Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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Judges 11 - Part 12

 November 29, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 12 and today’s date is November 29, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:14-23,


And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: {15} And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon: {16} But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; {17} Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh. {18} Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab. {19} And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place. {20} But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. {21} And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. {22} And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. {23} So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?


As I mentioned in our last study we have already discussed the words in verse 14. This is also the case with verse 15, in which Jephthah denies the allegations of the king of Ammon. So in light of that let's consider verse 16 in our ongoing study of the book of Judges,




But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; 


And Walked [yalak:H3212] Through The Wilderness [midbar:H4057]


As we think about these two Hebrew words, and walked, along with through the wilderness we are reminded of the time we are now living in, which is the "day" of judgment, which parallels the wilderness sojourn which God also refers to as a "day" (although it lasted 40 years), according to Psalm 95:8-10,


Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:


The following Scriptures illustrate how God uses these two expressions together:


We will see these two expressions again in verse 18 of this chapter, in which they are translated as, Then they went along and through the wilderness:


 Then they went along [yalak:H3212]  through the wilderness [midbar:H4057], and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab.


Deuteronomy 2:7 is a further commentary on that 40-year sojourn:  For the LORD thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking [yalak:H3212] through this great wilderness: [midbar:H4057] these forty years the LORD thy God hath been with thee; thou hast lacked nothing.


Deuteronomy 8:2 also reveals one of God's purposes for national Israel in the desert, in which the word and walked is rendered led:


And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led [yalak:H3212] thee these forty years in the wilderness [midbar:H4057], to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.


Amos 2:10 likewise testifies of God’s promise for Israel to possess the land of Canaan (which typifies the Kingdom of God): Also I brought you up from the land of Egypt, and led you forty years through the wilderness [midbar:H4057], to possess the land of the Amorite.


Additionally, the land of Canaan represents the Gospel going forth into the world - plundering Satan’s kingdom as it were - in order to reach the nations of the elect, typified by Joshua (whose name in Greek is Jesus) and the tribes of Israel. Christ is also in view in Revelation 6:1-2,


And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see. {2} And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him [Christ] had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.  


The Red [cuwph:H5488] Sea [yam:H3220] 


The next two words that we want to consider in Judges 11:16 are: The Red and Sea. These two proper nouns surface in 19 other Scriptures, and I’ll just mention the following three:


Verse 4 of Deuteronomy 11:1-9 declares: Therefore thou shalt love the LORD thy God, and keep his charge, and his statutes, and his judgments, and his commandments, alway. {2} And know ye this day: for [I speak] not with your children which have not known, and which have not seen the chastisement of the LORD your God, his greatness, his mighty hand, and his stretched out arm, {3} And his miracles, and his acts, which he did in the midst of Egypt unto Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and unto all his land; {4} And what he did unto the army of Egypt, unto their horses, and to their chariots; how he made the water of the Red [cuwph:H5488] sea [yam:H3220] to overflow them as they pursued after you, and [how] the LORD hath destroyed them unto this day; {5} And what he did unto you in the wilderness, until ye came into this place; {6} And what he did unto Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben: how the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their households, and their tents, and all the substance that [was] in their possession, in the midst of all Israel: {7} But your eyes have seen all the great acts of the LORD which he did. {8} Therefore shall ye keep all the commandments which I command you this day, that ye may be strong, and go in and possess the land, whither ye go to possess it; {9} And that ye may prolong [your] days in the land, which the LORD sware unto your fathers to give unto them and to their seed, a land that floweth with milk and honey.


Joshua 2:10 includes Rahab the harlot’s words under divine inspiration to the two spies:  For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red [cuwph:H5488] sea [yam:H3220]  for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that [were] on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed.


Nehemiah 9:9 likewise acknowledges: And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red [cuwph:H5488] sea; [yam:H3220] 


As it turns out, the term for the Red or cuwph (H5488) is made up of three Hebrew consonants (Samech/Ain/Pe - the 15th, 16th, and 17th letters of the Hebrew alphabet respectively). 


This configuration is called a shoresh, signifying a root or stem. It is part of a “word family” that we find in for instance, in Isaiah 53:2, which is a glorious depiction of the Messiah and rendered and as a root, which is an amazing truth to highlight that the Savior is identified with every letter and word in the Bible.


 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root [shoresh:H8328] out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him.


“The Sea Of The End”


This expression the Red or cuwph is part of another “word family” and one of those words that is identically spelled to Red (sometimes Reeds) is the end (H5490). So we can call the Red Sea, “The Sea of the End”! This same word (H5490) only appears in the following five passages, in which it is also translated  as the conclusion, along with, and his hinder part:


2 Chronicles 20 is the chapter that deals with the battle in the Valley of Jehoshaphat that is taking place spiritually in this present day of judgment; this term surfaces in verse 16 as them at the end:  


To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end [cowph:H5490] of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel.


Ecclesiastes 3:11 expresses God’s handiwork as well as His ability to hide what He does from the unsaved: He hath made every [thing] beautiful in his time: also he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end. [cowph:H5490]


And Ecclesiastes 7:2 provides this important directive: [It is] better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that [is] the end [cowph:H5490] of all men; and the living will lay [it] to his heart.


Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion [cowph:H5490] of the whole matter: [dabar:H1697, “Word”] Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.


Lastly verse 20 of Joel 2:1-27 includes this word as and his hinder part; this chapter also takes place against the backdrop of the first outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost (known as the early rain) along with the latter rain that occurred during the Great Tribulation, as well as the “day” of Judgment that we are currently in:    


Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand; {2} A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. {3} A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land [is] as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them. {4} The appearance of them [is] as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run. {5} Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array. {6} Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness. {7} They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks: {8} Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and [when] they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded. {9} They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief. {10} The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: {11} And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it? {12} Therefore also now, saith the LORD, turn ye [even] to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning: {13} And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he [is] gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. {14} Who knoweth [if] he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; [even] a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God? {15} Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly: {16} Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet. {17} Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O LORD, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the people, Where [is] their God? {18} Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, and pity his people. {19} Yea, the LORD will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith: and I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen: {20} But I will remove far off from you the northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part [cowph:H5490]  toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things. {21} Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: for the LORD will do great things. {22} Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength. {23} Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first [month]. {24} And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the fats shall overflow with wine and oil. {25} And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you. {26} And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed. {27} And ye shall know that I [am] in the midst of Israel, and [that] I [am] the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.


On that wonderful note we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue our examination of Judges 11:16.

Judges 11 - Part 13

 December 1, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 13 and today’s date is December 1, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:14-23,


And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: {15} And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon: {16} But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; {17} Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh. {18} Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab. {19} And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place. {20} But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. {21} And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. {22} And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. {23} So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?


In our previous study we discussed the majority of verse 16, which records part of Jephthah’s denial of the allegations that the King of Ammon had leveled against him and Israel. We learned that Israel’s sojourn in the wilderness for 40 years was a test for the Israelites, which sadly, many of them failed. That 40-year period corresponds to our day and this grievous time of testing that is one aspect of the “day” of judgment. Additionally we discovered that the Red Sea is indeed The Sea of the End as we are living so closely to the end of this universe, and the ushering in of the New Heavens and the New Earth. However, because we ran out of time, we were unable to address the last two terms in verse 16...and came to Kadesh, which we now want to investigate.   


And Came [bow’:H935]        To Kadesh [Qadesh:H6946]


The two expressions, and came or bow’ (H935) along with, to Kadesh (H6946) are only found together in the subsequent four citations. Before reading those Scriptures I would like to point out that the proper noun Kadesh means holy and it stems from an identically spelled verb (except for the vowel pointings) qadash, signifying, to be holy, sanctify, hallow, consecrate, etc. This “word family” consists of a few other words, including the main word that is used for sanctuary (miqdash:H4720)


Genesis 14:7 records part of a battle between four kings versus five other kings that Abraham got involved in, as his nephew Lot was taken captive as these events were transpiring:  


And they returned, and came [bow’:H935] to Enmishpat, which [is] Kadesh [Qadesh:H6946], and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.


Verse 26 of  Numbers 13:25-27 presents the report that the spies gave after they returned from searching out the land for 40 days. Only two of the spies (Caleb and Joshua) gave a favorable report and encouraged the other 10 tribes to trust God that He would deliver the land into their hand: 


And they returned from searching of the land after forty days. {26} And they went and came [bow’:H935] to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh [Qadesh:H6946]; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land. {27} And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this [is] the fruit of it.


The other 10 tribes did not trust God, and thus they incurred God’s punishment, which was to wander in the desert for 40 years - according to the principle - each day for a year, as God prescribed in Numbers 14:34,  


After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, [even] forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, [even] forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise.


The last entry that includes these two words is Numbers 20:1 and 22,  Then came [bow’:H935] the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh [Qadesh:H6946]; and Miriam died there, and was buried there. ... {22} And the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh [Qadesh:H6946], and came [bow’:H935] unto mount Hor.


Let’s proceed to verse 17 which states: Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh. 


Then Israel [Yisra`el:H3478] Sent [shalach:H7971]  Messengers [mal’ak:H4397] Unto The King [melek:H4428] Of Edom [’Edom:H123]  


The phrase,  Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom… is made up of five words that are only found together again in verse 14 of Numbers 20:14-22, which records that actual historical account that Judges 11:17 is describing:


And Moses sent [shalach:H7971] messengers [mal’ak:H4397] from Kadesh unto the king [melek:H4428] of Edom [’Edom:H123], Thus saith thy brother Israel [Yisra`el:H3478], Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us: {15} How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers: {16} And when we cried unto the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and hath brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we [are] in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border: {17} Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink [of] the water of the wells: we will go by the king's [high] way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders. {18} And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword. {19} And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without [doing] any thing [else], go through on my feet. {20} And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand. {21} Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him. {22} And the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor. 


Spiritually, Edom (aka, Esau, Mount Seir, etc.) pictures the churches and denominations, worldwide and without exception, that came under the wrath of God, as God commenced His judgment at the beginning of the Great Tribulation (May 21, 1988 - May 21. 2011), according to 1 Peter 4:17-18,


For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God? {18} And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?


Saying [’amar:H559] Let Me I Pray Thee Pass [`abar:H5674] Through Thy Land [’erets:H776]


The next three terms in the phrase, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land… emerge in 18 other Scriptures, and I’ll just mention two of them that are quite telling, with respect to God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: 


 

The first passage is God’s solemn warning to King Solomon in verse 8 of 1 Kings 9:1-9, which regrettably he did not uphold, as he typifies the apostate churches and denominations at the end that God judged:


And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all Solomon's desire which he was pleased to do, {2} That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon. {3} And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. {4} And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, [and] wilt keep my statutes and my judgments: {5} Then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel. {6} [But] if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments [and] my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them: {7} Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people: {8} And at this house, [which] is high, every one that passeth [`abar:H5674] by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say [’amar:H559], Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land [’erets:H776], and to this house? {9} And they shall answer, Because they forsook the LORD their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.


The second reference is in verse 15 of Lamentations 2:1-17; please note the many different allusions to Israel: 


How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, [and] cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger! {2} The Lord hath swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and hath not pitied: he hath thrown down in his wrath the strong holds of the daughter of Judah; he hath brought [them] down to the ground: he hath polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof. {3} He hath cut off in [his] fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, [which] devoureth round about. {4} He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all [that were] pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire. {5} The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. {6} And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as [if it were of] a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. {7} The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast. {8} The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion: he hath stretched out a line, he hath not withdrawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together. {9} Her gates are sunk into the ground; he hath destroyed and broken her bars: her king and her princes [are] among the Gentiles: the law [is] no [more]; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD. {10} The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, [and] keep silence: they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground. {11} Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city. {12} They say to their mothers, Where [is] corn [the Bread of Life] and wine [the Life of Christ representing by His blood atonement]? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom. {13} What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach [is] great like the sea: who can heal thee? {14} Thy prophets have seen vain and foolish things for thee: and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity; but have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment. {15} All that pass [`abar:H5674] by clap [their] hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, [saying, Is] this the city that [men] call [’amar:H559] The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth? [’erets:H776] {16} All thine enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen [it]. {17} The LORD hath done [that] which he had devised; he hath fulfilled his word that he had commanded in the days of old: he hath thrown down, and hath not pitied: and he hath caused [thine] enemy to rejoice over thee, he hath set up the horn of thine adversaries.


The next phrase in Judges 11:17, ... but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]...  underscores what we read earlier in Numbers 11:14-22.


