verse 20) in that particular  “word-family,” which consists of three Hebrew expressions. Because we ran out of time, I would like to continue researching this second term, and then Lord willing, we can move on to the last and final word. 

Flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT* 1077b] 

 

Isaiah 10:17 reiterates God’s judgment upon Assyria whom God used to bring retribution against Samaria (the 10 northern tribes) in 709 BC; this expression is included as for a flame: And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;

Isaiah 43:1-7, on the other hand, is a reminder of God’s infinite care and protection that He lavishes upon His elect; this word emerges in verse 2 as shall the flame: 

But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called [thee] by thy name; thou [art] mine. {2} When thou passest through the waters, I [will be] with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] kindle upon thee. {3} For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt [for] thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. {4} Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. {5} Fear not: for I [am] with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west; {6} I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; {7} [Even] every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

Verse 2 presents two scenarios - walking through the waters safely and not being burned in the fire - which remind us of two highly notable events. 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

The first is the crossing of the Red Sea (or Sea of the End!) and the second is the account of three Hebrews who were thrown into the burning fiery furnace by order of King Nebuchadnezzar.  We read of the first account in that glorious song of praise in Exodus 15:3-6, which is a tremendous historical parable concerning God’s salvation plan:

The LORD [is] a man of war: the LORD [is] his name.{4} Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red [cuwph:H5488/TWOT*1479] sea. {5} The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone. {6} Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. 

A minute or two ago, I mentioned that the Red Sea is actually the Sea of the End. Let me explain why. Incidentally,  this is another example of the usefulness of the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. The term, Red, is H5488. It is translated primarily as Red, three times as flags, and once as weedsStrong’s Exhaustive Concordance says it is “probably of Egyptian origin.” Strong’s also says to compare it to H5489, which is only found once in Deuteronomy 1:1, and again as Red. End of matter. However, when one looks up this word Red in the TWOT 1479, one immediately sees that the term preceding it, which is TWOT 1478 (H5486) is identically spelled to to H1479. Then when one goes to H5486, one finds that it emerges in eight citations, five as consumed, and once as utterly, have an end, and perish. Consider verse 15 of Amos 3:13-15, in which this terms arises as shall have an end:

Shall Have An End [cuwph:H5486/TWOT 1478]

Hear ye, and testify in the house of Jacob, saith the Lord GOD, the God of hosts, {14} That in the day that I shall visit the transgressions of Israel upon him I will also visit the altars of Bethel: and the horns of the altar shall be cut off, and fall to the ground. {15} And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall have an end [cuwph:H5486/TWOT 1478], saith the LORD.

The TWOT 1478  includes two derivatives, 1478a (H5490) and 1478b (H5492).

End [cowph:H5490/TWOT 1478a]

H5490 surfaces in five Scriptures, three of them as end, once as conclusion, and once as hinder part. Here are the three references that are rendered end:

2 Chronicles 20:16 occurs during the battle of Jehoshaphat, which has everything to do with our current “day” of judgment: To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end [cowph:H5490/TWOT 1478a] of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel.

In Ecclesiastes 3:11 this is also expressed as  He hath made every [thing] beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end. [cowph:H5490/TWOT 1478a]

Ecclesiastes 7:2 includes this as the end as well: [It is] better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that [is] the end [cowph:H5490/TWOT 1478a] of all men; and the living will lay [it] to his heart.

Moreover we find further confirmation that the Red Sea is indeed the Sea of the End, by the grammatical and musical symbols (called cantillation marks or te‘amim) found in every verse of the Old Testament. We have been discussing these for a number of months now in our monthly Beacon newsletter, which like all BMI material, is offered free of charge.  You will see these markings in Jay P. Green’s Interlinear Bible) although they are quite tiny and difficult to see because of the small print), as well as in the blueletterbible.org. (Go to “tools”, then “interlinear,” and then check the box that says “show cantillation marks.”) These symbols serve to divide each and every verse in the Old Testament into main divisions, and other subdivisions. The ENDING of every verse (not sentence mind you) in the Old Testament looks like our “colon” in English, but instead of two “dots,” they are in the shape of two diamonds. This is called the Sof Pasuk, and Sof  is this word “end” that we have been speaking about.

