Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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JUDGES 2 - PART 1

June 29, 2016


Welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 1 in chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 1-7,


“And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you. {2} And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my voice: why have ye done this? {3} Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be [as thorns] in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you. {4} And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice, and wept. {5} And they called the name of that place Bochim: and they sacrificed there unto the LORD. {6} And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land. {7} And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that he did for Israel.”


The Warning Of Judges 2:1-7 


God very directly confronts national Israel with their sin of disobedience in verses 1-3, reminding them that He was the One Who delivered them out of Egypt (a picture of slavery to sin and the kingdom of Satan), and brought them into the Promised Land (Canaan) - a picture of the kingdom of God. Notice the terminology God employs in verse 1: “And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim…” God seems to be underscoring the doctrine of deliverance by also mentioning Gilgal; He also defines Gilgal (the first encampment once the Israelites crossed the Jordan River, prior to the attack on Jericho) in Jos 5:9,


“And the LORD said unto Joshua, This day have I rolled away [galal:H1556] the reproach of Egypt from off you. Wherefore the name of the place is called Gilgal [Gilgal:H1537] unto this day.”


Incidentally, the definition of Gilgal in this citation -  “have I rolled away” (galal:H1556) -  is actually the “great-grandparent” word of Gilgal.


Why Have You Done This?


The question that God poses to national Israel in Jud 2:2b, “...why have you done this...”? 

reminds one of the question He posed to Adam in Gen 3:11b, 


“...Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?” 


God previously had warned Adam in Gen 2:17,


“But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”


In similar fashion, God had previously admonished Israel that their failure to carry out His express commands would incur the following consequences, as descibed in Jud 2:3,


“Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be [as thorns] in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.”


This judgment is repeated in the following passages, which we have discussed at length in our earlier studies, but they are worth repeating:


Exo 23:27-33 reveals, “I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will make all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee. {28} And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee. {29} I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee. {30} By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land. {31} And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee. {32} Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. {33} They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare [mowqesh:H4170] unto thee.”


Num 33:50-56 likewise states: “And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho, saying, {51} Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan; {52} Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places: {53} And ye shall dispossess [the inhabitants] of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess it. {54} And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: [and] to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man's [inheritance] shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit. {55} But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them [shall be] pricks [sek:H7899] in your eyes, and thorns [tsaniyn:H6796] in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell. {56} Moreover it shall come to pass, [that] I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.”


Jos 23:2-13 further  adds, “And Joshua called for all Israel, [and] for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old [and] stricken in age: {3} And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations because of you; for the LORD your God [is] he that hath fought for you. {4} Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward. {5} And the LORD your God, he shall expel them from before you, and drive them from out of your sight; and ye shall possess their land, as the LORD your God hath promised unto you. {6} Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not aside therefrom [to] the right hand or [to] the left; {7} That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear [by them], neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them: {8} But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day. {9} For the LORD hath driven out from before you great nations and strong: but [as for] you, no man hath been able to stand before you unto this day. {10} One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he [it is] that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you. {11} Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God. {12} Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, [even] these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you: {13} Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out [any of] these nations from before you; but they shall be snares [pach:H6341] and traps [mowqesh:H4170] unto you, and scourges [shotet:H7850] in your sides, and thorns [tsaniyn:H6796] in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.”



Judges 2:8-10


We then read the following in verses 8-10 of Judges, chapter 2:


“And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, [being] an hundred and ten years old. {9} And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathheres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash. {10} And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.”


These verses are almost identical to what we read in Jos 24:29-31, 


“And it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, [being] an hundred and ten years old. {30} And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathserah, which [is] in mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash. {31} And Israel served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that overlived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the LORD, that he had done for Israel.”


In fact verse 31 is almost the same as Jud 2:7,


“And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that he did for Israel.”


In considering the repetition of these historical events, I was reminded of the generation that left Egypt during the time of the Exodus, and the ensuing 40 years in the wilderness, and how that parallels our own day. Do you recall what God says in Heb 3:7-19 and Heb 4:1-2, which ties directly into our present “day of Judgment,” in which God continues testing those who profess Christ (outside of the churches and denominations) to see whether they are indeed “...gold, silver, precious stones…” (1 Cor 3:12)


“Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. {10} Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways. {11} So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) {12} Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. {13} But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. {14} For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end; {15} While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. {16} For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. {17} But with whom was he grieved forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? {18} And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? {19} So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.{4:1} Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].” 


Lord willing, we will continue our examination of Judges 2 in our next study.  

JUDGES 2 - PART 2

July 1, 2016


Good evening and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 2 in chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 10-13


“And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel. {11} And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim: {12} And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that [were] round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger. {13} And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.


Another Generation...Which Knew Not The LORD


In this passage God points out that a new generation of Israelites came on the scene who did not know the LORD nor His great works which He had accomplished on behalf of His coporate people. As a result, we are not surprised to find the following statements repeated in this passage: “...the children of Israel did evil...and served Baalim... they forsook the LORD God of their fathers... and followed other gods, of the gods of the people...and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger... they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.”


The Children Of Israel Did Evil...


The phrase, “...the children [ben:H1121] of Israel [Yisra’el:H3478] did [`asah:H6213] evil [ra`:H7451] - which is comprised of four words - first occurs in Jud 2:1, and is found seven other times in the Book of Judges - with the exception of Jud 11:27, in which Jephthah is remonstrating with king of the children of Ammon for picking a quarrel with Israel. Incidentally, the word, “evil” (ra`:H7451) surfaces in Gen 2:9 in a verse which will be familiar to many:


“And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.” [ra`:H7451]  


As I have repeated over and over again this phrase underscores the first element in the cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest, which characterizes the Book of Judges


And Served Baalim


Israel’s rebellion is further accentuated by the two word phrase: “...and served [`abad:H5647] Baalim [Ba`al:H1168]…”


In our last study, I re-read three different acccounts - in Exodus 23, Numbers 33 , and Joshua 23 - in which God warned Israel what He expected of them once they entered the Promised Land (Canaan), which typifies the Kingdom of God, as well as its outward expression on earth - Israel, in the first instance, and secondly, the New Testament churches and denominations. In Exo 23:24 and 33 God utilizes this same word “and served” (`abad:H5647) in Judges 2:11, as He stipulated what He wanted His corporate people to do, and what would happen if they didn’t:


“Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve [`abad:H5647] them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images. ... {33} They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve [`abad:H5647] their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.”


