Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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 Hebrews 1 - Part 19

 July 19, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 19, and today’s date is July 19, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


We are continuing our examination of verse 10, which as I have stated is a quotation taken from Psalm 102:25,


Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands.


In Psalm 102:25 the words, the foundation and of the earth do appear together in a number of references, but this is not the case in Hebrews 1:10, as they only surface together in this verse.  In fact, we concluded our previous study by looking at the term hast laid the foundation (referring to the earth) which was only found again in the following five citations:


Matthew 7:25 (and its counterpart in Luke 6:48) states: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded [themelioo:G2311] upon a rock.


And Ephesians 3:17 declares: That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded [themelioo:G2311] in love


Colossians 1:23 proclaims: If ye continue in the faith grounded [themelioo:G2311] and settled, and [be] not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, [and] which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister; 


Lastly, 1 Peter 5:10 offers this exhortation, in which this word is rendered settle:  But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [themelioo:G2311] [you]. 


In each of these five passages this expression foundation is used in conjunction with the following subjects:


  • Rock (twice): a spiritual representation of Christ - ...it was founded [themelioo:G2311] upon a rock
  • Love: ...that ye, being rooted and grounded [themelioo:G2311] in love 
  • Faith: If ye continue in the faith grounded [themelioo:G2311] and settled…
  • Elect: ...after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [themelioo:G2311] [you]. 


We can see that Christ is the Rock, which is highlighted twice in the parable of the man that built his house upon a Rock, which also reminds us of the account in Numbers 20:7-11,


And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying {8} Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink. {9} And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him. {10}And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? {11} And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts [also.] {12} And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them. {13}This [is] the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them. 


The other two subjects - grounded in Love and in the Faith grounded also emphasize the Love and Faith of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who is both the essence of Love as well as Faith. And lastly - the Elect -  who are the unworthy recipients of the sacrifice of Christ at the foundation of the world, of His Love, and of His Faith. 


So how do we tie these truths to the earth? What earth is in view?


The term earth in Hebrews 1:10 is a word that is used in wide array of contexts, but allow me to repeat our verse, in which God the Father is extolling the Lord Jesus Christ, and underscoring His role as Creator, by laying the foundation of the earth, plus the heavens are the works of thine hands: 


And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth [ge:G1093]; and the heavens [ouranos:G3772] are the works of thine hands: 


Since both the earth and the heavens are in view in this verse, let’s consider how God employs them together:


Earth [ge:G1093] And Heavens [ouranos:G3772] 


Colossians 1:16 is a most important proclamation concerning Christ as Creator:  For by him were all things created, that are in heaven [ouranos:G3772], and that are in earth [ge:G1093], visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:


For example we read in verse 7 of  Revelation 14:6-7 that made heaven and earth; the same word, earth, is also used in verse 6: And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth [ge:G1093], and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, {7} Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven [ouranos:G3772], and earth, [ge:G1093] and the sea, and the fountains of waters. 


Revelation 10:6 likewise affirms: And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven [ouranos:G3772], and the things that therein are, and the earth, [ge:G1093] and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:


2 Peter 3:7, 10, and 13 speak to our present day of judgment: But the heavens [ouranos:G3772] and the earth, [ge:G1093] which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men…{10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens [ouranos:G3772] shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth [ge:G1093] also and the works that are therein shall be burned up…{13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens [ouranos:G3772] and a new earth, [ge:G1093] wherein dwelleth righteousness.


Revelation 21:1 adds this with respect to the new heaven and new earth: And I saw a new heaven [ouranos:G3772] and a new earth:[ge:G1093] for the first heaven [ouranos:G3772] and the first earth [ge:G1093] were passed away; and there was no more sea.


Hebrews 12:25-26 (among numerous Scriptures) also describe our current time and season relating it back to what took place on Mount Sinai in Exodus 19: See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth [ge:G1093], much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven [ouranos:G3772]: {26} Whose voice then shook the earth [ge:G1093]: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth [ge:G1093] only, but also heaven. [ouranos:G3772] 


Let’s now turn to the last phrase in verse 10 which is underscoring the fact that ...the heavens are the works of thine hands and consists of three Greek words that only appear again in Hebrews 2:7,


The Works [ergon:G2041] Of Thine [sou:G4675] Hands [cheir:G5495]


Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works [ergon:G2041] of thy [sou:G4675] hands: [cheir:G5495]


Quite often in the Bible we read of references that deal with the work of man’s hands in devising false gods to worship or deceptive salvation programs that are vain and useless. The two terms the works and hands also surface in these next citations:


Acts 7:41 is part of Stephen’s testimony as he recounts God’s dealings with the nation of Israel: And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works [ergon:G2041] of their own hands. [cheir:G5495]

 


Verse 20 of Revelation 9:20-21 notes that in the day of judgment the unsaved will not repent from false worship: And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works [ergon:G2041] of their hands [cheir:G5495, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: {21} Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts


Let’s now consider Psalm 102:25, which is the passage that Hebrews 1:10 is quoting and investigate the words in that verse, and then see how they compare or contrast with what we have discovered in Hebrews 1:10.


Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands.


Of Old [paniym:H6440]


The first word that we want to take look at is of old, which is used over 2000 times in the Old Testament, primarily as before, face, or presence, and over a 100 times in miscellaneous ways:


Actually this expression is found right here in Psalm 102, in verses 1-2, 10, and 28 as before, thy face, and because: 


[A Prayer of the afflicted, when he is overwhelmed, and poureth out his complaint before [H6440] the LORD.] Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come unto thee. {2} Hide not thy face [H6440] from me in the day [when] I am in trouble; incline thine ear unto me: in the day [when] I call answer me speedily. {10} Because [H6440] of thine indignation and thy wrath: for thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down. {28} The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before [H6440] thee.


A good example of this is found in connection with Cain and his dialogue with God in Genesis 4:5-6, 14 and 16, in which this word is expressed as countenance, face, and presence:


 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance [paniym:H6440] fell. {6}And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance [paniym:H6440] fallen?...{14} Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face [paniym:H6440] of the earth; and from thy face [paniym:H6440] shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, [that] every one that findeth me shall slay me… {16} And Cain went out from the presence [paniym:H6440] of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.


This is also seen in Jonah 1:2-3, and 10, as before and from the presence: 


Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before [paniym:H6440] me... {3}But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence [paniym:H6440] of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence [paniym:H6440] of the LORD… {10} Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him, Why hast thou done this? For the men knew that he fled from the presence [paniym:H6440] of the LORD, because he had told them.


1 Chronicles 4:40 renders this word as of old, just like in Psalm 102:25, 

And they found fat pasture and good, and the land [was] wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for [they] of Ham had dwelt there of old. [paniym:H6440]

The next two words in Psalm 102:25 is represented by the phrase ...hast thou laid the foundation of the earth, 


Hast Thou Laid The Foundation [yacad:H3245] Of The Earth [’erets:H776]


As I said earlier, these two terms, are found together in a number of passages:


Verse 4 of Job 38:1-7 are part of a series of questions which God demands of Job that spans a number of chapters in that book: Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, {2}Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? {3} Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me. {4} Where wast thou when I laid the foundations [yacad:H3245] of the earth? [’erets:H776] declare, if thou hast understanding. {5} Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? {6} Whereupon are the foundations [’eden:H134] thereof fastened? or who laid the corner [pinnah:H6438] stone [’eben:H68] thereof; {7} When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?


The expression, the foundations, in verse 6 of this significant passage is a different word that what we find in verse 4, but highly interesting as well. It is always rendered as sockets, except in this verse, and is very prominent in the construction of the Tabernacle. One verse in particular stands out, in which it is rendered as socket in verse 15 of Song of Solomon 5:10-16,


My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand. {11} His head [is as] the most fine gold, his locks [are] bushy, [and] black as a raven.

{12} His eyes [are] as [the eyes] of doves by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, [and] fitly set. {13}His cheeks [are] as a bed of spices, [as] sweet flowers: his lips [like] lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh. {14} His hands [are as] gold rings set with the beryl: his belly [is as] bright ivory overlaid [with] sapphires. {15} His legs [are as] pillars of marble, set upon sockets [’eden:H134]  of fine gold: his countenance [is] as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars. {16} His mouth [is] most sweet: yea, he [is] altogether lovely. This [is] my beloved, and this [is] my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem. 


This portion of Scripture presents a spiritual picture of the Lord Jesus Christ, and what is very interesting about this word, sockets (’eden:H134) is that it stems from the term, ’adown (H113), which is most commonly translated as lord/Lord or master. Moreover the two expressions, the corner and stone in Job 38:6 are also found together in a couple of key references:


Psalm 118:22 maintains: The stone  [’eben:H68] [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner. [pinnah:H6438] 


And Isaiah 28:16 likewise affirms: Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation [yacad:H3245] a stone [’eben:H68], a tried stone [’eben:H68], a precious corner [pinnah:H6438]  [stone], a sure foundation [mucad:H4143]: he that believeth shall not make haste. 


