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Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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Hebrews 3 - Part 14

January 23, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together...This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 14, and today’s date is January 23, 2022.  I’ll read Psalm 95:7-11,


For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


In Part 13 last week we left off at the last expression in Psalm 95:8, namely …in the wilderness.


In The Wilderness [midbar:H4057] 


This term, in the wilderness is a curious one because it stems from  the verb dabar, or to speak [which is the same as the noun form - (dabar:H1697) - or Word]  In fact they are identically spelled (besides the vowel pointings); the only difference between midbar (wilderness) and dabar (to speak) is that midbar has an additional mem (the 13th letter of the Hebrew alphabet) in front of it. It is translated primarily as wilderness, and every once in awhile as desert, once as south, and once as speech, as the following citations indicate: 


In our last study we spent some time looking at the Hebrew term for provocation or m@aribah (H4808) in verse 8, which was also one of the places (Meribah) (M@riybah:H4809)] in the wilderness where the Israelites rebelled against Jehovah, as Numbers 27:14 acknowledges; midbar surfaces here as in the desert as well as in the wilderness:  


For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert [midbar:H4057]  of Zin, in the strife [m@riybah:H4808]  of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that [is] the water of Meribah [M@riybah:H4809] in Kadesh in the wilderness [midbar:H4057] of Zin.


Numbers 14:29, 32-33, and 35 highlights God’s judgment on those who were 20 years of age and older (with the exception of Joshua and Caleb), and in this passage the word, wilderness, arises five times:  Your carcass shall fall in this wilderness [midbar:H4057]; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, ... {32} But [as for] you, your carcass, they shall fall in this wilderness. [midbar:H4057]  {33} And your children shall wander in the wilderness [midbar:H4057]  forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses are wasted in the wilderness. [midbar:H4057]  ... {35} I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness [midbar:H4057]  they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.


I mentioned earlier that there is one reference in which wilderness or midbar is translated as from the south and it is found in verse 6 of Psalm 75:1-10,


[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, A Psalm [or] Song of Asaph.] Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks, [unto thee] do we give thanks: for [that] thy name is near thy wondrous works declare. {2} When I shall receive the congregation I will judge uprightly. {3} The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah. {4} I said unto the fools, Deal not foolishly: and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn: {5} Lift not up your horn on high: speak [not with] a stiff neck. {6} For promotion [cometh] neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south. [midbar:H4057] {7} But God [is] the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another. {8} For in the hand of the LORD [there is] a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall ring [them] out, [and] drink [them]. {9} But I will declare for ever; I will sing praises to the God of Jacob. {10} All the horns of the wicked also will I cut off; [but] the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.


Song of Solomon 4:3 is the sole notice in which midbar is rendered as and thy speech, referring to God’s elect: 


Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves' eyes within thy locks: thy hair [is] as a flock of goats, that appear from mount Gilead. {2} Thy teeth [are] like a flock [of sheep that are even] shorn, which came up from the washing; whereof every one bear twins, and none [is] barren among them. {3} Thy lips [are] like a thread [chuwt:H2339] of scarlet [shaniy:H8144], and thy speech [midbar:H4057]  [is] comely: thy temples [are] like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks.


Incidentally, the the two expressions like a thread or chuwt (H2339) of scarlet or shaniy (H8144) are only found again in Joshua 2:18 with respect to the salvation of Rahab and her house, because the scarlet thread points to the Atonement of Christ at… the foundation of the world, and is found extensively throughout the elements of the Tabernacle and the priests’ garments:


Behold, [when] we come into the land, thou shalt bind this line of scarlet [shaniy:H8144] thread [chuwt:H2339]  in the window which thou didst let us down by: and thou shalt bring thy father, and thy mother, and thy brethren, and all thy father's household, home unto thee. 


Number 15:32-26 is an important account regarding the man that picked up sticks on the Sabbath day, in which this word is once again rendered as in the wilderness in verse 32. This narrative is highlighting the fact that even the slightest human effort that is added to the Work and Faith of Christ is an abomination to God, and worthy of death and annihilation. Keep this in mind as I will be referring back to this a little later when we discuss Acts 15:10 and the words, fathers and tempted in the New Testament:


And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness [midbar:H4057], they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day. {33} And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation. {34} And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. {35} And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. {36} And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.


Jeremiah 23  (like Ezekiel 34) are two significant chapters that present a scathing indictment against God’s corporate people. Verse 10 of Jeremiah 23:1-17 includes this expression, of the wilderness: 


Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD. {2} Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD. {3} And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase. {4} And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. {5} Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. {6} In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. {7} Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that they shall no more say, The LORD liveth, which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; {8} But, The LORD liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land. {9} Mine heart within me is broken because of the prophets; all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, and like a man whom wine hath overcome, because of the LORD, and because of the words of his holiness. {10} For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourneth; the pleasant places of the wilderness [midbar:H4057] are dried up, and their course is evil, and their force [is] not right. {11} For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith the LORD. {12} Wherefore their way shall be unto them as slippery [ways] in the darkness: they shall be driven on, and fall therein: for I will bring evil upon them, [even] the year of their visitation, saith the LORD. {13} And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err. {14} I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah. {15} Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land. {16} Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you: they make you vain: they speak a vision of their own heart, [and] not out of the mouth of the LORD. {17} They say still unto them that despise me, The LORD hath said, Ye shall have peace; and they say unto every one that walketh after the imagination of his own heart, No evil shall come upon you.


In The Wilderness [eremos:G2048] 


Going back to Part 7 of this series we considered Hebrews 3:8, and the last word in that verse is  wilderness which is how it is generally translated, and then as desert, similar to the Hebrew.  It is also rendered as desolate,  to a lesser degree and once as solitary  in 49 other Scriptures. This term is used in a variety of different contexts. John the Baptist preached in the wilderness, and the Jews wandered there for 40 years because they did not believe God, as this chapter and Hebrews 4 highlights. Jesus was driven there for a time of testing during which He was tempted by Satan. Jesus also prayed in a solitary place and both He and His disciples resorted there in order to rest from the rigors of constantly ministering to others. We are told that the desolate woman (typified by Sarah) has more children than the married wife (whom Hagar represents). Jesus acknowledges that judgment must first begin at God's house in Matthew 23:38, 


 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. [eremos:G2048]


The following citations further illustrate God’s usage of this word:


We will also encounter this word again when we arrive, Lord willing, at Hebrews 3:17 of this chapter: But with whom was he grieved forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? [eremos:G2048]


In Stephen’s testimony in front of the council, this word emerges five times in Acts 7:30, 36, 38, 42, and 44, And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness [eremos:G2048] of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush. ... {36} He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness [eremos:G2048] forty years. ... {38} This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness [eremos:G2048] with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and [with] our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us: ... {42} Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices [by the space of] forty years in the wilderness? [eremos:G2048] ... {44} Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness [eremos:G2048], as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.


1 Corinthians 10:5 sets the tone for the events that are being discussed in both Hebrews 3 and 4: But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. [eremos:G2048] 


Let’s now proceed to Psalm 95:9, When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.


Your Fathers [’ab:H1] Tempted [nacaw:H5254] 


The words, your fathers or ’ab  and tempted or nacaw  emerge together in the following three Scriptures:


Deuteronomy 8:16 expresses these as thy fathers and He might prove:  Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers [’ab:H1] knew not, that he might humble thee, and that he might prove [nacaw:H5254] thee, to do thee good at thy latter end;


In verse 22 of Judges 2:20-23 these are rendered through them I may prove and their fathers; the context of these verses has to do with the cycle of rebellion>oppression>deliverance>rest that characterizes the book of Judges, which has to do with our current, prolonged “day” of judgment:  


And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; {21} I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died: {22} That through them I may prove [nacaw:H5254]  Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers [’ab:H1] did keep [it], or not. {23} Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.


The last reference also appears in Judges 3:4 and continues this same theme, in which these terms are expressed as to prove and their fathers:  


Now these [are] the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, [even] as many [of Israel] as had not known all the wars of Canaan; {2} Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof; {3} [Namely], five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath. {4} And they were to prove [nacaw:H5254] Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers [’ab:H1]  by the hand of Moses.


In Part 8 we examined the individual Greek words, fathers or pater and tempted or pierazo in Hebrews 3:9, along with the other main terms in this verse, proved, saw, and works. One verse that was not discussed was verse 10 of Acts 15:1-12, in which these words are rendered as tempt ye and fathers:


Tempted [peirazo:G3985] & Fathers [pater:G3962]

 

And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, [and said], Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. {2} When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question. {3} And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren. {4} And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and [of] the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them. {5} But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command [them] to keep the law of Moses. {6} And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter. {7} And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men [and] brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe. {8} And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as [he did] unto us; {9} And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith. {10} Now therefore why tempt ye [peirazo:G3985] God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers [pater:G3962] nor we were able to bear? {11} But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they. {12} Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles by them.


Please note how the insidious influence of “works” crept into the early church, and sadly remained an issue all throughout the duration of the 1955 years of the New Testament church era. Paul himself was afflicted by the Judiazers that kept pushing this “work,” and he referred to them as a thorn in the flesh in 2 Corinthians 12:7,


And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.


In two key passages, Paul under divine inspiration, pens these critical admonitions:


Galatians 5:1-6 unabashedly targets this issue of circumcision: Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. {2} Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. {3} For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. {4} Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace. {5} For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. {6} For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.


Galatians 3:10-14 likewise affirms: For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. {11} But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, [it is] evident: for, The just shall live by faith. {12} And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. {13} Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree: {14} That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.


