Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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2 Peter 2 - Part 8 

Air Date: October 22, 2017


“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. {4} For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


In our examination of 2 Peter 2, we are down to verse 7, which concerns Lot and his role in the third example of God not sparing Sodom and Gomorrah, and the other neighboring “cities of the plain.” Let’s see what God tells us about this child of God, who has been misrepresented, and I admit to wondering about his character as well, so it’s good for us to put aside what we might superficially presume about this godly man, and learn what God actually has to say about him, starting with the phrase, 


 And [kai:G2532] Delivered [rhyomai:G4506] Just [dikaios:G1342] Lot [Lot:G3091]


Lot [Lot:G3091]


According to verse 7, we learn a very significant truth about Lot - that he was “just” or “righteous” - in other words, he was a genuine child of God, by God’s grace. Lot’s name only appears in three other passages in the New Testament besides 2 Peter 2:7. It appears in verses 28-29, and in the profound warning (with regard to Lot’s wife) in verse 32 of Luke 17:28-37 - a chapter that describes the Great Tribulation as well as our current “day of judgment”:


“Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot [Lot:G3091]; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; {29} But the same day that Lot [Lot:G3091] went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed [them] all. {30} Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed. {31} In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back. {32} Remember Lot's [Lot:G3091] wife. {33} Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. {34} I tell you, in that night there shall be two [men] in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left. {35} Two [women] shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left. {36} Two [men] shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. {37} And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body [is], thither will the eagles be gathered together.”


Lot’s (G3091) name is derived from the Hebrew, “Lowt” (Lowt:H3876), and signifies “a covering.” So we could undertand the phrase “And delivered just Lot,” spiritually to underscore that he was clothed with a “just” (i.e., “a righteous”) “covering,” which we recognize is the “robe” of Christ’s righteousness, according to Isaiah 61:10, for example: 


“I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels.”


Notice the parallel statements in this passage - he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation” and  he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness.”


Lot (Lowt:H3876) appears 33 times in the Old Testament, and stems from two identically spelled Hebrew terms: “lowt” (H3875), which in turn is derived from “luwt” (H3874). Both words are found in verse 7 of Isaiah 25:6-10, and are rendered as “of the covering” and “cast over” respectively:


“And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined. {7} And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering [lowt:H3875] cast over [luwt:H3874] all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations. {8} He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken [it]. {9} And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this [is] our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this [is] the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation. {10} For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him, even as straw is trodden down for the dunghill.”


This verse also reminds us of verse 35 of Luke 21:33-36, which is similar in scope to Luke 17, as well as to Matthew 24 and Mark 13; it is also reminiscent of 1 Corinthians 15:54, as far as death “being swallowed up in victory” and Revelation 21:4, in which God “will wipe away all tears”:


“Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away. {34} And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares. {35} For as a snare shall it come on all [“all” the non-elect] them that dwell on the face of the whole earth. {36} Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.”


Just [dikaios:G1342] 


We have already discussed the term, “just” (or “righteous”) in 2 Peter 1:13, so I won’t belabor the point; this same word also surfaces in 2 Peter 2:8,


2 Peter 1:13 records, “Yea, I think it meet, [dikaios:G1342] as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting [you] in remembrance”


We will also find this word in the very next verse - in 2 Peter 2:8, 


“(For that righteous man [dikaios:G1342] dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous [dikaios:G1342] soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;)”


Delivered [rhyomai:G4506]


The word, “delivered,” in this phrase, “And delivered just Lot…” also occurs in verse 9 which states:


“The Lord knoweth how to deliver [rhyomai:G4506] the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


The following citations illustrate how God uses this term 17 times as “deliver” and once as “Deliverer”:


Romans 11:26 underscores the salvation of all the elect, which took place on May 21, 2011, in which the spiritual Temple that was 13,023 years in the making was finally completed: “And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, [rhyomai:G4506] and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:”


2 Corinthians 1:10 emphasizes the past, present, and future time span of God’s promise of deliverance, which began prior to Creation, and was applied to the souls of God’s elect throughout history, and will find its ultimate fulfillment when all within the Body of Christ will receive their glorified spiritual bodies: “Who delivered [rhyomai:G4506] us from so great a death, and doth deliver: [rhyomai:G4506] in whom we trust that he will [rhyomai:G4506] G0 yet deliver [rhyomai:G4506] [us];”


Colossians 1:13 pinpoints that God’s chosen have been spiritually rescued from the kingdom of darkness, and have been placed into the Kingdom of Light: “Who hath delivered [rhyomai:G4506] us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son:”


1 Thessalonians 1:10 further highlights  “so great salvation” ( Hebrews 2:3), and what ourt present spiritual posture - that of patiently waiting -  needs to be: “And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, [even] Jesus, which delivered [rhyomai:G4506] us from the wrath to come.”


Verse 18 of 2 Timothy 4:17-18 also maintains God’s incomparable trustworthiness, as we see this word repeated in each verse: “Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and [that] all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered [rhyomai:G4506] out of the mouth of the lion. {18} And the Lord shall deliver [rhyomai:G4506] me from every evil work, and will preserve [me] unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen.”


Verse 2 of 2 Thessalonians 3:1-5 makes this point as well, while underscoring God’s unswerving faithfulness: “Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may have [free] course, and be glorified, even as [it is] with you: {2} And that we may be delivered [rhyomai:G4506] from unreasonable and wicked men: for all [men] have not faith. {3} But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep [you] from evil. {4} And we have confidence in the Lord touching you, that ye both do and will do the things which we command you. {5} And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the patient waiting [hypomone:G5281] for Christ.”


“Patient Waiting” [hypomone:G5281] - A Short Detour And A Needed Reminder


This term, “patient waiting” (hypomone:G5281) in 2 Thessalonians 3:5 is very apropos to our situation today, as the subsequent passages that employ this word confim, and they are an excellent reminder of the spiritual attitude that we need to maintain on a moment by moment basis:


Verse 25 of Romans 8:24-25 translates this term as “patience”: “For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?{25}But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience [hypomone:G5281] wait for [it].”


Verse 4 of Romans 15:4-6 “For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience [hypomone:G5281] and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. {5} Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to be likeminded one toward another according to Christ Jesus: {6} That ye may with one mind [and] one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”


Likewise verses 3 and 4 of James 1:2-4 acknowledge: “My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; {3}Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith worketh patience. [hypomone:G5281] {4} But let patience [hypomone:G5281] have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.


Verse 11 of James 5:10-11 exhorts: “Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.{11} Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience [hypomone:G5281] of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.”


Lastly, Revelation 14:12 provides this admonition: “Here is the patience [hypomone:G5281] of the saints: here [are] they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.”


Delivered [rhyomai:G4506] (Cont.)


Going back to Lot and his “deliverance” in the historical context, we note that he was literally taken out of Sodom, by the two “angels” (typifying God Himself), as we read in Genesis 19:14-17, and 29:


“And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law. {15} And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. {16} And while he lingered, the men [“two angels”] laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city. {17} And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed… {29} And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.” 


