Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

Select which series you would like to hear

 Judges 11 - Part 24

  December 31, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 24 and today’s date is December 31, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:29-33,


Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over [unto] the children of Ammon. {30} And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, {31} Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. {32} So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands. {33} And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.


In our last study we left off at the latter part of verse 31, and the expression to meet, or qir’ah (H7125).


To Meet [qir’ah:H7125] 


This Hebrew noun is predominantly translated as meet or against  and it occurs over 120 times. The following passages illustrate some of the ways that God employs this term, which can identify with either a peaceful meeting or a hostile one.


We have encountered this word four times before in some of the other chapters in the book of Judges; in each case it is rendered to meet, except in Judges 7:24, in which it is translated as against, since Gideon and his men are getting ready to confront …the Amalekites and the Midianites and the children of the east… in battle:


Judges 4:18 and 22 record, And Jael went out to meet [qir’ah:H7125] Sisera, and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not. And when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a mantle. ... {22} And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet [qir’ah:H7125] him, and said unto him, Come, and I will shew thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he came into her [tent], behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail [was] in his temples.


In Judges 6:35 we find Gideon recruiting his army from the tribes of Manasseh, Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali: And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh; who also was gathered after him: and he sent messengers unto Asher, and unto Zebulun, and unto Naphtali; and they came up to meet [qir’ah:H7125]them.


Then in Judges 7:24, Gideon enlists the help of those in Mount Ephraim to finish the battle: And Gideon sent messengers throughout all mount Ephraim, saying, Come down against [qir’ah:H7125]  the Midianites, and take before them the waters unto Bethbarah and Jordan. Then all the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and took the waters unto Bethbarah and Jordan.


As we make our way through the book of Judges, by God’s grace, we will discover this term again in the subsequent references, including Judges 11:34, in which Jephthah’s daughter is the first to come out of his home to greet Jephthah, and celebrate his victory over the Ammonites: 


And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet [qir’ah:H7125] him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.


In Judges 14:5 this word is expressed as against:  Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold, a young lion roared against [qir’ah:H7125] him.


In Judges 15:14 with respect to Samson it is also rendered against:  [And] when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against [qir’ah:H7125]  him: and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and the cords that [were] upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.


This is also the case in Judges 19:3, which is a historical parable that portrays God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: 


And her husband arose, and went after her, to speak friendly unto her, [and] to bring her again, having his servant with him, and a couple of asses: and she brought him into her father's house: and when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to meet [qir’ah:H7125] him.


Judges 20:25 and 31contain this term in this chapter which recounts the aftermath of what took place in Judges 19, as all the tribes were united to fight with the tribe of Benjamin, who was responsible for the death of the concubine in Chapter 19: 


And Benjamin went forth against [qir’ah:H7125] them out of Gibeah the second day, and destroyed down to the ground of the children of Israel again eighteen thousand men; all these drew the sword. ... {31} And the children of Benjamin went out against [qir’ah:H7125] the people, [and] were drawn away from the city; and they began to smite of the people, [and] kill, as at other times, in the highways, of which one goeth up to the house of God, and the other to Gibeah in the field, about thirty men of Israel.


Me When I Return [shuwb:H7725] In Peace [shalowm:H7965]


We now want to turn out attention to the next phrase in verse 31, …me, when I return in peace…which is comprised of two words that are found in 22 other citations, some of which are included below:


When we were researching Judges 8, we ran across these two expressions in verse 9 of Judges 8:4-9 and 15-17, in which they appear as When I come again and in peace:


And Gideon came to Jordan, [and] passed over, he, and the three hundred men that [were] with him, faint, yet pursuing [them]. {5} And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they [be] faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian. {6} And the princes of Succoth said, [Are] the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thine army? {7} And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers. {8} And he went up thence to Penuel, and spake unto them likewise: and the men of Penuel answered him as the men of Succoth had answered [him]. {9} And he spake also unto the men of Penuel, saying, When I come again [shuwb:H7725]  in peace, I will break down this tower. ... {15} And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did upbraid me, saying, [Are] the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thy men [that are] weary? {16} And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth. {17} And he beat down the tower of Penuel, and slew the men of the city.


Verse 21 of Genesis 28:10-22 translates these words as So that I come again along with in peace [shalowm:H7965]:  


And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran. {11} And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put [them for] his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. {12} And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. {13} And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I [am] the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed; {14} And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. {15} And, behold, I [am] with thee, and will keep thee in all [places] whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done [that] which I have spoken to thee of. {16} And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew [it] not. {17} And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful [is] this place! this [is] none other but the house of God, and this [is] the gate of heaven. {18} And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put [for] his pillows, and set it up [for] a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. {19} And he called the name of that place Bethel [or “house of God”]: but the name of that city [was called] Luz [a nut tree - possibly hazel or almond] at the first. {20} And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, {21} So that I come again [shuwb:H7725] to my father's house in peace [shalowm:H7965]; then shall the LORD be my God: {22} And this stone, which I have set [for] a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee. 


Let’s look at one more passage - verse 8 of Psalm 85:1-8, in which these words are expressed as peace and turn again:


[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.] LORD, thou hast been favourable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob. {2} Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah. {3} Thou hast taken away all thy wrath: thou hast turned [thyself] from the fierceness of thine anger. {4} Turn us, O God of our salvation, and cause thine anger toward us to cease. {5} Wilt thou be angry with us for ever? wilt thou draw out thine anger to all generations? {6} Wilt thou not revive us again: that thy people may rejoice in thee? {7} Shew us thy mercy, O LORD, and grant us thy salvation. {8} I will hear what God the LORD will speak: for he will speak peace [shalowm:H7965] unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again [shuwb:H7725] to folly.


The next phrase in Judges 11:31 that we have not already considered, consists of two expressions: And I will offer it up and for a burnt offering. These two words in their root form are identical (except for the vowel pointing).


And I Will Offer It Up [`alah:H5927] For a Burnt Offering [`olah:H5930]


The subsequent Scriptures illustrate how God utilizes these two terms:


We encountered these two words in Judges 6:26, in which Gideon obeyed this directive from Jehovah: And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer [`alah:H5927] a burnt sacrifice [`olah:H5930] with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.


Verses 2 and 13 of Genesis 22:1-19 include these two terms in this historical parable concerning the sacrifice of Abraham’s only son (typifying the atonement of the Savior at the foundation of the world, as well as the demonstration in 33 AD). Moreover, this account is analogous to Jephthah offering up his only daughter as a burnt offering. Incidentally on BMI’s YouTube channel there is an (audio) series on Genesis 22, titled Thine Only Son Isaac, should you wish to explore this chapter in greater detail. 


Genesis 22:1-19 states:  And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, [here] I [am]. {2} And he said, Take now thy son, thine only [son] Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer [`alah:H5927] him there for a burnt offering [`olah:H5930] upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. {3} And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him. {4} Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. {5} And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you. {6} And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid [it] upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together. {7} And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here [am] I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where [is] the lamb for a burnt offering? {8} And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together. {9} And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. {10} And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. {11} And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here [am] I. {12} And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] from me. {13} And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind [him] a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up [`alah:H5927] for a burnt offering [`olah:H5930] in the stead of his son. {14} And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said [to] this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen. {15} And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, {16} And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]: {17} That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which [is] upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; {18} And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. {19} So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.


In similar fashion, 2 Samuel 24 (and the parallel chapter in 1 Chronicles 21) also pictures the sacrifice of Christ; furthermore the location where this takes place in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite (in Jerusalem), is also the same spot where the foundation of the Temple was laid, and going back in time, the precise site in which Abraham was to sacrifice Isaac that we just read about. Additionally it marked the place, going forward in time, where Christ would hang on the Cross, outside the city walls of Jerusalem. These two words emerge in verses 22, and 24-25 of 2 Samuel 24:10-25,


And David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now, I beseech thee, O LORD, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly. {11} For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying, {12} Go and say unto David, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three [things]; choose thee one of them, that I may [do it] unto thee. {13} So Gad came to David, and told him, and said unto him, Shall seven years of famine come unto thee in thy land? or wilt thou flee three months before thine enemies, while they pursue thee? or that there be three days' pestilence in thy land? now advise, and see what answer I shall return to him that sent me. {14} And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let us fall now into the hand of the LORD; for his mercies [are] great: and let me not fall into the hand of man. {15} So the LORD sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time appointed: and there died of the people from Dan even to Beersheba seventy thousand men. {16} And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite. {17} And David spake unto the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my father's house. {18} And Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite. {19} And David, according to the saying of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded. {20} And Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him: and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king on his face upon the ground. {21} And Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the threshingfloor of thee, to build an altar unto the LORD, that the plague may be stayed from the people. {22} And Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up [`alah:H5927] what [seemeth] good unto him: behold, [here be] oxen for burnt sacrifice [`olah:H5930], and threshing instruments and [other] instruments of the oxen for wood. {23} All these [things] did Araunah, [as] a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee. {24} And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy [it] of thee at a price: neither will I offer [`alah:H5927] burnt offerings [`olah:H5930] unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. {25} And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered [`alah:H5927] burnt offerings [`olah:H5930] and peace offerings. So the LORD was intreated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.


We have to conclude today’s study as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will commence by looking at verse 32.

Judges 11 - Part 25

 January 3, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 25 and today’s date is January 3, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:29-33,


Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over [unto] the children of Ammon. {30} And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, {31} Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. {32} So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands. {33} And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.


We have arrived at verse 32 in our examination of Judges 11, however we have already discussed all of the words in this verse, and some of them in verse 33. Minith is one word that we have not researched.


Minnith [Minniyth:H4511]


Minnith is only mentioned again in Ezekiel 27:17 in association with wheat, which spiritually points to the Bread of Life:  


Judah, and the land of Israel, they [were] thy merchants: they traded in thy market wheat of Minnith [Minniyth:H4511], and Pannag, and honey, and oil, and balm.


Honey also typifies the Word of God, and oil represents the Holy Spirit. Balm was used as a medicinal cure, such as the balm of Gilead, where Jephthah was from.

Twenty [`esriym:H6242] [s-ream] Cities [`iyr:H5892] [ear]


The next two words that we want to investigate are twenty or `esriym [s-ream] and cities or `iyr  [ear]. They are only found together in verse 11 of 1 Kings 9:10-14,


And it came to pass at the end of twenty [`esriym:H6242] years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king's house, {11} ([Now] Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty [`esriym:H6242] cities [`iyr:H5892]  in the land of Galilee. {12} And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not. {13} And he said, What cities [are] these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul [Kabuwl:H3521] unto this day. {14} And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.


Apparently Hiram was not very pleased with these 20 cities that Solomon gave him, as indicated by this word Cabul. Cabul stems from the noun kebel (H3525), and denotes something binding or restrictive, and is only found in two other highly significant citations:


Verse 18 of Psalm 105:17-22 focuses on Joseph’s afflictions, as He portrays the Messiah spiritually, in which this term is rendered with fetters:


He sent a man before them, [even] Joseph, [who] was sold for a servant: {18} Whose feet they hurt with fetters [kebel:H3525]: he was laid in iron: {19} Until the time that his word came: the word of the LORD tried him. {20} The king sent and loosed him; [even] the ruler of the people, and let him go free. {21} He made him lord of his house, and ruler of all his substance: {22} To bind his princes at his pleasure; and teach his senators wisdom.


The other account is in verse 8 of Psalm 149:5-9 which is part of the “new commission” that God has mandated His elect to carry out in this present “day” of judgment:


Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds. {6} [Let] the high [praises] of God [be] in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; {7} To execute vengeance upon the heathen, [and] punishments upon the people; {8} To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters [kebel:H3525] of iron; {9} To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.


