Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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Judges 10 - Part 12

 June 25, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 12 and today’s date is June 25, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:7-9,


And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

{8} And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead. {9} Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.


In our previous study we left off at the last part of verse 8, beginning with the two terms, eighteen years. The expression eighteen is made up of two Hebrew words: eight or sh@moneh and ten or `asar; the word for years is shaneh.


Eighteen [sh@moneh:H8183] [`asar:6240] Years [shaneh:H8141]


These three expressions surface in 14 other citations and we will consider just one of them which we have actually encountered already in verse 14 of Judges 3:12-14, which is similar in context to Judges 10:8,


And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD. {13} And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees. {14} So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen [sh@moneh:H8183] [`asar:6240] years. [shaneh:H8141]


Eglon, the king of the Moabites is a type of Satan, which also reminds us of a New Testament passage that is associated with eighteen years in the Greek, found in verses 11 and 16 of Luke 13:10-17. In Greek three terms are utilized to represent eighteen: ten or deka, kai is the conjunction and, and eight is okto; the term years is etos:


And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. {11} And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen [deka:G1176] [kai:G2532] [okto:G3638] years [etos:G2094], and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up [herself]. {12} And when Jesus saw her, he called [her to him], and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. {13} And he laid [his] hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God. {14} And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. {15} The Lord then answered him, and said, [Thou] hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or [his] ass from the stall, and lead [him] away to watering? {16} And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen [deka:G1176] [kai:G2532] [okto:G3638] years [etos:G2094], be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day? {17} And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed: and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him.


[Were] On The Other Side [‘eber:H5676] Jordan [Yarden:H3383]


The next phrase in verse eight is …[were] on the other side Jordan, which is comprised of two Hebrew words that we have run across in some of our earlier lessons in Judges 5 and 7:  


Judges 5:17 renders these as beyond Jordan: Gilead abode beyond [‘eber:H5676] Jordan [Yarden:H3383]: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.


And Judges 7:25 translates them as on the other side Jordan: And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side [‘eber:H5676] Jordan. [Yarden:H3383] 

 

Verse 25 of Deuteronomy 3:23-28 records Moses’ request to the LORD: And I besought the LORD at that time, saying, {24} O Lord GOD, thou hast begun to shew thy servant thy greatness, and thy mighty hand: for what God [is there] in heaven or in earth, that can do according to thy works, and according to thy might? {25} I pray thee, let me go over, and see the good land that [is] beyond [‘eber:H5676] Jordan [Yarden:H3383], that goodly mountain, and Lebanon. {26} But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and the LORD said unto me, Let it suffice thee; speak no more unto me of this matter. {27} Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold [it] with thine eyes: for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. {28} But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.  


Verse 1 of Isaiah 9:1-7 expresses this as beyond Jordan, and is a prophecy pertaining to the salvation of the Gentiles during the “day” of salvation, and is also quoted in the New Testament: Nevertheless the dimness [shall] not [be] such as [was] in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict [her by] the way of the sea, beyond [‘eber:H5676] Jordan [Yarden:H3383], in Galilee of the nations. {2} The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. {3} Thou hast multiplied the nation, [and] not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, [and] as [men] rejoice when they divide the spoil. {4} For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. {5} For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire. {6} For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. {7} Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.


Isaiah 9:1-2 is also quoted in verses 15-16 of Matthew 4:13-22, affording us a very helpful “word-bridge” between the Old and New Testaments:


And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim: {14} That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, {15} The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, [by] the way of the sea, beyond [peran:G4008] Jordan [Iordanes:G2446], Galilee of the Gentiles; {16} The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up. {17} From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. {18} And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. {19} And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. {20} And they straightway left [their] nets, and followed him. {21} And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James [the son] of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them. {22} And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him.


In The Land [’erets:H776] Of The Amorites [’Emoriy:H567]


The next two words that we want to turn our attention to are ...in the land of the Amorites. These two terms appear together in 31 other references, and we will consider a few of them:


Verse 1 of Deuteronomy 7:1-11 informs is that the Amorites were one of seven heathen nations that inhabited the Promised Land; in this passage God issued a number of important commands that Israel was required to carry out once they arrived in their new homeland:


When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land [’erets:H776] whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites [’Emoriy:H567], and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; {2} And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, [and] utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: {3} Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. {4} For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly. {5} But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire. {6} For thou [art] an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that [are] upon the face of the earth. {7} The LORD did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye [were] the fewest of all people: {8} But because the LORD loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. {9} Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he [is] God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations; {10} And repayeth them that hate him to their face, to destroy them: he will not be slack to him that hateth him, he will repay him to his face. {11} Thou shalt therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command thee this day, to do them.


In verses  8 and 17 of Exodus 3:1-22 we discover the encounter between Moses and God speaking out of the burning bush. Keep in mind that this took place after God had worked in Moses’ life for the past 40 years (even as he did in the first 40 years of Moses’ life as he was being groomed to be a Pharaoh) as he was tending sheep in Midian, and now he was finally ready to be used of God in a very significant way for the last 40 years of his life, in shepherding 2 million Israelites in the desert:


Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, [even] to Horeb. {2} And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush [was] not consumed. {3} And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. {4} And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here [am] I. {5} And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest [is] holy ground. {6} Moreover he said, I [am] the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. {7} And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which [are] in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; {8} And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land [’erets:H776]  unto a good land [’erets:H776]  and a large, unto a land [’erets:H776]  flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites [’Emoriy:H567], and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. {9} Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. {10} Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt. {11} And Moses said unto God, Who [am] I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt? {12} And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this [shall be] a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain. {13} And Moses said unto God, Behold, [when] I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What [is] his name? what shall I say unto them? {14} And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. {15} And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this [is] my name for ever, and this [is] my memorial unto all generations. {16} Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and [seen] that which is done to you in Egypt: {17} And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land [’erets:H776] of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites [’Emoriy:H567], and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land [’erets:H776]  flowing with milk and honey. {18} And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God. {19} And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand. {20} And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go. {21} And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty: {22} But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put [them] upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.


There is an important parallel between what I just read and the beginning of the day of judgment that began on May 21, 2011, since all the true believers left Egypt (including Joseph’s bones, typifying those who have died in Christ) in the Exodus, even as the Body of Christ was completed by May 21, 2011.


Lord willing, in our next study we will proceed to verse 9 (since we have already discussed the term Gilead in our earlier lessons): Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.

Judges 10 - Part 13

 June 28, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 13 and today’s date is June 28, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:7-9,


And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

{8} And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead. {9} Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.


We have arrived at verse 9 in our ongoing study of Judges 10. Since we have already discussed the children of Ammon in an earlier study, let’s begin with the phrase, passed over Jordan to fight, which includes three Hebrew terms. Once again we see the repercussions that Israel experienced as a direct result of disobeying God’s Word, and serving heathen gods.


Passed Over [`abar:H5674] Jordan [Yarden:H3383] To Fight [lacham:H3898]


These three expressions surface together in the following three citations:


Verse 11 of Joshua 24:1-33 is a marvelous chapter in which Joshua rehearses the history of the nation and how God had blessed them ending with his own death.  What makes it even more compelling is the fact that he is a great type of the Lord Jesus Christ. This chapter is significant in that it also concludes the end of an era, and mentions two other key events as well, namely the transfer of Joseph’s bones to Shechem, and the death of Aaron’s son, Eleazar the High Priest: 


And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God. {2} And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, [even] Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods. {3} And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac. {4} And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt. {5} I sent Moses also and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt, according to that which I did among them: and afterward I brought you out. {6} And I brought your fathers out of Egypt: and ye came unto the sea; and the Egyptians pursued after your fathers with chariots and horsemen unto the Red sea. {7} And when they cried unto the LORD, he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea upon them, and covered them; and your eyes have seen what I have done in Egypt: and ye dwelt in the wilderness a long season. {8} And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, which dwelt on the other side Jordan; and they fought with you: and I gave them into your hand, that ye might possess their land; and I destroyed them from before you. {9} Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, arose and warred against Israel, and sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you: {10} But I would not hearken unto Balaam; therefore he blessed you still: so I delivered you out of his hand. {11} And ye went over  [`abar:H5674] Jordan [Yarden:H3383], and came unto Jericho: and the men of Jericho fought [lacham:H3898] against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand. {12} And I sent the hornet before you, which drave them out from before you, [even] the two kings of the Amorites; [but] not with thy sword, nor with thy bow. {13} And I have given you a land for which ye did not labour, and cities which ye built not, and ye dwell in them; of the vineyards and oliveyards which ye planted not do ye eat. {14} Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD. {15} And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that [were] on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD. {16} And the people answered and said, God forbid that we should forsake the LORD, to serve other gods; {17} For the LORD our God, he [it is] that brought us up and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and which did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein we went, and among all the people through whom we passed: {18} And the LORD drave out from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land: [therefore] will we also serve the LORD; for he [is] our God. {19} And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD: for he [is] an holy God; he [is] a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. {20} If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good. {21} And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; but we will serve the LORD. {22} And Joshua said unto the people, Ye [are] witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And they said, [We are] witnesses. {23} Now therefore put away, [said he], the strange gods which [are] among you, and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel. {24} And the people said unto Joshua, The LORD our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey. {25} So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem. {26} And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, and took a great stone, and set it up there under an oak, that [was] by the sanctuary of the LORD. {27} And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God. {28} So Joshua let the people depart, every man unto his inheritance. {29} And it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, [being] an hundred and ten years old. {30} And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathserah, which [is] in mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash. {31} And Israel served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that overlived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the LORD, that he had done for Israel. {32} And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. {33} And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill [that pertained to] Phinehas his son, which was given him in mount Ephraim.


Verse 17 of 2 Samuel 10:1-19 includes these three words. This chapter [along with its parallel chapter in 1 Chronicles 19 (and verse 17 as well)] records a number of battles that ensued when David sought to show kindness to king Nahash of Ammon who had recently died, because Nahash had shown kindness to David in the past. Now Hanun, Nahash’s son was king, and here is what happened in the historical context:


And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. {2} Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon. {3} And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David [rather] sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it? {4} Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, [even] to their buttocks, and sent them away. {5} When they told [it] unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and [then] return. {6} And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. {7} And when David heard of [it], he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. {8} And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, [were] by themselves in the field. {9} When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice [men] of Israel, and put [them] in array against the Syrians: {10} And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put [them] in array against the children of Ammon. {11} And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee. {12} Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good. {13} And Joab drew nigh, and the people that [were] with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him. {14} And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem. {15} And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together. {16} And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that [were] beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer [went] before them. {17} And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over [`abar:H5674] Jordan [Yarden:H3383], and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought [lacham:H3898] with him. {18} And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew [the men of] seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there. {19} And when all the kings [that were] servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more. 


Getting back to our verse in Judges 10:9 we learn that the children of Ammon came against three of Israel’s tribes - Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim. These three tribes emerge together in five other references:


Against Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063] Against Benjamin [Binyamiyn:H1144]...Of Ephraim [’Ephrayim:H669] 


In 1 Chronicles 9:3 one discovers that these tribes dwelt in Jerusalem:  And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063], and of the children of Benjamin [Binyamiyn:H1144], and of the children of Ephraim  [’Ephrayim:H669], and Manasseh;


Verses 8-9 of 2 Chronicles 15:1-19 contain the names of these three tribes in this account concerning good King Asa: 


And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded: {2} And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD [is] with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. {3} Now for a long season Israel [hath been] without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law. {4} But when they in their trouble did turn unto the LORD God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. {5} And in those times [there was] no peace to him that went out, nor to him that came in, but great vexations [were] upon all the inhabitants of the countries. {6} And nation was destroyed of nation, and city of city: for God did vex them with all adversity. {7} Be ye strong therefore, and let not your hands be weak: for your work shall be rewarded. {8} And when Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of Oded the prophet, he took courage, and put away the abominable idols out of all the land of Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063] and Benjamin [Binyamiyn:H1144], and out of the cities which he had taken from mount Ephraim [’Ephrayim:H669], and renewed the altar of the LORD, that [was] before the porch of the LORD. {9} And he gathered all Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063] and Benjamin [Binyamiyn:H1144], and the strangers with them out of Ephraim [’Ephrayim:H669] and Manasseh, and out of Simeon: for they fell to him out of Israel in abundance, when they saw that the LORD his God [was] with him. {10} So they gathered themselves together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. {11} And they offered unto the LORD the same time, of the spoil [which] they had brought, seven hundred oxen and seven thousand sheep. {12} And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul; {13} That whosoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. {14} And they sware unto the LORD with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with cornets. {15} And all Judah rejoiced at the oath: for they had sworn with all their heart, and sought him with their whole desire; and he was found of them: and the LORD gave them rest round about. {16} And also [concerning] Maachah the mother of Asa the king, he removed her from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove: and Asa cut down her idol, and stamped [it], and burnt [it] at the brook Kidron. {17} But the high places were not taken away out of Israel: nevertheless the heart of Asa was perfect all his days. {18} And he brought into the house of God the things that his father had dedicated, and that he himself had dedicated, silver, and gold, and vessels. {19} And there was no [more] war unto the five and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa.