With that in mind, let’s proceed to the next phrase, in which we learn the second characteristic regarding Lot (remember the first was that he was “just” (“righteous”) or saved: 


Vexed [kataponeo:G2669] With [hypo:G5229] The Filthy [aselgeia:G766] Conversation [anastrophe:G391] (“Lifestyle”) Of The Wicked [athesmos:G113]


Vexed [kataponeo:G2669] 


The word, “vexed” only appears again in verse 24 of Acts 7:23-25, as “him that was oppressed”:


“And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. {24} And seeing one [of them] suffer wrong, he defended [him], and avenged him that was oppressed [kataponeo:G2669], and smote the Egyptian: {25} For he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not.”


G2669 is a compound word made up of the terms “kata” (G2596 - a prepostion; “according, in, by,” etc.) and the main word, “poneo” (G4192). “Poneo” only surfaces in three passages whioch are all found in the book of Revelation in chapters 16 and 21; they help us to see the degree of spiritual anguish that Lot had to constantly endure - day by day - in Sodom:


Revelation 16:10-11 records: “And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, [poneo:G4192] 11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains [poneo:G4192] and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.”


Revelation 21:4, “And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain [poneo:G4192]: for the former things are passed away.”


With [hypo:G5229] The Filthy [aselgeia:G766] Conversation [anastrophe:G391]


This expression, “filthy,” is used 8 other times in the New Testament, and we’ll encounter it again in this chapter in verse 18,


“For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, [aselgeia:G766] those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.”


Verse 19 of Galatians 5:19-21, lists this term - along with 16 others - that comprise the “works of the flesh”: “Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, [aselgeia:G766] {20} Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, {21} Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.”


1 Peter 4:3 also underscores that this sin - and many others - characterized the lives of the elect prior to their regeneration by the Word of God: “For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, [aselgeia:G766] lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:”


As I have mentioned before the book of Jude parallels what we are learning about “false prophets” and “false teachers” here in 2 Peter 2, and in verse 4 we discover that this word, “lasciviousness” is found here too: “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, [aselgeia:G766] and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”


An Interesting Correlation Between Lot And Believers Today


We are learning that Lot was not only “just” (dikaios:G1342) or “made righteous” by virtue of the fact that God had clothed him with “the robe of Christ’s righteousness,” but during his sojourn in Sodom he was vexed by the “filthy” (aselgeia:G766) lifestyle of the non-elect in Sodom - sadly even amongst those in his own family. This striking division between Lot and those around him is very familiar to believers who are now living through our current “day of judgment,” in which one’s spiritual status is permanently fixed by God as we read in Revelation 22:11, in which the same word for “just” or “righteous” (dikaios:G1342) is used here, along with the English word “filthy,” (rhypaino:G4510), which is a different Greek term that what we find in 2 Peter 2:7, although the same dichotomy is being highlighted:


“He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy [rhypaino:G4510], let him be filthy [rhypaino:G4510] still: and he that is righteous [dikaios:G1342], let him be righteous [dikaios:G1342] still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.”


Conversation [anastrophe:G391]


The expression, “conversation” signifies one’s “conduct” or “lifetyle” and is always rendered in the KJV as “conversation,” in the 13 times that it is utilized in the New Testament. As with many words in the Bible it can have both a postive, as well as a negative connotation or application as it does here with respect to the “conduct” of a genuine child of God as opposed to that of one who is non-elect.


We see this division that Paul speaks about - under divine inspiration -  with regard to his own life, (and which all believers can relate to) as this word shows up in verse 13 of Galatians 1:11-24, “But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. {12} For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught [it], but by the revelation of Jesus Christ. {13} For ye have heard of my conversation [anastrophe:G391] in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it: {14} And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers. {15} But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace, {16} To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood: {17} Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus. {18} Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days. {19} But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother. {20} Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not. {21} Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia; {22} And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ: {23} But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed. {24} And they glorified God in me.”


This is also in view in verses 15 and 18 of 1 Peter 3:13-20, “Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; {14} As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance: {15} But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation [anastrophe:G391]; {16} Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy. {17} And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear: {18} Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [anastrophe:G391]  [received] by tradition from your fathers; {19} But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: {20} Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,”


We will also encounter this term again, if God allows us to get to verse 11 of 2 Peter 3:10-13, “But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation [anastrophe:G391] and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.”


Of The Wicked [athesmos:G113]


The last word in verse 7, “of the wicked” further accentuates the separation between Lot and the non-elect in Sodom even in this verse. This term is only found in one other reference - in verse 17 of 2 Peter 3:17-18,


“Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know [these things] before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked [athesmos:G113], fall from your own stedfastness. {18} But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.”


I think we’ll stop here today, and Lord willing, pick up with verse 8 next Sunday.







 

2 Peter 2 - Part 9 

Air Date: October 29, 2017


“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. {4} For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


Today’s study will focus on verse 8, in which God gives us additional information about Lot, as He started to in verse 7, placing a great deal of emphasis on the fact that Lot was “righteous” (or a child of God); in fact God says this three times - in verses 7 and 8 - stressing in no uncertain terms, the “purpose of God.”  We also want to bear in mind that the judgment upon Sodom and Gomorrah is the third example of God “not sparing,” following in the footsteps of the “fallen angels,” and the “world” of Noah’s day that perished in the Flood. I also mentioned last Sunday that we see a correlation with Lot - while he lived in Sodom, and after he was delivered by the two “angels” or “messengers” (God Himself as “two men”) - and believers in our day -  both during the Great Tribulation, and presently, during the “day of judgment.” The other thing to remember is that judgment began “at the house of God” (1 Peter 4:17) - the churches and denominations, worldwide and without exception - and God refers to them spiritually as “Jerusalem” (i.e.,”where also our Lord was crucified”) which is likened to “Sodom” (highlighting spiritual fornication) and “Egypt” (exemplifying slavery to sin and Satan) in Revelation 11:8, 


“And their [“the two witnesses”] dead bodies [shall lie] in the street of the great city, which spiritually [pneumatikos:G4153] is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.”


Notice the word, “spiritually” (pneumatikos:G4153) in Revelation 11:8, which only appears in one other passage  - 1 Corinthians 2:14,


“But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually [pneumatikos:G4153] discerned.”


I bring this up as 1 Corinthians 2:14 reveals the principle that the Bible is a spiritual book, and has to be understood spiritually in order to arrive at Truth. Revelation 11:8, on the other hand, provides a wonderful illustration of that very principle by spiritually calling “Jerusalem” (“...the great city… where also our Lord was crucified” - corresponding to the churches and denominations under God’s wrath) by the blunt epithets, “Sodom” and “Egypt.” 


In thinking about Lot’s sojourn in Sodom - not unlike our own today - I was reminded of John 17:2, 6, 11, 14-16, which  explain in some detail the distinction between God’s elect and the non-elect who have always lived side by side in the world: “As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. ... {6} I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. ... {11} And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we [are]. ... {14} I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. {15} I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. {16} They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.


The Bible is replete with examples of believers and non-believers living simultaneously, yet abiding in two different kingdoms, even though they might be part of the same family. We can think of Cain and Abel, and Jacob and Esau for example. There are also other notable characters in the Bible such as the beggar Lazarus and the “rich man,” in Luke 16 or the man that was “born blind” and the Pharisees in John 9.


Romans 8:16-19 is an excellent passage which affirms what is taking place today - in the day of judgment - in which God’s true saints are being “manifested,” in the midst of a world which is under God’s wrath:


“The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: {17} And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. {18} For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us. {19} For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation [apokalypsis:G602] of the sons of God.”


