Bible Ministries International

Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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Hebrews 2 - Part 1

September 20, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2- Part 1, and today’s date is September 20, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:1-4,


Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. {2} For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; {3} How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; {4} God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


In Chapter 1 we saw repeatedly that God was contrasting the created angelic beings with the superiority of God The Son, His Majesty The Lord Jesus Christ. We also noted the many statements regarding His divine characteristics and power, and most significantly the offering up of Himself as ...the Lamb Slain from the foundation of the world on behalf of each of His elect. In light of these facts, Hebrews 2:1 sets forth this important admonition:


 Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip.


As we continue our research in the book of Hebrews we will encounter similar exhortations, even as they are scattered throughout both the Old and New Testaments in a variety of places. Please note the emphasis on heed[ing] (which is obeying) what we have heard. What is it which we have heard, and where have we heard it? Let’s turn to 1 John 1:1-3,


That which was from the beginning, which we have heard [akouo:G191], which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; {2} (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) {3} That which we have seen and heard [akouo:G191]  declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.


The term we have heard  in 1 John 1:1 and heard in 1 John 1:3 is the identical word that is rendered in Hebrews 2:1 as to the things which we have heard, and then in Hebrews 2:3 as heard. I wanted to mention this at the outset of our study today, and Lord willing we will take a closer look at this word a little later in today’s study.


Therefore [dia:G1223] [touto:G5124] 


Notice how Hebrews 2:1 starts out with the expression, Therefore, which is a term that we ran across in Hebrews 1:9,


Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore [dia:G1223] [touto:G5124] God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. 


This word, therefore, is made up of a Greek preposition (dia) and a pronoun (touto) and is rendered as such in 46 verses. It serves to link what has been stated in Chapter 1 with what is going to be revealed in Chapter 2.


We [hemas:G2248] Ought [dei:G1163]


The next two expressions we and ought are significant as they underscore what is to follow in the next phrase ...to give the more earnest heed…. Hemas is the Greek pronoun rendered we, and dei  is the Greek verb translated ought. The other reason why these two little words are important has to do with the contexts in which they are found, and expressed as a command. They appear together in five other passages, and I will just mention three of them that make the point very well:

Verse 12 of Acts 4:10-12 declares in no uncertain terms: Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole. {11} This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. {12} Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we [hemas:G2248] must [dei:G1163] be saved.


Acts 14:22 like affirms: Confirming the souls of the disciples, [and] exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we [hemas:G2248] must [dei:G1163] through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.


2 Corinthians 5:10 asserts what is taking place with regard to God’s elect in our present day of judgment: For we [hemas:G2248] must [dei:G1163] all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.


The objects of we ought in Hebrews 2:1 as well as in the preceding three passages are designed to alert us and awaken us out of our comfort zone:


  • We must...be saved.
  • We must...through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
  • We must...all appear before the judgment seat of Christ;


To Give The More Earnest [perissoteros:G4056] Heed [prosecho:G4337] 


The next two words in the phrase, to give the more earnest heed, which are the objects of the command we ought are only found together in this verse, so we will have to investigate them separately. In Jay P. Green’s Interlinear Bible Hebrews 2:1 literally reads this way:


“For this reason ought more abundantly us to give heed to the things heard, lest at any time we should slip away.”


To Give The More Earnest [perissoteros:G4056] 


The first one, perissoteros  is primarily translated as more abundantly or more exceedingly, as these next citations illustrate:


Mark 15:14 records this as the more exceedingly, as this unruly mob shouts out vehemently: Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, [perissoteros:G4056] Crucify him.


In 2 Corinthians 11:23 this is rendered as more abundant and more frequent as Paul recounts what he had to suffer on account of the Lord Jesus Christ:  Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool ) I [am] more; in labours more abundant [perissoteros:G4056], in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent [perissoteros:G4056], in deaths oft.


Galatians 1:14 expresses this term as more exceedingly: And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly [perissoteros:G4056] zealous of the traditions of my fathers.


Philippians 1:14 renders this as are much more: And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more [perissoteros:G4056]  ld to speak the word without fear.  


Heed [prosecho:G4337] 


The Greek verb, heed is predominantly translated as beware or some form of give/take heed, according to these next Scriptures:


Matthew 7:15 warns: Beware [prosecho:G4337] of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.


Acts 16:14 records what God had done in Lydia’s heart (or soul), as she came in contact with the Word of God through Paul’s preaching, highlighting the principle found in Romans 10:17, So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.  


And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard [us]: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended [prosecho:G4337] unto the things which were spoken of Paul.


Verse 28 of Acts 20:28 is another serious warning that Paul presents to the Ephesian elders, in which this word is included as take heed; once again this underscores the pervasive appearance of both wheat and tares even amongst these fledgling New Testament churches: 


Take heed [prosecho:G4337] therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. {29} For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. {30} Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. {31} Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.


Titus 1:14 translates this as giving heed:  Not giving heed [prosecho:G4337] to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. 


As you can see by the foregoing passages, God is going to great lengths to zero in on this truth of carefully hearing and obeying the Word of God. And the warning continues in the second half of this verse:...to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip.


We have now arrived at the term to the things which we have heard as I indicated at the beginning of today’s study which is the object of the phrase ...we ought to give the more earnest heed.


To The Things Which We Have Heard [akouo:G191]


Here are some more examples of how God utilizes this expression, to the things which we have heard: 


Verses 24 and 26 of Matthew 7:24-26 proclaim: Therefore whosoever heareth [akouo:G191] these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: {25} And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. {26} And every one that heareth [akouo:G191] these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand:


Hebrews 3 uses this word extensively as it is found in verses 7, 15, and 16; continuing in Chapter 4 it appears in verses 2 and 7 as well: Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear [akouo:G191] his voice,... {15} While it is said, To day if ye will hear [akouo:G191] his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. {16} For some, when they had heard, [akouo:G191] did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses…. {4:2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [akouo:G191] [it]....{7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear [akouo:G191] his voice, harden not your hearts.


This is also the same term that is used in Matthew 13:13-17 (which is quoting Isaiah 6:9-10): Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing [akouo:G191] they hear [akouo:G191] not, neither do they understand. {14} And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, [akouo:G191] and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: {15} For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, [akouo:G191] and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear [akouo:G191] with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. {16} But blessed [are] your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. [akouo:G191] {17} For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous [men] have desired to see [those things] which ye see, and have not seen [them]; and to hear [akouo:G191] [those things] which ye hear, [akouo:G191] and have [akouo:G191][G0] not heard [akouo:G191] [them].


The Hebrew word that is used in Isaiah 6:9-10 is shama` (H8085), and is expressed as hear ye indeed along with and hear providing what is known as a “word bridge” between the Old and New Testaments:


And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear [shama`:H8085] ye indeed, [shama`:H8085] but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. {10} Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear [shama`:H8085] with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. 


We see another example of this in Acts 3:22-23, which is quoting Deuteronomy 18:15-19, in which the same Hebrew term shama` (H8085)  is also employed. This is a wonderful portion of Scripture in which Moses, under divine inspiration, speaks of Christ, Who is the very essence of the Law, (as Moses also was a type of the Law): 


For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear [akouo:G191] in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. {23} And it shall come to pass, [that] every soul, which will [akouo:G191][G0] not hear [akouo:G191] that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.


And Deuteronomy 18:15-19 reveal: The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; [shama`:H8085] {16} According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear [shama`:H8085] again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. {17} And the LORD said unto me, They have well [spoken that] which they have spoken. {18} I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. {19}And it shall come to pass, [that] whosoever will not hearken  [shama`:H8085] unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require [it] of him.


Lest At Any Time [mepote:G3379] We Should Let [Them] Slip [pararrhueo:G3901] 


The last two words in Hebrews 2:1 are found in the phrase ... lest at any time we should let [them] slip. They only surface together in this verse, so once again, we will have to consider them individually.


Lest At Any Time [mepote:G3379]


Curiously the term lest at any time crops up in Matthew 13:15 (which quotes Isaiah 6:9-10) that was just discussed:


For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time [mepote:G3379] they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.


This word would correlate to its Hebrew equivalent in Isaiah 6:10, which is rendered lest or pen (H6435) : Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest [pen:H6435] they see with their eyes, and hear [shama`:H8085] with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. 

 

Hebrews 9:17 is an exceedingly relevant Scriptural proof that the Atonement took place ...at the foundation of the world, in which lest is translated no at all: For a testament [is] of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no [mepote:G3379][G0] strength at all [mepote:G3379] while the testator liveth.


Lastly Luke 21:34 offers this warning during the time of the Great Tribulation as as well as today in the day of judgment: And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time [mepote:G3379] your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.


We Should Let [Them] Slip [pararrhueo:G3901] 


This brings us to the final word in Hebrews 2:1, ...we should let [them] slip. This expression is only found here in this verse. It is a compound word that is made up of the preposition para (G3844) and the main word rheo (G4482) Rheo only surfaces in John 7:38 as shall flow:


He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow [rheo:G4482] rivers of living water.


The warning in Hebrews 2:1 is to focus all the more intently on the Word of God - that which we have heard - requiring both hearing as well as obedience - in order to prevent the Truth from “slipping away,” which would indicate that if this did happen (as we have seen with many) and they remained in that state it could mean that one was never saved to begin with. There are a couple of verses in Proverbs that reinforce this idea:


Verse 21 of Proverbs 3:19-24 instructs: The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens. {20} By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew. {21} My son, let not them depart [luwz:H3868] from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom and discretion: {22} So shall they be life unto thy soul, and grace to thy neck. {23} Then shalt thou walk in thy way safely, and thy foot shall not stumble. {24} When thou liest down, thou shalt not be afraid: yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be sweet.


Likewise verse 21 of Proverbs 4:20-22 adds: My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings. {21} Let them not depart [luwz:H3868]  from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart. {22} For they [are] life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh.


On that wonderful note, we have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing in our next study we will concentrate on verse 2.