Please note that the first word rendered for a foundation (yacad:H3245) is also the term we are investigating in Psalm 102:25. Additionally there is a second word in Isaiah 28:16 that is also translated as foundation. What is exceptional about this second word is that it occurs in only one other Scripture which is highly significant found in 2 Chronicles 8:16,


Now all the work of Solomon was prepared unto the day of the foundation [mucad:H4143] of the house of the LORD, and until it was finished. [So] the house of the LORD was perfected.


Before we consider some of the other verses that contain the two terms, the foundation and the earth, I want to point out something very important about these three Hebrew words rendered sockets, Lord, and stone:   


In Hebrew they are ’eden (sockets) ’adown (Lord) and ’eben (stone). Each of these words begin with the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, or aleph. The aleph corresponds to the Greek alpha, and to our English letter a. But our English letter a has no spiritual meaning attached to it, whereas the aleph as well as the alpha have great spiritual significance attached to it. The aleph has to do with strength or power, and is also one of the words for ox, which are likewise characterized for their strength and power. We also know that the Lord Jesus is typified by a burnt bullock, and that the bullock or calf  also appear in the portrait of the four living creatures (typifying the Godhead) in Revelation 4 as well as in the four faces that typify the likeness of the glory of LORD in Ezekiel 1.


Let’s now consider some other verses in which we find the two terms, the foundation and of the earth: 


Hast Thou Laid The Foundation [yacad:H3245] Of The Earth [’erets:H776]


Here are a few more citations that include the terms foundation and earth:


Psalm 2:2 renders these words as take counsel and earth: The kings of the earth [’erets:H776] set themselves, and the rulers take counsel [yacad:H3245] together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],


Isaiah 48:13 testifies: Mine hand also hath laid the foundation [yacad:H3245] of the earth [’erets:H776], and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: [shamayim:H8064] [when] I call unto them, they stand up together.


Isaiah 51:16 further adds: And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens [shamayim:H8064], and lay the foundations [yacad:H3245] of the earth [’erets:H776], and say unto Zion, Thou [art] my people.


Lastly, Zechariah 12:1 acknowledges: The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens [shamayim:H8064], and layeth the foundation [yacad:H3245] of the earth [’erets:H776], and formeth the spirit of man within him.


In these last three references you might have noticed the inclusion of the word, heavens, which we want to address next, along with and [are] the work of thy hands, but we will have to do that in our next study, Lord willing, as we have run out of time.

 Hebrews 1 - Part 20

 July 26, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 20, and today’s date is July 26, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


We are continuing our examination of Psalm 102:25, and we have arrived at the second part of that verse: 


Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands.


And The Heavens [shamayim:H8064] Are The Work [ma`aseh:H4639] Of Thine Hands [yad:H3027]


The phrase, ...and the heavens are the work of thine hands, is composed of three Hebrew words that appear together in three other passages:


Verse 24 of Deuteronomy 3:23-28 records Moses’ question which he posed to God and the dialogue he had with the LORD prior to his death: And I besought the LORD at that time, saying, {24} O Lord GOD, thou hast begun to shew thy servant thy greatness, and thy mighty hand [yad:H3027]: for what God [is there] in heaven [shamayim:H8064] or in earth, that can do according to thy works [ma`aseh:H4639], and according to thy might? {25} I pray thee, let me go over, and see the good land that [is] beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Lebanon. {26} But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and the LORD said unto me, Let it suffice thee; speak no more unto me of this matter. {27} Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold [it] with thine eyes: for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. {28} But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.


Verse 12 of Deuteronomy 28:1-14 pertains to the blessings of obedience to God’s Word as set forth in this chapter: And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe [and] to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: {2} And all these blessings shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God. {3} Blessed [shalt] thou [be] in the city, and blessed [shalt] thou [be] in the field. {4} Blessed [shall be] the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy ground, and the fruit of thy cattle, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. {5} Blessed [shall be] thy basket and thy store. {6} Blessed [shalt] thou [be] when thou comest in, and blessed [shalt] thou [be] when thou goest out. {7} The LORD shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face: they shall come out against thee one way, and flee before thee seven ways.

{8} The LORD shall command the blessing upon thee in thy storehouses, and in all that thou settest thine hand unto; and he shall bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. {9}The LORD shall establish thee an holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, and walk in his ways. {10} And all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the LORD; and they shall be afraid of thee. {11} And the LORD shall make thee plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers to give thee. {12} The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven [shamayim:H8064] to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work [ma`aseh:H4639] of thine hand: [yad:H3027]  and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow. {13} And the LORD shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do [them]: {14} And thou shalt not go aside from any of the words which I command thee this day, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left, to go after other gods to serve them.


The third reference in which these terms emerge is in verse 1 of  Psalm 19:1-11 which speaks about the Creation of the heavens, and then transitions to the blessings of the Word of God; they are expressed as the heavens and handywork. 


[[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] The heavens [shamayim:H8064] declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. [yad:H3027] [ma`aseh:H4639] {2} Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. {3}[There is] no speech nor language, [where] their voice is not heard. {4} Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, {5} Which [is] as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, [and] rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. {6} His going forth [is] from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. {7} The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple. {8} The statutes of the LORD [are] right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD [is] pure, enlightening the eyes.

{9} The fear of the LORD [is] clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD [are] true [and] righteous altogether. {10} More to be desired [are they] than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. {11} Moreover by them is thy servant warned: [and] in keeping of them [there is] great reward. 


This brings us to Hebrews 1:11 which states: They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 


Hebrews 1:11-12 is quoting Psalm 102:26-27 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: But thou [art] the same, and thy years shall have no end.


Let’s begin with verse 11, keeping in mind that verses 10-12 (quoting Psalm 102:25-27) make us this magnificent declaration that God the Father is testifying with regard to the Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ.


They [autos:G846] Shall Perish [apollymi:G622]


The first phrase in verse 11, they shall perish, is speaking about our present earth and heavens which God created and which He is under obligation to destroy because both this world and universe are under the curse of sin. Please note that both unsaved man as well as the fallen creation have to be annihilated because the wages of sin is death as we read in Romans 6:23a,


For the wages of sin [is] death…


This is also corroborated by Romans 5:12, referring to Adam’s sin:


Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: 


2 Peter 3:7, 10, and 12-13 affirm the certainty of the destruction of the same terms - heavens and the earth - while simultaneously alluding to the spiritual destruction that the unsaved are under in our present day of judgment:


But the heavens [ouranos:G3772] and the earth [ge:G1093], which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition [apoleia:G684 - a derivative of G622] of ungodly men…{10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens [ouranos:G3772] shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth [ge:G1093] also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God wherein the heavens [ouranos:G3772] being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens [ouranos:G3772] and a new earth [ge:G1093], wherein dwelleth righteousness.


One of the contrasts that God is making in verse 10 is that the physical heavens and earth will perish...but thou remainest -  highlighting Christ’s eternal nature.


But [de:G1161] Thou [sy:G4771] Remainest [diameno:G1265]


These three Greek words only appear together is this verse, so let’s take a closer look at the expression remainest:


Remainest [diameno:G1265]


This word, remainest or diameno in Greek is a compound word that is made up of the preposition dia (G1223), signifying by or through, and the main word, meno (G1265). Incidentally meno is used in John 8:31 which is a most important Scripture:


Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue [meno:G3306] in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;


Another passage that is very pertinent to our study surfaces in Hebrews 7:24 regarding the eternal nature of God the Son, in which it is expressed as continueth:


But this [man], because he continueth [meno:G3306]  ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.


Diameno is found in four other citations, and primarily rendered as some form of either remain or continue:


Verse 22 of Luke 1 describes what happened to John the Baptist’s father as he was ministering in the Temple, in which this expression is translated as remained:  


And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned unto them, and remained [diameno:G1265] speechless.


Verse 28 of Luke 22:28-30 reveal one of the Savior’s teachings to His disciples, and renders this word as they which have continued: Ye are they which have continued [diameno:G1265] with me in my temptations. {29} And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; {30} That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.


Verse 5 of Galatians 2:1-5 expresses this again as might continue:  To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue [diameno:GG1265] with you.


2 Peter 3:4 also translates this as continue: And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue [diameno:G1265] as [they were] from the beginning of the creation.


And [kai:G2532] They All [pas:G3956] Shall Wax Old [palaioo:G3822]


The phrase, ...and they all shall wax old… is another reference to the heavens and the earth which are eventually scheduled to be destroyed as we have discussed. We find the term shall wax old in only two other places:


Luke 12:33-34 admonish: Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax [palaioo:G3822][G0] not old, [palaioo:G3822] a treasure in the heavens [ouranos:G3772] that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth. {34} For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.