This same term, “for the manifestation” (apokalypsis:G602) surfaces in the following citations which serve as a good reminder for all of us, as we have been learning since May 21, 2011:


Romans 2:5 declares: “But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation [apokalypsis:G602] of the righteous judgment of God;”


Romans 16:25 underscores the plethora of Biblical truth that God has been unveiling since the “little book” (which is the Bible) was “unsealed” (as we read in Revelation 5:5) at the start of the Great Tribulation, on May 21, 1988: “Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation [apokalypsis:G602] of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,”


1 Peter 1:7 and 13 likewise affirm: “That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing [apokalypsis:G602] of Jesus Christ: …{13} Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation [apokalypsis:G602] of Jesus Christ;”


1 Peter 4:13 provides this exhortation as well: “But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, [G602] ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.”


Getting back to 2 Peter 2:8... Since we have already considered the term, “righteous” (dikaios:G1342), let’s begin with the phrase, “dwelling among them,” which is comprised of three words that only appear together in this verse.


Dwelling [egkatoikeo:G1460] Among [en:G1722] Them [autos:G846]


In fact, the term, “dwelling” only appears here, but its main root word (it’s a compound word) is “katoikeo” (G2730); here are a few examples of how this words is utilized in the Scriptures:


Verses 2 and 4 of Acts 7:1-4 include this term, which is translated as “dwelt” and “dwell” respectively, but I’ll preface this by reading some background information in Acts 6:7-15 regarding Stephen as it serves to once again underscore the division between the elect and non-elect quite dramatically, resulting in the death of Stephen by stoning:   


“And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith. {8} And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people. {9} Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called [the synagogue] of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen. {10} And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake. {11} Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and [against] God. {12} And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon [him], and caught him, and brought [him] to the council, {13} And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law: {14} For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us. {15} And all that sat in the council, looking stedfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an angel. {7:1} Then said the high priest, Are these things so? {2] And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt [katoikeo:G2730] in Charran, {3} And said unto him, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and come into the land which I shall shew thee. {4} Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelt [katoikeo:G2730] in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, he removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell.”


I would be remiss if I did not mention a passage from Genesis 19:4-14, that again highlights the spirtual dichotomy that existed between Lot and the majority of men in Sodom, sadly including his own sons-in-law who married his daughters: 


“But before they lay down, the men of the city, [even] the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: {5} And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where [are] the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. {6} And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, {7} And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. {8} Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as [is] good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. {9} And they said, Stand back. And they said [again], This one [fellow] came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, [even] Lot, and came near to break the door. {10} But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. {11} And they smote the men that [were] at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door. {12} And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring [them] out of this place: {13} For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it. {14} And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.”


In verses 24 and 26 of Acts 17:24-26 we read part of Paul sermon on Mars Hill, in which the terms, “dwelleth” and “for to dwell” appear in that order: “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth [katoikeo:G2730] not in temples made with hands; {25} Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things; {26} And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell [katoikeo:G2730] on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;”


In verse 9 of Hebrews 11:9-19 it i stranslated as “dwelling”: “By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. {9} By faith he [Abraham] sojourned in the land of promise, as [in] a strange country, dwelling [katoikeo:G2730] in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: {10} For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God. ”


In similar fashion, believers all throughout history, down to our present day acknowledge their great longing to be with their Lord and their God as 2 Peter 3:13 depicts: 


“Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth [katoikeo:G2730] righteousness.”


In Seeing [blemma:G990] And [kai:G2532] Hearing [akoe:G189] Vexed [basanizo:G928] [His] Righteous [dikaios:G1342] Soul [psyche:G2290]


The next phrase that we want to consider in 2 Peter 2:8 is: “ ...in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul…,” so let’s investigate each of these terms, except for the word, “righteous,” which we have already discussed:


In Seeing [blemma:G990] And [kai:G2532] Hearing [akoe:G189] 


The word, “is seeing” is only found in this verse, and its root word, “blepo” (G991) is not found in either 1 or 2 Peter. However, we do find that G991 and G189 (“hearing”) do surface in two very significant citations - Matthew 13:14 and Acts 28:26 - and both verses are quotations from Isaiah 6:9,


Matthew 13:14 records, “And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing [akoe:G189 - stems from G191] ye shall hear [akouo:G191], and shall not understand; and seeing [blepo:G991] ye shall see [blepo:G991], and shall not perceive:”


And Acts 28:26 likewise maintains, “Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing [akoe:G189 - stems from G191]  ye shall hear [akouo:G191], and shall not understand; and seeing [blepo:G991] ye shall see [blepo:G991], and not perceive:”

   

Earlier in today’s study, I mentioned John 9 as an illustration of the dichotomy between the elect and the non-elect; and at the end of the chapter, we find this same blind man - who could see for the first time in his life - worshipping the Lord. G991 is found three times in verse 39, and once in verse 40; I’ll read verses 39-41, which are the closing verses of this chapter:


“And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see [blepo:G991] not might see [blepo:G991] ; and that they which see [blepo:G991] might be made blind. {40} And [some] of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also? {4

1} Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see [blepo:G991]; therefore your sin remaineth.”


Vexed [basanizo:G928]


The term, “vexed,” is predominantly rendered in these ways: “torment” (8x), and once as pain,” toss,” vex and toil.” Here are some examples:


Verse 6 of Matthew 8:5-13 states: “And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him, {6} And saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented [basanizo:G928] {7} And Jesus saith unto him, I will come and heal him. {8} The centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed. {9} For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this [man], Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth [it]. {10} When Jesus heard [it], he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. {11} And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. {12} But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. {13} And Jesus said unto the centurion, Go thy way; and as thou hast believed, [so] be it done unto thee. And his servant was healed in the selfsame hour.” 


Verse 24 of Matthew 14:24-27, “But the ship was now in the midst of the sea, tossed [basanizo:G928] with waves: for the wind was contrary. {25} And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea. {26} And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a spirit; and they cried out for fear. {27} But straightway Jesus spake unto them, saying, Be of good cheer; it is I; be not afraid.”


The same account in Mark 6:48, “And he saw them toiling [basanizo:G928] in rowing; for the wind was contrary unto them: and about the fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking upon the sea, and would have passed by them.”


Revelation 12:2, “And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained [basanizo:G928] to be delivered.”


In the foregoing verses we see various shades of meaning with respect to Lot’s soul being “vexed”: 


  • In Revelation 12:2, the idea of a woman wanting to be delivered from the pains of labor is a natural desire - which can be understood spiritually, as we read in Romans 8:23, “And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.”


  • In the Mark 6 and Matthew 14 accounts, one recognizes that the reason they were “toiling in rowing” was because they were going against fierce waves and powerful winds - causing tremendous opposition. Spiritually, the “winds” can refer to false doctrines, as we see from Ephesians 4:14 and Jude 12: 


Ephesians 4:14 teaches: “That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind [anemos:G417] of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;” 


Similarly, Jude 12-13 also reveals: “These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; [anemos:G417] trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; {13} Raging waves [kyma:G2949] of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.” 