The backstory to what we read in 1 Kings 9:10-14 is in 1 Kings 5:1-12 that describes the league that King Solomon made with Hiram king of Tyre:


And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David. {2} And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, {3} Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. {4} But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, [so that there is] neither adversary nor evil occurrent. {5} And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name. {6} Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that [there is] not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians. {7} And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed [be] the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people. {8} And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: [and] I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. {9} My servants shall bring [them] down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive [them]: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. {10} So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees [according to] all his desire. {11} And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat [for] food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year. {12} And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.


Given the above information, I’m not sure of the parabolic ramifications of these twenty cities that the Ammonites possessed, but perhaps this will come into clearer focus as we make our way through the rest of verse 33. What we do know is that the Ammonites (like the Moabites) parabolically represent the churches and denominations that fell under the wrath of God. The number 20 can also be broken down into 2 X 10. The integer 2 typifies the “custodians of the Gospel” and the number 10  “the completeness of whatever is in view.” In this case, this would amount to the complete destruction of the churches and denominations. They were that formerly Divine institution that God commissioned to bring the Gospel to the world. However, as a result of their spiritual idolatry, God both judged and abandoned them, worldwide and without exception,  even though He gave them “space to repent” as He announced to the 7 churches in the book of Revelation. That “space to repent” was the 1955 (May 22, 33 AD - May 21, 1988) years of the era of the church age, but sadly, they did not repent!  


The Plain [’abel:H58] [ah-vail] Of The Vineyards [kerem:H3754] [keh-rem]


The next phrase in Judges 11:33 is the plain of the vineyards, or the meadow of the vineyards [Abel Keramim:H64]  which is also a compound word. The term for plain or meadow is derived from an unused word, and is only used in this verse. In light of that, let’s consider the expression, of the vineyards or kerem, and Lord willing, God might open our eyes to see the spiritual dimension in this word.


Of The Vineyards [kerem:H3754] [keh-rem]


A most noteworthy illustration of the spiritual connotations of the vineyard is found in Isaiah 5:1-30 in which this term surfaces in verses 1, 3-5, 7, and 10.


Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. [kerem:H3754] My wellbeloved hath a vineyard [kerem:H3754] in a very fruitful hill: {2} And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. [i.e., a stench] {3} And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. [kerem:H3754] {4} What could have been done more to my vineyard [kerem:H3754], that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? [i.e., a stench]  {5} And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard [kerem:H3754]: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down: {6} And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it. {7} For the vineyard [kerem:H3754] of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry. {8} Woe unto them that join house to house, [that] lay field to field, till [there be] no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth! {9} In mine ears [said] the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, [even] great and fair, without inhabitant. {10} Yea, ten acres of vineyard [kerem:H3754] shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah. {11} Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them! {12} And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands. {13} Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because [they have] no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. {14} Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. {15} And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled: {16} But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness. {17} Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat. {18} Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope: {19} That say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it]! {20} Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! {21} Woe unto [them that are] wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! {22} Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: {23} Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him! {24} Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. {25} Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases [were] torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still. {26} And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly: {27} None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken: {28} Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind: {29} Their roaring [shall be] like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry [it] away safe, and none shall deliver [it]. {30} And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.


The vineyard is spiritually defined in verse 7: For the vineyard [kerem:H3754] of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry. Judah and Israel were the outward representation of the Kingdom of God on earth. And God judged and divorced them for their spiritual idolatry as He was married to them. The divorce (as Deuteronomy 24:1 outlines) went into effect when Christ hung on the Cross (in demonstration of the Atonement at the foundation of the world) and the veil  of the Temple was torn from top to bottom, signifying that the Holy of Holies was no longer “holy,” neither were the Jews the “holy people” (except for a remnant chosen by grace), neither was Jerusalem the “holy city.” However Israel and Judah also exemplify the New Testament churches and denominations that fell under God’s wrath for their spiritual idolatry.


Luke 20:9-19 is the New Testament parable of the vineyard, which portrays the sin of Israel and Judah, and the subsequent transition from them as the external representation of the Kingdom of God on earth, to the New Testament churches and denominations instead:


Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, [ampelon:G290] and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time. {10} And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard [ampelon:G290]: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent [him] away empty. {11} And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated [him] shamefully, and sent [him] away empty. {12} And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast [him] out. {13} Then said the lord of the vineyard [ampelon:G290], What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence [him] when they see him. {14} But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. {15} So they cast him out of the vineyard [ampelon:G290], and killed [him]. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard [ampelon:G290] do unto them? {16} He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard [ampelon:G290] to others. And when they heard [it], they said, God forbid. {17} And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? {18} Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. {19} And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them. 


With A Very [m@`od:H3956] Great [gadowl:H1419] Slaughter [makkah:H4347] 


The next phrase in Judges 11:33 is …with a very great slaughter…, which is made up of three terms that surface in three other citations:


The background of Joshua 10:20 has to do with five Amorite kings that came against the Gibeonites (who picture God’s elect) who had made a league with Israel, and they asked help from Joshua and the Israelites: And it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of slaying them with a very [m@`od:H3956] great [gadowl:H1419]  slaughter [makkah:H4347], till they were consumed, that the rest [which] remained of them entered into fenced cities.


However the backdrop of 1 Samuel 4:10 had to with God’s judgment against His own house first in this historical parable in which Israel is vanquished: And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very [m@`od:H3956] great [gadowl:H1419]  slaughter [makkah:H4347]; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.


God’s judgment against His own house first is also in view in Jeremiah 14 and in verse 17 these three words emerge: Therefore thou shalt say this word unto them; Let mine eyes run down with tears night and day, and let them not cease: for the virgin daughter of my people is broken with a great [gadowl:H1419] breach, with a very [m@`od:H3956] grievous blow. [makkah:H4347]


We’ve run out of time, so Lord willing, in our next lesson we will continue looking verse 33, and proceed to verse 34.

Judges 11 - Part 26

 January 5, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 26 and today’s date is January 5, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


We have arrived at the last word that we have not previously looked at in verse 33 which is were subdued, or kana` (H3665) referring to the Ammonites that were defeated by Jephthah and his forces.


Were Subdued [kana`:H3665] 


We have encountered this expression in some of the earlier chapters of the book of Judges as the following citations show, and like our present verse, show that God had subdued or humbled (which is the second most frequent translation of this word) the enemy forces that fought against Israel:


In Judges 3:30 we learn this with respect to the Moabites, under the leadership of Judge Ehud: Moab was subdued [kana`:H3665] that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.


This is also the case in Judges 4:23 with respect to Jabin, king of Canaan, and his commander Sisera, by Barak and Judge Deborah (who represent Christ and the Word of God respectively): So God subdued [kana`:H3665] on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel.


Similarly, in Judges 8:28 the Midianites are defeated by Judge Gideon and his men: Thus was Midian subdued [kana`:H3665]  before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon.


Here are a few more illustrations of how God employs this word:


Verse 3 of Deuteronomy 9:1-5 reiterates God’s promise to His people that He would subdue their enemies in the land of Canaan so they could possess it; this term is rendered shall being them down: 


Hear, O Israel: Thou [art] to pass over Jordan this day, to go in to possess nations greater and mightier than thyself, cities great and fenced up to heaven, {2} A people great and tall, the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest, and [of whom] thou hast heard [say], Who can stand before the children of Anak! {3} Understand therefore this day, that the LORD thy God [is] he which goeth over before thee; [as] a consuming fire he shall destroy them, and he shall bring them down [kana`:H3665] before thy face: so shalt thou drive them out, and destroy them quickly, as the LORD hath said unto thee. {4} Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the LORD thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my righteousness the LORD hath brought me in to possess this land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD doth drive them out from before thee. {5} Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart, dost thou go to possess their land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee, and that he may perform the word which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.


Verse 12 of Job 40:9-13 includes this term as bring him low: Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him? {10} Deck thyself now [with] majesty and excellency; and array thyself with glory and beauty. {11} Cast abroad the rage of thy wrath: and behold every one [that is] proud, and abase him. {12} Look on every one [that is] proud, [and] bring him low [kana`:H3665]; and tread down the wicked in their place. {13} Hide them in the dust together; [and] bind their faces in secret.


One last passage that we can look at before we proceed to verse 34 is verse 42 of  Psalm 106:40-43 that recounts Israel’s rebellion and God’s subsequent punishment by the heathen nations, which is part of the familiar cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest that characterizes the entire book of Judges; this word is expressed as …them, and they were brought into subjection:  


Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people, insomuch that he abhorred his own inheritance. {41} And he gave them into the hand of the heathen; and they that hated them ruled over them. {42} Their enemies also oppressed them, and they were brought into subjection [kana`:H3665] under their hand. {43} Many times did he deliver them; but they provoked [him] with their counsel, and were brought low for their iniquity.


This brings us to verse 34 which states: And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter. 


These last seven verses in this chapter constitute a historical parable, which we will be examining in depth, to see what God might reveal to us. Since we have looked at some of these words in our earlier studies, I will begin with the two terms, his daughter and came out:


His Daughter [bat:H1323] Came Out [yatsa’:H3318]


These two expressions emerge in 19 other references, and we will consider a few of them: 


As we continue in the book of Judges, Lord willing, we will run across this word again in Judges 19:24 and Judges 21:21 respectively: 



You might recall that Judges 19 is another historical parable dealing with God’s judgment beginning at His own house first; in verse 24 these words are expressed as my daughter and them will I bring out:   Behold, [here is] my daughter [bat:H1323] a maiden, and his concubine; them I will bring out  [yatsa’:H3318] now, and humble ye them, and do with them what seemeth good unto you: but unto this man do not so vile a thing.


Judges 21:21 renders these as the daughters and come out: And see, and, behold, if the daughters [bat:H1323]  of Shiloh come out [yatsa’:H3318]  to dance in dances, then come ye out [yatsa’:H3318]  of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.


Here are some additional illustrations:



Genesis 19:14 states: And Lot went out [yatsa’:H3318], and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters [bat:H1323], and said, Up, get you out [yatsa’:H3318]  of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.


Ruth 1:13 poses these question: Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters [bat:H1323] ; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out [yatsa’:H3318] against me.


Ruth 2:22 likewise asserts:  And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, [It is] good, my daughter [bat:H1323], that thou go out [yatsa’:H3318]  with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field.


2 Samuel 13:18 concerns the rape of Tamar, and these terms are rendered as daughters and brought: And [she had] a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters [bat:H1323]  [that were] virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought [yatsa’:H3318]  her out, and bolted the door after her.


Only Child [yachiyd:H3173] 


I want to skip ahead to the designation only child concerning Jephthah’s daughter for a minute before examining the phrase …to meet him with timbrels and with dances… God is emphasizing the fact that she was his only child  by the last phrase in this verse as well: …beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  This expression only child appears again in 11 other notices, primarily as only or only son/child, but also as darling, desolate, and solitary as these next passages indicate:


One cannot help but be reminded of the account of Abraham sacrificing Isaac (typifying the Savior), in which this word appears three times in Genesis 22 in verses 2, 12, and 16; I’ll read verses 1-18 as this is such an incredibly moving account with respect to Christ being the firstborn or firstbegotten from the dead:


And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, [here] I [am]. {2} And he said, Take now thy son, thine only [son] [yachiyd:H3173] Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. {3} And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him. {4} Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. {5} And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you. {6} And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid [it] upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together. {7} And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here [am] I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where [is] the lamb for a burnt offering? {8} And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together. {9} And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. {10} And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. {11} And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here [am] I. {12} And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] [yachiyd:H3173] from me. {13} And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind [him] a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. {14} And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said [to] this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen. {15} And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, {16} And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] [yachiyd:H3173]: {17} That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which [is] upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; {18} And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.






