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Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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Hebrews 4 - Part 2 

 April 24, 2022

Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 4 - Part 2, and today’s date is April 24, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 4:1-12,

 

 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Last week we began examining Hebrews 4, which as I stated, is a continuation of God’s insistent warning to those who claim to be His people. And since we are living presently in this unique time and season, known as the “day” of Judgment we are keenly aware of the testing we are facing, in the same manner that the Israelites who wandered in the wilderness for 40 years experienced. We left off at the latter part of verse 1…any of you should seem to come short of it, referring to the promise of entering God’s eternal rest, which is salvation. Let’s take a closer look at this expression, …to come short of it. This Greek verb stems from a Greek adjective that only appears in 1 Timothy 4:1, and is translated latter,  which in turn is another powerful warning:  

Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter [husteros:G5306] times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; {2} Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

The characteristics mentioned in this passage are familiar to us, as we are aware of individuals who have fallen into these traps by going backwards, and not forward, which is always the direction of the child of God as Proverbs 4:18 reminds us,

But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.

Sadly many have been snared into a backward posture as Isaiah 1:4 and 28:13 respectively describe concerning those who profess to belong to Christ… 

Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward. [’achowr:H268]

But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little; that they might go, and fall backward [’achowr:H268], and be broken, and snared, and taken.

These individuals in reality fit the mold that is depicted it Titus 1:16, 

They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.

To Come Short Of it [hustereo:G5302] 

The  term, …to come short of it  is primarily translated as lack or be behind. I’m reminded of Daniel’s interpretation of the handwriting on the palace wall of the Babylonian King Belshazzar (a type of Satan) who lost his life (and kingdom) on that very fateful night, that spiritually points to May 21, 2011, and the end of the 70-year Babylonian captivity which corresponds spiritually to the Great Tribulation of our day, and the beginning of our current “day” of Judgment. Historically the Babylonians were conquered by Darius (or Cyrus) the Medo-Persian King who typifies the Lord Jesus Christ Who began to rule this earth …with a rod of iron on May 21, 2011.  I’ll read Daniel 5:18-13; please notice verse 27: Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting. 

O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour: {19} And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down. {20} But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him: {21} And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling [was] with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and [that] he appointeth over it whomsoever he will. {22} And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this; {23} But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath [is], and whose [are] all thy ways, hast thou not glorified: {24} Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written. {25} And this [is] the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. {26} This [is] the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it. {27} TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting. {28} PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians. {29} Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and [put] a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom. {30} In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. {31} And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old.

As verse 28 states, and as we have learned from Scriptures such as, Matthew 12:25-26, since May 21, 2011, Satan’s kingdom (which is this world) is being systematically divided, judged, and punished:

And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand: {26} And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?  

Let’s now consider some of the ways that God employs this expression …to come short of it: 

To Come Short Of it [hustereo:G5302] 

One of the most convicting verses is Romans 3:23 which solemnly declares: For all have sinned, and come short [hustereo:G5302]  of the glory of God;

Luke 15:11-21 records the parable of the prodigal son, in which this word is expressed in verse 14 as to be in want:  

And he said, A certain man had two sons: {12} And the younger of them said to [his] father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth [to me]. And he divided unto them [his] living. {13} And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. {14} And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want. [hustereo:G5302] {15} And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. {16} And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. {17} And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! {18} I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, {19} And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. {20} And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. {21} And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.

The third illustration has to do with Esau (who is Edom= who is Adam - who is mankind) in verse 15 of Hebrews 12:14-17, in which this word is translated as fail  which is a poignant example of the principle that is spelled out in Mark 8:36, 

For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? 

Follow peace with all [men], and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord: {15} Looking diligently lest any man fail [hustereo:G5302] of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled; {16} Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. {17} For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

Now we can address another profound truth in verse 2, in which the warning continues: 

For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. 

In light of this we need to once again reconsider the critical exhortation  in 1 Corinthians 10:1-12 which we seem to be returning to, time and time again, because this warning is vitally important for us to keep in the forefront of our thinking:

Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; {2} And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; {3} And did all eat the same spiritual meat; {4} And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. {5} But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. {6} Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. {7} Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. {8} Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. {9} Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

In verse two we find the term, Gospel preached, which is the main Greek verb for Gospel along with the familiar expression, Word or logos. Essentially, the Gospel is the Word of God from Genesis through Revelation. As such, it is indeed the power of God  (or dunamis - from where our English term dynamite is derived) as Romans 1:16 testifies:

 For I am not ashamed of the gospel [euaggelion:G2098 - noun ] of Christ: for it is the power [dunamis:G1411] of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

The Gospel Preached [euagglizo:G2097] Is The Word [logos:G3056]

The two words, Gospel preached and Word in Hebrews 4:2 are found together in six other references, and I’ll just mention four of them: 

Verse 36 of Acts 10:34-36 is the record of the first few verses of  Peter’s testimony (under divine inspiration) to the Roman centurion, Cornelius, and those who accompanied him; these words are expressed as Word and preaching: 

Then Peter opened [his] mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: {35} But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. {36} The word [logos:G3056]

 which [God] sent unto the children of Israel, preaching [euagglizo:G2097] peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)

Acts 15:35 likewise renders these in the same way: Paul also and Barnabas continued in Antioch, teaching and preaching [euagglizo:G2097] the word [logos:G3056] of the Lord, with many others also.

Verse 17 of 1 Corinthians 1:17-19 states:  For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel [euaggelizo:G2097]: not with wisdom of words [logos:G3056], lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect. {18} For the preaching [logos:G3056] of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power [dunamis:G1411] of God. {19} For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.

In verse 17 when it talks about wisdom of words in a negative fashion it is indicating mankind’s words, as verse 13 of 1 Corinthians 2:13-14 likewise affirms:

Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. {14} But the natural [unsaved] man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discernerned.

Verse 2 of  1 Corinthians 15:1-2 reveals:  Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel  [euaggelion:G2098 - noun ] which I preached [euaggelizo:G2097] unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; {2} By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached [euaggelizo:G2097] unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

Preached [akoe:G189]

In Hebrews 4:2 there is also another word that is translated preached, but it is different from G2097; it is a noun that stems from one of the Greek verbs for hearing, and  this is how it is predominantly rendered, as the following citations illustrate:

Matthew 13:14 is one of about six Scriptures in the New Testament that quote Isaiah 6:9-10 which is a profoundly important statement concerning the nature of the Gospel; in this verse both the noun form, by hearing (akoe:G189) as well as the verb form, ye shall hear (akouo:G191) appear together:  

And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing  [akoe:G189] ye shall hear [akouo:G191], and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:

For instance, it is translated as hearing (twice) in Romans 10:17,  So then faith [cometh] by hearing [akoe:G189], and hearing [akoe:G189]  by the word of God.

Mark 13:7 (which is one of the parallel verses to Matthew 24:29) expresses this word as rumours: And when ye shall hear of wars and rumours [akoe:G189] of wars, be ye not troubled: for [such things] must needs be; but the end [shall] not [be] yet.

1 Thessalonians 2:13 includes this term as which ye heard: For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard [akoe:G189] of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.

However in 2 Timothy 4:3-4, this is rendered as ears twice: For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears  [akoe:G189]; {4} And they shall turn away [their] ears  [akoe:G189]  from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

Part of the idea of enduring to the end involves this matter of enduring sound doctrine, because the doctrines of the Bible - which we cannot separate from the Master Himself - are a test to see whether a person will continue in the Word as the Savior stressed in John 8:31,

Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;

This is also emphasized in verse 8 of 1 Peter 2:4-8; verse 6 is a quotation taken from Isaiah 28:16,

To whom coming, [as unto] a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, [and] precious, {5} Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. {6} Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. {7} Unto you therefore which believe [he is] precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, {8} And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

Verse 11 of Hebrews 5:11-14 utilizes this expression of hearing in this admonition directed towards God’s people:   

Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing. [akoe:G189] {12} For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. {13} For every one that useth milk [is] unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. {14} But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

I’ll repeat Hebrews 4:2,  For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. 

