Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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Judges 13 - Part 15

 May 30, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 15 and today’s date is May 29, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:6-14,

Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name: {7} But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean [thing]: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death. {8} Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born. {9} And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband [was] not with her. {10} And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the [other] day. {11} And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, [Art] thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I [am]. {12} And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and [how] shall we do unto him? {13} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware. {14} She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe.

In our previous study, we left off at the last part of verse 9 …but Manoah her husband [was] not with her. We discovered that spiritually …the field is the world… according to Matthew 13:38a. The word sat (yashab:H3427/TWOT* 922) is primarily rendered as dwell, so we can understand that prior to salvation

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

God’s elect were dwelling or living in the world, even though Christ had already secured their salvation at …the foundation of the world, but had not yet applied that salvation to them, so in that sense they are like a spiritual widow. In fact God uses the threefold metaphors of widows, fatherless, and strangers (or foreigners) to represent God’s elect who during the day of salvation had not had their souls regenerated.  Here are a few illustrations:

Psalm 146:9 maintains:  The LORD preserveth the strangers; he relieveth the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down.

Zechariah 7:10 likewise reveals: And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.

Let’s proceed to verse 10 which states:

And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the [other] day.

And The Woman [’ishshah:H802/TWOT 137a] Made Haste [mahar:H4116/TWOT 1152]

The phrase, And the woman made haste is made up of two terms that only surface together again in two other passages, both of which are found in the book of 1 Samuel: 

Verse 42 of 1 Samuel 25:39-42 recounts some of the events the led up to David marrying Abigail; these words are translated hasted and his wife:  And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed [be] the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife. {40} And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife. {41} And she arose, and bowed herself on [her] face to the earth, and said, Behold, [let] thine handmaid [be] a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord. {42} And Abigail hasted [mahar:H4116/TWOT 1152], and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife. [’ishshah:H802/TWOT 137a] 

Verse 24 of 1 Samuel 28:19-25 records one of the last episodes of King Saul’s life as he visits the witch at Endor, seeking counsel from her: Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow [shalt] thou and thy sons [be] with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines. {20} Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night. {21} And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me. {22} Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way. {23} But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed. {24} And the woman [’ishshah:H802/TWOT 137a] had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted [mahar:H4116/TWOT 1152], and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded [it], and did bake unleavened bread thereof: {25} And she brought [it] before Saul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.  

In the case of David and Abigail we see another portrait of Christ marrying the Bride of Christ, as David had multiple wives. The spiritual picture with regards to King Saul (who is a type of the corporate church in rebellion against God) is a very somber one, as he was not saved even as this soothsayer was not, although they exchanged kindness to one another. With regards to Manoah’s wife (who also represents the elect) we see the same eagerness and earnestness to have her husband (typifying Christ) involved in any and all matters, even as the elect desire the same of their spiritual Husband, wanting only God’s will to be accomplished as Proverbs 3:5-6 and Proverbs 31:10-31 respectively teach:

Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. {6} In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.

Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies. {11} The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil. {12} She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life. {13} She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands. {14} She is like the merchants' ships; she bringeth her food from afar. {15} She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens. {16} She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard. {17} She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms. {18} She perceiveth that her merchandise [is] good: her candle goeth not out by night. {19} She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff. {20} She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy. {21} She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household [are] clothed with scarlet. {22} She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing [is] silk and purple. {23} Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land. {24} She maketh fine linen, and selleth [it]; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant. {25} Strength and honour [are] her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come. {26} She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue [is] the law of kindness. {27} She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness. {28} Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband [also], and he praiseth her. {29} Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all. {30} Favour [is] deceitful, and beauty [is] vain: [but] a woman [that] feareth the LORD, she shall be praised. {31} Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.

And Ran [ruwts:H7323/TWOT 2137] And Shewed [nagad:H5046/TWOT 1289]

The idea of urgency or making haste is also seen in the next two expressions, in which Manoah’s wife ran and shewed her husband…

These two words, and ran along with and shewed are also found in five Scriptures, and we will consider three of them: 

Verse 28 of Genesis 24:26-28 records how God orchestrated certain events for Abraham’s most trusted servant who had been given the task of finding a wife for Isaac from among Abraham’s relatives; these expressions are rendered ran and told: 

And the man [Abraham’s servant] bowed down his head, and worshipped the LORD. {27} And he said, Blessed [be] the LORD God of my master Abraham, who hath not left destitute my master of his mercy and his truth: I [being] in the way, the LORD led me to the house of my master's brethren.{28} And the damsel ran [ruwts:H7323/TWOT 2137], and told [nagad:H5046/TWOT 1289] [them of] her mother's house these things.