They Sent  [shalach:H7971] Unto The King  [melek:H4428] Of Moab [Mow’av:H4124]


Moab is another spiritual representation of the churches and denominations that came under God’s wrath. You might recall that both the Ammonites and as well as the Moabites were the children of Lot’s daughters’ incestuous relationship with their father. God also warned Israel about Moab in Deuteronomy 2:8-9,


And when we passed by from our brethren the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, through the way of the plain from Elath, and from Eziongaber, we turned and passed by the way of the wilderness of Moab. {9} And the LORD said unto me, Distress not the Moabites, neither contend with them in battle: for I will not give thee of their land [for] a possession; because I have given Ar unto the children of Lot [for] a possession.


Furthermore, you might recall that one of the Moabite kings had hired Balaam, the wicked soothsayer to curse Israel, as the Moabites were terrified of them as we learn from Numbers 22:1-7; however God turned the curse into a blessing, as He used Balaam to speak some of the most beautiful statements in Scripture (in Numbers 23 and 24) regarding Israel - who here represents all of God’s elect in the Kingdom of God: 


And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab on this side Jordan [by] Jericho. {2} And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. {3} And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they [were] many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel. {4} And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor [was] king of the Moabites at that time. {5} He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which [is] by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me: {6} Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they [are] too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, [that] we may smite them, and [that] I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest [is] blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed. {7} And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto him the words of Balak.


Let’s stop here as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next study, we will examine verse 18.

Judges 11 - Part 14

 December 3, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 14 and today’s date is December 3, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:14-23,


And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: {15} And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon: {16} But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; {17} Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh. {18} Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab. {19} And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place. {20} But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. {21} And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. {22} And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. {23} So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?


In our previous lesson we learned from the question that was posed to the king of Edom (or Esau)…Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land…that God’s judgment began at His own house first. This spiritual truth emerged in two outstanding passages that we considered: the first one was in verse 8 of 1 Kings 9:1-9 regarding God’s warning to King Solomon after the completion of the Temple under his watch; and secondly verse 15 of Lamentations 2:1-17, that had to do with the destruction of that divine institution that mirrors God’s retribution on the New Testament churches and denominations during the Great Tribulation (May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011)   


In today’s study we will focus on verse 18, beginning with the phrase …and compassed the land of Edom…as we continue to investigate Jephthah’s rebuttal to the king of Ammon.


And Compassed [cabab:H5437] The Land [’erets:H776] Of Edom [’Edom:123]


These three Hebrew expressions are only found together again in verse 4 of Numbers 21:1-9,


And [when] king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took [some] of them prisoners. {2} And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities. {3} And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities: and he called the name of the place Hormah. {4} And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass  [cabab:H5437] the land [’erets:H776] of Edom [’Edom:123]: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way. {5} And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for [there is] no bread, neither [is there any] water; and our soul loatheth this light bread. {6} And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. {7} Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people. {8} And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live. {9} And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.


We have already discussed the terms, …and the land of Moab… in verse 17, so the next phrase that we want to examine is …and came by the east side, which is comprised of two words that only surface again in three other places:

 


And Came [bow’:H935] By The East Side [mizrach:H4217]


The first entry is in verse 5 of Joshua 13:1-8 with regard to the division of the land of Canaan to the various tribes; these two expressions are translated as toward the sunrising and the entering: Now Joshua was old [and] stricken in years; and the LORD said unto him, Thou art old [and] stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed. {2} This [is] the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri, {3} From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites: {4} From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that [is] beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites: {5} And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising [mizrach:H4217], from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering [bow’:H935] into Hamath. {6} All the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon unto Misrephothmaim, [and] all the Sidonians, them will I drive out from before the children of Israel: only divide thou it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have commanded thee. {7} Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh, {8} With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond Jordan eastward, [even] as Moses the servant of the LORD gave them;





Isaiah 41:25 includes these two words as from the rising and he shall come: I have raised up [one] from the north, and he shall come [bow’:H935]: from the rising [mizrach:H4217] of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as [upon] morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.


Lastly, verse 19 of Isaiah 59:15-21 records these words as from the rising along with shall come in:  Yea, truth faileth; and he [that] departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw [it], and it displeased him that [there was] no judgment. {16} And he saw that [there was] no man, and wondered that [there was] no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him. {17} For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. {18} According to [their] deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence. {19} So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising [mizrach:H4217] of the sun. When the enemy shall come in [bow’:H935] like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him. {20} And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. {21} As for me, this [is] my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that [is] upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.


And Pitched [chanah:H2583] On The Other Side [`eber:H5676] Of Arnon [’Arnown:H769]


The next phrase that we encounter in Judges 11:18 is …and pitched on the other side of Arnon… which also consists of three words that only emerge together again in Numbers 21:13,


From thence they removed, and pitched [chanah:H2583]  on the other side [`eber:H5676] of Arnon [’Arnown:H769], which [is] in the wilderness that cometh out of the coasts of the Amorites: for Arnon [is] the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.


But Came [bow’:H935] Within The Border [g@bool:H1366] Of Moab [Mow’av:H4124]


This brings us to the next phrase in verse 18, …but came within the border of Moab.. and once again these three terms only arise in Balaam’s interaction with Balak, the king of Moab, in verse 36 of Numbers 22:36-38,


And when Balak heard that Balaam was come [bow’:H935], he went out to meet him unto a city of Moab [Mow’av:H4124], which [is] in the border [g@bool:H1366] of Arnon, which [is] in the utmost coast. {37} And Balak said unto Balaam, Did I not earnestly send unto thee to call thee? wherefore camest thou not unto me? am I not able indeed to promote thee to honour? {38} And Balaam said unto Balak, Lo, I am come unto thee: have I now any power at all to say any thing? the word that God putteth in my mouth, that shall I speak. 


Curiously, the final words of verse 18 repeat some of these words: …for Arnon was the border of Moab. We wonder why God is highlighting this fact, so let’s try to take a closer look at these words separately to see if God might open our understanding to what He has hidden within these expressions spiritually. Let’s start with the river Arnon.


Arnon [’Arnon:H769]


This proper noun is found in 22 other Scriptures, and I’ll just mention two of them that might possibly help us to discover its spiritual significance. Arnon was the northern boundary of the Moabites and the southern boundary of the Amorites. The first reference is in Isaiah 16:2, and the second is in Jeremiah 48:20. However each of these chapters (in their entirety) are dedicated to explaining the destruction of Moab - who typifies the New Testament churches and denominations -  that came under God’s wrath for their spiritual idolatry.


Isaiah 16:1-14 maintains: Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion. {2 }For it shall be, [that], as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, [so] the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon. [’Arnon:H769] {3} Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth. {4} Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land. {5} And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness. {6} We have heard of the pride of Moab; [he is] very proud: [even] of his haughtiness, and his pride, and his wrath: [but] his lies [shall] not [be] so. {7} Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely [they are] stricken. {8} For the fields of Heshbon languish, [and] the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come [even] unto Jazer, they wandered [through] the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea. {9} Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen. {10} And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in [their] presses; I have made [their vintage] shouting to cease. {11} Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kirharesh. {12} And it shall come to pass, when it is seen that Moab is weary on the high place, that he shall come to his sanctuary to pray; but he shall not prevail. {13} This [is] the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning Moab since that time. {14} But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant [shall be] very small [and] feeble.


You might have noticed five place references, besides Moab, all of which are within the border of Moab. 

Verse 20 of Jeremiah 48:1- 47 contains this word, Arnon and this chapter is quite similar in context to Isaiah 16, with additional cities being mentioned. Please note that Moab is mentioned 33 times (if my count is right)!  


Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded [and] taken: Misgab is confounded and dismayed. {2} [There shall be] no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon they have devised evil against it; come, and let us cut it off from [being] a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O Madmen; the sword shall pursue thee. {3} A voice of crying [shall be] from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction. {4} Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard. {5} For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up; for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction. {6} Flee, save your lives, and be like the heath in the wilderness. {7} For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity [with] his priests and his princes together. {8} And the spoiler shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape: the valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the LORD hath spoken. {9} Give wings unto Moab, that it may flee and get away: for the cities thereof shall be desolate, without any to dwell therein. {10} Cursed [be] he that doeth the work of the LORD deceitfully, and cursed [be] he that keepeth back his sword from blood. {11} Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent is not changed. {12} Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will send unto him wanderers, that shall cause him to wander, and shall empty his vessels, and break their bottles. {13} And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel their confidence. {14} How say ye, We [are] mighty and strong men for the war? {15} Moab is spoiled, and gone up [out of] her cities, and his chosen young men are gone down to the slaughter, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts. {16} The calamity of Moab [is] near to come, and his affliction hasteth fast. {17} All ye that are about him, bemoan him; and all ye that know his name, say, How is the strong staff broken, [and] the beautiful rod! {18} Thou daughter that dost inhabit Dibon, come down from [thy] glory, and sit in thirst; for the spoiler of Moab shall come upon thee, [and] he shall destroy thy strong holds. {19} O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way, and espy; ask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth, [and] say, What is done? {20} Moab is confounded; for it is broken down: howl and cry; tell ye it in Arnon, that Moab is spoiled, {21} And judgment is come upon the plain country; upon Holon, and upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath, {22} And upon Dibon, and upon Nebo, and upon Bethdiblathaim, {23} And upon Kiriathaim, and upon Bethgamul, and upon Bethmeon, {24} And upon Kerioth, and upon Bozrah, and upon all the cities of the land of Moab, far or near. {25} The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD. {26} Make ye him drunken: for he magnified [himself] against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision. {27} For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found among thieves? for since thou spakest of him, thou skippedst for joy. {28} O ye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove [that] maketh her nest in the sides of the hole's mouth. {29} We have heard the pride of Moab, (he is exceeding proud) his loftiness, and his arrogancy, and his pride, and the haughtiness of his heart. {30} I know his wrath, saith the LORD; but [it shall] not [be] so; his lies shall not so effect [it]. {31} Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; [mine heart] shall mourn for the men of Kirheres. {32} O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the weeping of Jazer: thy plants are gone over the sea, they reach [even] to the sea of Jazer: the spoiler is fallen upon thy summer fruits and upon thy vintage. {33} And joy and gladness is taken from the plentiful field, and from the land of Moab; and I have caused wine to fail from the winepresses: none shall tread with shouting; [their] shouting [shall be] no shouting. {34} From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate. {35} Moreover I will cause to cease in Moab, saith the LORD, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his gods. {36} Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kirheres: because the riches [that] he hath gotten are perished. {37} For every head [shall be] bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands [shall be] cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth. {38} [There shall be] lamentation generally upon all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof: for I have broken Moab like a vessel wherein [is] no pleasure, saith the LORD. {39} They shall howl, [saying], How is it broken down! how hath Moab turned the back with shame! so shall Moab be a derision and a dismaying to all them about him. {40} For thus saith the LORD; Behold, he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab. {41} Kerioth is taken, and the strong holds are surprised, and the mighty men's hearts in Moab at that day shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs. {42} And Moab shall be destroyed from [being] a people, because he hath magnified [himself] against the LORD. {43} Fear, and the pit, and the snare, [shall be] upon thee, O inhabitant of Moab, saith the LORD. {44} He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for I will bring upon it, [even] upon Moab, the year of their visitation, saith the LORD. {45} They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones. {46} Woe be unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh perisheth: for thy sons are taken captives, and thy daughters captives. {47} Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith the LORD. Thus far [is] the judgment of Moab.


We will have to stop here, as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue to examine Arnon further.

Judges 11 - Part 15

 December 6, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 15 and today’s date is December 6, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:14-23,


And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: {15} And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon: {16} But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; {17} Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh. {18} Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab. {19} And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place. {20} But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. {21} And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. {22} And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. {23} So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?


In our previous  study we began looking at the spiritual significance of the Arnon River which was the northernmost boundary of the Moabites, and the southernmost boundary of the Amorites. Two chapters - Isaiah 16 and Jeremiah 48 -  in particular helped us to understand that the Moabites represent the end-time churches and denominations which came under the wrath of God for their spiritual idolatry. Before moving on in verse 18, I would like to spend some time looking at the root word for Arnon, which is ranan (H7442).


Ranan (H7442) 


This very interesting expression is used 52 times in the Old Testament and is translated primarily as sing, rejoice, shout and sing aloud, as the following citations illustrate:


Actually this word cropped up in Isaiah 16:10 as singing in our last study: And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing [ranan:H7442], neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in [their] presses; I have made [their vintage] shouting to cease.