Verse 20 of Psalm 22:1-22 is a Messianic psalm pointing to the Atonement in the first instance at the foundation of the world, and secondly, in the demonstration in 33 AD; this term is expressed as my darling: 


[To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.] My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [why art thou so] far from helping me, [and from] the words of my roaring? {2} O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent. {3} But thou [art] holy, [O thou] that inhabitest the praises of Israel. {4} Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them. {5} They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded. {6} But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. {7} All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying], {8} He trusted on the LORD [that] he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. {9} But thou [art] he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope [when I was] upon my mother's breasts. {10} I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou [art] my God from my mother's belly. {11} Be not far from me; for trouble [is] near; for [there is] none to help. {12} Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round. {13} They gaped upon me [with] their mouths, [as] a ravening and a roaring lion. {14} I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. {15} My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. {16} For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. {17} I may tell all my bones: they look [and] stare upon me. {18} They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. {19} But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me. {20} Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling [yachiyd:H3173] from the power of the dog. {21} Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns. {22} I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.



Similarly, verse 16 of Psalm 25:12-21 include this term as desolate: 


What man [is] he that feareth the LORD? him shall he teach in the way [that] he shall choose. {13} His soul shall dwell at ease; and his seed shall inherit the earth. {14} The secret of the LORD [is] with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant. {15} Mine eyes [are] ever toward the LORD; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net. {16} Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I [am] desolate [yachiyd:H3173] and afflicted. {17} The troubles of my heart are enlarged: [O] bring thou me out of my distresses. {18} Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins. {19} Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred. {20} O keep my soul, and deliver me: let me not be ashamed; for I put my trust in thee. {21} Let integrity and uprightness preserve me; for I wait on thee.


Verse 6 of Psalm 68:1-6 translates this word as solitary: [To the chief Musician, A Psalm [or] Song of David.] Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him. {2} As smoke is driven away, [so] drive [them] away: as wax melteth before the fire, [so] let the wicked perish at the presence of God. {3} But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before God: yea, let them exceedingly rejoice. {4} Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him. {5} A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, [is] God in his holy habitation. {6} God setteth the solitary [yachiyd:H3173] in families: he bringeth out those which are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell in a dry [land].


We have to conclude today’s study, but Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will examine the rest of verse 34 of this wonderful historical parable. 

Judges 11 - Part 27

 January 10, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 27 and today’s date is January 10, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


In today’s study we want to investigate one remaining phrase in verse 34, namely …to meet him with timbrels and with dances… in which Jephthah’s daughter celebrates the arrival of her father and his victory over the Ammonites.


To Meet [qir’ah:H7125] Him With Timbrels [toph:H8596] And With Dances [m@chowlah:H4246]


These three terms are only found together again in verse 6 of 1 Samuel 18; to get some of the context I’ll read from 1 Samuel 17:55-58 and 1 Samuel 18:1-9. These events take place after David (representing the Lord Jesus Christ) killed Goliath (who typifies Satan) which is a historical parable, and was a cause for great rejoicing just as in our account with Jephthah and his daughter:


And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son [is] this youth? And Abner said, [As] thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. {56} And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling [is]. {57} And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. {58} And Saul said to him, Whose son [art] thou, [thou] young man? And David answered, I [am] the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite. {18:1} And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. {2} And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house. {3} Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. {4} And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that [was] upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle. {5} And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, [and] behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants. {6} And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing [m@chowlah:H4246], to meet [qir’ah:H7125]  king Saul, with tabrets [toph:H8596], with joy, and with instruments of musick. {7} And the women answered [one another] as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. {8} And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed [but] thousands: and [what] can he have more but the kingdom? {9} And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.


However in the case of Jephthah and his daughter the joy is quickly turned into sorrow, as this historical parable veers off into an altogether different direction spiritually which will be developed more fully in verses 34-40. But before commencing that I would like to spend some extra time looking at these expressions individually, him with timbrels and with dances, since we have not encountered these terms in any of the chapters of Judges that we have researched thus far.


Him With Timbrels [toph:H8596] 


The word timbrel or tabret which is how this term is translated, is essentially a tambourine, and surfaces in 15 other citations (excluding 1 Samuel 18:6 that was discussed earlier) which we will be examining, because music plays such a key role in worship, and is intimately connected with every single verse in the Bible which is meant to be sung as well as spoken, according to the melody that God has divinely inserted in every single verse of the Bible, by way of various musical notations or symbols - and not just in the Psalms which most are familiar with.


Verse 27 of Genesis 31:26-32 records Laban’s question to Jacob (which incidentally is another historical parable in which Laban exemplifies Satan, and Jacob, the Lord Jesus Christ); this word is expressed as with tabret: 


And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and carried away my daughters, as captives [taken] with the sword? {27} Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret [toph:H8596], and with harp? {28} And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and my daughters? thou hast now done foolishly in [so] doing. {29} It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but the God of your father spake unto me yesternight, saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad. {30} And now, [though] thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy father's house, [yet] wherefore hast thou stolen my gods? {31} And Jacob answered and said to Laban, Because I was afraid: for I said, Peradventure thou wouldest take by force thy daughters from me. {32} With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what [is] thine with me, and take [it] to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them.


Exodus 15:1-21 is a victory song celebrating God’s triumph over Pharaoh and the entire Egyptian army that drowned in the Red Sea. This term is rendered as a timbrel and  her with timbrels. Incidentally, the expression that follows, and with dances, is the same as and dancing in Judges 11:34; I’ll just read verses 20-21:   


And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel [toph:H8596]  in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels  [toph:H8596] and with dances. [m@chowlah:H4246] {21} And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.


Verse 5 of 1 Samuel 10:5-8 concerns King Saul - God’s choice for a king - since the people had rejected God and His perfect rule, to choose a king in order to be like all the other nations in the world:


After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where [is] the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret [toph:H8596], and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:


Verse 5 of 2 Samuel 6:1-5 (and the parallel passage in 1 Chronicles 13:8)  records the return of the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, in which this term is expressed as and on timbrels:    


Again, David gathered together all [the] chosen [men] of Israel, thirty thousand. {2} And David arose, and went with all the people that [were] with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth [between] the cherubims. {3} And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that [was] in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. {4} And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which [was] at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark. {5} And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of [instruments made of] fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels [toph:H8596], and on cornets, and on cymbals.


Job 21 is a chapter that has much to say about the wicked, and in verse 12 the timbrel crops up again; I’ll read verses 7-13,  


Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power? {8} Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes. {9} Their houses [are] safe from fear, neither [is] the rod of God upon them. {10} Their bull gendereth, and faileth not; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf. {11} They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance. {12} They take the timbrel [toph:H8596] and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ. {13} They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave. 


Verse 2 of Psalm 81:1-4 also contains this word, hither the timbrel: [To the chief Musician upon Gittith, [A Psalm] of Asaph.] Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob.{2} Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel [toph:H8596], the pleasant harp with the psaltery. {3} Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. {4} For this [was] a statute for Israel, [and] a law of the God of Jacob.


Psalm 149:1-9 is set in the context of our current “day” of judgment, and in verse three this is expressed as unto him with the timbrel, as God gives His people their “marching orders” for this particular “time and season;” please note the twofold activities (along with “feeding God’s sheep”) of singing, praising, dance, and rejoicing in Jehovah, in addition to declaring God’s wrath upon the inhabitants of planet earth during this critical time:


Praise ye the LORD. Sing unto the LORD a new song, [and] his praise in the congregation of saints. {2} Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King. {3} Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel [toph:H8596] and harp. {4} For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation. {5} Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds. {6} [Let] the high [praises] of God [be] in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; {7} To execute vengeance upon the heathen, [and] punishments upon the people; {8} To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; {9} To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.


The following citations are the remaining Scriptures that incorporate this word, timbrel or toph:


Psalm 150:1-6 is completely dedicated to praising and worshipping God; in verse four our word is translated as him with the timbrel [notice the 13 times “praise” is used]:


Praise ye the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power. {2} Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to his excellent greatness. {3} Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp. {4} Praise him with the timbrel [toph:H8596] and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs. {5} Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals. {6} Let every thing that hath breath praise the LORD. Praise ye the LORD.


Isaiah 5 is a chapter in which God denounces national Israel (typifying the churches and denominations for their idolatry against Him; verse 12 of 11-16, include this term as the tabret again: 


Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them! {12} And the harp, and the viol, the tabret [toph:H8596], and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands. {13} Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because [they have] no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. {14} Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. {15} And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled: {16} But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness.


Isaiah 24 is another chapter that deals with our present prolonged “day” of judgment, and in verse 8 we learn that there is no more salvation available, which is what these musical figures are pointing to: The mirth of tabrets [toph:H8596] ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.


Verse 30 of Isaiah is another chapter in which both God’s judgment upon His corporate people is in view, along with His mercy on His elect; verse 32 renders this as with tabrets:


And [in] every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, [it] shall be with tabrets [toph:H8596] and harps: and in battles of shaking will he fight with it. 


Similarly, Jeremiah 31 is a chapter that focuses on God’s promises to His redeemed saints and in verse 4 this expressions surfaces as with thy tabrets: 


At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people. {2} Thus saith the LORD, The people [which were] left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; [even] Israel, when I went to cause him to rest. {3} The LORD hath appeared of old unto me, [saying], Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee. {4} Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets [toph:H8596], and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry.

The last entry is in Ezekiel 28:13 also acknowledges: Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets [toph:H8596] and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.


And With Dances [m@chowlah:H4246]


The expression, and with dances, emerges in seven other notices, some of which appeared together with tabrets as I mentioned earlier. These are the remaining ones in which it appears by itself:


In Exodus 32:19 the word and the dancing is used in the context of great idolatry: And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing [m@chowlah:H4246]: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.


Lord willing, when we get to Judges 21:21 we will encounter this term again as in dances: And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances [m@chowlah:H4246], then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.


1 Samuel 21:11 (along with the parallel passage in 1 Samuel 29:5) likewise includes this word as in dances/one to another in dances:  And the servants of Achish said unto him, [Is] not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances [m@chowlah:H4246], saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?





In Song of Solomon  6:13, however this is translated As it were the company: Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company [m@chowlah:H4246] of two armies.


Lord willing, in our next study we will continue examining verse 34.

Judges 11 - Part 28

 January 12, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 28 and today’s date is January 12, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


Beside [min:H4480] Her He Had Neither [’ayin:H369]  Son [ben:H1121] Nor [’ow:H176] Daughter. [bath:H1323]


As I mentioned previously in Part 26, the last phrase in verse 34, …beside her he had neither son nor daughter, underscores the fact that Jephthah’s daughter was his only child by rephrasing it in this way. Apparently the term, beside or min denotes a “part” taken out of the “whole.” The expression he had neither is a negative particle that emphasizes that Jephthah did not have another daughter (s) or son (s).


 Son [ben:H1121] Nor [’ow:H176] Daughter [bath:H1323]


Additionally, the phrase…son nor daughter, comprised of three words, only appears in three other places:


It is found in Genesis 31:43, which is also part of the account in which the previous term, with tabret also appeared earlier in verse 27: 


And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, [These] daughters [bath:H1323]

 [are] my daughters [bath:H1323], and [these] children [ben:H1121]   [are] my children [ben:H1121], and [these] cattle [are] my cattle, and all that thou seest [is] mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters [bath:H1323], or [’ow:H176] unto their children [ben:H1121]  which they have born?


This statement is another historical parable in which Laban represents Satan and Jacob, the Lord Jesus Christ. It typifies God’s elect prior to salvation as prisoners in Satan’s kingdom; this is accentuated by Laban’s affirmation in which the terms daughters and children (which is the same word for sons) are repeated three times each, pointing to “the purpose of God.” Parabolically, we can understand that Jacob leaving with his daughters and sons by night is language that highlights the idea that Christ came to plunder Satan’s kingdom during that very long “day” of salvation. This is what is in view in Matthew 12:29, 


Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.


In the second entry found in Exodus 21 God lays down various laws that the Israelites were to obey; one of those statutes included various circumstances in which the actions of an ox were to be dealt with. In verse 31 this had to with an ox goring a son or a daughter:

Whether he have gored a son [ben:H1121], or [’ow:H176] have gored a daughter [bath:H1323], according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.