I realize that I have taken quite a detour here, but I felt this was extremely important because as a ministry our main aim is to teach God’s people how to study the Bible, and to show that a variety of tools is essential in order to compare spiritual with spiritual. I don’t mean to disparage Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance in any way…it certainly has its place. However, all these Bible study aids are the work of men, and as such they have both pros and cons. By consulting a variety of these resources, one can by God’s grace, eliminate a number of the cons, and use the pros to explore the wonderful depths of that spiritual Treasure House which is His Perfect and Holy Word. 

Flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT* 1077b] [leh-have]

Going back to Isaiah 43:2, the second spiritual picture of when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] kindle upon thee  reminds us of Daniel 3:24-27. In this passage we learn how God protected His three servants from the fire, which is a spiritual portrait, among other truths, of the fact that all of God’s saints are protected spiritually by God Himself:

Then Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonied, and rose up in haste, [and] spake, and said unto his counsellors, Did not we cast three men bound into the midst of the fire? They answered and said unto the king, True, O king. {25} He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God. {26} Then Nebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace, [and] spake, and said, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, ye servants of the most high God, come forth, and come [hither]. Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, came forth of the midst of the fire.{27} And the princes, governors, and captains, and the king's counsellors, being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had passed on them. 

The following notices all speak of judgment. Let’s begin with the same term of the flame, found in Isaiah 47:14, which is directed towards the Babylonians (or Chaldeans) that God used to being His judgment against Judah and Jerusalem historically (typifying the end time churches and denominations): 

Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]: [there shall] not [be] a coal to warm at, [nor] fire to sit before it.

Jeremiah 48:45 presents another portrait of retribution in which the Amorites under King Sihon are victorious over the Moabites (who spiritually represent God’s corporate people):  

They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

Lamentations 2:3 further depicts God’s vengeance against His own house first: He hath cut off in [his] fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned against Jacob like a flaming [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] fire, [which] devoureth round about.

Verse 47 of Ezekiel 20:44-48 is another denunciation directed towards God’s corporate people:  And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have wrought with you for my name's sake, not according to your wicked ways, nor according to your corrupt doings, O ye house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD. {45} Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {46} Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

{47} And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]  flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. {48} And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.

We have run out of time for today’s lesson.  Lord permitting, in our next study we will continue looking at the last few passages in which thai second word appears, and then investigate the third and final word in this flame “word-family.” 

Judges 13 - Part 31

 July 29, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 31 and today’s date is July 29, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:15-25,

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

During the last few studies we have been focusing on the term, when the flame… in verse 20. We have delved into the three words that make up this particular “word-family” in order to showcase a very helpful Bible study aid, The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. This valuable resource groups the  3000 + Hebrew and Aramaic roots (aka, shoresh), from which the 8,674 words in the Old Testament are derived from. In our previous study there were still a few passages to consider before moving on to the third and final word in this “word-family,” which I would like to now address:

Flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT* 1077b] 

Verse 33 of Daniel 11:31-36 is set against the backdrop of the time and season of the Great Tribulation (May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011) during which God allowed Satan to infiltrate all churches and denominations worldwide, and without exception, in order for God to commence His judgment beginning at His own house first:  

And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. {32} And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do [exploits]. {33} And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b], by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days. {34} Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. {35} And [some] of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make [them] white, [even] to the time of the end: because [it is] yet for a time appointed. {36} And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.

Similarly, verse 6 of Hosea 7:1-10 renders this term as a flaming: When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, [and] the troop of robbers spoileth without. {2} And they consider not  

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

in their hearts [that] I remember all their wickedness: now their own doings have beset them about; they are before my face. {3} They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies. {4} They [are] all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker, [who] ceaseth from raising after he hath kneaded the dough, until it be leavened. {5} In the day of our king the princes have made [him] sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners. {6} For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]  fire. {7} They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges; all their kings are fallen: [there is] none among them that calleth unto me. {8} Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned. {9} Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth [it] not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not. {10} And the pride of Israel testifieth to his face: and they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek him for all this.