This is a “reality check” for all who claim to be “born-again believers.” It reveals that unless God intervenes to grant His (saving) Faith to an individual - which is how we understand the term mixed with Faith - it does not matter how many times a person was exposed to the Gospel, even during the “day” of salvation. That said, to be under the hearing of the True Gospel of the Bible was the best place to be, if one was one of God’s elect, because that was the environment in which God could extend that precious gift of eternal life to, even as King Ahasuerus extended the golden Sceptre (Christ) to Queen Esther in Esther 5:2,

And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, [that] she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that [was] in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre. 

Did [opheleo:G5623] Not [ou:G3756] Profit  [opheleo:G5623]

The two words, did not profit, only emerge again in these next notices:

John 6:63 asserts: It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth  [opheleo:G5623] nothing [ou:G3756]: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.

In John 12:19 these are included as ye prevail nothing:  The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail [opheleo:G5623] nothing [ou:G3756]? behold, the world is gone after him.

Lastly, Hebrews 13:9 translates these again as have not profited:  Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have [opheleo:G5623]  not [ou:G3756] profited [opheleo:G5623]  them that have been occupied therein.

Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study, we will continue our investigation of the rest of verse 2. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing. 

Hebrews 4 - Part 3 

May 1, 2022

Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 4 - Part 3, and today’s date is May 1, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 4:1-12,

 

 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

In our last study we left off at the latter part of verse 2…not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. We recognize that a person could hear the Truth of the Gospel all day long during the “day” of salvation, but unless God gave the gift of the Faith of Christ to one of His elect at some point during their physical lifetime, it would simply “go in one ear, and out the other,”  as the saying goes. There are three expressions that we will have to consider separately as they do not appear together again in other passages. These are:

  1. Being Mixed
  2. Faith
  3. Heard

Being Mixed [sugkerannumi:G4786]

The thrust of this compound Greek word is to mix with or mix together, and it only surfaces again in verse 24 of 1 Corinthians 12:14-27 as hath tempered together in a discussion of the various members of the Body of Christ and how they relate to each other, and to their Head, Who is the Lord Jesus Christ, using the analogy of the human body, that God in His infinite wisdom and understanding has fashioned and maintains on a moment by moment basis:

For the body is not one member, but many. {15} If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? {16} And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body? {17} If the whole body [were] an eye, where [were] the hearing? If the whole [were] hearing, where [were] the smelling? {18} But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him. {19} And if they were all one member, where [were] the body? {20} But now [are they] many members, yet but one body. {21) And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you. {22} Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary: {23} And those [members] of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely [parts] have more abundant comeliness. {24} For our comely [parts] have no need: but God hath tempered [sugkerannumi:G4786] the body together, having given more abundant honour to that [part] which lacked: {25} That there should be no schism in the body; but [that] the members should have the same care one for another. {26} And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it. {27} Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

Faith [pistis:G4102]

The word translated faith is the main term that is used throughout the New Testament, and we want to remember that it is speaking of the Faith of Christ, which in the following passages, is found in both the Old and New Testaments. The Faith of Christ is in the genitive, or possessive case, indicating that it is Christ’s personal possession, belonging exclusively to Him. In light of this, I would like to take the opportunity to review the 13 verses found throughout the Bible that mention the Faith of Christ, as this is one of the “unsealed teachings” that God has brought to the attention of His elect in recent years.

#1. Romans 3:3

The first passage that we want to consider is Romans 3:3 which states, 

For what if some did not believe [apisteo:G569]? shall their unbelief [apistia:G570] make the faith of God without effect? 

This verse contains two related Greek words for “lack of faith.” The first is a verb while the second is a noun, and both of them are derived from the adjective, rendered primarily as believe not or unbelieving. (apistos:G571) 

The first word for “lack of faith” in Romans 3:3 is translated as did not believe [apisteo:G569].  The second word is translated as unbelief [apistia:G570], and it is found in two passages that deal with the nation of Israel, and tie directly into our Hebrews study as we discovered  in Hebrews 3:12 and 19,

Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief [apistia:G570], in departing from the living God… {19} So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. [apistia:G570]

# 2. Romans 3:22

The immediate context of Romans 3:22 approaches the theme of “the faith of Christ” from a different vantage point than the immediate context of Romans 3:3 nonetheless they both arrive at the same conclusion – the sinfulness of man

Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. {20} Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. {21} But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; {22} Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: {23} For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

# 3. Romans 3:26

We must now consider yet another reference that includes the faith of Christ, which is quite difficult to grasp in the Authorized Version (or King James Version) of the English Bible but is readily seen in the original Greek. It reads as follows in Jay P. Green’s Literal Translation

for the showing forth of his righteousness  in the present time, for his being  just and justifying him that [is] of [the] faith of Jesus.

Notice the last three words which are crucial: “faith of Jesus.” As you can see, this is very clear in the original Greek, but unfortunately this one of the places where the translators of the Authorized Version could have done a better job because they translated the noun “faith” into the verb “which believeth,” according to Romans 3:26:

To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth [pistis:G4102] in Jesus.”

What is not so clear to those of us who are acquainted with English sentence structure is the first part of the verse. In other words, the Lord Jesus Himself is Just (or Righteous, which is one of His names according to 1 John 2:1), and He possesses the power to make someone just (or righteous), which is why He is called the Justifier (dikaioo:G1344). The individuals who have been “made righteous,” are the elect who are the … [ones] of [the] faith of Jesusnot … which believeth in Jesus. Do you see how God allowed this inferior translation to be a snare to so many who insist on a free will Gospel? But we understand that this is precisely how God utilizes the Bible to be a source of entrapment to those who claim to be genuine Christians, as verse 13 of Isaiah 28:10-13 concludes:

For precept [must be] upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little: {11} For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. {12} To whom he said, This [is] the rest [wherewith] ye may cause the weary to rest; and this [is] the refreshing: yet they would not hear. {13} But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

#4. Galatians 2:16

This is also affirmed in Galatians 2:16, 

“Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.”

In this verse the phrase the faith of Christ is mentioned twice to accentuate its monumental significance. The distinction that God is setting forth in this passage has to do with salvation by the works of the law versus salvation by the faith of Christ  (each of which is repeated three times) The reason a person cannot be justified (or saved) by the works of the law is summed up in the sobering words of James 2:10, 

For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.” 

# 5. Galatians 2:20

The next verse we want to investigate is Galatians 2:20, which says: 

I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 

It is helpful to look at the immediate context, found in verses 16-21: 

Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. {17} But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. {18} For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. {19} For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. {20} I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. {21} I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. 

There are at least two main observations that we can make with regard to this citation:

  • Verse 18 is speaking about building and destroying. This is referring to building upon the foundation of the works of the law  that can never result in salvation, because The Law of God (the Bible) is designed to highlight man’s sinfulness, as Romans 7:6-8 and 12-14 affirm:

“But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. {7} What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. {8} But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead {12} Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good. {13} Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. But sin, that it might appear sin, working death in me by that which is good; that sin by the commandment might become exceeding sinful. {14} For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.”

  • This brings us to the next point that man is constantly trying to pin the blame on God for sin; this was just quoted in Romans 7:13a, “Was then that which is good made death unto me? God forbid. 

# 6. Galatians 3:22 

In Galatians 3:10-22, we will continue to follow Paul’s patient explanation to the church in Galatia that salvation can never be achieved through the “the works of the law”:

For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. {11} But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. {12} And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. {13} Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: {14} That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. {15} Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.{16} Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. {17} And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. {18} For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. {19} Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. {20} Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. {21} Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. {22} But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

The promise was made to the Lord Jesus Christ (the  Seed with a capital “S”) by God the Father that He would have a people for Himself. This is what is in view with the phrase, a peculiar possession, or a “people for possession.” Repeatedly, in both the Old and New Testaments we find the familiar refrain as Jeremiah 32:38 maintains, 

And they shall be my people, and I will be their God.