Verse 13 of Hebrews 8:6-13 includes this expression twice as he hath made old and that which decayeth, in which we find yet another contrast; this time it is between national Israel and the New Testament churches and denominations - the two outward expressions of the Kingdom of God on earth:  


But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. {7} For if that first [covenant] had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. {8} For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: {9} Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.

{10} For this [is] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: {11}And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. {12} For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. {13} In that he saith, A new [covenant], he hath made [palaioo:G3822] [G0] the first old. [palaioo:G3822] Now that which decayeth [palaioo:G3822] and waxeth old [is] ready to vanish away.


Allow me to point out that in verse 10 God makes mention of another covenant, which has to do with the salvation of the remainder of the elect being brought in to the Body of Christ through the 17 year-period known as the latter rain (from 1994-2011).


As [hos:G5613] Doth A Garment [himation:G2440]


The last phrase in verse 11 includes two Greek words in the phrase, ...as doth a garment, and they appear in the following three citations:


Matthew 17:2 includes part of what took place on the Mount of Transfiguration: And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment [himation:G2440] was white as [hos:G5613] the light.


Mark 9:3 similarly states: And his raiment [himation:G2440]

 became shining, exceeding white as [hos:G5613] snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them.


Revelation 16:15 acknowledges: Behold, I come as [hos:G5613] a thief. Blessed [is] he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments [himation:G2440], lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.


Let’s now turn our attention to Psalm 102:26 which as I mentioned, is being quoted in Hebrews 1:11; I’ll read it again:


They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:


They [hem:H1992] Shall Perish [’abad:H6]


Once again the they in Psalm 102:26 denotes the heavens and the earth which will perish according to God’s timetable for them. Here are some examples of how God employs this term:


One of the greatest illustration of people becoming saved in the Old Testament is the account of Jonah’s declaration of God’s judgment to the inhabitants of Nineveh, in which we learn of the king of Nineveh’s penetrating question in verse 9 of Jonah 3:5-10; in verse 9 this word is expressed as that we perish:


So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them. {6} For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. {7}  And he caused [it] to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: {8} But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that [is] in their hands. {9} Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish [H6] not? {10} And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did [it] not. 


One of the most insightful chapters having to do with time (and judgment) since it lays out the two main times and seasons in the Bible, namely, the day of salvation and the day of judgment that we now find ourselves in, is found in Ecclesiastes 3:6, which states: 


A time to get [baqash:H1245], and a time to lose; [’abad:H6] a time to keep, and a time to cast away;


The word, to lose is our word perish, and rarely is it translated this way. So this verse should read: A time to seek, and a time to perish...  


Ecclesiastes 3:6 also complements many other verses that reiterate this same theme such as Isaiah 55:6, in spite of using different Hebrew words:


Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:


Ezekiel 34:4 and 16 render this term perish as lost in this chapter that deals with God’s judgment beginning at His own house first, and is a scathing denunciation of the clergy in both Israel as well as in the New Testaments churches who abdicated their solemn duty - as a divine institution - to be faithful to the Word of God, and as a result, suffered the consequences for doing so: 


The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up [that which was] broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost;[’abad:H6] but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them…{16} I will seek that which was lost, [’abad:H6] and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.


Please note that the word, I will seek is the same word that we saw in Ecclesiastes 3:6, where it was incorrectly rendered as ...a time to get


Jeremiah 23 is a very similar chapter to Ezekiel 34, and we read in verse 1 this indictment, in which the expression perish is rendered that destroy:   Woe be unto the pastors that destroy [’abad:H6] and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD.


Likewise Jeremiah 25:10 offers further details pertaining to what God’s judgment on His own house entails, in which this expression perish is translated as Moreover I will take:  Moreover I WILL TAKE [’abad:H6] FROM THEM [CAPS ARE MINE] the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.


The removal of these various elements that have to do with salvation is striking to say the least: 


  • The voice of the Word of God (used 4 times pointing to universality) - mirth/gladness/Bridegroom (Christ)/ Bride (the elect)
  • The sound of the millstones indicating grinding out grain having to do with the Bread of Life.
  • The light of the candle - indicating Christ is the Light of the world and salvation.


ALL THESE ARE REMOVED - TAKEN AWAY - NO LONGER APPLICABLE - AND NOTE WHO IS TAKING THEM AWAY.


Well on that solemn note, we will have to conclude our study today. Lord willing, in our next study we will continue our examination of Psalm 102:26 and 27. 

 Hebrews 1 - Part 21

 August 2, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 21, and today’s date is August 2, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


At the close of last week’s study we began looking at Psalm 102:26, and the phrase They shall perish, referring to the earth and the heavens, which is being quoted in Hebrews 1:11,


They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:


So today we want to consider the rest of verse 26, beginning with the phrase, but thou shalt endure, which again is pointing to the eternal nature of God the Son. 


Shalt Endure [`amad:H5975]

This term is primarily translated as some form of the word stand, and to a lesser degree in other ways as well which the subsequent verses will illustrate. When I recognized this I was reminded of Stephen’s statement that he revealed to the council in Acts 7:55-56,


But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, {56} And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.


In verse 55 God is equating the glory of God which Stephen saw, with Jesus standing on the right hand of God. And in verse 56 Stephen tells the members of the council that he saw the heavens opened and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. The opening of the heavens reveals the Son of man, Who is the  Lord Jesus Christ, and is so identified with the human race through His divine incarnation, but also because man was originally created in the image of God, unlike any other of God’s creations that He fashioned from time immemorial as we read in Genesis 1:27, in which the expression God that is repeated is the plural form of God, namely Elohiym:


So God [Elohiym:H430] created man in his [own] image, in the image of God [Elohiym:H430]  created he him; male and female created he them.


Reflecting upon Stephen’s affirmation in Acts 7:55-56, which took place just prior to His stoning in broad daylight, a couple of other Scriptures came to mind:


This first one is the question posed in Psalm 73:25, in which we note the usage of heaven and earth again: Whom have I in heaven [but thee]? and [there is] none upon earth [that] I desire beside thee.


The second is the Father’s declaration in verse 11 of Mark 1:9-11 when the Lord was baptized with water by John the Baptist which hearkens back to His baptism by fire, if you will, at the foundation of the world; please note that all three Persons of the Trinity are present at His baptism: 


And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized [baptizo:G907] of John in Jordan. {10} And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: {11} And there came a voice from heaven, [saying], Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.  


The nature of Christ’s baptism is further explained in verse 22 of Matthew 20:20-24, albeit within the historical context of the mother of Zebedee’s children (the father of James and John) who asked the Lord if her two sons could sit on His right and left hands, which did not sit well with the other 10 apostles; that also introduces another truth that the Lord addresses regarding the role of those who lead to be as servants, even as Christ Himself declares concerning Himself in verse 28: Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. 


Matthew 20:20-24 records: Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping [him], and desiring a certain thing of him. {21} And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom. {22} But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized [baptizo:G907] with the baptism [baptisma:H908 - which stems from baptizo] that I am baptized [baptizo:G907] with? They say unto him, We are able. {23} And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but [it shall be given to them] for whom it is prepared of my Father. {24} And when the ten heard [it], they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.


In verse 22 we find three words that are all related; two of them are the Greek verb, rendered baptized, and the noun baptism stems from this verb form. Notice how the Lord Jesus is linking the phrase drink of the cup [of God’s wrath] with being baptized with the baptism that He is baptized with as He directs this crucial question to James and John, both of whom answer the Master in the affirmative. The Lord then goes on to maintain that they indeed would be able to perform these two actions. The only reason why they would be able to do so is based on the fact that Christ did so on their behalf at the foundation of the world, when He atoned for their sins, as well as the sins of every child of God that was named in the Lamb’s Book of Life.


We have correctly understood that when Christ speaks of  my cup in Matthew 20:23 it is the identical word - poterion (G4221) -  that is found in verses 39 and 42 of  Matthew 26:39-44, and it has to do with the cup of God’s wrath: 


And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup [poterion:G4221] pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou [wilt]. {40} And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? {41} Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak. {42} He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup [poterion:G4221] may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done. {43} And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. {44} And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.


In fact the same word for cup and two different terms for wrath or indignation are employed in Revelation 14:10 and 16:19 respectively:


The former states: The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath [thumos:G2372] of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation [orge:G3709]; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:


The latter also concludes: And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. [orge:G3709]


Another reference that deals with our present day of judgment is found in Luke 12:42-53, which I will read for the sake of the context. Please note the emphasis on baptism that is being made in verse 50 which is very significant, and points to the demonstration of the Cross, which in turn, is a reflection of what happened at the foundation of the world, when the Lamb was slain on behalf of His elect people, according to Revelation 13:8.