This is also the case in verse 19 of Joel 1:14-20, in which this word is translated and the flame:  Sanctify ye a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders [and] all the inhabitants of the land [into] the house of the LORD your God, and cry unto the LORD, {15} Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD [is] at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come. {16} Is not the meat cut off before our eyes, [yea], joy and gladness from the house of our God? {17} The seed is rotten under their clods, the garners are laid desolate, the barns are broken down; for the corn is withered. {18} How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.  {19} O LORD, to thee will I cry: for the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and the flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] hath burned all the trees of the field. {20} The beasts of the field cry also unto thee: for the rivers of waters are dried up, and the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.

However, in verse 3 of Joel 2:1-11 this is expressed as them a flame in this passage which points to our present “day” of judgment, and is reminiscent of the locusts in Revelation 9, who represent God’s elect:  

Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand; {2} A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. {3} A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b]  burneth: the land [is] as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them. {4} The appearance of them [is] as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run. {5} Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array. {6} Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness. {7} They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks: {8} Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and [when] they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded. {9} They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief. {10} The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: {11} And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it?

Obadiah 1 is concerned with Edom or Esau, who typifies unsaved man, and this chapter speaks about God’s judgment upon mankind currently; in verse 18 this term emerges as a flame; I’ll read verses 15-18, 

For the day of the LORD [is] near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head. {16} For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, [so] shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been. {17} But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions. {18} And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b], and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be [any] remaining of the house of Esau; for the LORD hath spoken [it].

Now we can turn our attention to the third and final expression in this “word-family,” which is also translated flame in the three occurrences in which it surfaces:

Flame [shalhebeth:H7957/TWOT 1077c]

The first entry is is in verse 30 of Job 15:20-35 which further characterizes the final end of the non-elect; this expression arises as the flame:

The wicked man travaileth with pain all [his] days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor. {21} A dreadful sound [is] in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him. {22} He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword. {23} He wandereth abroad for bread, [saying], Where [is it]? he knoweth that the day of darkness is ready at his hand. {24} Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid; they shall prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle. {25} For he stretcheth out his hand against God, and strengtheneth himself against the Almighty. {26} He runneth upon him, [even] on [his] neck, upon the thick bosses of his bucklers: {27} Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on [his] flanks. {28} And he dwelleth in desolate cities, [and] in houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps. {29} He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth. {30} He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame [shalhebeth:H7957/TWOT 1077c] shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away. {31} Let not him that is deceived trust in vanity: for vanity shall be his recompence. {32} It shall be accomplished before his time, and his branch shall not be green. {33} He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, and shall cast off his flower as the olive. {34} For the congregation of hypocrites [shall be] desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery. {35} They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit.

Verse 6 of Song of Solomon 8:1-7 includes this word as most vehement flame:

O that thou [wert] as my brother, that sucked the breasts of my mother! [when] I should find thee without, I would kiss thee; yea, I should not be despised. {2} I would lead thee, [and] bring thee into my mother's house, [who] would instruct me: I would cause thee to drink of spiced wine of the juice of my pomegranate. {3} His left hand [should be] under my head, and his right hand should embrace me. {4} I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, that ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, until he please. {5} Who [is] this that cometh up from the wilderness, leaning upon her beloved? I raised thee up under the apple tree: there thy mother brought thee forth: there she brought thee forth [that] bare thee. {6} Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame. [shalhebeth:H7957/TWOT 1077c]  {7} Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it: if [a] man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would utterly be contemned.

The last citation in which this word emerges is found in Ezekiel 20:47 as flame; curiously this Hebrew noun is right next to the previous one (H3852) translated a flaming in this verse. I’ll read Ezekiel 20:41-49, 

And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country [for] the which I lifted up mine hand to give it to your fathers. {43} And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have been defiled; and ye shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils that ye have committed. {44} And ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have wrought with you for my name's sake, not according to your wicked ways, nor according to your corrupt doings, O ye house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD. {45} Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {46} Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field; {47} And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming [lehaba:H3852/TWOT 1077b] flame [shalhebeth:H7957/TWOT 1077c] shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. {48} And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched. {49} Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! they say of me, Doth he not speak parables?

This concludes our examination of all the verses in these three terms in this specific “word family” in the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. In our next lesson we will draw some conclusions as to their spiritual significance and how they might relate to each other. Then, Lord permitting, we will investigate the rest of verse 20.