The  power of the “waves” is also evidenced in Acts 27:41, which is a chapter that parabolically points to the destruction of the New Testament churches and denominations that are typified by this ship which runs aground, and is broken by the waves, as God’s judgment was poured upon them, as of May 21, 1988: “And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.” [kyma:G2949] 


 [His] Righteous [dikaios:G1342] Soul [psyche:G2290]


So, we can certainly relate to Lot’s “vexation” as genuine believers in our present “day of judgment” live in a world that has been given up by God, and that are being severly judged, culminating at the end of this prolonged period of time with the annihilation of each of the elect, as well as this entire universe after which God will usher in “the New Heavens and the New Earth” -  as we read earlier in 2 Peter 3:13, 


“Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth [katoikeo:G2730] righteousness.”

   

In the meantime, could it be that we would find solace and comfort in the Word of God, even as the disciples did, on another occasion when they were with the Master - who was asleep in that small boat and appeared to them to be ready to capsize, and they heard His Word, and experienced the “calm” that He produced in Matthew 8:24-27,


“And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep. {25} And his disciples came to [him], and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. {26} And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. {27} But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him!” 


May we in the midst of the “fiery trial” that we find ourselves in, recognize that our only hope is solely in God’s Word, even as we read in Psalm 46:1-11, which speaks very directly to our time:


“[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. {2} Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea; {3} [Though] the waters thereof roar [and] be troubled, [though] the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah. {4} [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High. {5} God [is] in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, [and that] right early. {6} The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted. {7} The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah. {8} Come, behold the works of the LORD, what desolations he hath made in the earth. {9} He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire. {10} Be still, and know that I [am] God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth. {11} The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.”






2 Peter 2 - Part 10 

Air Date: November 5, 2017


“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. {4} For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


 From Day [hemera:G2250] To [ek:G1537] Day [hemera:G2250] With [Their] Unlawful [anomos:G459] Deeds [ergon:G2041]


In our previous Bible study we left off at the last phrase in verse 8, as well as verse 9, which we now want to examine, with respect to Lot being “vexed” - or  “pained,” “tossed,” “toiling,” and “tormented” in his “righteous soul” on a daily basis. We got a very good idea of what Lot was subjected to from the account in Genesis 19:4-9, which was in all likelihood not a daily occurence, but nonetheless the spiritual atmosphere that pervaded Sodom and Gomorrah was rife with sin, rebellion and antagonism against the Word of God, and stifling to the tiny remnant in Sodom:


“But before they lay down, the men of the city, [even] the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: {5} And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where [are] the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. {6} And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, {7} And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. {8} Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as [is] good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. {9} And they said, Stand back. And they said [again], This one [fellow] came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, [even] Lot, and came near to break the door.” 


I made the point that Lot’s sojourn in Sodom is not unlike our own today - in a world that is gone mad - and under the fierce judgment of God -  and I am reminded of what we read in Luke 18:1-8, in which the same word “day” crops up in verse 8: 


“And he spake a parable unto them [to this end], that men ought always to pray, and not to faint; {2} Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man: {3} And there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adversary. {4} And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man; {5} Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me. {6} And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith. {7} And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day [hemera:G2250] and night unto him, though he bear long with them? {8} I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?”


Lot also undoubtedly understood the reality of “casting his burden upon the LORD,” as we read in Psalm 55:22, even though the Scriptures had not been penned yet:


“Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.”


Exceeding Great And Precious Promises


It behooves us to recall what we read in 2 Peter 1:1-4, regarding the “exceeding great and precious promises” that God has filled the Bible with, which is why God makes the following affirmation in Romans 15:4, “...that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.”


2 Peter 1:1-4 asserts, “Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ: {2} Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, {3} According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: {4} Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.”


We don’t have God (in the person of the two “messengers”) to take us by the hand and literally drag us out of Sodom, as was the case with Lot, his wife, and their two daughters, as we read in Genesis 19:15-17,


“And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. {16} And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city. {17} And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.”   


However we do possess something just as trustworthy, just as comforting, just as assuring as God’s literal “hands” - which is His Word. Remember what Peter stated in no uncertain terms with regard to his experience on the Mount of Transfiguration as he reminds us in the closing verses of 2 Peter 1. Along with that, we have the powerful testimony of John, under divine inspiration, in 1 John 1:1-4,


“That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; {2} (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) {3} That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship [is] with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. {4} And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full.”


Just as the apostles “rubbed shoulders” with the Lord as they walked, worked, ate, and slept together oveer the course of His earthly ministry and demonstration - we can do likewise by faith - by looking upon and handling the words on the pages of our Bibles.I know I’m digressing from our study, but I think we do need to be reminded of some of these “exceeding great and precious promises” which encourage and embolden us to “stand” by God’s grace in this “evil day,” and we have to keep in mind that it is God, who causes us to stand entirely:


The same term, “day” which is employed twice in the last part of verse 8 is also rendered in Matthew 6:34, as “unto the day”: 


“Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day [hemera:G2250] [is] the evil thereof.”


These next citations - most of which are in the Old Testament - do not contain this word, “day,” but are, nonetheless, a great source of encouragement and edification for us today, even as they have been for many past generations of God’s saints, and if committed to memory are a wonderful source of blessing to remind each of us of the faithfulness of the “Good Shepherd,” and His unfathomable care for each of His beloved “sheep”:


Psalm 27:14, Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the LORD.”


Psalm 37:5,Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring [it] to pass.”


Psalm 42:10-11, “[As] with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where [is] thy God? {11} Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.”


Psalm 62:8, Trust in him at all times; [ye] people, pour out your heart before him: God [is] a refuge for us. Selah.”


Psalm 63:8, “My soul followeth hard after thee: thy right hand [Who is Christ] upholdeth me.”


Philippians 4:6-7, “Be careful [or  “be anxious”] for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God. {7} And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.”


1 Peter 5:7, “Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.


Psalm 16:8, “I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.”


Psalm 37:24. “Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the LORD upholdeth [him with] his hand.


Psa 121:3, “He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.”


1 Samuel 2:9,He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.”


Jude 24-25, “Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present [you] faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, {25} To the only wise God our Saviour, [be] glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.”


With [Their] Unlawful [anomos:G459] Deeds [ergon:G2041]


Well, let’s continue looking at the last two terms in verse 8, “... with [their] unlawful deeds;),” and since these two expressions only appear together in this citation, we will have to look at them individually:


With [Their] Unlawful [anomos:G459]


G459 only occurs in this verse in 2 Peter, but it is employed 9 other times in the following six passages; this compound Greek term is made up of the alpha negative “a-” (G1) and “nomos” (G3551), which is always translated as “law,” 197 times, meaning “without law” or “lawless”:


In Mark 15:25-28, this word is rendered as “the transgressors” in verse 28: “And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. {26} And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS. {27} And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. {28} And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.” [anomos:G459]


Luke 22:37 also translates this term as “the transgressors”: “For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: [anomos:G459] for the things concerning me have an end.”


Acts 2:22-24 is part of Peter’s sermon, given on May 22, 33 AD, at the start of the New Testament church era; in verse 23 this expression is worded as “wicked”: “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: {23} Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked [anomos:G459] hands have crucified and slain: {24} Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.” 


In 1 Corinthians 9:19-23 we learn about Paul’s “methodology” for presenting the Gospel during the “day of salvation;” verse 21 uniquely presents this word 4 times (pointing to “universality” of whatever is in view, or the “farthest extent,” such as the four points on a compass): “For though I be free from all [men], yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. {20} And unto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law; {21} To them that are without law, [anomos:G459] as without law, [anomos:G459] (being not without law [anomos:G459] to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law.” [anomos:G459] {22} To the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all [men], that I might by all means save some. {23} And this I do for the gospel's sake, that I might be partaker thereof with [you].