In Psalm 132:1-18 this expression appears in verse 9 as shout for joy and in verse 16 as  shall shout aloud: [A Song of degrees.] LORD, remember David, [and] all his afflictions: {2} How he sware unto the LORD, [and] vowed unto the mighty [God] of Jacob; {3} Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed; {4} I will not give sleep to mine eyes, [or] slumber to mine eyelids, {5} Until I find out a place for the LORD, an habitation for the mighty [God] of Jacob. {6} Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah: we found it in the fields of the wood. {7} We will go into his tabernacles: we will worship at his footstool. {8} Arise, O LORD, into thy rest; thou, and the ark of thy strength. {9} Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let thy saints shout for joy. [ranan:H7442] {10} For thy servant David's sake turn not away the face of thine anointed. {11} The LORD hath sworn [in] truth unto David; he will not turn from it; Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne. {12} If thy children will keep my covenant and my testimony that I shall teach them, their children shall also sit upon thy throne for evermore. {13} For the LORD hath chosen Zion; he hath desired [it] for his habitation. {14} This [is] my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it. {15} I will abundantly bless her provision: I will satisfy her poor with bread. {16} I will also clothe her priests with salvation: and her saints shall shout aloud [ranan:H7442] for joy. {17} There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed. {18} His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon himself shall his crown flourish.


Deuteronomy 32:1-47 is known as the Song of Moses, and in verse 43 this term is rendered Rejoice, which God commanded Moses to speak to the children of Israel prior to his death:


Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. {2} My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass: {3} Because I will publish the name of the LORD: ascribe ye greatness unto our God. {4} [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he. {5} They have corrupted themselves, their spot [is] not [the spot] of his children: [they are] a perverse and crooked generation. {6} Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? [is] not he thy father [that] hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, and established thee? {7} Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell thee. {8} When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. {9} For the LORD'S portion [is] his people; Jacob [is] the lot of his inheritance. {10} He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye. {11} As an eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her wings: {12} [So] the LORD alone did lead him, and [there was] no strange god with him. {13} He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; {14} Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape. {15} But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation. {16} They provoked him to jealousy with strange [gods], with abominations provoked they him to anger. {17} They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new [gods that] came newly up, whom your fathers feared not. {18} Of the Rock [that] begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee. {19} And when the LORD saw [it], he abhorred [them], because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters. {20} And he said, I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end [shall be]: for they [are] a very froward generation, children in whom [is] no faith. {21} They have moved me to jealousy with [that which is] not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with [those which are] not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation. {22} For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains. {23} I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them. {24} [They shall be] burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust. {25} The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling [also] with the man of gray hairs. {26} I said, I would scatter them into corners, I would make the remembrance of them to cease from among men: {27} Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy, lest their adversaries should behave themselves strangely, [and] lest they should say, Our hand [is] high, and the LORD hath not done all this. {28} For they [are] a nation void of counsel, neither [is there any] understanding in them. {29} O that they were wise, [that] they understood this, [that] they would consider their latter end! {30} How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up? {31} For their rock [is] not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves [being] judges. {32} For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes [are] grapes of gall, their clusters [are] bitter: {33} Their wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps. {34} [Is] not this laid up in store with me, [and] sealed up among my treasures? {35} To me [belongeth] vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in [due] time: for the day of their calamity [is] at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste. {36} For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that [their] power is gone, and [there is] none shut up, or left. {37} And he shall say, Where [are] their gods, [their] rock in whom they trusted, {38} Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, [and] drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, [and] be your protection. {39} See now that I, [even] I, [am] he, and [there is] no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither [is there any] that can deliver out of my hand. {40} For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. {41} If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me. {42} I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy. {43} Rejoice [ranan:H7442], O ye nations, [with] his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, [and] to his people. {44} And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun. {45} And Moses made an end of speaking all these words to all Israel: {46} And he said unto them, Set your hearts unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law. {47} For it [is] not a vain thing for you; because it [is] your life: and through this thing ye shall prolong [your] days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.


Singing and praising God is a vital aspect of the “day” of judgment that God’s saints are to be involved in as we learn from verse 5 of Psalm 149:1-9 which speaks of what God’s people are to be doing at this time; please note all the other words that relate to either singing, rejoicing, praising, dancing, with the accompanying musical instruments of the timbrel and harp:


Praise ye the LORD. Sing unto the LORD a new song, [and] his praise in the congregation of saints. {2} Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King. {3} Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp. {4} For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation. {5} Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud [ranan:H7442] upon their beds. {6} [Let] the high [praises] of God [be] in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; {7} To execute vengeance upon the heathen, [and] punishments upon the people; {8} To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; {9} To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.


Since we have already discussed the remaining words in the last part of verse 18…but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab, let us proceed to verse 19,


And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place.


Sihon [Ciychown:H5511] King [melek:H4428] Of The Amorites [’Emoriy:H567]


The phrase, Sihon king of the Amorites emerges for instance in two of the psalms:


Verse 11 of Psalm 135:10-12 records: Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings; {11} Sihon [Ciychown:H5511] king [melek:H4428] of the Amorites [’Emoriy:H567], and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan: {12} And gave their land [for] an heritage, an heritage unto Israel his people. 


Verse 19 of Psalm 136:17-20 also acknowledges:  To him which smote great kings: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: {18} And slew famous kings: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: {19} Sihon [Ciychown:H5511] king [melek:H4428] of the Amorites [’Emoriy:H567]: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: {20} And Og the king of Bashan: for his mercy [endureth] for ever:




Into [`ad:H5704]  My Place [maqowm:H4725]


The last two words that we have not already addressed in verse 19 are into and my place, which are only found together again in verse 7 of Jeremiah 7:1-34 in which they are expressed as for and place; please note how God underscores that His judgment began at His own house first:


The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, {2} Stand in the gate of the LORD'S house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the LORD, all [ye of] Judah, that enter in at these gates to worship the LORD. {3} Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place. {4} Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the LORD, [are] these. {5} For if ye throughly amend your ways and your doings; if ye throughly execute judgment between a man and his neighbour; {6} [If] ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt: {7} Then will I cause you to dwell in this place [maqowm:H4725], in the land that I gave to your fathers, for [`ad:H5704] ever and ever. {8} Behold, ye trust in lying words, that cannot profit. {9} Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; {10} And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations? {11} Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen [it], saith the LORD. {12} But go ye now unto my place which [was] in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel. {13} And now, because ye have done all these works, saith the LORD, and I spake unto you, rising up early and speaking, but ye heard not; and I called you, but ye answered not; {14} Therefore will I do unto [this] house, which is called by my name, wherein ye trust, and unto the place which I gave to you and to your fathers, as I have done to Shiloh. {15} And I will cast you out of my sight, as I have cast out all your brethren, [even] the whole seed of Ephraim. {16} Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession to me: for I will not hear thee. {17} Seest thou not what they do in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? {18} The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead [their] dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto other gods, that they may provoke me to anger. {19} Do they provoke me to anger? saith the LORD: [do they] not [provoke] themselves to the confusion of their own faces? {20} Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, mine anger and my fury shall be poured out upon this place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched. {21} Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Put your burnt offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat flesh. {22} For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices: {23} But this thing commanded I them, saying, Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people: and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. {24} But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels [and] in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward. {25} Since the day that your fathers came forth out of the land of Egypt unto this day I have even sent unto you all my servants the prophets, daily rising up early and sending [them]: {26} Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers. {27} Therefore thou shalt speak all these words unto them; but they will not hearken to thee: thou shalt also call unto them; but they will not answer thee. {28} But thou shalt say unto them, This [is] a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the LORD their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth. {29} Cut off thine hair, [O Jerusalem], and cast [it] away, and take up a lamentation on high places; for the LORD hath rejected and forsaken the generation of his wrath. {30} For the children of Judah have done evil in my sight, saith the LORD: they have set their abominations in the house which is called by my name, to pollute it. {31} And they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded [them] not, neither came it into my heart. {32} Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be called Tophet, nor the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophet, till there be no place. {33} And the carcases of this people shall be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth; and none shall fray [them] away. {34} Then will I cause to cease from the cities of Judah, and from the streets of Jerusalem, the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride: for the land shall be desolate.


Lord willing in our next study we will examine verse 20.

Judges 11 - Part 16

 December 8, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 16 and today’s date is December 8, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:14-23,


And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: {15} And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon: {16} But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; {17} Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh. {18} Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon [was] the border of Moab. {19} And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place. {20} But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. {21} And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. {22} And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. {23} So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?


In our examination of this chapter we have arrived at verse 20, as Jephthah continues his rebuttal to the king of the Ammonites. We have already considered all the terms in this verse in some of our earlier studies, but I do want to mention a commentary regarding this Scripture in Deuteronomy 2:26-37 which gives us more insight as to what God was doing behind the scenes, as Moses recounts, under divine inspiration. Please note verse 30b in particular:  for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, which reminds us of how God hardened Pharaoh’s heart prior to the Exodus: 


And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying, {27} Let me pass through thy land: I will go along by the high way, I will neither turn unto the right hand nor to the left. {28} Thou shalt sell me meat for money, that I may eat; and give me water for money, that I may drink: only I will pass through on my feet; {29} (As the children of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass over Jordan into the land which the LORD our God giveth us. {30} But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as [appeareth] this day. {31} And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have begun to give Sihon and his land before thee: begin to possess, that thou mayest inherit his land. {32} Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz. {33} And the LORD our God delivered him before us; and we smote him, and his sons, and all his people. {34} And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain: {35} Only the cattle we took for a prey unto ourselves, and the spoil of the cities which we took. {36} From Aroer, which [is] by the brink of the river of Arnon, and [from] the city that [is] by the river, even unto Gilead, there was not one city too strong for us: the LORD our God delivered all unto us: {37} Only unto the land of the children of Ammon thou camest not, [nor] unto any place of the river Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the mountains, nor unto whatsoever the LORD our God forbad us. 


Let’s proceed to verse 21: And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country. 


And The LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God [’elohiym:H430] Of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] Delivered [nathan:H5414]


The first phrase in this verse, And the LORD God of Israel delivered, consists of four words that surface in 34 other passages, as the subsequent examples illustrate. 


Deuteronomy 4:1 testifies that obedience to God’s Word (as a result of salvation) is necessary for spiritual life and to carry out God's will; in this passage, delivered is translated giveth:   Now therefore hearken, O Israel [Yisra’el:H3478], unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do [them], that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God [’elohiym:H430] of your fathers giveth [nathan:H5414] you.


Joshua 13:33 explains a major difference between the tribe of Levi and all the other tribes: But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave [nathan:H5414] not [any] inheritance: the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God [’elohiym:H430]  of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] [was] their inheritance, as he said unto them.


1 Samuel 17:46 includes these four expressions in David’s bold affirmation to Goliath, in which David typifies the Lord Jesus, and Goliath represents Satan: 


This day will the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give [nathan:H5414] the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God [’elohiym:H430] in Israel. [Yisra’el:H3478] 


In 1 Kings 17:14, Elijah  announces this promise, under divine inspiration, to the widow woman and her son: For thus saith the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God [’elohiym:H430] of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478], The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day [that] the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] sendeth [nathan:H5414]  rain upon the earth.


Ezra 7:6 likewise reveals this about Ezra, as God had spiritually  groomed him for his service to the LORD: This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he [was] a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God [’elohiym:H430] of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] had given [nathan:H5414]: and the king granted him all his request, according to the hand of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] his God [’elohiym:H430] upon him.


Verse 3 of Isaiah 43:1-7 is a gracious testimony to God’s constant faithfulness to His elect people:  


But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called [thee] by thy name; thou [art] mine. {2} When thou passest through the waters, I [will be] with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee. {3} For I [am] the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] thy God [’elohiym:H430], the Holy One of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478], thy Saviour: I gave [nathan:H5414]  Egypt [for] thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. {4} Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. {5} Fear not: for I [am] with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west; {6} I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; {7} [Even] every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.


Similarly, verse 3 of Isaiah 45:1-7 acknowledges: Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus [another portrait of Christ], whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; {2} I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron: {3} And I will give [nathan:H5414] thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068], which call [thee] by thy name, [am] the God [’elohiym:H430] of Israel. [Yisra’el:H3478] {4} For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me. {5} I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else, [there is] no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me: {6} That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that [there is] none beside me. I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else. {7} I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these [things].


Verse 33 of Jeremiah 31:31-34 emphasizes the completion of God’s election program that He had secured for all His saints at …the foundation of the world: 


Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: {32} Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day [that] I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: {33} But this [shall be] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]; After those days, saith the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068], I will put [nathan:H5414] my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God [’elohiym:H430], and they shall be my people. {34} And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.