Verse 1 of 2 Chronicles 31:1-21 includes these three tribes and speaks of the reforms that good King Hezekiah instituted: Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were present went out to the cities of Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063], and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063] and Benjamin [Binyamiyn:H1144], in Ephraim [’Ephrayim:H669]  also and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all. Then all the children of Israel returned, every man to his possession, into their own cities. {2} And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites after their courses, every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister, and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the tents of the LORD. {3} [He appointed] also the king's portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, [to wit], for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as [it is] written in the law of the LORD. {4} Moreover he commanded the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites, that they might be encouraged in the law of the LORD. {5} And as soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the firstfruits of corn, wine, and oil, and honey, and of all the increase of the field; and the tithe of all [things] brought they in abundantly. {6} And [concerning] the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto the LORD their God, and laid [them] by heaps. {7} In the third month they began to lay the foundation of the heaps, and finished [them] in the seventh month. {8} And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps, they blessed the LORD, and his people Israel. {9} Then Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. {10} And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, and said, Since [the people] began to bring the offerings into the house of the LORD, we have had enough to eat, and have left plenty: for the LORD hath blessed his people; and that which is left [is] this great store. {11} Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the LORD; and they prepared [them], {12} And brought in the offerings and the tithes and the dedicated [things] faithfully: over which Cononiah the Levite [was] ruler, and Shimei his brother [was] the next. {13} And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah, [were] overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother, at the commandment of Hezekiah the king, and Azariah the ruler of the house of God. {14} And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the porter toward the east, [was] over the freewill offerings of God, to distribute the oblations of the LORD, and the most holy things. {15} And next him [were] Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in [their] set office, to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great as to the small: {16} Beside their genealogy of males, from three years old and upward, [even] unto every one that entereth into the house of the LORD, his daily portion for their service in their charges according to their courses; {17} Both to the genealogy of the priests by the house of their fathers, and the Levites from twenty years old and upward, in their charges by their courses; {18} And to the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation: for in their set office they sanctified themselves in holiness: {19} Also of the sons of Aaron the priests, [which were] in the fields of the suburbs of their cities, in every several city, the men that were expressed by name, to give portions to all the males among the priests, and to all that were reckoned by genealogies among the Levites. {20} And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah, and wrought [that which was] good and right and truth before the LORD his God. {21} And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, and in the law, and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did [it] with all his heart, and prospered.


The last entry that incorporate these three tribes emerges in 2 Chronicles 34:9 which is another chapter that involves good King Josiah, and his many reforms, but because of time we won’t be able to read the entire chapter of how God used this wonderful king who started reigning when he was a mere 8 years old: 


And when they came to Hilkiah the high priest, they delivered the money that was brought into the house of God, which the Levites that kept the doors had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim [’Ephrayim:H669], and of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah [Y@huwdah:H3063]  and Benjamin [Binyamiyn:H1144]; and they returned to Jerusalem.


There is certainly quite a contrast in the foregoing chapters with the three good kings they feature and the blessings that resulted for the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim (and Manasseh) in comparison to God’s judgment against them - by means of the Philistines and Ammonites - for disobedience as we learn from Hebrews 10:9, which is why we will examine the phrase, ...Israel was sore disstressed, in our next study, Lord willing.

Judges 10 - Part 14

 June 30, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 14 and today’s date is June 30, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:7-10,


And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

{8} And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead. {9} Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed. {10} And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.


In our previous study we left off at the last three words in verse 9, ...so that Israel was sore distressed.  These three terms only surface together in this verse, so let’s consider the last two words, was sore and distressed, which appear together in the following three citations, which serve to gives us a better understanding of the tremendous stress that Israel experienced by rebelling against God’s Word, which is a great assist for any child of God to stay far away from sin in our own lives, knowing full well that it only leads to death and destruction, as James 1:14-15 acknowledge:


But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. {15} Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.


Was Sore [m@`od:H3966] Distressed [yatsar:H3334] 


You might recall that we ran across these two expressions in verse 15 of Judges 2:1-23, which is a pivotal chapter in the book of Judges as it introduces the reader to the all too familiar cycle of rebellion>oppression> deliverance>rest that permeates this Book: 


And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you. {2} And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my voice: why have ye done this? {3} Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be [as thorns] in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you. {4} And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice, and wept. {5} And they called the name of that place Bochim: and they sacrificed there unto the LORD. {6} And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land. {7} And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that he did for Israel. {8} And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, [being] an hundred and ten years old. {9} And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathheres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash. {10} And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel. {11} And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim: {12} And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that [were] round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger. {13} And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth. {14} And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies. {15} Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly [m@`od:H3966] distressed. [yatsar:H3334] {16} Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them. {17} And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; [but] they did not so. {18} And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them. {19} And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, [that] they returned, and corrupted [themselves] more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way. {20} And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; {21} I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died: {22} That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep [it], or not. {23} Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua. 


The next account is in verse 7 of Genesis 32:1-23,  in which these two terms are rendered  as was greatly along with and distressed leading up to the historical parable in Genesis 33:1-17 concerning the curious encounter between Jacob and Esau:  


And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. {2} And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim. {3} And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom. {4} And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now: {5} And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight. {6} And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him. {7} Then Jacob was greatly [m@`od:H3966] afraid and distressed [yatsar:H3334]: and he divided the people that [was] with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands; {8} And said, If Esau come to the one company, and smite it, then the other company which is left shall escape. {9} And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: {10} I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands. {11} Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, [and] the mother with the children. {12} And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude. {13} And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau his brother; {14} Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams, {15} Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty she asses, and ten foals. {16} And he delivered [them] into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove. {17} And he commanded the foremost, saying, When Esau my brother meeteth thee, and asketh thee, saying, Whose [art] thou? and whither goest thou? and whose [are] these before thee? {18} Then thou shalt say, [They be] thy servant Jacob's; it [is] a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, also he [is] behind us. {19} And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed the droves, saying, On this manner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him. {20} And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob [is] behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me. {21} So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company. {22} And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok. {23} And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had... {33:1} And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. {2} And he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost. {3} And he passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother. {4} And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept. {5} And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the children; and said, Who [are] those with thee? And he said, The children which God hath graciously given thy servant. {6} Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves. {7} And Leah also with her children came near, and bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and they bowed themselves. {8} And he said, What [meanest] thou by all this drove which I met? And he said, [These are] to find grace in the sight of my lord. {9} And Esau said, I have enough, my brother; keep that thou hast unto thyself. {10} And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as though I had seen the face of God, and thou wast pleased with me. {11} Take, I pray thee, my blessing that is brought to thee; because God hath dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough. And he urged him, and he took [it]. {12} And he said, Let us take our journey, and let us go, and I will go before thee. {13} And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children [are] tender, and the flocks and herds with young [are] with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die. {14} Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children be able to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir. {15} And Esau said, Let me now leave with thee [some] of the folk that [are] with me. And he said, What needeth it? let me find grace in the sight of my lord. {16} So Esau returned that day on his way unto Seir. {17} And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: therefore the name of the place is called Succoth.


The last example in which we discover these two words together is in verse 6 of 1 Samuel 30:1-25, And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; {2} And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way. {3} So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, [it was] burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives. {4} Then David and the people that [were] with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. {5} And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. {6} And David was greatly [m@`od:H3966] distressed [yatsar:H3334]; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself [chazak:H2388] in the LORD [J@hovah:H3068] his God. [’elohiym:H430] {7} And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. {8} And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake [them], and without fail recover [all]. {9} So David went, he and the six hundred men that [were] with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. {10} But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor. {11} And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; {12} And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk [any] water, three days and three nights. {13} And David said unto him, To whom [belongest] thou? and whence [art] thou? And he said, I [am] a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick. {14} We made an invasion [upon] the south of the Cherethites, and upon [the coast] which [belongeth] to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. {15} And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company. {16} And when he had brought him down, behold, [they were] spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. {17} And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. {18} And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. {19} And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any [thing] that they had taken to them: David recovered all. {20} And David took all the flocks and the herds, [which] they drave before those [other] cattle, and said, This [is] David's spoil. {21} And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that [were] with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them. {22} Then answered all the wicked men and [men] of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them [ought] of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead [them] away, and depart. {23} Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand. {24} For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike. {25} And it was [so] from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.


Genesis 32 and 1 Samuel 30 are especially noteworthy for God’s elect today as they face various trials, tribulations, and chastisements during this fiery trial that  characterizes this present “day” of judgment that we are in. In spite of the difficulties that both Jacob and David faced in their own lives in each of the above scenarios, God’s mercy prevailed.  And that is the “take home” message for you and me today. Yes there are many obstacles that the child of God has to face, but the key is entrusting them to God, Who works all things out, according to the good pleasure of His will. 


As a side note I would like to draw your attention to the phrase in 1 Samuel 30:6, ...but David encouraged himself [chazak:H2388] in the LORD [J@hovah:H3068] his God. [’elohiym:H430] 


Encouraged Himself [chazak:H2388] In The LORD [J@hovah:H3068] His God [’elohiym:H430] 


These three expressions are found in a number of passages, and we will consider five of them in the time we have remaining:


Deuteronomy 31:6 announces: Be strong [chazak:H2388]  and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD [J@hovah:H3068]  thy God [’elohiym:H430], he [it is] that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.


Joshua 1:9 likewise declares: Have not I commanded thee? Be strong [chazak:H2388] and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the LORD [J@hovah:H3068] thy God [’elohiym:H430] 

 [is] with thee whithersoever thou goest.


Judges 16:28 records Sampson’s last petition to the LORD prior to his death: And Samson called unto the LORD [J@hovah:H3068], and said, O Lord GOD, remember me, I pray thee, and strengthen [chazak:H2388] me, I pray thee, only this once, O God [’elohiym:H430], that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.


Ezra 7:28 underscores God’s mercy to Ezra in this Scripture: And hath extended mercy unto me before the king, and his counsellors, and before all the king's mighty princes. And I was strengthened [chazak:H2388]  as the hand of the LORD [J@hovah:H3068] my God [’elohiym:H430] [was] upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to go up with me.


Last but certainly not least, Isaiah 41:13 is a good reminder that God’s people need to rely increasingly upon God for all their needs - physically as well as spiritually: For I the LORD [J@hovah:H3068] thy God [’elohiym:H430]  will hold [chazak:H2388] thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee.


With that wonderful promise in mind, we need to conclude today’s lesson. Lord willing, in our next study we will focus on verse 10, And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.

Judges 10 - Part 15

 July 16, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 15 and today’s date is July 16, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:7-10,


And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

{8} And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead. {9} Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed. {10} And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim. {11} And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, [Did] not [I deliver you] from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines?


We have arrived at verse 10 in our ongoing examination of Judges 10, and as usual we see the all too familiar wheel of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest turn once again, and the children of Israel cry out to God for His divine mercy, recognizing the folly of their sinful ways. Since we have already discussed the terms in the phrase, And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD...in some of our earlier lessons, let’s proceed to the next two words in this verse, ...saying we have sinned...


Saying [’amar:H559] We Have Sinned [chata’:H2398]


These two expressions surface together in over 50 citations, and we will consider a number of them. This admission as we shall see is the lot of all mankind, irrespective if one is a child of God or one of the non-elect, as Ecclesiastes 7:20 unmistakably declares: 


For [there is] not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. 


We will also encounter these two terms again shortly when we arrive at Judges 10:15, in which these words are rendered as said and we have sinned: And the children of Israel said [chata’:H2398] unto the LORD, We have sinned [chata’:H2398]: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day.


Genesis 42:22 records Reuben’s words to his brothers concerning Joseph, in which the word saying (or spake) is repeated three times, and sin once:  


And Reuben answered them, saying [chata’:H2398], Spake [’amar:H559] I not unto you, saying [’amar:H559], Do not sin [chata’:H2398] against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.


Exodus 9:27 captures Pharaoh is a moment of honesty: And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said [’amar:H559] unto them, I have sinned [chata’:H2398] this time: the LORD [is] righteous, and I and my people [are] wicked.


Verse 20 of Joshua 7:10-26 recounts the events that led up to Aachan’s disclosure to Joshua, and in this instance, the swift retribution that his sin had incurred, reminding us that The wages of sin is death…(Romans 6:23a) 


And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy face? {11} Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put [it] even among their own stuff. {12} Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, [but] turned [their] backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy the accursed from among you. {13} Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow: for thus saith the LORD God of Israel, [There is] an accursed thing in the midst of thee, O Israel: thou canst not stand before thine enemies, until ye take away the accursed thing from among you. {14} In the morning therefore ye shall be brought according to your tribes: and it shall be, [that] the tribe which the LORD taketh shall come according to the families [thereof]; and the family which the LORD shall take shall come by households; and the household which the LORD shall take shall come man by man. {15} And it shall be, [that] he that is taken with the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he hath: because he hath transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and because he hath wrought folly in Israel. {16} So Joshua rose up early in the morning, and brought Israel by their tribes; and the tribe of Judah was taken: {17} And he brought the family of Judah; and he took the family of the Zarhites: and he brought the family of the Zarhites man by man; and Zabdi was taken: {18} And he brought his household man by man; and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was taken.