Hebrews 2 - Part 2

September 27, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2- Part 2, and today’s date is September 27, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:1-4,


Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. {2} For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; {3} How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; {4} God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


Today we want to focus on verse 2 which actually is setting up another contrast - by means of  a warning - involving angelic beings and those who claim to be children of God, even as in Chapter 1 we saw multiple contrasts between the superiority of the Lord Jesus and the created angelic beings. Let’s consider how God utilizes the two expressions the word and spoken:


The Word [logos:G3056] & Spoken [laleo:G2980] 


These two terms appear together in 27 other passages, and we’ll take a look at some of them:


Matthew 12:36 presents a similar admonition, in which these two words are rendered as shall speak and account; notice also that this taking place today in the day of judgment: But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak [laleo:G2980], they shall give account [logos:G3056] thereof in the day of judgment.


Similarly, John 12:48 offers this conclusion which again is taking place today: He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word [logos:G3056]  that I have spoken [laleo:G2980], the same shall judge him in the last day.


Acts 13:46 reveals the rejection of the Gospel by the Jews to whom it was first presented, and then the transition to the Gentiles:  Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word [logos:G3056]  of God should [laleo:G2980] first have been spoken [laleo:G2980] to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.


The same terms also surface in verse 13 of  1 Corinthians 2:6-14 which pinpoints God’s methodology of how His elect are to study His Word: 


Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought: {7} But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, [even] the hidden [wisdom], which God ordained before the world unto our glory: {8}Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known [it], they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. {9}But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. {10} But God hath revealed [them] unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. {11} For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. {12} Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. {13} Which things also we speak [laleo:G2980], not in the words [logos:G3056] which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. {14} But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.


2 Corinthians 2:17 emphasizes what God’s elect are to do and not to do in as far as speaking His Word: For we are not as many, which corrupt the word [logos:G3056]  of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we [laleo:G2980] in Christ. 


This reminds me of what we read in Psalm 19:14,


Let the words of my mouth [peh:H6310], and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.


Allow me to digress a bit. PE is the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet and is a “letter word” which signifies the mouth: פֶּ In fact its shape resembles that of a mouth and in Psalm 119:131, under the heading of PE we read: I opened my mouth [peh:H6310], and panted: for I longed for thy commandments. Here we see the desire of the child of God to feed upon that which comes forth from the mouth of God, as one read in both the Old and New Testament:


Matthew 4:4 (and its counterpart in Luke 4:4) acknowledges: But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth [stoma:G4750] of God.


Similarly Deuteronomy 8:3 asserts: And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth [peh:H6310] of the LORD doth man live. 


Keep in mind that all the 8 verses under the section of PE begin with this letter PE. You can’t see this in English, but when you look at the Hebrew such as in Jay P. Green’s Interlinear Bible, it is very clear, and appears in the following way in the KJV (which is slightly different from the Interlinear in some cases). This undoubtedly also made Psalm 119 easier for Hebrew children and adults to memorize. I’ll read the entire section in Psalm 119, verses 129-136 first, and then I’ll point out the words that begin with the PE (in Hebrew).


PE. Thy testimonies [are] wonderful: therefore doth my soul keep them.

{130} The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.

{131} I opened my mouth, and panted: for I longed for thy commandments.

{132} Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me, as thou usest to do unto those that love thy name.

{133} Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

{134} Deliver me from the oppression of man: so will I keep thy precepts.

{135} Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; and teach me thy statutes.

{136} Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.


Verse 129 - [are] wonderful

Verse 130 - the entrance of

Verse 131 - I opened & my mouth (the first two words in this case)

Verse 132 - Look

Verse 133 - my steps

Verse 134 - Deliver

Verse 135 - Make my face

Verse 136 - Rivers


Coming back to Hebrews 2:2 the word angels or aggelos (G32) we have seen quite a bit already in Chapter 1, however verse 53 of Acts 7:51-58 (which contains this same word angels) is worth mentioning again as Stephen, under divine inspiration, levels this charge (amongst many) against the men of the Council:


Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. {52} Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: {53} Who have received the law by the disposition of angels [aggelos:G32], and have not kept [it]. {54} When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth. {55} But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, {56} And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. {57}Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord, {58}And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul.


Verse 53 also gives us insight into the relationship that God had with His two corporate bodies - national Israel first and then secondly the New Testament churches and congregations. It was a relationship that was conditional and based on keeping His law, as Stephen pointed out, which as divine organisms, they were under obligation to perform, but failed to do so, thus incurring God’s wrath upon them. This took the shape of divorce in the case of national Israel and then abandonment (when the Holy Spirit departed from them) with respect to the end-time institutional churches and denominations.


Was [ginomai:G1096] Stedfast [bebaios:G949] 


The next two words that we want to investigate in verse 2 are: was and stedfast, having to do with ...the word spoken by angels… These two terms are only found again in Hebrews 3:14, in which they are rendered as we are made and stedfast:


For we are made [ginomai:G1096] partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast [bebaios:G949] unto the end;


This is a similar declaration to what we find in John 8:31 in which the Lord pronounced the following:


Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;


Stedfast [bebaios:G949] 



Let’s take a look at some other citations that include this term, stedfast, or  bebaios (G949), which crops up in 7 other verses (besides Hebrews 2:2  and 3:14). Actually out of a total of 9 occurrences altogether, five of them are found in the book of Hebrews:


In Romans 4:16 this word is rendered sure: Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to the end the promise might be sure [bebaios:G949] to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,


2 Corinthians 1:7 translates it as [is] stedfast: And our hope of you [is] stedfast, [bebaios:G949] knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so [shall ye be] also of the consolation.


Hebrews 3:6 likewise asserts, in which this word is expressed as firm:  But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm [bebaios:G949] unto the end.


Continuing along the same lines of hope Hebrews 6:19 maintains:  Which [hope] we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, [bebaios:G949] and which entereth into that within the veil;


Hebrews 9:17 regarding the death of Testator (Christ) is an extremely important proof that the Atonement had to take place at ...the foundation of the world; this word is translated as [is] of force: For a testament [is] of force [bebaios:G949] after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.


Lastly 2 Peter 1:10 presents this admonition, in which this word surfaces again as sure: Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: [bebaios:G949] for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:


This brings us to the remaining words in Hebrews 2:2, ...and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward. We will have to investigate them individually, beginning with the last couple of terms, a just along with  recompence of reward, which has to do with the wages of sin, since both transgression and disobedience have to do with sin. 


A Just [endikos:G1738]


The expression, a just, or endikos is only found one other time in Romans 3:8 as just:


And not [rather], (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just. [endikos:G1738]


Recompense Of Reward [misthapodosia:G3405]


The Greek word, recompense of reward, or misthapadosia only occurs again in two other verses in the book of Hebrews, in 10:35 and 11:26 respectively, and in both cases as recompense of reward. However, unlike Hebrews 2:2, which denoted judgment, these two Scriptures highlight the eternal inheritance which the child of God can look forward to in the New Heavens and New Earth:


Hebrews 10:35 records: Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. [misthapodosia:G3405]


Contrasting the earthly riches and power that being a Pharaoh would bring (and for which Moses was initially being groomed for) verse 26 of Hebrews 11:24-26 shows how that pales in comparison to the riches of the Kingdom of God: 


By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; {25} Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;{26} Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward [misthapodosia:G3405]


Transgression [parabasis:H3847]


The expression, transgression, or parabasis surfaces in six other Scriptures, and primarily as transgression(s), with the exception of Romans 2:23.


Romans 2:23 poses this question, in which this word is translated as breaking: Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking [parabasis:G3847] the law dishonourest thou God?


Romans 4:15 explains: Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression. [parabasis:G3847]


Romans 5:14 teaches:  Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, [parabasis:G3847] who is the figure of him that was to come.


Galatians 3:19 poses yet another question and then proceeds to answer it: Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, [parabasis:G3847] till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.


1 Timothy 2:14 stipulates: And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.[parabasis:G3847] 


Lastly Hebrews 9:15 declares:  And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [parabasis:G3847] [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.





Disobedience [parakoe:G3876] 


The last word that we want to look at today is disobedience or parakoe, and it only occurs two other times, and in both cases it is rendered as disobedience:


Romans 5:19 announces: For as by one man's disobedience [parakoe:G3876] many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.


Verse 6 of 2 Corinthians 10:4-6 adds: (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) {5} Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ; {6} And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, [parakoe:G3876] when your obedience is fulfilled.


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, next Sunday we will examine verse 3, How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; 

Hebrews 2 - Part 3

October 4, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2- Part 3, and today’s date is October 4, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:1-4,


Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. {2} For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; {3} How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; {4} God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


Today we want to address the significance of verse 3 which is really a continuation of verse 2, and actually includes verse 4 as it is one very long sentence. The first part of verse three begins with the question, How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation… which is being asked with regard to ...the word spoken by angels (or messengers)...and the consequences for disobeying that word, as was discussed in last week’s lesson. If you recall, this was underscored in Acts 7:53,


Who have received the law by the disposition of angels [aggelos:G32], and have not kept [it]


Previously I had also mentioned the very important declaration that Moses (who received the Law) uttered, under divine inspiration, in Deuteronomy 18:18-19, and the Prophet (with a capital “P”) is speaking of Lord Jesus Christ:


I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. {19} And it shall come to pass, [that] whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require [it] of him.

Hebrews 1:1-2 gloriously announces that one of God’s “times and seasons” included the prophets in the Old Testament, under the direction of the Prophet (with a capital “P,” Who is Christ), and then again in the New Testament by God the Son, when ...the Word was made flesh... (according to John 1:14).  In both cases it is God’s Holy and Divine Word that is being expressed in both Testaments as the pure unadulterated Word of Truth that is in the original languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek: 


God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, {2} Hath in these last days spoken unto us by [his] Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;  


Escape [ekphuego:G1628] 


The term escape or ekphuego (G1628) in the phrase, How shall we escape is found in the following six references:


Verse 36 of Luke 21:34-36 is a passage that is found both within the Great Tribulation period as well as in our present day of judgment: And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares. {35} For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth. {36} Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape [ekphuego:G1628] all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.


Verse 3 of Romans 2:1-5 is also set against the backdrop of our present day: Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. {2} But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things. {3} And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape [ekphuego:G1628] the judgment of God? {4} Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance? {5} But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;


Verse 27 of Acts 16:25-28 likewise is a historical parable relating to all whom God saved out of the period of the latter rain (1994-2011) as pictured by the earthquake at midnight (these two terms -  earthquake and midnight -  both relate to judgment) that spiritually opened the doors of Satan’s prison house, and freed the captives (of God’s choosing): And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them. {26} And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed. {27} And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword, and would have killed himself, supposing that the prisoners had been fled. [ekphuego:G1628] {28} But Paul cried with a loud voice, saying, Do thyself no harm: for we are all here.