On the other hand, in 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 we read about Satan - “the man of sin” - taking his seat, by God’s permission, in the churches and denominations that have been handed over to him during the 23-year Great (or Final) Tribulation period (from May 21 1988 - May 21, 2011); in verse 8 he is called, “that Wicked,” which is G459:


“Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and [by] our gathering together unto him, {2} That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. {3} Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; {4} Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. {5} Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? {6} And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. {7} For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth [will let], until he be taken out of the way. {8} And then shall that Wicked [anomos:G459]  be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: {9} [Even him], whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, {10} And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. {11} And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: {12} That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.”


1 Timothy 1:5-11 we read this admonition, under divine inspiration, in which our word is translated as “for the lawless” in verse 8: “Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned: {6} From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling; {7} Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm. {8} But we know that the law [is] good, if a man use it lawfully; {9} Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless [anomos:G459]  and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, {10} For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine; {11} According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.”


 Deeds [ergon:G2041]


The term “deeds” is found 176 times in the New Testament, and is translated in the following manner: work” (152x), “deed” (22x), “doing” (1x), and once aslabour.” Here are some illustrations of how God incorporates this word, which incidentally only surfaces one other time in 2 Peter 3:10,


“But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works [ergon:G2041] that are therein shall be burned up.”


Here are some other examples of “wicked” works, without the use of G459:


In 1 John 3:7-15 we find this term rendered as “works” in verse 12, “Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. {8} He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. {9} Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. {10} In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother. {11} For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another. {12} Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one [poneros:G4190], and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works [ergon:G2041] were evil [poneros:G4190], and his brother's righteous. {13} Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you. {14} We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not [his] brother abideth in death. {15} Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.”


Please note that the two words, “evil” and “that wicked one” in verse 12 are the identical word, “poneros” (G4190).


We also read in 2 John 1:9-11, in which “Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son. {10} If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into [your] house, neither bid him God speed: {11}For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil [poneros:G4190] deeds. [ergon:G2041]


Likewise Jude 7-19 adds, in which G2041 is found in verse 15, “Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. {8} Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. {9} Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. {10} But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. {11} Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core. {12} These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; {13} Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever. {14} And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, {15} To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly [asebes:G765] among them of all their ungodly [asebeia:G763] deeds [ergon:G2041] which they have ungodly committed [asebeo:G764], and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly [asebes:G765] sinners have spoken against him. {16} These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage. {17} But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ; {18} How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk after their own ungodly lusts. {19} These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.”


Well, let’s proceed on to verse 9, and the first phrase,


The Lord [kyrios:G2962] Knoweth [eido:G1492] How To Deliver [rhyomai:G4506] The Godly [eusebes:G2152] Out Of [ek:G1537] Temptations [peirasmos:G3986]


We have already examined the words, “Lord” and “knoweth” in some of our earlier studies, as well as the term, “how to deliver” which was rendered in verse 7, as “delivered,”


 “And delivered [rhyomai:G4506] just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked:” 


This is another crucial reminder to take to heart that no matter how dire our situation might be, no matter how perplexed we might with respect to resolving some situation that we are in, we can lean back on God’s Almighty arms and beseech Him for His mercy, His wisdom, and His strength to deliver His people as Deuteronomy 33:27a so beautifully expressses: 


The eternal God [is thy] refuge, and underneath [are] the everlasting arms:...”


Another touching portrait of utter tranquility and confidence in the Lord - in the midst of a sad and fearful atmosphere of doubt and intrigue - is described in John 13:23-25, in which Lazarus (whom Christ had raised from the dead) is leaning on Jesus’ bosom at the “Last Supper,” and the question of who would betray the Master arises: “Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. {24} Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake. {25} He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it? {26} Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped [it]. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave [it] to Judas Iscariot, [the son] of Simon. {27} And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. {28} Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him. {29} For some [of them] thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy [those things] that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. {30} He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night. {31} Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him. {32} If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.”


2 Corinthians 1:1-10 underscores this, as the term, “deliver,” surfaces in verse 10: “Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy [our] brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia: {2} Grace [be] to you and peace from God our Father, and [from] the Lord Jesus Christ. {3} Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; {4} Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God. {5} For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. {6} And whether we be afflicted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation. {7} And our hope of you [is] stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so [shall ye be] also of the consolation. {8} For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of life: {9} But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God which raiseth the dead: {10} Who delivered [rhyomai:G4506] us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver [us];”


The Godly [eusebes:G2152]


The expression, “the godly” is only found again in the following three citations:


Acts 10:2 and 7 present the account of Cornelius, who was prompted by God to find Peter, who would share the Scriptures with him, and Peter in turn came to realize by this meeting with Cornelius and others, along with the vision of “unclean animals,” that God would save both Jews and Gentiles alike: 


“[A] devout [eusebes:G2152] [man], and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. ... {7} And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout [eusebes:G2152] soldier of them that waited on him continually;”


This same term is also utilized in characterizing Ananias, in Acts 22:12-16, in which this word is found in verse 12: “And one Ananias, a devout [eusebes:G2152] man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt [there], {13} Came unto me, and stood, and said unto me, Brother Saul, receive thy sight. And the same hour I looked up upon him. {14} And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest know his will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of his mouth. {15} For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard. {16} And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.”


I think we’ll stop here, and Lord willing, continue with the rest of verse 9. 









2 Peter 2 - Part 11 

November 12, 2017



“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: {10} But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; {13} And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; {14} Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: {15} Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; {16} But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.”


In our last study we left off at the phrase “out of temptations” in verse 9: 


“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out [ek:G1537] of temptations [peirasmos:G3986], and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:” 


We saw an illustration of such deliverance in the case of Lot, who was “vexed” daily as verse 8 describes: 


“(For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;)” 


We learn of his wonderful deliverance, by God’s mercy, in Genesis 19:15-17,


“And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. {16} And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city. {17} And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.”


Out [ek:G1537] Of Temptations [peirasmos:G3986]


This word, “of temptations” is found 21 times in the New Testament, and in all but one citation, it is translated as “temptation,” and once as “tried” - which is found in a section of Scripture that is quite familiar to us, namely, 1 Peter 4:1, and 12-19, in which this expression surfaces in verse 12, as “try”:


“Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; ... {12} Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try [peirasmos:G3986] you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: {13} But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. {14} If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy [are ye]; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified. {15} But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or [as] a thief, or [as] an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters. {16} Yet if [any man suffer] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf. {17} For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God? {18} And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? {19} Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls [to him] in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.”


In the explanation of the parable of the Sower in Luke 8:5-15 this term, “of temptation,” appears in verse 13, 


“A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. {6} And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. {7} And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. {8} And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. {9} And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? {10} And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. {11} Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. {12} Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. {13}  They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation [peirasmos:G3986] fall away. {14} And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of [this] life, and bring no fruit to perfection. {15} But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep [it], and bring forth fruit with patience.” [hypomone:G5281] 


Did you notice the phrase, “...which for a while believe…” which is indicative of a “man-made” (and hence, temporary) “faith” of one who does not possess the gift of “the faith of Christ.”