{19} And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide [it] not from me. {20} And Achan answered Joshua, and said [’amar:H559], Indeed I have sinned [chata’:H2398] against the LORD God of Israel, and thus and thus have I done: {21} When I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them; and, behold, they [are] hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. {22} So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran unto the tent; and, behold, [it was] hid in his tent, and the silver under it. {23} And they took them out of the midst of the tent, and brought them unto Joshua, and unto all the children of Israel, and laid them out before the LORD. {24} And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor. {25} And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled us? the LORD shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. {26} And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day. 


In 1 Samuel 15:24 Saul likewise acknowledges his sin to Samuel: And Saul said  [’amar:H559] unto Samuel, I have sinned [chata’:H2398]: for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared the people, and obeyed their voice.


And in 1 Samuel 26:21 the king similarly makes this confession to his son-in-law, David: Then said  [’amar:H559] Saul, I have sinned [chata’:H2398]: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.


Job 1:5 shows us Job’s (representing the Lord Jesus) manner of life with respect to his children: And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.


2 Samuel 12:13 is a wonderful recollection that in spite of the grievousness of sin, there is forgiveness for God’s true elect: And David said [’amar:H559]  unto Nathan, I have sinned [chata’:H2398] against the LORD. And Nathan said [’amar:H559] unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.


This last entry evokes one other fundamental truth regarding the nature of both sin as well as forgiveness. We read in verse 4 of Psalm 104:1-8 that God is to be feared for the very fact that He does forgive!


[A Song of degrees.] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD. {2} Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications. {3} If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? {4} But [there is] forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared. {5} I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope. {6} My soul [waiteth] for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: [I say, more than] they that watch for the morning. {7} Let Israel hope in the LORD: for with the LORD [there is] mercy, and with him [is] plenteous redemption. {8} And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities. 


The remaining words in verse 10 as well as in verse 11 are ones that we have run across in some of our previous lessons in this chapter so let’s move on to verse 12:


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand.


Actually we have discussed the Zidonians in a previous study in this chapter, and you might recall that the Amalekites were one of the three enemies, besides the Midianites and the children of the east, that fought against Gideon and his small band of 300 men by comparison, but as it turned out, those three foes ended up killing each other which God orchestrated as we learned from verse 22 of  Judges 7:19-22,


So Gideon, and the hundred men that [were] with him, came unto the outside of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch; and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers that [were] in their hands. {20} And the three companies blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers, and held the lamps in their left hands, and the trumpets in their right hands to blow [withal]: and they cried, The sword of the LORD, and of Gideon. {21} And they stood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran, and cried, and fled. {22} And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, [and] to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.


Getting back to verse 12, that leaves one group we have not investigated, which are the Maonites that we now want to turn our attention to:


And The Maonites [Ma`own:H4584]

There are two notable accounts regarding the location of Maon, which was a city of Judah, and apparently located 8 miles south of Hebron. The first one concerns King Saul (a type of the apostate corporate church) who was pursuing David (representing the Lord Jesus Christ) with great vehemence as we read in verses 24-25 of 1 Samuel 23:15-29,


And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David [was] in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood. {16} And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. {17} And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth. {18} And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house. {19} Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which [is] on the south of Jeshimon? {20} Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down; and our part [shall be] to deliver him into the king's hand. {21} And Saul said, Blessed [be] ye of the LORD; for ye have compassion on me. {22} Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place where his haunt is, [and] who hath seen him there: for it is told me [that] he dealeth very subtilly. {23} See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. {24} And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men [were] in the wilderness of Maon [Ma`own:H4584], in the plain on the south of Jeshimon. {25} Saul also and his men went to seek [him]. And they told David: wherefore he came down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon [Ma`own:H4584]. And when Saul heard [that], he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon [Ma`own:H4584]. {26} And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take them. {27} But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land. {28} Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth. {29} And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.


The second incident concerning the location of Maon is mentioned in 1 Samuel 25:2,


And [there was] a man in Maon, [Ma`own:H4584] whose possessions [were] in Carmel; and the man [was] very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 


This man was wicked Nabal (typifying Satan), who spurned David’s men  after they had carefully watched over his flocks when they asked for some food. Attempting to do “damage control,” Nabal’s wife Abigail appealed to David for mercy, as she brought him and his men food, and pleaded with him to not take vengeance into his own hands. As it turns out, Nabal dies shortly thereafter, and David marries Abigail (a picture of Christ and His elect). 


It’s worth noting that there is another word that is identically spelled to Maon (H4584) (including the vowel “pointings”) which signifies habitation. (H4583) We will take a look at some of the passages that contain this expression which, like so many that we have encountered, has both a negative as well as a positive connotation.


Habitation [ma`own:H4583]


The following reflect a negative nuance, and they reinforce the fact that judgment began at God’s house first, prior to transitioning to the world: 


1 Samuel 2:29 and 32 are the words that were directed to the high priest Eli and his two wicked sons, as chapters 2-4 of 1 Samuel are a historical parable underscoring God ’s judgment: Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my] habitation;[ma`own:H4583] and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people? ... {32} And thou shalt see an enemy [in my] habitation, [ma`own:H4583] in all [the wealth] which [God] shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever.


Jeremiah 9:11 reiterates this too, but uses the term, and a den (reminiscent of the den of thieves in the New Testament)  And I will make Jerusalem heaps, [and] a den [ma`own:H4583] of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.


Likewise Jeremiah 10:22 similarly declares: Behold, the noise of the bruit is come, and a great commotion out of the north country, to make the cities of Judah desolate, [and] a den [ma`own:H4583] of dragons.


These next two Scriptures focus on our present “day” of judgment:


Jeremiah 25:30 announces: Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; [ma`own:H4583] he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread [the grapes], against all the inhabitants of the earth.


This is also the case in Jeremiah 51:37, in which this word is translated as a dwellingplace: And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace [ma`own:H4583] for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.


On the other hand these notices reflect the positive imagery of the Kingdom of God:


Deuteronomy 26:15 teaches: Look down from thy holy habitation, [ma`own:H4583] from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land which thou hast given us, as thou swarest unto our fathers, a land that floweth with milk and honey.


Psalm 26:8 further declares: LORD, I have loved the habitation [ma`own:H4583] of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth.


And Psalm 71:3 reveals: Be thou my strong habitation, [ma`own:H4583] whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou [art] my rock and my fortress.


With those beautiful promises in mind, we have to bring today’s study to a close. Lord willing in our next study, we will continue our investigation of verse 12.

Judges 10 - Part 16

 July 21, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 16 and today’s date is July 21, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


We have arrived at the latter part of verse 12, beginning with the two terms: ...did oppress you; and ye cried…


Did Oppress You [lachats:H3905] And Ye Cried [tsa`aq:H6817]  


These two expressions only appear together again in the following two passages, one of which we considered in one of the earlier chapters in the book of Judges, with regard to King Jabin, and the commander of his army, Sisera:


Judges 4:3 records: And the children of Israel cried [tsa`aq:H6817] unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed [lachats:H3905] the children of Israel.


And Isaiah 19:20 makes this declaration concerning the Lord Jesus Christ: And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry [tsa`aq:H6817] unto the LORD because of the oppressors [lachats:H3905], and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.


To Me And I Delivered [yasha`:H3467] You Out Of Their Hand [yad:H3027] 


The next two expressions, to me and I delivered and you out of their hand we have seen a number of times before in this series. Here are a few citations to consider which contain these two words:


Verse 27 of Nehemiah 9:26-31 reveals the cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest that we have witnessed so often in the book of Judges: 


Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.{27} Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand [yad:H3027] of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours [yasha`:H3467], who saved [yasha`:H3467] them out of the hand [yad:H3027] of their enemies. {28} But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; {29} And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. {30} Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands. {31} Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou [art] a gracious and merciful God.


Verse 15 of Job 5:6-27 also employs these two terms:  Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground; {7} Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. {8} I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause: {9} Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: {10} Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields: {11} To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety. {12} He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform [their] enterprise. {13} He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong. {14} They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday as in the night. {15} But he saveth [yasha`:H3467] the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand [yad:H3027] of the mighty. {16} So the poor hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth. {17} Behold, happy [is] the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: {18} For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole. {19} He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. {20} In famine he shall redeem thee from death: and in war from the power of the sword. {21} Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue: neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh. {22} At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth. {23} For thou shalt be in league with the stones of the field: and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with thee. {24} And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle [shall be] in peace; and thou shalt visit thy habitation, and shalt not sin. {25} Thou shalt know also that thy seed [shall be] great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth. {26} Thou shalt come to [thy] grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season. {27} Lo this, we have searched it, so it [is]; hear it, and know thou [it] for thy good.


Verse 10 of Psalm 106:6-15 maintains: We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly. {7} Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked [him] at the sea, [even] at the Red sea. {8} Nevertheless he saved them for his name's sake, that he might make his mighty power to be known. {9} He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: so he led them through the depths, as through the wilderness.{10} And he saved them [yasha`:H3467] from the hand [yad:H3027] of him that hated [them], and redeemed them from the hand [yad:H3027] of the enemy. {11} And the waters covered their enemies: there was not one of them left. {12} Then believed they his words; they sang his praise. {13} They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel: {14} But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert. {15} And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul.


Verse 7 of Psalm 138:1-8 likewise affirms: [A Psalm] of David.] I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee. {2} I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. {3} In the day when I cried thou answeredst me, [and] strengthenedst me [with] strength in my soul. {4} All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O LORD, when they hear the words of thy mouth. {5} Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the LORD: for great [is] the glory of the LORD. {6} Though the LORD [be] high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off. {7} Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand [yad:H3027]  against the wrath of mine enemies, and thy right hand shall save [yasha`:H3467] me. {8} The LORD will perfect [that which] concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, [endureth] for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.


Jeremiah 42:11 also asserts this regarding the king of Babylon (who typifies Satan according to Isaiah 14:4), Be not afraid of the king of Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be not afraid of him, saith the LORD: for I [am] with you to save [yasha`:H3467] you, and to deliver you from his hand. [yad:H3027] 


Our last citation is found in Zechariah 8:13, Again the word of the LORD of hosts came [to me], saying, {2} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I was jealous for her with great fury. {3} Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain. {4} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; There shall yet old men and old women dwell in the streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff in his hand for very age. {5} And the streets of the city shall be full of boys and girls playing in the streets thereof. {6} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If it be marvellous in the eyes of the remnant of this people in these days, should it also be marvellous in mine eyes? saith the LORD of hosts. {7} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will save my people from the east country, and from the west country; {8} And I will bring them, and they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in truth and in righteousness. {9} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Let your hands be strong, ye that hear in these days these words by the mouth of the prophets, which [were] in the day [that] the foundation of the house of the LORD of hosts was laid, that the temple might be built. {10} For before these days there was no hire for man, nor any hire for beast; neither [was there any] peace to him that went out or came in because of the affliction: for I set all men every one against his neighbour. {11} But now I [will] not [be] unto the residue of this people as in the former days, saith the LORD of hosts. {12} For the seed [shall be] prosperous; the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground shall give her increase, and the heavens shall give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to possess all these [things]. {13} And it shall come to pass, [that] as ye were a curse among the heathen, O house of Judah, and house of Israel; so will I save [yasha`:H3467] you, and ye shall be a blessing: fear not, [but] let your hands [yad:H3027] be strong.


This brings us to the caustic admonition in verse 13: Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. 


The first four terms in this verse, Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods...  surface in seven other Scriptures:


Yet Ye Have Forsaken [azab:H5800] Me And Served [abad:H5647] Other [’aher:H312] Gods [elohiym:H430]


In light of the notices that follow, verse 16 of Joshua 24:16-24 is quite telling: And the people answered and said, God forbid that we should forsake [azab:H5800] the LORD, to serve [abad:H5647] other [’aher:H312] gods [elohiym:H430]; {17} For the LORD our God, he [it is] that brought us up and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and which did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein we went, and among all the people through whom we passed: {18} And the LORD drave out from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land: [therefore] will we also serve the LORD; for he [is] our God. {19} And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD: for he [is] an holy God; he [is] a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. {20} If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good. {21} And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; but we will serve the LORD. {22} And Joshua said unto the people, Ye [are] witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And they said, [We are] witnesses. {23} Now therefore put away, [said he], the strange gods which [are] among you, and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel. {24} And the people said unto Joshua, The LORD our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey.