In reading the foregoing citations one can only marvel at the power and sovereignty of God who does all things after the counsel of His own will, as the following references underscore:


Isaiah 46:9-11 solemnly asserts: Remember the former things of old: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else; [I am] God, and [there is] none like me, {10} Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times [the things] that are not [yet] done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure: {11} Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken [it], I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed [it], I will also do it.


The New Testament echoes this theme as well in Ephesians 1:11, In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:


We have already discussed Sihon and his people when we were investigating verse 20, so we can proceed to the next two expressions…


Into The Hand [yad:H3027] Of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]


The two words into the hand and of Israel have frequently surfaced throughout the book of Judges, in which Israel was either victorious over their enemies, or when they sinned, God allowed them to be subjugated by their enemies. In light of this, I will only mention two verses describing each of these two opposing scenarios:


Numbers 21:2 state: And Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand [yad:H3027] then I will utterly destroy their cities.


Judges 6:1 maintains: And the children of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand [yad:H3027] of Midian seven years.


 Smote [naka:H5221]


Earlier in our study we ran across this word smote or naka in the parallel passage in Deuteronomy 2:33, in which it is rendered as and we smote:


And the LORD our God delivered him before us; and we smote [naka:H5221] him, and his sons, and all his people.




So Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] Possessed [yaras:H3423] All The Land ['erets:776]


The next three words in the phrase…so Israel possessed all the land…emerge in 13 other Scriptures, but I’m just going to mention one that is very significant, and also quite lengthy, which is verse 7 of 2 Chronicles 20:1-30, and points to our present “day” of judgment, in which God’s people are not to fight, but  to praise and worship God for the victory He has already secured for them:


It came to pass after this also, [that] the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them [other] beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle. {2} Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they [be] in Hazazontamar, which [is] Engedi. {3} And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. {4} And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask [help] of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD. {5} And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court, {6} And said, O LORD God of our fathers, [art] not thou God in heaven? and rulest [not] thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand [is there not] power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee? {7} [Art] not thou our God, [who] didst drive out [yaras:H3423] the inhabitants of this land ['erets:776] before thy people Israel [Yisra’el:H3478], and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever? {8} And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying, {9} If, [when] evil cometh upon us, [as] the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name [is] in this house,) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. {10} And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not; {11} Behold, [I say, how] they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit. {12} O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes [are] upon thee. {13} And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children. {14} Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation; {15} And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle [is] not yours, but God's. {16} To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel. {17} Ye shall not [need] to fight in this [battle]: set yourselves, stand ye [still], and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD [will be] with you. {18} And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with [his] face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD. {19} And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high. {20} And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. {21} And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever. {22} And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten. {23} For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy [them]: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another. {24} And when Judah came toward the watch tower in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they [were] dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. {25} And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much. {26} And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day. {27} Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies. {28} And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of the LORD. {29} And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of [those] countries, when they had heard that the LORD fought against the enemies of Israel. {30} So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about.


This will conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will finish verse 21, and proceed to verse 22.

Judges 11 - Part 17

 December 10, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 17 and today’s date is December 10, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:24-28,


Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess. {25} And now [art] thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them, {26} While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that [be] along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? why therefore did ye not recover [them] within that time? {27} Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon. {28} Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.


In our previous study we left off at the last three words of verse 21…the inhabitants of that country. However, upon closer examination I realized that we had already discussed these words in one of our earlier lessons at the beginning of this chapter, so let’s continue on to verse 22, which states: 


And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan.


And They Possessed [yarash:H3423] & Coasts [g@buwl:H1366] [ghe-vool]


We find the first two expressions, And they possessed or yarash and coasts or g@buwl in four other places:


You will recognize Numbers 21:24 as it has cropped up frequently in this chapter as it contains much of the historical data that we find in Judges 11, as Jephthah refers to what happened historically in his rebuttal to the king of Ammon; these words are translated as and possessed along with the border with respect to the Amorites: 


And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed [yarash:H3423]  his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border [g@buwl:H1366] of the children of Ammon [was] strong.


Exodus 34 is a chapter in which God has Moses carve out another set of tablets (like the first one that he broke) and in this chapter Moses spends 40 days and 40 nights with God who told him what to write down, so there are a number of commands that God lays down in this chapter, and one of them is in verse 24, in which these terms are rendered as, I will cast out and thy borders. This anticipates the conquest of the Promised Land, which typifies the Gospel going in to plunder Satan’s kingdom during that very long, long “day” of salvation:   


For I will cast out [yarash:H3423] the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders [g@buwl:H1366]: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year.


In Deuteronomy 19:14 these terms are expressed as landmark and thee to possess in this very important prohibition that God sets forth:


Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark [g@buwl:H1366], which they of old time have set [gabal:H1379] in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess [yarash:H3423] it.


By the way, the verb form for landmark also appears in this verse as have set or gabal.  Spiritually, this relates to the believers’ inheritance as the following New Testament passages clarify:


1 Peter 1:3-5 teaches: Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, {4} To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, {5} Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.


That glorious spiritual inheritance is predicated on Christ’s Work and Faith in the atonement at…the foundation of the world, as Hebrews 9:15-17 stipulates,


And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. {16} For where a testament [is], there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. {17} For a testament [is] of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.


The last entry is in verse 47 of Joshua 19:40-48 that records the unusual account of Dan’s border apparently needing to be enlarged (which I don’t understand spiritually) in which these words are included in verse 47 as and the coast along with and possessed:


[And] the seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families. {41} And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh, {42} And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah, {43} And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron, {44} And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath, {45} And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon, {46} And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho. {47} And the coast [g@buwl:H1366] of the children of Dan went out [too little] for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed [yarash:H3423] it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father. {48} This [is] the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.



The words in the latter part of verse 22, …from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan…as well as all of verse 23 we have already addressed, so let’s proceed to verse 24,


Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess.


After setting the record straight with the king of Ammon that Jehovah God had given Israel the lands which He did, Jephthah makes the point that surely their god Chemosh will give them what he allows them to possess. Once again this word, possess, which we have encountered so often in this chapter, emerges three times in this verse.


Chemosh [K@mowsh:H3645] Thy God [’elohiym:H430]


These two terms, Chemosh and thy God or ’elohiym, are only found together again in 1 Kings 11:33, 


Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess [’elohiym:H430] of the Zidonians, Chemosh [K@mowsh:H3645]  the god [’elohiym:H430] of the Moabites, and Milcom the god [’elohiym:H430] of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do [that which is] right in mine eyes, and [to keep] my statutes and my judgments, as [did] David his father.


This verse is anticipating the dividing of the monarchy into the two tribes in the south, and the ten tribes in the north that God orchestrated, as a result of Solomon’s sin of going after other gods in his old age, as we read in the first part of 1 Kings 11:1-13,


But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, [and] Hittites; {2} Of the nations [concerning] which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: [for] surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. {3} And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. {4} For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, [that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father. {5} For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. {6} And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as [did] David his father. {7} Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that [is] before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. {8} And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods. {9} And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, {10} And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. {11} Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. {12} Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: [but] I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. {13} Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; [but] will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen.


Since we have already considered all the other words in verse 24 previously, we can turn to verse 25 which declares,


And now [art] thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them,


Any Thing Better [towb:H2896] Than Balak [Balaq:H1111]


After acknowledging that Israel would possess all the lands that Jehovah their God would give Israel, Jephthah begins to compare the king of Ammon to Balak, the king of Moab. These two expressions only emerge together again in Numbers 24:13, in which these terms are rendered Balak and good:


If Balak [Balaq:H1111] would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the commandment of the LORD, to do [either] good [towb:H2896] or bad of mine own mind; [but] what the LORD saith, that will I speak?  


Balak [Balaq:H1111]  Stems From The Verb Balaq [H1110] 


Balak’s name signifies “waster” or “devastator” and stems from the identically spelled verb form (except for the vowel pointings) and only surfaces in two important citations that have to do with judgment:


Make Waste [balaq:H1110]


Isaiah 24 is a chapter that deals with our present “day” of judgment exclusively, and in verse one God sets the tone for what follows, in which this expression is rendered and maketh it waste:  


Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste [balaq:H1110], and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.


Nahum 2:10 reveals God’s judgment against Assyria that He used to bring judgment against the ten northern tribes or Samaria in 709 BC for her spiritual apostasy (even as He did the same to the two tribes in the southern kingdom of Judah in 609 BC by the Babylonians); this word is translated and waste: 


She is empty, and void, and waste [balaq:H1110]: and the heart melteth, and the knees smite together, and much pain [is] in all loins, and the faces of them all gather blackness.


The Son [ben:H1121] Of  Zippor [Tsippowr:H6834] King [melek:H4428] Of Moab [Mow`ab:H4124]


The next phrase in verse 25 is…the son of Zippor, king of Moab…which consists of four terms and these are only found together in the these next references:


Verse 4 of Numbers 22:1-6 contain these four words: And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab on this side Jordan [by] Jericho. {2} And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. {3} And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they [were] many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel. {4} And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son  [ben:H1121] of Zippor [Tsippowr:H6834] [was] king [melek:H4428] of the Moabites [Mow`ab:H4124] at that time. {5} He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which [is] by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me: {6} Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they [are] too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, [that] we may smite them, and [that] I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest [is] blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.


In verse 10 of Numbers 22:9-12 these are rendered as …the son of Zippor, king of Moab… 


And God came unto Balaam, and said, What men [are] these with thee? 10 And Balaam said unto God, Balak the son [ben:H1121] of Zippor [Tsippowr:H6834], king [melek:H4428] of Moab , hath sent unto me, [saying], {11} Behold, [there is] a people come out of Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth: come now, curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to overcome them, and drive them out. {12} And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they [are] blessed.


Jephthah then poses the question to the king of Ammon regarding Balak, king of Moab: …did he ever strive against Israel or did he ever fight…


Did He Ever [riyb:H3738] Strive [riyb:H3738] Against Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]


In this phrase the terms, did he ever and strive are identical for emphasis. We have already seen the word for fight numerous times in this chapter, so I won’t repeat that information. The  two expressions, did he ever strive and against Israel arise together again in only one other notice, which is verse 13 of Numbers 20:1-13, which is an incident that occurred at the waters of Meribah (signifying strife or contention) when the Israelites complained (as they did frequently) during their wilderness sojourn; these words are expressed as of Israel and strove: 


Then came the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there. {2} And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron. {3} And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD! {4} And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there? {5} And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it [is] no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither [is] there any water to drink. {6} And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them. {7} And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {8} Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink. {9} And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him. {10} And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? {11} And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts [also]. {12} And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them. {13} This [is] the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them.


It looks like we will have to stop here as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will examine verses 26 and 27.

 Judges 11 - Part 18

   December 13, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 18 and today’s date is December 13, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:24-28,


Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess. {25} And now [art] thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them, {26} While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that [be] along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? why therefore did ye not recover [them] within that time? {27} Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon. {28} Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.


Today we want to begin by looking at verse 26, as Jephthah continues his rebuttal to the king of Ammon.


While Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] Dwelt [yashab:H3427] In Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809] 


The first phrase, While Israel dwelt in Heshbon… is made up of three terms that are only found together in two other Scriptures:


Verse 25 of Numbers 21:23-32 includes these three words: 


And Sihon would not suffer Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]  to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel. [Yisra’el:H3478]  {24} And Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]  smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon [was] strong. {25} And Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]  took all these cities: and Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]  dwelt [yashab:H3427] in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809], and in all the villages thereof. {26} For Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809] [was] the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon. {27} Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809], let the city of Sihon be built and prepared: {28} For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809], a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, [and] the lords of the high places of Arnon. {29} Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites. {30} We have shot at them; Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809]  is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which [reacheth] unto Medeba. {31} Thus [yashab:H3427] Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] dwelt [yashab:H3427] in the land of the Amorites. {32} And Moses sent to spy out Jaazer, and they took the villages thereof, and drove out the Amorites that [were] there.


And verse 46 of Deuteronomy 4:43-47 similarly states: And this [is] the law which Moses set before the children of Israel: {45} These [are] the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which Moses spake unto the children of Israel, after they came forth out of Egypt, {46} On this side Jordan, in the valley over against Bethpeor, in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt [yashab:H3427] at Heshbon [Cheshbown’:H2809], whom Moses and the children of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]  smote, after they were come forth out of Egypt: {47} And they possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites, which [were] on this side Jordan toward the sunrising;


Since Aroer and her towns only appear together in Judges 11:26, we need to consider them individually.