Me Proved [bachan:H974] & Saw [ra’ah:H7200]


Coming back to Psalm 95:9, the next two expressions are: me proved or bachan along with saw or ra’ah. They surface in the subsequent citations:


Verse 12 of 1 Chronicles 29:12-17 includes these expressions as triest and have I seen, which is part of David’ prayer with respect to his role in preparing the raw materials for the building of the Temple, in addition to all those in Israel who shared in that holy endeavor: 


Both riches and honour [come] of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand [is] power and might; and in thine hand [it is] to make great, and to give strength unto all. {13} Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name. {14} But who [am] I, and what [is] my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things [come] of thee, and of thine own have we given thee. {15} For we [are] strangers before thee, and sojourners, as [were] all our fathers: our days on the earth [are] as a shadow, and [there is] none abiding. {16} O LORD our God, all this store that we have prepared to build thee an house for thine holy name [cometh] of thine hand, and [is] all thine own. {17} I know also, my God, that thou triest [bachan:H974] the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen [ra’ah:H7200] with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.


The remaining three references are all in the book of Jeremiah:


Verse 20 Jeremiah 11:20-23 includes these as thou triest and let me see, as God protects the prophet from those who wanted to kill him for speaking the truth:  


But, O LORD of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest [bachan:H974] the reins and the heart, let me see [ra’ah:H7200]  thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I revealed my cause. {21} Therefore thus saith the LORD of the men of Anathoth, that seek thy life, saying, Prophesy not in the name of the LORD, that thou die not by our hand: {22} Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will punish them: the young men shall die by the sword; their sons and their daughters shall die by famine: {23} And there shall be no remnant of them: for I will bring evil upon the men of Anathoth, [even] the year of their visitation.


Jeremiah 12 is another chapter that deals with God’s judgment beginning at His own house first. I’ll read verses 1-10, and in verse 3 these words are expressed as me thou hast seen me along with and tried: 


Righteous [art] thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of [thy] judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? [wherefore] are all they happy that deal very treacherously? {2} Thou hast planted them, yea, they have taken root: they grow, yea, they bring forth fruit: thou [art] near in their mouth, and far from their reins.{3} But thou, O LORD, knowest me: thou hast seen me [ra’ah:H7200], and tried [bachan:H974] mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter. {4} How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our last end. {5} If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses? and [if] in the land of peace, [wherein] thou trustedst, [they wearied thee], then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan? {6} For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they have dealt treacherously with thee; yea, they have called a multitude after thee: believe them not, though they speak fair words unto thee. {7} I have forsaken mine house, I have left mine heritage; I have given the dearly beloved of my soul into the hand of her enemies. {8} Mine heritage is unto me as a lion in the forest; it crieth out against me: therefore have I hated it. {9} Mine heritage [is] unto me [as] a speckled bird, the birds round about [are] against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour. {10} Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness.


Jeremiah 20 is a similar chapter in which these same terms are found in verse 12 of verses 7-13, 


O LORD, thou hast deceived me, and I was deceived: thou art stronger than I, and hast prevailed: I am in derision daily, every one mocketh me. {8} For since I spake, I cried out, I cried violence and spoil; because the word of the LORD was made a reproach unto me, and a derision, daily. {9} Then I said, I will not make mention of him, nor speak any more in his name. But [his word] was in mine heart as a burning fire shut up in my bones, and I was weary with forbearing, and I could not [stay]. {10} For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him. {11} But the LORD [is] with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail: they shall be greatly ashamed; for they shall not prosper: [their] everlasting confusion shall never be forgotten. {12} But, O LORD of hosts, that triest [bachan:H974] the righteous, [and] seest the reins and the heart, let me see [ra’ah:H7200] thy vengeance on them: for unto thee have I opened my cause. {13} Sing unto the LORD, praise ye the LORD: for he hath delivered the soul of the poor from the hand of evildoers.


Well on that very hopeful note, we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next study we will complete our investigation of verse 9 and move on to verse 10. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.

Hebrews 3 - Part 15

January 30, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together...This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 15, and today’s date is January 30, 2022.  I’ll read Psalm 95:7-11,


For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


For a number of weeks now we have been comparing Hebrews 3:7-11 with Psalm 95:7-11. Last Sunday we left off at the term, my work, which is the last word in Psalm 95:9.


My Work [po`al:H6467] 


The following passages illustrate how God employs this noun, my work, or po`al that can refer to God’s work and well as the work of His elect. God also touches on the work of unsaved man and the consequences of their actions (including their thoughts and words). Po`al stems from the identically spelled verb,  pa`al (H6466), with the exception of the vowel pointing. I would like for us to consider each of these three categories:


  1. God’s works. 
  2. The works of the elect.
  3. The works of the non-elect.





God’s Work(s):


To behold God’s works in Creation as well as in history and especially the Work of the Lord Jesus Christ in the Atonement at… the foundation of the world (and in the demonstration in 33 AD) causes one to stand in awe of His majesty, perfection, love, and  unparalleled power. 


It is no wonder that Deuteronomy 32:4 solemnly exclaims seven of God’s holy attributes: [He is] the Rock, his work [po`al:H6467] [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.


In Psalm 44:1 both the noun as well as the verb form are included. The noun form is rendered [what] work or  po`al, along with the verb form, thou didst or  pa`al: 


[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, Maschil.] We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, [what] work [po`al:H6467] thou didst [pa`al:H6466] in their days, in the times of old.


And Psalm 143:5 adds: I remember the days of old; I meditate on all thy works [po`al:H6467]; I muse on the work of thy hands.


The Works Of The Elect


In speaking of the works of the elect we have to be very clear that we are not insinuating in any way, shape or form that man can do some work for salvation. That notion is patently false, and completely disregards the truth regarding man’s innate spiritual status, which is to be …dead in trespasses and sins… as Ephesians 2:1-3 (among many other Scriptures)  acknowledges:


And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; {2} Wherein in time past ye walked [or “lived”] according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: {3} Among whom also we all had our conversation [or “lifestyle”] in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 


What is meant by “the works of the elect” has everything to do with God. We are told in Philippians 2:13 that God works in His people …to will and to do of His good pleasure.


This truth is also reinforced in Ephesians 2:10, following a series of verses that maintain that salvation is by grace alone, apart from any human effort whatsoever; I’ll read verses 4-10,


But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, {5} Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened [“made alive”] us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) {6} And hath raised [us] up together, and made [us] sit together in heavenly [places] in Christ Jesus: {7} That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in [his] kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. {8} For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God: {9} Not of works, lest any man should boast. {10} For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.


So by comparing Philippians 2:13 with Ephesians 2:10 we recognize that God is the One responsible for any works in the life of God’s elect that are done to the glory of God. Moreover, these works were ordained by God before the world began, so all the credit, glory and honor goes to God exclusively for orchestrating all thingsaccording to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will, as verse 11 of Ephesians 1:3-14 testifies:  


Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ: {4} According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: {5} Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, {6} To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. {7} In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; {8} Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; {9} Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: {10} That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; [even] in him: {11} In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: {12} That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. {13} In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, {14} Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.


This same idea is corroborated in the Old Testament in Isaiah 28:16,


LORD, thou wilt ordain peace for us: for thou also hast wrought all our works in us.


The other factor to keep in mind is the reality that just as God worked in and through His people to fulfill the Great Commission, He is similarly working through His elect now in our present “day” of judgment to proclaim that God’s wrath is upon the world (which is Satan’s kingdom) and  that He is systematically dividing and shaming it. Psalm 149:6-9 boldly declares one of two tasks that God’s elect are to be doing at this time:


[Let] the high [praises] of God [be] in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; {7} To execute vengeance upon the heathen, [and] punishments upon the people; {8} To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; {9} To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.


 Secondly, God is also “feeding His sheep” with His Word, which is the other part of the task of this  “New” Commission that God has commanded His people to fulfill at this time. Additionally, God continues to open up the understanding of more and more truth that has heretofore been kept hidden by God’s decree, even though it has always been in the Bible - since nothing new is being added to the Word of God - as God stipulated in Revelation 22:18-19.


For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: {19} And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and [from] the things which are written in this book. 


This same admonition is also found in Deuteronomy 4:2 and 12:32, in which the same Hebrew words for add and diminish are utilized:


Ye shall not add [yacaph:H3254] unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish [gara`:H1639] [ought] from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you…{12:32}What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add  [yacaph:H3254] thereto, nor diminish [gara`:H1639]  from it.


The Works Of The Elect


Thus the subsequent references underscore the works of God’s elect children that God causes to take place:


Psalm 104:23 provides this statement, in which this term is included as unto his work: Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.


This verse applies to the saved as well as the unsaved on a physical level, which took place for millennia before the invention of electricity. God Who is the greatest Worker of all, commands this of mankind. But we know that there is a deeper spiritual meaning embedded in this verse that connects to what the Lord says in the New Testament regarding working during the daytime, and work ceasing during the night, John 9:4 links parabolically to Psalm 104:23 and highlights the cessation of salvation during the spiritual nighttime which characterizes our current  “day” of judgment, in which the man in view is none other than Savior:


 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work


Verse 12 of Ruth 2:11-12 is Boaz’gracious statement to Ruth, exemplifying the work that God wrought through Ruth (as a type of the redeemed), and the commendation she receives from Boaz (who represents the Savior): 


And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and [how] thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. {12} The LORD recompense thy work [po`al:H6467], and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.


Verse 2 of Job 7:1-2 expresses this as his work too: [Is there] not an appointed time to man upon earth? [are not] his days also like the days of an hireling? {2} As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow, and as an hireling looketh for [the reward of] his work [po`al:H6467]:


This is a unique verse on another level that relates to God’s saints after May 21, 2011, in which we were anticipating to be raptured, and not go through the “day” of judgment. Luke 17:7-8 teaches: 


But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat? {8} And will not rather say unto him, Make ready wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself, and serve me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward thou shalt eat and drink? 