In Mal 3:7, 14, and 16-18 God levels His indictment against the nation of Israel thoughout their history (who symbolically represent the churches and denominations) and at the same time highlights those who make up the eternal church of God, which He purchased by His atonement from the foundation of the world: 


“Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept [them]. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye said, Wherein shall we return? ... {14} Ye have said, It [is] vain to serve [`abad:H5647]   God: and what profit [is it] that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts? ... {16} Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name. {17} And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth [`abad:H5647]  him. {18} Then shall ye return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth [`abad:H5647] God and him that serveth [`abad:H5647]  him not.”


“Baalim” 


The term, “Baalim” (Ba`al:H1168) was a false Canaanite deity; it is translated as “Ba`al” 62 times or “Baalim,” 18 times and signifies “lord.” Starting here in Jud 2:11 and 13, it crops up in the Book of Judges 9 other times - half of which are found in connection with Gideon in Judges 6 as we shall encounter. There are some other long accounts such as Elijah’s encounter with the 450 prophets of Baal on Mt. Carmel in 1 Kin 18, and the destruction of the temple of Baal by Jehu in 2 Chr 10. Here are some notable illustrations from the Book of Jeremiah:


In Jer 2:8 we learn:  “The priests said not, Where [is] the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal, [ba`al:H1168] and walked after [things that] do not profit.”


Jer 11:13 also adds,  “For [according to] the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and [according to] the number of the streets of Jerusalem have ye set up altars to [that] shameful thing, [even] altars to burn incense unto Baal.” [ba`al:H1168]


One of the most reprehensible aspects of Baal worship was the practice of human sacrifice - children in particular - which spiritually underscores the concept that those who remained in the churches and denominations after May 21, 1988 were unwittingly placing their children in an environment where Satan was being worshipped, and was ruling with complete authority. (Isa 14: 13-14 and 2 The 2:3-4); sadly they disbelieved God’s Word that the Holy Spirit was still operating in that formerly divine organism, and as a result were indeed sacrificing the spirtual welfare of their own flesh and blood to the Devil.  Bear in mind that God ended His usage of all churches and denominations on May 21, 1988 at the start of the 23-year Great Tribulation according to hundreds of passages and entire books of the Bible (as Jeremiah), as 1 Pet 4:17 and its Old Testament counterpart Jer 25:17-18, and 29 adamantly discloses: 


“For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?”


“Then took I the cup at the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me: {18} [To wit], Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as [it is] this day; ... {29} For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.”

 

 Incidentally, the root word for Baalim is  (ba`al:H1167), which is spelled the same way, and is rendered in a variety of ways: man (25x), owner (14x), husband(11x), have (7x),master (5x), man given(2x), adversary (1x),archers(1x),babbler” (with H3956) (1x), bird” (with H3671) (1x), captain (1x), “confederate” (with H1285) (1x), and 12 other miscellaneous words. In turn, “Baalim” also has a “grandparent” word  - (ba`al:H1166) - which is also spelled the same, and is employed 16 times as: marry (8x), husband(3x),dominion (2x), wife(1x),married wife(1x),Beulah(1x). We have correctly understood that God was married to national Israel as Jer 31:31-32 affirms, in which this grandparent word is rendered, “although I was an husband”:  


“Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: {32} Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day [that] I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband [ba`al:H1166] unto them, saith the LORD:”


Two Very Different Husbands (Lords)


In lieu of this statement, Rom 7:1-4 explains that all the unsaved - regardless if they were from national Israel or the New Testament churches and denominations, or involved in any other religion, or were atheists, one fact remains very clear: they all, whther they like it or not, or believe it or not, all are inextricably married to the Bible - as the Law of God - and its provisions, according to Rom 7:1-4,


“Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? {2} For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to [her] husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of [her] husband. {3} So then if, while [her] husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man. {4} Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, [even] to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.”


If a person remains married to the Law of God, they must suffer the comsequences of breaking that law - which is the “grave” or “annihilation” (the true significance of “hell”) as Jam 2:10 and Rom 6:23a assert:


“For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one [point], he is guilty of all.


“For the wages of sin [is] death…” 


However for one who has been redeemed, he is no longer married to the Law of God, but has entered into a new marriage relationship (which God initaited) with the Lord Jesus Christ, since his former husband (the Law of God) has “died” in the sense that this individual is no longer accountable to it or guity by transgressing it, as these next citations reveal:


Isa 54:5 acknowledges, “For thy Maker [is] thine husband; [ba`al:H1166] the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.”


Likewise Isa 62:5 adds, “For [as] a young man marrieth [ba`al:H1166] a virgin, [so] shall thy sons marry [ba`al:H1166] thee: and [as] the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, [so] shall thy God rejoice over thee.”


Well, it looks like we’ve come to the end of today’s study. Lord willing, we will continue the rest of our examination of Judges 2 next time.



JUDGES 2 - PART 3

July 4, 2016



Good evening and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 3 of chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 14-16,


“And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies. {15} Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed. {16} Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.”