Verse 8 of 1 Samuel 8:4-9 recounts Israel's sinful desire to want an earthly king, instead of Jehovah to rule over them: Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah, {5} And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations. {6} But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD. {7} And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. {8} According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken [azab:H5800] me, and served [abad:H5647] other [’aher:H312] gods [elohiym:H430], so do they also unto thee. {9} Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.


Verse 9 of 1 Kings 9:1-9 is very significant with regard to the reign of King Solomon, and God’s direct warning to him individually: And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all Solomon's desire which he was pleased to do, {2} That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon. {3} And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. {4} And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, [and] wilt keep my statutes and my judgments: {5} Then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel. {6} [But] if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments [and] my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them: {7} Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people: {8} And at this house, [which] is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house? {9} And they shall answer, Because they forsook [azab:H5800] the LORD their God [elohiym:H430]

, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other [’aher:H312] gods [elohiym:H430], and have worshipped them, and served  [abad:H5647] them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.


Incidentally, verses 19 and 22 of 2 Chronicles 7:17-22 is the parallel account to 1 Samuel 8:4-9. 


Verse 11 of Jeremiah 16:1-13 describes God’s judgment that began at His own house first: The word of the LORD came also unto me, saying, {2} Thou shalt not take thee a wife, neither shalt thou have sons or daughters in this place. {3} For thus saith the LORD concerning the sons and concerning the daughters that are born in this place, and concerning their mothers that bare them, and concerning their fathers that begat them in this land; {4} They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried; [but] they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth: and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their carcases shall be meat for the fowls of heaven, and for the beasts of the earth. {5} For thus saith the LORD, Enter not into the house of mourning, neither go to lament nor bemoan them: for I have taken away my peace from this people, saith the LORD, [even] lovingkindness and mercies. {6} Both the great and the small shall die in this land: they shall not be buried, neither shall [men] lament for them, nor cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them: {7} Neither shall [men] tear [themselves] for them in mourning, to comfort them for the dead; neither shall [men] give them the cup of consolation to drink for their father or for their mother. {8} Thou shalt not also go into the house of feasting, to sit with them to eat and to drink. {9} For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will cause to cease out of this place in your eyes, and in your days, the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride. {10} And it shall come to pass, when thou shalt shew this people all these words, and they shall say unto thee, Wherefore hath the LORD pronounced all this great evil against us? or what [is] our iniquity? or what [is] our sin that we have committed against the LORD our God? {11} Then shalt thou say unto them, Because your fathers have forsaken [azab:H5800] me, saith the LORD, and have walked after other [’aher:H312] gods [elohiym:H430], and have served  [abad:H5647]  them, and have worshipped them, and have forsaken [azab:H5800] me, and have not kept my law; {12} And ye have done worse than your fathers; for, behold, ye walk every one after the imagination of his evil heart, that they may not hearken unto me: {13} Therefore will I cast you out of this land into a land that ye know not, [neither] ye nor your fathers; and there shall ye serve other gods day and night; where I will not shew you favour.


Lastly, verse 9 of Jeremiah 22:1-9 similarly records: Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word, {2} And say, Hear the word of the LORD, O king of Judah, that sittest upon the throne of David, thou, and thy servants, and thy people that enter in by these gates: {3} Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place. {4} For if ye do this thing indeed, then shall there enter in by the gates of this house kings sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people. {5} But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation. {6} For thus saith the LORD unto the king's house of Judah; Thou [art] Gilead unto me, [and] the head of Lebanon: [yet] surely I will make thee a wilderness, [and] cities [which] are not inhabited. {7} And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons: and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast [them] into the fire. {8} And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbour, Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this great city? {9} Then they shall answer, Because they have forsaken [azab:H5800]  the covenant of the LORD their God [elohiym:H430], and worshipped other [’aher:H312] gods [elohiym:H430], and served  [abad:H5647] them.


Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will continue looking at the rest of  verse 13 as well as verse 14.

Judges 10 - Part 17

 July 23, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 17 and today’s date is July 23, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


In our last study we left off at the last phrase in verse 13, ...wherefore I will deliver you no more. Since we have already considered the term, delivered or yasha`  (H3467), we can now turn to the final two words in this verse, you no and more:


You No [lo’:H3808] More [yacaph:H3254]


We find these two expressions together in three other Scriptures, but there might be others as well, which I was not able to determine at the time of this writing. It’s worth noting that although God is extremely patient and longsuffering, there comes a point when He must bring His judgment to bear upon His two corporate entities - national Israel in the first instance, and secondly the New Testament churches and denominations - and so we find this statement...I will deliver you no more. In other words, God began His judgment which began at His own house first; then it transitioned to the world at large as of May 21, 2011. 


Verse 23 of Genesis 44:18-34 records this conversation between Judah and Joseph (who had not yet revealed his identity to his brother Benjamin and the rest of his half-brothers): 


Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou [art] even as Pharaoh. {19} My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? {20} And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him. {21} And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him. {22} And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for [if] he should leave his father, [his father] would die. {23} And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no [lo’:H3808] more.  [yacaph:H3254] {24} And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. {25} And our father said, Go again, [and] buy us a little food. {26} And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother [be] with us. {27} And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two [sons]: {28} And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: {29} And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. {30} Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad [be] not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life; {31} It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad [is] not [with us], that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave. {32} For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever. {33} Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. {34} For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad [be] not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.


Verse 6 of Exodus 11:1-6 chronicles the events leading up to the last of the 10 plagues; these words are rendered nor and any more: And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague [more] upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let [you] go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. {2} Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. {3} And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses [was] very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people. {4} And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: {5} And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that [is] behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. {6} And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor [lo’:H3808] shall be like it any more.  [yacaph:H3254]


Verse 12 of Joshua 7:1-15 describes the consequences of Achan’s sin that ultimately led to his death as well as the deaths of all those within his family:  


But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel. {2} And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which [is] beside Bethaven, on the east side of Bethel, and spake unto them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went up and viewed Ai. {3} And they returned to Joshua, and said unto him, Let not all the people go up; but let about two or three thousand men go up and smite Ai; [and] make not all the people to labour thither; for they [are but] few. {4} So there went up thither of the people about three thousand men: and they fled before the men of Ai. {5} And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased them [from] before the gate [even] unto Shebarim, and smote them in the going down: wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as water. {6} And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads. {7} And Joshua said, Alas, O Lord GOD, wherefore hast thou at all brought this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? would to God we had been content, and dwelt on the other side Jordan! {8} O Lord, what shall I say, when Israel turneth their backs before their enemies! {9} For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land shall hear [of it], and shall environ us round, and cut off our name from the earth: and what wilt thou do unto thy great name? {10} And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore liest thou thus upon thy face? {11} Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put [it] even among their own stuff. {12} Therefore the children of Israel could not [lo’:H3808]  stand before their enemies, [but] turned [their] backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither [lo’:H3808]  will I be with you any more [yacaph:H3254], except ye destroy the accursed from among you. {13} Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow: for thus saith the LORD God of Israel, [There is] an accursed thing in the midst of thee, O Israel: thou canst not stand before thine enemies, until ye take away the accursed thing from among you. {14} In the morning therefore ye shall be brought according to your tribes: and it shall be, [that] the tribe which the LORD taketh shall come according to the families [thereof]; and the family which the LORD shall take shall come by households; and the household which the LORD shall take shall come man by man. {15} And it shall be, [that] he that is taken with the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he hath: because he hath transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and because he hath wrought folly in Israel.


Well, now we are ready to proceed to verse 14, which states, Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. 


Go [yalak:H3212] And Cry [za`aq:H2199] 


The first two terms go along with and cry surface together only in these next two citations:


Verse 19 of 2 Samuel 13:1-19 records the events leading up to the rape of Tamar by Amnon; these two words are translated and went along with crying: And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name [was] Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her. {2} And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she [was] a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her. {3} But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man. {4} And he said unto him, Why [art] thou, [being] the king's son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister. {5} And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see [it], and eat [it] at her hand. {6} So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand. {7} Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat. {8} So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded [it], and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes. {9} And she took a pan, and poured [them] out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him. {10} And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought [them] into the chamber to Amnon her brother. {11} And when she had brought [them] unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister. {12} And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly. {13} And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee. {14} Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her. {15} Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her [was] greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone. {16} And she said unto him, [There is] no cause: this evil in sending me away [is] greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her. {17} Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this [woman] out from me, and bolt the door after her. {18} And [she had] a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters [that were] virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her. {19} And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that [was] on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went [yalak:H3212] on crying. [za`aq:H2199]


Verse 5 of 2 Samuel 20:1-22 includes these two terms as went and to assemble in this account of the rebellion of Sheba: And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. {2} So every man of Israel went up from after David, [and] followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem. {3} And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women [his] concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood. {4} Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble me the men of Judah within three days, and be thou here present. {5} So Amasa went [yalak:H3212] to assemble [za`aq:H2199]  [the men of] Judah: but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed him. {6} And David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than [did] Absalom: take thou thy lord's servants, and pursue after him, lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us. {7} And there went out after him Joab's men, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri. {8} When they [were] at the great stone which [is] in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab's garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle [with] a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out. {9} And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. {10} But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri. {11} And one of Joab's men stood by him, and said, He that favoureth Joab, and he that [is] for David, [let him go] after Joab. {12} And Amasa wallowed in blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he removed Amasa out of the highway into the field, and cast a cloth upon him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood still. {13} When he was removed out of the highway, all the people went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri. {14} And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him. {15} And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that [were] with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down. {16} Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with thee. {17} And when he was come near unto her, the woman said, [Art] thou Joab? And he answered, I [am he]. Then she said unto him, Hear the words of thine handmaid. And he answered, I do hear. {18} Then she spake, saying, They were wont to speak in old time, saying, They shall surely ask [counsel] at Abel: and so they ended [the matter]. {19} I [am one of them that are] peaceable [and] faithful in Israel: thou seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance of the LORD? {20} And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy. {21} The matter [is] not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, [even] against David: deliver him only, and I will depart from the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to thee over the wall. {22} Then the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast [it] out to Joab. And he blew a trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.


Unto The Gods [’elohiym:H430] Which Ye Have Chosen [bachar:H977] 


The next phrase in verse 14 is, ...unto the gods which ye have chosen… which is composed of two expressions that appear in over 30 references. We actually ran across one of these in one of our earlier lessons in Judges 5:8, which includes these two terms as they chose and gods, which is part of Barak’s (who represents Christ) and Deborah’s (who typifies the Word of God) “victory song” over Sisera (who exemplifies Satan):


They chose [bachar:H977]  new gods [’elohiym:H430]; then [was] war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?


There are other verses that are similar to Judges 10:14 that I would like to bring to your attention in the time we have remaining in today’s lesson:


Deuteronomy 32:36-42 announces: For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that [their] power is gone, and [there is] none shut up, or left. {37} And he shall say, Where [are] their gods, [their] rock in whom they trusted, {38} Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, [and] drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, [and] be your protection. {39} See now that I, [even] I, [am] he, and [there is] no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither [is there any] that can deliver out of my hand. {40} For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. {41} If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me. {42} I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.


Proverbs 1:24-30 likewise explains: Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded; {25} But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof: {26} I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh; {27} When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. {28} Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me: {29} For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD: {30} They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof.


Jeremiah 2:28-29 reiterates this as well:  But where [are] thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for [according to] the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah. {29} Wherefore will ye plead with me? ye all have transgressed against me, saith the LORD.


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will examine the last two words in verse 14, you in the time and of your tribulation.

Judges 10 - Part 18

 July 26, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 18 and today’s date is July 26, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


As I mentioned in our previous study, today we want to address the last two words in verse 14, which make up the phrase, ...you in the time of your tribulation.


You In The Time [`eth:H6256] Of Your Tribulation [tsarah:H6869] 


These two words appear together in the following 10 references. We are curious about them as we have passed through the Great Tribulation (May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011) which was 23 years in length and now we are in the midst of another tribulation (May 21, 2011 -) of which there are many Biblical timepaths pointing to a possible end date sometime in the year 2033, as Chris Mc Cann of E-Bible Fellowship has discovered. Let’s also keep in mind the context of verses 13-14,


Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. 


As we examine these next 10 notices we will discover that both the elect as well as the non-elect are in view as well as their respective destinies in accordance with the will of God.


These two expressions surface in Daniel 12:1, the context of which has to do with the Great Tribulation, and the fulfillment of the Great Commission, and is closely related to the language that one finds in Matthew 24. These terms are rendered  a time and of trouble: 


And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time [`eth:H6256] of trouble [tsarah:H6869], such as never was since there was a nation [even] to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.