Aroer [`Arow`er:H6177] 


We read this concerning Aroer in Joshua 12:2, Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, [and] ruled from Aroer [`Arow`er:H6177], which [is] upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from the middle of the river, and from half Gilead, even unto the river Jabbok, [which is] the border of the children of Ammon;


Aroer is part of a “word-family” that includes the nuances of nakedness or being destitute, or a juniper (shrub or small tree) besides the name of the city itself from where Sihon, king of the Amorites, ruled. It surfaces in two other notable accounts:


We see in verse 2 of Isaiah 17:1-14, in which Aroer is spoken in connection to Damascus (in Syria) and in turn with Israel; I have not worked on this passage so I will not be able to comment on what is taking place here spiritually: 


The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from [being] a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap. {2} The cities of Aroer [`Arow`er:H6177] [are] forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make [them] afraid. {3} The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts. {4} And in that day it shall come to pass, [that] the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean. {5} And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim. {6} Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two [or] three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four [or] five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel. {7} At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel. {8} And he shall not look to the altars, the work of his hands, neither shall respect [that] which his fingers have made, either the groves, or the images. {9} In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of Israel: and there shall be desolation. {10} Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips: {11} In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: [but] the harvest [shall be] a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow. {12} Woe to the multitude of many people, [which] make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, [that] make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters! {13} The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind. {14} And behold at eveningtide trouble; [and] before the morning he [is] not. This [is] the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.


The other account is in verse 19 of Jeremiah 48:1-47; one of the related words to Aroer is the term that is translated like the heath in verse 6 which Jay P. Green renders as like a naked thing in his Interlinear Bible as well as in the Literal Version of the Bible (LITV) or KJ3. In this chapter we see God’s judgment on Moab as He did with the Amorites, and as we shall see with the king of Ammon shortly. The statement that Jephthah makes to the king of Ammon in Judges 11:24 is worth repeating:


Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess. 


Jeremiah 48:1-47 recounts God’s judgment against Moab, who typifies God's judgment beginning at His own house (the end-time churches and denominations worldwide, and without exception) first:  


Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded [and] taken: Misgab is confounded and dismayed. {2} [There shall be] no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon they have devised evil against it; come, and let us cut it off from [being] a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O Madmen; the sword shall pursue thee. {3} A voice of crying [shall be] from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction. {4} Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard. {5} For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up; for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction. {6} Flee, save your lives, and be like the heath (or like a naked thing) [`arow`er:H6176] in the wilderness. {7} For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity [with] his priests and his princes together. {8} And the spoiler shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape: the valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the LORD hath spoken. {9} Give wings unto Moab, that it may flee and get away: for the cities thereof shall be desolate, without any to dwell therein. {10} Cursed [be] he that doeth the work of the LORD deceitfully, and cursed [be] he that keepeth back his sword from blood. {11} Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent is not changed. {12} Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will send unto him wanderers, that shall cause him to wander, and shall empty his vessels, and break their bottles. {13} And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel their confidence. {14} How say ye, We [are] mighty and strong men for the war? {15} Moab is spoiled, and gone up [out of] her cities, and his chosen young men are gone down to the slaughter, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts. {16} The calamity of Moab [is] near to come, and his affliction hasteth fast. {17} All ye that are about him, bemoan him; and all ye that know his name, say, How is the strong staff broken, [and] the beautiful rod! {18} Thou daughter that dost inhabit Dibon, come down from [thy] glory, and sit in thirst; for the spoiler of Moab shall come upon thee, [and] he shall destroy thy strong holds. {19} O inhabitant of Aroer [`Arow`er:H6177], stand by the way, and espy; ask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth, [and] say, What is done? {20} Moab is confounded; for it is broken down: howl and cry; tell ye it in Arnon, that Moab is spoiled, {21} And judgment is come upon the plain country; upon Holon, and upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath, {22} And upon Dibon, and upon Nebo, and upon Bethdiblathaim, {23} And upon Kiriathaim, and upon Bethgamul, and upon Bethmeon, {24} And upon Kerioth, and upon Bozrah, and upon all the cities of the land of Moab, far or near. {25} The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD. {26} Make ye him drunken: for he magnified [himself] against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision. {27} For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found among thieves? for since thou spakest of him, thou skippedst for joy. {28} O ye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove [that] maketh her nest in the sides of the hole's mouth. {29} We have heard the pride of Moab, (he is exceeding proud) his loftiness, and his arrogancy, and his pride, and the haughtiness of his heart. {30} I know his wrath, saith the LORD; but [it shall] not [be] so; his lies shall not so effect [it]. {31} Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; [mine heart] shall mourn for the men of Kirheres. {32} O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the weeping of Jazer: thy plants are gone over the sea, they reach [even] to the sea of Jazer: the spoiler is fallen upon thy summer fruits and upon thy vintage. {33} And joy and gladness is taken from the plentiful field, and from the land of Moab; and I have caused wine to fail from the winepresses: none shall tread with shouting; [their] shouting [shall be] no shouting. {34} From the cry of Heshbon [even] unto Elealeh, [and even] unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar [even] unto Horonaim, [as] an heifer of three years old: for the waters also of Nimrim shall be desolate. {35} Moreover I will cause to cease in Moab, saith the LORD, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his gods. {36} Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kirheres: because the riches [that] he hath gotten are perished. {37} For every head [shall be] bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands [shall be] cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth. {38} [There shall be] lamentation generally upon all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof: for I have broken Moab like a vessel wherein [is] no pleasure, saith the LORD. {39} They shall howl, [saying], How is it broken down! how hath Moab turned the back with shame! so shall Moab be a derision and a dismaying to all them about him. {40} For thus saith the LORD; Behold, he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab. {41} Kerioth is taken, and the strong holds are surprised, and the mighty men's hearts in Moab at that day shall be as the heart of a woman in her pangs. {42} And Moab shall be destroyed from [being] a people, because he hath magnified [himself] against the LORD. {43} Fear, and the pit, and the snare, [shall be] upon thee, O inhabitant of Moab, saith the LORD. {44} He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for I will bring upon it, [even] upon Moab, the year of their visitation, saith the LORD. {45}  They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force: but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones. {46} Woe be unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh perisheth: for thy sons are taken captives, and thy daughters captives. {47} Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith the LORD. Thus far [is] the judgment of Moab.


Verses 43-44 are practically identical to what one reads in Isaiah 24:17-18 in which  that entire chapter is concerned with God judging this world (and in the process dividing Satan’s kingdom) during our present prolonged, “day” of judgment:


Fear, and the pit, and the snare, [are] upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth. {18} And it shall come to pass, [that] he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.


And Her Towns [bath:H1323]


The expression, and her towns or bath is a curious one, as it is by and large translated as daughters, and to a much lesser extent as towns and villages; it is also rendered in a number of completely different ways such as owl and apple of the eye as these next Scriptures illustrate. In the latter part of Judges 11 we will encounter Jephthah’s daughter in a number of verses and the intriguing spiritual parable that surrounds her and her father, Jephthah: 


Job 30:29 reveals: I am a brother to dragons, and a companion to owls. [bath:H1323]


Job 42:13 records the children that God had blessed Job and his wife with: He had also seven sons and three daughters. [bath:H1323]


Psalm 17:8 is a beautiful affirmation of God’s tender love for His elect people: Keep me as the apple of the eye [bath:H1323], hide me under the shadow of thy wings,


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue our investigation of verse 26.

  Judges 11 - Part 19

    December 15, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 19 and today’s date is December 15, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:24-28,


Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess. {25} And now [art] thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them, {26} While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that [be] along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? why therefore did ye not recover [them] within that time? {27} Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon. {28} Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.


We have arrived at the latter part of verse 26, and the terms, the cities and the coasts, which is predominantly translated as hand: These two words surface together in over 60 Scriptures; here are a few examples:


The Cities [`iyr:H5892] & The Coasts [yad:H3027]


1 Samuel 4:13 renders these as by the wayside and into the city, in this lengthy historical parable concerning God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside [yad:H3027] watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city [`iyr:H5892], and told [it], all the city cried out.


Esther 6:9 records the cringeworthy task that King Ahasuerus assigned to Haman the Agagite (a picture of Satan) as he had to humble himself before his enemy Mordecai the Jew (who exemplifies the Lord Jesus Christ) much to his chagrin: 

And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand [yad:H3027] of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man [withal] whom the king delighteth to honor, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city [`iyr:H5892], and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honor.


Jeremiah 32:28 and 36 also points to God’s judgment beginning at His own house first; Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city [`iyr:H5892] into the hand [yad:H3027] of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it: ... {36} And now therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say, It shall be delivered into the hand [yad:H3027] of the king of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence;


Three [shalowsh:H7969] Hundred [me’ah:H3967] Years [shaneh:H8141] 


The phrase three hundred years consists of three words, and is only found again in verse 22 of Genesis 5:21-24, 


And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah: {22} And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three [shalowsh:H7969]  hundred [me’ah:H3967] years [shaneh:H8141], and begat sons and daughters: {23} And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years: {24} And Enoch walked with God: and he [was] not; for God took him.


Enoch, along with Elijah, are the only ones who experienced the resurrection of their bodies without dying, and thus they represent the elect who are alive [and] remain on the earth during the very last day of this prolonged “day” of judgment as 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 details:


But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. {14} For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. {15} For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. {16} For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: {17} Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. {18} Wherefore comfort one another with these words.


Recover [natsal:H5337] & Time [`eth:H6256] 


The last two main terms in verse 26 are recover or natsal  and time or `eth, in which Jephthah poses yet another question to the king of Ammon regarding why he did not possess the land during the 300-year time frame; these expressions surface in the following three citations:


Nehemiah 9:28 renders these words as times and didst thou deliver: But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and many times [`eth:H6256] didst thou deliver [natsal:H5337] them according to thy mercies;


Psalm 31:15 includes these as My times and deliver: My times [`eth:H6256]   [are] in thy hand: deliver [natsal:H5337] me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them that persecute me.


Verse 9 of Hosea 2:1-23 expresses these words as in the time along with thereof and will recover, which is set against the backdrop of God’s judgment beginning at His own house first, but then transitions (starting in verse 14) to the salvation of God’s elect:


Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah. {2} Plead with your mother, plead: for she [is] not my wife, neither [am] I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts; {3} Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. {4} And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they [be] the children of whoredoms. {5} For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give [me] my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink. {6} Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths. {7} And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find [them]: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then [was it] better with me than now. {8} For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, [which] they prepared for Baal. {9} Therefore will I return, and take away my corn in the time [`eth:H6256]  thereof, and my wine in the season thereof, and will recover [natsal:H5337] my wool and my flax [given] to cover her nakedness. {10} And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand. {11} I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. {12} And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These [are] my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them. {13} And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forgat me, saith the LORD. {14} Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her. {15} And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt. {16} And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, [that] thou shalt call me Ishi; and shalt call me no more Baali. {17} For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name. {18} And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and [with] the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely. {19} And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies. {20} I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD. {21} And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; {22} And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel. {23} And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to [them which were] not my people, Thou [art] my people; and they shall say, [Thou art] my God.


This brings us to verse 27 which says:


Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon.


Sinned [chata’:H2398] & Doest [`asah:H6213] Me Wrong [ra`:H7451]


Jephthah confronts the king of Ammon with the allegation that he has not sinned against Ammon, but that Ammon is in the wrong. The three words, sinned or chata’, doest or `asah and me wrong or ra` emerge in 18 other passages, and we will examine some of them.


There are a number of verses like 2 Kings 21:16 that speak of the wicked kings of Israel as well as Judah; in this case Manasseh is is view: 


Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin [chata’:H2398], in doing [`asah:H6213] [that which was] evil [ra`:H7451] in the sight of the LORD.


Genesis 39:9 records Joseph’s words under divine inspiration to Potiphar’s wife: [There is] none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou [art] his wife: how then can I do [`asah:H6213] this great wickedness [ra`:H7451], and sin [chata’:H2398]  against God?


In Deuteronomy 9:18 Moses recounts the following incident: And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned [chata’:H2398], in doing [`asah:H6213] wickedly [ra`:H7451]

 in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.


Verse 4 of Psalm 51:1-19 records David’s sin of adultery and murder, and the consequences of those sins, as well as God’s forgiveness:


[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.] Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. {2} Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. {3} For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin [is] ever before me. {4} Against thee, thee only, have I sinned [chata’:H2398], and done [`asah:H6213] [this] evil [ra`:H7451] in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, [and] be clear when thou judgest. {5} Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. {6} Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden [part] thou shalt make me to know wisdom. {7} Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. {8} Make me to hear joy and gladness; [that] the bones [which] thou hast broken may rejoice. {9} Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. {10} Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. {11} Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. {12} Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me [with thy] free spirit. {13} [Then] will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee. {14} Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: [and] my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness. {15} O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise. {16} For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give [it]: thou delightest not in burnt offering. {17} The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. {18} Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. {19} Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.