This word also surfaces twice as “temptation” in 1 Corinthians 10:1-13, in verse 13, along with its verb form “to be tempted,” (peirazo:G3985) which is actually its root word: 


“Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; {2} And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; {3} And did all eat the same spiritual meat; {4} And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. {5} But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. {6} Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. {7} Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. {8} Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. {9} Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. {13} There hath no temptation [peirasmos:G3986]  taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted [peirazo:G3985] above that ye are able; but will with the temptation [peirasmos:G3986]  also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it].” 


Hebrews 3:6-19 and 4:1-15, “But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. {7} Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation [peirasmos:G3986] in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. {10} Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways. {11} So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) {12} Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. {13} But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. {14} For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end; {15} While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. {16} For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. {17} But with whom was he grieved forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? {18} And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? {19} So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. {4:1} Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. {12} For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. {13} Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. {14} Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast [our] profession. {15} For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was [peirazo:G3985]  in all points tempted [peirazo:G3985]  like as [we are, yet] without sin.”


Amazingly (although we should’nt be amazed) Hebrews 3:7-11 (as well as Hebrews 4:7 and 11) is quoting Psalm 95:7-11, “For he [is] our God; and we [are] the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, [and] as [in] the day of temptation [maccah:H4531] in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. {10} Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: {11} Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.”


Another Word Bridge: [peirasmos:G3986]  versus [maccah:H4531] 


Is God trying to making a point? Most definitely, and please note the four-fold prohibition against “hardening one’s heart,” reminding us of many similar Scriptures that affirm the same truth, such as Proverbs 4:4, and 20-23,


“He taught me also, and said unto me, Let thine heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live. ... {20} My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings. {21} Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart. {22} For they [are] life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh. {23} Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.”


We also see another wonderful example of a “word bridge” between these two Greek passages and the Hebrew one, although for the sake of time, we’ll just focus on the word, “of temptation” (maccah:H4531) in Hebrew, which is found in four other references, besides Psalm 95:8,


Deuteronomy 4:32-34, “For ask now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and [ask] from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been [any such thing] as this great thing [is], or hath been heard like it? {33} Did [ever] people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live? {34} Or hath God assayed to go [and] take him a nation from the midst of [another] nation, by temptations,[maccah:H4531] by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the LORD your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? {35} Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the LORD he [is] God; [there is] none else beside him. {36} Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire; and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire. {37} And because he loved thy fathers, therefore he chose their seed after them, and brought thee out in his sight with his mighty power out of Egypt; {38} To drive out nations from before thee greater and mightier than thou [art], to bring thee in, to give thee their land [for] an inheritance, as [it is] this day. {39} Know therefore this day, and consider [it] in thine heart, that the LORD he [is] God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: [there is] none else. {40} Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes, and his commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolong [thy] days upon the earth, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, for ever.”


Deuteronomy 7:17-19 likewise makes this affirmation, in which this same word is rendered “temptations” in verse 19: “If thou shalt say in thine heart, These nations [are] more than I; how can I dispossess them? {18} Thou shalt not be afraid of them: [but] shalt well remember what the LORD thy God did unto Pharaoh, and unto all Egypt; {19} The great temptations [maccah:H4531] which thine eyes saw, and the signs, and the wonders, and the mighty hand, and the stretched out arm, whereby the LORD thy God brought thee out: so shall the LORD thy God do unto all the people of whom thou art afraid.”


Deuteronomy 29:1-6 employs this term as well in verse 3 as this chapter deals with both obedience and disobedience to the covenant or Gospel: “These [are] the words of the covenant, which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covenant which he made with them in Horeb. {2} And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, Ye have seen all that the LORD did before your eyes in the land of Egypt unto Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land; {3} The great temptations [maccah:H4531] which thine eyes have seen, the signs, and those great miracles: {4} Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day. {5} And I have led you forty years in the wilderness: your clothes are not waxen old upon you, and thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy foot. {6} Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye drunk wine or strong drink: that ye might know that I [am] the LORD your God.”


Lastly, in Job 9:17-35, this word is expressed as “at the trial” in verse 23; once again, we see Christ (typified by Job) under the wrath of God: “For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause. {18} He will not suffer me to take my breath, but filleth me with bitterness. {19} If [I speak] of strength, lo, [he is] strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time [to plead]? {20} If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: [if I say], I [am] perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. {21} [Though] I [were] perfect, [yet] would I not know my soul: I would despise my life. {22} This [is] one [thing], therefore I said [it], He destroyeth the perfect and the wicked. {23} If the scourge slay suddenly, he will laugh at the trial [maccah:H4531] of the innocent. {24} The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, [and] who [is] he? {25} Now my days are swifter than a post: they flee away, they see no good. {26} They are passed away as the swift ships: as the eagle [that] hasteth to the prey. {27} If I say, I will forget my complaint, I will leave off my heaviness, and comfort [myself]: {28} I am afraid of all my sorrows, I know that thou wilt not hold me innocent. {29} [If] I be wicked, why then labour I in vain? {30} If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean; {31} Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me. {32} For [he is] not a man, as I [am, that] I should answer him, [and] we should come together in judgment. {33} Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, [that] might lay his hand upon us both. {34} Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify me: {35} [Then] would I speak, and not fear him; but [it is] not so with me.


Out [ek:G1537] Of Temptations [peirasmos:G3986] (Cont.)


Let’s look at a few more illustrations which - as we read earlier in 1 Corinthians 10:11-13 - are “written for our admonition”: 


Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. {13} There hath no temptation [peirasmos:G3986] taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer [“allow”] you to be tempted [peirazo:G3985] above that ye are able; but will with the temptation [peirasmos:G3986]  also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it].” 


Along the same lines, Romans 15:4 is crucial to meditate upon: “For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning [“doctrine”], that we through patience  [hypomone:G5281] and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.”


This term also shows up twice in James 1:1-12, in verse 2 and 12: 


“James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. {2} My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations [peirasmos:G3986];  {3} Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith worketh patience. [hypomone:G5281]  {4} But let patience [hypomone:G5281] have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. {5}  If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. {6} But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. {7} For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. {8} A double minded man [is] unstable in all his ways. {9}  Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted: {10} But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away. {11} For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways. {12} Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation [peirasmos:G3986]: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.”


1 Peter 1:3-9 also incorporates this word in verse 6: “Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, {4} To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, {5} Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. {6} Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations [peirasmos:G3986]: {7} That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: {8} Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: {9} Receiving the end of your faith, [even] the salvation of [your] souls.”


Revelation 3:10 also reveals: “Because thou hast kept the word of my patience [hypomone:G5281] I also will keep thee from out of the hour [i.e., “the Great Tribulation”] of temptation, [peirasmos:GG3986] which shall come upon all the world, to try [peirazo:G3985] them that dwell upon the earth.”


So, once again we see how this word, “patience” (hypomone:G5281) is inextricably linked to the “temptation” or “trial” that God’s elect are currently enduring as they wait upon the LORD for the completion of their salvation. Is it any wonder that we also read in Luke 21:15-19, and 25-28, 


“For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist. {16} And ye shall be betrayed both by parents, and brethren, and kinsfolks, and friends; and [some] of you shall they cause to be put to death. {17} And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake. {18} But there shall not an hair of your head perish. {19} In your patience [hypomone:G5281]  possess ye your souls. ... {25} And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; {26} Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. {27} And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. {28} And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.”

On that very encouraging note, let’s stop here, and we’ll pick this up in our next study.