We recognized, after some time had passed, that God had additional “work” for His people to accomplish, after the Great Commission was fulfilled - thus ending God’s salvation program -  according to Matthew 24:14,


And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.


That responsibility entailed giving the Master food and drink. But how were we supposed to do that? Matthew 25:31-46 helps to clarify what the Lord meant by giving Him food and drink first:


When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: {32} And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats: {33} And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. {34} Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: {35} For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: {36} Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. {37} Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed [thee]? or thirsty, and gave [thee] drink? {38}  When saw we thee a stranger, and took [thee] in? or naked, and clothed [thee]? {39}  Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? {40} And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me. {41} Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: {42} For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: {43} I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. {44} Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? {45} Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did [it] not to me. {46} And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.


This, in turn, reminded me of the account of Elijah (whose name means “My God is Jehovah” )and the widow woman and her son in 1 Kings 17:8-16, in which she gave a portion of the last bit of her meal (“grain”) and oil  to Elijah in obedience first, and then she and her son ate, and thus God graciously provided for their physical needs too:  


And the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, {9} Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which [belongeth] to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee. {10} So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman [was] there gathering of sticks: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink. {11} And as she was going to fetch [it], he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread in thine hand. {12} And she said, [As] the LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I [am] gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die. {13} And Elijah said unto her, Fear not; go [and] do as thou hast said: but make me thereof a little cake first, and bring [it] unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son. {14} For thus saith the LORD God of Israel, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day [that] the LORD sendeth rain upon the earth. {15} And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat [many] days. {16} [And] the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Elijah. 


The Works Of The Non-Elect


Let’s now consider some notices that deal with the works of the non-elect:


Psalm 9:16 is an important Scripture in that it explains in which way Jehovah makes Himself known to the non-elect first and foremost; it also reveals that the works of the wicked are a snare to them: 


The LORD is known [by] the judgment [which] he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.


Each of the verses in Psalm 28:3-5 include a different word that is found in this particular word family:  Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers [pa`al:H6466, verb] of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbours, but mischief [is] in their hearts. {4} Give them according to their deeds [po`al:H6467, noun], and according to the wickedness of their endeavours: give them after the work of their hands; render to them their desert. {5} Because they regard not the works [p@`ullah:H6468 - noun, passive participle of H6466] of the LORD, nor the operation of his hands, he shall destroy them, and not build them up.


In verse 3 the term, the workers, is the verb form, pa`al, from which the other two nouns are derived from. In verse 4, the noun form, po`al appears as them according to their deeds.  This is followed by another noun, the works [p@`ullah:H6468], which is the passive participle of the verb form, the workers or pa`al in verse 3.

 


Verse 12 of Proverbs 24:11-12 includes this term as according to his works: If thou forbear to deliver [them that are] drawn unto death, and [those that are] ready to be slain; {12} If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider [it]? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth [not] he know [it]? and shall [not] he render to [every] man according to his works? [po`al:H6467] 


However in Isaiah 59:6 this is translated as the act:  Behold, the LORD'S hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear: {2} But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid [his] face from you, that he will not hear. {3} For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness. {4} None calleth for justice, nor [any] pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity. {5} They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper. {6} Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works [ma`aseh:H4639]: their works [ma`aseh:H4639] [are] works [ma`aseh:H4639] of iniquity, and the act [po`al:H6467] of violence [is] in their hands. {7} Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts [are] thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction [are] in their paths. {8} The way of peace they know not; and [there is] no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.


Incidentally, you might have noticed the expression works three times in verse 6. This is a different word [ma`aseh:H4639], that stems from the word to do or make, `asah (H6213)  


My [mou:G3450] Works [ergon:2041] 


By contrast, the Greek words my or mou and works or ergon are found in Hebrews 3:9,


When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my [mou:G3450] works  [ergon:2041] forty years. 


These two expressions appear together in 15 other citations, and we will consider a few of them:


In James 2:14-26 these two words surface together in verses 14 and 18 in this significant treatise on faith and works, pertaining to both the Faith of Christ and The Work of Christ which is encapsulated in verse 18, in which works emerge three times, and my twice; all together in these 13 verses works are found 12 times:


What [doth it] profit, my [mou:G3450] brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works [ergon:2041]? can faith save him? {15} If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, {16} And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit? {17} Even so faith, if it hath not works [ergon:2041], is dead, being alone. {18} Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works [ergon:2041]: shew me thy faith without thy works [ergon:2041], and I will shew thee my  [mou:G3450] faith by my  [mou:G3450] works. [ergon:2041] {19} Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. {20} But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works [ergon:2041] is dead? {21} Was not Abraham our father justified by works [ergon:2041], when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? {22} Seest thou how faith wrought with his works [ergon:2041], and by works [ergon:2041] was faith made perfect? {23} And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. {24} Ye see then how that by works [ergon:2041] a man is justified, and not by faith only. {25} Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works [ergon:2041], when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way? {26} For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works [ergon:2041] is dead also. 


Verse 26 of Revelation 2:26-28 is found within the context of Chapters 2-3, which is describing the 7 churches that represent all churches and denominations during the 1955 years that spanned the period of the church age. God called them to repent for their spiritual idolatry, and gave them 1955 years to do that, but they refused, and thus He took away their candlestick at the beginning of the Great Tribulation, and the Holy Spirit abandoned them worldwide and without exception; the one in view as the context in verses 27-28 shows is the Lord Jesus Christ (and correlates with Revelation 19:15): 


And he that overcometh, and keepeth my [mou:G3450]  works [ergon:2041] unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: {27} And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father. {28} And I will give him the morning star. 


And Revelation 22:12 affirms:  And, behold, I come quickly; and my [mou:G3450] reward [is] with me, to give every man according as his work [ergon:2041] shall be.


One has to be careful to correctly understand what is being stated here. The reward for the work of the unsaved is death and annihilation. The reward for the elect which is predicated on the Work and Faith of Christ on their behalf is eternal life.


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will move on to Psalm 95:10. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.

Hebrews 3 - Part 16

February 6, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together...This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 16, and today’s date is February 6, 2022.  I’ll read Psalm 95:7-11,


For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


In our examination of Psalm 95:7-11, we are down to verse 10. Let’s consider the first two expressions,


Forty [’arba`iym:H705] Years [shaneh:H8141]


These two words forty or ’arba`iym and years or shaneh are found together in a number of places, and we’ll consider some of them. As we do so, and as in our verse (and its Hebrews counterpart) we want to remember that quite often the number forty (which in Hebrew is not a numeral but a word) has to do with testing.


For instance, God highlights this idea of testing in Deuteronomy 8:2 and 4: And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty [’arba`iym:H705] years [shaneh:H8141]  in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. ... {4} Thy raiment waxed not old upon thee, neither did thy foot swell, these forty [’arba`iym:H705] years. [shaneh:H8141]


Verses 33 and 34 of Numbers 14:26-35 include these two terms: And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, {27} How long [shall I bear with] this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. {28} Say unto them, [As truly as] I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: {29} Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, {30} Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, [concerning] which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. {31} But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. {32} But [as for] you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. {33} And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty [’arba`iym:H705] years [shaneh:H8141], and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness. {34} After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, [even] forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, [even] forty [’arba`iym:H705] years [shaneh:H8141], and ye shall know my breach of promise. {35} I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.


Verse 21 of Nehemiah 9:6-31contains this term in this profound declaration that contrasts God’s unswerving faithfulness to His corporate people, in spite of their persistent rebellion; I am reminded of the statement in 2 Timothy 2:13, as one of the Messiah’s many Titles is Faithful:


If we believe not, [yet] he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself.


Thou, [even] thou, [art] LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all [things] that [are] therein, the seas, and all that [is] therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee. {7} Thou [art] the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; {8} And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give [it, I say], to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou [art] righteous: {9} And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea; {10} And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst thou get thee a name, as [it is] this day. {11} And thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters. {12} Moreover thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go. {13} Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: {14} And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant: {15} And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which thou hadst sworn to give them. {16} But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, {17} And refused to obey, neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but thou [art] a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not. {18} Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This [is] thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations; {19} Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go. {20} Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. {21} Yea, forty [’arba`iym:H705] years [shaneh:H8141]  didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, [so that] they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not. {22} Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. {23} Their children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers, that they should go in to possess [it]. {24} So the children went in and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as they would. {25} And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness. {26} Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations. {27} Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and according to thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out of the hand of their enemies. [The period of the Judges] {28} But after they had rest, they did evil again before thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them] from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies; }{29} And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear. {30} Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands. {31} Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them; for thou [art] a gracious and merciful God.


In Part 8 we discussed the corresponding Greek words for forty years or tessarakonta etos

 

Forty [tessarakonta:G5062]  Years [etos:G2094]


We noted that in Acts 7:30, 36, and 42, Stephen, under divine inspiration, alludes to the 40-year wilderness sojourn three times in His testimony to the council: 


And when forty [tessarakonta:G5062] years [etos:G2094] were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush. ... {36} He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty [tessarakonta:G5062] years. [etos:G2094] ... {42} Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices [by the space of] forty [tessarakonta:G5062] years [etos:G2094] in the wilderness?


These two words also emerge in verse 21 of Acts 13:16-21 which is a portion of Paul’s sermon that he  preached in the synagogue of Antioch in Pisidia:  


Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with [his] hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience. {17} The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it. {18} And about the time of forty years [tessarakontaetes:G5063] suffered he their manners in the wilderness. {19} And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot. {20} And after that he gave [unto them] judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet .{21}And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty [tessarakonta:G5062] years. [etos:G2094] 


In verse 18, we find another word which is translated of forty years. This is actually a related word (G5063), combining forty and years into one compound word - tessarakontaetes 


The last notice in which we find these two terms is in Hebrews 3:17, which we will have only ample opportunity to explore once we get there, Lord willing:  


But with whom was he grieved forty [tessarakonta:G5062]  years [etos:G2094] ? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?