Leviticus 20 is another chapter that similarly sets forth other laws and in verse 17 we learn: And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter [bath:H1323], or [’ow:H176]  his mother's daughter [bath:H1323], and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness; it [is] a wicked thing; and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people [`am:H5971] [ben:H1121]: he hath uncovered his sister's nakedness; he shall bear his iniquity.


In this citation, the term son or children is ben (H1121) and it’s linked to of their people. We can now turn our attention to verse 35,


And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back.


When He Saw [ra’ah:H7200] Her That He Rent [qara`:H7167]  His Clothes [beged:H899] 


The terms, when he saw or ra`ah  and her that he rent or qara,` along with his clothes or beged only emerge together again in the following passages:


Leviticus 13:56 concerns certain procedures that were to be done with regard to leprosy (which exemplifies sin spiritually); these words are translated look and of it; then shall he rend: 


And if the priest look [ra’ah:H7200], and, behold, the plague [be] somewhat dark after the washing of it; then he shall rend [qara`:H7167] it out of the garment  [beged:H899], or out of the skin, or out of the warp, or out of the woof:


Verse 12 of 2 Kings 2:11-12 records the “taking up” of Elijah into Heaven which Elisha witnessed; saw/And he saw is expressed twice along with and rent once:  And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, [there appeared] a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. {12} And Elisha saw [ra’ah:H7200] [it], and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw [ra’ah:H7200] him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent [qara`:H7167] them in two pieces.


In 2 Kings 5:7 we read of the king of Israel’s response (I believe this was King Jehoram, son of Ahab) to a letter he received from the king of Syria concerning his army commander, Naaman, who had leprosy; I’ll read verses 1-8 to pick up some of the context:


Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of Syria, was a great man with his master, and honourable, because by him the LORD had given deliverance unto Syria: he was also a mighty man in valour, [but he was] a leper. {2} And the Syrians had gone out by companies, and had brought away captive out of the land of Israel a little maid; and she waited on Naaman's wife. {3} And she said unto her mistress, Would God my lord [were] with the prophet that [is] in Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy. {4} And [one] went in, and told his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maid that [is] of the land of Israel. {5} And the king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel. And he departed, and took with him ten talents of silver, and six thousand [pieces] of gold, and ten changes of raiment. {6} And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, Now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have [therewith] sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him of his leprosy. {7} And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent [qara`:H7167] his clothes, and said, [Am] I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy? wherefore consider, I pray you, and see [ra’ah:H7200] how he seeketh a quarrel against me. {8} And it was [so], when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.


Verse 30 of 2 Kings 6:25-32 includes these words as that he rent and looked:  And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was [sold] for fourscore [pieces] of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of dove's dung for five [pieces] of silver. {26} And as the king of Israel was passing by upon the wall, there cried a woman unto him, saying, Help, my lord, O king. {27} And he said, If the LORD do not help thee, whence shall I help thee? out of the barnfloor, or out of the winepress? {28} And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, This woman said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him to day, and we will eat my son to morrow. {29} So we boiled my son, and did eat him: and I said unto her on the next day, Give thy son, that we may eat him: and she hath hid her son. {30} And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent [qara`:H7167] his clothes; and he passed by upon the wall, and the people looked [ra’ah:H7200], and, behold, [he had] sackcloth within upon his flesh. {31} Then he said, God do so and more also to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day. {32} But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and [the king] sent a man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away mine head? look, when the messenger cometh, shut the door, and hold him fast at the door: [is] not the sound of his master's feet behind him?  


Verse 14 of 2 Kings 11:1-16 (and the parallel account in 2 Chronicles 23:13) includes these terms in which good king Joash (or Jehoash) was hidden for six years from wicked Queen Athaliah:


And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal. {2} But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons [which were] slain; and they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. {3} And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land. {4} And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king's son. {5} And he commanded them, saying, This [is] the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in on the sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king's house; {6} And a third part [shall be] at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down. {7} And two parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD about the king. {8} And ye shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand: and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he cometh in. {9} And the captains over the hundreds did according to all [things] that Jehoiada the priest commanded: and they took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest. {10} And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's spears and shields, that [were] in the temple of the LORD. {11} And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king, from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, [along] by the altar and the temple. {12} And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and [gave him] the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king. {13} And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard [and] of the people, she came to the people into the temple of the LORD. ​​{14} And when she looked [ra’ah:H7200], behold, the king stood by a pillar, as the manner [was], and the princes and the trumpeters by the king, and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets: and Athaliah rent [qara`:H7167] her clothes, and cried, Treason, Treason. {15} But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the LORD. {16} And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain.


Alas [’ahahh:H162]  & Thou Hast Brought [kara`:H3766] Me Very [kara`:H3766] Low [kara`:H3766]  


The next two expressions that we want to examine in verse 35 is Alas or ’ahahh and  thou hast brought me very low or kara`. This phrase,  thou hast brought me very low, is quite unique in that it repeats the word, kara` three times. I don’t recall seeing anything like this in my studies. Moreover, these two terms, Alas and thou hast brought me very low are only found together in this verse, so we will have to consider them individually:


Alas [’ahahh:H162]  


Alas, like in English, denotes an exclamation; it is translated as alas or oh (and once without the “h”), as the subsequent Scriptures illustrate; it is used in 14 other references.


We have actually encountered this term in Judges 6:22, And when Gideon perceived that he [was] an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas [’ahahh:H162], O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.


This word also emerges in two places in 2 Kings 6. The first one is in verse 5 of 2 Kings 6:1-7, And the sons of the prophets said unto Elisha, Behold now, the place where we dwell with thee is too strait for us. {2} Let us go, we pray thee, unto Jordan, and take thence every man a beam, and let us make us a place there, where we may dwell. And he answered, Go ye. {3} And one said, Be content, I pray thee, and go with thy servants. And he answered, I will go. {4} So he went with them. And when they came to Jordan, they cut down wood. {5} But as one was felling a beam, the axe head fell into the water: and he cried, and said, Alas [’ahahh:H162], master! for it was borrowed. {6} And the man of God said, Where fell it? And he shewed him the place. And he cut down a stick, and cast [it] in thither; and the iron did swim. {7} Therefore said he, Take [it] up to thee. And he put out his hand, and took it.


The second entry in this chapter is in verse 15 of 2 Kings 6:8-23,  Then the king of Syria warred against Israel, and took counsel with his servants, saying, In such and such a place [shall be] my camp. {9} And the man of God sent unto the king of Israel, saying, Beware that thou pass not such a place; for thither the Syrians are come down. {10} And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of, and saved himself there, not once nor twice. {11} Therefore the heart of the king of Syria was sore troubled for this thing; and he called his servants, and said unto them, Will ye not shew me which of us [is] for the king of Israel? {12} And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that [is] in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber. {13} And he said, Go and spy where he [is], that I may send and fetch him. And it was told him, saying, Behold, [he is] in Dothan. {14} Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a great host: and they came by night, and compassed the city about. {15} And when the servant of the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the city both with horses and chariots. And his servant said unto him, Alas [’ahahh:H162], my master! how shall we do? {16} And he answered, Fear not: for they that [be] with us [are] more than they that [be] with them. {17} And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain [was] full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha. {18} And when they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto the LORD, and said, Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness. And he smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha. {19} And Elisha said unto them, This [is] not the way, neither [is] this the city: follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom ye seek. But he led them to Samaria. {20} And it came to pass, when they were come into Samaria, that Elisha said, LORD, open the eyes of these [men], that they may see. And the LORD opened their eyes, and they saw; and, behold, [they were] in the midst of Samaria. {21} And the king of Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite [them]? shall I smite [them]? {22} And he answered, Thou shalt not smite [them]: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword and with thy bow? set bread and water before them, that they may eat and drink, and go to their master. {23} And he prepared great provision for them: and when they had eaten and drunk, he sent them away, and they went to their master. So the bands of Syria came no more into the land of Israel.


It looks like we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue our investigation of the rest of verse 35. 

Judges 11 - Part 29

 January 17, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 29 and today’s date is January 17, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


We have arrived at the latter part of verse 35, and the expression…thou hast brought me very low… which as I mentioned in our last lesson is an incredibly unique phrase because it is made up of three identical words, …thou hast brought, me very, and low. Each of these terms is the Hebrew word kara` (H3766), which is primarily translated as bow and bow down, and to a much lesser extent as fell, subdued, brought low, couched, feeble, kneeling, and very. We also recognize that the fact that this word is tripled in this phrase also indicates spiritually the “purpose of God.” So let’s try to understand what the “purpose of God” might be in this particular instance.


Thou Hast Brought [kara`:H3766] Me Very [kara`:H3766] Low [kara`:H3766] 


As it turns out, we did run across this word kara` in Judges 5:27, which depicts the demise and death of Sisera (who typifies Satan),  even though there are also other words in this Scripture too; kara` is rendered three times as he bowed:


At her feet he bowed [kara`:H3766], he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bowed [kara`:H3766], he fell: where he bowed  [kara`:H3766], there he fell down dead.


Additionally, Judges 7:5-6 includes this expression as boweth down/ bowed down:  So he brought down the people unto the water: and the LORD said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down [kara`:H3766] upon his knees to drink. {6} And the number of them that lapped, [putting] their hand to their mouth, were three hundred men: but all the rest of the people bowed down [kara`:H3766] upon their knees to drink water.


Numbers 24:9 expresses this as He couched in Balaam’s prophecy: He couched [kara`:H3766], he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed [is] he that blesseth thee, and cursed [is] he that curseth thee.


1 Kings 8:54 translates this word as from kneeling at the end of Solomon’s  dedicatory prayer for the Temple: And it was [so], that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication unto the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling [kara`:H3766] on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven.


2 Kings 1:13 records the third captain of fifty’s (exemplifying the elect in the ⅓ - ⅔ spiritual ratio, in which the ⅓ refer to the elect, and the ⅔ to the non-elect) plea to Elijah, in which this is rendered and fell: 


And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell [kara`:H3766] on his knees before Elijah, and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I pray thee, let my life, and the life of these fifty thy servants, be precious in thy sight.


However in Job 4:4 this word is included as the feeble: Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble [kara`:H3766] knees.


In verse 31 of Psalm 78:1-33  this expression crops up as and smote down in this historical parable concerning God’s corporate people in the wilderness - known as the church in the wilderness (according to Acts 7:38):


[Maschil of Asaph.] Give ear, O my people, [to] my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth. {2} I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old: {3} Which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. {4} We will not hide [them] from their children, shewing to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and his strength, and his wonderful works that he hath done. {5} For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children: {6} That the generation to come might know [them, even] the children [which] should be born; [who] should arise and declare [them] to their children: {7} That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, but keep his commandments: {8} And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. {9} The children of Ephraim, [being] armed, [and] carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle. {10} They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in his law; {11} And forgat his works, and his wonders that he had shewed them. {12} Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, [in] the field of Zoan. {13} He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through; and he made the waters to stand as an heap. {14} In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire. {15} He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave [them] drink as [out of] the great depths. {16} He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers. {17} And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness. {18} And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust. {19} Yea, they spake against God; they said, Can God furnish a table in the wilderness? {20} Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people? {21} Therefore the LORD heard [this], and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel; {22} Because they believed not in God, and trusted not in his salvation: {23} Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, {24} And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn of heaven. {25} Man did eat angels' food: he sent them meat to the full. {26} He caused an east wind to blow in the heaven: and by his power he brought in the south wind. {27} He rained flesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea: {28} And he let [it] fall in the midst of their camp, round about their habitations. {29} So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire; {30} They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat [was] yet in their mouths, {31} The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down [kara`:H3766]  the chosen [men] of Israel. {32} For all this they sinned still, and believed not for his wondrous works. {33} Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble. 


The fact that Jephthah’s statement …thou hast brought me very low…contains kara` three times in unbroken sequence, illustrates “the purpose of God” with regard to the oath he had sworn before God as we read previously in Judges 11:30-31,


And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, {31} Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.