Verse 3 of 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3 similarly speaks of both the Great Tribulation and our current day of judgment: But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. {2} For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. {3} For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall [ekphuego:G1628] [G0] not escape. [ekphuego:G1628] 


Verse 16 of Acts 19:11-16 renders this expression as they fled, as these vagabond jews, exorcists were severely chastised by attempting to replicate the miracles of God through the Apostle Paul, much like Simon sorcerer who presumed to buy the gift of God with money (according to Acts 8:20):  


And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul: {12} So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them. {13} Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth. {14} And there were seven sons of [one] Sceva, a Jew, [and] chief of the priests, which did so. {15} And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye? {16} And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled [ekphuego:G1628] out of that house naked and wounded.


Verse 33 of 2 Corinthians 11:21-33 is a portion of Scripture where Paul recounts what the Lord had done in his life as he is a portrait of both the Lord Jesus in addition to God’s elect in their sufferings. Here we read where he literally escaped the king's garrison in the city of Damascus, by being let down in a basket.  


I speak as concerning reproach, as though we had been weak. Howbeit whereinsoever any is bold, (I speak foolishly,) I am bold also. {22} Are they Hebrews? so [am] I. Are they Israelites? so [am] I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so [am] I. {23} Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool ) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. {24} Of the Jews five times received I forty [stripes] save one. {25} Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep; {26} [In] journeyings often, [in] perils of waters, [in] perils of robbers, [in] perils by [mine own] countrymen, [in] perils by the heathen, [in] perils in the city, [in] perils in the wilderness, [in] perils in the sea, [in] perils among false brethren; {27} In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness. {28} Beside those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches. {29} Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not? {30} If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities. {31} The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not. {32} In Damascus the governor under Aretas the king kept the city of the Damascenes with a garrison, desirous to apprehend me:{33} And through a window in a basket was I let down by the wall, and escaped [ekphuego:G1628] his hands.


This term, escape or ekphuego is a compound word that is made up of the preposition ek- (G1537) and the main term is phuego (G5343), which is primarily rendered as flee or flee away and three times as escape. Two citations that employ this word relate to today’s study:


Hebrews 11:34 ties in to what we just learned from 2 Corinthians 11:33, Quenched the violence of fire, escaped [phuego:G5343] the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.


This same word is also found in verse 25 of Hebrews 12:25-29 which has the same thrust of Hebrews 2:3, but pertains to our present day of judgment:


 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped [phuego:G5343] not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven: {26} Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. {27} And this [word], Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. {28} Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: {29} For our God [is] a consuming fire.


Let’s continue our journey into verse 3 by looking at the phrase … if we neglect so great salvation, which consists of three words, which we will have to consider individually.


If We Neglect [ameleo:G272] 


The expression, if we neglect, or ameleo is another compound word that consists of the a- (alpha:G1) negative that precedes the main word, melei (G3199), which is the Greek verb, to care, as we read for instance in these next references:


John 10:13 characterizes the attitude and actions of a hireling:  The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth [melei:G3199] not for the sheep.


By contrast 1 Peter 5:7 speaks of God’s everlasting care for His beloved sheep: Casting all your care upon him; for he careth [melei:G3199] for you.


 Essentially if we neglect or ameleo denotes not caring, or neglect. It arises in four other Scriptures:


In Matthew 22:5 it is translated as made light of:  But they made light of [ameleo:G272] [it], and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:


However in 1Timothy 4:14 Timothy is given this admonition by the Apostle Paul, under divine inspiration and here it is rendered neglect:  Neglect [ameleo:G272] not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.


Hebrews 8:9 expresses this as regarded not: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded [ameleo:G272][G0] them not, [ameleo:G272] saith the Lord.


Lastly 2 Peter 1:12 translates this as I will be negligent:  Wherefore I will [ameleo:G272] [G0] not be negligent [ameleo:G272] to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know [them], and be established in the present truth.


We have already examined the word, salvation or soteria, in verse 14 of Chapter 1 and we will encounter it again in Hebrews 2:10; however we have not investigated the little word, so great, or telikoutos, which magnifies the everlasting scope of God’s love for His elect in salvation. God employs this term in three other places: 


So Great [telikoitos:G5082] 


2 Corinthians 1:10 speaks of the so great death that God has delivered his saints from: Who delivered us from so great [telikoitos:G5082] a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver [us];


James 3:4 on the other hand refers to so great ships which are guided by a small helm which is compared to our tongues: Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, [telikoitos:G5082] and [are] driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.


But in Revelation 16:18 the focus is on so mighty a (spiritual) earthquake:  And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty [G5082] an earthquake, [and] so great.


Let’s now turn our attention to the next two words in verse 3...which at the first...


Which [hostis:G3748] At The First [arche:G746] 


Both of these terms are only found together again in John 8:25, and they are translated as even and beginning: 


Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even [hostis:G3748] [the same] that I said unto you from the beginning. [arche:G746]


The intent of John 8:25 highlights the deity of God the Son and actually ties in neatly with this phrase that we are working on... which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord…


In our last study we spent some time looking at the word to be spoken in verse 2, which also includes the expression began, which was rendered received in that verse, so we won’t go over those references again. Instead, let’s move on to the phrase, ...by the Lord… which consists of two Greek words:


By [dia:G1223] The Lord [kyrios:G2962]


Romans 5:1and 11 declare: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through [dia:G1223] our Lord [kyrios:G2962] Jesus Christ: ... {11} And not only [so], but we also joy in God through [dia:G1223] our Lord [kyrios:G2962]  Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.


1 Corinthians 1:9-10 affirm: God [is] faithful, by [dia:G1223]  whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. [kyrios:G2962] {10} Now I beseech you, brethren, by [dia:G1223]  the name of our Lord [kyrios:G2962] Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and [that] there be no divisions among you; but [that] ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.


Mark 16:20 is similar to the latter part of Hebrews 2:3, And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord [kyrios:G2962] working with [them], and confirming the word with [dia:G1223] signs following. Amen.


This is also the case with Acts 14:3, Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord [kyrios:G2962], which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by [dia:G1223] their hands.


Was Confirmed [bebaioo:G950]


The next word that we want to consider is was confirmed, or bebaioo.  This expression is the root word for the term, stedfast that we discussed in verse 2.

The gist of the latter part of Hebrews 2:3 has to do with the confirmation of that which was spoken by the Lord through the miraculous signs and wonders of the apostles and others to verify that their testimony was indeed the Word of God.


Mark 16:20 which we just read a few minutes ago translates this word as confirming: And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with [them], and confirming [bebaioo:G950] the word with signs following. Amen.


Romans 15:8 renders this word as confirm: Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm [bebaioo:G950] the promises [made] unto the fathers:


Lastly 1 Corinthians 1:6 and 8 teach: Even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed [bebaioo:G950] in you: ... {8} Who shall [bebaioo:G950][G0] also confirm [bebaioo:G950] you unto the end, [that ye may be] blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.


On that wonderful note, we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, we will continue our examination of Hebrews 2 in our next study.  

Hebrews 2 - Part 4

October 11, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2- Part 4, and today’s date is October 11, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:1-4,


Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. {2} For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; {3} How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; {4} God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


In our study last Sunday we left off at the remaining words in verse 3 that we have not investigated, namely the three terms, ...unto us by… since we have already looked at the expression ...them that heard [him] in an earlier study. The us in view are those who, by God’s grace, have believed the testimony of Scripture which was confirmed to them, by the eyewitness accounts of them who heard the Lord. 


Unto [eis:G1519]  Us [hemas:G2248] By [hupo:G5259] 


These three words only surface again in verse 4 of 2 Corinthians 1:3-7,


 Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; {4} Who comforteth us  [hemas:G2248]  in all our tribulation, that [eis:G1519] we [hemas:G2248] may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of [hupo:G5259] God. {5} For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. {6} And whether we be afflicted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation. {7} And our hope of you [is] stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so [shall ye be] also of the consolation. 


Now let’s turn our attention to... 


Verse 4: God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


This Scripture reveals an important aspect with regards to God’s usage of ...signs and wonders... and ...divers miracles and gifts of the Holy Ghost…which verified the fact that the apostles were legitimately sent by God and spoke the Truth that God had revealed to them. 


Also Bearing [Them] Witness [sunepimartureo:G4901] 


In fact we read in verse 4 that it was God also bearing [them] witness which is the first word that we want to examine, and is only found here in Hebrews 2:4. Also bearing [them] witness, or sunepimartureo. This term is a compound verb made up of the preposition sun (G4862) which is rendered predominantly as with. The main word is epimartureo (G1957), or testifying, and is only found in verse 12 of 1 Peter 5, which is part of the closing verses in that chapter:


By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying [epimartureo:G1957] that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.


Epimartureo in turn, is a compound verb that consists of the preposition, epi (G1909), and rendered primarily as on, in, or upon; the main word is martureo (G3140), which is translated in the main as some form of the verb witness, or testify, or bear record, as these next passages illustrate


Acts 14:3 translates this word as gave testimony, and notice again how that God ...granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands:


Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony [martureo:G3140] unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.


John 18:37 renders this as I should bear witness: Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness [martureo:G3140] unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.


This is also confirmed by 1 Timothy 6:13 in which this expression is rendered witnessed: I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed [martureo:G3140] a good confession;


John 15:26-27 utilize this word as shall testify and shall bear witness: But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify [martureo:G3140] of me: {27} And ye also shall bear witness,[martureo:G3140] because ye have been with me from the beginning.


1 John 5:6-9 expresses this term four times as either that bear[eth] witness, that bear record, and he hath testified: This is he that came by water and blood, [even] Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, [martureo:G3140] because the Spirit is truth. {7} For there are three that bear record [martureo:G3140] in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. {8} And there are three that bear witness [martureo:G3140] in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one. {9} If we receive the witness [marturia:G3141] of men, the witness [marturia:G3141] of God is greater: for this is the witness [marturia:G3141] of God which he hath testified [martureo:G3140] of his Son.