Long Was I Grieved [quwt:H6962] 


The next term that we want to consider in Psalm 95:10 is the expression long was I grieved or quwt (H6962) which surfaces in the following five Scriptures:


In Psalm 119:158 this term is rendered and was grieved: I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved [quwt:H6962]; because they kept not thy word.


As you might be aware of, Psalm 119 is the longest Psalm and covers all 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet and under each of them are eight verses that all begin with that particular letter in Hebrew (not English). We spent some time on each of these 22 Hebrew letters which are “letter-words” unlike English in which the alphabet letters are meaningless by themselves.  These 22 Hebrew “letter-words” were introduced in BMI’s video series on The Treasure of the Lamb during Christmas of 2020. Psalm 119:158 falls under the heading of the 20th letter (ר) which is Resh (in Aramaic) or Rosh (in Hebrew). Rosh (H7218) signifies head, chief, top, and beginning, and corresponds to the Greek expression, arche (G746) which is translated as beginning, principality, corner and first, and points to the glorious Person of God the Son. 


The next entry is in Psalm 139:21, in which this word is rendered as thee? and am not I grieved [quwt:H6962]: Do not I hate them, O LORD, that hate thee? and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee?


The remaining three citations are all found in the book of Ezekiel, which expresses this word as lothe(d):


Ezekiel 6:9 renders this as and they shall lothe: And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall lothe [quwt:H6962] themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.


Ezekiel 20:43 translates this as and ye shall lothe yourselves: And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have been defiled; and ye shall lothe yourselves [quwt:H6962] in your own sight for all your evils that ye have committed.


Ezekiel 36:31 also expresses this as and shall lothe yourselves: Then shall ye remember your own evil ways, and your doings that [were] not good, and shall lothe yourselves [quwt:H6962] in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations.


In Hebrews 3 - Part 9 we encountered the parallel Greek word, I was grieved or prosochthizo   in Hebrews 3:10.


I Was Grieved [prosochthizo:G4360] 


The expression, I was grieved or prosochthizo is only found in one other passage in this same chapter in verse 17, in which it is translated, was he grieved,


But with whom was he grieved [prosochthizo:G4360]  forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?


Both of these citations are referring to that generation of God’s corporate people who died in the wilderness in unbelief.


We can now turn our attention to the next word in Psalm 95:10 which is with [this] generation or dowr: 


With [This] Generation [dowr:H1755] 


The Hebrew term dowr is found in 126 other passages, and primarily as generation, and to a much lesser degree as all, many, and in a few other miscellaneous ways. Incidentally, this noun stems from the Hebrew verb than to dwell or duwr, and is only found  in Psalm 84:10,    


For a day in thy courts [is] better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell [duwr:H1752]in the tents of wickedness. 


Here are some of the ways that God employs the noun form:


Ecclesiastes 1:4 renders this word as generation twice:  [One] generation [dowr:H1755]  passeth away, and [another] generation [dowr:H1755]  cometh: but the earth abideth for ever.


Proverbs 30:11-14 includes this term at the beginning of each of these verses, in speaking of the “generation of evil” which characterizes man’s innate sinfulness:  


[There is] a generation [dowr:H1755] [that] curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother. {12} [There is] a generation [dowr:H1755] [that are] pure in their own eyes, and [yet] is not washed from their filthiness. {13} [There is] a generation [dowr:H1755], O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up. {14} [There is] a generation [dowr:H1755], whose teeth [are as] swords, and their jaw teeth [as] knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from [among] men.


This same theme is repeated in Deuteronomy 32:5, They have corrupted themselves, their spot [is] not [the spot] of his children: [they are] a perverse and crooked generation. [dowr:H1755]


Similarly, Psalm 78:8 includes this expression twice:  And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation [dowr:H1755]; a generation [dowr:H1755] [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.


Judges 2:10 makes an important distinction along these same lines:  And also all that generation [dowr:H1755] were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation [dowr:H1755] after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.


By contrast, consider how God uses this word to speak about His elect in these next citations:


Psalm 22:30 makes this declaration, and please note how God is linking a generation with A seed: A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. [dowr:H1755]


In Deuteronomy 7:9 the generation of the elect are described as those who …love him and keep his commandments…:  Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he [is] God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations; [dowr:H1755]


Those that …love him and keep his commandments… are also those…that seek him, that seek thy face… as Psalm 24:6 maintains: This [is] the generation [dowr:H1755] of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.


This is also the case in Psalm 90 in which this magnificent Psalm is beautifully introduced in verse 1: [A Prayer of Moses the man of God.] Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all [dowr:H1755] generations. [dowr:H1755]


This expression also surfaces in connection with our present, prolonged, “day” of judgment:


Verse 20 of Isaiah 13:17-22 affirms this with regard to the fall of Babylon or Satan’s kingdom that we are currently witnessing: 


Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and [as for] gold, they shall not delight in it. {18} [Their] bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children. {19} And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. {20} It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation [dowr:H1755] to generation [dowr:H1755]: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there. {21} But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. {22} And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in [their] pleasant palaces: and her time [is] near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.


This expression from generation to generation is also in view in verses 10 and 17 of  Isaiah 34:1-10 and 17, Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it. {2} For the indignation of the LORD [is] upon all nations, and [his] fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter. {3} Their slain also shall be cast out, and their stink shall come up out of their carcases, and the mountains shall be melted with their blood. {4} And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling [fig] from the fig tree. {5} For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.  {6} The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea. {7} And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness. {8} For [it is] the day of the LORD'S vengeance, [and] the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion. {9} And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch. {10} It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation [dowr:H1755] to generation [dowr:H1755] it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever. ... {17} And he hath cast the lot for them, and his hand hath divided it unto them by line: they shall possess it for ever, from generation [dowr:H1755] to generation [dowr:H1755] shall they dwell therein.


That [ekeinos:G1565] Generation [genea:G1074] 


In Hebrews 3 - Part 9 we investigated the words that generation; that is ekeinos  and generation or genea, which only surfaces in one other reference which is verse 45 of Mattthew 12:38-45, which follows a number of significant events that precede this historical parable, namely:


  • The true significance of the Sabbath, and the healing of the man with a withered hand.
  • The healing of the deaf and dumb man that was also demon possessed.
  • The prophecy of Isaiah concerning the Lord Jesus.
  • The “unpardonable sin” or blasphemy of the Holy Spirit which the religious leaders of Jesus’ day corporately committed, as did the end-time churches and denominations, worldwide, and without exception. 
  • Satan’s kingdom or house being divided and his spiritual prison being plundered.
  • A tree is known by its fruits; what is in one’s heart  (or soul) comes out of the mouth, and in one’s actions.


Please note the four times the word generation occur in Matthew 12:38-45, Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. {39} But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation [genea:G1074] seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: {40} For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. {41} The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation [genea:G1074], and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas [is] here. {42} The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation [genea:G1074], and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here. {43} When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none. {44} Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth [it] empty, swept, and garnished. {45} Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last [state] of that [ekeinos:G1565] man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation. [genea:G1074]


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue investigating the second half of  Psalm 95:10 …and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways.  Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.

Hebrews 3 - Part 17

February 13, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together...This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 17, and today’s date is February 13, 2022.  I’ll read Psalm 95:7-11,


For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


In our last study we spent some time looking at the term forty years and we noted that testing is an integral part of the Christian life found throughout both the Old and New Testaments. Since God did not withhold His only begotten Son from being tested we can be assured that this would extend to His corporate people, in addition to His elect. We saw that in spite of Israel’s constant rebellion in the wilderness, God was incredibly gracious and kind to them at every point, illustrating the divine principle of loving one’s enemies as we read in Luke 6:27,


But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, 


However this longsuffering on God’s part did not mean that the Israelites would not reap what they had sowed as Job 4:8 acknowledges: 


Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.


This is reiterated in Galatians 6:7-8,


Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. {8} For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.


God made a point of this repeatedly in Numbers 14:26-35 in which forty years appears in verses 33-34; notice how God underscores that those that murmured (from 20 years of age and older) shall fall/be wasted/ shall be consumed in the wilderness four times (highlighting  the farthest extent of God’s judgment for them) in verses 29, 32, 33, and 35:   


And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, {27} How long [shall I bear with] this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. {28} Say unto them, [As truly as] I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: {29} Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, {30} Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, [concerning] which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. {31} But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. {32} But [as for] you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. {33} And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty [’arba`iym:H705] years [shaneh:H8141], and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness. {34} After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, [even] forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, [even] forty [’arba`iym:H705] years [shaneh:H8141], and ye shall know my breach of promise. {35} I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.


This is why God states in the first part of verse 10, …forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation… and how God wanted to kill them out of hand, and begin a new nation all over again with Moses - who as a great type of the Savior - makes intercession for them.


Now we want to turn our attention to the latter part of verse 10…and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:


And once again, God continues His denunciation of His corporate people and notice how the heart crops up again …it [is] a people that do err in their heart…  and if that was not bad enough, He goes on to affirm…and they have not known my ways. And yet God had given them His laws, statutes, and judgments, and shown them His mighty power and miracles, not to mention His patience and lovingkindness, as we read in Deuteronomy 29:2-4,


And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, Ye have seen all that the LORD did before your eyes in the land of Egypt unto Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land; {3} The great temptations which thine eyes have seen, the signs, and those great miracles: {4} Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.