Luke 12:42-53 proclaims: And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over his household, to give [them their] portion of meat in due season? {43} Blessed [is] that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. {44} Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath. {45} But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken; {46} The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers. {47} And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. {49} I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled? {50} But I have a baptism [baptisma:H908] to be baptized with; [baptizo:G907] and how am I straitened till it be accomplished! {51} Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division: {52} For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three. {53} The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.


Well, I did not intend for this to be a discussion on baptism, but be that as it may, let’s go back to our word, shalt endure or stand and take a closer look at how God utilizes this expression in the Bible:


Shalt Endure [`amad:H5975]


Daniel 12:1 is a noteworthy statement in which Michael (i.e., Christ) is standing (and interceding) for His elect people, in which this term is used twice: And at that time shall Michael stand up, [`amad:H5975] the great prince which standeth [`amad:H5975] for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation [even] to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.


Verse 4  Micah 5:1-4 contains this word speaking of the Lord Jesus: Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek. {2} But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old [qedem:H6924], from everlasting. [`owlam:H5769] {3} Therefore will he give them up, until the time [that] she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel. {4} And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth. {4} And he shall stand [`amad:H5975] and feed in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.


Please note the two Hebrew expressions in verse 2: [have been] from of old along with from everlasting. The first one is generally rendered as east or eastward (which is associated with the direction of the sun rising and the Kingdom of God) and also old. As a matter of fact it is rendered eternal once in Deuteronomy 33:27, referring to the plural form of God or Elohiym:


The eternal [qedem:H6924] God [Elohiym:H430] [is thy] refuge, and underneath [are] the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy [them]. 


The second term in Micah 5:2 is made up of two Hebrew words, yowm (H3117), or day, and `owlam (H5769), which is predominantly rendered as ever or everlasting. So both of these words are similar to our word in Psalm 102:26 shalt endure, as they denote that which is everlasting or eternal, and hence that which shall endure from eternity past all the way to eternity future, which are concepts that we believe of course, but which we cannot comprehend with our limited mental capacity, so we are simply awestruck by these ideas and we assent to what we discover in Isaiah 55:8-9.


For my thoughts [are] not your thoughts, neither [are] your ways my ways, saith the LORD. {9}For [as] the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts. 


 Shalt Endure [`amad:H5975] Cont.






Exodus 26:15 is an interesting verse in which this expression, standing up is referring to the boards of the Tabernacle: And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle [of] shittim wood standing up. [`amad:H5975]


Leviticus 16:7 translates this word as and present, with respect to the LORD’s goat and the scapegoat: And he shall take the two goats, and present [`amad:H5975] them before the LORD [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.


Verse 21 and 24 of Ezekiel 1:19-24 include this word as well in this detailed description of the likeness of the glory of the LORD:  And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up. {20} Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither [was their] spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels. {21} When those went, [these] went; and when those stood, [`amad:H5975] [these] stood; [`amad:H5975] and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels. {22} And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature [was] as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above. {23}And under the firmament [were] their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies. {24} And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, [`amad:H5975] they let down their wings.


Isaiah 66:22 expresses this term as remain twice: For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain [`amad:H5975] before me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain. [`amad:H5975]


Isaiah 3:13 affirms: The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth [`amad: H5975] to judge the people.


Along these same lines 2 Chronicles 3:13 offer this view of the cherubim, who portray God as Judge: The wings of these cherubims spread themselves forth twenty cubits: and they stood [`amad: H5975] on their feet, and their faces [were] inward.


1 Chronicles 21:15-16 adopts this same word in the historical parable in which God brings judgment against His own corporate people, and 70,000 die as a result: And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood [`amad: H5975] by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. {16} And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand [`amad: H5975] between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders [of Israel, who were] clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.


As I have mentioned numerous times before, this account is abundantly rich with spiritual connections.  The threshing floor is where the wheat was separated from the chaff (even as God performed this separation during the Great Tribulation in the churches through the command for God’s elect to leave that formerly divine institution). Moreover God commanded David to build an altar in the threshing floor which is where the plague was stopped. The plague signifies God judgment for sin, or The wages of sin is death... as we read in Romans 6:23a. Additionally, David (a great type of Christ) bought the threshing floor from its owner, Ornan the Jebusite (who was willing to offer it to the King for free) in order to build an altar there and to offer sacrifices as God had instructed him to do so through the prophet Gad. The precise location of the altar (and remember spiritually Christ is the altar) was also the place where the foundation of Solomon’s Temple was laid (pointing back to Christ as the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world) and if we were to fast forward back in time, it was the very spot where Abraham was told by God to offer his only begotten son on one of the mountains of Mount Moriah. But, if one were to fast forward in time to 33 AD, this same location is the place where Christ hung on the Cross, Golgotha (or the place of the skull), outside the city gates of Jerusalem.  


Of Them Shall Wax Old [balah:H1086] Like A Garment [beged:H899]


The next two expressions that we encounter in Psalm 102:26 which is the focus of our study today is: of them shall wax old and like a garment, which only surface together again in the following references, and have to do with the ultimate obliteration of our earth and universe. 

Verse 28 of Job 13:23-28 translates these terms as consumeth and as a garment, and spiritually depicts the Lord Jesus under the wrath of God ...at the foundation of the world:  


How many [are] mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin. {24} Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy? {25} Wilt thou break a leaf driven to and fro? and wilt thou pursue the dry stubble? {26} For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth. {27} Thou puttest my feet also in the stocks, and lookest narrowly unto all my paths; thou settest a print upon the heels of my feet.{28} And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth [balah:H1086], as a garment [beged:H899] that is moth eaten.


Verse 9 of Isaiah 50:4-9 translates these terms again as shall wax old and as a garment in this portion of Scripture that highlights the suffering of the Messiah in the demonstration in 33 AD (alluding to His death and annihilation at the foundation of the world), but at the same time also announces the annihilation of all the non-elect: The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to [him that is] weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned. {5}The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. {6} I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. {7} For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed. {8} [He is] near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who [is] mine adversary? let him come near to me.  {9}Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who [is] he [that] shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old [balah:H1086] as a garment [beged:H899]; the moth shall eat them up.


Lastly Isaiah 51:6 is quite an encompassing verse in its scope and explains in no uncertain terms what is the fate of our present world and universe, along with all of its unsaved inhabitants, in which these same expressions are employed:  Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old [balah:H1086] like a garment [beged:H899], and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.


On that wonderful note for the elect, we will have to conclude today’s study. Please stay tuned for our Hymn Sing next.

Hebrews 1 - Part 22

August 9, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 22, and today’s date is August 9, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


Over the course of the last few Sundays we have been examining Psalm 102:26 which is being quoted in Hebrews 1:11 and 12, and we have arrived at the latter part of 26:


They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:


This phrase, ... as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: is composed of two Hebrew words - one for vesture, and the other for change, which is repeated. These two terms only appear together in this verse, so we will have to look at each of them individually. We also want to bear in mind that the spiritual picture that is being presented in this verse is revealing that the earth and the universe are going to perish, and God uses the simile of a garment that is moth eaten as we noted in our study last Sunday. The other simile is that of a change of clothing or change of vesture that we will be examining shortly, as God will ultimately destroy this cursed universe and re-create a New Heaven and a New Earth. 


As A Vesture [lebuwsh:H3830]


One of the places in which this expression is found is in regards to the blessing of Judah (as well as the other sons) by Jacob in verse 11 of Genesis 49:8-12, in which this is rendered his garments: 


Judah, thou [art he] whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand [shall be] in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee.

{9} Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? {10} The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be]. {11} Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments [lebuwsh:H3830] in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: {12} His eyes [shall be] red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.


Immediately what comes to mind is the Lord Jesus Christ Who is indeed the Lion of the tribe of Judah as we read in Revelation 5:5, 


And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.  


Genesis 49:8-12 is loaded with prophetic references to the Savior. Notice for example the usage of the past tense with regard to ...he washed [past tense] his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:... which would also correlate with what we find in Revelation 5:6, 


And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.


Verses 1-2 of Isaiah 63:1-5 translate this word as apparel: Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, [lebuwsh:H3830] travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. {2} Wherefore [art thou] red in thine apparel, [lebuwsh:H3830] and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? {3} I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. {4} For the day of vengeance [is] in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. {5} And I looked, and [there was] none to help; and I wondered that [there was] none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.


Once again I want to point out that the past tense in the verb I have trodden in verse 3 which points to the Atonement ...at the foundation of the world.