Verse 7 of Jeremiah 30:7-11 translates these words as  [is] even the time and trouble:  Alas! for that day [is] great, so that none [is] like it: it [is] even the time [`eth:H6256] of Jacob's trouble [tsarah:H6869] ; but he shall be saved out of it. {8} For it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, [that] I will break his yoke from off thy neck, and will burst thy bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him: {9} But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them. {10} Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make [him] afraid. {11} For I [am] with thee, saith the LORD, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished.

  


Verse 27 of Nehemiah 9:27-31 likewise includes these same terms in this passage which is an apt summation of the spiritual cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest  that is so prevalent in the Book of Judges:  


Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time [`eth:H6256] of their trouble [tsarah:H6869], when they cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies. {28} But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; {29} And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. {30} Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands. {31} Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou [art] a gracious and merciful God.


Verse 8 of Jeremiah 14:1-16 is a Scripture that highlights God’s judgment which began at His own house first, and then transitioned to the world at large at the start of our current “day” of judgment on May 21, 2011: 


The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth. {2} Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up. {3} And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads. {4} Because the ground is chapt, for there was no rain in the earth, the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their heads. {5} Yea, the hind also calved in the field, and forsook [it], because there was no grass. {6} And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because [there was] no grass. {7} O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do thou [it] for thy name's sake: for our backslidings are many; we have sinned against thee. {8} O the hope of Israel, the saviour thereof in time [`eth:H6256] of trouble [tsarah:H6869], why shouldest thou be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man [that] turneth aside to tarry for a night? {9} Why shouldest thou be as a man astonied, as a mighty man [that] cannot save? yet thou, O LORD, [art] in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name; leave us not. {10} Thus saith the LORD unto this people, Thus have they loved to wander, they have not refrained their feet, therefore the LORD doth not accept them; he will now remember their iniquity, and visit their sins. {11} Then said the LORD unto me, Pray not for this people for [their] good. {12} When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence. {13} Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place. {14} Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart. {15} Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that prophesy in my name, and I sent them not, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this land; By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed. {16} And the people to whom they prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword; and they shall have none to bury them, them, their wives, nor their sons, nor their daughters: for I will pour their wickedness upon them.


Verse 8 of Jeremiah 14 is similar to what one finds in verse 1 of Psalm 10:1-18, as God portrays the distinction between the unsaved and the saved:


Why standest thou afar off, O LORD? [why] hidest thou [thyself] in times [`eth:H6256]  of trouble? [tsarah:H6869] {2} The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined. {3} For the wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and blesseth the covetous, [whom] the LORD abhorreth. {4} The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek [after God]: God [is] not in all his thoughts. {5} His ways are always grievous; thy judgments [are] far above out of his sight: [as for] all his enemies, he puffeth at them. {6} He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for [I shall] never [be] in adversity. {7} His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue [is] mischief and vanity. {8} He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor. {9} He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net. {10} He croucheth, [and] humbleth himself, that the poor may fall by his strong ones. {11} He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see [it]. {12} Arise, O LORD; O God, lift up thine hand: forget not the humble. {13} Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require [it]. {14} Thou hast seen [it]; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite [it] with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless. {15} Break thou the arm of the wicked and the evil [man]: seek out his wickedness [till] thou find none. {16} The LORD [is] King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land. {17} LORD, thou hast heard the desire of the humble: thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear: {18} To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.


Verse 11 of Jeremiah 15:1-11 contains these two terms in the context of God’s judgment again:  Then said the LORD unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, [yet] my mind [could] not [be] toward this people: cast [them] out of my sight, and let them go forth. {2} And it shall come to pass, if they say unto thee, Whither shall we go forth? then thou shalt tell them, Thus saith the LORD; Such as [are] for death, to death; and such as [are] for the sword, to the sword; and such as [are] for the famine, to the famine; and such as [are] for the captivity, to the captivity. {3} And I will appoint over them four kinds, saith the LORD: the sword to slay, and the dogs to tear, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the earth, to devour and destroy. {4} And I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah king of Judah, for [that] which he did in Jerusalem. {5} For who shall have pity upon thee, O Jerusalem? or who shall bemoan thee? or who shall go aside to ask how thou doest? {6} Thou hast forsaken me, saith the LORD, thou art gone backward: therefore will I stretch out my hand against thee, and destroy thee; I am weary with repenting. {7} And I will fan them with a fan in the gates of the land; I will bereave [them] of children, I will destroy my people, [since] they return not from their ways. {8} Their widows are increased to me above the sand of the seas: I have brought upon them against the mother of the young men a spoiler at noonday: I have caused [him] to fall upon it suddenly, and terrors upon the city. {9} She that hath borne seven languisheth: she hath given up the ghost; her sun is gone down while [it was] yet day: she hath been ashamed and confounded: and the residue of them will I deliver to the sword before their enemies, saith the LORD. {10} Woe is me, my mother, that thou hast borne me a man of strife and a man of contention to the whole earth! I have neither lent on usury, nor men have lent to me on usury; [yet] every one of them doth curse me. {11} The LORD said, Verily it shall be well with thy remnant; verily I will cause the enemy to entreat thee [well] in the time [`eth:H6256] of evil and in the time [`eth:H6256] of affliction. [tsarah:H6869]


Isaiah 33:2 likewise affirms: O LORD, be gracious unto us; we have waited for thee: be thou their arm every morning, our salvation also in the time [`eth:H6256] of trouble. [tsarah:H6869]


Verse 9 of Psalm 9:1-20 contains these two expressions: [To the chief Musician upon Muthlabben (“To die for the Son”) A Psalm of David.] I will praise [thee], O LORD, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all thy marvellous works. {2} I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High. {3} When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at thy presence. {4} For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right. {5} Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. {6} O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them. {7} But the LORD shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment. {8} And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness. {9} The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times [`eth:H6256] of trouble. [tsarah:H6869] {10} And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee. {11} Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings. {12} When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the cry of the humble. {13} Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble [which I suffer] of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death: {14} That I may shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion: I will rejoice in thy salvation. {15} The heathen are sunk down in the pit [that] they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken. {16} The LORD is known [by] the judgment [which] he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah. {17} The wicked shall be turned into hell, [and] all the nations that forget God. {18} For the needy shall not alway be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall [not] perish for ever. {19} Arise, O LORD; let not man prevail: let the heathen be judged in thy sight. {20} Put them in fear, O LORD: [that] the nations may know themselves [to be but] men. Selah. 


Verse 39 of Psalm 37:1-40 reiterates this same theme: [A Psalm of David.] Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity. {2} For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb. {3} Trust in the LORD, and do good; [so] shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed. {4} Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart. {5} Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring [it] to pass. {6} And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday. {7} Rest in the LORD, and wait patiently for him: fret not thyself because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pass. {8} Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to do evil. {9} For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the LORD, they shall inherit the earth. {10} For yet a little while, and the wicked [shall] not [be]: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it [shall] not [be]. {11} But the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace. {12} The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. {13} The Lord shall laugh at him: for he seeth that his day is coming. {14} The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, [and] to slay such as be of upright conversation. {15} Their sword shall enter into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken. {16} A little that a righteous man hath [is] better than the riches of many wicked. {17} For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but the LORD upholdeth the righteous. {18} The LORD knoweth the days of the upright: and their inheritance shall be for ever. {19} They shall not be ashamed in the evil time: and in the days of famine they shall be satisfied. {20} But the wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the LORD [shall be] as the fat of lambs: they shall consume; into smoke shall they consume away. {21} The wicked borroweth, and payeth not again: but the righteous sheweth mercy, and giveth. {22} For [such as be] blessed of him shall inherit the earth; and [they that be] cursed of him shall be cut off. {23} The steps of a [good] man are ordered by the LORD: and he delighteth in his way. {24} Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the LORD upholdeth [him with] his hand. {25} I have been young, and [now] am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. {26} [He is] ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed [is] blessed. {27} Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore. {28} For the LORD loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off. {29} The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever. {30} The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment. {31} The law of his God [is] in his heart; none of his steps shall slide. {32} The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to slay him. {33} The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged. {34} Wait on the LORD, and keep his way, and he shall exalt thee to inherit the land: when the wicked are cut off, thou shalt see [it]. {35} I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. {36} Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found. {37} Mark the perfect [man], and behold the upright: for the end of [that] man [is] peace. {38} But the transgressors shall be destroyed together: the end of the wicked shall be cut off. {39} But the salvation of the righteous [is] of the LORD: [he is] their strength in the time [`eth:H6256] of trouble. [tsarah:H6869] {40} And the LORD shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them, because they trust in him.


Proverbs 17:17 is the last entry in which these two words are employed as times and for adversity: A friend loveth at all times [`eth:H6256], and a brother is born for adversity. [tsarah:H6869]


Lord willing, in our next study we will examine verse 15.

Judges 10 - Part 19

 July 30, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 19 and today’s date is July 30, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


We have arrived at the last three verses in this chapter, starting with verse 15, and the phrase...do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee…, as we have already investigated the other words and phrases in our earlier lessons.


Do [`asah:H6213] Thou Unto Us Whatsoever Seemeth [`ayin:H5869] Good [tob:H2896] Unto Thee


This phrase is made up of three main words, do or `asah; seemeth or `ayin, and good or tob. These three terms appear together in 28 other passages, and we will consider some of them. As we have seen so often throughout the book of Judges,  the Israelites, once again, throw themselves upon the mercy of God.


These three words also surface in Judges 19:24, which is a historical parable regarding God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: Behold, [here is] my daughter a maiden, and his concubine; them I will bring out now, and humble ye them, and do with them what seemeth good unto you: but unto this man do not so vile a thing.


This is also the case in verse 18 of 1 Samuel 3:11-18, in which Eli the High Priest demands of young Samuel to tell him all that Jehovah declared to Samuel regarding His judgment on Eli’s house, which foreshadows God’s retribution against national Israel in the first instance, and who they represent, namely the end-time churches and denominations, worldwide and without exception:  


And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle. {12} In that day I will perform against Eli all [things] which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, I will also make an end. {13} For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. {14} And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever. {15} And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And Samuel feared to shew Eli the vision. {16} Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And he answered, Here [am] I. {17} And he said, What [is] the thing that [the LORD] hath said unto thee? I pray thee hide [it] not from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide [any] thing from me of all the things that he said unto thee. {18} And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It [is] the LORD: let him do [`asah:H6213]  what seemeth [`ayin:H5869] him good. [tob:H2896] 


Just as God declared to Samuel His purpose in bringing His judgment to bear upon His own corporate people first, He likewise did the same to the prophet Jeremiah who was given the task to declare His judgment to national Israel, who did not take kindly to these tidings as verse 14 of Jeremiah 26:1-15 maintains. Please note the reference to Shiloh, which is where the Tabernacle was located, and where Eli and his two wicked sons ministered, according to 1 Samuel 1:3, 9, and 24: 


And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, [were] there. ... {9} So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD. ... {24} And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child [was] young. 


Jeremiah 26:1-15 reveals: In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah came this word from the LORD, saying, {2} Thus saith the LORD; Stand in the court of the LORD'S house, and speak unto all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the LORD'S house, all the words that I command thee to speak unto them; diminish not a word: {3} If so be they will hearken, and turn every man from his evil way, that I may repent me of the evil, which I purpose to do unto them because of the evil of their doings. {4} And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD; If ye will not hearken to me, to walk in my law, which I have set before you, {5} To hearken to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent unto you, both rising up early, and sending [them], but ye have not hearkened; {6} Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth. {7} So the priests and the prophets and all the people heard Jeremiah speaking these words in the house of the LORD. {8} Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all that the LORD had commanded [him] to speak unto all the people, that the priests and the prophets and all the people took him, saying, Thou shalt surely die. {9} Why hast thou prophesied in the name of the LORD, saying, This house shall be like Shiloh, and this city shall be desolate without an inhabitant? And all the people were gathered against Jeremiah in the house of the LORD. {10} When the princes of Judah heard these things, then they came up from the king's house unto the house of the LORD, and sat down in the entry of the new gate of the LORD'S [house]. {11} Then spake the priests and the prophets unto the princes and to all the people, saying, This man [is] worthy to die; for he hath prophesied against this city, as ye have heard with your ears. {12} Then spake Jeremiah unto all the princes and to all the people, saying, The LORD sent me to prophesy against this house and against this city all the words that ye have heard. {13} Therefore now amend your ways and your doings, and obey the voice of the LORD your God; and the LORD will repent him of the evil that he hath pronounced against you.{14} As for me, behold, I [am] in your hand: do [`asah:H6213] with me as seemeth [`ayin:H5869] good [tob:H2896] and meet unto you. {15} But know ye for certain, that if ye put me to death, ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves, and upon this city, and upon the inhabitants thereof: for of a truth the LORD hath sent me unto you to speak all these words in your ears.


These three expressions are also found in 1 Samuel 1:23, as Elkanah speaks to his wife Hannah, with respect to weaning baby Samuel before giving him to Eli the High Priest, as she had promised to “lend him to the LORD”: And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do [`asah:H6213] what seemeth [`ayin:H5869] thee good [tob:H2896]; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.