That Do Err [ta`ah:H8582] 


The expression that do err characterizes God’s corporate people, known as - the church in the wilderness - as Stephen, under divine inspiration, referred to them in Acts 7:38,


This is he [Moses], that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel [Christ] which spake to him in the mount Sina, and [with] our fathers: who received the lively [or living] oracles to give unto us:


The following Scriptures reveals how God employs this term:


Psalm 58:3 explains that sin nature is transmitted from one generation to the next through conception and birth, and even though babies do not speak immediately (much less lie). However, their sinful bent becomes very evident,  and in time reveals itself in lies and other sinful actions; this word is translated they go astray: 


The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray [ta`ah:H8582] as soon as they be born, speaking lies.



In Psalm 107:4 and 40 this is rendered as They wandered and causeth them to wander: They wandered [ta`ah:H8582] in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in. ... {40} He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander [ta`ah:H8582] in the wilderness, [where there is] no way.


Notice the difference with the patriarchs, who also wandered - not in the wilderness  -  but rather in the land of promise or the Kingdom of God spiritually as expressed in Hebrews 11:8-10, looking and anticipating their final rest in the New Heavens and New Earth: 


 By faith [Christ] Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. {9} By faith [Christ] he sojourned in the land of promise, as [in] a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: {10} For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God. 


Proverbs 21:16 is a serious reminder that when one departs from the narrow way, and travels the broad way, it only leads to death and destruction, because the narrow way is that of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who isthe Way, the Truth, and the Life… (as John 14:6b teaches) 


The man that wandereth [ta`ah:H8582] out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead.


Isaiah 53:6 unequivocally affirms the path of death that mankind chose in Adam; yet out of the mass of fallen humanity God had already chosen a people for Himself at the foundation of the world - a Bride if you will - a people for possession -  that He redeemed and cleansed by His sovereign grace: 


All we like sheep have gone astray [ta`ah:H8582]; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.


These next references illustrate the devastating consequences of the pastors and elders in the congregations who …shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God as Paul acknowledged in his warning to the Ephesian elders in verse 27 of Acts 20:26-32,


Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I [am] pure from the blood of all [men]. {27} For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God. {28} Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. {29} For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. {30} Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. {31} Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears. {32} And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. 


Isaiah 9:16 asserts: For the leaders of this people cause [them] to err [ta`ah:H8582]; and [they that are] led of them [are] destroyed.


All of Jeremiah 23 carries this same theme and in verse 13 this is translated as to err: And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err. [ta`ah:H8582]


Lastly, Hosea 4:12 provides this sad commentary regarding the spiritual status of God’s corporate people which is no better than the heathen nations that surrounded them, and typifies God’s judgment on His own house first.  


My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err [ta`ah:H8582], and they have gone a whoring from under their God.



In Hebrews 3 - Part 9 we discussed the Greek equivalent to that do err which is they do err in Hebrews 3:10


They Do Err [planao:G4105] 


They do err is a verb that is part of a “word family” that includes the noun form, error, as well as the Greek adjective, deceiver. The following references illustrate how God uses the verb form which is primarily translated as deceive, and to a much lesser extent as err, go astray, seduce, wander, and be out of the way:


In the Bible Study portion of  BMI’s monthly  newsletter we have been focusing for a number of years on Matthew 24, going verse by verse. In that chapter this word, shall deceive, surfaces three times to indicate that the hallmark of the Great Tribulation (which is one of the main themes in that chapter) was unparalleled spiritual deception:


Matthew 24:5, 11, and 24 reveal: For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive [planao:G4105] many. ... {11} And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive [planao:G4105] many. ... {24} For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive [planao:G4105] the very elect. 


Here are a few more passages that contain this term, they do err:  


In speaking of the false soothsayer, Balaam, and other false prophets/teachers, which 2 Peter addresses in some detail, verse 15 provides this commentary, in which this word is expressed and are gone astray: 


Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray [planao:G4105], following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;


Lastly, 1 John 2:26 renders this as them that seduce: These [things] have I written unto you concerning them that seduce [planao:G4105] you. 


Returning to Psalm 95:10, you will notice that the error takes place in one’s heart or soul. This is the same word that we encountered previously in Psalm 95:8 in the phrase, Harden not your heartsIt is the Hebrew term lebab (H3824) which stems from the identically spelled verb form (excluding the vowel pointings) H3823.


In Their Heart [lebab:H3824]


All throughout Scripture God emphasizes the supreme importance of the heart or soul, which we have encountered before in this series, as some of the following citations illustrate, in which God drives home this crucial issue: 


Ecclesiastes 9:3 pinpoints the reality of unsaved man’s spiritual condition: This [is] an evil among all [things] that are done under the sun, that [there is] one event unto all: yea, also the heart [leb:H3820] of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness [is] in their heart [lebab:H3824] while they live, and after that [they go] to the dead.


This is also emphatically expressed by the Savior in verse 23 of Proverbs 4:20-23: My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings. {21} Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart. {22} For they [are] life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh. {23} Keep thy heart [leb:H3820] with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.


A casual reading of verse 23 might give the wrong impression that the individual has the ability to “keep one’s heart,” but nothing could be further from the truth, as Jeremiah 32:40 substantiates, 


Jeremiah 32:40, And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear [yir’ah:H3374] in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.


Who is doing all the action?  God:  I will make…I will not turn away…I will put…they shall not depart from Me.


This is why Ecclesiastes 12:13 sums up the essence of the Christian life in which the verb form for fear emerges: 


Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear [yare’:H3372] God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.


Deuteronomy 32:44-47 is yet another admonition to cling to the words of Scripture which verse 47 concludes as your life:  And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun. {45} And Moses made an end of speaking all these words to all Israel: {46} And he said unto them, Set your hearts [lebab:H3824] unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law. {47} For it [is] not a vain thing for you; because it [is] your life: and through this thing ye shall prolong [your] days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.


This is why Psalm 139:23-24 invites God to examine one’s heart to assess its true spiritual condition, as only He can do perfectly: Search me, O God, and know my heart [lebab:H3824]: try me, and know my thoughts: {24} And see if [there be any] wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.


This is also why David prayed for Solomon in 1 Chronicles 29:19, And give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart [lebab:H3824], to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and to do all [these things], and to build the palace, [for] the which I have made provision.


And when we read about Abraham’s heart in verse 8 of Nehemiah 9:7-8 we recognize that it was the Faith of Christ through the indwelling Holy Spirit that had qualified Abraham’s heart to be faithful, or “full of Faith” in the first place. 


Thou [art] the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; {8} And foundest his heart [lebab:H3824] faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give [it, I say], to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou [art] righteous:


Once again, Who is doing all the action here?


God’s tremendous concern and desire for His heart to be manifested in the lives of His people is emotionally expressed in verse 29 of  Deuteronomy 5:27-29, 


Go thou near, and hear all that the LORD our God shall say: and speak thou unto us all that the LORD our God shall speak unto thee; and we will hear [it], and do [it]. {28} And the LORD heard the voice of your words, when ye spake unto me; and the LORD said unto me, I have heard the voice of the words of this people, which they have spoken unto thee: they have well said all that they have spoken. {29} O that there were such an heart [lebab:H3824] in them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!


The same pathos is evident as the Messiah wept over Jerusalem in Matthew 23:37,

O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!


This also helps us to understand what is meant by the phrase, after his own heart in 1 Samuel 13:14 speaking of David in the historical context, who typifies the Lord Jesus, and was appointed to replace King Saul:


But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart [lebab:H3824], and the LORD hath commanded him [to be] captain over his people, because thou hast not kept [that] which the LORD commanded thee.


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study, we will continue our examination of Psalm 95:7-11. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing next.

Hebrews 3 - Part 18

February 20, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together...This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 18, and today’s date is February 20, 2022.  I’ll read Psalm 95:7-11,


For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


Our last study ended by looking at the Hebrew word for heart, but we did not have enough time to discuss its Greek counterpart, which I would now like to address. 


In Their Heart [kardia:G2588]


In  Hebrews 3 - Part 9 we ran across the Greek equivalent to heart or kardia. The following Scriptures contain this word heart (from which we get our English word cardiac, with a “k” instead of a “c” as in English). This noun crops up 159 times in the New Testament as heart, and once as heart-broken.

 

In Acts 7 we find this expression concerning Stephen’s testimony, under divine inspiration in verse 23 (referring to Moses) and then in verses 39, 51, and 54 regarding God’s corporate people. He pinpointed that their problem was a matter of their (spiritual) heart condition, which cost him his life:  


And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart [kardia:G2588]

 to visit his brethren the children of Israel. ... {39} To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust [him] from them, and in their hearts [kardia:G2588] turned back again into Egypt, ... {51} Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart  [kardia:G2588] and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. ... {54} When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart  [kardia:G2588], and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth.


This has always been the case with God’s prophets who suffered terrible things at the hands of sinful men, and since they cannot get to God, the very best they can do is to silence His prophets. Historically, this was only a temporary solution at best, until God raised up another prophet that they had to contend with. There are numerous Scriptures that reveal various Biblical principles related to this:


Matthew 23:29-35 proclaims God’s assessment of the religious leaders of Jesus’ day, as well as those of our day when God commenced His judgment at His own house first on May 21, 1988 at the start of the Great Tribulation: 


Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, {30} And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. {31} Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. {32} Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. {33} [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? {34} Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and [some] of them ye shall kill and crucify; and [some] of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute [them] from city to city: {35} That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.


Another one is Luke 6:26 which warns:  Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.  