Verse 9 is especially interesting because in addition to he hath testified or martureo, God has also inserted the feminine noun form which is marturia (G3141) three times as witness.


John 3:11 includes both of these terms, martureo and testify and marturia and witness: Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify [martureo:G3140] that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. [marturia:G3141]


This is what the religious leaders of Jesus day failed to understand as God had not given them eyes to see and ears to hear as John 8:13-14 and 18 record: The Pharisees therefore said unto him, Thou bearest record [martureo:G3140] of thyself; thy record [marturia:G3141]

 is not true. {14} Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record [martureo:G3140] of myself, [yet] my record [marturia:G3141] is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go. ... {18} I am one that bear witness [martureo:G3140] of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness [martureo:G3140] of me.


And John 5:39 proclaims this as which testify: Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify [martureo:G3140] of me.


This is further corroborated by Acts 10:43, which is translated as give witness: To him give [martureo:G3140][G0] all the prophets witness, [martureo:G3140] that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission [i.e., forgiveness] of sins.


Paul, under divine inspiration reiterates this as well in Acts 26:22, as he typifies God’s elect who continue up to the present day do likewise as they have always done so throughout history - witnessing or testifying of the Truth of the Bible. 


Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing [martureo:G3140] both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come:


Lastly, Acts 13:22 expresses this word as he gave testimony: And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, [martureo:G3140] and said, I have found David the [son] of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.


Acts 13:22 is quoting 1 Samuel 13:14 in part, as God through the prophet Samuel and as Stephen recounts, makes His determination concerning King Saul:


But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him [to be] captain over his people, because thou hast not kept [that] which the LORD commanded thee.


Isaiah 55:3-4 is similar in content with regards to David, and of course Who David spiritually exemplifies - the Lord Jesus Christ:


Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David. {4} Behold, I have given him [for] a witness [`ed:H5707] to the people, a leader and commander to the people.


Him [For] A Witness [`ed:H5707] 


This expression, him [for] a witness, or `ed (H5707)  is one of a family of roots that have to do with being a witness or testifying in some capacity, legal or otherwise. Here are some of the ways that God employs this word which is akin to the New Testament word matureo (G3140) that we have been investigating today; incidentally this Hebrew word is always translated as witness in the 68 other times that it appears:


In Numbers 35:30 we find this stipulation, in which this term is rendered twice as witness[es]:  Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses:[`ed:H5707] but one witness [`ed:H5707] shall not testify against any person [to cause him] to die.


Deuteronomy 17:6-7 further explains what God required insofar as capital punishment was to be adjudicated and repeats the stipulation in Numbers 25:30. This word is repeated four times in this passage, and the two or three witnesses is a reference to the Members of the Trinity spiritually and reminds one of 1 John 5:6-9. 


At the mouth of two witnesses, [`ed:H5707] or three witnesses, [`ed:H5707] shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; [but] at the mouth of one witness [`ed:H5707] he shall not be put to death. {7} The hands of the witnesses [`ed:H5707] shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So thou shalt put the evil away from among you.


Deuteronomy 19:15 reinforces this law as well; the expression shall the matter is the Hebrew word, dabar (H1697),  most commonly rendered as word. One witness [`ed:H5707] shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, [`ed:H5707] or at the mouth of three witnesses, [`ed:H5707] shall the matter be established.


We always to bear in mind that the Bible is a Book of Law - God’s Law - and it is legally binding insofar as mankind is concerned, and they are liable to obey it perfectly, or suffer the penalty of death and annihilation, which is why the Bible maintains in Romans 6:23, For the wages of sin is death… and sin is defined in 1 John 3:4 as ...the transgression of the law.


This is also why we read Deuteronomy 31:26, that the book of the law is a witness against mankind, unless one has been redeemed, and then they are no longer held accountable to the law (according to Romans 7:1-4): 

Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there for a witness [`ed:H5707] against thee.


A wonderful example of the use of witnesses in legal matters is found in Ruth 4:1-17 in which Boaz gathers the elders of Bethlehem to witness that he (typifying Christ) would be the kinsman-redeemer on behalf of Ruth (symbolizing the elect), since the nearer kinsman forfeited that responsibility. What we are about to read was absolutely binding, as it might be in a court of law today. This magnificent historical parable also ties in to David, who is the grandson of the child that was born to Boaz and Ruth, namely Obed: 


Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down. {2} And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down. {3} And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which [was] our brother Elimelech's: {4} And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy [it] before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem [it], redeem [it]: but if thou wilt not redeem [it, then] tell me, that I may know: for [there is] none to redeem [it] beside thee; and I [am] after thee. And he said, I will redeem [it]. {5} Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy [it] also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. {6} And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem [it] for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem [it]. {7} Now this [was the manner] in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave [it] to his neighbour: and this [was] a testimony in Israel. {8} Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy [it] for thee. So he drew off his shoe. {9} And Boaz said unto the elders, and [unto] all the people, Ye [are] witnesses [`ed:H5707]  this day, that I have bought all that [was] Elimelech's, and all that [was] Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. {10} Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye [are] witnesses [`ed:H5707]  this day. {11} And all the people that [were] in the gate, and the elders, said, [We are] witnesses. [`ed:H5707]  The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem: {12} And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman. {13} So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son. {14} And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed [be] the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. {15} And he shall be unto thee a restorer of [thy] life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him. {16} And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. {17} And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he [is] the father of Jesse, the father of David.


In verse 37 of Psalm 89:35-37, the moon (which represents the Word of God) is likened to a faithful witness in this passage, in which David symbolizes the Lord Jesus: Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. {36} His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.{37} It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness [`ed:H5707] in heaven. Selah.


Lastly, Isaiah 43:10 and 12 God emphasizes the role of His  elect to serve as witnesses of the Truth of Scripture: Ye [are] my witnesses, [`ed:H5707] saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I [am] he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. ... {12} I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, when [there was] no strange [god] among you: therefore ye [are] my witnesses, [`ed:H5707] saith the LORD, that I [am] God.

Well, let’s get back to Hebrews 2:4, God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


Signs [semeion:G4593]  And [kai:G2532]  Wonders [teras:G5059] 


We want to consider the expression, signs and wonders, which as I have mentioned on other occasions can be classified as either legitimate by the power of God, or Satanic in nature, which is the case after the Bible was completed (around 90 AD). These first three citations illustrate the usage of the former, and then we’ll take a look at some of the latter:


Acts 2:43 records: And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders [teras:G5059] and [kai:G2532] signs [semeion:G4593] were done by the apostles.


Acts 5:12 similarly states: And by the hands of the apostles were many signs [semeion:G4593] and [kai:G2532] wonders [teras:G5059] wrought among the people; (and they were all with one accord in Solomon's porch.


And Acts 6:8 reveals this about Stephen as well: And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders [teras:G5059] and [kai:G2532] miracles [semeion:G4593] among the people.


These next Scriptures highlight those verses which have to do with Satanic signs and wonders for the purpose of deceiving all but the elect:


Matthew 24:24 (and the parallel verse in Mark 13:22) acknowledge: For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs [semeion:G4593]  and [kai:G2532]  wonders [teras:G5059] ; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.


John 4:48 testifies that those who apparently “believe” do so on the basis of 


sight, not by faith which is the Biblical standard: Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs [semeion:G4593] and [kai:G2532]  wonders [teras:G5059] , ye will not believe.


This is why Jesus made the following statement, for instance, in John 2:23-25,


Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast [day], many believed [pisteuo:G4100] in his name, when they saw the miracles [semeion:G4593]  which he did. {24} But Jesus did [pisteuo:G4100]not commit [pisteuo:G4100] himself unto them, because he knew all [men], {25} And needed not that any should testify [martureo:G3140] of man: for he knew what was in man.


This passage is extremely insightful. For one thing, the word for believed and commit is pisteuo (G4100). The translators correctly did not state that Jesus did not believe, and so they used the term did not commit because if he had that would have meant that He would have obligated Himself at the foundation of the world to have atoned for their sins, which He only did for the Bride of Christ. In verse 25 we again encounter the word should testify, or martureo (G3140) that was discussed earlier in today’s lesson.  


The last entry is in verse 9 of  2 Thessalonians 2:3-9 which teaches how God allowed Satan to infiltrate and commandeer all the churches and denominations worldwide, and without exception at the beginning of the Great Tribulation which began on May 21, 1988: 


Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away [apostasia:G646] first, and that man of sin [Satan] be revealed, the son of perdition; {4} Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. {5} Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? {6} And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. {7} For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth [will let], until he be taken out of the way. {8} And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: {9} [Even him], whose coming is after against the working of Satan with all power and [kai:G2532] signs [semeion:G4593]  and lying wonders, [teras:G5059] 


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next lesson we will conclude verse 4.

Hebrews 2 - Part 5

October 18, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2 - Part 5, and today’s date is October 18, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:1-4,


Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. {2} For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; {3} How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; {4} God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


We have arrived at the latter part of verse 4, in which we find the terms, divers miracles, gifts of the Holy Ghost, and according to his own will, which we want to examine today. Just as we saw in our last study regarding signs and wonders, the terms miracles and gifts of the Holy Ghost were the confirmation that the apostles and prophets that God raised up were truly sent by God in order to proclaim His Truth. Jay P. Green’s Interlinear Bible translates this last part of verse 4 in the following manner:


...and by various works of power and (the) Spirit Holy by distribution, according to the of him will.


Divers (Various) [poikilos:G4164]


The word, divers (or various) is the Greek expression poikilos (G4154), which is found 10 times and is translated mostly as divers, and twice as manifold. It is a Greek adjective and modifies the following nouns, besides miracles as in our verse: diseases, lusts and pleasures, (and strange) doctrines, temptations, and grace, as the following passages reveal:


Mark 1:34 acknowledges: And he healed many that were sick of divers [poikilos:G4164] diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him.


Titus 3:3 states: For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers [poikilos:G4164] lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.


We will also encounter this term as we near the end of the book of Hebrews, Lord willing, in Hebrews 13:9, Be not carried about with divers [poikilos:G4164] and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.


However in 1 Peter 1:6 this word is expressed as manifold:  Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold [poikilos:G4164] temptations:


This is also the case with 1 Peter 4:10, As every man hath received the gift, [even so] minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold [G4164] grace of God.