A similar account crops up in verse 12 of Genesis 29:4-12 with respect to Jacob, when Isaac and Rebekah sent him to their relatives in order to escape Esau’s anger; once again these terms are expressed as and she ran and told: 

And Jacob said unto them, My brethren, whence [be] ye? And they said, Of Haran [are] we. {5} And he said unto them, Know ye Laban the son of Nahor? And they said, We know [him]. {6} And he said unto them, [Is] he well? And they said, [He is] well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh with the sheep. {7} And he said, Lo, [it is] yet high day, neither [is it] time that the cattle should be gathered together: water ye the sheep, and go [and] feed [them]. {8} And they said, We cannot, until all the flocks be gathered together, and [till] they roll the stone from the well's mouth; then we water the sheep. {9} And while he yet spake with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep: for she kept them. {10} And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, that Jacob went near, and rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock of Laban his mother's brother. {11} And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up his voice, and wept.{12} And Jacob told Rachel that he [was] her father's brother, and that he [was] Rebekah's son: and she ran [ruwts:H7323/TWOT 2137] and told [nagad:H5046/TWOT 1289] her father.

The next citation involves the fall of Babylon (or Satan’s kingdom), that God used to bring judgment against His own house first, namely the end-time churches and denominations that had rebelled against Him in verse 31 of Jeremiah 51:24-37. This of course portrays what is taking place in our world currently as God is both dividing Satan’s kingdom (this world) and punishing it. Curiously, the term for run is repeated three times as one post, shall run, and another; additionally, the word shewed is rendered twice as and one messenger along with another:  

And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD. {25} Behold, I [am] against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. {26} And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD. {27} Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers. {28} Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion. {29} And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant. {30} The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in [their] holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken. {31} One post [ruwts:H7323/TWOT 2137] shall run [ruwts:H7323/TWOT 2137] to meet another [ruwts:H7323/TWOT 2137], and one messenger [nagad:H5046/TWOT 1289] to meet another [nagad:H5046/TWOT 1289], to shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at [one] end, {32} And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. {33} For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon [is] like a threshingfloor, [it is] time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come. {34} Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out. {35} The violence done to me and to my flesh [be] upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say. {36} Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry. {37} And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.  [Christ]

Well on that solemn note, we have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue our examination of Judges 13:10.

Judges 13 - Part 16

 June 13, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 16 and today’s date is June 13, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:6-14,

Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name: {7} But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean [thing]: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death. {8} Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born. {9} And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband [was] not with her. {10} And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the [other] day. {11} And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, [Art] thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I [am]. {12} And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and [how] shall we do unto him? {13} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware. {14} She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe.

Before we begin today’s study I want to mention a typo in verse 6, which somehow slipped my attention since Part 10. I inadvertently deleted the phrase, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name. I also went back and corrected those transcripts on BMI’s website, but not in the audio files, so please take note of that. 

Today we want to examine verse 11, as we have already considered most of the words in verse 10 in our earlier lessons:  And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, [Art] thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I [am]. 

Arose [quwm:H6965/TWOT* 1999] And Went [yalak:H3212/TWOT 498] After [’achar:H310/TWOT 68b, c] His Wife [’ishshah:H802/TWOT 137a]

In the historical context, God answered Manoah’s petition in verse 8… 

Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God [’Elohiym:H430/TWOT 93c] which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born. 

So when his wife eagerly explained that the man of God had appeared to her again, he followed his wife in order to get more information from the man of God. Incidentally, the expression, God, is the plural form or ’Elohiym. We have already learned that spiritually Manoah exemplifies Christ and his wife, the Bride of Christ. The phrase …arose and went after his wife… is also seen in another historical parable which was mentioned in Part 15 regarding one of David’s wives, Abigail (who was formerly married to Nabal) in 1 Samuel 25:42,

And Abigail hasted, and arose [quwm:H6965/TWOT 1999], and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went [yalak:H3212/TWOT 498] after [’achar:H310/TWOT 68b, c] the messengers of David, and became his wife. [’ishshah:H802/TWOT 137a]

The idea of Christ seeking a wife is one of the most important Biblical themes (if not the most)  that runs throughout the entire Bible, and is seen in many historical parables. In fact the entire book of Song of Solomon highlights this magnificent aspect which is the very crux of God’s salvation program.   

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

Manoah then asks the man of ’Elohiym (or Christ) if He was the one that spoke to the woman (his wife). Again, in the historical context, we note that this was the first time that Manoah actually saw the angel of Jehovah. However, spiritually we recognize that the angel of Jehovah is always speaking to the elect (typified by Manoah’s wife) by His word, according to the various times and seasons in which God communicated to His saints. Before the Bible was completed around 90 or 95 AD this took the form of dreams, visions, visitations, as well as miraculous healings, and even raising people from the dead. All of these were given to verify that God’s prophets were indeed sent by God as we read in Hosea 12:10,

I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets. 

Numbers 12:6 also adds: And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, [I] the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, [and] will speak unto him in a dream.

That said, after the Bible was completed whenever one reads of signs and wonders, visions, or other supernatural manifestations in the Bible, they are Satanic in nature, according to 2 Thessalonians 2:8-10,  2 Corinthians 11:13-15 and Matthew 24:24 respectively:

And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: {9{ [Even him], whose coming is after against the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, {10} And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

2 Corinthians 11:13-15 makes this solemn declaration: For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. {14} And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. {15} Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works. 

Matthew 24:24 foretells: For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.