Philippians 1:29, which is not mentioned very much, but is very appropriate for those who find themselves on the narrow… way…which leadeth unto life. (Matthew 7:14), by God’s grace: 


For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;


Here a few more illustrations of how God employs this Greek word for heart:


Verse 15 of 2 Corinthians 3:12-18 includes this word: Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: {13} And not as Moses, [who] put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not steadfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: {14} But their minds were blinded: for until this day the same vail remaineth untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which [vail] is done away in Christ. {15} But even to this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.  [kardia:G2588] {16} Nevertheless, when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. {17} Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord [is], there [is] liberty. {18} But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.


In both Matthew 15:8 (quoting Isaiah 29:13) and Matthew 15:18-19 God makes this critical observation:  This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with [their] lips; but their heart [kardia:G2588] is far from me. ... {18} But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart [kardia:G2588]; and they defile the man. {19} For out of the heart [kardia:G2588] proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:


Quoting Isaiah 61:1-2, verses 18-19 of Luke 4:16-30 show the boiling rage that God’s Word arouses within the hearts of those who are not God’s elect, but yet were part of the synagogue that the Messiah frequented in Nazareth: 


And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath, and stood up to read. {17} And there was delivered to him the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, {18} The spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted [suntribo:G4937/kardia:G2588], to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, {19} To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. {20} And he closed the book, and he gave [it] again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. {21} And he began to say to them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears. {22} And all bore him testimony, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son? {23} And he said to them, Ye will surely say to me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country. {24} And he said, Verily I say to you, No prophet is accepted in his own country. {25} But I tell you in truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut three years and six months when great famine was throughout all the land: {26} But to none of them was Elijah sent, save to Sarepta, [a city] of Sidon, to a woman [that was] a widow. {27} And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian. {28} And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, {29} And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. {30} But he passing through the midst of them, went away,


It is for this very reason that God has inserted Romans 2:28-29 in the Bible to clarify (and verify) the definition of what a “true” Jew is; this expression surfaces in verse 29 as of the heart:  


For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither [is that] circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:{29} But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart [kardia:G2588], in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.


This brings us to the last part of Psalm 95, verse 10…and they have not known my ways. 

Two of the main terms, known and my ways appear together in 46 other references, and we will consider some  of them:


Known [yada`:H3045] My Ways [derek:H1870]


We recognize that God’s ways have to do with …the Way, the Truth, and the Life… (John 14:6), Who is the Lord Jesus Christ, and He is the Word of God. To know them implies more than just intellectual knowledge, but obedience to them as God works in His elect …to will and to do of His good pleasure… as Philippians 2:13 maintains. This also impinges on the Biblical definition of love, which is obedience to His commands - not for salvation (which would be impossible any way) - but as a result of salvation, as 2 John 1:6 reveals:


And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it.


In our study of the book of Hebrews thus far we have run across Deuteronomy 8:2 a number of times as it highlights one of the many methods at God’s disposal to determine the spiritual mettle of His corporate people as well as His elect; these words are translated the way and thee, to know, 


And thou shalt remember all the way [derek:H1870] which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know  [yada`:H3045]  what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.


The heart issue crops up again and again because God is always looking there as nobody else can, as He affirms in 1 Samuel 16:7 which in the historical context has to do with Jesse’s youngest son, David, Who is a great representation of Christ, and in David’s lineage, as Jesus posed this question to the Pharisees in Matthew 22:41-46 (referencing Psalm 110:1):


While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, {42} Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The Son] of David. {43} He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, {44} The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? {45} If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? {46} And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any [man] from that day forth ask him any more [questions].


1 Samuel 16:7 declares: But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.  


Job is another great type and figure of the Savior under the wrath of God, and Job 23:10 alludes spiritually to the Lord Jesus Christ: But he knoweth  [yada`:H3045] the way [derek:H1870] that I take: [when] he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.


Gold [along with silver and precious stones (as 1 Corinthians 3:12 includes)] also characterize God’s redeemed children and points to our present time of testing. In 1 Peter 1:3-9 provides great comfort and assurance to God’s saints: 


Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, {4} To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, {5} Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. {6} Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: {7} That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: {8} Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: {9} Receiving the end of your faith, [even] the salvation of [your] souls.


Similarly, 1 Peter 4:12-14 echos this same truth:  Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: {13} But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. {14} If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.


These next passages I have divided into two categories; the first one pertains to God’s children; the second had to do with the wicked or non-elect:


Psalm 143:8 renders these terms as cause me to know and the way:  Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know [yada`:H3045] the way [derek:H1870]  wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.


God alone has the power to open the eyes and ears of His elect to know and understand His truths, and in turn, to be obedient to them. This is why His people make that their prayer, as they go about their daily activities and responsibilities. They firmly believe that God is orchestrating the circumstances in their lives for His glory and for their spiritual growth, as Romans 8:26-28 reminds us:


Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. {27} And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what [is] the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to [the will of] God. {28} And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose.


Our two words also appear together in Exodus 33:13-17 as thy way and I may know, as Moses dialogues with the Almighty, showing the amazing condescension of God: 





Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way [derek:H1870], that I may know [yada`:H3045]  thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation [is] thy people. {14} And he said, My presence shall go [with thee], and I will give thee rest. {15} And he said unto him, If thy presence go not [with me], carry us not up hence. {16} For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? [is it] not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that [are] upon the face of the earth. {17} And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name.


Hosea 14:9 makes the point very succinctly, in which these terms are expressed as and he shall know and the ways with regard to the wise, prudent and just which are all synonyms for the genuine child of God:  


Who [is] wise, and he shall understand these [things]? prudent, and he shall know [yada`:H3045] them? for the ways [derek:H1870] of the LORD [are] right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.


As the last phrase in Hosea 14:9 testifies, these next citations refer to the non-elect who do not know God’s Way:


Jeremiah 5:4 states: Therefore I said, Surely these [are] poor; they are foolish: for they know [yada`:H3045] not the way [derek:H1870] of the LORD, [nor] the judgment of their God.


Verse 11 of Isaiah 56:10-12 depicts God’s corporate people that came under His wrath, in which these words are translated as can have and to their own way: 



His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. {11} Yea, [they are] greedy dogs [which] can [yada`:H3045] never have [yada`:H3045] enough, and they [are] shepherds [that] cannot understand: they all look to their own way [derek:H1870], every one for his gain, from his quarter. {12} Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.


Isaiah 56:10-12 likewise denounces the failure of those in spiritual leadership in national Israel as well as those in the New Testament churches and denominations that rebelled against God’s Word, in not faithfully carrying out God’s mandate to be diligent watchmen as He expressly commanded, for instance in Ezekiel 36:1-6; incidentally, the wine and strong drink is parabolically referring to false gospels  which has served to inebriate them spiritually: 


Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, {2} Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say unto them, When I bring the sword upon a land, if the people of the land take a man of their coasts, and set him for their watchman: {3} If when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; {4} Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head. {5} He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall deliver his soul. {6} But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take [any] person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand.


Lastly, verse 8 of Isaiah 59:1-8 presents another scathing accusation against God’s  corporate people, in which the Almighty is systematically calling their sins and iniquities to remembrance:  


Behold, the LORD'S hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear: {2} But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid [his] face from you, that he will not hear. {3} For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness. {4} None calleth for justice, nor [any] pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity. {5} They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper. {6} Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works [are] works of iniquity, and the act of violence [is] in their hands. {7} Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts [are] thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction [are] in their paths. {8} The way [derek:H1870] of peace they know [yada`:H3045] not; and [there is] no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.


Notice the emphasis on their hands and fingers (underscoring their will) in addition to their lips and tongues, reminding us of the exhortation in Luke 6:45,


A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.


Additionally God reveals the lack of justice and truth which has been replaced by vanity and lies. Their feet (also their will) run to evil, and murder the innocent. They are on a crooked path that leads to death and destruction in the final analysis, and hence they will never know true, eternal peace which only God grants to His saints.


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will proceed to verse 11. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing. 

Hebrews 3 - Part 19

February 27, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 19, and today’s date is February 27, 2022.  I’ll read Psalm 95:7-11,


For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


Today we want to examine verse 11 of Psalm 95, and then we will return to Hebrews 3:12. You might recall that Hebrews 3:7-11 is quoting Psalm 95:7-11 which is why we have taken the time to explore both of these passages to see some of their differences and similarities. The other thing that I would like to remind you of is the fact that Hebrews 3:7-11 is sandwiched in between Hebrews 3:6 and Hebrews 3:12. I know this is obvious, but I bring this up for another reason. I’ll read verse 6 first:


But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. ... 


In Part 6 we spent some time looking at the significance of the little word which has major Biblical ramifications. It was noted that this clause, if we hold fast, is very important because God is really making a distinction between God’s true elect people, and anybody else who “claims” to be a child of God. To highlight the importance of this verse, God repeats a portion of it in Hebrews 3:14,


For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;


Furthermore this verse has special application today, as we are living in the “day” of Judgment, in which God is severely testing all who make similar affirmations regarding their spiritual status. 


Now I’ll read verse 12, in which we find this critical warning, which sets up what is to follow in the rest of this chapter, which amounts to repeating what God already stated in Hebrews 3:7-11 (as well as in Psalm 95:7-11); once again we see that God is focusing on one’s spiritual heart condition:


Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.


This underscores a Biblical principle that God employs throughout Scripture which is a very effective strategy for teaching - that is repetition. This is also one of the ways that as human beings we learn new things, or we learn how to perform a certain task, as the adage goes, “practice makes perfect.” God of course is the Preeminent Master Teacher, as Job 36:22 points out,


Behold, God exalteth by his power: who teacheth like him? 


No wonder the people marveled at how the Lord Jesus taught - with authority - as Mark 1:21-22 maintains:


And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. {22} And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.