Genesis 19:8 records Lot’s response to the wicked men of Sodom who wanted to abuse his two guests (God Himself in the Two Persons of the Trinity):  Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do [`asah:H6213] ye to them as [is] good [tob:H2896] in your eyes [`ayin:H5869]: only unto these men do [`asah:H6213] nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.


Genesis 16:6 employs these expressions as Abraham speaks to Sarai about Hagar: But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid [is] in thy hand; do  [`asah:H6213] to her as it pleaseth [tob:H2896] [`ayin:H5869]  thee. [tob:H2896] [`ayin:H5869]  And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.


Deuteronomy 12:28 lays out one of God’s chief statutes, which really serves to define true Biblical love: Observe and hear all these words which I command thee, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee for ever, when thou doest [`asah:H6213] [that which is] good  [tob:H2896] and right in the sight [`ayin:H5869] of the LORD thy God.


These words also crop up in Hezekiah’s prayer to God when he learned from Isaiah the prophet that he was soon to die in Isaiah 38:3, And said, Remember now, O LORD, I beseech thee, how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done [`asah:H6213]  [that which is] good [tob:H2896] in thy sight. [`ayin:H5869] And Hezekiah wept sore.


Verse 23 of 1 Chronicles 21:11-29 records these words of Ornan to King David with regard to the matter of David giving the command to number Israel: And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly. {9} And the LORD spake unto Gad, David's seer, saying, {10} Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three [things]: choose thee one of them, that I may do [it] unto thee. {11} So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee {12} Either three years' famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh [thee]; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me. {13} And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great [are] his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man. {14}  So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men. {15} And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. {16} And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders [of Israel, who were] clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces. {17} And David said unto God, [Is it] not I [that] commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but [as for] these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father's house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued. {18} Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. {19} And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD. {20} And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat. {21} And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with [his] face to the ground. {22} Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of [this] threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people. {23} And Ornan said unto David, Take [it] to thee, and let my lord the king do [`asah:H6213] [that which is] good [tob:H2896] in his eyes [`ayin:H5869]: lo, I give [thee] the oxen [also] for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat offering; I give it all. {24} And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take [that] which [is] thine for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings without cost. {25} So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight. {26} And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering. {27} And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof. {28} At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there. {29} For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, [were] at that season in the high place at Gibeon.


Lastly we see these words used in connection with Haman’s sinful plot to destroy the Jews which King Ahashuerus initially consented to in verse 11 of  Esther 3:8-11, which is another portrait of God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws [are] diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it [is] not for the king's profit to suffer them. 9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring [it] into the king's treasuries. 10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy. {11} And the king said unto Haman, The silver [is] given to thee, the people also, to do [`asah:H6213] with them as it seemeth [`ayin:H5869]  good [tob:H2896] to thee.


We know that Haman typifies Satan, and King Ahashuerus is a representation of God. This is a spiritual portrait of God allowing Satan to infiltrate the churches and denominations, worldwide and without exception, during the Great Tribulation of our day (May 21, 1988- May 21, 2011) as we learn from 2 Thessalonians 2:1-4,


Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and [by] our gathering together unto him, {2} That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. {3} Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; {4} Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.


This of course ties into the abomination of desolation (spoken of in the Book of Daniel) in Matthew 24:15-25,


When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) {16} Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: {17} Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: {18} Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes. {19} And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! {20} But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: {21} For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. {22} And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened. {23} Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here [is] Christ, or there; believe [it] not. {24} For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect. {25} Behold, I have told you before.


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study, we will continue our examination of verse 15, and proceed to verse 16.

Judges 10 - Part 20

 August 2, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 20 and today’s date is August 2, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


In our examination of Judges 10 we have arrived at the last few words in verse 15, and the phrase... deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. And once again we see Israel pleading with the Lord to deliver them from the 18-year Ammonite oppression. Let’s take a closer look at two of the main terms, deliver or natsal and day or yowm.


Thee Deliver [natsal:H5337] & Day [yowm:H3117]


These two expressions are found together in 14 other citations, and we’ll consider some of them.


Verse 31 of Joshua 22:10-26 includes these two terms as this day and ye have delivered in this interesting account in which the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh build an altar by Jordan, and their motivation for doing so was misconstrued by the other tribes, until the matter was resolved peaceably:


And when they came unto the borders of Jordan, that [are] in the land of Canaan, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh built there an altar by Jordan, a great altar to see to. {11} And the children of Israel heard say, Behold, the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh have built an altar over against the land of Canaan, in the borders of Jordan, at the passage of the children of Israel. {12} And when the children of Israel heard [of it], the whole congregation of the children of Israel gathered themselves together at Shiloh, to go up to war against them. {13} And the children of Israel sent unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, into the land of Gilead, Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, {14} And with him ten princes, of each chief house a prince throughout all the tribes of Israel; and each one [was] an head of the house of their fathers among the thousands of Israel. {15} And they came unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh, unto the land of Gilead, and they spake with them, saying, {16} Thus saith the whole congregation of the LORD, What trespass [is] this that ye have committed against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against the LORD? {17} [Is] the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of the LORD, {18} But that ye must turn away this day from following the LORD? and it will be, [seeing] ye rebel to day against the LORD, that to morrow he will be wroth with the whole congregation of Israel. {19} Notwithstanding, if the land of your possession [be] unclean, [then] pass ye over unto the land of the possession of the LORD, wherein the LORD'S tabernacle dwelleth, and take possession among us: but rebel not against the LORD, nor rebel against us, in building you an altar beside the altar of the LORD our God. {20} Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity. {21} Then the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh answered, and said unto the heads of the thousands of Israel, {22} The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knoweth, and Israel he shall know; if [it be] in rebellion, or if in transgression against the LORD, (save us not this day,) {23} That we have built us an altar to turn from following the LORD, or if to offer thereon burnt offering or meat offering, or if to offer peace offerings thereon, let the LORD himself require [it]; {24} And if we have not [rather] done it for fear of [this] thing, saying, In time to come your children might speak unto our children, saying, What have ye to do with the LORD God of Israel? {25} For the LORD hath made Jordan a border between us and you, ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; ye have no part in the LORD: so shall your children make our children cease from fearing the LORD. {26} Therefore we said, Let us now prepare to build us an altar, not for burnt offering, nor for sacrifice: {27} But [that] it [may be] a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us, that we might do the service of the LORD before him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices, and with our peace offerings; that your children may not say to our children in time to come, Ye have no part in the LORD. {28} Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should [so] say to us or to our generations in time to come, that we may say [again], Behold the pattern of the altar of the LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor for sacrifices; but it [is] a witness between us and you. {29} God forbid that we should rebel against the LORD, and turn this day from following the LORD, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for meat offerings, or for sacrifices, beside the altar of the LORD our God that [is] before his tabernacle. {30} And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation and heads of the thousands of Israel which [were] with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them. {31} And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day [yowm:H3117] we perceive that the LORD [is] among us, because ye have not committed this trespass against the LORD: now ye have delivered [natsal:H5337] the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.


Verse 24 of 1 Samuel 26:5-25 includes these two expressions as David spoke to his father-in-law, King Saul, after David had the opportunity to kill the king who was intent on killing David, but David spared him:


And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him. {6} Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. {7} So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him. {8} Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not [smite] him the second time. {9} And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless? {10} David said furthermore, [As] the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish. {11} The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that [is] at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go. {12} So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw [it], nor knew [it], neither awaked: for they [were] all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon them. {13} Then David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of an hill afar off; a great space [being] between them: {14} And David cried to the people, and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, Answerest thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who [art] thou [that] criest to the king? {15} And David said to Abner, [Art] not thou a [valiant] man? and who [is] like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord. {16} This thing [is] not good that thou hast done. [As] the LORD liveth, ye [are] worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD'S anointed. And now see where the king's spear [is], and the cruse of water that [was] at his bolster. {17} And Saul knew David's voice, and said, [Is] this thy voice, my son David? And David said, [It is] my voice, my lord, O king. {18} And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil [is] in mine hand? {19} Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if [they be] the children of men, cursed [be] they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods. {20} Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains. {21} Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly. {22} And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! and let one of the young men come over and fetch it. {23} The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness: for the LORD delivered thee into [my] hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed. {24} And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day [yowm:H3117] in mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver [natsal:H5337] me out of all tribulation. {25} Then Saul said to David, Blessed [be] thou, my son David: thou shalt both do great [things], and also shalt still prevail. So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.


Verse 6 of 2 Kings 20:1-11 includes these two words in this passage which records God telling good King Hezekiah through the prophet Isaiah that he would die shortly:


In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live. {2} Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto the LORD, saying, {3} I beseech thee, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done [that which is] good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore. {4} And it came to pass, afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, that the word of the LORD came to him, saying, {5} Turn again, and tell Hezekiah the captain of my people, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee: on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of the LORD. {6} And I will add unto thy days [yowm:H3117] fifteen years; and I will deliver [natsal:H5337] thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake. {7} And Isaiah said, Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid [it] on the boil, and he recovered. {8} And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What [shall be] the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the LORD the third day? {9} And Isaiah said, This sign shalt thou have of the LORD, that the LORD will do the thing that he hath spoken: shall the shadow go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees? {10} And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees: nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees. {11} And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the LORD: and he brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.


Verse 25 of 2 Chronicles 20:20-25  includes these terms in this historical parable which speaks about our present day of judgment: And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. {21} And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever. {22} And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten. {23} For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy [them]: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another. {24} And when Judah came toward the watch tower in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they [were] dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. {25} And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off [natsal:H5337] for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days [yowm:H3117] in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.


This same theme is echoed in Zephaniah 1:14-18, in which these words surface in verse 18:  The great day of the LORD [is] near, [it is] near, and hasteth greatly, [even] the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. {15} That day [is] a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, {16} A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. {17} And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung. {18} Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver [natsal:H5337] them in the day [yowm:H3117] of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.


Proverbs 11:4 likewise affirms:  Riches profit not in the day [yowm:H3117] of wrath: but righteousness delivereth [natsal:H5337] from death.


One exemplary passage that relates to our present “day” of judgment comes to light in Ezekiel 34:11-31, in which these two terms crop up in verse 12: 


For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, [even] I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. {12} As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day [yowm:H3117]  that he is among his sheep [that are] scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver [natsal:H5337]  them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. {13} And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country. {14} I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and [in] a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel. {15} I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD. {16} I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment. {17} And [as for] you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats. {18} [Seemeth it] a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet? {19} And [as for] my flock, they eat that which ye have trodden with your feet; and they drink that which ye have fouled with your feet. {20} Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD unto them; Behold, I, [even] I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle. {21} Because ye have thrust with side and with shoulder, and pushed all the diseased with your horns, till ye have scattered them abroad; {22} Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle. {23} And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. {24} And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken [it]. {25} And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods. {26} And I will make them and the places round about my hill a blessing; and I will cause the shower to come down in his season; there shall be showers of blessing. {27} And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have broken the bands of their yoke, and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them. {28} And they shall no more be a prey to the heathen, neither shall the beast of the land devour them; but they shall dwell safely, and none shall make [them] afraid. {29} And I will raise up for them a plant of renown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land, neither bear the shame of the heathen any more. {30} Thus shall they know that I the LORD their God [am] with them, and [that] they, [even] the house of Israel, [are] my people, saith the Lord GOD. {31} And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, [are] men, [and] I [am] your God, saith the Lord GOD. 


On that most wonderful note, we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will examine verse 16. 

Judges 10 - Part 21

 August 23, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 21 and today’s date is August 23, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


In our investigation of Judges 10, we have arrived at verse 16. Let’s begin by examining the first phrase in verse 16, which is comprised of the following four words:


And They Put Away [cuwr:H5493] The Strange [nekar:H5236] Gods [elohiym:H430] From Among [qereb:H7130] 


These four expressions are only found together again in verse 23 of Joshua 24:14-27. In the context Joshua has just finished rehearsing God’s providential dealings with national Israel, and then the following conversation takes place between Joshua (picturing Christ - his name, Jehoshua, means Jehovah is salvation) and Israel:


 


Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD. {15} And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that [were] on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD. {16} And the people answered and said, God forbid that we should forsake the LORD, to serve other gods; {17} For the LORD our God, he [it is] that brought us up and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and which did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein we went, and among all the people through whom we passed: {18} And the LORD drave out from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land: [therefore] will we also serve the LORD; for he [is] our God. {19} And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD: for he [is] an holy God; he [is] a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. {20} If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good. {21} And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; but we will serve the LORD. {22} And Joshua said unto the people, Ye [are] witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And they said, [We are] witnesses. {23} Now therefore put away [cuwr:H5493], [said he], the strange [nekar:H5236]  gods [elohiym:H430] which [are] among [qereb:H7130] you, and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel. {24} And the people said unto Joshua, The LORD our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey. {25} So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem. {26} And Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God, and took a great stone, and set it up there under an oak, that [was] by the sanctuary of the LORD. {27} And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God.