In order for Christ to pay for the sins of His people, He had to become a curse for them, as Galatians 3:13 announces: 

Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

This greatest of all events took place prior to the Creation of our universe when He died, was annihilated, and rose victoriously from the dead; this was also visibly demonstrated in 33 AD. 

# 7. Ephesians 3:12

The next citation that contains the phrase the faith of Christ  appears in Ephesians 3:12. I will start with verse 8 to pick up the context: 

“Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ; {9} And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: {10} To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God, {11} According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord: {12} In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of him [Christ].”

The Greek word for “purpose” (prothesis:G4286) in verse 11 is also found in 2 Timothy 1:9, 

Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose [prothesis:G4286] and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began.

# 8. Philippians 3:9

As always, let’s look at the context of Philippians 3:9, starting with verses 3-8: 

For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh. {4} Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: {5} Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee. {6} Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. {7} But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. {8} Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ. {9} And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:

In this passage, Paul outlines his eminent qualifications in verses 5-6 for being 

…an Hebrew of the Hebrews: “Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee. {6} Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.” 

He leads up to what his chief problem was in the phrase, touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless,” which is also repeated in verse 9: “… not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law.” This underscores man’s wicked motivation in thinking that he can somehow gain access into Heaven by his own works. However the Bible insists that man is hopelessly incapable of obeying God’s laws perfectly. Titus 3:5 beautifully captures God’s perspective with regard to authentic, Biblical salvation: 

Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

#9 Revelation 14:12

In Revelation 14:12 we read, 

Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep [tereo:G5083] the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

Revelation 14:12 defines the expression: the patience of the saints. They are those who keep the commandments of God (which is the Bible) and keep the faith of Jesus because God is working in them … to will and to do of His good pleasure, according to Philippians 2:13.  We have understood that the hallmark of a genuine child of God is obedience to the Scriptures, as John 15:10 insists, 

“If ye keep [tereo:G5083] my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.”

It is worth noting that the Greek word rendered as “patience” (hupomone:G5281) in Revelation 14:12 is also related to the Scriptures themselves, as the following passages explain:

Revelation 3:10 declares, “Because thou hast kept the word of my patience [hupomone:G5281], I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation [or trial], which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.”

Romans 15:4 further adds, “For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience [hupomone:G5281] and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.” 

# 10 Romans 4:5

The next reference that we want to investigate is Romans 4:5, and I will read verses 1-6, and 13-16: 

“What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? {2} For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. {3} For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. {4} Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. {5} But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. {6} Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works…{13} For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. {14} For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: {15} Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression. {16} Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,” 

There are many important truths in this portion of Scripture, but I will try to summarize the main ones briefly:

  • If somebody works for their salvation they are entitled to a wage – which is death!
  • When someone does not work for their salvation they are not entitled to a wage; but if they are given the gift of salvation, it is because of underserved grace!
  • The promise of faith was given to Abraham when he was physically uncircumcised.
  • God had spiritually circumcised Abraham in his heart, or soul, which means that He had saved him prior to his physical circumcision.
  • The verb “believe” stems from the noun “faith;” and, as we have been learning in this series, salvation is by “the faith of Christ.” 
  • The promise that Abraham should be heir of the “New Heavens and New Earth” was not accomplished by keeping the law, but through the “righteousness of faith” – or the “righteousness of Christ” – since Christ is “full of faith” – or “Faithful.” 
  • Keeping the law for salvation nullifies faith (and hence, grace) since the law is designed to condemn man for his sinfulness.

We have to stop here, even though there are still three more citations to examine, which we will do in our next study, Lord willing. Please stay tuned for the rest of our Hymn Sing.

Hebrews 4 - Part 4 

 May 8, 2022

Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 4 - Part 4, and today’s date is May 8, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 4:1-12,

 

 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

We have landed on the latter part of verse 2: …but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].

In last week’s study I pointed out that the three main terms in this phrase - being mixed, faith, and heard - would have to be examined individually, as they do not appear together anywhere else in the New Testament. We began by looking at 1 Corinthians 12:24, which is the sole reference in which the term, being mixed, surfaces, in the midst of a discussion of the various parts of the Body of Christ, in which this expression is translated as hath tempered:

For our comely [parts] have no need: but God hath tempered [sugkerannumi:G4786] the body together, having given more abundant honour to that [part] which lacked: 

We then proceeded to consider the word, faith, and specifically to review  BMI’s study on The Faith of Christ, the personal possession of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who is the very essence of Faith (which is one of His Names). Today we want to continue investigating the last three verses that contain the expression, the faith of Christ. Next week we will examine two other historical parables in the New Testament related to faith; additionally, we will consider the term, heard. We left off at verse # 11:

The Faith [pistis:G4102] Of Christ (Cont.)

#11 James 2:1

James 2:1 states: My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.

After delineating what respect of persons entails in James 2:1-7, God gives a concise summary of why a genuine Christian should not be a respecter of persons in verse 9, which interestingly is sandwiched between two profoundly significant Biblical themes in verses 8 and 10: 

If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: {9} But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. {10} For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all

James 2:10 echoes what is described in Romans 3:19: 

Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God

In James 2:14-26 God has placed a lengthy and complicated exposition concerning the faith of Christ  that we must now address because it impinges on all 13 verses  that we are examining in this series and especially on Abraham, who figured prominently in our discussion of Romans 4:5. In James 2:14-26 we read: 

What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man [tis:G5100] say he hath faith, and have not works? Can faith save him? {15} If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, {16} And one [tis:G5100] of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? {17} Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. {18} Yea, a man [tis:G5100] may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. {19} Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. {20} But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? {21} Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? {22} Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? {23} And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. {24} Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. {25} Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way? {26} For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

On the surface, one might surmise from these citations that works are an essential ingredient of faith. Consider the import of the following verses:

Verse 14 states, What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? Can faith save him?

Verse 17 declares, Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.

Verse 18 teaches, Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.

Verse 20 insists, But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? 

Notice how God uses Abraham as an illustration of how faith and works seemingly go hand in hand in verses 21-23: Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? {22} Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? {23} And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

Verse 24 further reinforces that idea, Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

In verse 25, God utilizes Rahab as further evidence of justification by works: Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?

This notion that “works” are a requirement for “faith” dramatically underscores why it is absolutely vital to compare … spiritual things with spiritual (1 Corinthians 2:13) and also to … search the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. (Acts 17:11) When we follow God’s instructions for studying the Bible we run into two major problems with regard to the necessity of man’s work and faith in the matter of salvation:

The first problem is that there are many verses that contradict this notion, such as the three-fold emphasis in Galatians 2:16: 

Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.

The second problem is that faith is a work, as the following citations so clearly indicate:

1 Thessalonians 1:3 states, Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;

2 Thessalonians 1:11 maintains, Wherefore also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness, and the work of faith with power:

Keep in mind that the same Greek words that are rendered in English as work (ergon:G2041) and faith (pistis:G4102) are  used over and over again in James 2:14-26. The way to understand the examples of “good works” on the part of both Abraham and Rahab (or any believer for that matter) is explained by Ephesians 2:8-10: 

For by grace are ye saved through faith [Christ]; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: {9} Not of works, lest any man [tis:G5100] should boast. {10} For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

We have also determined from both 1 Thessalonians 1:3 and 2 Thessalonians

 1:11 that faith is work, but whose work is it? It can only be the work of Christ according to these next Scriptures:

John 6:28-29 further emphasizes that the noun faith (or the verb believe which stems it) has to do with Christ’s work

Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works [ergon:G2041]of God? Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work [ergon:G2041] of God, that ye believe [pisteuo:G4100] on him whom he hath sent.