Since we have already run across the term to war multiple times in this chapter I won't repeat that information. Instead let’s proceed to the next phrase, in which the word Judge is duplicated,


Against Me Jehovah [Y@hovah:H3068] The Judge [shaphat:H8199] Be Judge [shaphat:H8199] This Day [yowm:H3117]


Curiously these three terms are also found in Judges 2:18 which is the basis for the entire book of Judges as it alludes to the all familiar cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest that is characteristic of this book:


And when the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] raised them up judges [shaphat:H8199], then the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] was with the judge [shaphat:H8199], and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days [yowm:H3117] of the judge [shaphat:H8199]: for it repented the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.  


Verse 11 of 2 Samuel 7:1-17 includes these words in this chapter which speaks of David’s desire to build a house for LORD:


And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; {2} That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. {3} And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that [is] in thine heart; for the LORD [is] with thee. {4} And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying, {5} Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? {6} Whereas I have not dwelt in [any] house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle. {7} In all [the places] wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar? {8} Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: {9} And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great [men] that [are] in the earth. {10} Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, {11} And as since the time [yowm:H3117] that I commanded judges [shaphat:H8199] [to be] over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] telleth thee that he will make thee an house. {12} And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. {13} He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. {14} I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: {15} But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took [it] from Saul, whom I put away before thee. {16} And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever. {17} According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.


We have to conclude today’s study, but in our next lesson we will start our research in verse 28. 

 Judges 11 - Part 20

   December 22, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 20 and today’s date is December 22, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:24-28,


Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess. {25} And now [art] thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them, {26} While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that [be] along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? why therefore did ye not recover [them] within that time? {27} Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon. {28} Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.


Today I would like to start be addressing verse 28, beginning with the  phrase, …hearkened not unto the words… and we will consider the two main words, hearkened [shama`:H8085] and words [dabar:H1697], since we have already looked at the other words in the rest of this verse in our previous lessons.


Moreover, these two expressions are found throughout the Bible and they are critically important as the words of the Bible are indeed spirit and life as John 6:63 affirms:


It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words [rhema:G4487] that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit [pneuma:G4151], and [they] are life. [zoe:G2222]


However, unless one hearkens (i.e. obeys) the words of the Bible (which only an elect child of God is qualified to do) they fall on deaf ears, which is why Romans 10:17 was such a vital passage during that very long “day” of salvation:


So then faith [cometh] by hearing [akoe:G189], and hearing  [akoe:G189] by the word of God. 


To underscore the importance of this truth, Christ makes this announcement in John 8:30-32,


As he spake these words, many believed on him. {31} Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed; {32} And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.


Hearkened [shama`:H8085] & Words [dabar:H1697]


For this reason, today’s study will focus exclusively on these two terms. The subsequent Scriptures illustrate some of the ways in which God employs these two words together:


Verse 11 of Amos 8:11-12 include these expressions as of hearing and the words: Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing [shama`:H8085] the words [dabar:H1697] of the LORD: {12} And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the LORD, and shall not find [it].


Verse 12 of Deuteronomy 4:1-14 renders these as heard and of the words: 


Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do [them], that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers giveth you. {2} Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish [ought] from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you. {3} Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you. {4} But ye that did cleave unto the LORD your God [are] alive every one of you this day. {5} Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it. {6} Keep therefore and do [them]; for this [is] your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation [is] a wise and understanding people. {7} For what nation [is there so] great, who [hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for]? {8} And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day? {9} Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons; {10} [Specially] the day that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, Gather me the people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and [that] they may teach their children. {11} And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. {12} And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard [shama`:H8085] the voice of the words [dabar:H1697], but saw no similitude; only [ye heard] a voice.


Similarly, verse 12 of Deuteronomy 31:7-13 renders these words as they may hear and the words, as Moses gives his successor, Joshua, these charges: 


And Moses called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and of a good courage: for thou must go with this people unto the land which the LORD hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it. {8} And the LORD, he [it is] that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed. {9} And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel. {10} And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of [every] seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, {11} When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing. {12} Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that [is] within thy gates, that they may hear [shama`:H8085], and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words [dabar:H1697] of this law:


In Ezekiel 3:1-21 God inserts these two words in verses 6, 10 and 17. This chapter as well as a number of others emphasize the theme of warning the world of impending judgment which was the battle cry of God’s people during the last 17 years of the Great Tribulation, known as the Latter Rain: 


Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, eat that thou findest; eat this roll, and go speak unto the house of Israel. {2} So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat that roll. {3} And he said unto me, Son of man, cause thy belly to eat, and fill thy bowels with this roll that I give thee. Then did I eat [it]; and it was in my mouth as honey for sweetness. {4} And he said unto me, Son of man, go, get thee unto the house of Israel, and speak with my words unto them. {5} For thou [art] not sent to a people of a strange speech and of an hard language, [but] to the house of Israel; {6} Not to many people of a strange speech and of an hard language, whose words [dabar:H1697] thou canst not understand. Surely, had I sent thee to them, they would have hearkened [shama`:H8085] unto thee. {7} But the house of Israel will not hearken unto thee; for they will not hearken unto me: for all the house of Israel [are] impudent and hardhearted. {8} Behold, I have made thy face strong against their faces, and thy forehead strong against their foreheads. {9} As an adamant harder than flint have I made thy forehead: fear them not, neither be dismayed at their looks, though they [be] a rebellious house. {10} Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, all my words [dabar:H1697] that I shall speak unto thee receive in thine heart, and hear [shama`:H8085] with thine ears. {11} And go, get thee to them of the captivity, unto the children of thy people, and speak unto them, and tell them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear. {12} Then the spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, [saying], Blessed [be] the glory of the LORD from his place. {13} [I heard] also the noise of the wings of the living creatures that touched one another, and the noise of the wheels over against them, and a noise of a great rushing. {14} So the spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit; but the hand of the LORD was strong upon me. {15} Then I came to them of the captivity at Telabib, that dwelt by the river of Chebar, and I sat where they sat, and remained there astonished among them seven days. {16} And it came to pass at the end of seven days, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {17} Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel: therefore hear [shama`:H8085] the word [dabar:H1697] at my mouth, and give them warning from me. {18} When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; and thou givest him not warning, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way, to save his life; the same wicked [man] shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand. {19} Yet if thou warn the wicked, and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul. {20} Again, When a righteous [man] doth turn from his righteousness, and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock before him, he shall die: because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered; but his blood will I require at thine hand. {21} Nevertheless if thou warn the righteous [man], that the righteous sin not, and he doth not sin, he shall surely live, because he is warned; also thou hast delivered thy soul.


This same theme is reiterated in verse 4 of Ezekiel 37:1-4 and featured prominently in this vision that Ezekiel sees: 


The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which [was] full of bones, {2} And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, [there were] very many in the open valley; and, lo, [they were] very dry. {3} And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, thou knowest. {4} Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear [shama`:H8085] the word [dabar:H1697] of the LORD.


Here are some more illustrations of God’s usage of these two significant expressions:


Psalm 103:1-22 reveals: [A Psalm] of David.] Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name. {2} Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits: {3} Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases; {4} Who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies; {5} Who satisfieth thy mouth with good [things; so that] thy youth is renewed like the eagle's. {6} The LORD executeth righteousness and judgment for all that are oppressed. {7} He made known his ways unto Moses, his acts unto the children of Israel. {8} The LORD [is] merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy. {9} He will not always chide: neither will he keep [his anger] for ever. {10} He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our iniquities. {11} For as the heaven is high above the earth, [so] great is his mercy toward them that fear him. {12} As far as the east is from the west, [so] far hath he removed our transgressions from us. {13} Like as a father pitieth [his] children, [so] the LORD pitieth them that fear him. {14} For he knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we [are] dust. {15} [As for] man, his days [are] as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth. {16} For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more. {17} But the mercy of the LORD [is] from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children; {18} To such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments to do them. {19} The LORD hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all. {20} Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening [shama`:H8085]  unto the voice of his word. [dabar:H1697] {21} Bless ye the LORD, all [ye] his hosts; [ye] ministers of his, that do his pleasure. {22} Bless the LORD, all his works in all places of his dominion: bless the LORD, O my soul.


Ecclesiastes 12:13 outlines the sole duty of mankind, in which these words are translated as Let us hear and matter:

 

Let us hear [shama`:H8085] the conclusion of the whole matter [dabar:H1697]: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.


Jeremiah 11 is a chapter that deals with God’s judgment beginning at His own house first. I’ll read verse 1-17, in which our two expressions emerge in verses 2-3, 6, 8, and 10:


The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, {2} Hear [shama`:H8085] ye the words [dabar:H1697] of this covenant, and speak unto the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem; {3} And say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Cursed [be] the man that obeyeth [shama`:H8085] not the words [dabar:H1697] of this covenant, {4} Which I commanded your fathers in the day [that] I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, Obey my voice, and do them, according to all which I command you: so shall ye be my people, and I will be your God: {5} That I may perform the oath which I have sworn unto your fathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as [it is] this day. Then answered I, and said, So be it, O LORD. {6} Then the LORD said unto me, Proclaim all these words [dabar:H1697] in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, Hear [shama`:H8085] ye the words [dabar:H1697] of this covenant, and do them. {7} For I earnestly protested unto your fathers in the day [that] I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, [even] unto this day, rising early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice. {8} Yet they obeyed [shama`:H8085] not, nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the imagination of their evil heart: therefore I will bring upon them all the words [dabar:H1697] of this covenant, which I commanded [them] to do; but they did [them] not. {9} And the LORD said unto me, A conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem. {10} They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear [shama`:H8085] my words [dabar:H1697]; and they went after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers. {11} Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to escape; and though they shall cry unto me, I will not hearken unto them. {12} Then shall the cities of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem go, and cry unto the gods unto whom they offer incense: but they shall not save them at all in the time of their trouble. {13} For [according to] the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and [according to] the number of the streets of Jerusalem have ye set up altars to [that] shameful thing, [even] altars to burn incense unto Baal. {14} Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear [them] in the time that they cry unto me for their trouble. {15} What hath my beloved to do in mine house, [seeing] she hath wrought lewdness with many, and the holy flesh is passed from thee? when thou doest evil, then thou rejoicest. {16} The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, [and] of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken. {17} For the LORD of hosts, that planted thee, hath pronounced evil against thee, for the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke me to anger in offering incense unto Baal.


Lastly verse 9 of Nehemiah 8:1-12 contains these two words in this magnificent chapter which also speaks about the Bible’s methodology of comparing spiritual with spiritual (1 Corinthians 2:13) as expressed in verses 7-8: 


And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that [was] before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel. {2} And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month. {3} And he read therein before the street that [was] before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people [were attentive] unto the book of the law. {4} And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, [and] Meshullam. {5} And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people; (for he was above all the people;) and when he opened it, all the people stood up: {6} And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. And all the people answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands: and they bowed their heads, and worshipped the LORD with [their] faces to the ground. {7} Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people [stood] in their place. {8} So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading. {9} And Nehemiah, which [is] the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day [is] holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard [shama`:H8085] the words [dabar:H1697] of the law. {10} Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for [this] day [is] holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength. {11}  So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace, for the day [is] holy; neither be ye grieved. {12} And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them. 


Well, with that blessed thought in mind, we need to conclude today’s lesson. Lord willing, in our next study we will commence with verse 29.

 Judges 11 - Part 21

  December 24, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 21 and today’s date is December 24, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:29-33,


Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over [unto] the children of Ammon. {30} And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, {31} Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. {32} So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands. {33} And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.


In our examination of Judges 11 we have arrived at verse 29. Let’s begin by looking at the first phrase, Then the Spirit of Jehovah…which consists of two expressions that are highly significant as they refer to two Members of the Godhead. Both of these terms surface in over 100 citations, and for this reason I would like to devote today’s study to investigating some of these passages in our time together.


Then The Spirit [ruwach:H7307] [rue-ack] of Jehovah [Y@hovah:H3068]


Jehovah Is The Only Savior


Before considering some of the Scriptures that contain these two expressions it might be helpful to recall that Jehovah (or LORD in all caps) is the only Savior, as we learn from the following references:


Isaiah 43:11 unabashedly declares: I, [even] I, [am] the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068]; and beside me [there is] no saviour. [yasha`:H3467]


Isaiah 45:21 likewise announces, and please note the two additional Names for God: El and the plural form, ’Elohiym: 


Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068]? and [there is] no God [’El:H410] else beside me; a just God [’Ehohiym:H430] and a Saviour [yasha`:H3467]; [there is] none beside me.