And The Anger Of The LORD Was Hot


Verses 14-15 express God’s anger against national Israel for forsaking Him, and following after, bowing down to, and serving the false gods of Baalim and Ashtoreth. This phrase, “And the anger of the LORD was hot…” can be found in 34 citations throughout the Old Testament - five of which appear in the Book of Judges; in this chapter the other reference besides verse 14, is verse 20 which states:


And the anger [’aph:H639] of the LORD [ Yehovah:H3068] was hot [charah:H2734] against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice;”


This phrase is found most often in connection with national Israel, as this verse affirms, however it is also directed to specific individuals such as: Moses, Aaron and Miriam, Aachan, Uzza, Baalam, king Manasseh, king Amaziah, and Job’s three “friends.” When we consider that God is described as a “consuming fire” in Heb 12:29 we see the connection of why His anger is “hot,” since He is incensed with sin. In fact, God is holy, and thus He perfectly fulfills His own law, such as the command in Eph 4:26a: “Be ye angry, and sin not...”  


And He Delivered Them Into The Hands Of Spoilers


The next phrase we encounter is: “...and he delivered [nathan:H5414] them into the hands [yad:H3027] of spoilers [shacah:H8154]…” which is also comprised of three Hebrew words and is a very significant statement which underscores the second element in the cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest that we find woven throughout the book of Judges. Even though this exact phrase is only found in 2 Kin 17:20, this punishment surfaces time and time again; I’ll read verse 7-20 for the sake of the context, as it highlights the history of Israel’s rebellion:


“For [so] it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, {8} And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made. {9} And the children of Israel did secretly [those] things that [were] not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. {10} And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree: {11} And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as [did] the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger: {12} For they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing. {13} Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, [and by] all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments [and] my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. {14} Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God. {15} And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that [were] round about them, [concerning] whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them. {16} And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. {17} And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger. {18} Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. {19} Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. {20} And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered [nathan:H5414] them into the hand [yad:H3027] of spoilers, [shacah:H8154] until he had cast them out of his sight.” 


He Sold Them Into The Hands Of Their Enemies Round About, So That They Could Not Any Longer Stand Before Their Enemies 


We also read in Jud 2:14b, “...he [God] sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.” This is in stark contrast when compared with Jos 21:44, highlighting God’s blessings on obedience, and His judgment on disobedience, as we will continue to see - not only here in the Book of Judges - but throughout the entire Bible:


“And the LORD gave them rest round about, according to all that he sware unto their fathers: and there stood not a man of all their enemies before them; the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hand.”


The Hand Of The LORD Was Against Them For Evil


In Jud 2:15 this frightening declaration appears: “...the hand [yad:H3027] of the LORD 

[Yehovah:H3068]  was against them for evil [ra`:H7451]…” These same three Hebrew words also surface in these next verses, which are directed to Israel and Judah in the historical context, but spiritually, the New Testament churches and denominations are in view: Jer 21:10, 25:7, and 32:30; I’ll read their immediate contexts which corroborate the end of the church age - typified by Judah and Jerusalem (the southern kingdom - defeated by the Babylonians in 609 BC) and Israel (the northern kingdom - overthrown by the Assyrians in 709 BC), as Mr. Camping correctly asserted while laboring with The Biblical Calendar of History. 


Jer 21:1-10 records God’s directive to Judah and Jerusalem: “The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when king Zedekiah sent unto him Pashur the son of Melchiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, saying, {2} Enquire, I pray thee, of the LORD for us; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon maketh war against us; if so be that the LORD will deal with us according to all his wondrous works, that he may go up from us. {3} Then said Jeremiah unto them, Thus shall ye say to Zedekiah: {4} Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that [are] in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and [against] the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city. {5} And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath. {6} And I will smite the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast: they shall die of a great pestilence. {7} And afterward, saith the LORD, I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah, and his servants, and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence, from the sword, and from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor have mercy. {8} And unto this people thou shalt say, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death. {9} He that abideth in this city shall die by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth out, and falleth to the Chaldeans that besiege you, he shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey. {10} For I have set my face against this city for evil [ra`:H7451], and not for good, saith the LORD [Yehovah:H3068]: it shall be given into the hand [yad:H3027] of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire.”


Similarly, verse 7 of Jer 25:1-11 repeats this same theme of judgment: “The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that [was] the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; {2} The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, {3} From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that [is] the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened. {4} And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them]; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear. {5} They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever: {6} And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt. {7} Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands [yad:H3027]  to your own hurt. [ra`:H7451] {8} Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words, {9} Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations. {10} Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle. {11} And this whole land shall be a desolation, [and] an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.”


Verse 30 of Jer 32:28-36 adds, “Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it: {29} And the Chaldeans, that fight against this city, shall come and set fire on this city, and burn it with the houses, upon whose roofs they have offered incense unto Baal, and poured out drink offerings unto other gods, to provoke me to anger. {30} For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil [ra`:H7451] before me from their youth: for the children of Israel have only provoked me to anger with the work of their hands, [yad:H3027]  saith the LORD. [Yehovah:H3068] {31} For this city hath been to me [as] a provocation of mine anger and of my fury from the day that they built it even unto this day; that I should remove it from before my face, {32} Because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke me to anger, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. {33} And they have turned unto me the back, and not the face: though I taught them, rising up early and teaching [them], yet they have not hearkened to receive instruction. {34} But they set their abominations in the house, which is called by my name, to defile it. {35} And they built the high places of Baal, which [are] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through [the fire] unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin. {36} And now therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say, It shall be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence;”


Judges 2:17-18


Judges 2:17-18 encapsulate the cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest in the Book of Judges:


“And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; [but] they did not so. {18} And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.”


Lord willing, in our next study we’ll examine these key passages in greater detail.

JUDGES 2 - PART 4

August 1, 2016


Good evening and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 4 of chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 17-20,


And yet they would not hearken [shama`:H8085] unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; [but] they did not so. {18} And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them. {19} And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, [that] they returned, and corrupted [themselves] more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way. {20} And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened [shama`:H8085] unto my voice;”


As I mentioned at the close of our previous study, these verses really embody the theme of the Book of Judges - this cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest. 


Failure To Listen (i.e., “Obey”)


Rebellion against God’s Word (or Law) manifests itself in many ways, but at its root, is the definition of sin, according to 1 John 3:4,


“Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.” 