Well, let’s take a closer look at Psalm 95:11, and then we’ll review what we learned regarding Hebrews 3:11 in Part 10,


Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


The pronouns whom and they refer back to God’s corporate people in verse 10,

It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways


This description is indicative of the unsaved, whose …heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately [incurably] wicked: who can know it? according to Jeremiah 17:9, and many other similar Scriptures. 


When God says …they have not known my ways,  it implies more than just intellectual knowledge, but obedience to them as God works in His elect …to will and to do of His good pleasure… as Philippians 2:13 maintains. This also impinges on the Biblical definition of love, which is obedience to His commands - not for salvation (which would be impossible any way) - but as a result of salvation, as 2 John 1:6 reveals:


And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it.


The same words to know and the way in Psalm 95:10, surface in Deuteronomy 8:2 which reveals the way in which God determines the spiritual status of anybody who “claims” to belong to the Kingdom of God, and specifically the test that He designed for the Israelites throughout their 40-year wilderness sojourn which spiritually parallels our day as well: 


And thou shalt remember all the way [derek:H1870] which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know  [yada`:H3045]  what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.


With this mind, we learn that God swares in His wrath or takes an oath in verse 11…I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.


I Sware [shaba`:H7650] In My Wrath [’aph:H639]


Let’s consider these two words, I sware and in my wrath. They only emerge in two other citations both of which portray the same spiritual picture:


In verse 10 of Numbers 32:10-13 they are rendered anger along with and he sware.  I sware is also found in verse 11 and anger in verse 13:


And the LORD'S anger [’aph:H639] was kindled the same time, and he sware [shaba`:H7650], saying, {11} Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware [shaba`:H7650] unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me: {12} Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD. {13} And the LORD'S anger [’aph:H639]  was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed.


Deuteronomy 13 is a chapter that deals with various individuals who are intent on persuading God’s people to worship other gods. One such illustration arises in verse 17 of verses 12-17, in which these terms are expressed as of his anger and he hath sworn:  


If thou shalt hear [say] in one of thy cities, which the LORD thy God hath given thee to dwell there, saying, {13} [Certain] men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known; {14} Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, [if it be] truth, [and] the thing certain, [that] such abomination is wrought among you; {15} Thou shalt surely smite the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, destroying it utterly, and all that [is] therein, and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword. {16} And thou shalt gather all the spoil of it into the midst of the street thereof, and shalt burn with fire the city, and all the spoil thereof every whit, for the LORD thy God: and it shall be an heap for ever; it shall not be built again. {17} And there shall cleave nought of the cursed thing to thine hand: that the LORD may turn from the fierceness of his anger [’aph:H639] , and shew thee mercy, and have compassion upon thee, and multiply thee, as he hath sworn [shaba`:H7650]  unto thy fathers;


The second half of Psalm 95:11 contains two main words, they should not enter and rest.


They Should Not Enter [bow’:H935] & Rest [m@nuwchah:H4496]


These two expressions only appear together again in verse 9 of Deuteronomy 12:1-2 and 32 which has to do with various commands that the Israelites were to perform once they arrived in the land of Canaan (a portrait of the Kingdom of God). By contrast, God also spells out what His corporate people were not to do, which the inhabitants of the land they were to dispossess, did, on a regular basis:


These [are] the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the LORD God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth. {2} Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their gods, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree: {3} And ye shall overthrow their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their gods, and destroy the names of them out of that place. {4} Ye shall not do so unto the LORD your God. {5} But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, [even] unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come: {6} And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks: {7} And there ye shall eat before the LORD your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee. {8} Ye shall not do after all [the things] that we do here this day, every man whatsoever [is] right in his own eyes. {9} For ye are not as yet come [bow’:H935] to the rest [m@nuwchah:H4496] and to the inheritance, which the LORD your God giveth you. {10} But [when] ye go over Jordan, and dwell in the land which the LORD your God giveth you to inherit, and [when] he giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety; {11} Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD: {12} And ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God, ye, and your sons, and your daughters, and your menservants, and your maidservants, and the Levite that [is] within your gates; forasmuch as he hath no part nor inheritance with you.


I included verse 32 as it further emphasizes God’s insistence on obeying only the Word of God, and not adding or taking anything away from it: 


 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.


Revelation 22:18-19 is the New Testament counterpart to Deuteronomy 12:32,


For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: {19} And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and [from] the things which are written in this book. 


As I mentioned at the onset of today’s study, we can now address what we learned from Hebrews 3:11 in Part 10 of this series: So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) 


So [hos:G5613] I Sware [omnuo:G3660] In [en:G1722] My [mou:G3450] Wrath [orge:G3709] 


With that in mind, I would like for us to examine the two terms, I sware and wrath, more closely, as the word sware - having to do with God taking an oath - is a major theme that runs from Genesis to Revelation.


I Sware [omnuo:G3660] 


I sware is a Greek verb that surfaces in 26 other references, and is always translated as sware, as the following citations testify:


Verse 73 of  Luke 1:67-79 translates this as he sware, and please note how God is linking that with the word the oath in verse 73:     


And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying, {68} Blessed [be] the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people, {69} And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David; {70} As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began: {71} That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us; {72} To perform the mercy [promised] to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant; {73} The oath [horkos:G3727] which he sware [omnuo:G3660] to our father Abraham, {74} That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, {75} In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life. {76} And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways; {77} To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins, {78} Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us, {79} To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.


David is also in view in verse 30 of Acts 2:25-35, in which this word is rendered had sworn, along with the expression with an oath:  For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: {26} Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: {27} Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. {28} Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance. {29} Men [and] brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. {30} Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn [omnuo:G3660] with an oath [horkos:G3727]  to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; {31} He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. {32} This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. {33} Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. {34} For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, {35} Until I make thy foes thy footstool.


The last entry that we want to ponder is in verse 6 of Revelation 10:5-6 which pertains to our present day, and once again the term omnuo (G3660) is rendered sware: 


And sware [omnuo:G3660] by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time [chronos:G5550] no [ou:G3756] longer [eti:G:2089]:


I would also like to draw your attention to the last three words in verse 6, time no longer.  What is most remarkable about these three words is the fact that they only surface in one other highly significant citation that takes place in our present, prolonged day of judgment. Some have used this verse to explain that after May 21, 2011, one is incapable of knowing the timing of the very last day, simply because there is time no longer. Not that physical time ceases, which we know is not the case, but rather that one cannot know the timing of the very last day. Amazingly, when we go to John 12:35 we discover something  profound: 


Then Jesus said unto them, Yet [eti:G:2089] a little while [chronos:G5550] is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not [ou:G3756] whither he goeth. 


In this verse, time is translated while, no is rendered not, and longer is expressed as yet. This reference is very similar to what we read in John 9:4,


 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.


This is also emphasized in Psalm 104:23, in which man, spiritually typifies the Lord Jesus Christ, and the evening, the cessation of salvation:


Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.


Wrath [orge:G3709]


Now we want to turn our attention to the expression wrath in Hebrews 3:11, which I’ll repeat:


So I sware in my wrath [orge:G3709], They shall not enter into my rest.)


This word is found in 35 other notices, and here is a sampling to illustrate how God utilizes this term, which in our verse, is referring to those who were 20 years of age or older (with the exception of Joshua and Caleb) that died in the wilderness because of unbelief:


We have been learning much about God’s wrath in this “day” of judgment which has been ongoing since May 21, 2011, as Romans 2:5 maintains:


But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath [orge:G3709] and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;


One of many aspects that has been revealed during this time is expressed in Revelation 19:15, in which two major events are taking place simultaneously: one is that the world is being judged by God, Who is ruling this world with a rod of iron, and dividing the kingdom of Satan (according to Mark 3:24-26); concurrently God’s elect are being fed spiritually, as God has commanded His elect to do. Both of these connotations are embedded spiritually in the Greek word, shall rule or poimaino (G4165) which is translated as either rule or feed: 


And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule [poimaino:G4165] them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath [orge:G3709] of Almighty God.


Romans 9:22 reveals another aspect of God’s character with respect to His wrath in the “day” of judgment:  [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath [orge:G3709], and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:


Wonderfully and by God’s mercy and grace, God’s elect can latch on to the promises of God during this evil day as 1 Thessalonians 5:9 declares: For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,


Moving on in our examination of Hebrews 3:11, the next two main words that we want to investigate are shall enter [eiserchomai:G1525] and rest. [katapausis:G2663]  God is emphatically highlighting the spiritual relevance that these two terms convey since they are focused on entering the Kingdom of God, which is the (spiritual) rest that is in view. By contrast (and remember that the book of Hebrews is a book of contrasts) there is an inherent warning for us regarding those who did not enter into that rest as we see from the subsequent verses. This also brings to mind the admonition that I have cited before in 1 Corinthians 10:5-6 and 11 which certainly bears repeating:


But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. {6} Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted… {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.  



Let’s stop here. Lord willing, we will begin with Hebrews 3:12 in our next study. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.

Hebrews 3 - Part 20

March 6, 2022


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together…This will be Hebrews 3 - Part 20, and today’s date is March 6, 2022. I’ll read Hebrews 3:12-19,


Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. {13} But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. {14} For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end; {15} While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. {16} For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. {17} But with whom was he grieved forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? {18} And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? {19} So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.


Today we want to begin our examination of the last part of Chapter three, but before I do that let me briefly recap what we have learned thus far.


Brief Recap Of Chapter Three Thus Far


  • As I have mentioned throughout this series, the book of Hebrews is a book of contrasts. In verses 1-6 we noted this contrast between the ministry of Moses and the far greater ministry of …the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus, as He is described in Hebrews 1:1. Moreover, in  verse 6 we discovered a critical admonition: 


But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.  


This warning introduces us to verses 7-11.  