Jesus Is The Only Savior


In the New Testament we find the same correlation between the Lord Jesus Christ  and the Savior as the subsequent passages maintain:


Acts 13:23 reveals: Of this man's seed hath God according to [his] promise raised unto Israel a Saviour [soter:G4990], Jesus: [Iesous:G2424 - from the Hebrew Jehoshua (H3091)] 



And Titus 2:13 adds: Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour [soter:G4990] Jesus Christ; [Iesous:G2424 from the Hebrew Jehoshua (H3091)]


Jehovah Is The Lord Jesus Christ - the Only Savior


Based on the foregoing Scriptures (and many, many others)  we can safely conclude that since Jehovah is the only Savior, and Jesus is the only Savior, that Jehovah is the Lord Jesus Christ - the Only Savior.


There is also a unique citation in which the Hebrew Name (for Jesus) Jehoshua (or Joshua), appears in connection with the Name Saviour or yasha` in verse 6 of Joshua 10:1-14. In fact, the name Jehoshua (H3091) is a combination of  Jehovah (H3068) and Saviour (yasha`:H3467), and Joshua is a also a great type and figure of Christ. You might recall that the Gibeonites mentioned in the passage below typify God’s elect (as they are featured in the notable account found in Joshua 9:3-27) 


Joshua 10:1-14 states: Now it came to pass, when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them; {2} That they feared greatly, because Gibeon [was] a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it [was] greater than Ai, and all the men thereof [were] mighty. {3} Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, {4} Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel. {5} Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it. {6} And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua [Jehoshua:H3091] to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save [yasha`:H3467] us, and help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains are gathered together against us. {7} So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valour. {8} And the LORD said unto Joshua, Fear them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee. {9} Joshua therefore came unto them suddenly, [and] went up from Gilgal all night. {10} And the LORD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. {11} And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, [and] were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: [they were] more which died with hailstones than [they] whom the children of Israel slew with the sword. {12} Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. {13} And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. [Is] not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. {14} And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel.


With that introduction in mind, let’s proceed to look at some of the notices in which our two words, Then the Spirit or ruwach and of Jehovah are linked together, keeping in mind that the Spirit of Jehovah is the Spirit of Christ or the Holy Spirit, as we are reminded of in John 3:34-35, in which the Greek word for Spirit is pneuma (G4151):


For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit [pneuma:G4151] by measure [unto him]. {35} The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.  


Then The Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of Jehovah [Y@hovah:H3068]

 

With regard to Joshua we also read in Deuteronomy 34:9, And Joshua [Jehoshua:H3091]  the son of Nun was full of the spirit [ruwach:H7307] of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel hearkened unto him, and did as the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] commanded Moses.


We also discover these terms in verses 25 and 29 of Numbers 11:25-29, in which they are translated as LORD (Jehovah) and Spirit: 


And the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068]  came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit [ruwach:H7307] that [was] upon him, and gave [it] unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, [that], when the spirit [ruwach:H7307] rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease. {26} But there remained two [of the] men in the camp, the name of the one [was] Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they [were] of them that were written, but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp. {27} And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp. {28} And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, [one] of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them. {29} And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the LORD'S [Y@hovah:H3068]  people were prophets, [and] that the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] would put his spirit upon them! 


Verse 2 of Isaiah 11:1-5 includes these two terms in speaking of the Messiah in which Jehovah is repeated twice and spirit four times: 


And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: {2} And the spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] shall rest upon him, the spirit [ruwach:H7307] of wisdom and understanding, the spirit [ruwach:H7307] of counsel and might, the spirit [ruwach:H7307] of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068]; {3} And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: {4} But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. {5} And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.


Perhaps you remember that we have run across these two important expressions previously in the book of Judges in 3:10 and 6:34 with respect to Judge Othniel and Judge Gideon respectively:


And the Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.


But the Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.


Curiously we will continue to see God’s usage of these two expressions, but only as they appear in connection with Judge Samson in these next references:


Judges 13:25 says: And the Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.


Judges 14:6 and 19 also reveal: And the Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and [he had] nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done. ... {19} And the Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068]  came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.


Lastly Judges 15:14 records: [And] when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit [ruwach:H7307] of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] came mightily upon him, and the cords that [were] upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.


In the time we have remaining I would like for us to see some of the additional ways that God employs these two words together:


We find these in the opening chapters of the book of Genesis in Chapter 3, verse 8, in which they are translated as of Jehovah and in the cool; please note that God or the plural form for God or ’Elohiym emerges twice:  


And they heard the voice of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God ['Elohiym:H430] walking in the garden in the cool [ruwach:H7307] of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] God ['Elohiym:H430] amongst the trees of the garden.


Prior to bringing the worldwide flood, God inserts these words in verse 3 of Genesis 6:1-8, And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, {2} That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they [were] fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. {3} And the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] said, My spirit [ruwach:H7307] shall not always strive with man, for that he also [is] flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. {4} There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare [children] to them, the same [became] mighty men which [were] of old, men of renown. {5} And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually. {6} And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. {7} And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them. {8} But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.


In Psalm 33:6 one learns that God spoke His Creation into existence by the Word of the LORD or Jehovah and by the breath of His Mouth; in this case, Spirit is rendered by the breath and is intimately connected with God’s Mouth or Word:  


By the word of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath [ruwach:H7307] of his mouth. [peh:H6310]


Incidentally the Hebrew word for of his mouth in Psalm 33:6 is the letter-word PE (peh), which is the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and is found, for instance, in Psalm 119:131, as my mouth:


I opened my mouth [peh:H6310], and panted: for I longed for thy commandments.


Here are some more illustrations of these two expressions:


Isaiah 42:5 expresses these as the LORD along with it, and spirit:  Thus saith God the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068], he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit [ruwach:H7307] to them that walk therein:


Verses 1 and 3 of Isaiah 61:1-3 is a most wonderful passage that describes the mission of the Lord Jesus in the Atonement at the foundation of the world, and subsequently in the demonstration in 33 AD; these words are expressed as the Spirit and of the LORD or Jehovah. It is also quoted in Luke 4:18-19, 


The Spirit [ruwach:H7307]  of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068] hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; {2} To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; {3} To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit [ruwach:H7307] of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD [Y@hovah:H3068], that he might be glorified.


Why don’t we stop here for today. Lord willing, in our next study, we will continue our investigation of verse 29. May you and your family have a blessed Christmas and a Joyous New Year in Him!

 Judges 11 - Part 22

  December 27, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 22 and today’s date is December 27, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:29-33,


Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over [unto] the children of Ammon. {30} And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, {31} Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. {32} So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands. {33} And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.


Today we want to continue looking at verse 29, however there are only a few terms left that we have not already considered previously; these are Manasseh and Mizpeh, as Jephthah makes his way, under God’s divine leading, to fight with the children of Ammon. We want to remember that the children of Ammon, along with their brothers the Moabites, spiritually represent the churches and denominations that came under God’s wrath for their idolatry.


And Manasseh [M@nashsheh:H4719]


Manasseh  stems from the word nashah (H5382) and signifies to forget or deprive. Manasseh was Joseph’s firstborn son as we learn from Genesis 41:51, in which nashah also appears as the phrase, hath made me forget:


And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh [M@nashsheh:H4719]: For God, [said he], hath made me forget [nashah:H5382] all my toil, and all my father's house.


Deuteronomy 33 is a chapter in which Moses, prior to his death, blesses each of the tribes of Israel, and in this chapter the tribes would spiritually typify God’s elect. One of the longer blessings in this chapter (in verses 13-17) belongs to Joseph, and the two half tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim, his children; keep in mind that Joseph is a great portrait of the Lord Jesus Christ:


And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD [be] his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath, {14} And for the precious fruits [brought forth] by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon, {15} And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills, {16} And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and [for] the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let [the blessing] come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him [that was] separated from his brethren. {17} His glory [is like] the firstling of his bullock, and his horns [are like] the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they [are] the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they [are] the thousands of Manasseh.


You might be wondering why only thousands are attributed to Manasseh, (even though he was the firstborn), and ten thousands to Ephraim, who was born second. This principle of the second born receiving the blessing that was normally reserved for the firstborn is also seen in other places in the Bible. In the case of Manasseh and Ephraim, this is set forth in Genesis 48:1-20,


And it came to pass after these things, that [one] told Joseph, Behold, thy father [is] sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. {2} And [one] told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed. {3} And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, {4} And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee [for] an everlasting possession. {5} And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, [are] mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. {6} And thy issue, which thou begettest after them, shall be thine, [and] shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance. {7} And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when yet [there was] but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same [is] Bethlehem. {8} And Israel beheld Joseph's sons, and said, Who [are] these?{ {9} And Joseph said unto his father, They [are] my sons, whom God hath given me in this [place]. And he said, Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them. {10} Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, [so that] he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them. {11} And Israel said unto Joseph, I had not thought to see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy seed. {12} And Joseph brought them out from between his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth. {13} And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel's left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel's right hand, and brought [them] near unto him. {14} And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid [it] upon Ephraim's head, who [was] the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh [was] the firstborn. {15} And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day, {16} The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth. {17} And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head. {18} And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father: for this [is] the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head. {19} And his father refused, and said, I know [it], my son, I know [it]: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations. {20} And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.


In verse 19 it states that Ephraim’s seed…shall become a multitude of nations, which is a very significant prophecy, pointing ultimately to the Seed (with a capital “S”) as we read in Galatians 3:16, in which the word, seed or sperma (G4690) surfaces three times in this verse: 


Now to Abraham and his seed [sperma:G4690] were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds [sperma:G4690], as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed [sperma:G4690], which is Christ.


Moreover, Ephraim’s [’Efrayim:G669] name means “double fruitfulness” and is the plural form of ’Ephrathah (H672) which is another name for Bethlehem, or house of Bread, where the Messiah was born, and He (and all the elect in Him) is the essence of spiritual fruitfulness. 


Historically and in order to reach Ammon, Jephthah had to cross over Gilead (where he lived) Manasseh, and Mizpeh of Gilead. So let’s take a closer look at Mizpeh, which we have not discussed in this chapter.


Mizpeh [Mitspeh:H4708]


Mizpeh is identically spelled to mitspeh ( H4707) (including the vowel pointings), which stands for watchtower. It is only found in the following two noteworthy accounts:


It appears in verse 8 of Isaiah 21:1-10 as the watchtower in this description of the fall of Babylon, or Satan’s kingdom which is being currently divided by God as He is ruling the earth with a rod of iron (according to Revelation 19:15): 


The burden of the desert of the sea. As whirlwinds in the south pass through; [so] it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land. {2} A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease. {3} Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing [of it]; I was dismayed at the seeing [of it]. {4} My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me. {5} Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, [and] anoint the shield. {6} For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth. {7} And he saw a chariot [with] a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, [and] a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed: {8} And he cried, A lion: My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower [mitspeh:H4707] in the daytime, and I am set in my ward whole nights: {9} And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, [with] a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground. {10} O my threshing, and the corn of my floor: that which I have heard of the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared unto you. 


The other chapter is which the term watchtower is in view,  is in verse 24 of 2 Chronicles 20:1-30, that recounts the  “the battle of Jehoshaphat,” which is being waged spiritually in our day:


It came to pass after this also, [that] the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them [other] beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle. {2} Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they [be] in Hazazontamar, which [is] Engedi. {3} And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. {4} And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask [help] of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD. {5} And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court, {6} And said, O LORD God of our fathers, [art] not thou God in heaven? and rulest [not] thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand [is there not] power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee? {7} [Art] not thou our God, [who] didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever? {8} And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying, {9} If, [when] evil cometh upon us, [as] the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name [is] in this house,) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. {10} And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not; {11} Behold, [I say, how] they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit. {12} O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes [are] upon thee. {13} And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children. {14} Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation; {15} And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle [is] not yours, but God's. {16} To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel. {17} Ye shall not [need] to fight in this [battle]: set yourselves, stand ye [still], and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD [will be] with you. {18} And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with [his] face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD. {19} And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high. {20} And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. {21} And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever. {22} And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten. {23} For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy [them]: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another. {24} And when Judah came toward the watch tower [mitspeh:H4707] in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they [were] dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. {25} And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much. {26} And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day. {27} Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies. {28} And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of the LORD. {29} And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of [those] countries, when they had heard that the LORD fought against the enemies of Israel. {30} So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about. 


This brings us to verse 30 which maintains: And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,


This is an important junction in this chapter as we discover that Jephthah vowed [nadar:H5087] a vow [nader:H5088] to Jehovah regarding victory over the Ammonites in the upcoming battle.