This can be seen as early as Gen 3:8-11,in which the word, “And yet they would not hearken” (shama`:H8085) in Jud 2:17 (along with verse 2 and 20) is rendered “And they heard” in verse 8, and “I heard” in verse 10:


And they heard [shama`:H8085] the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. {9} And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where [art] thou? {10} And he said, I heard [shama`:H8085] thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I [was] naked; and I hid myself. {11} And he said, Who told thee that thou [wast] naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?”


In fact, in Exo 19:5 and 23:21-22, this same word, “And they would not hearken” in Jud 2:17 is translated as “Now therefore if ye will obey indeed,” “him, and obey,” and “But if thou shalt obey indeed.” So, this Hebrew term (shama`:H8085) carries the connotation of not just “hearing” with one’s physical ears, but more importantly to actually follow through with obedience,


Now therefore, if ye will obey [shama`:H8085] my voice indeed, [shama`:H8085] and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: ...{23:21} Beware of him, and obey [shama`:H8085] his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name [is] in him. {22} But if thou shalt indeed [shama`:H8085] obey [shama`:H8085] his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.”


Incidentally, shama`(H8085) is found 1159 times in the Old Testament; it has many different shades of meaning: hear (785x), hearken(196x), obey” (81x), publish(17x), understand(9x), obedient” (8x), diligently(8x), shew(6x), sound(3x), declare (3x), discern (2x), noise(2x),perceive (2x), tell (2x), reported (2x), and 33 others miscellaneous renditions - hence it qualifies as being “pregnant” with meaning! Here are some other examples:


Notice how God associates “obedience” with “love” in verse 20 of Deu 30:19-20, “I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, [that] I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: {20} That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey [shama`:H8085] his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.”


The principle that “Biblical love = obedience” is also found numerous times in the New Testament, as John 14:15 affirms, “If ye love me, keep my commandments.” Let me also hasten to add that our obedience is never a basis for salvation - which is entirely dependent upon the Work and Faith of the Lord Jesus Christ. Our obedience to God’s Word is a result of God’s redemption, not the cause.


In Ecc 12:13, this word is rendered as “Let us hear;” please note the correlation between “let us hear” and “keep his commandments” again: Let us hear [shama`:H8085] the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.”

In Isa 6:9-10 (which is quoted frequently in the New Testament), God discloses how He prevents the non-elect from being saved:  “And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear [shama`:H8085] ye indeed, [shama`:H8085] but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. 10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear [shama`:H8085] with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.”


One last passage to consider is Zep 3:1-4, “Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city! {2} She obeyed [shama`:H8085] not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God. {3} Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow. {4} Her prophets [are] light [and] treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.”


Besides Jud 2, verses 2, 17, and 20, there are 19 other occurences in the Book of Judges where this word shama`(H8085) occurs.


But They Went A Whoring After Other Gods


The next phrase we want to examine in Jud 2:17 is “...but they went a whoring [zanah:H2181] after other gods [elohiym:H430] …,” which is comprised of  two main words. We find these two terms in a number of other places in Scripture: 


Exo 34:11-17, “Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. {12} Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: {13} But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: {14} For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name [is] Jealous, [is] a jealous God: {15} Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring [zanah:H2181] after their gods, [elohiym:H430] and do sacrifice unto their gods, [elohiym:H430] and [one] call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice; {16} And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring [zanah:H2181] after their gods, [elohiym:H430]  and make [zanah:H2181]  thy sons go a whoring [zanah:H2181] after their gods.[elohiym:H430]  {17} Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.”


In verse 16 of Deu 31:14-18 we find an intriguing declaration that God makes with regard to Moses; it is compelling because a similar declaration appears in the New Testament with regard to Paul - and historically, both accounts have in view the death of each of these notable men; however the underlying spiritual reality is the “end of the era of the New Testament churches and denominations.  I’ll read the Deu passage first, and then the one in Acts:


“And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation, that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation. {15} And the LORD appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle. {16} And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring [zanah:H2181] after the gods [elohiym:H430] of the strangers of the land, whither they go [to be] among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them. {17} Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these evils come upon us, because our God [elohiym:H430]  [is] not among us? {18} And I will surely hide my face in that day for all the evils which they shall have wrought, in that they are turned unto other gods.” [elohiym:H430] 


Acts 20:25-31, and 38 likewise record: “And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more. {26} Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I [am] pure from the blood of all [men]. {27} For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God. {28} Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. {29} For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. {30} Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. {31} Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears. ... {38} Sorrowing most of all for the words which he spake, that they should see his face no more. And they accompanied him unto the ship.”


Verse 12 of Hos 4:6-12 is another citation in which these two terms figure prominently: “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. {7} As they were increased, so they sinned against me: [therefore] will I change their glory into shame. {8} They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity. {9} And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings. {10} For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD. {11} Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart. {12} My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring [zanah:H2181]  from under their God.” [elohiym:H430]  


And Bowed Themselves Unto Them, They Turned Quickly Out Of The Way


The next phrase in Judges 2:17 is: “...and bowed [shachah:H7812] themselves unto them, they turned [cuwr:H5493] quickly [maher:H4118] out of the way [derek:H1870]...,” which is comprised of four words. Interestingly enough, the only other reference in the Old Testament where all four of these terms appear together is in verse 8 of Exo 32:-1-8, in which all the English words are rendered the same as in Jud 2:17, except for “and bowed” which is translated as “and have worshipped.”


“And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for [as for] this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. {2} And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which [are] in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring [them] unto me. {3} And all the people brake off the golden earrings which [were] in their ears, and brought [them] unto Aaron. {4} And he received [them] at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. {5} And when Aaron saw [it], he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow [is] a feast to the LORD. {6} And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. {7} And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted [themselves]: {8} They have turned aside [cuwr:H5493]  quickly [maher:H4118]  out of the way [derek:H1870] which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped [shachah:H7812] it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.”