Spakest [dabar:H1696/TWOT 399] & The Woman [’ishshah:H802/ TWOT 137a]

Let’s now turn our attention to the two terms, spakest and the woman and see how God employs them elsewhere in Scripture:

Verse 7 of Genesis 24:1-9 includes these two terms which are rendered as spake along with a wife, in yet another historical parable in which Abraham sends his most trusted servant in order to secure a wife for his son Isaac from among Abraham’s relatives; once again we witness another portrait of God procuring a wife (the elect) for the Lord Jesus Christ (represented by Isaac):

And Abraham was old, [and] well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things. {2} And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh: {3} And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell: {4} But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac. {5} And the servant said unto him, Peradventure the woman will not be willing to follow me unto this land: must I needs bring thy son again unto the land from whence thou camest? {6} And Abraham said unto him, Beware thou that thou bring not my son thither again. {7} The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake [dabar:H1696/TWOT 399] unto me, and that sware unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife [’ishshah:H802/ TWOT 137a] unto my son from thence. {8} And if the woman will not be willing to follow thee, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath: only bring not my son thither again. {9} And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, and sware to him concerning that matter. 

This same spiritual picture surfaces in connection with the Nazarite vow in Numbers 6:2, Speak [dabar:H1696/TWOT 399] unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When either man or woman [’ishshah:H802/ TWOT 137a] shall separate [themselves] to vow a vow of a Nazarite, to separate [themselves] unto the LORD: 

We will also encounter these two terms again with respect to Samson’s marriage to a Philistine woman in verse 7 of Judges 14:1-7, in which they appear as and talked and with the woman, which serves to illustrate the same spiritual reality:

And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines. {2} And he came up, and told his father and his mother, and said, I have seen a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines: now therefore get her for me to wife. {3} Then his father and his mother said unto him, [Is there] never a woman among the daughters of thy brethren, or among all my people, that thou goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised Philistines? And Samson said unto his father, Get her for me; for she pleaseth me well. {4} But his father and his mother knew not that it [was] of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel. {5} Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold, a young lion roared against him. {6} And the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and [he had] nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done. {7} And he went down, and talked [dabar:H1696/TWOT 399] with the woman [’ishshah:H802/ TWOT 137a]; and she pleased Samson well.

I [’aniy:H589/TWOT 129]

The last expression is the first person singular pronoun, I, as the angel of ’Elohiym (Christ) replies to Manoah’s question as to whether He was the One that spoke to Manoah’s wife previously. This same usage is also found in other passages in which a response to a question is elicited as the subsequent Scriptures affirm:

It occurs in verse 24 of  Genesis 27:18-24 with regard to Isaac’s probing question to who he thinks is Esau:  And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here [am] I; who [art] thou, my son? {19} And Jacob said unto his father, I [am] Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. {20} And Isaac said unto his son, How [is it] that thou hast found [it] so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD thy God brought [it] to me. {21} And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou [be] my very son Esau or not. {22} And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice [is] Jacob's voice, but the hands [are] the hands of Esau. {23} And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him. {24} And he said, [Art] thou my very son Esau? And he said, I [am]. [’aniy:H589/TWOT 129]

Another entry is in verse 8 of 1 Kings 18:7-15, And as Obadiah was in the way, behold, Elijah met him: and he knew him, and fell on his face, and said, [Art] thou that my lord Elijah? {8} And he answered him, I [’aniy:H589/TWOT 129] [am]: go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah [is here]. {9} And he said, What have I sinned, that thou wouldest deliver thy servant into the hand of Ahab, to slay me? {10} [As] the LORD thy God liveth, there is no nation or kingdom, whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee: and when they said, [He is] not [there]; he took an oath of the kingdom and nation, that they found thee not. {11} And now thou sayest, Go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah [is here]. {12} And it shall come to pass, [as soon as] I am gone from thee, that the Spirit of the LORD shall carry thee whither I know not; and [so] when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find thee, he shall slay me: but I thy servant fear the LORD from my youth. {13} Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of the LORD, how I hid an hundred men of the LORD'S prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water? {14} And now thou sayest, Go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah [is here]: and he shall slay me. {15} And Elijah said, [As] the LORD of hosts liveth, before whom I stand, I will surely shew myself unto him to day.

Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study, we will begin examining verse 12.

Judges 13 - Part 17

 June 17, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 17 and today’s date is June 17, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:6-14,

Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name: {7} But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean [thing]: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death. {8} Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born. {9} And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband [was] not with her. {10} And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the [other] day. {11} And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, [Art] thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I [am]. {12} And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and [how] shall we do unto him? {13} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware. {14} She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe.

We have arrived at verse 12 in our ongoing examination of the book of Judges. Verse 12 includes an affirmation and two questions that he presents to the angel of Jehovah (Who is the Lord Jesus Christ). We have discovered that Manoah can be a representation of the Lord Jesus Christ as well and his wife a type of the Bride of Christ. So we wonder if this still holds true in this verse as well? So keep that thought in mind as we work through this interesting passage. Let’s begin by first considering the affirmation that Manoah declares to the angel of Jehovah:Now let thy words come to pass. This statement is made up of two main terms, thy words and let come to pass. 