Them And Served [`abad:G5647] Jehovah [Yehovah:H3068]


We have already considered the next two terms, them and served and Jehovah previously in verses 6 and 10 of this same chapter, so let’s proceed to the subsequent two expressions,


And His Soul [nephesh:H5315] Was Grieved [qatsar:H7114]


These two terms surface together in three other Scriptures that highlight the extent of the grief that Israel’s sinful patterns were to God:


We will encounter these two terms again, Lord willing, in Judges 16:16 with respect to Sampson as Delilah relentlessly seeks to discover the source of his enormous strength; these two words are translated as him [so] that his soul along with was vexed: 


And it came to pass, when she pressed him daily with her words, and urged him, [so] that his soul [nephesh:H5315] was vexed [qatsar:H7114] unto death;


However in Numbers 21:4 these are expressed as and the soul and was much discouraged: And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul [nephesh:H5315] of the people was much discouraged [qatsar:H7114] because of the way.



Zechariah 11:8 renders these as and my soul and lothed: Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul [nephesh:H5315] lothed [qatsar:H7114]  them, and their soul also abhorred me.


This idea of God being grieved reminds us of the series of admonitions that we read about grieving the Holy Spirit in verse 30 of Ephesians 4:22-32,


That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; {23} And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; {24} And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. {25} Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another. {26} Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: {27} Neither give place to the devil. {28} Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with [his] hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. {29} Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers. {30} And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. {31} Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: {32} And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.


For The Misery [`amal:H5999] Of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]


The last two words that we find in verse 16 are for the misery and of Israel. These two terms only emerge together again in verse 21 of Numbers 23:13-26, which is part of Balaam’s parable; they are rendered as perverseness and in Israel: 


And Balak said unto him [Balaam], Come, I pray thee, with me unto another place, from whence thou mayest see them: thou shalt see but the utmost part of them, and shalt not see them all: and curse me them from thence. {14} And he brought him into the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, and built seven altars, and offered a bullock and a ram on [every] altar. {15} And he said unto Balak, Stand here by thy burnt offering, while I meet [the LORD] yonder. {16} And the LORD met Balaam, and put a word in his mouth, and said, Go again unto Balak, and say thus. {17} And when he came to him, behold, he stood by his burnt offering, and the princes of Moab with him. And Balak said unto him, What hath the LORD spoken? {18} And he took up his parable, and said, Rise up, Balak, and hear; hearken unto me, thou son of Zippor: {19} God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good? {20} Behold, I have received [commandment] to bless: and he hath blessed; and I cannot reverse it. {21} He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness [`amal:H5999] in Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]: the LORD his God [is] with him, and the shout of a king [is] among them. {22} God brought them out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn. {23} Surely [there is] no enchantment against Jacob, neither [is there] any divination against Israel: according to this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, What hath God wrought! {24} Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion: he shall not lie down until he eat [of] the prey, and drink the blood of the slain. {25} And Balak said unto Balaam, Neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all. {26} But Balaam answered and said unto Balak, Told not I thee, saying, All that the LORD speaketh, that I must do?


Let’s now consider verse 17: Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.


We have already considered Then the children of Ammon  as well as the children of Israel in some of our earlier studies in this chapter, along with the verb, were gathered together, as well as the location of Gilead, which God uses at times to either picture the world, as well as the Kingdom of God.  In light of that, let’s examine the remaining terms, and encamped, along with assembled themselves together, and in Mizpeh. 


And Encamped [hana:H2583] 


From verse 17 we understand that both the Ammonites as well as the children of Israel encamped in two different locations; the former in Gilead, and the latter in Mizpeh. We will be visiting Gilead again in verse 18 which will lead us into Chapter 19 as we discover how Jephthah, as the next judge, comes on the scene to deliver Israel. The term, and encamped, or hana is predominantly translated as pitch or encamp, as the following passages demonstrate; it is found frequently in connection with the 42 encampments during the 40-year wilderness sojourn of the children of Israel.


As a matter of fact, in Numbers 9:17-23, it surfaces 5 times in this regard as pitched their tents, abode, or rested: And when the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle, then after that the children of Israel journeyed: and in the place where the cloud abode, there the children of Israel pitched their tents. [hana:H2583] {18} At the commandment of the LORD the children of Israel journeyed, and at the commandment of the LORD they pitched [hana:H2583]: as long as the cloud abode upon the tabernacle they rested in their tents. {19} And when the cloud tarried long upon the tabernacle many days, then the children of Israel kept the charge of the LORD, and journeyed not. {20} And [so] it was, when the cloud was a few days upon the tabernacle; according to the commandment of the LORD they abode [hana:H2583] in their tents, and according to the commandment of the LORD they journeyed. {21} And [so] it was, when the cloud abode from even unto the morning, and [that] the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they journeyed: whether [it was] by day or by night that the cloud was taken up, they journeyed. {22} Or [whether it were] two days, or a month, or a year, that the cloud tarried upon the tabernacle, remaining thereon, the children of Israel abode [hana:H2583] in their tents, and journeyed not: but when it was taken up, they journeyed. {23} At the commandment of the LORD they rested [hana:H2583] in the tents, and at the commandment of the LORD they journeyed: they kept the charge of the LORD, at the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.


Verse 3 of Psalm 27:1-3 includes this expression as should encamp: [[A Psalm] of David.]] The LORD [is] my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD [is] the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? {2} When the wicked, [even] mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell. {3} Though an host should encamp [hana:H2583] against me, my heart shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this [will] I [be] confident.


And verse 7 of Psalm 34:1-7 renders this word as encampeth: [[A Psalm] of David, when he changed his behaviour before Abimelech; who drove him away, and he departed.]] I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise [shall] continually [be] in my mouth. {2} My soul shall make her boast in the LORD: the humble shall hear [thereof], and be glad. {3} O magnify the LORD with me, and let us exalt his name together. {4} I sought the LORD, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears. {5} They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed. {6} This poor man cried, and the LORD heard [him], and saved him out of all his troubles. {7} The angel of the LORD encampeth [hana:H2583] round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.


Verse 12 of Job 19:1-29 is a picture of Christ under the wrath of God ... the foundation of the world; this word is expressed as me and encamp: 


Then Job answered and said, {2} How long will ye vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words? {3} These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed [that] ye make yourselves strange to me. {4} And be it indeed [that] I have erred, mine error remaineth with myself. {5} If indeed ye will magnify [yourselves] against me, and plead against me my reproach: {6} Know now that God hath overthrown me, and hath compassed me with his net. {7} Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but [there is] no judgment. {8} He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my paths. {9} He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown [from] my head. {10} He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone: and mine hope hath he removed like a tree. {11} He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as [one of] his enemies. {12} His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp [hana:H2583] round about my tabernacle. {13} He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. {14} My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends have forgotten me. {15} They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien in their sight. {16} I called my servant, and he gave [me] no answer; I intreated him with my mouth. {17} My breath is strange to my wife, though I intreated for the children's [sake] of mine own body. {18} Yea, young children despised me; I arose, and they spake against me. {19} All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me. {20} My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth. {21} Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O ye my friends; for the hand of God hath touched me. {22} Why do ye persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh? {23} Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book! {24} That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever! {25} For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth: {26} And [though] after my skin [worms] destroy this [body], yet in my flesh shall I see God: {27} Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; [though] my reins be consumed within me. {28} But ye should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me? {29} Be ye afraid of the sword: for wrath [bringeth] the punishments of the sword, that ye may know [there is] a judgment.


On that solemn note, we have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next lesson, we will address the remaining words in verse 17.

Judges 10 - Part 22

 August 25, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 22 and today’s date is August 25, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


Today we want to investigate two remaining terms in verse 17, assembled themselves together, and in Mizpeh:


Assembled Themselves Together [’acaph:H622] [ah-saaf]


This is another interesting word in that it has quite a few different shades of meaning as we will discover. 


From time to time we find this expression utilized when somebody died such as one of the patriarchs or Aaron the High Priest, some of the kings, and even Ishmael as the subsequent Scriptures maintain:


Genesis 25:8 and 17, Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full [of years]; and was gathered [’acaph:H622] to his people. ... {17} And these [are] the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered [’acaph:H622] unto his people.


Curiously, it is also employed in the account of Naaman the Syrian, (a picture of the Gospel going to the Gentiles as well as to the Jews) in which it is translated recover four times: 


2 Kings 5:3, 6-7, and 11 teach: And she said unto her mistress, Would God my lord [were] with the prophet that [is] in Samaria! for he would recover [’acaph:H622] him of his leprosy. ... {6} And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, Now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have [therewith] sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover [’acaph:H622] him of his leprosy. {7} And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, [Am] I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover [’acaph:H622] a man of his leprosy? wherefore consider, I pray you, and see how he seeketh a quarrel against me. ... {11} But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the LORD his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover [’acaph:H622] the leper.


Similarly, Joshua 2:18 translates this as and thou shalt bring: Behold, [when] we come into the land, thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which thou didst let us down by: and thou shalt bring [’acaph:H622] thy father, and thy mother, and thy brethren, and all thy father's household, home unto thee.


Here are some more illustrations of how God implements this term, which is very relevant to our day:


Genesis 30:23 records Rachel’s words, under divine inspiration: And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away [’acaph:H622] my reproach:


On the other hand, Deuteronomy 11:14 symbolizes the two outpourings of the Holy Spirit, namely, the Pentecostal rain (when the church age began) and the Latter Rain (that worldwide campaign to reach the last of the nations of the elect); this word is rendered that thou mayest gather:


That I will give [you] the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather [’acaph:H622] in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil.


By contrast, Joshua 6:13 expresses this as them; but the rereward; incidentally, the encircling of Jericho 13 times points to the time of the end, which began in 1988, which was the 13,000th anniversary of Creation, and the start of the Great Tribulation:  


And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rereward [’acaph:H622] came after the ark of the LORD, [the priests] going on, and blowing with the trumpets.


Psalm 27:10 translates this as will take me up: When my father and my mother forsake me, then the LORD will take me up. [’acaph:H622]


Psalm 50:5 speaks  parabolically of the Sacrifice of the Lord Jesus for the sins of His people at...the foundation of the world; this word is rendered Gather: Gather [’acaph:H622] my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.


Isaiah 60:20 also speaks of our present “day” of judgment, and juxtaposes that with the eternal “day” that God’s saints will enjoy throughout eternity; this term is expressed here as withdraw: 


Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw [’acaph:H622] itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.


These next citations also confirm our present understanding of this current time:


Joel 2:10 likewise includes this word shall withdraw: The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw [’acaph:H622] their shining:


And Joel 3:15 repeats this as well: The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw [’acaph:H622] their shining.


Micah 2:12 repeats this for emphasis, and highlights all of God’s elect that have been assembled into His incomparable sheepfold:  I will surely [’acaph:H622] assemble, [’acaph:H622] O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise by reason of [the multitude of] men.


Zephaniah 1:1-18 continues the same theme of the “day” of judgment: I will utterly [’acaph:H622] consume all [things] from off the land, saith the LORD. {3} I will consume man and beast; I will consume the fowls of the heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the stumblingblocks with the wicked; and I will cut off man from off the land, saith the LORD. {4} I will also stretch out mine hand upon Judah, and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, [and] the name of the Chemarims with the priests; {5} And them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship [and] that swear by the LORD, and that swear by Malcham; {6} And them that are turned back from the LORD; and [those] that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him. {7} Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD [is] at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests. {8} And it shall come to pass in the day of the LORD'S sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel. {9} In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, which fill their masters' houses with violence and deceit. {10} And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD, [that there shall be] the noise of a cry from the fish gate, and an howling from the second, and a great crashing from the hills. {11} Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off. {12} And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil. {13} Therefore their goods shall become a booty, and their houses a desolation: they shall also build houses, but not inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, but not drink the wine thereof. {14} The great day of the LORD [is] near, [it is] near, and hasteth greatly, [even] the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. {15} That day [is] a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, {16} A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. {17} And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung. {18} Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.