One can scarcely imagine the immense heartache and sorrow that he must have been burdened with, because he had to carry out this oath against his only child, making him the executioner, even though his daughter willingly accepted her fate. I think you and I are beginning to see the spiritual portrait that God is painting as it were, of God the Father sacrificing His only begotten Son. In the New Testament the Greek expression, only begotten is the term monogenes (G3439)  which only surfaces in the following 9 citations:


Only Begotten [monogenes:G3439]


Verse 12 of Luke 7:11-17 recounts: And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city called Nain; and many of his disciples went with him, and much people. {12} Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son [monogenes:G3439] of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her. {13} And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not. {14} And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare [him] stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. {15} And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother. {16} And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people. {17} And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about.


Verse 42 of Luke 8:41-42, and 49-56 similarly record this account of the daughter of Jairus, the ruler of the synagogue: And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house: {42} For he had one only [monogenes:G3439] daughter…{49} While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's [house], saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master. {50} But when Jesus heard [it], he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole. {51} And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden. {52} And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth. {53} And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. {54} And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. {55} And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat. {56} And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done. 


Verse 38 of Luke 9:38-42 presents the third account of an only child in the book of Luke:  And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine only child. [monogenes:G3439] {39} And, lo, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that he foameth again, and bruising him hardly departeth from him. {40} And I besought thy disciples to cast him out; and they could not. {41} And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and suffer you? Bring thy son hither. {42} And as he was yet a coming, the devil threw him down, and tare [him]. And Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the child, and delivered him again to his father.


John 1:14 and 18 include these terms as of the only begotten and the only begotten:  And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten [monogenes:G3439] of the Father,) full of grace and truth. ... {18} No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten [monogenes:G3439] Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared [him].


John 3:16 and 18 likewise affirm: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten [monogenes:G3439] Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. ... {18} He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten [monogenes:G3439]  Son of God.


1 John 4:9 also adds: In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten [monogenes:G3439] Son into the world, that we might live through him.


The sole Old Testament account in which this expression is employed, concerns the sacrifice of Isaac found in Genesis 22, of which Hebrews 11:17-19 provides this commentary: By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [monogenes:G3439]  [son], {18} Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called: {19} Accounting that God [was] able to raise [him] up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.


Well, this brings us to the next word in Judges 11:35, which is rendered by the phrase …one of them that trouble… which again emphasizes the anguish that Jephthah is experiencing as he comes to grips with the implications of his vow. 


One Of Them That Trouble [ `akar:H5916] [ah-hair]


The expression, one of them that trouble or `akar [ah-hair] is predominantly rendered as such and is found in 11 other passages; here are some examples of its usage:


In Genesis 34:30 Jacob expresses his displeasure and concern regarding the senseless and cruel slaughter of the men of Shechem by Simeon and Levi who twisted the Gospel message in order to vent their rage; this word is translated as Ye have troubled:


And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled [`akar:H5916] me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I [being] few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.


Another illustration of this term is in the account of what Achan did in verse 25 of  Joshua 7:19-26, 


And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide [it] not from me. {20} And Achan answered Joshua, and said, Indeed I have sinned against the LORD God of Israel, and thus and thus have I done: {21} When I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them; and, behold, they [are] hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. {22} So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran unto the tent; and, behold, [it was] hid in his tent, and the silver under it. {23} And they took them out of the midst of the tent, and brought them unto Joshua, and unto all the children of Israel, and laid them out before the LORD. {24} And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor. {25} And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled

[`akar:H5916]  us? the LORD shall trouble [`akar:H5916] thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. {26} And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day.


It is for this reason that Achan is called the troubler of Israel in 1 Chronicles 2:7, And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler [`akar:H5916]  of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.


I think we’ll stop here as we are out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will consider the last few words in Judges 11:35.

Judges 11 - Part 30

 January 19, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 30 and today’s date is January 19, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


We are down to the last few phrases in verse 35…for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. 


Have Opened [patsaw:H6475] My Mouth [peh:H6310]


Let’s consider the terms, have opened and my mouth which are found together in 12 other passages, as these next citations illustrate:

These two words are also found in verse 36 with regard to the response of Jephthah’s daughter, as thou hast opened and thy mouth/of thy mouth: 


And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened [patsaw:H6475]   thy mouth [peh:H6310] unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth [peh:H6310]; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon.


This is also seen in verse 11 of Genesis 4:8-11, And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. {9} And the LORD said unto Cain, Where [is] Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: [Am] I my brother's keeper? {10} And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. {11} And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened [patsaw:H6475] her mouth [peh:H6310] to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;


Verse 30 of Numbers 16:25-33 records the fate of Dathan and Abiram and their families and all their possessions, including Korah and the 250 princes of the congregation: 


And Moses rose up and went unto Dathan and Abiram; and the elders of Israel followed him. {26} And he spake unto the congregation, saying, Depart, I pray you, from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest ye be consumed in all their sins. {27} So they gat up from the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, on every side: and Dathan and Abiram came out, and stood in the door of their tents, and their wives, and their sons, and their little children. {28} And Moses said, Hereby ye shall know that the LORD hath sent me to do all these works; for [I have] not [done them] of mine own mind. {29} If these men die the common death of all men, or if they be visited after the visitation of all men; [then] the LORD hath not sent me. {30} But if the LORD make a new thing, and the earth open [patsaw:H6475] her mouth [peh:H6310], and swallow them up, with all that [appertain] unto them, and they go down quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the LORD. {31} And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder that [was] under them: {32} And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that [appertained] unto Korah, and all [their] goods. {33} They, and all that [appertained] to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation. {34} And all Israel that [were] round about them fled at the cry of them: for they said, Lest the earth swallow us up [also]. {35} And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense.



Psalm 22:6-21 is part of a Messianic psalm pointing to the sufferings of the Lord Jesus, and these two expressions surface in verse 13: But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. {7} All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying], {8} He trusted on the LORD [that] he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. {9} But thou [art] he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope [when I was] upon my mother's breasts. {10} I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou [art] my God from my mother's belly. {11} Be not far from me; for trouble [is] near; for [there is] none to help. {12} Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round. {13} They gaped [patsaw:H6475]  upon me [with] their mouths [peh:H6310], [as] a ravening and a roaring lion. {14} I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. {15} My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. {16} For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. {17} I may tell all my bones: they look [and] stare upon me. {18} They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. {19} But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me. {20} Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog. {21} Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.


Verse 11 of Psalm 144:1-15 employs these two terms, in this passage which contrasts the unsaved with God’s redeemed people; these words are expressed as rid and whose mouth:


[A Psalm] of David.] Blessed [be] the LORD my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, [and] my fingers to fight: {2} My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and [he] in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me. {3} LORD, what [is] man, that thou takest knowledge of him! [or] the son of man, that thou makest account of him! {4} Man is like to vanity: his days [are] as a shadow that passeth away. {5} Bow thy heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke. {6} Cast forth lightning, and scatter them: shoot out thine arrows, and destroy them. {7} Send thine hand from above; rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of strange children; {8} Whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand [is] a right hand of falsehood.  {9} I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery [and] an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee. {10} [It is he] that giveth salvation unto kings: who delivereth David his servant from the hurtful sword. {11} Rid [patsaw:H6475] me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children, whose mouth [peh:H6310] speaketh vanity, and their right hand [is] a right hand of falsehood: {12} That our sons [may be] as plants grown up in their youth; [that] our daughters [may be] as corner stones, polished [after] the similitude of a palace: {13} [That] our garners [may be] full, affording all manner of store: [that] our sheep may bring forth thousands and ten thousands in our streets: {14} [That] our oxen [may be] strong to labour; [that there be] no breaking in, nor going out; that [there be] no complaining in our streets. {15} Happy [is that] people, that is in such a case: [yea], happy [is that] people, whose God [is] the LORD.


Verse 46 of Lamentations 3:39-49 is set against the backdrop of God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: 




Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins? {40} Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the LORD. {41} Let us lift up our heart with [our] hands unto God in the heavens. {42} We have transgressed and have rebelled: thou hast not pardoned. {43} Thou hast covered with anger, and persecuted us: thou hast slain, thou hast not pitied. {44} Thou hast covered thyself with a cloud, that [our] prayer should not pass through. {45} Thou hast made us [as] the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people. {46} All our enemies have opened [patsaw:H6475] their mouths [peh:H6310] against us. {47} Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction. {48} Mine eye runneth down with rivers of water for the destruction of the daughter of my people. {49} Mine eye trickleth down, and ceaseth not, without any intermission,


Verse 8 of Ezekiel 2:1-10 includes these terms, and similarly juxtaposes God’s true prophet and His rebellious corporate entity - Israel in the first instance, and the end-time churches and denominations secondly: 


And he said unto me, Son of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak unto thee. {2} And the spirit entered into me when he spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him that spake unto me. {3} And he said unto me, Son of man, I send thee to the children of Israel, to a rebellious nation that hath rebelled against me: they and their fathers have transgressed against me, [even] unto this very day. {4} For [they are] impudent children and stiffhearted. I do send thee unto them; and thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD. {5} And they, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear, (for they [are] a rebellious house,) yet shall know that there hath been a prophet among them. {6} And thou, son of man, be not afraid of them, neither be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns [be] with thee, and thou dost dwell among scorpions: be not afraid of their words, nor be dismayed at their looks, though they [be] a rebellious house. {7} And thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear: for they [are] most rebellious. {8} But thou, son of man, hear what I say unto thee; Be not thou rebellious like that rebellious house: open [patsaw:H6475] thy mouth [peh:H6310], and eat that I give thee.  {9} And when I looked, behold, an hand [was] sent unto me; and, lo, a roll of a book [was] therein; {10} And he spread it before me; and it [was] written within and without: and [there was] written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.


We can now turn our attention to the last phrase in verse 35, which consists of the two terms, I cannot and go back: 


These last two words are found in 10 other citations, and we will examine a few of them. We also want to keep in mind that Jephthah had taken an oath before Jehovah, and he would have recognized the critical importance of keeping that vow as we are reminded in these next references:


Numbers 30:2 affirms: If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.


Likewise Deuteronomy 23:21 maintains: When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee.


And Ecclesiastes 5:4-5 adds this injunction: When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for [he hath] no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed. {5} Better [is it] that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.


I Cannot [yakol:H3201] Go Back [shuwb:H7725]


The following notices include these two expressions, I cannot or yakol (H3201) and go back or shuwb (H7725).


Verse 4 of Deuteronomy 24:1-4 includes these as may and her again: When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give [it] in her hand, and send her out of his house. {2} And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another man's [wife]. {3} And [if] the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth [it] in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, which took her [to be] his wife; {4} Her former husband, which sent her away, may [yakol:H3201] not take her again [shuwb:H7725] to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that [is] abomination before the LORD: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance.


Verse 23 of  2 Samuel 12:16-23 records the events surrounding the death of David and Bathsheba’s child out of wedlock:  David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth. {17} And the elders of his house arose, [and went] to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them. {18} And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead? {19} But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead. {20} Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed [himself], and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat. {21} Then said his servants unto him, What thing [is] this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, [while it was] alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. {22} And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell [whether] GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? {23} But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? Can [yakol:H3201]  I bring him back [shuwb:H7725] again [shuwb:H7725] ? I shall go to him, but he shall not return [shuwb:H7725]  to me.


Verse 13 of Jonah 1:1-17 translates these as to bring and but they could: 


Now the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, {2} Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me. {3} But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. {4} But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken. {5} Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god, and cast forth the wares that [were] in the ship into the sea, to lighten [it] of them. But Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep. {6} So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not. {7} And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil [is] upon us. So they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonah. {8} Then said they unto him, Tell us, we pray thee, for whose cause this evil [is] upon us; What [is] thine occupation? and whence comest thou? what [is] thy country? and of what people [art] thou? {9} And he said unto them, I [am] an Hebrew; and I fear the LORD, the God of heaven, which hath made the sea and the dry [land]. {10} Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him, Why hast thou done this? For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them. {11} Then said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us? for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous. {12} And he said unto them, Take me up, and cast me forth into the sea; so shall the sea be calm unto you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest [is] upon you. {13} Nevertheless the men rowed hard to bring [shuwb:H7725]  [it] to the land; but they could [yakol:H3201] not: for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous against them. {14} Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said, We beseech thee, O LORD, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased thee. {15} So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea: and the sea ceased from her raging. {16} Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows. {17} Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.