Let Thy Words [dabar:H1697/TWOT* 399a] Come To Pass [bow’:H935/TWOT 212] 

One recognizes that God’s will is inextricably linked to His Word, so the admission let thy words come to pass signifies let thy will be done, which is a major theme that runs from Genesis to Revelation. These two terms, let thy words and come to pass surface together again in 149 other Scriptures, and we will mention some of these:

Actually we encountered these two expressions back in verse 20 of Judges 3:20-22, when we were discussing the exploits of Judge Ehud (another type of Christ) who killed Eglon the king of the Moab (typifying Satan); these two words are translated as 

And Ehud came [bow’:H935/TWOT 212] unto him [Eglon]; and he [Eglon] was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a]  from God unto thee. And he arose out of [his] seat. {21} And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly: {22} And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.

We will also see these two words again in verse 17 of Judges 13, in which they are rendered as thy sayings and come to pass: And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a] come to pass [bow’:H935/TWOT 212] we may do thee honour?

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

Genesis 42:20 records Joseph’s strategy to get his half brothers to bring Benjamin to him; these terms are expressed as But bring and me; so shall your words:     

But bring [bow’:H935/TWOT 212] your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a] be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.

In fact, verse 19 of Psalm 105:17-19 speaks of what Joseph had to endure prior to being promoted as vice-regent over all of Egypt; these terms appear as that his word and came:  

He sent a man before them, [even] Joseph, [who] was sold for a servant: {18} Whose feet they hurt with fetters: he was laid in iron: {19}Until the time that his word [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a] came [bow’:H935/TWOT 212]: the word of the LORD tried him.

In verses 7 and 9 of Exodus 19:3-9 these two words are rendered again as came and word(s); please note the thrust of the context which as to do with obedience to the Word and Will of God, which is the true definition of Biblical love:  

And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; {4} Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and [how] I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. {5} Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: {6} And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. {7} And Moses came [bow’:H935/TWOT 212] and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a] which the LORD commanded him. {8} And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. {9}And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come [bow’:H935/TWOT 212]  unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a] of the people unto the LORD.

Verse 11 of Amos 8:11-12 spiritually characterizes one aspect of the Great Tribulation, in which these words are expressed as come and the word:  Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: {12} And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a]  of the LORD, and shall not find [it].

We now want to turn our attention to the first of the two questions that Manoah asked of the angel of Jehovah: … How shall we order the child, and [how] shall we do unto him?  

We have already seen this word child in verses 5, 7, 8 and here in verse 12, and it will also emerge again for the fifth time in verse 24, in which Samson is actually named. So with that in mind, let’s focus on the terms, shall we order as well as and [how] shall we do.

Shall We Order [mishpat:H4941/TWOT2443c] & The Child [na‘ar:H5288/TWOT 1389a]

Incidentally the two words, shall we order and the child are only found again in 1 Samuel 2:15, as custom and servant. However this verse is in the larger context of a historical parable involving  judgment beginning at God’s house first, typified by the High Priest Eli and his two wicked sons, Hophni and Phineas. I’ll read verses 12-17, and 22-25:

Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD. {13} And the priests' custom with the people [was, that], when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; {14} And he struck [it] into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. {15} Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw. {16} And [if] any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and [then] take [as much] as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, [Nay]; but thou shalt give [it me] now: and if not, I will take [it] by force. {17} Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD. ... {22} Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. {23} And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this people. {24} Nay, my sons; for [it is] no good report that I hear: ye make the LORD'S people to transgress. {25} If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.

The Hebrew word that is translated as order or custom is predominantly rendered as judgment, which can be confusing, but we have to bear in mind that Manoah is asking the angel of Jehovah how he and his wife are to “raise” this child. We know this from verses 4-5, and 7 that we considered previously; these injunctions regarding the Nazarite vow will also be repeated in verses 13 and 14. The New Testament also helps us to see this as well, according to Ephesians 6:4 within the confines of a family: 

And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture [instruction and/or chastisement] and admonition [“teaching”] of the Lord.

Proverbs 22:6 similarly exhorts: Train up [“dedicate” - hanak:H2593/TWOT 693]  a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it. 

The knowledge of how to raise the child is also inherent in the word, and [how] shall we do, which is primarily rendered as work, as the subsequent examples illustrate:

And [How] Shall We Do [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a]

This word is translated as the noun and the work in Exodus 18:20; additionally we also find the verb that it stems from which is rendered, they must do:  

And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a]

 that they must do. [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]

Notice that what is to be taught are ordinances and laws - which is the Word of God - that governs lifestyle or “walking” in God’s precepts which influences every area of one’s life.  

To drive home this point and by contrast, God issues this warning in Leviticus 18:3; this term is expressed as after the doings (twice), and once again the verb that it is derived from, is included as do (twice):   

After the doings [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a] of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]: and after the doings [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a] of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708, 1709]: neither shall ye walk in their ordinances.

Proverbs 16:3 and 11 render this word as Commit thy works  [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a]  unto the LORD, and thy thoughts shall be established. ... {11} A just weight and balance [are] the LORD'S: all the weights of the bag [are] his work.  [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a] 

In Ecclesiastes 3:17 this expression is also included as work:  I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for [there is] a time there for every purpose and for every work. [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a] 

Last, but certainly not least, Isaiah 26:12 maintains that in the life of the child of God, God Himself  performs all the works that are done to the glory of God: LORD, thou wilt ordain peace for us: for thou also hast wrought all our works  [ma`aseh:H4639/TWOT 1708a]  in us.