The Greek word rendered “man” [tis:G5100] in James 2:14, also appears in verses 16 and 18. Please keep in mind that this indefinite pronoun is translated in a wide variety of ways, so the context is very significant. It is used in Acts 13:38-41 along with the same words for work (ergon:G2041) and believe (pisteuo:G4100) that we just noted in John 6:28-29. 

In Acts 13:38-41 we read: Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: {39} And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. {40} Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets; {41} Behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work [ergon:G2041] in your days, a work [ergon:G2041] which ye shall in no wise believe [pisteuo:G4100], though a man [tis:G5100] declare it unto you.

Acts 13:38 is actually a quotation from Habakkuk 1:5: Behold ye among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvellously: for I will work [pa’al:H6466] a work in your days, which ye will not believe, though it be told you. 

The same Hebrew word translated as … for I will work in Habakkuk 1:5 also appears as “working” in Psalm 74:12, 

“For God is my King of old, working [pa’al:H6466] salvation in the midst of the earth.” 

Lastly, Isaiah 63:1-5 describes that all the work of salvation was completed by Christ alone (which is repeated four times): “Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. {2} Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? {3} I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. {4} For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. {5} And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.”

#12 Habakkuk 2:4

Habakkuk 2:1-4 reads as follows: 

I will stand upon my watch, and set me upon the tower, and will watch to see what he will say unto me, and what I shall answer when I am reproved. {2} And the LORD answered me, and said, Write the vision, and make it plain upon tables, that he may run that readeth it. {3} For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry. {4} Behold, his soul [which] is lifted up [aphal:H6075] is not upright [yashar:H3474] in him: but the just shall live by his [Christ’s] faith [emunah:H530].

God makes a marked distinction in Habakkuk 2:4 between genuine Christians who live by the faith of Christ as opposed to those who are not “upright” (yashar:H3474), or “pleasing” to God. Such individuals possess a “dead” soul which is lifted up (aphal:H6075) in pride – or “presumptuous,” according to Numbers 14:36-45, where the word is rendered as but they presumed (aphal:H6075) in verse 44: 

And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, {37} Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD. {38} But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still. {39} And Moses told these sayings unto all the children of Israel: and the people mourned greatly. {40} And they rose up early in the morning, and gat them up into the top of the mountain, saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto the place which the LORD hath promised: for we have sinned. {41} And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the commandment of the LORD? but it shall not prosper. {42} Go not up, for the LORD is not among you; that ye be not smitten before your enemies. {43} For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from the LORD, therefore the LORD will not be with you. {44} But they presumed [aphal:H6075] to go up unto the hill top: nevertheless the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and Moses, departed not out of the camp. {45} Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah.

Notice that both Moses (who represents the Law of God) as well as the ark of the covenant of Jehovah  (Who typifies Christ) remained in the camp, and thus those Israelites who presumed to fight against their adversaries were doomed to failure, because they did so in their own strength.

#13 1 Samuel 26:23

The background of 1 Samuel 26:23 has to do with Saul and his 3000-man army pursuing David and his 600-man band. David and Abishai sneak into Saul’s camp, when they were all in a deep sleep, which God had orchestrated. Abishai attempts to convince David that God has set this up, and asks David to allow him to kill King Saul with one fatal blow with his spear. David responds that vengeance is God’s domain, yet to show that they could have easily killed Saul, they steal his spear and a cruse of water, that were laying by his side. Then from a safe distance David shouts to King Saul and to all his army, pointing out what they had done. Saul is moved at David’s compassion, and promises to not pursue him any more. In proclaiming his innocence and respect for Saul – as the Lord’s anointed – David announces in 1 Samuel 26:23:

“The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness [emunah:H530]: for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD’S anointed.”

In the New Testament, there are three main parts of speech relating to faith. One of these is the verb form to believe (pisteuo:G4100), which is derived from the noun faith (pistis:G4102). Additionally, there are two adjectives: spikenard (pistikos:G4100), which also stems from faith (pistis:G4102) and faithful (pistos:G4103), which is related to the word “persuade” (peitho:G3982). 

Revelation 1:5 contains the adjective who is the faithful: 

And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful [pistos:G4103] witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

Now we want to turn our attention to five other aspects of salvation that Christ undertook in order to secure the redemption of His people: Christ repented, Christ obeyed, Christ confessed, Christ died, and He rose from the dead - on behalf of each of the elect - at the foundation of the world, in addition to demonstrating this in 33 AD.

Christ “Repented” On Behalf Of The Elect

In Luke 3:3 we read about John the Baptist, who came preaching “the baptism [or washing] of repentance for the remission [or forgiveness] of sins.” In verses 8-10 God gives us more information: 

“Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. {9} And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. {10} And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then? 

Once again we have to be on guard because of the language that God employs in Luke 3:10b, “… What shall we do then?” Furthermore, God permits John to answer this question, by giving the people, publicans, and soldiers respectively “things to do” which further confuses the issue. We have to always keep in mind that repentance is actually synonymous with salvation, and salvation has to do with faith. For some time now, by God’s grace, we have correctly understood that faith is a workthe work of Christ. Jeremiah 31:18-19 is a wonderful illustration of God’s work in a person’s life to initiate redemption as well as sanctification: 

“I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me [shuwb:H7225], and I shall be turned [shuwb:H7225]; for thou art the LORD my God. Surely after that I was turned [shuwb:H7225], I repented [nacham:H5162]; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.”

Christ “Obeyed” on Behalf of the Elect

Romans 5:19 teaches, 

For as by one man's [Adam] disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience [hypakoe:G5218] of one [Christ] shall many be made righteous.

Hebrews 5:8 also adds, Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience [hypakoe:G5218] by the things which he suffered;

Christ “Confessed” On Behalf Of The Elect

Just as Christ believed, obeyed, and repented  for His chosen sheep, He also confessed on their behalf, as we read in 1 Timothy 6:13:

 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession [homologia:G3671];

Christ “Died” on Behalf of the Elect

When we say that Christ died, this indicates that He was annihilated, after which He rose from the dead at the foundation of the world, according to the following passages:

Proverbs 8:23-26 states, “I was set up [(offered or poured out) nacak:H5258] from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. {24} When there were no depths, I was brought forth [He is the Firstborn from the dead]; when there were no fountains abounding with water. {25} Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth: {26} While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

Matthew 25:34 announces, Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:

Hebrews 4:3 which is the next verse that we will be investigating likewise affirms:  For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.

Revelation 13:8 adds, And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

And Revelation 17:8 acknowledges: The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

Christ “Rose” From The Dead On Behalf Of His Elect

Referring parabolically to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ, Luke 16:31 reveals, 

And he [Abraham] said unto him [the rich man], If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.

1 Corinthians 15:20, and 23 also teach: But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept. ... {23} But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.”

Before we conclude today’s study, let’s turn back to Genesis 1:1 and we will find something absolutely remarkable in the first word of the first verse in the Word of God - the Bible:

In the beginning [re’shiyth:H7225/TWOT* 2097e ] God created the heaven and the earth.

The word, the beginning or re’shiyth stems from the root, ro’sh (H7218/TWOT 2097) רֵאשִׁ (the first three Hebrew letters of both re’shiyth and ro’sh are identical) indicating head, beginning, etc., and is the root of this particular “word-family.” And Who is the beginning? Colossians 1:16 tells us:

And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.

However the expression in the beginning is also the term Firstfruits!  This spiritually highlights and magnifies what took place outside of time at… the foundation of the world! The word “in” is an inseparable prefix in Hebrew, denoted by the letter Bet (which is the 2nd letter of the Hebrew alphabet), or  B’re’shiyth (which is also the name of the Book of Genesis in Hebrew):   בְּרֵאשִׁית 

We will conclude our discussion of Faith, Lord willing, next Sunday. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing next.