The subsequent passages further reveal some of the ways that God employs this term vesture:


In Psalm 22:18 which is a Messianic psalm it is expressed as my vesture: They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. [lebuwsh:H3830]


By contrast in Psalm 45:13 the Bride of Christ - or the king’s daughter -  who has been clothed with the righteousness of Christ is in view: The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [lebuwsh:H3830] [is] of wrought gold.


Proverbs 31 speaks of the virtuous woman, and is another representation of the elect; this word surfaces in verses 22 and 25 as clothing: She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing [lebuwsh:H3830] [is] silk and purple… {25}Strength and honour [are] her clothing; [lebuwsh:H3830] and she shall rejoice in time to come.


Shalt Thou Change [chalaph:H2498] / Them And They Shall Be Changed [chalaph:H2498] 


We now want to consider the side-by-side identical terms in Psalm 102:26,  ...shalt thou change... and ...them and they shall be changed. This expression is only found 27 other times in the Old Testament, and is rendered in a variety of different ways, but primarily as change, as the following citations illustrate:


We discover this word in connection with Genesis 35:2, Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that [were] with him, Put away the strange gods that [are] among you, and be clean, and change [chalaph:H2498] your garments:


Curiously, Judges 5:26 translates this as and stricken through, in which Jael (typifying the elect) kills Sisera (representing Satan) by driving a stake through his temples, and then cutting off his head: She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera, she smote off his head, when she had pierced and stricken through [chalaph:H2498] his temples.


On the other hand in 2 Samuel 12:20 we learn what David did when he learned that the baby that he was beseeching God for died: Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed [himself], and changed [chalaph:H2498] his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.


By contrast, Isaiah 24:5 renders this as changed with respect to unsaved man’s sinfulness in our current day of judgment, as all the unsaved inhabitants of the earth are under His divine wrath: The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed [chalaph:H2498] the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.


Isaiah 40:31 is a beautiful promise for each of God’s saints, in which this word is expressed as shall renew: But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew [chalaph:H2498] [their] strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; [and] they shall walk, and not faint.


I think it is also critically important to understand that very often God’s strength is only found in the crucible of our own weakness as Paul testifies under divine inspiration, and fleshed out in his own experience in 2 Corinthians 12:9-10,


And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. {10} Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.


When was the last time you and I prayed for... infirmities...reproaches...necessities...persecutions...distresses? Why not? Well, to be perfectly frank, we don’t particularly relish pain, and yet our weakness is the very means by which God’s strength is manifested in our lives, so we can indeed achieve a state of continual contentment, as Philippains 4:11-13 acknowledges: 


Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, [therewith] to be content. {12} I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need. {13} I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.


Let’s now proceed to Hebrews 1:12 which states:


Verse 12: And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. 


Vesture [peribolaion:G4018] [peri-balian]


This Greek word for vesture is only found in one other citation which is 1 Corinthians 11:15, in which it appears as a covering:


But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for [her] hair is given her for a covering. [peribolaion:G4018]


In a situation like this where a word is only used one other time it is helpful to examine the root word for more clues as to its significance. The root word for peribolian [peri-balian] is the verb periballo (G4016), which is predominantly expressed as clothe or clothe with, or clothe in, as the subsequent references show:


Clothed [periballo:G4016]


It appears three times for instance in  Matthew 25:36, 38 and 43 as clothed in this parable concerning the sheep (exemplifying the elect) and the goats (who represent the non-elect): Naked, and ye clothed [periballo:G4016] me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me…{38} When saw we thee a stranger, and took [thee] in? or naked, and clothed [periballo:G4016] [thee]?... {43} I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed [periballo:G4016] me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.


However in Luke 12:27 it is translated as was arrayed: Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was [periballo:G4016][G0] not arrayed [periballo:G4016] like one of these.


Revelation 7:9 and 13 include these as clothed and are arrayed:  After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed [periballo:G4016] with white robes, and palms in their hands;... {13} And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed [periballo:G4016]  in white robes? and whence came they?


Let’s consider two other passages in Revelation 19:8 and 13, which refer in the first place to the elect who are clothed with fine linen clean and white, which God defines in this verse as the righteousness of Christ that was given to the elect:  And to her was granted that she should be arrayed [periballo:G4016] in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints...And he [was] clothed [periballo:G4016] with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. 


So we recognize that this vesture had to do with being clothed, even though it is speaking about the earth and heavens being clothed. It’s also very interesting that God makes this connection - as far as the heavens are concerned - in Isaiah 50:3,


I clothe [labash:H3847] the heavens [shamayim:H8064] with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering. 


The reason this is so significant in terms of today’s study is because the word I clothe is labash (H3847) which is the root word for lebuwsh (H3830), or as a vesture, which was the first word that we investigated today in Psalm 102:26; these terms are practically identical in spelling.


Shalt Thou Fold Up [helissso:G1667]


The next expression in Hebrews 1:12 is: thou shalt fold up or helisso (G1667) which if you recollect, did not appear in Psalm 102:26. This is one of the reasons why these “word bridges” between the Hebrew and Greek texts can be so helpful as one can compare and contrast various truths that God is not only revealing but emphasizing as well. As a matter of fact this word only surfaces in Hebrews 1:12; moreover, its root word, heilisso (G1507) is only found in one citation which is quite significant in verse 14 of Revelation 6:12-17 and is rendered as when it is rolled together, underscoring our present day of judgment:


And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; {13} And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. {14} And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together [heilisso:G1507]; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. {15} And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; {16} And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: {17} For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?


They Shall Be Changed [allasso:G236]


This expression appears in the subsequent five Scriptures:


Verse 14 of Acts 6:9-14 render this word as shall change, as false witnesses sought to misrepresent what Stephen was preaching, when they realized they could not withstand the wisdom that God had given him, under divine inspiration:  Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called [the synagogue] of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen. {10} And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake. {11} Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and [against] God. {12} And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon [him], and caught him, and brought [him] to the council, {13} And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law: {14} For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change [allasso:G236] the customs which Moses delivered us.


Romans 1:23 records man’s sinful practice of foolishly worshipping the creature (creation) instead of the Creator: And changed [allasso:G236] the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.


1 Corinthians 15:51-52 on the other hand depicts the glorious transformation of  the elect’s bodies on the very last day of our current day of judgment: Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall [allasso:G236][G0] all be changed, [allasso:G236] {52} In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at in the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. [allasso:G236]


Galatians 4:20 renders this term as to change, and in so doing God used Paul to develop an argument that explains the difference between the law and grace as represented by two woman - Sarah and Hagar - and their respective children (Isaac and Ishmael)  which typify two covenants (or gospels):  I desire to be present with you now, and to change [G236] my voice; for I stand in doubt of you. {21} Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? {22} For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. {23} But he [who was] of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman [was] by promise. {24} Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.

{25} For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. {26} But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. {27} For it is written, Rejoice, [thou] barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. {28} Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. {29} But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him [that was born] after the Spirit, even so [it is] now. {30} Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. {31} So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.


But [de:G1161] Thou [su:G4771] Art [ei:H1488] The Same [autos:G846]


The next statement that we find in Hebrews 1:12 is the phrase ...but thou art the same, which is depicting the Lord’s eternal nature as opposed to the temporary heavens and earth that are scheduled for destruction. These four words that make up this affirmation also surface in 24 other Scriptures, and we will look at a few of them:

Verse 29 of Mark 8:27-29 includes these terms in this passage in which the Lord Jesus asks His disciples who people think He is: And Jesus went out, and his disciples, into the towns of Caesarea Philippi: and by the way he asked his disciples, saying unto them, Whom do men say that I am? {28} And they answered, John the Baptist: but some [say], Elias; and others, One of the prophets. {29} And he saith unto them, But [de:G1161] whom say ye that I am? And Peter answereth and saith unto him [autos:G846], Thou [su:G4771] art [ei:H1488] the Christ.


Likewise in verse 61 of Mark 14:61-62, the high priest questions the Lord of His identity: And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee? {61} But [de:G1161]  he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him [autos:G846], Art [ei:H1488] thou [su:G4771] the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? {62} And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 


Then in verse 41 of  Luke 4:40-41 the devils assert that they know Who He is: Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them. {41} And de:G1161] devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou [su:G4771] art [ei:H1488] Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking [them] suffered them [autos:G846] not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.


I think we will stop here today. Lord willing, in our next study we will consider the last few words in Hebrew 1:12 which are: ...and thy years shall not fail.  Then we will move on to Psalm 102:27, which is being quoted in Hebrews 1:13 and states:


But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?


Please stay tuned for our remaining hymns.

Hebrews 1 - Part 23

August 23, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 23, and today’s date is August 23, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


In our last study we left off at the phrase in verse 12, ...and thy years shall not fail, which is what I would like to start with before moving on to Psalm 102:27, which is being quoted in Hebrews 1:12. We also want to bear in mind that the inevitable destruction of the heavens and the earth are being contrasted with the eternal nature of God the Son which is why these words are proclaimed:  ...and thy years shall not fail.