This statement comports with what we read in Ephesians 2:10 and Philippians 2:13 to name a few examples:

For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of [his] good pleasure.

On that wonderful note we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next study we will move on to verse 13.

Judges 13 - Part 18

 June 20, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 18 and today’s date is June 20, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:6-14,

Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name: {7} But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean [thing]: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death. {8} Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born. {9} And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband [was] not with her. {10} And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the [other] day. {11} And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, [Art] thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I [am]. {12} And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and [how] shall we do unto him? {13} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware. {14} She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe.

We are down to verse 13, and we have already considered these words in some of our previous studies, as the angel of Jehovah reiterates to Manoah that his wife is to obey what He had previously instructed her to do in verses 4-5 and 7,

Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean [thing]: {5} For, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines. ... {7} But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean [thing]: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.

Moving on to verse 14 we find these admonitions repeated, and a new one is also introduced by the first phrase, She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine… which would include such things as grapes (including the seeds) raisins, maybe even grape leaves (which are eaten in some of the Mediterranean countries.) 

She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe.

Eat [`aklal:H398/TWOT* 85]  & Cometh [yatsa’:H3318/TWOT 893] Of The Vine [gephen:H1612/TWOT 372a]

The three expressions, eat along with cometh of the vine only appear together again in two parallel citations - 2 Kings 18-19 and Isaiah 36-37. I’ll read the two chapters in Isaiah, and these three terms surface in Isaiah 36:16. Keep in mind that God used the Assyrians to bring His judgment against the 10 northern tribes (Samaria) in 709 BC. However He did not allow the Assyrians to conquer  the southern kingdom (Judah), but instead used the Babylonians to conquer the southern kingdom precisely 100 years later in 609 BC. In both cases the Assyrians and Babylonians typify Satan whom God used to infiltrate all the churches and denominations worldwide, and without exception at the beginning of the Great Tribulation on May 21, 1988, after using that Divine Institution for 1955 years: 

 Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, [that] Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them. {2} And the king of Assyria sent  Rabshakeh 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field. {3} Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son, which was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder. {4} And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence [is] this wherein thou trustest? {5} I say, [sayest thou], (but [they are but] vain words) [I have] counsel and strength for war: now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? {6} Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him. {7} But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God: [is it] not he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar? {8} Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them. {9} How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? {10} And am I now come up without the LORD against this land to destroy it? the LORD said unto me, Go up against this land, and destroy it. {11} Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand [it]: and speak not to us in the Jews' language, in the ears of the people that [are] on the wall. {12} But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master and to thee to speak these words? [hath he] not [sent me] to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you? {13} Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria. {14} Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you. {15} Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us: this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria. {16} Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make [an agreement] with me [by] a present, and come out [yatsa’:H3318/TWOT 893] to me: and eat [`aklal:H398/TWOT 85] ye every one of his vine [gephen:H1612/TWOT 372a], and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern; {17} Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards. {18} [Beware] lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? {19} Where [are] 

the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand? {20} Who [are they] among all the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand? {21} But they held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not. {22} Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that [was] over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with [their] clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh. {37:1} And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard [it], that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. {2} And he sent Eliakim, who [was] over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz. {3} And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and [there is] not strength to bring forth. {4} It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that is left. {5} So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. {6} And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. {7} Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land. {8} So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish. {9} And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, He is come forth to make war with thee. And when he heard [it], he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, {10} Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God, in whom thou trustest, deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria. {11} Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands by destroying them utterly; and shalt thou be delivered? {12} Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Telassar? {13} Where [is] the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? {14} And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD. {15} And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying, {16} O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest [between] the cherubims, thou [art] the God, [even] thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth. {17} Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God. {18} Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries, {19} And have cast their gods into the fire: for they [were] no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them. {20} Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou [art] the LORD, [even] thou only. {21} Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria: {22} This [is] the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, [and] laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee. {23} Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted [thy] voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? [even] against the Holy One of Israel. {24} By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, [and] the forest of his Carmel. {25} I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places. {26} Hast thou not heard long ago, [how] I have done it; [and] of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities [into] ruinous heaps. {27} Therefore their inhabitants [were] of small power, they were dismayed and confounded: they were [as] the grass of the field, and [as] the green herb, [as] the grass on the housetops, and [as corn] blasted before it be grown up. {28} But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me. {29} Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest. {30} And this [shall be] a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat [this] year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof. {31} And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward: {32} For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the LORD of hosts shall do this. {33} Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shields, nor cast a bank against it. {34} By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the LORD. {35} For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. {36} Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses. {37} So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. {38} And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

In this account we find that King of Assyria’s representative is promising the Jews in Isaiah 36:16 to …eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;   

The metaphors of the vine as well as the fig tree point to national Israel, and God uses them, along with waters and cistern in both a positive (blessing) as well as in a negative (judgment) sense, which because of time I am not able to elaborate on in this study. You also might be wondering, as I am, how this might relate to the angel of Jehovah’s prohibition to Manoah’s wife to not eat or drink anything that is derived from grapes. I will attempt to answer these questions and explore this matter further in our next study., Lord willing.