Vowed [nadar:H5087] A Vow [nader:H5088]  

The Hebrew noun, a vow, stems from the verb form, vowed, as is the case so often in Hebrew, since it is a verbal language. These two words appear in 18 other citations, and we will consider some of them:


Two of these passages reflect the importance for keeping a vow; these are Deuteronomy 23:21 and Ecclesiastes 5:4 respectively:


Deuteronomy 23:21 insists: When thou shalt vow [nadar:H5087] a vow [nader:H5088] unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee.


Likewise Ecclesiastes 5:4 acknowledges: When thou vowest [nadar:H5087]  a vow [nader:H5088] unto God, defer not to pay it; for [he hath] no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed.


Here are a few more illustrations of vowing a vow:


Genesis 31:13 records what God told Jacob concerning his vow: I [am] the God of Bethel, where thou anointedst the pillar, [and] where thou vowedst [nadar:H5087]  a vow [nader:H5088] unto me: now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred.


In Numbers 21:2, we find the nation making this vow: And Israel vowed [nadar:H5087] a vow [nader:H5088] unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.


Lastly in 1 Samuel 1:11 we learn of Hannah’s vow to Jehovah: And she vowed [nadar:H5087]  a vow [nader:H5088], and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.


We need to conclude today’s study as we have run out of time. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will continue our examination of verse 30.

 Judges 11 - Part 23

  December 29, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 11 - Part 23 and today’s date is December 29, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 11:29-33,


Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over [unto] the children of Ammon. {30} And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands, {31} Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering. {32} So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and the LORD delivered them into his hands. {33} And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, [even] twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.


In our last study we began our investigation of verse 30 and the vow which Jephthah vowed to Jehovah that if He would grant him victory over the Ammonites that whatever would come out of the door of his home to meet him he would offer it up as a burnt offering. As it turns out, we have already considered the rest of the words in verse 30, so let’s proceed to verse 31. But before we do that I do want to point out that the words shall without fail and deliver in verse 30 are the identical term, nathan (H5414), which God is doubling to draw attention to it. This takes on added significance when one realizes that the expression, that whatsoever and cometh forth is also the same word, or yatsa’ (H3318) which is also doubled for emphasis:


Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD'S, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.


However, before looking more closely at verse 31, I would like to take a small detour to consider Jephthah’s name in more detail as it relates to the historical parable that is developing in verses 34-40.


Jephthah [Yiphtach:H3316]


I mentioned in Part 1 of this chapter that Jephthah’s name signifies, “He opens,” and is derived from the verb, patah (H6605) . In fact the only difference (besides the vowel pointings) in these two terms is the added letter, yod  [יִ ] (the 10th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, which looks similar to our apostrophe in English), at the beginning of Jephtha’s name, giving it a “Y” sound because Hebrew has no “J” sound as we do in English.  The following citations illustrate how God employs this term patah (H6605), which is predominantly translated as open, and to a lesser extent as loose, grave, wide, engrave, put off, out, appear, drawn, break forth, set forth, and in four other miscellaneous ways, so you can see that it is an expression that is “pregnant” with many different shades of meaning. 


Open [patah:H6605]


We encountered this term in some of the earlier chapters in the book of Judges, namely Judges 3:25 and 4:19 in which is is rendered as he opened along with and she opened respectively:


Judges 3:25 records the death of Eglon, the king of Moab by Judge Ehud: And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened  [patah:H6605]  not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened [them]: and, behold, their lord [was] fallen down dead on the earth.


And in Judges 4:19 Jael (who pictures the elect) opens a bottle of milk (representing the Word of God) which brings about the death of Sisera (who typifies Satan), which symbolizes one of the edges of the twoedged sword  (Hebrews 4:12) which God used to bring condemnation: 

And he said unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty. And she opened [patah:H6605] a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, and covered him.


Genesis 7:11 renders this term as were opened, referring to…the windows of heaven:  In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. [patah:H6605]  


And in 2 Chronicles 3:7 it is expressed as and graved with respect to Solomon’s Temple:  He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and graved [patah:H6605] cherubims on the walls.


Psalm 78 is a historical parable that is recounting the history of Israel, and in verse 2 we read: I will open [patah:H6605] my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:


In Psalm 102:20, however, this word  appears as to loose which is a reference to God’s salvation program: To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose [patah:H6605] those that are appointed to death;


Salvation is also in view in Isaiah 35:5, in which this expression appears as shall be unstopped:  Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. [patah:H6605] 


Curiously, in Ezekiel 21:28 the Ammonites are also featured, in which this is rendered as [is] drawn, in this portrayal of God’s judgment: 


And thou, son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD concerning the Ammonites, and concerning their reproach; even say thou, The sword, the sword [is] drawn [patah:H6605]: for the slaughter [it is] furbished, to consume because of the glittering:



Lastly, in the admonition of Amos 8:5, this is expressed as that we may set forth:  Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth [patah:H6605] wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?


We want to bear in mind that the foregoing Scriptures are related to Jephthah’s name (signifying “He opens”) as this will relate to the historical parable concerning the sacrifice of his only child (yachiyd:H3173). This same word is used in Genesis 22:2 regarding the similar sacrifice of Isaac, and points spiritually to the Lord Jesus as the only-begotten [monogenes:G3439] indicating spiritually that He is the  firstborn from the dead or firstbegotten from the dead,  but I’m getting ahead of myself, so let’s return to Judges 11:31, and the first phrase of Jephthah's vow: 


 That Whatsoever [yatsa’:H3318] Cometh Forth [yatsa’:H3318] Of The Doors [deleth:H1817] Of My House [bayith:H1004] 


These three words only surface together again in two other crucial Scriptures that also relate to God’s retribution:


The first one involves the mutual oath that the two spies made with Rahab the harlot concerning the salvation of her family members provided they stayed within the confines of her house or they would perish, which was on the city wall of Jericho in verse 19 of Joshua 2:1-24, 


And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. {2} And it was told the king of Jericho, saying, Behold, there came men in hither to night of the children of Israel to search out the country. {3} And the king of Jericho sent unto Rahab, saying, Bring forth the men that are come to thee, which are entered into thine house: for they be come to search out all the country. {4} And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they [were]: {5} And it came to pass [about the time] of shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went I wot not: pursue after them quickly; for ye shall overtake them. {6} But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof. {7} And the men pursued after them the way to Jordan unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued after them were gone out, they shut the gate. {8} And before they were laid down, she came up unto them upon the roof; {9} And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you. {10} For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that [were] on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed. {11} And as soon as we had heard [these things], our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he [is] God in heaven above, and in earth beneath. {12} Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father's house, and give me a true token: {13} And [that] ye will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brethren, and my sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our lives from death. {14} And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if ye utter not this our business. And it shall be, when the LORD hath given us the land, that we will deal kindly and truly with thee. {15} Then she let them down by a cord through the window: for her house [was] upon the town wall, and she dwelt upon the wall. {16] And she said unto them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers meet you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers be returned: and afterward may ye go your way. {17} And the men said unto her, We [will be] blameless of this thine oath which thou hast made us swear. {18] Behold, [when] we come into the land, thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which thou didst let us down by: and thou shalt bring thy father, and thy mother, and thy brethren, and all thy father's household, home unto thee. {19} And it shall be, [that] whosoever shall go out [yatsa’:H3318] of the doors [deleth:H1817] of thy house [bayith:H1004] into the street, his blood [shall be] upon his head, and we [will be] guiltless: and whosoever shall be with thee in the house, his blood [shall be] on our head, if [any] hand be upon him. {20} And if thou utter this our business, then we will be quit of thine oath which thou hast made us to swear. {21} And she said, According unto your words, so [be] it. And she sent them away, and they departed: and she bound the scarlet line in the window. {22} And they went, and came unto the mountain, and abode there three days, until the pursuers were returned: and the pursuers sought [them] throughout all the way, but found [them] not. {23} So the two men returned, and descended from the mountain, and passed over, and came to Joshua the son of Nun, and told him all [things] that befell them: {24} And they said unto Joshua, Truly the LORD hath delivered into our hands all the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do faint because of us.


These three terms also emerge in verses 22 and 27 of Judges 19:1-30 which is another historical parable pointing to God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: 


And it came to pass in those days, when [there was] no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah. {2} And his concubine played the whore against him, and went away from him unto her father's house to Bethlehemjudah, and was there four whole months. {3} And her husband arose, and went after her, to speak friendly unto her, [and] to bring her again, having his servant with him, and a couple of asses: and she brought him into her father's house: and when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to meet him. {4} And his father in law, the damsel's father, retained him; and he abode with him three days: so they did eat and drink, and lodged there. {5} And it came to pass on the fourth day, when they arose early in the morning, that he rose up to depart: and the damsel's father said unto his son in law, Comfort thine heart with a morsel of bread, and afterward go your way. {6} And they sat down, and did eat and drink both of them together: for the damsel's father had said unto the man, Be content, I pray thee, and tarry all night, and let thine heart be merry. {7} And when the man rose up to depart, his father in law urged him: therefore he lodged there again. {8} And he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart: and the damsel's father said, Comfort thine heart, I pray thee. And they tarried until afternoon, and they did eat both of them. {9} And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home. {10} But the man would not tarry that night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus, which [is] Jerusalem; and [there were] with him two asses saddled, his concubine also [was] with him. {11} [And] when they [were] by Jebus, the day was far spent; and the servant said unto his master, Come, I pray thee, and let us turn in into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge in it. {12} And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of a stranger, that [is] not of the children of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah. {13} And he said unto his servant, Come, and let us draw near to one of these places to lodge all night, in Gibeah, or in Ramah. {14} And they passed on and went their way; and the sun went down upon them [when they were] by Gibeah, which [belongeth] to Benjamin. {15} And they turned aside thither, to go in [and] to lodge in Gibeah: and when he went in, he sat him down in a street of the city: for [there was] no man that took them into his house to lodging. {16} And, behold, there came an old man from his work out of the field at even, which [was] also of mount Ephraim; and he sojourned in Gibeah: but the men of the place [were] Benjamites. {17} And when he had lifted up his eyes, he saw a wayfaring man in the street of the city: and the old man said, Whither goest thou? and whence comest thou? {18} And he said unto him, We [are] passing from Bethlehemjudah toward the side of mount Ephraim; from thence [am] I: and I went to Bethlehemjudah, but I [am now] going to the house of the LORD; and there [is] no man that receiveth me to house. {19} Yet there is both straw and provender for our asses; and there is bread and wine also for me, and for thy handmaid, and for the young man [which is] with thy servants: [there is] no want of any thing. {20} And the old man said, Peace [be] with thee; howsoever [let] all thy wants [lie] upon me; only lodge not in the street. {21} So he brought him into his house, and gave provender unto the asses: and they washed their feet, and did eat and drink. {22} [Now] as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house [bayith:H1004] round about, [and] beat at the door [deleth:H1817], and spake to the master of the house [bayith:H1004], the old man, saying, Bring forth [yatsa’:H3318] the man that came into thine house [bayith:H1004], that we may know him. {23} And the man, the master of the house, went out unto them, and said unto them, Nay, my brethren, [nay], I pray you, do not [so] wickedly; seeing that this man is come into mine house, do not this folly. {24} Behold, [here is] my daughter a maiden, and his concubine; them I will bring out now, and humble ye them, and do with them what seemeth good unto you: but unto this man do not so vile a thing. {25} But the men would not hearken to him: so the man took his concubine, and brought her forth unto them; and they knew her, and abused her all the night until the morning: and when the day began to spring, they let her go. {26} Then came the woman in the dawning of the day, and fell down at the door of the man's house where her lord [was], till it was light. {27} And her lord rose up in the morning, and opened the doors [deleth:H1817] of the house [bayith:H1004], and went out [yatsa’:H3318] to go his way: and, behold, the woman his concubine was fallen down [at] the door of the house [bayith:H1004], and her hands [were] upon the threshold. {28} And he said unto her, Up, and let us be going. But none answered. Then the man took her [up] upon an ass, and the man rose up, and gat him unto his place. {29} And when he was come into his house, he took a knife, and laid hold on his concubine, and divided her, [together] with her bones, into twelve pieces, and sent her into all the coasts of Israel. {30} And it was so, that all that saw it said, There was no such deed done nor seen from the day that the children of Israel came up out of the land of Egypt unto this day: consider of it, take advice, and speak [your minds].


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue our examination of the rest of Jephthah’s vow in verse 31, and its spiritual significance, by God’s grace.