Lord willing  in our next study, we will transition to verse 36, as we learn more about this wonderful historical parable of Jephthah and his daughter.

Judges 11 - Part 31

 January 21, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 31 and today’s date is January 21, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


Today we want to start verse 36, and the first two words, And she said unto him, My father…


And She Said [’amar:H559] & My Father [’ab:H1]


We actually have considered these two terms back in verse 7 of this chapter, and we will revisit them again in verse 37 as well. In verse 7 these expressions are rendered said and me out of my father’s; then in verse 37 they are translated in this manner: and she said along with her father: 


And Jephthah said [’amar:H559] unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel me out of my father's [’ab:H1] house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress? ... {37} And she said [’amar:H559] unto her father [’ab:H1], Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows.


That said, I do want to mention Genesis 22:7 again as it is a powerful spiritual parallel regarding the sacrifice of Isaac, which is what is also taking place here in Genesis 11; both accounts are portraying the Atonement of Christ at… the foundation of the world, and the subsequent demonstration of that awesome event in 33 AD; these words are expressed as spake/he said  three times and his father/My father  twice:    


And Isaac spake [’amar:H559] unto Abraham his father [’ab:H1], and said [’amar:H559], My father [’ab:H1]: and he said [’amar:H559], Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?


Do [`asah:H6213] To Me According To That Which [’asher:H834] Hath Proceeded Out [ yatsa’:H3318]


The next phrase in verse 36 is…do to me according to that which hath proceeded out… is composed of three terms that only surface together in verse 5 of  Joshua 24:1-15, as Joshua recounts God’s gracious dealings with …the church in the wilderness… (Acts 7:38). These words are expressed as according to that which, I did, along with I brought you out: 


And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God. {2} And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, [even] Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods. {3} And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac. {4} And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt. {5} I sent Moses also and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt, according to that which [’asher:H834] I did [`asah:H6213]  among them: and afterward I brought you out. [ yatsa’:H3318] {6} And I brought your fathers out of Egypt: and ye came unto the sea; and the Egyptians pursued after your fathers with chariots and horsemen unto the Red sea. {7} And when they cried unto the LORD, he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea upon them, and covered them; and your eyes have seen what I have done in Egypt: and ye dwelt in the wilderness a long season. {8} And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, which dwelt on the other side Jordan; and they fought with you: and I gave them into your hand, that ye might possess their land; and I destroyed them from before you. {9} Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, arose and warred against Israel, and sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you: {10} But I would not hearken unto Balaam; therefore he blessed you still: so I delivered you out of his hand. {11} And ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand. {12} And I sent the hornet before you, which drave them out from before you, [even] the two kings of the Amorites; [but] not with thy sword, nor with thy bow. {13} And I have given you a land for which ye did not labour, and cities which ye built not, and ye dwell in them; of the vineyards and oliveyards which ye planted not do ye eat. {14} Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD. {15} And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that [were] on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.


As The LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] Hath Taken [`asah:H6213] Vengeance [n@qamah:H5360]


This brings us to the next phrase in verse 36 …as the LORD hath taken vengeance… which also consists of three terms, as is found in the following two references:


Verse 15 of Jeremiah 50:1-46 include these expressions as the vengeance, of the LORD, and she hath done/do in this chapter that records God’s judgment against Babylon (Satan’s kingdom that is presently being divided by God) after God used that nation to bring judgment against God’s own house first (1 Peter 4:17):   


The word that the LORD spake against Babylon [and] against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet. {2} Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, [and] conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces. {3} For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast. {4} In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD their God. {5} They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces thitherward, [saying], Come, and let us join ourselves to the LORD in a perpetual covenant [that] shall not be forgotten. {6} My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away [on] the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace. {7} All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers. {8} Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks. {9} For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows [shall be] as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain. {10} And Chaldea shall be a spoil: all that spoil her shall be satisfied, saith the LORD. {11} Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls; {12} Your mother shall be sore confounded; she that bare you shall be ashamed: behold, the hindermost of the nations [shall be] a wilderness, a dry land, and a desert. {13} Because of the wrath of the LORD it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues. {14} Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about: all ye that bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrows: for she hath sinned against the LORD. {15} Shout against her round about: she hath given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it [is] the vengeance [n@qamah:H5360] of the LORD  [Y@hovah:H3068]: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done [`asah:H6213], do [`asah:H6213] unto her. {16} Cut off the sower from Babylon, and him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest: for fear of the oppressing sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall flee every one to his own land. {17} Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven [him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones. {18} Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon [Satan - see Isaiah 14:4] and his land, as I have punished the king of Assyria. {19} And I will bring Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied upon mount Ephraim and Gilead. {20} In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and [there shall be] none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve. {21} Go up against the land of Merathaim, [even] against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee. {22} A sound of battle [is] in the land, and of great destruction. {23} How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations! {24} I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken, O Babylon, and thou wast not aware: thou art found, and also caught, because thou hast striven against the LORD. {25} The LORD hath opened his armoury, and hath brought forth the weapons of his indignation: for this [is] the work of the Lord GOD of hosts in the land of the Chaldeans. {26} Come against her from the utmost border, open her storehouses: cast her up as heaps, and destroy her utterly: let nothing of her be left. {27} Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation. {28} The voice of them that flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, to declare in Zion the vengeance of the LORD our God, the vengeance of his temple. {29} Call together the archers against Babylon: all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her: for she hath been proud against the LORD, against the Holy One of Israel. {30} Therefore shall her young men fall in the streets, and all her men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the LORD. {31} Behold, I [am] against thee, [O thou] most proud, saith the Lord GOD of hosts: for thy day is come, the time [that] I will visit thee. {32} And the most proud shall stumble and fall, and none shall raise him up: and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall devour all round about him. {33} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The children of Israel and the children of Judah [were] oppressed together: and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to let them go. {34} Their Redeemer [is] strong; the LORD of hosts [is] his name: he shall throughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon. {35} A sword [is] upon the Chaldeans, saith the LORD, and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her wise [men]. {36} A sword [is] upon the liars; and they shall dote: a sword [is] upon her mighty men; and they shall be dismayed. {37} A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are] in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword [is] upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed. {38} A drought [is] upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it [is] the land of graven images, and they are mad upon [their] idols. {39} Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell [there], and the owls shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation. {40} As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour [cities] thereof, saith the LORD; [so] shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein. {41} Behold, a people shall come from the north, and a great nation, and many kings shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth. {42} They shall hold the bow and the lance: they [are] cruel, and will not shew mercy: their voice shall roar like the sea, and they shall ride upon horses, [every one] put in array, like a man to the battle, against thee, O daughter of Babylon. {43} The king of Babylon hath heard the report of them, and his hands waxed feeble: anguish took hold of him, [and] pangs as of a woman in travail. {44} Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who [is] a chosen [man, that] I may appoint over her? for who [is] like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who [is] that shepherd that will stand before me? {45} Therefore hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make [their] habitation desolate with them. {46} At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.


The second entry in which these three words appear is in verse 17 of Ezekiel 25:1-17, and once again we note the focus on God’s judgment against the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites, and Philistines,  


The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, {2} Son of man, set thy face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them; {3} And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity; {4} Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the men of the east for a possession, and they shall set their palaces in thee, and make their dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and they shall drink thy milk. {5} And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels, and the Ammonites a couchingplace for flocks: and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD. {6} For thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast clapped [thine] hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel; {7} Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD. {8} Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Moab and Seir do say, Behold, the house of Judah [is] like unto all the heathen; {9} Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities [which are] on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Bethjeshimoth, Baalmeon, and Kiriathaim, {10} Unto the men of the east with the Ammonites, and will give them in possession, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations. {11} And I will execute judgments upon Moab; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD. {12} Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them; {13} Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword. {14} And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel: and they shall do in Edom according to mine anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance, saith the Lord GOD. {15} Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy [it] for the old hatred; {16} Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will stretch out mine hand upon the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethims, and destroy the remnant of the sea coast. {17}And I will execute [`asah:H6213] great vengeance [n@qamah:H5360] upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068], when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.



It looks like we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will conclude verse 36 and then transition to verse 37.

Judges 11 - Part 32

 January 24, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 32 and today’s date is January 24, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


For Thee Of Thine Enemies [`oyeb:H341]


The last Hebrew word in verse 36 is rendered by the English phrase …for thee of thine enemies or `oyeb. We have  encountered this term in a number of the earlier chapters of Judges, so I’ll just mention a few citations in which this word emerges as his enemies or thine enemies:



In Nahum 1:2 for example, it is translated …for his enemies:  God [is] jealous, and the LORD revengeth; the LORD revengeth, and [is] furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth [wrath] for his enemies. [`oyeb:H341]  


Psalm 92:9 records: For, lo, thine enemies [`oyeb:H341], O LORD, for, lo, thine enemies [`oyeb:H341] shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.


And Psalm 110:1 declares: [A Psalm of David.] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies [`oyeb:H341] thy footstool.


Since we have already considered the expression, of the children of Ammon, let’s proceed to verse 37,


And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows.


In Part 31 we discussed the terms in the phrase, And she said unto her father…  Additionally in Judges 11:10 we looked into the two words, thing and be done. So now we can turn our attention to the phrase…let me alone two months…which is made up of three terms that only appear together in this verse, so we will have to study let me alone separately, and two months together:


Let Me Alone [raphah:H7503]


This expression, let me alone or raphah, surfaces 46 times. It is a very unique word in that it is so very “pregnant” with numerous connotations for a word that is not used that often. By the way, one reason for obtaining an Englishman’s Hebrew (or Greek) Concordance as a Bible study aid, is because it shows all these different nuances at-a-glance, so instead of spending a lot of time trying to find verses, one can devote more time to studying those Scriptures that display the many facets embedded in the original Hebrew word. 


When we were in Judges 8 we encountered this word in verse 3, in which it is translated as was abated:

 

God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated [raphah:H7503] toward him, when he had said that.


Going forwards we will also see this term again in Judges 19:9, in which it is rendered as draweth:  And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth [raphah:H7503] toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.


Curiously, Deuteronomy  9:14 God expresses this as Let me alone… as He talks with Moses regarding Himself: Let me alone [raphah:H7503], that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they.


2 Kings 4:27 likewise renders this as let her alone, as Elisha explains to his servant Gehazi regarding the woman whose son had died:   And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone  [raphah:H7503]; for her soul [is] vexed within her: and the LORD hath hid [it] from me, and hath not told me.


In Exodus 5:17, however, we find this recorded as idle twice, as Pharaoh replies to the officers of the children of Egypt: But he said, Ye [are] idle [raphah:H7503], [ye are] idle [raphah:H7503]: therefore ye say, Let us go [and] do sacrifice to the LORD.



And in Joshua 18:3, Joshua poses this question, in which the word slack appears: And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, How long [are] ye slack [raphah:H7503] to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you?


In 1 Samuel 11:3 this appears as respite: And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven days' respite [raphah:H7503], that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel: and then, if [there be] no man to save us, we will come out to thee.


Then in 2 Samuel 24:16 this term is translated as stay:  And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay [raphah:H7503] now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite.


Here are more some illustrations of this word: 


Nehemiah 6:3 expresses this as I leave: And I sent messengers unto them, saying, I [am] doing a great work, so that I cannot come down: why should the work cease, whilst I leave [raphah:H7503] it, and come down to you?


Psalm 37:8 includes this as cease: Cease [raphah:H7503] from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil.