Thy Years [etos:G2094]


The Greek expression thy years is found about 50 times in the New Testament, and is used to pinpoint varying lengths of time according to each individual context as these next passages illustrate:

We can recall the woman that had an issue of blood for 12 years as Matthew 9:20 records, and the number 12 we have learned points to “the fulness” of whatever is in view: And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, [etos:G2094] came behind [him], and touched the hem of his garment:


In Luke 2:41 we also learn what Joseph and Mary did each year: Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year [etos:G2094] at the feast of the passover.


And what about the spiritual deliverance of the woman in Luke 13:16, who was translated from the kingdom of Satan to the Kingdom of God: And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, [etos:G2094] be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?


John 2:20 explains that the Temple was 46 (or 2 X 23 - pointing to God’s judgment) years in building: Then said the Jews, Forty and six years [etos:G2094] was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?


John 8:57-58 contains one of the greatest declarations of Christ’s divinity and parallels what Hebrews 1:12 affirms: Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, [etos:G2094] and hast thou seen Abraham? {58} Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I [ego:G1473] am. [eimi:G1510]


Revelation 20:6-7 points to the spiritual number 1000, which like 10 or 100 indicates the “completeness” of whatever is in view, which in verse 6 points to eternal life; however in verse 7 it is limited to the 1955 years of the era of the church age: Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years. [etos:G2094] {7} And when the thousand years [etos:G2094] are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,


Shall [ekleipo:G1587] Not [ou:G3756] Fail [ekleipo:G1587] 


The two Greek terms, shall fail and not only emerge together in this verse, however the word shall fail appears in the following two citations in the book of Luke:


Luke 16:9 translates it as ye fail in the parable of the unjust steward:  And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, [ekleipo:G1587] they may receive you into everlasting habitations.


Luke 22:32 is the Lord’s declaration to Peter: But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail [ekleipo:G1587] not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.


The term shall fail is a compound Greek word made up of the preposition, ek- (G1537) and commonly rendered of, from, or out of, and the main word, leipo (G3007), which is translated as  lack or want, as we find for instance in James 1:4-5 and 2:15 respectively in which it is rendered as wanting, lack, and destitute:  


But let patience have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting [leipo:G3007] nothing. {5} If any of you lack [leipo:G3007] wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. … {2:15} If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute [leipo:G3007] of daily food,


So when Hebrews 1:12 states that ...thy years shall not fail we can understand this to mean that the Lord Jesus Christ - the great I AM - Jehovah of the Old Testament and Savior - has always existed from eternity past and will continue in perpetuity to eternity future because He is indeed the glorious Alpha and Omega or the Aleph and the Tav (in Hebrew) - the Beginning and the End. 


Now we want to turn our attention to Psalm 102:27, which as I mentioned is being quoted in Hebrews 1:12,


But thou [art] the same, and thy years shall have no end.


But Thou [’attah:H859]


The Hebrew expression, But thou, is referring of course to the Lord Jesus Christ, and is a pronoun (2nd person, singular, masculine) that is found 11 times in the KJV, as either ye, you, or thou.  Here are some examples:


In Genesis 3:14 it is referring to Satan, as God pronounces His curse upon Him: And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou [’attah:H859] hast done this, thou [art] cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:


Similarly, in Genesis 3:19 mankind is in view: In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [’attah:H859] [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.


However in Genesis 6:18 the focus is on Noah: But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, [’attah:H859] and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee.


Then in Genesis 24:60 the emphasis is on Rebekah, who like Sarah, typifies the Kingdom of God: And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her, Thou [’attah:H859] [art] our sister, be thou [the mother] of thousands of millions, and let thy seed possess the gate of those which hate them.


Lastly Ezekiel 34:17 and 31 render this term as And [as for] you and ye; by the way verse 31 is a good illustration of a “definition verse” that one runs across from time to time throughout the Bible:  And [as for] you, [’attah:H859] O my flock, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats. … {31} And ye [’attah:H859] my flock, the flock of my pasture, [are] men, [and] I [am] your God, saith the Lord GOD.


[Art] The Same [huw’:H1931]


The expression, [art] the same in the phrase But thou art the same in Psalm 102:27 is another pronoun (third person singular) which is English would be “he,” “she,” or “it;” it serves to emphasize Self, Who again in this case is the Savior. The subsequent references also render this word as same:


Genesis 14:8 records, And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same [huw’:H1931] [is] Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;


Genesis 15:18 declares: In the same [huw’:H1931] day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:


And Genesis 19:37 states: And the firstborn bore a son, and called his name Moab: the same [huw’:H1931] [is] the father of the Moabites unto this day.


The last phrase that we want to consider in Psalm 102:27 is: ...and thy years shall have no end.


And Thy Years [shaneh:H8141] Shall Have No [lo’:H3808] End [tamam:H8552]


This is another re-statement of the first part of this verse, Thou [art] the same indicating Christ’s immortality as opposed to our present sin-cursed earth and universe that are scheduled to be destroyed. 


And Thy Years [shaneh:H8141] & End [tamam:H8552]


The two terms, and thy years along with end emerge in seven other Scriptures, two of which are Genesis 47:18 and Joshua 5:6 respectively:


Verse 18 of Genesis 47:15-20 recounts the plight of the Egyptians during the first Great Tribulation of Joseph’s day, in which these two words are translated as year along with was ended and is spent: And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth. {16}And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail. {17} And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread [in exchange] for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year. {18} When that year [shaneh:H8141] was ended [tamam:H8552], they came unto him the second year [shaneh:H8141], and said unto him, We will not hide [it] from my lord, how that our money is spent [tamam:H8552]; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: {19} Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give [us] seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate. {20} And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh's.


Joshua 5:6 chronicles the fate of those who died in the wilderness, in which these  terms are rendered as years and were consumed: For the children of Israel walked forty years [shaneh:H8141]  in the wilderness, till all the people [that were] men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed [tamam:H8552], because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware that he would not shew them the land, which the LORD sware unto their fathers that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey.


Shall Have No [lo’:H3808] End [tamam:H8552]


The two words, shall have no and end only surface together in Numbers 14:35 which is similar in scope to Joshua 5:6, and these two terms are translated I will surely and they shall be consumed:


And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, {27} How long [shall I bear with] this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. {28} Say unto them, [As truly as] I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: {29} Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, {30} Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, [concerning] which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. {31} But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. {32} But [as for] you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. {33}And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness. {34} After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, [even] forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, [even] forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. {35} I the LORD have said, I will surely [(’im:H518) (lo’:H3808)] do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed [tamam:H8552], and there they shall die. 


Let’s proceed on to Hebrews 1:13, which is a quotation taken from Psalm 110:1,


Verse 13: But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?


The first part of verse 13 is practically identical to Hebrews 1:5, which also poses the question,


For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?


Since we have already considered the first half of verse 13 when we were discussing verse 5, I would like for us to examine the second half of the verse, which is taking place in our current day of judgment:


Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?


Sit [kathemai:G2521 On [ek:G1537] My [mou:G3450] Right Hand [dexiosG1188]


When did Christ sit on the right hand of the Father? You might recall that we ran across this issue when we were investigating Hebrews 1:3,


Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;


When were the sins of God’s elect purged? At the foundation of the world, even as we read in Colossians 1:15-19, which is a tremendous affirmation of Christ as Creator, Sustainer, and Savior:


Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: {16} For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: {17} And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. {18} And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence. {19} For it pleased [the Father] that in him should all fulness dwell; 


One other passage involving the right hand is very significant and found in verses 1 and 5 of Revelation 5:1-9; here we also note the key doctrines involving  the Lamb slain at the foundation of the world as well as the unsealing of the Book (which is the Bible): 


And I saw in the right hand [dexios:G1188]  of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. {2} And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? {3} And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. {4} And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon. {5} And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. {6} And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. {7} And he came and took the book out of the right hand [dexios:G1188] of him that sat upon the throne. {8} And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. {9} And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;


Let’s think about this for a minute. Whose right hand is holding the Book? It is the Father’s. And Who takes the Book out of the Father’s right hand? It is God the Son. But wait a minute, we read earlier in Hebrews 1:3b, .


...when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;


So both the Book as well as the Lamb slain are identified with the right hand OF GOD, because the Lord Jesus Christ is indisputably THE WORD OF GOD. 