Well, it looks like we’ll have to stop here today, and Lord willing continue our examination of Jud 2 in our next Bible study.

JUDGES 2 - PART 5

August 3, 2016


Good evening and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 5 of chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 18-19,


“And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them. {19} And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, [that] they returned, and corrupted [themselves] more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.” 


In this passage one sees the crux of the Book of Judges - typified by the cycle of rebellion>judgment>deliverance>rest - that I have mentioned quite frequently. 


And Delivered Them Out Of The Hand Of Their Enemies


The phrase, “...and delivered [yasha`:H3467] them out of the hand [yad:H3027] of their enemies [’oyeb:H341] contains three Hebrew words, which are found together in four other passages besides Jud 2:18; let’s consider two of them:


In verse 7 of Psa 138:6-8 we read, “Though the LORD [be] high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off. {7} Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: thou shalt stretch forth thine hand [yad:H3027] against the wrath of mine enemies, [’oyeb:H341] and thy right hand shall save [yasha`:H3467] me. {8} The LORD will perfect [that which] concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, [endureth] for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.”[yad:H3027]


In verse 10 of  Psa 106:6-15, which is a psalm that recounts much of the rebellion of national Israel, and God’s subsequent deliverance we find this description: “We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly. {7} Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked [him] at the sea, [even] at the Red sea. {8} Nevertheless he saved them for his name's sake, that he might make his mighty power to be known. {9} He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: so he led them through the depths, as through the wilderness. {10} And he saved [yasha`:H3467] them from the hand [yad:H3027] of him that hated [them], and redeemed them from the hand [yad:H3027] of the enemy. [’oyeb:H341] {11} And the waters covered their enemies: there was not one of them left. {12} Then believed they his words; they sang his praise. {13} They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel: {14} But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert. {15} And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul.”


This attitude of spiritual opportunism reminds us of Pharaoh, whose heart became increasingly hardened and embittered against God, is spite of God’s mercy in stopping each of the plagues, when Pharaoh appeared to have become “repentant.” Of course this should not surprise us, given the fact that most of the Israelites were unsaved, and would naturally emulate their spiritual father, Satan (according to John 8:44), typified by Pharaoh.


For It Repented The LORD


The last phrase is Jud 2:18 declares: “...for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.” Let’s consider the first part of this phrase - “for it repented [nacham:H5162] the LORD [Yehovah:H3068],” which is comprised of two words, and these two terms appear together in 40 verses. The former word is translated four different ways:  comfort(57x),repent(41x), comforter(9x), and ease(1x); as with many words in the Bible, it can convey both a positive connotation, as well as a negative one. We also must keep in mind that God has preordained everything that He allows to take place at any given time; although it might seem that God “changes His mind” as some passages might suggest, this is really not the case, as He does “...all things after the counsel of his will…,” according to Eph 1:11. The subsequent references contain the two words - “for it repented” [nacham:H5162] and  “the LORD” [Yehovah:H3068]:


1 Sam 15:11 and 35 reveal God’s displeasure with the king (Saul) that Israel desired over God’s perfect rulership:It repenteth [nacham:H5162] me that I have set up Saul [to be] king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] all night. ... {35} And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] repented [nacham:H5162] that he had made Saul king over Israel.”


In 1 Chr 21:15 we discover that God limits His anger, juxtaposing it with His mercy:  “And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] beheld, and he repented [nacham:H5162] him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.”


In Psa 86:17, the word “repented” is rendered, “me, and comforted,” highlighting this term’s secondary nuance: “Shew me a token for good; that they which hate me may see [it], and be ashamed: because thou, LORD, [Yehovah:H3068] hast holpen me, and comforted [nacham:H5162] me.”


Of Their Groanings...By Reason Of Them That Oppressed...Them And Vexed Them


The last phrase we want to examine in verse 18 is: “...of their groanings [ne’aqah:H5009] by reason of them that oppressed [lachats:H3905] them and vexed them,”[dachaq:H1766] which is also comprised of three Hebrew words, keeping in mind God’s patience and lovingkindness in continually delivering His corporate people - in spite of their rebellion - which we will see again and again throughout the Book of Judges, as well as elsewhere in the Bible.


The term, “of the groanings” (ne’aqah:H5009) is only found 4 times, including here in Jud 2:18; the following two passages deal with Israel’s subjection to Egypt during their enslavement:


Exo 2:24 declares,  “And God heard their groaning, [ne’aqah:H5009] and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.”


Likewise, Exo 6:5 adds, “ And I have also heard the groaning [ne’aqah:H5009] of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.”


The next word, “...by reason of them that oppressed…” (lachats:H3905) is utilized 19 times - 4 of which appear in  the Book of Judges including our present verse. Five times this term is also used in connection with Israel’s bondage in Egypt, as these next two citations illustrate: 


1 Sam 10:18 maintains, “And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, [and] of them that oppressed [lachats:H3905] you:”


And Psa 106:42 acknowledges their rebellion in the Book of Judges in particular: “Their enemies also oppressed [lachats:H3905] them, and they were brought into subjection under their hand.”


The third word, “them that vexed them” (dachaq:H1766) in the phrase, “...of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them” is only found in verse 8 of  Joel 2:1-11, which is found in the context of our present “day of judgment,” and it is translated as “thrust”:


“Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for [it is] nigh at hand; {2} A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, [even] to the years of many generations. {3} A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land [is] as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them. {4} The appearance of them [is] as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so shall they run. {5} Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array. {6} Before their face the people shall be much pained: all faces shall gather blackness. {7} They shall run like mighty men; they shall climb the wall like men of war; and they shall march every one on his ways, and they shall not break their ranks: {8} Neither shall one thrust [dachaq:H1766]  another; they shall walk every one in his path: and [when] they fall upon the sword, they shall not be wounded. {9} They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run upon the wall, they shall climb up upon the houses; they shall enter in at the windows like a thief. {10} The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: {11} And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp [is] very great: for [he is] strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD [is] great and very terrible; and who can abide it?”