Judges 13 - Part 19

 June 22, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 19 and today’s date is June 22, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:14-25,

She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe. {15} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

In our previous study we spent just about all of our time focused on some key words in verse 14, eat and cometh of the vine, in which the angel of Jehovah was reminding Manoah of what He had commanded Manoah’s wife to implement with regard to raising Samson. We also discovered that these three terms only surface in two other parallel accounts in Isaiah 36 and 2 Kings 18, and we read through both Isaiah 36 and 37 that deal with the King of Assyria’s unsuccessful attempt to conquer Judah, even as He had previously vanquished Samaria in 709 BC. We noted that God had reserved that privilege for the Babylonians under King Nebuchadnezzar precisely 100 years later in 609 BC. Our attention was concentrated on verse 16 of Isaiah 36:15-18, as these three words are rendered as and come out, me: and eat, and of his vine:

Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us: this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria. {16} Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make [an agreement] with me [by] a present, and come out [yatsa’:H3318/TWOT 893] to me: and eat [`aklal:H398/TWOT 85] ye every one of his vine [gephen:H1612/TWOT 372a], and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern; {17} Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards. {18} [Beware] lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? 

Notice the allegations against Jehovah in verses 15 and 18 which serve as bookends, if you will for what is being declared in verses 16-17, in which the King of Assyria’s representative - a man by the name of Rabshakeh - arrogantly utters to King Hezekiah and his rulers, and to all the inhabitants of Judah. His threats carried tremendous weight, even as King Hezekiah mentions in his heartfelt plea to God to intervene on their behalf  in Isaiah 37:15-20,

And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying, {16} O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest [between] the cherubims, thou [art] the God, [even] thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth. {17} Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God. {18} Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries, {19} And have cast their gods into the fire: for they [were] no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them. {20} Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou [art] the LORD, [even] thou only.  

This puny little King of Assyria and his army were no match for the God of the Bible Who has unlimited power and might, and Who responded to these blasphemous assertions, by killing the entire Assyrian army of 185,000 men one night, without a “shot being fired” as it were. 

In our previous study I mentioned that Rabshekah “promised” certain blessings to the Jews, not unlike the blessings that God Himself had initially promised His corporate people if they obeyed His commands. These words of Rabshakeh as I mentioned earlier are in Isaiah 36:16-17,

Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make [an agreement] with me [by] a present, and come out [yatsa’:H3318/TWOT 893] to me: and eat [`aklal:H398/TWOT 85] ye every one of his vine [gephen:H1612/TWOT 372a], and every one of his fig tree [t@’en:H8384/TWOT 2490], and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern; {17} Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.

These “promises” are in themselves snares, even as the proponents of all false gospels put forth to entice their spiritually blind followers, by promising them life, yet are incapable of making good on those promises since they are under the domination of their spiritual father, Satan. This is seen very clearly in Ezekiel 13 as God denounces the spiritual rulers of national Israel, who abdicated God’s command to nourish His “flock” with the Words of Eternal Life. I’ll read Ezekiel 13, verses 1-9; 16-17; and 22-23,

And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {2} Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel that prophesy, and say thou unto them that prophesy out of their own hearts, Hear ye the word of the LORD; 

{3} Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! {4} O Israel, thy prophets are like the foxes in the deserts. {5} Ye have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD. {6} They have seen vanity and lying divination, saying, The LORD saith: and the LORD hath not sent them: and they have made [others] to hope that they would confirm the word. {7} Have ye not seen a vain vision, and have ye not spoken a lying divination, whereas ye say, The LORD saith [it]; albeit I have not spoken? {8} Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because ye have spoken vanity, and seen lies, therefore, behold, I [am] against you, saith the Lord GOD. {9} And mine hand shall be upon the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of my people, neither shall they be written in the writing of the house of Israel, neither shall they enter into the land of Israel; and ye shall know that I [am] the Lord GOD. ... {16} [To wit], the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and [there is] no peace, saith the Lord GOD. {17} Likewise, thou son of man, set thy face against the daughters of thy people, which prophesy out of their own heart; and prophesy thou against them, ... {22} Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life: {23} Therefore ye shall see no more vanity, nor divine divinations: for I will deliver my people out of your hand: and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.

Vine [gephen:H1612/TWOT 372a] & Of His Fig Tree [t@’en:H8384/TWOT*2490]

The metaphors of the vine as well as the fig tree, point to national Israel, and God uses them in both a positive (blessing) as well as in a negative (judgment) sense, 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

as Deuteronomy 8:1-11 affirm as God looks ahead to when the Israelites will inhabit the land of Canaan, which typifies the Kingdom of God; notice too, how verses 1 and 11 serve to bracket verses 2-10 by highlighting the absolute necessity of obeying God’s injunctions: 