Verse 10 of Psalm 46:1-11 presents another nuance by rendering this as Be still in this psalm that describes our present day of judgment:  


[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. {2} Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea; {3} [Though] the waters thereof roar [and] be troubled, [though] the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah. {4} [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High. {5} God [is] in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, [and that] right early. {6} The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted. {7} The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah. {8} Come, behold the works of the LORD, what desolations he hath made in the earth. {9} He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire. {10} Be still [raphah:H7503], and know that I [am] God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth. {11} The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah. 


Deuteronomy 4:31 includes this as forsake: (For the LORD thy God [is] a merciful God;) he will not forsake [raphah:H7503] thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.


Deuteronomy 31:6 translates it as fail: Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he [it is] that doth go with thee; he will not fail [raphah:H7503] thee, nor forsake thee.


Proverbs 4:13 renders this as go: Take fast hold of instruction; let [her] not go [raphah:H7503]: keep her; for she [is] thy life.


In Proverbs 18:9 this is expressed as that is slothful:  He also that is slothful [raphah:H7503] in his work is brother to him that is a great waster.


On the other hand, Proverbs 24:10 translates this as [If] thou faint:  [If] thou faint [raphah:H7503] in the day of adversity, thy strength [is] small.


Isaiah 5 is a chapter that concerns God’s judgment beginning at His own house first, and in verse 24 we discover this word as consumeth:  Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth [raphah:H7503] the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

God’s judgment against His corporate people also appears in verse 7 of Ezekiel 21:1-7 as shall be feeble:


 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {2} Son of man, set thy face toward Jerusalem, and drop [thy word] toward the holy places, and prophesy against the land of Israel, {3} And say to the land of Israel, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I [am] against thee, and will draw forth my sword out of his sheath, and will cut off from thee the righteous and the wicked. {4} Seeing then that I will cut off from thee the righteous and the wicked, therefore shall my sword go forth out of his sheath against all flesh from the south to the north: {5} That all flesh may know that I the LORD have drawn forth my sword out of his sheath: it shall not return any more. {6} Sigh therefore, thou son of man, with the breaking of [thy] loins; and with bitterness sigh before their eyes. {7} And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble [raphah:H7503], and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak [as] water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.


We find a parallel commentary on this in the New Testament in Hebrews 12:11-29 having to do with chastisement, and please note the contrast between God’s true elect and Esau (who represents unsaved man), and the admonition for our day that harkens back to what took place on Mt. Sinai:


Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby. {12} Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; {13} And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed. 14 Follow peace with all [men], and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord: 15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled; 16 Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. 17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears. 18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, 19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which [voice] they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more: 20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: 21 And so terrible was the sight, [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:) 22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, 23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than [that of] Abel. 25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven: 26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. 27 And this [word], Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. 28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: 29 For our God [is] a consuming fire.


We need to stop here as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next study we will resume our analysis of verse 37.

Judges 11 - Part 33

 January 26, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 33 and today’s date is January 26, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


In our last study we left off at the terms, two months in verse 37.

Two [sh@nayim:H8147] Months [chodesh:H2320] 

These two words emerge together in 24 other citations, but they are not used in the sense of two months, as the word two can also be translated as part of a larger number and also as twelve or twelfth.  Nonetheless, it’s quite significant that this expression, two months, is repeated three times (pointing to the purpose of God) in Judges 11:37-39,

And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two [sh@nayim:H8147]  months [chodesh:H2320], that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two [sh@nayim:H8147] months [chodesh:H2320]: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two [sh@nayim:H8147] months [chodesh:H2320], that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel,

That I May Go Up [yalak:H3212] And Down [yarad:H3381] & The Mountains [har:H2022]

The next phrase that we want to examine is the desire of Jephthah’s daughter which she stated …that I may go up and down… the mountains… which includes three words.

These three expressions are only found again together in verse 1 of Exodus 32:1-20 regarding the incident of the idolatrous golden calf and the events surrounding it:

And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down [yarad:H3381]  out of the mount [har:H2022], the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go [yalak:H3212]  before us; for [as for] this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. {2} And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which [are] in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring [them] unto me. {3} And all the people brake off the golden earrings which [were] in their ears, and brought [them] unto Aaron. {4} And he received [them] at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. {5} And when Aaron saw [it], he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow [is] a feast to the LORD. {6} And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. {7} And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted [themselves]: {8} They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. {9} And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it [is] a stiffnecked people: {10} Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation. {11} And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand? {12} Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people. {13} Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit [it] for ever. {14} And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people. {15} And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony [were] in his hand: the tables [were] written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other [were] they written. {16} And the tables [were] the work of God, and the writing [was] the writing of God, graven upon the tables. {17} And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, [There is] a noise of war in the camp. {18} And he said, [It is] not the voice of [them that] shout for mastery, neither [is it] the voice of [them that] cry for being overcome: [but] the noise of [them that] sing do I hear. {19} And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. {20} And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt [it] in the fire, and ground [it] to powder, and strawed [it] upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink [of it]. 

At this point I’m not sure of the spiritual implication between this account and that of Jephthah’s daughter, so I’m not going to draw any conclusions yet. Lord willing, as we continue our examination of this passage, God may reveal this to us. So for the time being let’s proceed to the phrase, …and bewail my virginity… which consists of two expressions.

And Bewail [bakah:H1058] My Virginity [b@thuliym:H1331] 

Both of these words are only found together in verse 37 and in verse 38, which declares:

And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed [bakah:H1058]  her virginity [b@thuliym:H1331]  upon the mountains.

In cases such as this we must investigate each of these terms individually.

And Bewail [bakah:H1058]

This expression is used for weeping - both for sorrow as well as for joy - and can include the nuances of lamenting, complaining, and repentance. At times it is found in connection with lifting up the voice, thus indicating that the weeping is not silent, but very vocal. This is the case with the following passages: 

Genesis 21:16 describes Hagar’s intense grief over Ishmael: And she went, and sat her down over against [him] a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against [him], and lift up [nasa’:H5375] her voice [qowl:H6963], and wept. [bakah:H1058] 

This is also in view in Genesis 27:38 as Esau audibly laments the fact that Jacob had stolen his blessing: And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, [even] me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up  [nasa’:H5375] his voice  [qowl:H6963], and wept. [bakah:H1058] 


This is repeated by Jacob in Genesis 29:11, And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up [nasa’:H5375] his voice [qowl:H6963], and wept. [bakah:H1058] 

Lamenting the death of the males in Benjamin because of the evil that had been committed against the Levite’s concubine in Judges 19 (another historical parable chronicling God’s judgment commencing at His own house first) Judges 21:2 also includes the two terms, and lifted up their voices: 

And the people came to the house of God, and abode there till even before God, and lifted up [nasa’:H5375]  their voices [qowl:H6963], and wept [bakah:H1058]  sore;

In similar fashion verse 9 of Ruth 1:8-18 records the reaction of Orpah and Ruth to their mother-in-law Naomi: 

And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's house: the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. {9} The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each [of you] in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up [nasa’:H5375]  their voice [qowl:H6963], and wept. [bakah:H1058]  {10} And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people. {11} And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? [are] there yet [any more] sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? {12} Turn again, my daughters, go [your way]; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, [if] I should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons; {13} Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me. {14} And they lifted up [nasa’:H5375]  their voice [qowl:H6963], and wept [bakah:H1058]  again [bakah:H1058] : and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her. {15} And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law. {16} And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, [or] to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people [shall be] my people, and thy God my God: {17} Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, [if ought] but death part thee and me. {18} When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.

Verse 12 of Job 2:12-13  records the reaction of Job’s three friends when they saw the intensity of Job’s grief: And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up [nasa’:H5375] their voice [qowl:H6963], and wept [bakah:H1058]; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. {13} So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that [his] grief was very great. 

Here are some more illustrations of how God employs this term, and bewail or bakah:

2 Samuel 12:21-22 translates this word as and weep/and wept: Then said his servants unto him, What thing [is] this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep [bakah:H1058]  for the child, [while it was] alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. {22} And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept [bakah:H1058]: for I said, Who can tell [whether] GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live?

Job 30:25 similarly reveals: Did not I weep [bakah:H1058] for him that was in trouble? was [not] my soul grieved for the poor?

Psalm 126:6 includes this term in this passage which characterizes the “day” of salvation, which was a time of weeping for God’s elect as the world rejoiced (as opposed to our present “day” of judgment, in which the world is weeping, while the elect rejoice): 

He that goeth forth and weepeth [bakah:H1058], bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves [with him].

Additionally, Ecclesiastes 3:4 makes reference to these two times (or seasons):  A time to weep [bakah:H1058], and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;

Jeremiah 31:15 is quoted in verse 18 of Matthew 2:16-18, that portrays King Herod’s vain attempt to murder the Messiah:

Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men. {17} Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, {18} In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping [for] her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.

Jeremiah 31:15 says: Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, [and] bitter weeping [bakah:H1058]; Rahel weeping [bakah:H1058] for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they [were] not.

Ezekiel 24:16  and 23 contain this term in this historical parable that highlights God’s judgment beginning at His own house first, in which as part of a living parable, Ezekiel’s wife dies (she pictures the churches and denominations/national Israel), and Ezekiel is told by God to not lament this (as one would normally do in the grieving process) because it is His divine will:  

Son of man, behold, I take away from thee the desire of thine eyes [EZEKIEL’S WIFE] with a stroke: yet neither shalt thou mourn nor weep [bakah:H1058], neither shall thy tears run down. ... {23} And your tires [shall be] upon your heads, and your shoes upon your feet: ye shall not mourn nor weep [bakah:H1058]; but ye shall pine away for your iniquities, and mourn one toward another.

Exodus 2:6 is the account in which Pharaoh’s daughter, Hatshepsut discovers baby Moses in the little ark that his mother had made for him: And when she had opened [it], she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. [bakah:H1058] And she had compassion on him, and said, This [is one] of the Hebrews' children.


My Virginity [b@thuliym:H1331] 

In the time we have remaining let’s consider the expression, my virginity or b@thuliym. Besides Judges 11:37-38, this word only surfaces in three other chapters, as the subsequent passages indicate:

The first one is in verse 13 of Leviticus 21:10-15, which has to do with stipulations that the High Priest had to abide by; this word is translated in her virginity:

And [he that is] the high priest among his brethren, upon whose head the anointing oil was poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not uncover his head, nor rend his clothes; {11} Neither shall he go in to any dead body, nor defile himself for his father, or for his mother; {12} Neither shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the crown of the anointing oil of his God [is] upon him: I [am] the LORD. {13} And he shall take a wife in her virginity. [b@thuliym:H1331]  {14} A widow, or a divorced woman, or profane, [or] an harlot, these shall he not take: but he shall take a virgin of his own people to wife. {15} Neither shall he profane his seed among his people: for I the LORD do sanctify him.

Secondly is the account in Deuteronomy 22:13-21, in which this expression is found in verses 14-15, 17, and 19, in which this is rendered as with a maid or virginity: 

If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, and hate her, {14} And give occasions of speech against her, and bring up an evil name upon her, and say, I took this woman, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid [b@thuliym:H1331]: {15} Then shall the father of the damsel, and her mother, take and bring forth [the tokens of] the damsel's virginity [b@thuliym:H1331]  unto the elders of the city in the gate: {16} And the damsel's father shall say unto the elders, I gave my daughter unto this man to wife, and he hateth her; {17} And, lo, he hath given occasions of speech [against her], saying, I found not thy daughter a maid [b@thuliym:H1331] ; and yet these [are the tokens of] my daughter's virginity [b@thuliym:H1331]. And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city. {18} And the elders of that city shall take that man and chastise him; {19} And they shall amerce him in an hundred [shekels] of silver, and give [them] unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his days. {20} But if this thing be true, [and the tokens of] virginity [b@thuliym:H1331]  be not found for the damsel: {21} Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she hath wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: so shalt thou put evil away from among you.