Miracles [dynamis:G1411]


The expression, miracles or works of power is dynamis (G1411), which is a noun and stems from the verb, can or be able, or dynamai (G1410).  It is primarily rendered as power or mighty work. This is a word that is explosive in scope; not only because our English word  dynamite is derived from this term, but because it is one of God’s unfathomable characteristics. And yet the Bible presents this term in many different ways and contexts, but in each of them we are overwhelmed and awestruck by the display of God’s power within the Godhead, in His Son, in His Word, in Creation, in Salvation, and in His children just to name a few. In reading these verses I felt like the Queen of Sheba of whom it was said in verse 5, ...there was no more spirit in her… as she remarked to King Solomon in 1 Kings 10:4-7, although the comparison with King Solomon (who pictures the Lord Jesus in numerous respects) only pales in significance to the majesty of the  KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS: 


And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the house that he had built, {5} And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her. {6} And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. {7} Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard.


For the rest of today’s study I would like to focus on this Grrek word, power or dynamis, along with its Hebrew equivalent, which as we shall see is koach (H3581) 


We did encounter this Greek word power or dynamis back in Hebrews 1:3, which makes this glorious proclamation:


Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, [dynamis:G1411] when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;


In our last study I also mentioned Peter’s account on the Mount of Transfiguration in verse 16 of 2 Peter 2:16-21, in which he alludes to the superiority of God’s Holy Word over his own physical experience with his senses: 


For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power [dynamis:G1411] and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. {17} For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. {18} And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. {19} We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: {20} Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. {21} For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.


The term dynamis is especially in view in our present day of judgment as these next verses affirm:


Matthew 24:29 reveals: Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers [dynamis:G1411] of the heavens shall be shaken:


And 1 Corinthians 15:24 maintains: Then [cometh] the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. [dynamis:G1411] 


We have also understood from Romans 1:4 that Christ received the title, Son of God when He rose from the dead at the foundation of the world:  And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, [dynamis:G1411] according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: 


The Lord’s Prayer echoed this same theme of deliverance from evil (or salvation) by which God’s unparalleled power was demonstrated in the lives of His elect, as He raised them from spiritual death to spiritual life, according to Matthew 6:13,  


 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, [dynamis:G1411] and the glory, for ever. Amen.


This is also highlighted in Romans 1:16, For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power [dynamis:G1411] of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.


This is why 1 Corinthians 1:24 proclaims without hesitation that the Lord Jesus is indisputably the Power of God [and the Wisdom of God]: But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power [dynamis:G1411] of God, and the wisdom of God.


Christ’s power was clearly in evidence during His earthly ministry as Luke 4:14 and 36 testify: 


And Jesus returned in the power [dynamis:G1411] of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. ... {36} And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word [is] this! for with authority and power [dynamis:G1411] he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.


Following Christ’s earthly ministry and the start of the New Testament churches, Acts 1:8 expresses the gist of the Great Commission which came to an end on May 21, 2011 (as Matthew 24:14 teaches):


But ye shall receive power, [dynamis:G1411] after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.


In verse 12 of Acts 3:11-16, Peter under divine inspiration makes the point very well: And as the lame man which was healed held Peter and John, all the people ran together unto them in the porch that is called Solomon's, greatly wondering. {12} And when Peter saw [it], he answered unto the people, Ye men of Israel, why marvel ye at this? or why look ye so earnestly on us, as though by our own power [dynamis:G1411] or holiness we had made this man to walk? {13} The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let [him] go. {14} But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you; {15} And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses. {16} And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all. 


Peter’s statement, under divine inspiration is also verified as God’s power is further highlighted by His use of choosing earthen vessels - a symbol of God’s lowly elect - to glorify Himself as 2 Corinthians 4:7 reminds us: 


But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power [dynamis:G1411] may be of God, and not of us.


Paul could also testify to this as he declared in 2 Corinthians 12:12,

in which the same terms for sign and wonders and miracles (here rendered mighty deeds) as in Hebrews 2:4, surface in this passage: 


Truly the signs [semeion:G4592] of an apostle were wrought among you in all patience, in signs [semeion:G4592], and wonders [teras:G5059], and mighty deeds. [dynamis:G1411] 


However in verses 7-11 of 2 Corinthians 12 a different portrait emerges: And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. {8} For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. {9} And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power [dynamis:G1411]  of Christ may rest upon me. {10} Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong. {11} I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me: for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing am I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I be nothing.  


Paul sums up both his desire and his experience in the words of Philippians 3:10, That I may know him, and the power [dynamis:G1411] of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;


The testimony of Creation also underscores the power of God as Romans 1:20 concludes: 


For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power [dynamis:G1411] and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:


God's power is also seen in how He uses people - saved as well as unsaved -  to accomplish His divine purposes as we see from a citation like Romans 9:17 with respect to Pharaoh: 


 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power [dynamis:G1411] in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.


Those who have not been the recipients of God’s power and grace during the day of salvation lack that power, or have been deceived by a false gospel that purports to have that power when indeed they do not,  as these next citations sadly teach:


2 Timothy 3:5 alludes to the spiritual bankruptcy of many who claim to possess such power, but in reality do not possess its reality, but a mere shadow of it:  Having a form of godliness, but denying the power [dynamis:G1411] thereof: from such turn away.


Verse 22 Matthew 7:21-23 adds: Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.{22} Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? [dynamis:G1411] {23} And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.


Verse 24 of Mark 12:18-27 makes two stinging indictments against the the religious leaders of Jesus’ day in no uncertain terms:


Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, {19} Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave [his] wife [behind him], and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. {20} Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. {21} And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise. {22} And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also. {23} In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife. {24} And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power [dynamis:G1411] of God? {25} For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven. {26} And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I [am] the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? {27} He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.


Christ Receives Everything


These next five Scriptures are all taken from the book of Revelation and highlight that Christ alone is worthy of all all things good and just and holy:


Revelation 4:11 records: Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: [dynamis:G1411] for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.


And Revelation 5:12 concurs: Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power,  [dynamis:G1411] and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.


Revelation  7:12 continues this refrain of unceasing praise and worship: Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, [dynamis:G1411] and might, [be] unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.


Revelation 11:17 similarly attests:  Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, [dynamis:G1411] and hast reigned.


Lastly, Revelation 19:1 loudly proclaims: And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, [dynamis:G1411] unto the Lord our God:


Power [koach:H3581/TWOT:973.1]  In The Old Testament


I would now like for us to consider one of the many Old Testament words for power, which is equivalent to dunamis.  We know this for certain by going back to Romans 9:17, which we read earlier in today’s lesson, in which we discover a “word bridge” that takes us back to the Old Testament:


 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power [dynamis:G1411] in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.


Romans 9:17 is quoting Exodus 9:16 which I’ll read again starting with verse 13 and going down to verse 17 to get the context of God’s words to Pharaoh Thutmosis III through Moses:


And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me. {14} For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that [there is] none like me in all the earth. {15} For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth. {16} And in very deed for this [cause] have I raised thee up, for to shew [in] thee my power; [koach:H3581/TWOT:973.1] and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.  {17} As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them go? 


The 10 plagues of Egypt that culminated in the Exodus itself and the crossing of the Red Sea was one of the greatest demonstrations of the power of God in the Old Testament, and spiritually points to the salvation of all God’s elect which is the greatest miracle of all, bar none, as far as human beings are concerned. It was so noteworthy that even Rahab the harlot and the inhabitants of Ai heard of it over 40 years later as word travelled by mouth during a time when there were vo computers, phones, faxes, or internet to disseminate this awesome event, according to Joshua 2:8-11,


And before they were laid down, she came up unto them upon the roof; {9} And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you. {10} For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that [were] on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed. {11} And as soon as we had heard [these things], our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he [is] God in heaven above, and in earth beneath.


Exodus 15 is a song of victory that Moses and the Israelites sang after the crossing of the Red Sea, and in verse 6 we find this same word power again connected to the right hand, and the right hand exemplifies  the Lord Jesus Christ: 


Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: [koach:H3581] thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.


2 Kings 17:36 likewise affirms: But the LORD, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power [koach:H3581] and a stretched out arm, him shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice.


Isaiah 50:2 acknowledges: Wherefore, when I came, [was there] no man? when I called, [was there] none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power [koach:H3581] to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because [there is] no water, and dieth for thirst.


1 Chronicles 29:12 adds: Both riches and honour [come] of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand [is] power [koach:H3581] and might; and in thine hand [it is] to make great, and to give strength unto all.


In Psalm 29:4 this expression is rendered powerful, as God’s power is manifested through His Divine Word: The voice of the LORD [is] powerful; [koach:H3581] the voice of the LORD [is] full of majesty.


Psalm 147:5 testifies to this as well: Great [is] our Lord, and of great power: [koach:H3581] his understanding [is] infinite.


In verse 1 of Isaiah 63:1-5 this word is translated as strength, is this Scripture which speaks of Christ’s Atonement at the foundation of the world: 


Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength?[H3581] I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. {2} Wherefore [art thou] red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? {3} I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. {4} For the day of vengeance [is] in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. {5} And I looked, and [there was] none to help; and I wondered that [there was] none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.


Well on that glorious note we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue our examination of verse 4. 

Hebrews 2 - Part 6

October 25, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2 - Part 6, and today’s date is October 25, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:1-4,


Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let [them] slip. {2} For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; {3} How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; {4} God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will? {5} For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.


In our on-going study in the book of Hebrews we have arrived at the last few words in verse 4...and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will? Let’s first consider the words, gifts and of the Holy Ghost which are only found together in this verse.


Gifts [merismos:G3311]


The expression gifts or merismos  only appears again in Hebrews 4:12 which is another very important declaration regarding the Word of God, and is rendered the dividing asunder:


For the word of God [is] quick [living], and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder [merismos:G3311] of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 


Merismos is a Greek noun and is derived from the verb, merizo (G3307)  which we have encountered before when we refer to Satan’s kingdom being divided, for example in Mark 3:24-26 in which this word is translates as be divided three times:


And if a kingdom be divided [merizo:G3307] against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. {25} And if a house be divided [merizo:G3307] against itself, that house cannot stand. {26} And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, [merizo:G3307] he cannot stand, but hath an end.


This portion of Scripture is a good illustration of God’s usage of the number three to point spiritually to God’s purpose or will as this term be divided occurs in each of these three verses in sequence. 