All the commandments which I command thee this day shall ye observe to do, that ye may live, and multiply, and go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers. {2} And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. {3} And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live. {4} Thy raiment waxed not old upon thee, neither did thy foot swell, these forty years. {5} Thou shalt also consider in thine heart, that, as a man chasteneth his son, [so] the LORD thy God chasteneth thee. {6} Therefore thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, and to fear him. {7} For the LORD thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; {8} A land of wheat, and barley, and vines [gephen:H1612/TWOT 372a], and fig trees [t@’en:H8384/TWOT 2490], and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey; {9} A land wherein thou shalt eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any [thing] in it; a land whose stones [are] iron, and out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass. {10} When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which he hath given thee. {11} Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy God, in not keeping his commandments, and his judgments, and his statutes, which I command thee this day: 

So how do we relate this to the fact that Manoah’s wife was not to eat or drink anything related to the vine or grapes, as we have learned? This also impinges on the Nazarite vow, even though what the angel of Jehovah told Manoah’s wife and then reiterated to Manoah himself differs to some extent with the Nazarite vow, which itself was apparently for a specific length of time, whereas in Samson’s case it would last from birth to death. In light of this, it might be a good idea to look at Numbers 6:1-21, as I said we would do, once we finished with verse 14:

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {2} Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When either man or woman shall separate [themselves] to vow a vow of a Nazarite, to separate[themselves] unto the LORD: {3} He shall separate [himself] from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried. {4} All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, from the kernels even to the husk. {5} All the days of the vow of his separation there shall no razor come upon his head: until the days be fulfilled, in the which he separateth [himself] unto the LORD, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow. {6} All the days that he separateth [himself] unto the LORD he shall come at no dead body. {7} He shall not make himself unclean for his father, or for his mother, for his brother, or for his sister, when they die: because the consecration of his God is upon his head. {8} All the days of his separation he is holy unto the LORD. {9} And if any man die very suddenly by him, and he hath defiled the head of his consecration; then he shall shave his head in the day of his cleansing, on the seventh day shall he shave it. {10} And on the eighth day he shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons, to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: {11} And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, and make an atonement for him, for that he sinned by the dead, and shall hallow his head that same day. {12} And he shall consecrate unto the LORD the days of his separation, and shall bring a lamb of the first year for a trespass offering: but the days that were before shall be lost, because his separation was defiled. {13} And this is the law of the Nazarite, when the days of his separation are fulfilled: he shall be brought unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: {14} And he shall offer his offering unto the LORD, one he lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt offering, and one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish for a sin offering, and one ram without blemish for peace offerings, {15} And a basket of unleavened bread, cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, and wafers of unleavened bread anointed with oil, and their meat offering, and their drink offerings. {16} And the priest shall bring them before the LORD, and shall offer his sin offering, and his burnt offering: {17} And he shall offer the ram [for] a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the LORD, with the basket of unleavened bread: the priest shall offer also his meat offering, and his drink offering. {18} And the Nazarite shall shave the head of his separation at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall take the hair of the head of his separation, and put it in the fire which is under the sacrifice of the peace offerings. {19} And the priest shall take the sodden shoulder of the ram, and one unleavened cake out of the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them upon the hands of the Nazarite, after [the hair] of his separation is shaven: {20} And the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before the LORD: this is holy for the priest, with the wave breast and heave shoulder: and after that the Nazarite may drink wine. {21} This is the law of the Nazarite who hath vowed, [and of] his offering unto the LORD for his separation, beside [that] that his hand shall get: according to the vow which he vowed, so he must do after the law of his separation.

Let’s stop here as we have run out of time, and we will pick this up in our next study.

Judges 13 - Part 20

 June 24, 2022

Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 13 - Part 20 and today’s date is June 24, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 13:14-25,

She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe. {15} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee. {16} And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {17} And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What [is] thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour? {18} And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it [is] secret? {19} So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered [it] upon a rock unto the LORD: and [the angel] did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on. {20} For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on [it], and fell on their faces to the ground. {21} But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he [was] an angel of the LORD. {22} And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. {23} But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these [things], nor would as at this time have told us [such things] as these. {24} And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him. {25} And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Toward the end of our  previous lesson we considered the vow of the Nazarite in Numbers 6 again. As Mr. Camping  worked on the character of Samson as part of his study in the book of Hebrews, which I would like to draw from in today’s study as his comments are noteworthy:

  • One of the observations he made was that one does not read of anyone in the Bible who actually took such a vow.

  • Even in Samson’s case, as I alluded to in our last study, there are differences in what the Nazarite vow states in Numbers 6, with what the angel of Jehovah told Manoah’s wife (and Manoah).

Differences Between Numbers 6 And Judges 13 

Let’s take a closer look at some of these.

  1. In Numbers 6 a man or a woman obligated themselves to take such a vow, as Numbers 6:2 stipulates, which does not appear in Judges 13,

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When either man or woman shall separate [themselves] to vow a vow of a Nazarite, to separate[themselves] unto the LORD

  1. Numbers 6:3-4 acknowledges in great detail that no part of the vine is to be consumed, including the skin or the seeds of grapes including vinegar: 

He shall separate [himself] from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried. {4} All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, from the kernels even to the husk.

  1. Furthermore, the Nazarite was forbidden to touch a dead body in Numbers 6:6-7 but we do not find this in Judges 13,

All the days that he separateth [himself] unto the LORD he shall come at no dead body. {7} He shall not make himself unclean for his father, or for his mother, for his brother, or for his sister, when they die: because the consecration of his God [is] upon his head.