They Returned, And Corrupted [Themselves] More Than Their Fathers


In verse 19 we read what happened whenever one of the judges died: “...they [the Israelites] returned, and corrupted [themselves] more than their fathers…,” in which God again continues to stress this ongoing cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest. Since we are approaching the end of this study, I want to focus on a word in this phrase that we have not previously considered, which is the term “and corrupted” (shachath:H7843); it appears 147 times, and mostly as “destroy,” and to a lesser degree as “corrupt.” The following illustrates one of the ways that God presents this word in the Old Testament:


In verses 16-21 of Deu 31, God reveals the following information to Moses, which we see being played out in the books of Joshua, and to a greater degree in the Book of Judges: “And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go [to be] among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them. {17} Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these evils come upon us, because our God [is] not among us? {18} And I will surely hide my face in that day for all the evils which they shall have wrought, in that they are turned unto other gods. {19} Now therefore write ye this song for you, and teach it the children of Israel: put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children of Israel. {20} For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant. {21} And it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen them, that this song shall testify against them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed: for I know their imagination which they go about, even now, before I have brought them into the land which I sware.


Then in verse 29 of  Deu 31:27-29, we find this word “corrupt”  doubled up - “ye will utterly” (shachath:H7843) “corrupt” (shachath:H7843) as Moses relays what God had told him to the people (which spiritually points to the death of the institutional churches and denominations which began on May 21, 1988, by the language “in the latter days”): “For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death? {28} Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. {29} For I know that after my death ye will utterly [shachath:H7843] corrupt [shachath:H7843] [yourselves], and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days; because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger through the work of your hands.”


Deu 32 is the “song” that God had commanded Moses to write and reherse in the ears of the nation every 7 years “in the year of release” (as Deu 15 explains - which pictures the freedom from the bondage of sin that the Gospel provided during the day of salvation) in the Feast of Tabernacles, according to verses 12-13 of Deu 31: “Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that [is] within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: {13} And [that] their children, which have not known [any thing], may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.”


This same word, “corrupt” (shachath:H7843) also appears as “They have corrupted” in verse 5 of Deu 32,  They have corrupted [shachath:H7843] themselves, their spot [is] not [the spot] of his children: [they are] a perverse and crooked generation.”


Well, on that sad note we will have to end today’s study.

JUDGES 2 - PART 6

August 5, 2016


Good evening and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 6 of chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 19-23,


“And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, [that] they returned, and corrupted [themselves] more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way. {20} And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; {21} I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died: {22} That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep [it], or not. {23} Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.” 


They Ceased Not From Their Own Doings


We left off at the last phrase in Jud 2:19,  “...they ceased not [naphal:H5307] from their own doings…,” [ma`alal:H4611] which is made up of two Hebrew words. The only other place where we find these two words together is in verse 8 of Isa 3:1-11, where it is rendered as “is fallen” and “and their doings,” which is describing once again the spirtual judgment that God inflicted upon the New Testament churches and denominations, by no longer using them as He had previously for 1955 years as His divine organism, which began on May 21, 1988, and He installed Satan to rule there ever since:

“For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water, {2} The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient, {3} The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator. {4} And I will give children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them. {5} And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable. {6} When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, [saying], Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and [let] this ruin [be] under thy hand: {7} In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house [is] neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people. {8} For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen [naphal:H5307]: because their tongue and their doings [ma`alal:H4611] [are] against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory. {9} The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide [it] not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.”


Nor From Their Stubborn Way


The last part of Jud 2:19 reads: “... nor from their stubborn [qasheh:H7185] way,” [derek:H1870] which is a translation of two Hebrew terms. The term “way” is found over 700 times in the Old Testament; here are a few examples:


Pro 16:25 declares: “There is a way [derek:H1870] that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof [are] the ways [derek:H1870] of death.”


Similarly, Pro 19:16 highlights the consequences of those who follow God’s Word (since they were born from above) and those that despise it (like Esau in Gen 25:34, where this same word for “despised” is used with regard to his “birthright” - pointing to the Lord Jesus Christ): “He that keepeth the commandment keepeth his own soul; [but] he that despiseth [bazah:H959] his ways [derek:H1870] shall die.”


Unsaved Man By Nature Is Very Stubborn


Unsaved man’s innate stubborness stems from a heart (or soul) that has not been regenerated by the Spirit and the Word of God - regardless if they are in a church, and think they are a child of God, or if they were faithful attendees of the Temple in the Old Testament - or are atheists. This term, “stubborn” (qasheh:H7185) in Jud 2:19 surfaces in 27 other verses, as the following references illustrate:


You might recall in Gen 49:7, when we were discussing Simeon and Levi  in one of our earlier studies in Judges chapter one, where this word “stubborn” in Jud 2:19 is rendered “for it was cruel”: “Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: [qashah:H7185] I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.”


This same term is also used in connection with Pharaoh in Exo 7:3, emphasizing that God alone can change a person’s natural (spiritual) heart condition: And I [God] will harden [qashah:H7185] Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.”


And in Deu 10:16, God lays out the spiritual principle that man is incapable of attaining salvation by his own efforts, any more than a person could successfully circumcise their own physical heart, highlighting the fact that salvation lies entirely within God’s sovereign will: “Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.” [`oreph:H6203 (“neck”)/qashah:H7185]


And Pro 29:1 pinpoints the end result of man’s rebellion: “He, that being often reproved hardeneth [qashah:H7185] [his] neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.”


And  Jer 19:13-15 sadly states: “And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet [i.e., “burning”], because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods. {14} Then came Jeremiah from Tophet [i.e., “burning”], whither the LORD had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of the LORD'S house; and said to all the people, {15} Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened [qashah:H7185] their necks, that they might not hear my words.”