Hebrews 4 - Part 5 

 May 15, 2022

Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 4 - Part 5, and today’s date is May 15, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 4:1-12,

 

 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

For the past two Sundays we have taken a detour to consider the majestic subject of the Faith of Christ since Hebrews 4:3 mentions this most significant word, Faith. Lord willing, we will be concluding this detour after today’s study, but there are a number of spiritual principles related to the Faith of Christ that I want to underscore in today’s Bible study. And I would like to start with the parable of the Pharisee and the Publican found in Luke 18:9-14. Please keep in mind that this is taking place in the time and season of that exceedingly long “day” of salvation.

The Parable Of The Pharisee And The Publican

We read in Luke 18:9-14,

“And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: {10} Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. {11} The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. {12} I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. {13} And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. {14} I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.”

The Attitude of the Heart in Prayer

Prayer is speaking to God, and the prayers of each of these two men are very telling. We read in Luke 18:11: 

The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. 

Sadly, the Pharisee’s prayer reflects a lack of understanding of his own sinfulness, a “holier-than-thou” attitude, and a blindness to the holy perfection that God requires with respect to obeying the Law of God. Please note the judgmental attitude the Pharisee had toward the Publican, and here he began boasting about his ability to keep the law according to his own interpretation: 

I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. 

In the process he ends up breaking the “royal law” of love, as defined by Romans 13:10:

Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

Standing Afar Off

An entirely different picture emerges with respect to the Publican. Here we see a broken man spiritually. This is quite apparent from the language that he is “standing” – like the Pharisee – only he is standing “afar off” as he approaches His Creator in prayer with great fear and trepidation. 

Not Lift Up So Much As His Eyes

The phrase … would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast takes on far greater significance when compared with Psalm 40:12 (which is a Messianic psalm): 

For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.”

Undoubtedly, God had already given the Publican  a broken and a contrite heart in salvation. 

God Be Merciful To Me [The] Sinner

This is also confirmed by his next statement: God be merciful to me [the] sinner (as it reads in the original Greek). We do know that during the “day” of salvation” faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.  Furthermore, we have concluded that the faith in view is the Faith of Christ.

Justified by the Faith of Christ Alone

Luke 18:14a affirms that Christ had indeed chosen the Publican for salvation and had atoned for his sins at …the foundation of the world.

I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other…

The Principle of Humility

In Luke 18:14b, God enunciates a profound principle, … for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. Over and over again, God repeats this principle as Isaiah 57:15 so beautifully maintains with regard to the Publican and each of God’s elect:

“For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.”

Spikenard Broken and Poured Out

I would like to conclude this study on the Faith of Christ with the touching account of Mary (Martha’s and Lazarus’ sister) who anointed the Lord with ointment of spikenard. We read in John 12:1-3:

Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. {2} There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. {3} Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.

Mark 14:3 supplies these important details: And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.

What makes this account even more compelling is the fact that this perfume was very expensive – costing about 10 months worth of wages – since it was unadulterated perfume, which is derived from crushing thousands of flowers to extract the pure essence of the flowers drop by drop. The word “spikenard” is a compound Greek word composed of “spike” (pistikos:G4101) and “nard” (nardos:G3487). Apparently, this perfume is derived from a very fragrant East Indian plant called nard, but the Greek word rendered as spike is very closely related to the word for faith – the Faith of Christ – that we have been researching; furthermore, it only appears in the two verses I just quoted. 

This wonderfully fragrant aroma is an exceptional “word picture” of the pure, unadulterated Faith Of Christ which is indeed the savour of life unto life (according to 2 Corinthians 2:16) and the only foundation for genuine salvation. 

Let’s go back to Hebrews 4:2, and pick up the last word in that verse which is …in them that heard it:

For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it].

In Them That Heard It [akouo:G191]

We recognize that what these individuals “heard” had to do with physical hearing only, since it was not mixed or tempered by the faith of Christ, which if it had been, they would also have received ears to hear, and eyes to see spiritual truth. Instead what they heard physically went in one ear, and out the other as the saying goes. Let’s take a closer look at this term, in them that heard it:

We will also encounter this expression again, Lord willing, two more times in the book of Hebrews. 

Hebrew 4:7 reiterates the repeated warning that we saw in Chapter 3 which flows into Chapter 4 as well: Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear [akouo:G191] his voice, harden not your hearts.

Similarly, Hebrews 12:19 maintains: And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which [voice] they that heard [akouo:G191] intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:

A good example of how God utilizes this expression is also found in the account of the two houses: one that was built upon the sand and the other upon the Rock in Matthew 7:24-29. This word surfaces in verses 24 and 26, as heareth and that heareth respectively:

Therefore whosoever heareth [akouo:G191] these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: {25} And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. {26} And every one that heareth [akouo:G191] these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: {27} And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it. {28} And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: {29} For he taught them as [one] having authority, and not as the scribes.

Mark 4 is a very important chapter that contains 14 instances in which this term is translated as hear, heard, hearing, and hearken. Three of them emerge in verses 3, 9, and 12;  I’ll read verses 1-13:

And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. {2} And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, {3} Hearken [akouo:G191]; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: {4} And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. {5} And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: 6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. {7} And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. {8} And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. {9} And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear [akouo:G191], let him hear. [akouo:G191]  {10} And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. {11} And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all [these] things are done in parables: {12} That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing [akouo:G191] they may hear [akouo:G191], and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and [their] sins should be forgiven them. {13} And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?

There are a number of significant spiritual principles that arise out of this chapter:

  1. Isaiah 6:9-10 is quoted in verse 12 revealing God’s methodology of speaking in parables, so that the non-elect would not understand spiritual truth, which He chose to disclose to the elect.

  1. In fact, the entire Bible is written in parabolic fashion, which can only be grasped as one compares spiritual with spiritual; additionally God must graciously choose to impart the truths that He has hidden in the Word to His people, according to the proper time and season for doing so. 

  1. Christ highlights the necessity for understanding the deeper spiritual meaning of the parable of the sower as the key to unlocking the spiritual mysteries hidden in all parables - i.e., the entire scope of Scripture.

Let us now turn our attention to verse 3,

For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 

This verse is similar to Hebrews 3:11 and is part of a quotation taken from Psalm 95:11, which we examined in some detail when we were analyzing Chapter 3,

So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)

 However in Hebrews 4:3 we do find two added statements:

  1. For we which have believed do enter into rest… 
  2. … although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 

You might recall from our excursion into the Faith of Christ that the expression have believed (pisteuo:G4100) is the verb form for faith. And those who have been given the faith of Christ  do believe as a result. This is why they also enter into the eternal spiritual rest that is part and parcel of salvation.

The two terms, works and were finished, is not referring to what occurred during Creation week, as the rest of verse 3 confirms…from the foundation of the world, which places what is being stated outside of time. I would like to first focus on the terms, works… were finished, and then …from the foundation of the world. 

Works [ergon:G2041] & Were Finished [ginomai:G1096] 

These two words crop up in these next seven citations:

Verse 19 of Luke 24:17-19 is part of that amazing conversation that the Lord had with the two disciples on the road to Emmaus, in which they did not recognize Who He was; these words are translated was and deed: 

And he said unto them, What manner of communications [are] these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? {18} And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days? {19} And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was [ginomai:G1096] a prophet mighty in deed [ergon:G2041]  and word before God and all the people:

Verse 6 of Romans 11:5-6 sets forth a lucid declaration of the difference between a works gospel and the True Gospel of God’s grace, in which these terms are rendered work(s) and is: Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. {6} And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works [ergon:G2041]: otherwise grace is [ginomai:G1096] no more grace. But if [it be] of works [ergon:G2091], then is it no more grace: otherwise work [ergon:G2041]  is no more work.[ergon:G2041] 

1 Corinthians 3:13 points to our present day when all who claim to be genuine Christians are put through the spiritual fire to see if they identify with gold, silver, precious stones or wood, hay, and stubble that will be consumed; these words are expressed as work and shall be made: 

Every man's work [ergon:G2041] shall be made [ginomai:G1096] manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work [ergon:G2041]  of what sort it is.