Additionally Luke 12:13-14 also pertains to our present day of judgment. Verse 13 includes this word, merizo, which is rendered as that he divide: 


And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide [merizo:G3307] the inheritance with me. {14} And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider [meristes:G3312] over you?


Then in verse 14 there is a related word expressed as a divider or meristes and highlights two of the Lord Jesus Christ’s Roles in our day as Judge and Divider.


Another helpful passage is verse 17 of 1 Corinthians 7:17-24 in which this word is expressed as hath distributed:


But as God hath distributed [merizo:G3307]  to every man, as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all churches. {18} Is any man called being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised. Is any called in uncircumcision? let him not be circumcised. {19} Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God. {20} Let every man abide in the same calling wherein he was called. {21} Art thou called [being] a servant? care not for it: but if thou mayest be made free, use [it] rather. {22} For he that is called in the Lord, [being] a servant, is the Lord's freeman: likewise also he that is called, [being] free, is Christ's servant. {23} Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men. {24} Brethren, let every man, wherein he is called, therein abide with God. 


Let me read Hebrews 2:4 again since these words are in the context of God providing confirmation that His apostles and prophets were sent by Him and spoke His Truth prior to the Bible being completed around 90 AD:


God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?


Of The Holy [hagios:G40] Ghost [pneuma:G4151]


Thus we recognize that the signs and wonders, divers [various, manifold] miracles [power, mighty works] and gifts [dividing, distribution] originated from God the Holy Spirit, and always in accordance with His Divine will. Let’s take a closer look at how God employs these two sacred terms together - of the Holy and Ghost (or Spirit), which is referring to the Third Person of the Godhead. These two expressions are found in close to a 100 New Testament Scriptures and cover a host of various contexts as you can well imagine as God is intimately involved in accomplishing His purposes through His Word, His people, and most importantly glorifying His Son. We will also encounter these two terms again in the following passages, as we make our way through the Book of Hebrews, and be able to explore each of these chapters in depth:


Verse 7 of Hebrews 3:7-14 presents a critical warning: Wherefore (as the Holy [hagios:G40] Ghost [pneuma:G4151] saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. {10} Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways. {11} So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) {12} Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. {13} But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. {14} For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;


However in verse 4 of Hebrews 6:4-12 these two words emerge along with an indictment (which continues in verses 5-6 and 8) that is being leveled against the end-time institutional churches and denominations for their unfaithfulness to God’s Word, while contrasting the doctrine and corresponding lifestyle of God’s elect people: 


For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy [hagios:G40]  Ghost [pneuma:G4151], {5} And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, {6} If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame. {7} For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receiveth blessing from God: {8} But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned. {9} But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. {10} For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. {11} And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end: {12} That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.


These two terms also surface in verse 8 of Hebrews 9:7-17 in which God contrasts the Levitical priesthood with its accompanying sacrificial system, with the superiority of Christ’s eternal priesthood ...after the order of Melchisedec, and His perfect Atonement at the foundation of the world as the Testator of  an equally perfect Testament (or Will):  


Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service [of God]. {7} But into the second [went] the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and [for] the errors of the people: {8} The Holy [hagios:G40] Ghost [pneuma:G4151] this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: {9} Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; {10} [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation. {11} But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; {12} Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption [for us]. {13} For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: {14} How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? {15} And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. {16} For where a testament [is], there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. {17} For a testament [is] of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.


Verse 15 of Hebrews 10:5-18  contains these two words again in this chapter which like Hebrews 9 is a comparison of the Levitical priesthood and their sacrifices with the One, Perfect Sacrifice of the Lord Jesus at the foundation of the world: 


Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: {6} In burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin thou hast had no pleasure. {7} Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. {8} Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and [offering] for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure [therein]; which are offered by the law;  {9} Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. {10} By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all]. {11} And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: {12} But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; {13} From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. {14} For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. {15} [Whereof] the Holy [hagios:G40] Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, {16} This [is] the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; {17} And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. {18} Now where remission of these [is, there is] no more offering for sin.

 

Please note the repetition of these words:


  • ...but a body hast thou prepared me
  • ... through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all]. 
  • ...after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever
  • For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.


This would also corroborate the declaration of 1 Peter 2:24 once one understands that the only time Christ was bearing sin was at the foundation of the world.


Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.


Some might object by saying, “Where’s the tree?” And we want to bear in mind that the tree signifies becoming a curse, according to these next citations:


Galatians 3:13 acknowledges, and once again we see a threefold repetition of this word curse/cursed, underscoring God’s purpose for the Lord Jesus in the Atonement:  Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:


Galatians 3:13 is quoting Deuteronomy 21:22-23 in part so this provides a “word bridge” which was developed in BMI’s series on The Lamb Slain From The Foundation Of The World:  And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree: {23} His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged [is] accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance.


Let’s proceed to verses 5-9, which I will read: 


For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak. {6} But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? {7} Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: {8} Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing [that is] not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him. {9} But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. 


These verses are a quotation taken from Psalm 8:1-9, which we will be investigating in some of our future studies:


[To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.] O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens. {2} Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. {3} When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; {4} What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? {5} For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. {6} Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all [things] under his feet: {7} All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; {8} The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, [and whatsoever] passeth through the paths of the seas. 9 O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth! 


For the time being let’s focus our attention on Hebrews 2:5, and the word, ...hath he put in subjection… since we have already considered the term angels (or messengers) or aggelos (G32) in Hebrews 1.


Hath He Put In Subjection [hypotasso:G5293] 


The expression hath he put in subjection or hypotasso (G5293) includes the negation not to once again make another distinction between the angels and the Lord Jesus Christ as we saw so frequently in Chapter 1.  This Greek verb is employed 39 other times primarily as some form of being put in subjection or submitting oneself to, or some form of obedience, as the following citations testify:


We will find this expression in Hebrews 2:8 again, and it is mentioned three times to once again underscore the purpose of God to place everything under the authority and power of the Lord Jesus Christ, as this word is translated in the following ways:  as thou hast put in subjection, that he put in subjection under, and put under: 


Thou hast put [hypotasso:G5293][G0] all things in subjection [hypotasso:G5293] under his feet. For in that he put [hypotasso:G5293][G0] all in subjection under [hypotasso:G5293] him, he left nothing [that is] not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under [hypotasso:G5293] him.



1 Corinthians 15:27 affirms this same word three times as well in the following ways: he hath put, are put under, and which did put under: For he hath put [hypotasso:G5293] all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under [hypotasso:G5293] [him, it is] manifest that he is excepted, which did put [hypotasso:G5293][G0] all things under [hypotasso:G5293] him.


Ephesians 1:22 further adds: And hath put [hypotasso:G5293] all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,


This is also seen in 1 Peter 3:22, and rendered as being made subject: Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject [hypotasso:G5293] unto him.


Philippians 3:21 also acknowledges the final stage of the salvation of God’s elect sheep, and appears as to subdue:  Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue [hypotasso:G5293] all things unto himself.


Even as a young boy Christ was in submission to His earthly parents, as expressed by the term subject in Luke 2:51, And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject [hypotasso:G5293] unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.


Verse 1 of Romans 13:1-2 asserts that God has set up all forms of authority; our word surfaces as be subject: Let every soul be subject [hypotasso:G5293] unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. {2} Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.


Although the foregoing passages are positive in nature, this expression can also convey a negative nuance as well, according to these next Scriptures:


Romans 8:7 renders this as it is subject: Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is [hypotasso:G5293][G0] not subject [hypotasso:G5293] to the law of God, neither indeed can be.


Lastly, Romans 10:3 translates this as have submitted themselves: For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have [hypotasso:G5293][G0] not submitted themselves [hypotasso:G5293] unto the righteousness of God.


I think we’ll stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue our journey in Hebrews 2.

Hebrews 2 - Part 7

November 1, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2 - Part 7, and today’s date is November 1, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:5-9,


For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak. {6} But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? {7} Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: {8} Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing [that is] not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him. {9} But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. 


In our last study we left off at the phrase ...the world to come, whereof we speak, which I would like to now address, keeping in mind the contrast that God is making once again between the created angelic beings and God the Son, just as we witnessed so frequently in Chapter 1. The crux of verse 5 is an astounding pronouncement indeed! God is declaring in no uncertain terms that the world to come - in other words the New Heavens and New Earth - is under the power and authority of the Lord Jesus Christ. We plainly recognize that our sin-cursed earth is under the domination of the Lord Jesus in our present day of judgment. But verse 5 maintains that the perfect and holy environment that constitutes the world to come, in which the Bride of Christ will dwell forevermore with Her Husband in divine harmony and bliss will likewise be under His auspicious control, as we read in 2 Peter 3:13,


Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.


 Let’s take a closer look at these two expressions, the world to come, to see how God employs them in other passages.



The World [oikoumene:G3625] To Come [mello:G3195] 


These two terms appear together in four other citations, having to do with our present world; only Hebrews 2:5 pertains to the world to come:


In Acts 11:28 these words are rendered as that there should be and world: And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be [mello:G3195] great dearth throughout all the world [oikoumene:G3625]: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar.


Acts 17:31 is a passage that is speaking about our present day of judgment, and these terms are expressed as he will and world: Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will [mello:G3195] judge the world [oikoumene:G3625] in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.


Acts 19:27 renders these as should and world: So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should [mello:G3195] be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world [oikoumene:G3625] worshippeth.


Last but not least, Revelation 3:10 translates these as shall come and world: Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come [mello:G3195]  upon all the world [oikoumene:G3625], to try them that dwell upon the earth.





The last phrase in verse 5, whereof we speak, consists of two words which are found together in 26 other references, and we will consider some of them. But before doing that, please note how God is linking speaking with the world to come. This highlights a vitally important truth regarding the role of the child of God to share the Truth that God has revealed through His Word regarding any doctrine. A good example of this is found in the profound words of Peter, under divine inspiration in verse 20 of Acts 4:13-20,


Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. {14} And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it. {15} But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves, {16} Saying, What shall we do to these men? for that indeed a notable miracle hath been done by them [is] manifest to all them that dwell in Jerusalem; and we cannot deny [it]. {17} But that it spread no further among the people, let us straitly threaten them, that they speak henceforth to no man in this name. {18} And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. {19} But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. {20} For we cannot but speak [laleo:G2980] the things which we have seen and heard.