 I Also Will Not Henceforth Drive Out Any… Of The Nations


The  term to [not] “drive out” (yarash:H3423) is not a new one, but is worth repeating as God clearly warned His corporate people of the deadly consequences of disobeying His precise directive: 


This word appears in Num 33:51-56 four times as either, “drive out,” dispossess,” or “possess”: “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan; {52} Then ye shall drive out [yarash:H3423] all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places: {53} And ye shall dispossess [yarash:H3423]  [the inhabitants] of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess [yarash:H3423]  it. {54} And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: [and] to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man's [inheritance] shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit. {55} But if ye will not drive out [yarash:H3423]  the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them [shall be] pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell. {56} Moreover it shall come to pass, [that] I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.”


Likewise, Jos 23:13 reiterates this same condemnation:  “Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out [yarash:H3423] [any of] these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.”


That Through Them I May Prove Israel


The first phrase in verse 22 states: That through them I may prove [nacah:H5254] Israel [Yisra’el:H3478]...” which is made up of two Hebrew words. Nacah (H5254) is found 36 times in the Old Testament, and is primarily translated as “prove” or “try.” It is a very interesting word because it reveals one of God’s dealings with mankind - which is to “test” individuals to determine what is really in their hearts or souls - throughout history beginning with Adam and Eve - and especially today, as we are living in the “day of Judgment.” 


This can be seen in a verse like Psa 26:2 which employs the same word we are investigating, 

Examine me, O LORD, and prove [nacah:H5254] me; try my reins and my heart.”


Similarly, we read in 2 Cor 13:5, Examine [peirazo:G3985] yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove [dokimazo:G1381] your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?”


Now, obviously God has complete access to everyone’s mind or heart, and is certainly not going to be surprised in the least with what He discovers about a person or even a nation. In fact, God forthrightly declares His divine assessment regarding mankind in the following passages:


Notice the language of Jer 17:9-10, “The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it? {10} I the LORD search the heart, [I] try the reins [i.e., “kidneys” - akin to one’s innermost thoughts or desires], even to give every man according to his ways, [and] according to the fruit of his doings.”


Even though the word rendered “try” (bachan:H974) is a diferent one than the term in Jud 2:22, it conveys the same idea, and is found in verse 18 of Job 7:17-18, “ What [is] man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him? {18} And [that] thou shouldest visit him every morning, [and] try [bachan:H974]  him every moment?”


This is also corroborated by verse 25 of John 2:23-25, “Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast [day], many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. {24} But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all [men], {25} And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.”

 

However, the reason God tests people is because this procedure is really intended to reveal the recipient’s spiritual condition before God. The following citations exemplify how God utilizes this term, “prove” or “try” (nacah:H5254) found in Jud 2:22, in connection with Israel, who typifies the New Testament churches and denominations:


Exo 16:4 “Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove [nacah:H5254] them, whether they will walk [yalak:H3212] in my law, or no.”


Deu 8:2, and 16 likewise testify: “And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove [nacah:H5254] thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. ... {16} Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove [nacah:H5254] thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;”


Lastly, we read in Deu 13:3, “Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth [nacah:H5254] you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.”


I’m afraid that we have run out of time today, so Lord willing we will continue our examination of Judges 2 in our next study. 


JUDGES 2 - PART 7

Air date: 8/15/2016


Good evening and welcome to Searching The Scriptures! This is Part 7 of chapter 2 of the Book of Judges. I’ll read verses 22-23,


That through them I may prove [nacah:H5254] Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep [it], or not. {23} Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.” 


Whether They Will Keep The Way Of The LORD To Walk Therein


As I mentioned at the close of our last study, we’ve come down to this last phrase in Judges 2:22, “...whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein…” which again is repeating the reason God tests His corporate people in general to determine whether their words match up with their actions. God underscores this reality in no uncertain terms in Mark 7:6-7 (which is quoting Isa 29:13). Undoubtedly, this is one of the most convicting verses in the entire Bible, highlighting the fact that God looks right at the heart, unlike man who can only judge externally, in order to get to the truth of the matter, as 1 Sam 16:7b solemnly affirms: “... for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.” 


Mark 7:6-7 maintains, “He answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with [their] lips, but their heart is far from me. {7} Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.


Let’s consider how God uses the four Hebrew words in this phrase in Jud 2:22, “...whether they will keep [shamar:H8104] the way [derek:H1870] of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] to walk [yalak:H3212] therein…” These four terms appear in 13 verses, and we will mention a few of them: 


Deu 8:2, and 6 declare, “And thou shalt remember all the way [derek:H1870] which the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] thy God led [yalak:H3212] thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee [nacah:H5254], to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep [shamar:H8104] his commandments, or no. ... {6} Therefore thou shalt keep [shamar:H8104] the commandments of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] thy God, to walk [yalak:H3212] in his ways [derek:H1870], and to fear him.”


In verse 22 of Deu 11:22-28, the word “keep” is doubled up in Hebrew, and is rendered as “For if ye shall deligently” and “keep,” highlighting the supreme importance that God places on obedience - which God associates with love and “cleaving” to Him; this term, “and to cleave” denotes the language of marriage, and is also used in Gen 2:24, as “and shall cleave”:  “For if ye shall diligently [shamar:H8104]  keep [shamar:H8104] all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] your God, to walk [yalak:H3212] in all his ways [derek:H1870], and to cleave [dabaq:H1692] unto him; {23} Then will the LORD drive out all these nations from before you, and ye shall possess greater nations and mightier than yourselves. {24} Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be. {25} There shall no man be able to stand before you: [for] the LORD your God shall lay the fear of you and the dread of you upon all the land that ye shall tread upon, as he hath said unto you. {26} Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; {27} A blessing, if ye obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you this day: {28} And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye have not known.”