  • We learned that verses 7-11 is a quotation taken from Psalm 95:7-11, and both of these passages provide an illustration for us to consider very seriously because of the spiritual implications for us today. I’m referring to the actions of the church in the wilderness (according to Acts 7:38) which pinpoints the spiritual heart condition of those in view. This is not a light matter, but one of the gravest importance, as our hearts (or souls) reveal our true spiritual nature. We can certainly fool others and we can even fool ourselves, but nobody can fool God. This truth is highlighted throughout God’s Word as 1 Samuel 2:3 reveals, which is part of Hannah’s prayer, under divine inspiration:


Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let [not] arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD [is] a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.


The actions as well as the words of God’s of the church in the wilderness are telling because they are a reflection of what was brewing in their hearts. We are told in Matthew 5:18-19,


But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. {19} For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:


  • As we embark upon this third section in Chapter three, God is going to repeat some of these same exhortations regarding the heart, unbelief, provocation, sin, God swearing [or taking an oath], and rest. This begins with the heart once again in verse 12,


Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.






Take Heed [blepo:G991]


This first expression in verse 12 sets the stage for what is to follow. This Greek word is translated predominantly as see, behold, take heed, and beware, as these next citations reveal. The essence of this term involves spiritual eyesight, and the eye parabolically has to do with understanding, if one does not comprehend the danger that lies ahead, they will not take the appropriate action to avoid it. Ephesians 1:15-23 is one of Paul’s prayers, under divine inspiration, and on behalf of the Ephesians historically, but certainly extends to all God’s redeemed, and especially in our day, as God has been opening the truths of the Bible as never before in human history. In verse 18, God links the word for eyes with understanding:


Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints, {16} Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers; {17} That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: {18} The eyes [ophthalmos:G3788] of your understanding [dianoia:G1271] being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, {19} And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, {20} Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places], {21} Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: {22} And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church, {23} Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all. 


This last section of Hebrews 3:12-19 begins with this warning, take heed, in verse 12 and also ends with a similar admonition in verse 19, in which this same word take heed functioning as spiritual bookends to its content. Our word is rendered as we see:


So we see [blepo:G991] that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

   

The importance of genuine spiritual eyesight is also in view in John 9:39, after the miraculous healing of the man who was born blind, in which these words are expressed three times (pointing to the purpose of God) as they which see, might see, along with that they which see:  


And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see [blepo:G991]  not might see [blepo:G991] ; and that they which see [blepo:G991] might be made blind.


This theme is also accentuated in Romans 11:8 and 10 as well: (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should [blepo:G991 not see [blepo:G991, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day. ... {10} Let their eyes be darkened, that they may [blepo:G991 not see [blepo:G991], and bow down their back alway.


A number of Old Testament notices are being quoted in Romans 11:8-10. One of these is Isaiah 29:10,


For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.


Another one is in Isaiah 6:9-10 which is most significant as it is repeated half a dozen times in the New Testament, and contrary to what many believe, that God in reality both hides Truth, and blinds people so they will not discover the Truth:


And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. {10} Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed


 One more reference is in Psalm 69:22-23 which is a Messianic psalm:


Let their table become a snare before them: and [that which should have been] for [their] welfare, [let it become] a trap. {23} Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake. 


This idea of spiritual sight (as well as hearing) is intimately associated with hope as Romans 8:24-25 acknowledges; these words are expressed as that is seen, seeth, and we see in that order:  


For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen [blepo:G991] is not hope: for what a man seeth [blepo:G991], why doth he yet hope for? {25} But if we hope for that we see [blepo:G991] not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it].


Verse 18 of 2 Corinthians 4:17-18 underscores this same truth four times (indicating the farthest extent of what is in view from the perspective of temporal [light affliction] versus eternal [eternal weight of glory], rendering this expression as: the things which are seen compared to the things which are not seen:   


 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory; {18} While we look not at the things which are seen [blepo:G991] , but at the things which are [blepo:G991]  not seen [blepo:G991]: for the things which are seen [blepo:G991]  [are] temporal; but the things which are [blepo:G991]  not seen [are] eternal. [blepo:G991] 


We discovered in Romans 8:24-25 that the lack of physical sight was related to hope. In the same manner, verses 1 and 3 Hebrews 11:1-3 make the this same case with regard to faith, which is akin to hope: 


Now faith [Christ] is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. [blepo:G991] {2} For by it the elders obtained a good report. {3} Through faith [Christ] we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God [Christ], so that things which are seen [blepo:G991] were not made of things which do appear.


The Importance Of The Word Substance [hupostasis:G5287] In Hebrews 11:1


I want to make a small detour and briefly speak about this word, substance, in Hebrews 11:1 as it is very important. We read in this verse that Faith or Christ is the substance of things hoped for. We are helped by turning to two other Scriptures that help to define the thrust of this word; these two notices are Hebrews 1:3 and 3:14 respectively:


You might recall that in Hebrews 1:3 we saw that this word is rendered person: Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person [hupostasis:G5287], and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;


For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence [hupostasis:G5287] stedfast unto the end;


So we can conclude that …the substance of things hoped for is a Person - the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ, and He alone is our Confidence.


One last verse that I would like us to turn to is verse 62 of  Luke 9:62, which is a passage that explains the danger of seeing or looking (as it is expressed here) in the wrong direction - looking backwards



And it came to pass, that, as they went in the way, a certain [man] said unto him, Lord, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest. {58} And Jesus said unto him, Foxes have holes, and birds of the air [have] nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay [his] head. {59} And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. {60}  Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God. {61} And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee; but let me first go bid them farewell, which are at home at my house. {62} And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking [blepo:G991] back, is fit for the kingdom of God.


We can think of the example in of Lot’s wife in Genesis 19:17 and 26, 


And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. ... {26} But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt. 


Lot’s wife had physically left the city of Sodom, but sadly, her heart was still there, and not necessarily for evil things. After all her home was there, her children were there (perhaps she even had grandchildren), her friends were there; maybe she had a garden. It boils down to spiritual priorities - which is a matter of the heart. You cannot serve God and mammon. Psalm 73:25 is an excellent reminder for us to take stock of our own heart condition…


Whom have I in heaven [but thee]? and [there is] none upon earth [that] I desire beside thee.


Brethren [adelphos:G80]


The next word in Hebrews 3:12 is brethren, which also appears in Hebrews 3:1. This term can refer to a blood brother, a fellow “brother” who confesses to be a child of God, as well as a genuine Christian that God redeemed at… the foundation of the world. The admonition of Hebrews 3:12 (like all of Holy Writ) is a command to each human being to obey every jot and tittle therein, or suffer the penalty of death and annihilation. Here are a few illustrations, since we already looked at this expression when we were covering verse 1.


Matthew 12:49-50 records this word as brethren and brother:  And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! [adelphos:G80] {50} For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother [adelphos:G80], and sister, and mother.


1 John 3:12 renders this as brother too: Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. [adelphos:G80] And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's [adelphos:G80] righteous.


Lastly Revelation 22:9 states: Then saith he unto me, See [thou do it] not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren [adelphos:G80] the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.


The next phrase in Hebrews 3:12 is … lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief…


Lest [mepote:G3379] There Be [esomai:G2071]


The terms, lest and there be, only emerge in two other Scriptures, which like Hebrews 3:12 are negative in nature:


The first one is in verse 64 of Matthew 27:62-66 in which the chief priests seek to obtain a watch to guard the tomb in which the Lord was buried, thinking that His disciples would steal the body and say He had risen from the dead; there two words are translated lest and there be:    


Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, {63} Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.{64} Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest [mepote:G3379] his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be [esomai:G2071] worse than the first. {65} Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make [it] as sure as ye can. {66} So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.


The second account is in verse 2 of  Mark 14:1-2 and involves the chief priests again, along with the scribes; these words are also expressed as lest and shall be: 

After two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to death. {2} But they said, Not on the feast [day], lest [mepote:G3379]  there be [esomai:G2071] an uproar of the people. 


Any [tis:G5100] Of You [humon:G5216]


The next two terms, any and of you, surface together again in 22 other references. We’ll take a look at a handful of them:


We find these two words, any of you, in Hebrews 3:13 as well: But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any [tis:G5100] of  you [humon:G5216] be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.


Likewise Hebrews 4:1 and 7 include these same words as any and you and a certain and your respectively: Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any [tis:G5100] of  you [humon:G5216] should seem to come short of it. ... {7} Again, he limiteth a certain [tis:G5100] day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not  your [humon:G5216] hearts.


Notice how God continues unrelentingly to stress this crucial refrain, because it has everything to do with one’s salvation.


John 6:64 likewise expresses these terms as some and you: But there are some [tis:G5100] of you [humon:G5216] that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.


Lastly, Acts 15:24 renders these expressions as certain and your:  Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain [tis:G5100]  which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your [humon:G5216]  souls, saying, [Ye must] be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no [such] commandment:


The next phrase that we encounter is an evil heart of unbelief, that pinpoints the real issue as we have seen over and over again. All three of these words are only found together in our verse, so let’s first investigate the terms an evil heart, and then we can examine the expression, unbelief, by itself. 


An Evil [poneros:G4190] Heart [kardia:G2588]


The words An evil and heart, crop up in seven other Scriptures, as the following passages indicate:


Luke 6:45 proclaims:  A good man out of the good treasure of his heart [kardia:G2588] bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil [poneros:G4190] man out of the evil [poneros:G4190] treasure of his heart [kardia:G2588] bringeth forth that which is evil [poneros:G4190]: for of the abundance of the heart [kardia:G2588] his mouth speaketh.


Hebrews 10:22 refers to the elect in the first part of Luke 6:45 - A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good:  


Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts [kardia:G2588] sprinkled from an evil [poneros:G4190] conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.


Why don’t we stop here and in our next lesson we can spend more time on the word, unbelief. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.