It looks like we have run out of time today, so we will have to stop here. Lord willing, in our  next study we will investigate the remaining word in verse 37, … and my fellows.

Judges 11 - Part 34

 January 28, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 34 and today’s date is January 28, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


In our previous study we left off at the expression, …and my fellows, which is the last word in verse 37.


And My Fellows [re`ah:H7464] 



This term is part of a word family that includes friends, companions (male and female), attendant, maidens, confidential friend, etc.; it is also used with respect to the mates of birds. However this word, and my fellows or re`ah is a feminine noun so we can understand her companions to be female friends. This word only surfaces again in verse 38 as with her companions and in verse 14 of Psalm 45:1-17 as her companions: 


And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions [re`ah:H7464], and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.


Psalm 45:1-17 is a beautiful portrait of the Lord Jesus Christ and His redeemed Bride: [To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves.] My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue [is] the pen of a ready writer. {2} Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever. {3} Gird thy sword upon [thy] thigh, O [most] mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty. {4} And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. {5} Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee. {6} Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre. {7} Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {8} All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad. {9} Kings' daughters [were] among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir. {10} Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house; {11} So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he [is] thy Lord; and worship thou him. {12} And the daughter of Tyre [shall be there] with a gift; [even] the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour. {13} The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold. {14} She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions [re`ah:H7464] that follow her shall be brought unto thee. {15} With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace. {16} Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth. {17} I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.


This brings us to verse 38, however we have already considered all of these words in some of our previous studies, so let’s proceed to verse 39 which declares: And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel,


At The End [qets:H7093] & That She Returned [shuwb:H7725]


The expressions at the end [referring to the two months] or qets along with that she returned or shuwb only appear together again in three other citations that all are related to God’s judgment:


The first one is in verse 25 of Numbers 13:25-33 and 14:1-35, in which these words are rendered And they returned and after:


And they returned [shuwb:H7725]  from searching of the land after [qets:H7093] forty days. {26} And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land. {27} And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this [is] the fruit of it. {28} Nevertheless the people [be] strong that dwell in the land, and the cities [are] walled, [and] very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there. {29} The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan. {30} And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it. {31} But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they [are] stronger than we. {32} And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, [is] a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it [are] men of a great stature. {33} And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, [which come] of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.…{14:1} And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. {2} And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! {3} And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? {4} And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt. {5} Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel. {6} And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, [which were] of them that searched the land, rent their clothes: {7} And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, [is] an exceeding good land. {8} If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey. {9} Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they [are] bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD [is] with us: fear them not. {10} But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel. {11} And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them? {12} I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of thee a greater nation and mightier than they. {13} And Moses said unto the LORD, Then the Egyptians shall hear [it], (for thou broughtest up this people in thy might from among them;) {14} And they will tell [it] to the inhabitants of this land: [for] they have heard that thou LORD [art] among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and [that] thy cloud standeth over them, and [that] thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night. {15} Now [if] thou shalt kill [all] this people as one man, then the nations which have heard the fame of thee will speak, saying, {16} Because the LORD was not able to bring this people into the land which he sware unto them, therefore he hath slain them in the wilderness. {17} And now, I beseech thee, let the power of my Lord be great, according as thou hast spoken, saying, {18} The LORD [is] longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing [the guilty], visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation]. {19} Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the greatness of thy mercy, and as thou hast forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now. {20} And the LORD said, I have pardoned according to thy word: {21} But [as] truly [as] I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD. {22} Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; {23} Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it: {24} But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it. {25} (Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites dwelt in the valley.) To morrow turn you, and get you into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea. {26} And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, {27} How long [shall I bear with] this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. {28} Say unto them, [As truly as] I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: {29} Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, {30} Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, [concerning] which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. {31} But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. {32} But [as for] you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. {33} And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness. {34} After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, [even] forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, [even] forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. {35} I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.  


The second illustration of these two terms, at the end and that she returned emerges in verse 17 of Isaiah 23:1-18, in which these words are expressed as after the end along with and she shall turn, which concerns God’s judgment beginning at His own house first:


The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them. {2} Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished. {3} And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, [is] her revenue; and she is a mart of nations. {4} Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the sea hath spoken, [even] the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, [nor] bring up virgins. {5} As at the report concerning Egypt, [so] shall they be sorely pained at the report of Tyre. {6} Pass ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the isle. {7} [Is] this your joyous [city], whose antiquity [is] of ancient days? her own feet shall carry her afar off to sojourn. {8} Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning [city], whose merchants [are] princes, whose traffickers [are] the honourable of the earth? {9} The LORD of hosts hath purposed it, to stain the pride of all glory, [and] to bring into contempt all the honourable of the earth. {10} Pass through thy land as a river, O daughter of Tarshish: [there is] no more strength. {11} He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant [city], to destroy the strong holds thereof. {12} And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed virgin, daughter of Zidon: arise, pass over to Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest. {13} Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, [till] the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; [and] he brought it to ruin. {14} Howl, ye ships of Tarshish: for your strength is laid waste. {15} And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years shall Tyre sing as an harlot. {16} Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered. {17} And it shall come to pass after the end [qets:H7093] of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn [shuwb:H7725] to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth. {18} And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.


The third entry in which these two words are employed is in verse 13 of  Daniel 11:1-16; these words are translated as shall return and after:  


Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, [even] I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him. {2} And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. {3} And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. {4} And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those. {5} And the king of the south shall be strong, and [one] of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion [shall be] a great dominion. {6} And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in [these] times. {7} But out of a branch of her roots shall [one] stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail: {8} And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, [and] with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue [more] years than the king of the north. {9} So the king of the south shall come into [his] kingdom, and shall return into his own land. {10} But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and [one] shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, [even] to his fortress. {11} And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, [even] with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand. {12} [And] when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down [many] ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened [by it]. {13} For the king of the north shall return [shuwb:H7725], and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after [qets:H7093] certain years with a great army and with much riches. {14} And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall. {15} So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither [shall there be any] strength to withstand. {16} But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed. 


We have run out of time, so we have to stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue looking at verse 39, and then proceed to verse 40.

Judges 11 - Part 35

 January 31, 2022


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 35 and today’s date is January 31, 2022. I’ll read from Judges 11:33-40,


And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel. {34} And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.  {35} And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back. {36} And she said unto him, My father, [if] thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, [even] of the children of Ammon. {37} And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows. {38} And he said, Go. And he sent her away [for] two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains. {39} And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel, {40} [That] the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.


We have arrived at the last half of verse 39…who did with her [according] to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. 


Who Did [`asah:H6213] & His Vow [nader:H5088] He Had Vowed [nadar:H5087] 


The three expressions, Who did or `asah and his vow or nader, along with …he had vowed, or nadar surface together again in the following three citations:


Numbers 6 is a chapter that has much to say  regarding the Nazarite vow in which these three words are found together in verse 21: This [is] the law of the Nazarite who hath vowed [nadar:H5087], [and of] his offering unto the LORD for his separation, beside [that] that his hand shall get: according to the vow [nader:H5088]  which he vowed [nadar:H5087], so he must do  [`asah:H6213]  after the law of his separation.


Verse 2 of Numbers 30:1-2 presents this instruction concerning vows: And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel, saying, This [is] the thing which the LORD hath commanded. {2} If a man vow  [nadar:H5087] a vow [nader:H5088]  unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.


Jeremiah 44 is a chapter that focuses on God’s judgment beginning at His own house first, in which these three terms surface in verse 25; I’ll read verses 1-30 to get some of the background of this account:


 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying, {2} Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they [are] a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein, {3} Because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, [and] to serve other gods, whom they knew not, [neither] they, ye, nor your fathers. {4} Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them], saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate. {5} But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods. {6} Wherefore my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted [and] desolate, as at this day. {7} Therefore now thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; Wherefore commit ye [this] great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain; {8} In that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth? {9} Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem? {10} They are not humbled [even] unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, nor in my statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers. {11} Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah. {12} And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, [and] fall in the land of Egypt; they shall [even] be consumed by the sword [and] by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, [and] an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach. {13} For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: {14} So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape. {15} Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying, {16} [As for] the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee. {17} But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. {18} But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all [things], and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. {19} And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men? {20} Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him [that] answer, saying, {21} The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it [not] into his mind? {22} So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, [and] because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day. {23} Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day. {24} Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that [are] in the land of Egypt: {25} Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows. {26} Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the LORD, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord GOD liveth. {27} Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that [are] in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them. {28} Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine, or theirs. {29} And this [shall be] a sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil: {30} Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life. 


We read in verse 39 that Jephthah’s daughter knew no man, which was one of the reasons she left for two months to …bewail her virginity upon the mountains, as verses 37 and 38 record. However in reviewing Parts 33 and 34 I realized that I did not comment on the parabolic significance of this statement, …bewail her virginity upon the mountains, which to date I have not understood its spiritual significance. Even though we are not given the name of Jephthah’s only daughter we recognize the distinct similarities with Isaac, who was also Abraham’s and Sarah's only son, both of whom typify the Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten of the Father. Perhaps God will open our eyes to this truth as we continue our journey through the book of Judges.


Knew [yada`:H3045] & Man [’iysh:H376]  


In the meantime, the next two words that we encounter in verse 39 are knew or yada` and man or ’iysh. Both of these emerge together in 80 other Scriptures, and we’ll consider a number of them as these terms are used in a variety of different ways and contexts:


Genesis 19:8 also utilizes these terms as known and man: Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known [yada`:H3045] man [’iysh:H376]; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as [is] good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.


This is also the case in Genesis 24:16, And the damsel [was] very fair to look upon, a virgin, neither had any man [’iysh:H376] known [yada`:H3045] her: and she went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and came up.


However in Isaiah 53:3, known is rendered acquainted in this portrayal of the Messiah:  He is despised and rejected of men [’iysh:H376]; a man [’iysh:H376]  of sorrows, and acquainted [yada`:H3045] with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.


Jeremiah 31:34 makes this affirmation regarding the state of all the elect in our present day:  And they shall teach no more every man [’iysh:H376]  his neighbour, and every man [’iysh:H376] his brother, saying, Know [yada`:H3045] the LORD: for they shall all know [yada`:H3045] me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.


In Deuteronomy 8:5 known is translated as Thou shalt also consider:  Thou shalt also consider [yada`:H3045] in thine heart, that, as a man [’iysh:H376]  chasteneth his son, [so] the LORD thy God chasteneth thee.


Ruth 2:11 renders man as of thine husband. We have looked at this passage previously which is exceptionally beautiful, in which Ruth depicts the elect spiritually, and Boaz the Savior: 


And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband [’iysh:H376]: and [how] thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest [yada`:H3045] not heretofore.


1 Samuel 16:18 records what one of Saul’s servants said to Saul about David:  Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, [that is] cunning [yada`:H3045] in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and a man [’iysh:H376]  of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and the LORD [is] with him.


 In 1 Samuel 21:2, we find David fleeing from Saul and he goes to the city of Nob, where the priests and their families lived, and asks for bread from the High Priest Ahimelech, who gives him and his men the shewbread: 


David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man [’iysh:H376]  know [yada`:H3045] any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed [my] servants to such and such a place.


Lastly, 1 Kings 2:9 is one of the last charges that David gave to his son Solomon regarding Shimei who cursed David on an earlier occasion, when David was immersed with the problems arising from Absalom’s coup. Eventually, after the death of Absalom, when David regained control again, Shimei repented. The way this played out was that Solomon commanded Shimei that he was not to leave the city under any circumstances, and if he did, he would die, and Shimei assented to the agreement. As it turns out, two of Shimei’s servants ran away from him, and he left the city to pursue after them. Upon his return he had to face Solomon (who had been informed that he had left the city) who reminded him that he had agreed never to leave the city under penalty of death, and Shemei was summarily executed:


 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou [art] a wise man [’iysh:H376], and knowest [yada`:H3045] what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.


Lord willing, in our next study we will proceed to the last two words in verse 39, …a custom in Israel.