1 Corinthians 15:58 is a fitting reminder of the fact that as God works in and through His people …to will and to do of His good pleasure (Philippians 2:13), God’s elect must not become …weary in well-doing…(2 Thessalonians 3:13). These expressions are included as be and work:  

Therefore, my beloved brethren, be [ginomai:G1096] ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work [ergon:G2041]  of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

By contrast, Revelation 3:2 shows that the end-time New Testament churches and denominations failed because Christ was no longer in their midst to accomplish His perfect works; once again these words are included as be and works: 

Revelation 3:2, Be [ginomai:G1096]  watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works [ergon:G2041]  perfect before God.

 

1 Corinthians 16:10 illustrates how God used Timotheus as well as Paul to accomplish His divine purposes during the era of the church age; these words appear as he may be and work. Please note the verb form of work, or he worketh: Now if Timotheus come, see that he may be [ginomai:G1096] with you without fear: for he worketh [ergazomai:G2038] the work [ergon:G2041] of the Lord, as I also [do].

Lastly, James 1:25 is a vital admonition to keep one’s focus firmly on the Word of God: But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth [parameno:G3887] [therein], he being [ginomai:G1096]  not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, [ergon:G2041] this man shall be blessed in his deed.

Incidentally, the word continueth [therein] speaking of the Word of God is crucial, and is a word that is related to the term, continue (meno:G3306) in that penetrating statement in John 8:31,

Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue [meno:G3306] in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;

From [apo:G575] The Foundation [katabole:G2602] Of The World [kosmos:G2889]

The last phrase in Hebrews 4:3 is … from the foundation of the world, and consists of three Greek words that surface in the following six references. In BMI’s series on The Lamb Slain From The Foundation Of The World, we spent 25 studies researching this most wonderful  “unsealed” doctrine that God has revealed to His saints, by His mercy.

Verse 35 of Matthew 13:34-35 underscores the fact that the entire Bible is written parabolically: All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them: {35} That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from [apo:G575] the foundation  [katabole:G2602] of the world. [kosmos:G2889]

And indeed this ties in beautifully to a verse like Proverbs 25:2 that explains not only how God penned His Word, but also how a child of God is to study the Scriptures; the terms a thing and a matter are the same Hebrew word, dabar, commonly translated as word:

[It is] the glory of God to conceal a thing [dabar:H1697/TWOT* 399a]: but the honour of kings [the elect] [is] to search out a matter. [dabar:H1697/TWOT 399a]

Matthew 25:34 clarifies that the entire scope of God’s salvation program from beginning to the end was established outside of time: Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from [apo:G575] the foundation  [katabole:G2602] of the world [kosmos:G2889]:

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

I’m going to mention, Luke 11:50, but I’m not sure of its spiritual implications: That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from [apo:G575] the foundation [katabole:G2602] of the world [kosmos:G2889], may be required of this generation;

Hebrews 9:26 reveals that sin was paid for at the foundation of the world, and that it was also demonstrated or re-enacted in 33 AD: For then must he often have suffered since [apo:G575] the foundation [katabole:G2602] of the world [kosmos:G2889]: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

Revelation 13:8 is another key verse in the discussion of the Lamb Slain doctrine:  And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from [apo:G575] the foundation [katabole:G2602] of the world. [kosmos:G2889]

Revelation 17:8 likewise affirms that salvation took place outside of time for all those who had been predestinated to eternal life, and whose names were in the Lamb’s Book of Life, as it were: 

The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from [apo:G575] the foundation [katabole:G2602] of the world [kosmos:G2889], when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study, we will start our investigation of verse 4. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.

Hebrews 4 - Part 6

May 29, 2022

Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 4 - Part 6, and today’s date is May 29, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 4:1-12,

 

 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

We have landed on verse 4 in our investigation of Hebrews 4, 

For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.

Hebrews 4:4 is quoting Genesis 2:2,

And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

I would like for us to consider Hebrews 4:4 for now, and then before proceeding to verses 5 we’ll take a detour to investigate Genesis 2:2.

He Spake [ereo:G2046]

The verb, he spake, occurs over 70 times in the New Testament, in which it is predominantly translated as say.  We have run across it previously in Hebrews 1:13 as well as in Hebrews 4:3 respectively:

But to which of the angels said he [ereo:G2046] at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said [ereo:G2046], As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 

It will also appear in verse 7 of this chapter, along with Hebrews 10:9 and 13:5 in that order:

Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said [ereo:G2046], To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.

Hebrews 10:9 proclaims: Then said he [ereo:G2046], Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.

And Hebrews 13:5 promises: [Let your] conversation [be] without covetousness; [and be] content with such things as ye have: for he hath said [ereo:G2046], I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

Like the word dabar (also rendered as speak) there are five or so other Hebrew terms that underscore that God is speaking through every word, letter, shape of the letters, vowel pointings, and other symbols (that are both grammatical and musical in nature) that we find in the original languages of Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic. Is it any wonder that Deuteronomy 8:1-3 emphasizes the supreme authority and power of what issues out of God’s Divine Mouth:

All the commandments which I command thee this day shall ye observe to do, that ye may live, and multiply, and go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers. {2} And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. {3} And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.

Notice the focus on Living or Life, as God is the very essence of Eternal Life, as the Lord emphasized in Deuteronomy 32:46-47 and Matthew 22:32,

And he said unto them, Set your hearts unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law. {47} For it [is] not a vain thing for you; BECAUSE IT [IS] YOUR LIFE [caps mine for emphasis]: and through this thing ye shall prolong [your] days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.

I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the LIVING.  [caps mine for emphasis]

In A Certain Place [pou:G4225]

The next expression in Hebrews 4:4 is in a certain place, which is a Greek adverb that is only found in two other references:

The first one is in Hebrews 2:6 (which is quoting Psalm 8:4): But one in a certain place [pou:G4225] testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? 

Psalm 8:4 maintains: What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

The second time this expression is found  is in verse 19 of Romans 4:19-21, in which it is rendered about, speaking of the fact that Abraham (as well as Sara) were well beyond their child-bearing years, and hence the simile of dead or deadness: 

And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about [pou:G4225] an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb: {20}  He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; {21} And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 

The next expression is verse 4 that we are curious about is the word seventh, which is repeated in our verse and surfaces again in eight verses. This ordinal number is extremely important as it relates to the perfection of whatever is in view that God says, does, or allows to take place. 

Seventh is derived from the number seven, which in turn, is related to the perfection of God Himself, but also to God’s end-time judgment program as well. In his book, 1994, in Chapter 14  Mr. Camping was discussing the significance of this number in the following events; I have added in the Scriptural references

  • Enoch was translated after 7 generations. (Jude 1:14)
  • Noah entered the Ark after 7 days. (Genesis 7:4, 10)
  • The Feast of Tabernacles lasted 7 days (with the 8th day as a day of solemn rest) (Leviticus 23:34-36)
  • Similarly, the leper was cleansed after 7 days, on the 8th day. (Leviticus 14:8-11)
  • The Feast of Pentecost (or The Feast of Firstfruits, when the Holy Spirit was poured out) followed seven weeks. (Deuteronomy 16:9-10)
  • The year of Jubilee (or release) followed seven weeks of seven years. (Leviticus 25:8-10)
  • Nebuchadnezzar acknowledged God as the Supreme Ruler of the universe after seven times. (Daniel 4:25, 32)
  • After 70 years Tyre as a figure of the earth will be dedicated to the Lord.
  • In like manner, after 70 years, Babylon (or Satan’s kingdom) will be divided and punished. (Isaiah 23:15, 17)

Of course we could add many more Scriptures that also identify with the number 7 and that point to the fulfillment of all things after 7 millenniums, as we have entered into the 8th millennium, since over 7000 years have elapsed since the 17th day of the 2nd month of Noah’s calendar (when the door was shut and the Flood commenced) to May 21, 2011, which had the same underlying date in the Hebrew calendar of the 17th day of the 2nd month.