Verse 18 of Zephaniah 3:1-20 also renders this as I will gather: Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city! {2} She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God. {3} Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow. {4} Her prophets [are] light [and] treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law. {5} The just LORD [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame. {6} I have cut off the nations: their towers are desolate; I made their streets waste, that none passeth by: their cities are destroyed, so that there is no man, that there is none inhabitant. {7} I said, Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive instruction; so their dwelling should not be cut off, howsoever I punished them: but they rose early, [and] corrupted all their doings. {8} Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination [is] to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, [even] all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy. {9} For then will I turn to the people a pure language, that they may all call upon the name of the LORD, to serve him with one consent. {10} From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, [even] the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering. {11} In that day shalt thou not be ashamed for all thy doings, wherein thou hast transgressed against me: for then I will take away out of the midst of thee them that rejoice in thy pride, and thou shalt no more be haughty because of my holy mountain. {12} I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD. {13} The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make [them] afraid. {14} Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. {15} The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, [even] the LORD, [is] in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. {16} In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: [and to] Zion, Let not thine hands be slack. {17} The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing. {18} I will gather [’acaph:H622]  [them that are] sorrowful for the solemn assembly, [who] are of thee, [to whom] the reproach of it [was] a burden. {19} Behold, at that time I will undo all that afflict thee: and I will save her that halteth, and gather her that was driven out; and I will get them praise and fame in every land where they have been put to shame. {20} At that time will I bring you [again], even in the time that I gather you: for I will make you a name and a praise among all people of the earth, when I turn back your captivity before your eyes, saith the LORD.


Well, let’s now turn our attention to Mizpeh, which is where the children of Israel ...assembled themselves together and encamped...:


In Mizpeh [Mitspah:H4709] [mitz-pah]

Mizpeh means watchtower and is derived from H4707 (which is identically spelled, except for the vowel pointings). We first encounter Mizpeh as the location where Laban and Jacob make a covenant together in verse 49 of Genesis 31:43-55,


And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, [These] daughters [are] my daughters, and [these] children [are] my children, and [these] cattle [are] my cattle, and all that thou seest [is] mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? {44} Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee. {45} And Jacob took a stone, and set it up [for] a pillar. {46} And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat there upon the heap. {47} And Laban called it Jegarsahadutha: but Jacob called it Galeed. {48} And Laban said, This heap [is] a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed; {49} And Mizpah [Mitspah:H4709]; for he said, The LORD watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another. {50} If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take [other] wives beside my daughters, no man [is] with us; see, God [is] witness betwixt me and thee. {51} And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and behold [this] pillar, which I have cast betwixt me and thee; {52} This heap [be] witness, and [this] pillar [be] witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm. {53} The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac. {54} Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount. {55} And early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his sons and his daughters, and blessed them: and Laban departed, and returned unto his place. 


The Watchtower [mitspeh:H4707] [mits-peh]


The term watchtower surfaces in two other extremely significant references that have to do with our present “day” of judgment. The first one is in verse 24 of  2 Chronicles 1-30 concerning the battle in the valley of Jehoshaphat, as three enemy armies that came against Judah wind up killing each other, as we noted in the battle between Gideon’s 300 men and the combined armies of the Amalekites, Midianites, and the children of the east. 


It came to pass after this also, [that] the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them [other] beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle. {2} Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they [be] in Hazazontamar, which [is] Engedi. {3} And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. {4} And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask [help] of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD. {5} And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court, {6} And said, O LORD God of our fathers, [art] not thou God in heaven? and rulest [not] thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand [is there not] power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee? {7} [Art] not thou our God, [who] didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever? {8} And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying, {9} If, [when] evil cometh upon us, [as] the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name [is] in this house,) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. {10} And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not; {11} Behold, [I say, how] they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit. {12} O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes [are] upon thee. {13} And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children. {14} Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation; {15} And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle [is] not yours, but God's. {16} To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel. {17} Ye shall not [need] to fight in this [battle]: set yourselves, stand ye [still], and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD [will be] with you. {18} And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with [his] face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD. {19} And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high. {20} And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. {21} And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever. {22} And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten. {23} For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy [them]: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another. {24} And when Judah came toward the watch tower [mitspeh:H4707] in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they [were] dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. {25} And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much. {26} And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day. {27} Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies. {28} And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of the LORD. {29} And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of [those] countries, when they had heard that the LORD fought against the enemies of Israel. {30} So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about.


Lord willing, in our next study, we will move on to verse 18, the last verse in this chapter.

Judges 10 - Part 23

 August 27, 2021


Good evening, and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This will be Judges 10 - Part 23 and today’s date is August 27, 2021. I’ll read from Judges 10:12-18,


The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand. {13} Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more. {14} Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation. {15} And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day. {16} And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel. {17} Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. {18} And the people [and] princes of Gilead said one to another, What man [is he] that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.


We have arrived at the final verse in this chapter, which as I mentioned in our previous study, is going to lead into the historical parable regarding the next judge, who is Jephthah the Gileadite, spanning chapters 11 and 12. We see that in the historical context, the inhabitants of Gilead were quite concerned about the presence of the Ammonites, who were encamped in their territory that belonged to the half-tribe of Manasseh. Spiritually we recall that the Ammonites and the Moabites picture God’s judgment that began at His own house first for their incestuous spiritual fornication; they were descended from the daughters of Lot, as Genesis 19:31-38 records:


And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father [is] old, and [there is] not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: {32} Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. {33} And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. {34} And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, [and] lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. {35} And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. {36} Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. {37} And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same [is] the father of the Moabites unto this day. {38} And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same [is] the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.


Let’s consider the first two words, and the people along with and princes:


And The People [`am:H5971] And Princes [sar:H8269]


Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, counselled his son-in-law with these wise words under divine inspiration in verses 21 and 25 of Exodus 18:17-25, 


And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest [is] not good. {18} Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that [is] with thee: for this thing [is] too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone. {19} Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: {20} And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do. {21} Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people [`am:H5971] able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [such] over them, [to be] rulers [sar:H8269]  of thousands, [and] rulers [sar:H8269] of hundreds, rulers [sar:H8269] of fifties, and rulers [sar:H8269] of tens: {22} And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, [that] every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear [the burden] with thee. {23} If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee [so], then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace. {24} So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. {25} And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people [`am:H5971], rulers [sar:H8269]  of thousands, rulers [sar:H8269]   of hundreds, rulers [sar:H8269] of fifties, and rulers [sar:H8269] of tens.


Daniel 12:1 utilizes these terms by spiritually typifying Michael the great Prince - Who is Christ - and His elect Bride: And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince [sar:H8269] which standeth for the children of thy people [`am:H5971]: and there shall be a time of trouble [i.e. The Great Tribulation], such as never was since there was a nation [even] to that same time: and at that time thy people [`am:H5971] shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.


Said [’amar:H559] One [’iysh:H376] To Another [rea`:H7453]


The three terms, said one to another, that the princes and people of Gilead were enquiring among themselves, occur together in 22 other passages, and we will examine two of them:


Actually,  we ran across these three terms in our previous study with respect to Mizpeh and the covenant that Laban and Jacob made together there in Genesis 31:49,


And Mizpah; for he said [’amar:H559], The LORD watch between me and thee, when we are absent one [’iysh:H376] from another.  [rea`:H7453]


Verse 6 of Isaiah 41:1-29 presents this solemn declaration regarding God the Son in the first instance, and secondly His saints:  Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew [their] strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment. {2} Who raised up the righteous [man] from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made [him] rule over kings? he gave [them] as the dust to his sword, [and] as driven stubble to his bow. {3} He pursued them, [and] passed safely; [even] by the way [that] he had not gone with his feet. {4} Who hath wrought and done [it], calling the generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the last; I [am] he. {5} The isles saw [it], and feared; the ends of the earth were afraid, drew near, and came. {6} They helped every one [’iysh:H376] his neighbour [rea`:H7453]; and [every one] said [’amar:H559] to his brother, Be of good courage. {7} So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, [and] he that smootheth [with] the hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, It [is] ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, [that] it should not be moved. {8} But thou, Israel, [art] my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend. {9} [Thou] whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou [art] my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away. {10} Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness. {11} Behold, all they that were incensed against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: they shall be as nothing; and they that strive with thee shall perish. {12} Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, [even] them that contended with thee: they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought. {13} For I the LORD thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee. {14} Fear not, thou worm Jacob, [and] ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. {15} Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff. {16} Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel. {17} [When] the poor and needy seek water, and [there is] none, [and] their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them. {18} I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water. {19} I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree, [and] the pine, and the box tree together: {20} That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it. {21} Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong [reasons], saith the King of Jacob. {22} Let them bring [them] forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they [be], that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come. {23} Shew the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye [are] gods: yea, do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold [it] together. {24} Behold, ye [are] of nothing, and your work of nought: an abomination [is he that] chooseth you. {25} I have raised up [one] from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as [upon] morter, and as the potter treadeth clay. {26} Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, [He is] righteous? yea, [there is] none that sheweth, yea, [there is] none that declareth, yea, [there is] none that heareth your words. {27} The first [shall say] to Zion, Behold, behold them: and I will give to Jerusalem one that bringeth good tidings. {28} For I beheld, and [there was] no man; even among them, and [there was] no counsellor, that, when I asked of them, could answer a word. {29} Behold, they [are] all vanity; their works [are] nothing: their molten images [are] wind and confusion.


The next two expressions begin and to fight only surface in this citation, so we will have to consider them separately:


Begin [chalal:H2490]


This word is included four times as begin in Deuteronomy 2:24-25, and 31 as God promised to to give the land of Canaan (picturing the Kingdom of God spiritually) to Israel: 


Rise ye up, take your journey, and pass over the river Arnon: behold, I have given into thine hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land: begin [chalal:H2490] to possess [it], and contend with him in battle. {25} This day will I begin [chalal:H2490] to put the dread of thee and the fear of thee upon the nations [that are] under the whole heaven, who shall hear report of thee, and shall tremble, and be in anguish because of thee. ... {31} And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have begun [chalal:H2490] to give Sihon and his land before thee: begin [chalal:H2490] to possess, that thou mayest inherit his land.



We also see this term utilized with respect to Joshua (a great type of the Savior) in Joshua 3:7, And the LORD said unto Joshua, This day will I begin [chalal:H2490] to magnify thee in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that, as I was with Moses, [so] I will be with thee.


Lord permitting, when we get to Judges 13 and 16 we will encounter this word again in relationship to Judge Samson:


Judges 13:5 and 25 maintain: For, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin [chalal:H2490] to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines…{25} And the Spirit of the LORD began [chalal:H2490] to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.


And Judges 16:19 and 22 reveal: And she made him sleep upon her knees; and she called for a man, and she caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head; and she began [chalal:H2490] to afflict him, and his strength went from him…{22} Howbeit the hair of his head began [chalal:H2490] to grow again after he was shaven.


However in Isaiah 51:9 it is rendered as [and] wounded referring to God’s victory over Satan the dragon: Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. [Art] thou not it that hath cut Rahab, [and] wounded [chalal:H2490] the dragon?


The same word, [was] wounded is also found in  Isaiah 53:5 in connection to the Savior’s sacrifice for His people at... the foundation of the world:  But he [was] wounded [chalal:H2490] for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.


The following three references concern God’s judgment that began at His own house first:


1 Samuel 3:12 is part of a larger historical parable that highlights this same theme: In that day I will perform against Eli all [things] which I have spoken concerning his house: when I begin, [chalal:H2490] I will also make an end.


And Jeremiah 25:29 is one of the Old Testament counterparts to 1 Peter 4:17, For, lo, I begin [chalal:H2490] to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.


Ezekiel 9:6 includes this word begin/began twice: Slay utterly old [and] young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom [is] the mark; and begin [chalal:H2490] at my sanctuary. Then they began [chalal:H2490] at the ancient men which [were] before the house.


We have already considered the expression to fight along with the children of Ammon in some of our earlier studies, so we want to examine the next two terms, head and inhabitants.


Head [rosh:H7218] & Inhabitants [yashab:H3427] 


These two expressions emerge in 17 other passages, and we can consider a few of them in the time we have remaining.


Judges 11:8 answers the question that is raised in Judges 10:18, And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to thee now, that thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of Ammon, and be our head [rosh:H7218] over all the inhabitants [yashab:H3427] of Gilead.


Verse 8 of 2 Samuel 23:8-12 presents the chief of David’s three mighty men; these words are translated as that sat and chief: These [be] the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat [yashab:H3427] in the seat, chief [rosh:H7218] among the captains; the same [was] Adino the Eznite: [he lift up his spear] against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. {9} And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: {10}  He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil. {11} And after him [was] Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentils: and the people fled from the Philistines. {12} But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.


2 Kings 1:9 records the first of three captains of fifty that attempted to apprehend Elisha: Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: and, behold, he sat [yashab:H3427] on the top [rosh:H7218] of an hill. And he spake unto him, Thou man of God, the king hath said, Come down.


Verse 3 of Ezra 9:1-4 contains these two terms as well:  Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, [doing] according to their abominations, [even] of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites. {2} For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of [those] lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass. {3} And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head [ro’sh:H7218] and of my beard, and sat down [yashab:H3427] astonied. {4} Then were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the transgression of those that had been carried away; and I sat astonied until the evening sacrifice.



Verse 25 of Job 29:1-25 includes these words as and sat along with chief, in this historical parable in which Job typifies the Lord Jesus when He was not under the wrath of God:  I chose out their way, and sat [yashab:H3427] chief [ro’sh:H7218], and dwelt as a king in the army, as one [that] comforteth the mourners. 


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will begin Chapter 11.