  2 Peter 2 - Part 12

Air Date: November 19, 2017



“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: {10} But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; {13} And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; {14} Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: {15} Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; {16} But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.”


And [de: G1161] To Reserve [tereo:G5083]


Last Sunday we left off at the second  part of verse 9, which states: “...and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”  The  next word, “to reserve”  we discussed previously in verse 4,


“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast ‭them‭ down to hell, and delivered ‭them‭ into chains of darkness, to be reserved [tereo:G5083] unto 

judgment.”


When we get to verse 17, we’ll see it again, translated as “is reserved”: 


“These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved [tereo:G5083] for ever.”


The Unjust [adikos:G94]


This is also the case with the word, “the unjust” which we have also reviewed before, so we won’t delve into that, other than to say that it appears in one other place in the books of 1 and 2 Peter  (although it surfaces in other books) - 1 Peter 3:18 


“For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust [adikos:G94] that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:”


The Day [hemera:H2250] Of Judgment [krisis:G2920]


We are quite familiar with the two-worded  Greek expression: “the day of judgment,” as we are living in this very day - the final “time and season” that God has revealed to His elect people. Individually, these two terms surfaced previously in verses 4 and 8 respectively:


“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment [krisis (“kreesees”):G2920]; ... {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day [hemera (“haymayrah”):H2250] to day [hemera:H2250] with [their] unlawful deeds;)”


However, these two terms appear together in 9 passages, and we’ll consider a few of them. As it tunes out, we see them together the most number of times in the book of Matthew: 


Matthew 10:15 acknowledges: “Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920], than for that city.”


Similarly, in Matthew 11:22 and 24 we learn: “But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920], than for you. ... {24} But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920], than for thee.”


Matthew 12:36 adds, “But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment.” [krisis:G2920]


Jude 1:6 also states: “And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment [krisis:G2920] of the great day.” [hemera:H2250] 



One of the characteristics of the day of judgment is embodied in 1 John 4:17, “Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920]: because as he is, so are we in this world.”


A Closer Look At 1 John 4:17


I would like to take a closer look at 1 John 4:17, as it relates to our day, and I think it would be helpful to be reminded of some of the spiritual implications that God has hidden in this verse. We understand from 2 Peter 2:9 - “The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations [or “trial”], and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:” - that both the elect as well as the non-elect are on two different sets of tracks during the present “day of judgment,” and they are experiencing two distinct spiritual realities. The non-elect are under the wrath of God, and God is scrutinizing and highlighting their sins openly for all the world to see; they brazenly display their hatred for God and His Word by plunging deeper and deeper into sin, and thanks to the instant communication process that God has allowed mankind to devlop in recent times, God is highlighting their wickedness, as never before in human history. On the other hand the elect - who like Lot - are being “vexed” by all this on a daily basis, are also undergoing an ongoing and ever increasing “fiery trial” of faith initiated by God to openly ascertain, if they are indeed “...gold, silver, and precious stones…,” as they emerge from the blast furnace as “a vessel for the finer” (according to Proverbs 25:4, “Take away the dross from the silver, and there shall come forth a vessel for the finer.”) or merely, “...wood, hay, and stubble…” which will be burned up after awile, since God Himself is “ a consuming fire,” as Hebrews 12:29 declares, which quotes (in part) Deuteronomy 4:24,


“For the LORD thy God [is] a consuming fire, [even] a jealous God.”


I’ll repeat 1 John 4:17, and verse 18, since they contain some of the same terms, and complement each other:


 “Herein is our love [agape:G26] made perfect [teleioo:G5048], that we may have boldness [parresia:G3954] in the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920]: because as [kathos:G2531] he [ekeinos:G1565] is [esti:G2076], so [kai:G2532] are [esmen:G2070] we [hemeis:G2249] in this world. {18} There is no fear [phobos:G5401] in love [agape:G26]; but perfect love [agape:G26] casteth [ballo:G906] out [exo:G1854] fear [phobos:G5401]: because fear [phobos:G5401] hath torment. [kolasis:G2851] [de:G1161] He that feareth [phobeo:G5399] is not made perfect [teleioo:G5048] in love.” [agape:G26] 

 “Herein Is Our love [agape:G26] Made Perfect [teleioo:G5048]


The two expresions “Herein is our love” and “made perfect” are repeated at the beginning of verse 17 and at the end of verse 18; they appear together in the following references:


1 John 2:5 maintains, “But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is [teleioo:G5048] the love [agape:G26]  of God perfected  [teleioo:G5048]: hereby know we that we are in him.”


And 1 John 4:12 stipulates, “No man hath seen God at any time. If we love [agape:G26]  one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected  [teleioo:G5048]in us.”


In these two citations we find, among other truths, that God’s love is “perfected” or “fulfilled” in the life of an elect child of God by “keeping” or obeying God’s Word, and by “loving” the brethren.


Boldness [parresia:G3954]


The term, “boldness” is predominantly rendered this way, but also as “confidence” and “plainly”:


John 16:25 renders his word as, “plainly”: “These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly [parresia:G3954] of the Father.”


In Ephesians 6:19, it is translated as “boldly”: “And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, [parresia:G3954] to make known the mystery of the gospel,”


Hebrews 3:6, on the other hand, expresses it as “confidence”: “But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence [G3954] and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.”


Hebrews 10:35 likewise states: “Cast not away therefore your confidence, [parresia:G3954] which hath great recompence of reward.”


1 John 2:28 adds, “And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, [parresia:G3954] and not be ashamed before him at his coming.”


One other reference is1 John 5:14, which is also rendered as “confidence”: “And this is the confidence [parresia:G3954] that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:”


As [kathos:G2531] He [ekeinos:G1565] Is [esti:G2076]


The expression, “as he is” - made up of three words - is referring to the Lord Jesus, and it only appears again in 1 John 3:3 and 7, and notice the Greek adjectives that reveal two of Christ’s divine characteristics: “pure”  and “righteous.”


“And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure. [hagnos:G53] ... {7} Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous.” [dikaios:G1342]


The term, “righteous” is the identical word that surfaces in 2 Peter 2:7-8 three times in connection with Lot: 


“And delivered just [dikaios:G1342] Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man [dikaios:G1342] dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous [dikaios:G1342] soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;)”


Please note the term, “soul” in the phrase “his righteous soul,” as each believer is made righteous in their souls, and not in their bodies, until the resurrection of their bodies takes place - namely, their glorification - as we read in verse 30 of Romans 8:28-30,


“And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. {29} For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. {30} Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.” [doxazo:G1392 - stems from (doxa:G1392) - rendered primarily as “glorify” - the first part (“doxa”) of our English word, “doxology.”]


I’ll read 1 John 4:17-18 again: 


 “Herein is our love [agape:G26] made perfect [teleioo:G5048], that we may have boldness [parresia:G3954] in the day [hemera:H2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920]: because as [kathos:G2531] he [ekeinos:G1565] is [esti:G2076], so [kai:G2532] are [esmen:G2070] we [hemeis:G2249] in this world. {18} There is no fear [phobos:G5401] in love [agape:G26]; but perfect love [agape:G26] casteth [ballo:G906] out [exo:G1854] fear [phobos:G5401]: because fear [phobos:G5401] hath torment. [kolasis:G2851] [de:G1161] He that feareth [phobeo:G5399] is not made perfect [teleioo:G5048] in love.” [agape:G26] 


 So [kai:G2532] Are [esmen:G2070] We [hemeis:G2249] 


It’s significant that God has crafted these two phrases side by side... 