Furthermore the four Greek words that make up the phrase, sit [kathemai:G2521 on [ek:G1537] my [mou:G3450] right hand [dexiosG1188] are only found  together again in four other citations that specifically deal with this matter of sitting on the right hand, and all of them have in view King David (who magnificently parallels the Messiah in so many different ways:


  • David was born into a humble family. (1 Samuel 18:23)
  • He was a shepherd. (1 Samuel 16:11)
  • He was a tremendous warrior. (2 Samuel 17:8a)
  • He was a gifted musician. (1 Samuel 16:17-18)
  • He was a King. (1 Chronicles 11:3)
  • His love for God was exemplary. (Psalm 18:1)


Here are those four passages:


Matthew 22:42-44 records: Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The Son] of David. {43} He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, {44} The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou [kathemai:G2521 on [ek:G1537] my [mou:G3450] right hand [dexiosG1188] , till I make thine enemies thy footstool?


Likewise Mark 12:36 declares:  For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou [kathemai:G2521 on [ek:G1537] my [mou:G3450] right hand [dexiosG1188], till I make thine enemies thy footstool.


Luke 20:42 also adds: And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou [kathemai:G2521] on [ek:G1537] my [mou:G3450] right hand [dexiosG1188],


Lastly, Acts 2:34 affirms: For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou [kathemai:G2521 on [ek:G1537] my [mou:G3450] right hand [dexiosG1188],


Let’s stop here. Lord willing, in our next study we will finish up with verses 13 and 14. Please stay tuned for our closing hymns next.

Hebrews 1 - Part 24

 August 30, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 24, and today’s date is August 30, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


In our previous study we left off at the latter part of verse 13, and the phrase, ...until I make thine enemies thy footstool?  As I mentioned last time verse 13 is quoting Psalm 110:1.


Until [(an:G032) heos:G2193)] I Make [tithemi:G5087]


The two terms that constitute the phrase, ...until I make… are only found together in the following four citations, which also quote Psalm 110:1, 


 Matthew 22:44 proclaims: The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till [(an:G032) heos:G2193)]  I make [tithemi:G5087]

 thine enemies thy footstool?

Likewise, Mark 12:36 reveals: For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till [(an:G032) heos:G2193)] I make [tithemi:G5087] thine enemies thy footstool.


And Luke 20:43 adds: Till [(an:G032) heos:G2193)] I make [tithemi:G5087] thine enemies thy footstool.


Lastly Acts 2:35 records: Until [(an:G032) heos:G2193)]  I make [tithemi:G5087] thy foes thy footstool.


Thine [sou:G4675] Enemies Thy [sou:G4675] Footstool [hupopodion:G5286] 


The last four words in verse 13 are found in the same verses I just quoted with the exception of verse 13 of Hebrews 10:12-14 in which the third person is adopted and the term his is included: 


But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; {13} From henceforth expecting till [heos:G2193] his [autos:G846] enemies [eckthros:G2190] be made [tithemi:G5087] his [autos:G846]  footstool. [hupopodion:G5286] {14} For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.


This passage of course takes us back to the resurrection at... the foundation of the world, when the Savior arose and...sat down on the right hand of God... Furthermore it substantiates what we have already understood, namely that the one offering for sin could only have occurred at ...the foundation of the world. Additionally there is a span of time that goes from the foundation to our present day of judgment, in which the enemies of the Kingdom of God have been put under the feet of the Lord Jesus Christ, Who is presently ruling this world with a rod of iron. (Revelation 19:15) Let’s take a closer look at the expressions enemies (or foes) and footstool respectively as God employs them elsewhere in the New Testament:


Enemies [eckthros:G2190] 


This word is primarily translated as enemy/enemies, and in two instances as foes:


Verse 36 of Matthew 10:34-37 lays down a principle that has existed in both the day of salvation as well as now in the day of judgment: Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. {35} For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. {36} And a man's foes [eckthros:G2190] [shall be] they of his own household. {37} He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.


Verse 19 of Luke 10:17-20 translates this word as enemy: And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name. {18} And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. {19} Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: [eckthros:G2190]  and nothing shall by any means hurt you. {20} Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven. 


Luke 19:27 uncovers the the spiritual condition and subsequent fate of those that hide their talent in the earth (as it were) in the parable of the talents: But those mine enemies, [eckthros:G2190] which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay [them] before me.


1 Corinthians 15:24-26 announces: Then [cometh] the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.{25}For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies [eckthros:G2190] under his feet. {26} The last enemy [eckthros:G2190] [that] shall be destroyed [is] death.


Verse 18 of Philippians 3:17-21 is an exhortation that contrasts God’s elect with the non-elect:  Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.{18} (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies [eckthros:G2190] of the cross of Christ: {19} Whose end [is] destruction, whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.) {20} For our conversation [or lifestyle] is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ: {21} Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. 


Let’s consider one last passage before we move on to the expression, footstool.


Verse 4 of James 4:1-5 reiterates this same theme: From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? {2} Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. {3} Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume [it] upon your lusts.{4} Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity [eckthra:G2189] with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy [eckthros:G2190] of God. {5} Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? 


Footstool [hupopodion:G5286]


Footstool is both a compound word in English as well as in Greek. It is made up of the preposition -hupo (G5259) which is predominantly rendered as of, by, or under; the main word is pous (G4228) or foot. In fact, this is how Hebrews 1:13 appears in Jay P. Green’s Literal Translation of the Bible (LITV), because in the Greek you have the two words, [hupopodion:G5286] and [pous:G4228] side-by-side, signifying “...footstool of the feet of You...”  


But to which of the angels did He ever say, “Sit at My right [hand] until I place your enemies [as] a footstool of Your feet”?


Footstool (G5286) is used 8 other times, and some of these references which quote Psalm 110:1 have already been mentioned, but there are three that we have not discussed:


As part of the “Sermon on the Mount” verse 35 of Matthew 5:33-37 cautions: Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:

{34} But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: {35} Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: [pous:G4228]  [hupopodion:G5286] neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. {36} Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. {37} But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.


Verse 49 of Acts 7:44-50 includes this expression as part of Stephen’s testimony to the Council, as he rehearsed God’s dealing with the nation of Israel:  


Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen. {45} Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David; {46} Who found favour before God, and desired to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob.

{47} But Solomon built him an house. {48} Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, {49} Heaven [is] my throne, and earth [is] my footstool: [pous:G4228]  [hupopodion:G5286] what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what [is] the place of my rest? {50} Hath not my hand made all these things? 


Verse 3 of James 2:1-9 inserts this word in the context of the dangers of being a respecter of persons, which God is not; in this case only the term footstool is employed, as it is referring to mankind’s sinful bias


My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, [the Lord] of glory, with respect of persons. {2} For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; {3} And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool: [hupopodion:G5286] {4} Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts? {5} Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him? {6} But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats? {7} Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? {8} If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: {9} But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.


This brings us to the last verse in Hebrews 1 - verse 14 - which declares:


Verse 14: Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


The question that is being raised in verse 14 relates back to the first part of verse 13, But to which of the angels said he at any time…


The two words, ministering and spirits only surface together in this verse, so we will have to consider them individually:


Ministering [leitourgikos:G3010]


Actually this Greek adjective, ministering, is only found here in Hebrews 1:14. It stems from a root word, leitourgeo (G3008) which is a verb, and crops up in the following three verses as some form of the word, minister:


Minister [leitourgeo:G3008]


Verse 2 of Acts 13:1-3 records: Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.{2} As they ministered [leitourgeo:G3008] to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. {3} And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid [their] hands on them, they sent [them] away.


Verse 27 of Romans 15:25-27 recounts what Paul declared to the Roman church concerning his plans for visiting them, under God’s direction; incidentally, the first word to minister in verse 25 is a different Greek word, and one from which we get our English word, “deacon”: But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints. {26} For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. {27} It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister [leitourgeo:G3008] unto them in carnal things. {28} When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain. {29} And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ. 


Verse 11 of Hebrews 10:1-14 includes this expression in this passage which presents yet another contrast between the Levitical priesthood, and the High Priesthood of Christ, after the order of Melchisedec: 


For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. {2}For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. {3} But in those [sacrifices there is] a remembrance again [made] of sins every year. {4} For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

{5} Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: {6} In burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin thou hast had no pleasure. {7} Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. {8} Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and [offering] for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure [therein]; which are offered by the law; {9} Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. {10} By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once [for all]. {11} And every priest standeth daily ministering [leitourgeo:G3008] and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: {12} But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; {13} From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. {14} For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.


Spirits [pneuma:G4151] 


The term spirits can refer to the angelic beings as in this case, or the Holy Spirit, or even to demons, and can also be used interchangeably with the mind or soul of mankind and also animals, as these next citations illustrate:


1 Peter 3:18 affirms the Atonement which took place at...the foundation of the world:  For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened [“made alive”] by the Spirit: [pneuma:G4151]


1 John 4:1 admonishes God’s elect to test ot try the spirits, which is a reference to doctrine, by comparing spiritual with spiritual: Beloved, believe not every spirit, [pneuma:G4151] but try the spirits [pneuma:G4151] whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.