Some of those interesting references are as follows:

  • Jacob bowed before Esau (typifying God Himself) seven times. (Genesis 33:3)
  • Seven priests bearing seven rams’ horns (jubiles), on the seventh day shall encompass Jericho seven times (Joshua 6:4)
  • The child of the Shunammite sneezed seven times, after God used Elisha to bring him back to life. (2 Kings 4:35) 
  • Naaman the leper was told to wash in the Jordan River seven times to be cleansed of his leprosy. (2 Kings 5:10, 14)
  •  The words of the LORD are purified seven times. (Psalm 12:6)
  • Seven times a day is God to be praised. (Psalm 119:164)
  • A just (or righteous) man falleth down and risest up again seven times (Proverbs 24:16)
  • The furnace that Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego were thrown into was heated up seven times. (Daniel 3:19) 

Seventh [hebdomos:G1442]

Let’s now turn our attention to the Greek word for seventh in Hebrews 4:4 to see how God employs it in eight other places: 

Verse 52 John 4:46-54 includes this expression and ties it into the healing of the nobleman’s son at the seventh hour (1:00 PM): So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum. {47} When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. {48} Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe. {49} The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die. {50} Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way. {51} And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told [him], saying, Thy son liveth. {52} Then enquired he of them the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him, Yesterday at the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] hour the fever left him. {53} So the father knew that [it was] at the same hour, in the which Jesus said unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself believed, and his whole house. {54} This [is] again the second miracle [that] Jesus did, when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.

The number seven also is related to Christ returning in judgment as was noted earlier in  Jude 1:14,  And Enoch also, the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

Since we are on this reference, I want to take the opportunity to make a correction regarding a question I answered during one of our Sunday Q & A’s regarding this verse. I had said that Enoch could not have been the seventh from Adam, which was incorrect. I went back and checked the Biblical Timeline of History, and sure enough Enoch most certainly was the seventh generation of Calendar Reference Patriarchs, so please take note of that; here they are: 

  1. Adam
  2. Seth
  3. Enos
  4. Cainan (or Kenan)
  5. Mahalaleel
  6. Jared
  7. Enoch

The next passage in which seventh appears is in Revelation 8:1, which has to do with the time of the end, and specifically, the first 2300 days of the Great Tribulation of our day (May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011), when virtually nobody became saved:

And when he had opened the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

In the next three citations, the seventh angel (or messenger) is highlighted, Who is the Lord Jesus Christ: 

In Revelation 10:7 we learn:  But in the days [hemera:G2250] of the voice of the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

By the way, Revelation 10:7 is the only Scripture besides Hebrews 4:4 that contains the two words, days and seventh. 

Revelation 11:15 similarly affirms: And the seventh [hebdomos:G1442]  angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

Revelation 16:17 likewise teaches: And the seventh [hebdomos:G1442]  angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

Lastly, Revelation 21:20 outlines the gemstones that make up the foundation of the New Jerusalem; the seventh being chrysolite: The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] , chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

God [theos:G2316] & Did Rest [katapauo:G2664]

Moving forward in verse 4, the next two terms  that we want to investigate are  God and did rest:

For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God [theos:G2316] did rest [katapauo:G2664] the seventh day from all his works. 

These two expressions only emerge again in verse 10 of this same chapter as God and hath ceased:

For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased [katapauo:G2664]

 from his own works, as God [theos:G2316] [did] from his.

This brings us to the closing words in verse 4, namely, …from all his works.

From [apo:G575] All [pas:G3956] His [autos:G846] Works [ergon:G2041]

These four Greek words only appear together again in the subsequent two citations:

Verse 18 of Acts 15:13-31 records the following events in the early church regarding how they dealt with the ever present threat of the Judaizers, who were bent on trying to keep the Law in order to be saved: 

And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men [and] brethren, hearken unto me: {14} Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. {15} And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,{16} After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up: {17} That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things. {18} Known unto God are all [pas:G3956] his [autos:G846] works [ergon:G2041] from [apo:G575] the beginning of the world. {19} Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God: {20} But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and [from] fornication, and [from] things strangled, and [from] blood. {21} For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day. {22} Then pleased it the apostles and elders, with the whole church, to send chosen men of their own company to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; [namely], Judas surnamed Barsabas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren: {23} And they wrote [letters] by them after this manner; The apostles and elders and brethren [send] greeting unto the brethren which are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia: {24} Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, [Ye must] be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no [such] commandment: {25} It seemed good unto us, being assembled with one accord, to send chosen men unto you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, {26} Men that have hazarded their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. {27} We have sent therefore Judas and Silas, who shall also tell [you] the same things by mouth. {28} For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things; {29} That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well. {30} So when they were dismissed, they came to Antioch: and when they had gathered the multitude together, they delivered the epistle: {31} [Which] when they had read, they rejoiced for the consolation. 

On the other hand, verse 18 of  2 Timothy 4:1-18 include some very important admonitions that Paul makes, under divine inspiration, to his young protege` Timothy and to us as well, as he reveals some of the adversities that befell him in his ministry:   

I charge [thee] therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; {2} Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. {3} For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; {4} And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. {5} But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry. {6} For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. {7} I have fought a good fight, I have finished [my] course, I have kept the faith: {8} Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. {9} Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me: {10} For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia. {11} Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry. {12} And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus. {13} The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring [with thee], and the books, [but] especially the parchments. {14} Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: {15} Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words. {16} At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may not be laid to their charge. {17} Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and [that] all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. {18} And the Lord shall deliver me from [apo:G575] every [pas:G3956] evil work [ergon:G2041], and will preserve [me] unto his [autos:G846]  heavenly kingdom: to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen. 

Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study (which won’t be until June 19th as we will be out of state.) Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing next. 

Hebrews 4 - Part 7

June 19, 2022

Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 4 - Part 7, and today’s date is June 19, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 4:1-12,

 

 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

In our last study we were working on verse 4, and I mentioned that before proceeding to verse 5, we would take a detour to consider Genesis 2:2, which is being quoted in Hebrews 4:4,  

And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

Before looking more closely at this verse, we are immediately struck by a series of three words that are repeated: 

  1. on the seventh day
  2. His work
  3. which He had made

As you can imagine, each of these three terms carry a tremendous amount of spiritual weight as I hope to illustrate, Lord willing. By contrast in Hebrews 4:4, only the expression, seventh is repeated.  

Seventh [hebdomos:G1442]

It might be helpful to review what we discovered about the Greek word, seventh, in our previous lesson prior to discussing its Hebrew equivalent. This Greek expression surfaces in eight other passage, which can be divided into four main spiritual groupings:

  1. In verse 52 of John 4:46-54 we learned about the healing of the nobleman's son at the seventh hour (which is also repeated in verse 53) - pointing to spiritual healing or salvation:

So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum. {47} When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went unto him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. {48} Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe. {49} The nobleman saith unto him, Sir, come down ere my child die. {50} Jesus saith unto him, Go thy way; thy son liveth. And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way. {51} And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told [him], saying, Thy son liveth. {52} Then enquired he of them the hour when he began to amend. And they said unto him, Yesterday at the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] hour the fever left him. {53} So the father knew that [it was] at the same hour, in the which Jesus said unto him, Thy son liveth: and himself believed, and his whole house. {54} This [is] again the second miracle [that] Jesus did, when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.

  1. The next entry involves the seventh seal in Revelation 8:1, marking the time of the end, and specifically, the first 2300 days of the Great Tribulation of our day (May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011), when virtually nobody became saved, as Christ initiated His judgment at His own house first.