Whereof [peri:G4012] We Speak [laleo:G2980]


Verse 11 Luke 9:10-17 renders these words as and spake and of:  And the apostles, when they were returned, told him all that they had done. And he took them, and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida. {11} And the people, when they knew [it], followed him: and he received them, and spake [laleo:G2980] unto them of [peri:G4012] the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of healing. {12} And when the day began to wear away, then came the twelve, and said unto him, Send the multitude away, that they may go into the towns and country round about, and lodge, and get victuals: for we are here in a desert place. {13} But he said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they said, We have no more but five loaves and two fishes; except we should go and buy meat for all this people. {14} For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down by fifties in a company. {15} And they did so, and made them all sit down. {16} Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude. {17} And they did eat, and were all filled: and there was taken up of fragments that remained to them twelve baskets.


We find another principle that is embedded in verse 16 which was applicable during the era of the church age (along with their partial understanding of Truth), and is just as relevant today (as God continues to reveal more and more Truth progressively). It is incumbent upon us to share what we have learned with others, and in so doing we  feed God’s sheep and lambs and thus fulfill this new commission for this day of judgment:


Verse 44 of Luke 24:44-49 renders these as I spake and concerning: And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake [laleo:G2980] unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning [peri:G4012] me. {45} Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, {46} And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: {47} And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. {48} And ye are witnesses of these things. {49} And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.


Verse 17 of John 7:14-18 employs these words as of and speak in this account in which the religious leaders level the same accusation against the Lord as they did to Peter and John in Acts 13 that we read earlier:   


Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught. {15} And the Jews marvelled, saying, How knoweth this man letters, having never learned? {16} Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me. {17} If any man will do his will, he shall know of [peri:G4012] the doctrine, whether it be of God, or [whether] I speak [laleo:G2980] of myself. {18} He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.


Likewise verse 41 of John 12:31-41 translates these the same way:   Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. {32} And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me. {33}  This he said, signifying what death he should die. {34} The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man? {35} Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. {36} While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them. {37} But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him: {38} That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? {39} Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, {40} These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake [laleo:G2980] of [peri:G4012] him.


In this portion of Scripture (along with the five other times it is referenced in the New Testament) the noteworthy passage found in Isaiah 6:9-10 is quoted in part in verses 38-39. I’ll read Isaiah 6:9-10 for the sake of the context:


And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. {10} Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.


Let’s consider one other citation in 2 Peter 3:16, in which these two terms are expressed as 


As also in all [his] epistles, speaking [laleo:G2980] in them of [peri:G4012] these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.


Before proceeding on to verse 6 I would also like to make a short detour to discuss John 12:35-36 for just a moment, as it is a most interesting verse: 


Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. {36} While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.


The repetition of yet a little while and while ye have the light as contrasted with lest darkness come upon you or he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth remind us of a number of verses such as Isaiah 55:6,


Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: 


However there is another aspect surrounding this verse that I would like to emphasize. It has to do with the notion that some have put forward that one cannot know the timing of the very last day of this prolonged day of judgment that we are currently living in. Proponents of that idea use Revelation 10:6 (and other verses such as to back up this notion that one cannot know time information:


And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time [chronos:G5550] no [ou:G3756] longer [eti:G2089]:


What is very curious though is that these three words at the end of verse 6, namely time no longer are only found in one other Scripture. And that passage is verse 35 of John 12:35-36,   


Then Jesus said unto them, Yet [eti:G2089] a little while [chronos:G5550] is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not [ou:G3756] whither he goeth. {36} While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.


In verse 35, time is translated as while; no is rendered as not; and longer is expressed as yet.  


So the conclusion that one cannot know the timing of the very last day is a misrepresentation of what this verse is teaching. What Revelation 10:6 is actually underscoring with respect to time, has to do with the end of salvation. This is why John 12:35 stresses the significance of seeking the LORD while he may be found or walking while ye have the light.


Well, let’s move on to verse 6, which is a quotation taken from Psalm 8:4


Verse 6: But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? 


The first phrase, But one in a certain place testified is a reference to Psalm 8:4, and is made up of four words that only surface together in this verse, so we will have to consider them individually:


In A Certain Place [pou:G4225]


The expression, in a certain place is a Greek adverb that is only found in two other references:


It emerges again in verse 4 of  Hebrews 4:1-6 as in a certain place which is a very serious warning: Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place [pou:G4225] of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:


Hebrews 4:4 is quoting Genesis 2:2, 


And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.


The second time this expression is found, is in verse 19 of Romans 4:19-21, in which it is rendered about, speaking of Abraham: And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about [pou:G4225] an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb: {20}  He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; {21} And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 


Testified [diamartyromai:G1263] 


The next word in Hebrew 2:6 is testified, which relates back to Psalm 8:4 which is being quoted, and like the whole Bible is a true and faithful testimony, even as its Divine Author is likewise True and Faithful. This is a compound word and the main word, martureo (G3140) which we ran into when we were working on the expression in Hebrews 2:4, also bearing [them] witness, which also includes this same term, martureo (G3140), or bear witness or testify. I covered that term already as well as the next word in our verse which is saying, or lego (G1004) in some of our earlier studies, so we can go to the next phrase in Hebrews 2:6, which poses this profound question: What is man?


However, I think I’ll wait to begin our examination of this phrase in Hebrew, as we won’t have enough time today.

Hebrews 2 - Part 8

November 8, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for 

joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 2 - Part 8, and today’s date is November 8, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 2:5-9,


For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak. {6} But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? {7} Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: {8} Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing [that is] not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him. {9} But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.


In our examination of Hebrews 2 we are down to the latter part of verse 6, which is quoting Psalm 8:4 and both pose these two profound questions: 


What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?


Man [anthropos:G444] Versus Man [’enowsh:H582]


What can we learn about each of these Greek and Hebrew expressions? I’ll start with the Greek word first, which is anthropos, from which we get some of our English words such as anthropology, or the study of man. 


Man [anthropos:G444] 


One of the most amazing declarations concerning man that we find from time to time in the Bible appears for instance in Revelation 21:3, 

And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God [is] with men, [anthropos:G444] and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, [and be] their God.


The only way that this could ever take place is rooted in the will and operation of God to offer The Lord Jesus Christ (God Himself) in the atonement at the foundation of the world, in order to redeem a people for Himself - and specifically a spiritual Bride -  that Christ would be married to for all eternity. Notice that this tabernacle or skene (G4633) is not with angels, or other created beings, or animals but only with human beings who have been re-created in the image of God, which had previously become shattered in the Garden of Eden, as a result of Adam and Eve’s original sin. This is why we read in Hebrews 9:11 regarding a greater and more perfect tabernacle that is spiritual, and hence not made with hands:


Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle [skene:G4633], not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;


This is also verified by the admission in verse 2 of Hebrews 8:1-2, which attributes all of this to the power and will of God:


Now of the things which we have spoken [this is] the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;{2} A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle [skene:G4633], which the Lord pitched, and not man. [anthropos:G444] 


One finds an important contrast between the first Adam and the second Adam (Christ) in Romans 5:12, 15, and 18-19, in which we find this term man/men or anthropos in each of these verses; notice the unique interplay between the words one (or heis), many (or polus), and all (or pas) 


Wherefore, as by one [heis:G1520] man (Adam) [anthropos:G444] sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all [pas:G3956] men, (Mankind)[anthropos:G444] for that all [pas:G3956] have sinned: ... {15} But not as the offence, so also [is] the free gift. For if through the offence of one [heis:G1520] (Adam) many [heis:G1520]  (the non-elect) be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, [which is] by one [heis:G1520] man, [anthropos:G444] Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. [polus:G4183] (the elect) ... {18} Therefore as by the offence of one [heis:G1520] (Adam) [judgment came] upon all [pas:G3956] men (Mankind) [anthropos:G444] to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one [heis:G1520] (Christ) [the free gift came] upon all [pas:G3956] men (the elect) [anthropos:G444] unto justification of life. {19} For as by one [heis:G1520] man's (Adam) [anthropos:G444] disobedience many [polus:G4183] (the elect) were made sinners, so by the obedience of one [heis:G1520] (Christ) shall many [polus:G4183] (the elect) be made righteous. 


In John 8:16-19 this word anthropos is rendered men referencing both God the Son and God the Father, while harkening back to an Old Testament law which is being quoted in verse 17: 


And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me. {17}  It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men [anthropos:G444] is true. {18} I [ego:G1473] am [eimi:G1510]  one that bear witness [martureo:G3140] of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness [martureo:G3140]  of me. {19} Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.


Incidentally the expressions, one that bear witness and beareth witness have to do with the testimony of the Son and the Father in verse 18, which is the word martureo (G3140) which we have seen before in Hebrews 2:4 which states:


God also bearing [them] witness [sunepimartureo:G4901], both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will? 


The main word in this compound Greek expression, sunepimartureo is martureo (G3140). You might recall Mr. Camping teaching on the two little words that precede one that bear witness or martureo, namely I am, or  I, ego (G1473) and am or eimi (G1510), which surface in a number of passages such as I am...the Door, I am...the Good Shepherd, I am... the Bread of life, I am...the Light of the world. Most notably is John 8:58 which incited the Jews to try to stone the Messiah because He was declaring that He is indeed THE GREAT I AM THAT I AM of the Old Testament:  


Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I [ego:G1473] am. [eimi:G1510]


This is a quotation from Exodus 3:14, in which God explains to Moses that The Ever-Existing One - or I AM THAT I AM - had sent him to lead the Israelites out of Egypt: And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.


Let’s go back to John 8:17 for a moment as I would like two make two other observations. One, the Old Testament law being quoted in John 8:17 is found in Deuteronomy 19:15 in which the mouth of two witnesses and then the mouth of three witnesses, spiritually refer to the Two Members of the Godhead and then all Three and notice the association with the mouth (peh:H6310); please keep in mind that the word, shall the matter or dabar (H1697) is primarily translated throughout the Old Testament as word:


One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth [peh:H6310/TWOT:1738]* of two witnesses [`ed:H5707/TWOT:1576b], or at the mouth of three witnesses [`ed:H5707/TWOT:1576b], shall the matter [dabar:H1697/TWOT:399a] - translated word primarily] be established.