Luke 8:2 is one of many instances, which underscore the power of the Word of God to bring spiritual deliverance and salvation: And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits [pneuma:G4151] and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils,


Luke 24:39 is helpful in explaining that a spirit is not a carnal (or fleshly) being: Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit [pneuma:G4151] hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.


This also why we read in John 4:24, God [is] a Spirit [pneuma:G4151]: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit [pneuma:G4151] and in truth.


1 Thessalonians 5:23 offers this assurance: And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and [I pray God] your whole spirit [pneuma:G4151] and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.


Sent Forth [apostello:G649]


The next word that we want to turn out attention to is sent forth, or apostello, from which we get our English word, “apostle.” This expression is commonly rendered as some form of the verb to send, as these next passages indicate: 


In Matthew 23:37-38 Christ laments over national Israel (which in turn symbolizes the New Testament churches and denominations) whom He divorced for their spiritual adultery: O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent [apostello:G649] unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not! {38} Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.


Matthew 24:31 maintains: And he shall send [apostello:G649] his angels [“messengers” - or God’s elect] with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.


Luke 4:18 encapsulates the ministry of the Lord Jesus: The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent [apostello:G649] me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set [apostello:G649] at liberty them that are bruised,


I think we’ll stop here today. Lord willing, in our next study we will finish up this chapter. Please stay tuned for our closing hymns.

Hebrews 1 - Part 25

 September 13, 2020


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we ask God’s blessing upon our time together... This will be Hebrews 1- Part 25, and today’s date is September 13, 2020. I’ll read Hebrews 1:7-14,


And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. {8} But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? {14} Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?


We have arrived at the latter part of verse 14 and the last verse in Hebrews 1: ...to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation? 


The term minister is a Greek noun which as I mentioned in our previous study is a different word than the term ministering (leitourgikos:G3010) - referring to the angels as ministering spirits -  in the first part of verse 14. Leitourgikos is an adjective, and only used once in Hebrews 1:14. It was for this reason that we went to its root word, (leitourgeo:G3008) which is a verb. In fact, we noted that this term was always rendered as some form of the word minister with respect to Paul and Barnabas (in Acts 13:2), of Paul (in Romans 15:27), and of Temple priests (in Hebrews 10:11).  Let’s consider how God uses this second word, minister (diakonia:G1248) which is a noun, and from which we get our English word, deacon. This word is employed in various ways and yet in this verse we want to keep in mind that it is speaking about these angelic beings who are sent forth to minister to the elect or heirs of salvation which we will be discussing a little later in today’s study. As far as I am aware of, God does not give us a lot of information regarding the specifics of what these angelic beings perform on behalf of God’s saints. 


Minister [diakonia:G1248] 

In verse 40 of Luke 10:38-42 this expression is rendered as serving as the Lord uses this incident of “hospitality” to underscore the singular importance of sitting at Jesus’ feet to hear and partake of the Bread of Life: 


Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. {39} And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word. {40} But Martha was cumbered about much serving [diakonia:G1248] , and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me. {41} And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: {42} But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her.


Verse 5 of 1 Corinthians 12:4-6 translates this word as of administrations in this passage which highlights the three Persons of the Godhead as well as three distinct categories in which God equips and utilizes His people to serve Him in the most effective way possible; this accomplished as God works in His people in different ways and means, which is underscored by His usage of the expression diversities or differences which is repeated three times. This is summed up in verse 7 in which God speaks of the manifestation of the Spirit along with the word, profit withal, both of which are exceedingly important principles: 

Now there are diversities [diairesis:G1243] [dee-eye-rah-sis] of gifts [charisma:G5486], but the same Spirit. {5} And there are differences [diairesis:G1243]of administrations [diakonia:G1248], but the same Lord. {6} And there are diversities [diairesis:G1243] of operations [energema:G1755], but it is the same God which worketh all in all. {7} But the manifestation [phanerosis:G5321] of the Spirit [pneuma:G4151] is given to every man to profit withal. 


Principle # 1: The Manifestation [phanerosis:G5321] Of The Spirit/ By Manifestation [phanerosis:G5321] Of The Truth


The first principle has to with the manifestation of the Spirit. And Who is the Spirit? He is the Spirit of Truth or the Holy Spirit (according to John 16:13 for instance) and this word, the manifestation is only found in one other crucial passage which is in verse 2 of  2 Corinthians 4:1-7, in which it is expressed as by manifestation, which modifies the word, Truth. Please note that our term, ministry (or diakonia) crops up in verse 1:


Therefore seeing we have this ministry [diakonia:G1248], as we have received mercy, we faint not; {2} But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation [phanerosis:G5321] of the truth [aletheia:G225] commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God. {3} But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: {4} In whom the god of this world [The Triune God - not Satan] hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. {5} For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake. {6} For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. {7} But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.


And how does one arrive at the Truth? By utilizing God’s methodology of comparing spiritual with spiritual, which involves researching how God defines His terms including the letters as well as the shapes of the letters, all of which are designed to puposefully hide spiritual truth.


Principle #2: Profit Withal [symphero:G4851] 


The word, profit withal, in 1 Corinthians 12:7 is a compound word that literally means to “bring with” or “bring together.” It is made up of the preposition syn (G4562) and the main word, phero (G5342), which is primarily translated as bring; for instance in John 21:10 when Jesus tells the disciples, ...Bring [phero:G5342] of the fish which ye have now caught. 


John 16:7 acknowledges: Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient [symphero:G4851] for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.


We also see this in John 18:14, in which Caiaphas under divine inspiration states: Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient [symphero:G4851] that one man should die for the people.


Acts 20:20 likewise declares: [And] how I kept back nothing that was profitable [symphero:G4851] [unto you], but have shewed you, and have taught you publickly, and from house to house,


1 Corinthians 6:12 adds:  All things are lawful unto me, but all things are [symphero:G4851][G0] not expedient:[symphero:G4851] all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any.


Hebrews12:10 records:  For they verily for a few days chastened [us] after their own pleasure; but he for [our] profit, [symphero:G4851] that [we] might be partakers of his holiness.


Minister [diakonia:G1248] (Cont.)


Here is another reference of this word, minister or diakonia:


Verse 7 of Romans 12:1-8 renders this term as both ministry and ministering: I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service. [latreia:G2999] {2} And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. {3} For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think [of himself] more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith. {4} For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: {5} So we, [being] many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another. {6} Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, [let us prophesy] according to the proportion of faith; {7} Or ministry [diakonia:G1248], [let us wait] on [our] ministering [diakonia:G1248]: or he that teacheth, on teaching; {8} Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, [let him do it] with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.


Heirs [kleronomeo:G2816] Of Salvation [soteria:G4991] 


The two words, heirs and of salvation which the angelic beings have been assigned to by God, only surface together in Hebrews 1:14. We have already discussed the term, heir or inheritance in Hebrews 1:4, so I won’t go over that material again, so instead let’s focus on the word, salvation or soteria, which is primarily translated as salvation: 


 Of Salvation [soteria:G4991] 

This expression, salvation or soteria stems from the word, Savior or soter (G4990). The following reflect some of the ways that God employs it:


It is found for instance in verses 26 and 47 of Acts 13:16-41 which is an extremely significant chapter in which Paul (like Stephen before him) outlines the history of God’s dealings with national Israel and in the process touches and expounds upon one of the most important declarations of salvation that occurred at...the foundation of the world in verses 33-37 which was  discussed at length in BMI’s series on The Lamb Slain From The Foundation Of The World: 


Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with [his] hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience. {17} The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it. {18} And about the time of forty years suffered he their manners in the wilderness. {19} And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot. {20} And after that he gave [unto them] judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet. {21} And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years. {22} And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the [son] of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will. {23} Of this man's seed hath God according to [his] promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus: {24} When John had first preached before his coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel. {25} And as John fulfilled his course, he said, Whom think ye that I am? I am not [he]. But, behold, there cometh one after me, whose shoes of [his] feet I am not worthy to loose. {26} Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation [soteria:G4991] sent. {27} For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled [them] in condemning [him]. {28} And though they found no cause of death [in him], yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. {29} And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took [him] down from the tree, and laid [him] in a sepulchre. {30} But God raised him from the dead: {31} And he was seen many days of them which came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses unto the people. {32} And we declare unto you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made unto the fathers, {33} God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. {34} And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, [now] no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David. {35} Wherefore he saith also in another [psalm], Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. {36} For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption: {37} But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption. {38} Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: {39} And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. {40} Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets; {41} Behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you. {42} And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. {43} Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. {44} And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God. {45} But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. {46} Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. {47} For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation  [soteria:G4991]  unto the ends of the earth.


Lord willing, in our next study we will start Chapter 2. Pease stay tuned for our Hymn Sing next.