And when he had opened the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

God’s judgment (which includes God’s saints, as they work in tandem both during the “day” of salvation as well as during  the “day” of judgment) is also emphasized in Jude 14 - the prophecy of Enoch: 

And Enoch also, the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

Incidentally, the figure of ten thousands is also employed in the Old Testament, according to the following two examples in Deuteronomy 33:2 and 17 respectively:

And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them. ... {17} His glory [is like] the firstling of his bullock, and his horns [are like] the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they [are] the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they [are] the thousands of Manasseh. 

  1. In the third grouping, the seventh angel (or messenger) is highlighted, Who is the Lord Jesus Christ in three citations: 

In Revelation 10:7 we learn:  But in the days of the voice of the seventh [hebdomos:G1442] angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

Revelation 11:15 similarly affirms: And the seventh [hebdomos:G1442]  angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

Revelation 16:17 likewise teaches: And the seventh [hebdomos:G1442]  angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

  1.  Revelation 21:20 make up the fourth grouping, in which the gemstones that make up the foundation of the New Jerusalem are in view; the seventh gemstone being chrysolite: The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh [hebdomos:G1442], chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

And On The Seventh [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT* 2318b] Day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852]

Here are some of the ways that God employs these two terms together, and on the seventh and day:

The very next verse, in Genesis 2:3, includes these two words as well, and emphasizes the importance of the seventh day, as God both blessed and sanctified (or set it apart as holy) because it highlights the fact that God rested from His works of Creation. Why is this significant? 

*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT)

The reason this is noteworthy is the spiritual application (which we have known for some time now) in which  God’s elect are to rest from their own works (to become saved), and instead rest in the finished work of Christ that He had accomplished at the foundation of the world on their behalf: 

And God blessed the seventh [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852], and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

The great importance of the the seventh day (Saturday) Sabbath in the Old Testament was to be strictly observed for this reason and the penalty for not resting in the finished work of Christ at the foundation of the world is especially highlighted in the incident of the man who picked up some sticks in Numbers 15:32-26, 

And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath [shabbath:H7676/TWOT 2323b] day. [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852] {33} And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. {34} And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. {35} And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. {36} And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.

What this man did illustrates that even the slightest effort to introduce human works into the pristine work of Christ at the foundation of the world, would immediately contaminate it, resulting in death and annihilation. The spiritual significance of this fact cannot be underscored enough.

I would also like to point out that the word, sabbath in Numbers 15:32 is a transliteration of the Hebrew noun, shabbath [H7676/TWOT 2323b], (sheh-bawth) which is derived from the verb, shabath [H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c] (shah-vath), signifying to cease or desist from working. 

Exodus 31:15 likewise makes this solemn declaration; please note the inclusion of the term the sabbath as well, along with the related term, of rest: 

Six days may work be done; but in the seventh [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] [is] the sabbath [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c] of rest [shabbathown:H7677/TWOT 2323d - from H7676], holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth [any] work in the sabbath day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852], he shall surely be put to death.

Another example of the seventh day is found in conjunction with the manna (pointing to Christ as the Bread of Life and His Work in salvation) that was not to be gathered on the seventh day in Exodus 16:22-30, in which these two words surface four times in verses 26-27, and 29-30, 

And it came to pass, [that] on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one [man]: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. {23} And he said unto them, This [is that] which the LORD hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. {24} And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. {25} And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day [is] a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. {26} Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh  [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852], [which is] the sabbath, in it there shall be none. {27} And it came to pass, [that] there went out [some] of the people on the seventh  [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852]  for to gather, and they found none. {28} And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? {29} See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh  [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day. [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852]  {30} So the people rested on the seventh  [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day. [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852] 

Here are some more Scriptures to consider that include these two expressions, seventh and day: 

This is also the case in verses 10-11 of  Exodus 20:8-11 with respect to the 4th Commandment: Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. {9} Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: {10} But the seventh [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852] [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates: {11} For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day. [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852]  

Deuteronomy 5 is the parallel chapter to Exodus 20 and in verse 14 the fourth commandment is also in view, along with the expression, the sabbath, as was noted earlier in Numbers 15:32,  

But the seventh [sh@biy`iy:H7637/TWOT 2318b] day [yowm:H3117/TWOT 852] [is] the sabbath [shabbath:H7676/TWOT 2323b] of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.

God [’elohiym:H430/TWOT 93c] Ended [kalah:H3615/TWOT 982-984] His Work [m@la’kah:H4399/TWOT 1068b]

The next phrase in Genesis 2:2, …God ended his work… is made up of three expressions which only appear together again in two other citations that are both related to Solomon’s Temple, which pictures the completion of the Body of Christ, whose salvation God secured at… the foundation of the world:

1 Chronicles 28:20  records David’s wise counsel to his son Solomon: 

And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do [it]: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God [’elohiym:H430/TWOT 93c], [even] my God [’elohiym:H430/TWOT 93c], [will be] with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished [kalah:H3615/TWOT 982-984] all the work [m@la’kah:H4399/TWOT 1068b] for the service of the house of the LORD.

2 Chronicles 4:11 is focused on Huram (or Hiram) who is mentioned in 1 Kings 7:13-14, And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. {14} He [was] a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father [was] a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work. And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God;

Speaking of this man Huram (or Hiram), 2 Chronicles 4:11 states: And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished [kalah:H3615/TWOT 982-984] the work  [m@la’kah:H4399/TWOT 1068b] that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God; [’elohiym:H430/TWOT 93c]

Let’s proceed to the next phrase in Genesis 2:2 …which He had made and He rested…

He Had Made [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708-1709] & He Rested [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c]

Besides Genesis 2:2 and 2:3, these two expressions emerge in the subsequent five citations:

These two words emerge in the command of Exodus 23:12 as thou shalt do  and thou shalt rest: Six days thou shalt do [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708-1709] thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c]: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

Verse 17 of Exodus 31:12-17 these are translated as made and he rested:  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {13} Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is] a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that [ye] may know that I [am] the LORD that doth sanctify you. {14} Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it [is] holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth [any] work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. {15} Six days may work be done; but in the seventh [is] the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth [any] work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. {16} Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, [for] a perpetual covenant. {17} It [is] a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for [in] six days the LORD made [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708-1709] heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c], and was refreshed.

In verse 3 of  Nehemiah 6:1-3 one learns of some who were intent on thwarting Nehemiah’s efforts and those of his compatriots in finishing the wall; these two words are expressed as doing and cease:  

Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Geshem the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had builded the wall, and [that] there was no breach left therein; (though at that time I had not set up the doors upon the gates;) {2} That Sanballat and Geshem sent unto me, saying, Come, let us meet together in [some one of] the villages in the plain of Ono. But they thought to do me mischief. {3} And I sent messengers unto them, saying,

I [am] doing [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708-1709] a great work, so that I cannot come down: why should the work cease [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c], whilst I leave it, and come down to you?

Ezekiel 16 is a chapter that chronicles the rise and fall of national Israel in this historical parable as she was married to Jehovah, and committed spiritual adultery, for which God had to divorce her. In verse 41 these terms appear as: and execute along with, and I will cause thee to cease: 

And they shall burn thine houses with fire, and execute [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708-1709] judgments upon thee in the sight of many women: and I will cause thee to cease [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c] from playing the harlot, and thou also shalt give no hire any more.

In similar fashion Ezekiel 23 is another historical parable in which God denounces both the ten tribes (Samaria) or Aholah as well as the two tribes (Judah) or Aholibah for their spiritual adultery, necessitating the judgment of God that began at His own house first; these words are rendered in verse 48 as to cease and to do:  

Thus will I cause lewdness to cease [shabath:H7673/TWOT 2323, 2323c]  out of the land, that all women may be taught not to do [`asah:H6213/TWOT 1708-1709] after your lewdness.

Let’s stop here for today. Lord willing, in our next study we will resume with Hebrews 4:5, And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.