Secondly, I would also like to point out that this word, the mouth in Deuteronomy 19:15, can be understood spiritually to be the mouth of God. 




*Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament


This term, the mouth is the Hebrew word peh (H6310) which is also the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, so it is a “letter-word,” and thus it contains spiritual significance (as do all the letters of the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek alphabets since all three are found in Scripture), unlike any other alphabet in the world.


 In fact, the very first entry of man or anthropos (G444)  that we have been investigating is Matthew 4:4 and this passage highlights the spiritual magnitude of the mouth of God, placing it in importance above even our physical food (which we need to live) as it supplies the life-giving spiritual nourishment that sustains the child of God during our pilgrimage on earth:


But he answered and said, It is written, Man [anthropos:G444] shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth [stoma:G4750] of God.


I would like to look at one other fascinating citation found in verse 52 of Matthew 13:51-53 in which we find the word a man, or anthropos again. In the historical setting, the Lord Jesus has just finished explaining the parabolic meaning of the parable of the wheat and tares to His disciples, after which we read these words: 


Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord. {52} Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [anthropos:G444] [that is] an householder [oikodespotes:G3617], which bringeth forth out of his treasure [thesauros:G2344] [things] new and old.


A scribe...instructed unto the kingdom of heaven  in this context refers to one who has learned the meat of the word and is likened to a householder (this expression is found chiefly in connection to Christ). And what has Christ been doing for over 30 years now? Since the beginning of the Great Tribulation (May 21, 1988) He has been unloosing the seals on the Bible that He Himself shut up or sealed in Daniel 12:4 and 9, and which He opened according to Revelation 5:5. In essence He as well as the scribe (since He alone reveals truth to the scribe) brings forth out of His treasure...new and old truths or doctrines. The term treasure or thesauros (G2344)  is vital, as it is the Greek word from which we derive our English word, thesaurus, and is identically spelled in the transliteration, except that it ends in a  “-os” instead of a “-us.” A thesaurus is filled with words - both synonyms and as well as antonyms. And so is the Bible - the treasure of God’s Word - filled with His 14,000 or so God-breathed words based on 22 Hebrew letters and 24 Greek letters that are ripe with spiritual meaning that we can feed upon, and in turn, share with others.  


Let’s now turn our attention to the Hebrew noun for man (or mankind) found in Psalm 8:4, which is ’enowsh (H582). It stems from the verb ’anash (G605/TWOT:135), which is predominantly translated as and desperately (incurably) wicked or sick, which is a very fitting portrayal of man’s sinful heart, as Jeremiah 17:9 and the following references acknowledge:


The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked [’enash:H605TWOT:135]: who can know it?


It is also utilized in 2 Samuel 12:15 as and it was very sick, with regard to the baby (that subsequently died) of David and Bathsheba: And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick. [’enash:H605TWOT:135] 


Jeremiah 30:12 and 15 render this as [is] incurable with respect to God’s judgment beginning at His own house first: For thus saith the LORD, Thy bruise [is] incurable, [’enash:H605TWOT:135] [and] thy wound [is] grievous. ... {15} Why criest thou for thine affliction? thy sorrow [is] incurable [’enash:H605TWOT:135] for the multitude of thine iniquity: [because] thy sins were increased, I have done these things unto thee.


In the same fashion, verse 9 of Micah 1:1-9 makes this powerful declaration: The word of the LORD that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. {2} Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple. {3} For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread upon the high places of the earth. {4} And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, [and] as the waters [that are] poured down a steep place. {5} For the transgression of Jacob [is] all this, and for the sins of the house of Israel. What [is] the transgression of Jacob? [is it] not Samaria? and what [are] the high places of Judah? [are they] not Jerusalem? {6} Therefore I will make Samaria as an heap of the field, [and] as plantings of a vineyard: and I will pour down the stones thereof into the valley, and I will discover the foundations thereof. {7} And all the graven images thereof shall be beaten to pieces, and all the hires thereof shall be burned with the fire, and all the idols thereof will I lay desolate: for she gathered [it] of the hire of an harlot, and they shall return to the hire of an harlot. {8} Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls. {9} For her wound [is] incurable; [’enash:H605TWOT:135]  for it is come unto Judah; he is come unto the gate of my people, [even] to Jerusalem.


Man [’enowsh:H582/TWOT:136a] 


The following are some of the ways that God employs this word man or ’enowsh found in Psalm 8:4,


Verse 4 of Zep 3:1-4 expresses this word as persons: Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city! {2} She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God. {3} Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.{4}Her prophets [are] light [and] treacherous persons [’enowsh:H582/TWOT:136a]: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.


The following citations are similar to Psalm 8:4,


Verse 7 of Job 7:17-18 maintain:  What [is] man [’enowsh:H582/TWOT:136a], that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him? {18} And [that] thou shouldest visit him every morning, [and] try him every moment? 


Job 15:14 likewise affirms: What [is] man [’enowsh:H582/TWOT:136a], that he should be clean? and [he which is] born of a woman, that he should be righteous?



In Genesis 6:4 one learns of the men of renown or literally men of the name, who were the theologians of that day, who outwardly claimed allegiance to the God of the Bible; our word ’enowsh is translated here as men: 


There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare [children] to them, the same [became] mighty men which [were] of old, men [’enowsh:H582/TWOT:136a] of renown.


The only other time in the Old Testament where this expression, men of renown crops up again is in Numbers 16:2, with regard to the rebellion of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, and the 250 princes, as well as the 14,700 individuals who died in the plague because they complained about the deaths of the others; again our word men or ’enowsh is found in verse 2. I’ll read the entire chapter as it is a grim reminder of the consequences for complaining or murmuring against what God had solemnly decreed:  


{2} And they rose up before Moses, with certain [’enowsh:H582/TWOT:136a] of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, famous in the congregation, men  of renown: {3} And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them, [Ye take] too much upon you, seeing all the congregation [are] holy, every one of them, and the LORD [is] among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the LORD? {4} And when Moses heard [it], he fell upon his face: {5} And he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will shew who [are] his, and [who is] holy; and will cause [him] to come near unto him: even [him] whom he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him. {6} This do; Take you censers, Korah, and all his company; {7} And put fire therein, and put incense in them before the LORD to morrow: and it shall be [that] the man whom the LORD doth choose, he [shall be] holy: [ye take] too much upon you, ye sons of Levi. {8} And Moses said unto Korah, Hear, I pray you, ye sons of Levi: {9} [Seemeth it but] a small thing unto you, that the God of Israel hath separated you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself to do the service of the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation to minister unto them? {10} And he hath brought thee near [to him], and all thy brethren the sons of Levi with thee: and seek ye the priesthood also? {11} For which cause [both] thou and all thy company [are] gathered together against the LORD: and what [is] Aaron, that ye murmur against him? {12} And Moses sent to call Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab: which said, We will not come up: {13} [Is it] a small thing that thou hast brought us up out of a land that floweth with milk and honey, to kill us in the wilderness, except thou make thyself altogether a prince over us? {14} Moreover thou hast not brought us into a land that floweth with milk and honey, or given us inheritance of fields and vineyards: wilt thou put out the eyes of these men? we will not come up. {15} And Moses was very wroth, and said unto the LORD, Respect not thou their offering: I have not taken one ass from them, neither have I hurt one of them. {16} And Moses said unto Korah, Be thou and all thy company before the LORD, thou, and they, and Aaron, to morrow: {17} And take every man his censer, and put incense in them, and bring ye before the LORD every man his censer, two hundred and fifty censers; thou also, and Aaron, each [of you] his censer. {18} And they took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid incense thereon, and stood in the door of the tabernacle of the congregation with Moses and Aaron. {19} And Korah gathered all the congregation against them unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the congregation. {20} And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, {21} Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume them in a moment. {22} And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation? {23} And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {24} Speak unto the congregation, saying, Get you up from about the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. {25} And Moses rose up and went unto Dathan and Abiram; and the elders of Israel followed him. {26} And he spake unto the congregation, saying, Depart, I pray you, from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest ye be consumed in all their sins. {27} So they gat up from the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, on every side: and Dathan and Abiram came out, and stood in the door of their tents, and their wives, and their sons, and their little children. {28} And Moses said, Hereby ye shall know that the LORD hath sent me to do all these works; for [I have] not [done them] of mine own mind. {29} If these men die the common death of all men, or if they be visited after the visitation of all men; [then] the LORD hath not sent me. {30} But if the LORD make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow them up, with all that [appertain] unto them, and they go down quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the LORD. {31} And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all these words, that the ground clave asunder that [was] under them: {32} And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that [appertained] unto Korah, and all [their] goods. {33} They, and all that [appertained] to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation. {34} And all Israel that [were] round about them fled at the cry of them: for they said, Lest the earth swallow us up [also]. {35} And there came out a fire from the LORD, and consumed the two hundred and fifty men that offered incense. {36} And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {37} Speak unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, that he take up the censers out of the burning, and scatter thou the fire yonder; for they are hallowed. {38} The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates [for] a covering of the altar: for they offered them before the LORD, therefore they are hallowed: and they shall be a sign unto the children of Israel. {39} And Eleazar the priest took the brasen censers, wherewith they that were burnt had offered; and they were made broad [plates for] a covering of the altar: {40} [To be] a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger, which [is] not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense before the LORD; that he be not as Korah, and as his company: as the LORD said to him by the hand of Moses. {41} But on the morrow all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the people of the LORD. {42} And it came to pass, when the congregation was gathered against Moses and against Aaron, that they looked toward the tabernacle of the congregation: and, behold, the cloud covered it, and the glory of the LORD appeared. {43} And Moses and Aaron came before the tabernacle of the congregation. {44} And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {45} Get you up from among this congregation, that I may consume them as in a moment. And they fell upon their faces. {46} And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation, and make an atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from the LORD; the plague is begun. {47} And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation; and, behold, the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made an atonement for the people. {48} And he stood between the dead and the living; and the plague was stayed. {49} Now they that died in the plague were fourteen thousand and seven hundred, beside them that died about the matter of Korah. {50} And Aaron returned unto Moses unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and the plague was stayed.


On that very sobering note we will have to conclude today’s study. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue our examination of Hebrews 2:6 in conjunction with Psalm 8:4. Please stay tuned for the remainder of our Hymn Sing.