  1. Judges 13:4, 7, and 14 on the other hand maintain that the Nazarite was not to eat anything unclean, but this prohibition is not mentioned in Numbers 6,

Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean [thing]: ... {7} But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean [thing]: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death. ... {14} She may not eat of any [thing] that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean [thing]: all that I commanded her let her observe.

In conclusion we see that there are similarities between these two accounts, but there are also a number of distinct disparities.

Jesus Christ Is The Perfect Nazarite

In Judges 13:7 we learned that Manoah’s  wife was not allowed to drink wine or strong drink which would have been passed on to the baby in her womb. Thus Samson was a Nazarite from the womb to his death. Mr. Camping arrived at the understanding that spiritually only the Lord Jesus Christ could have obeyed the Nazarite vow, even as He perfectly obeyed every jot and tittle of the Law of God, as Matthew 5:17-18 teach,

Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. {18} For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot [iota:G2503; the 10th letter of the Greek alphabet; the 8th and smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet - yodh (  י )apparently makes up each letter of the Hebrew alphabet] or one tittle [keraia:G2762 - the tiniest part of a Hebrew letter; from qeren:H7161, horn] shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.   

Types And Figures Are Imperfect

We have learned that God uses types and figures to exemplify spiritual personages. For example, Nebuchanezzar can personify Satan, or in the case of Samson, he can typify Christ. Aaron the first High Priest was also a type and figure of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who is the ultimate High Priest. All types and figures, by nature, are imperfect, even as Aaron was a sinful man as all mankind is infected with sin. However this is not true of Melchisedec because He is not a type and figure, but is actually the Lord Jesus Christ in human form as He appeared as both King of Salem (i.e., King of Peace) and King of Righteousness. In fact, He is the very embodiment of both Peace and Righteousness, which are just two of His glorious names, according to Isaiah 9:6 and 1 John 2:1 respectively:

 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:

In spite of not being a perfect type and figure of Christ in keeping the Nazarite vow, God used Samson in this capacity.

God’s Elect Are Spiritual Nazarites

Mr. Camping goes on to discuss that God’s elect are spiritual Nazarites. This was developed a bit in Part  7.

A Nazarite [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b]

‍The term a Nazarite, is translated as either Nazarite, undressed, or separate. By the way, this expression is part of  a “word-family” that stems from a word that is primarily rendered as separated or consecrated (nazar:H5144/TWOT 1340). 

‍Verse 16 of Deuteronomy 33:13-17 renders this word as of him [that was] separated referring to Joseph who is an outstanding spiritual portrait of the Savior: 

And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD [be] his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath, {14} And for the precious fruits [brought forth] by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon, {15} And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills, {16} And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and [for] the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let [the blessing] come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him [that was] separated [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b]  from his brethren. {17} His glory [is like] the firstling of his bullock, and his horns [are like] the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they [are] the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they [are] the thousands of Manasseh.

The nature of the Nazarites as a portrait of the elect is also seen in Lamentations 4:7,  Her Nazarites [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b] were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing [was] of sapphire:

Amos 2:11-12 also liken the Nazarites to the elect as prophets who declare the Word of God: And I raised up of your sons for prophets, and of your young men for Nazarites. [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b]  [Is it] not even thus, O ye children of Israel? saith the LORD. {12} But ye gave the Nazarites [Naziyr:H5139/TWOT 1340b] wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.  

The Spiritual Reason That The Nazarite Vow Prohibited Eating And Drinking Of The Vine

Mr. Camping then went on to discuss why the Nazarite vow prohibited eating and drinking of the vine. This had to do with the fact that the vine related to the Body of Christ spiritually, as well as to corporate Israel and their New Testament counterpart, the churches and denominations. Isaiah 5 as well as in John 15 refer to each of these two entities: 

Verse 7 of Isaiah 5:1-7 shows the rebellion of God’s corporate people against God, which incurred God’s wrath. In the first instance this took the form of God divorcing national Israel; and in the second, God simply abandoned the churches and denominations.

  

Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: {2} And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. {3} And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. {4} What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? {5} And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down: {6} And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it. {7} For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

By contrast, God’s elect who make up the Bride of Christ and are spoken of as being in Christ, or in the Vine as John 15:1-5 reveals:

I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. {2} Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. {3} Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you. {4} Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. {5} I am the vine, ye [are] the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. {6} If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned. {7} If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. {8} Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples. {9} As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love. {10} If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love. {11} These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and [that] your joy might be full.

  

Mr. Camping concluded by saying that the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Vine, is the personification of a Nazarite; and as such, He could not derive any sustenance or strength from the body of believers at the foundation of the world, where payment for sin was actually made. In other words, Christ, as the True Nazarite, could not have any part of the body of believers who form the branches of the Vine. Christ was alone at the foundation of the world as we read in Isaiah 63:3,

I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.

This is why God says in Numbers 6:4: All the days of his separation shall he eat nothing that is made of the vine tree, from the kernels even to the husk.

Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue investigating some of the other aspects related to the Nazarite vow.