Please note the wonderful benefits that God connects with the blessings of obedience, and by contrast, the devastating consequences (curses) linked to disobedience; this is also repeated in these next citations as well: 


In verse 16 of Deu 30:16-20, Moses under divine inspiration, repeats this same refrain, adding the terms “life and death” to “blessing and cursing” - highlighting the superiority of “eternal life”: “In that I command thee this day to love the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] thy God, to walk [yalak:H3212] in his ways [derek:H1870], and to keep [shamar:H8104] his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that thou mayest live and multiply: and the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest to possess it. {17} But if thine heart turn away, so that thou wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them; {18} I denounce unto you this day, that ye shall surely perish, [and that] ye shall not prolong [your] days upon the land, whither thou passest over Jordan to go to possess it. {19} I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, [that] I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: {20} That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave [dabaq:H1692] unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.”

Please note the usage of the word, “cleave” again in verse 20, indicative of marriage, as God was actually married to the nation, and the repetition of the promise given to the patriarchs that they would inherit “the land” - pointed spiritually to the eternal Kingdom of God in Heaven. 


Joshua, likewise, repeats this directive in Jos 22:5, “But take diligent heed  [shamar:H8104] to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] charged you, to love the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] your God, and to walk [yalak:H3212] in all his ways [derek:H1870], and to keep  [shamar:H8104] his commandments, and to cleave  [dabaq:H1692] unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.”


King David in passing the crown to his son, Solomon, repeats this singular command in verse 3-4 of 1 Kin 2:1-4: “Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying, {2} I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; {3} And keep [shamar:H8104] the charge of the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] thy God, to walk [yalak:H3212] in his ways [derek:H1870], to keep [shamar:H8104] his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself: {4} That the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed [shamar:H8104] to their way [derek:H1870], to walk [yalak:H3212] before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.”


Upon the completion of the Temple, King Solomon in his dedicatory prayer, stresses this injunction as well in verse 25 of 1 Kin 8:22-26, “And Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven: {23} And he said, LORD God of Israel, [there is] no God like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and mercy with thy servants that walk before thee with all their heart: {24} Who hast kept with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst him: thou spakest also with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled [it] with thine hand, as [it is] this day. {25} Therefore now, LORD [Yehovah:H3068] God of Israel, keep [shamar:H8104] with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit on the throne of Israel; so that thy children take heed [shamar:H8104] to their way [derek:H1870], that they walk [yalak:H3212] before me as thou hast walked before me. {26} And now, O God of Israel, let thy word, I pray thee, be verified, which thou spakest unto thy servant David my father.” 


Lastly, God - in referring to the Lord Jesus Christ - in verse 7 of Zec 3:1-7 records this same exhortation: “And he shewed me Joshua [Christ] the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. {2} And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: [is] not this a brand plucked out of the fire? {3} Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel. {4} And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment. {5} And I said, Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by. {6} And the angel of the LORD protested [i.e.,“testified”] unto Joshua, saying, {7} Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If thou wilt walk [yalak:H3212] in my ways [derek:H1870], and if thou wilt keep [shamar:H8104] my charge, then thou shalt also judge my house, and shalt also keep [shamar:H8104] my courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by.”


You might have noted from the preceding verses that God used certain men to pen these words - who spiritually are themselves “types” of the Lord Jesus Christ throughout the Bible - Moses, Joshua, David, and Solomon. I recognize that I have spent some extra time dwelling on the above references, but I felt this was necessary, as these passages reveal the paramount priority in God’s mind with regard to His children - which is love (or obedience) - hence, all the “testing” that believers have experienced throughout history, but especially at this time in history - living in “the day of judgment,” which only our generation has experienced.  Obedience to the Word of God (mind you - not for salvation - but as a result of salvation) should also be the chief concern of every child of God, as God carefully instructs in Ecc 12:13, according to His promise in Php 1:6“...he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.” 


Ecc 12:13 maintains: “Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.”


Therefore The LORD Left Those Nations


The next phrase that we want to investigate in Jos 2:23 is: “Therefore the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] left [yanach:H3240] those nations [gowy:H1471]…” The three Hebrew words that make up this phrase are only found together in two other citations - Jud 3:1, and Jer 27:11 respectively,


Jud 3:1 states,Now these [are] the nations [gowy:H1471] which the LORD [Yehovah:H3068] left [yanach:H3240], to prove [nacah:H5254]  Israel by them, [even] as many [of Israel] as had not known all the wars of Canaan;”


As in Jud 2:23, God is pinpointing His prerogative to test or “prove” Israel - since He had previously warned them what He would do, if they failed to obey His commands, as we noted in verses Jud 2:20b- 21,


“...Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; {21} I also will not henceforth drive out [yarash:H3423] any from before them of the nations [gowy:H1471]  which Joshua left when he died:  


Using these same three Hebrew terms, Jer 27:11, is referring parabolically to the end of the church age, in which the true believers were commanded to flee their local churches that God had abandoned, and given over to Satan. This is what is meant in the historical context that the nations (including Judah and Jerusalem), along with the “relatives” of Israel - Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre, and Zidon -  were to surrender to Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian empire, in accordance with the principle that judgment  “must first begin at the house of God” (1 Pet 4:17), which occurred on May 21, 1988, according to the Biblical Calendar; then on May 21, 2011, God’s judgment would transition to every nation of the world (as both 1 Pet 4:18 and Jer 25:29 underscore) as a prolonged “day of Judgment” went into effect:

But the nations [gowy:H1471]  that bring their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him, those will I let remain still [yanach:H3240] in their own land, saith the LORD [Yehovah:H3068]; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.”


Without Driving Them Out Hastily; Neither Delivered He Them Into The Hand Of Joshua 


In the last phrase in Jud 2:23 we discover the same word, “driving them out,”as in verse 21, and in other passages that we have looked at previously, such as Num 33:51-56 and Jos 23:13, “...without driving them out [yarash:H3423] hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.” 


Lord willing, we will be learning more about these nations that God did not drive out, when we continue our next study in Judges, Chapter 3.