 As [kathos:G2531] He [ekeinos:G1565] Is [esti:G2076] 


AND


So [kai:G2532] Are [esmen:G2070] We [hemeis:G2249] (In This World)


...in the way that He has, particularly as we have been learning that Christ’s completed Body on earth (since May 21, 2011) are being “manifested” (2 Corinthians 5:10) or on display, and that would also include the fact that they are “filling up the sufferings of Christ” (Colossians 1:24) as well. This is in stark contrast to what God is doing by exposing and underscoring the sins of various sectors in society at large, as part of His overall plan for “the day of judgment,” as we read in verse 15 of Revelation 19:11-18, in which the term “rule” (poimaino:G4165) is used 11 times: 4 times as “rule” and 7 times as “feed.” This again underscores the delineation between the electm - who are being fed and nourished by the Word of God - and the non-elect who are being ruled over and judged simultaneously by the Word of God:


Revelation 19:11-18, “And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. {12}  His eyes [were] as a flame of fire, and on his head [were] many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. {13} And he [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. {14} And the armies [which were] in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. {15} And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule [poimaino:G4165] them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. {16} And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. {17} And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; {18} That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all [men, both] free and bond, both small and great.”


1 John 4:18


Let’s now examine verse 18 of 1 John 4. One of the reasons we have taken this little detour to investigate 1 John 4:17-18 is because we are discussing the phrase, “the day of judgment” in 2 Peter 2:9b,


“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: 


Also we are encountering (over and over again) the division or dichotomy of the two main classes of people on planet earth - the elect and the non-elect. In the process, God is also revealing more and more how He is dealing with each of them, and of course fine tuning our understanding of the truths we have been learning, as well as new information that He wants His people to know, prior to the ushering in of the “New Heavens and New Earth” at the end of this prolonged “fiery trial.”


1 John 4:18, “There is no fear [phobos:G5401] in love [agape:G26]; but perfect love [agape:G26] casteth [ballo:G906] out [exo:G1854] fear [phobos:G5401]: because fear [phobos:G5401] hath torment. [kolasis:G2851] [de:G1161] He that feareth [phobeo:G5399] is not made perfect [teleioo:G5048] in love.” [agape:G26] 


No Fear In Love... Because Fear Hath Torment


In this verse we discover that “There is no fear in love...because fear hath torment” How are we to understand this spiritually? In what way, does “fear” (phobos:G5401) “hath torment” (kolasis:G2851)? These two expressions are only found together in this verse, so we will have to treat them separately; let’s start with “torment” first:


Torment [kolasis:G2851]


This word, translated “torment” crops up one other time as “punishment” in verse 36 of Matthew 25:32-46, in yet another reference that is emphasizing the opposite characteristics of both the elect and the non-elect:


“And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats: {33} And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. {34} Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: {35} For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: {36} Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. {37} Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed [thee]? or thirsty, and gave [thee] drink? {38}  When saw we thee a stranger, and took [thee] in? or naked, and clothed [thee]? {39}  Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? {40} And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me. {41} Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: {42} For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: {43} I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. {44} Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? {45} Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did [it] not to one of the least of these, ye did [it] not to me. {46} And these shall go away into everlasting punishment [kolasis:G2851]: but the righteous into life eternal.” 


The Root Word [kolazo:G2849] For Torment 


Interestingly enough, it turns out that the root word for “torment” [which is “kolazo” (G2849)] takes us right back to 2 Peter 2:9 - one of only two places in which it appears - and it is the next word that we want to consider, and the last word in 2 Peter 2:9; it is rendered as “to be punished”: 


“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: [kolazo:G2849] 


The other Scripture is verse 21 of Acts 4:8-22, “Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, {9} If we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is made whole; {10} Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole. {11} This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. {12} Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. {13} Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. {14} And beholding the man which was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it. {15} But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves, {16} Saying, What shall we do to these men? for that indeed a notable miracle hath been done by them [is] manifest to all them that dwell in Jerusalem; and we cannot deny [it]. {17} But that it spread no further among the people, let us straitly threaten them, that they speak henceforth to no man in this name. {18} And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. {19} But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. {20} For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard. {21} So when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding nothing how they might punish them, because of the people: for all [men] glorified God for that which was done. {22} For the man was above forty years old, on whom this miracle of healing was shewed.”


I think we’ll stop here today, and Lord willling, next Sunday start with verse 10, “But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government.”










2 Peter 2 - Part 13

November 26, 2017




“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: {10} But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; {13} And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; {14} Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: {15} Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; {16} But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.”


In our last study, we finished with verse 9. I do want to point something out before we move on to verse 10, and that has to do with the fact that verse 4-10 is one long sentence, beginning with the phrase “For if God spared not…” in verse 4 and culminating with “The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations…” which we considered last Sunday in some detail; I’ll read verses 4-9, 


For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:


We recognize that whatever God says - with regard to the elect as well as the non-elect - will assuredly take place! We can have the utmost confidence in the Word of God, as we read, for instance, in Numbers 23:19,  


“God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?”


Starting in verse 10 and down to the end of the chapter we will discover numerous attributes of these “false prophets” and “false teachers”  Let’s consider the first part of verse 10,


But [de:G1161] Chiefly [malista:G3122] Them That Walk [poreuo:G4198] After [opiso:G3694] The Flesh [sarx:G4561]


Chiefly [malista:G3122]


The term “chiefly” is an adverb, which is primarily rendered as “specially” or “especially,” twice it is translated as “chiefly,” as in our verse, and once as “most of all.”  The following are some examples of how God has chosen to use this word: 


In Acts 20:17-18 and 25-28 we read the account of Paul’s last encounter with the elders of the church at Ephesus, in which this term appears in verse 28 as “most of all”:  “And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church. {18} And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons...{25} And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more. {26} Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I [am] pure from the blood of all [men]. {27} For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God. {28} Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. {29} For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. {30} Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. {31} Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears. {32} And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. {33} I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel. {34} Yea, ye yourselves know, that these hands have ministered unto my necessities, and to them that were with me. {35} I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. {36} And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled down, and prayed with them all. {37} And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him, {38} Sorrowing most of all [malista:G3122] for the words which he spake, that they should see his face no more. And they accompanied him unto the ship.”


This historical parable foreshadows the end of the church age, and Paul exemplifies the Lord Jesus Christ Himself - whom the Ephesians would never see again - because Christ would abandon all the churches and denominations worldwide, without exception on May 21, 1988, which ended the “space to repent” window, which occurred during the 1955 years of the church age. What we read in Acts 20 about the church of Ephesus is corroborated by Revelation 2:1-5,


“Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks; {2} I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars: {3} And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted. {4} Nevertheless I have [somewhat] against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. {5} Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.”


Matthew 7:15-23 speaks directly to this isuue in no uncertain terms, and highlights what we are learning in 2 Peter 2: 


Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. {16} Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? {17} Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. {18} A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither [can] a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. {19} Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. {20} Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. {21} Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. {22} Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? {23} And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.


 1 Timothy 4:1-10 is similar to what we read here is 2 Peter 2, and is verse 10 the term, “chiefly” is translated, “specially”: “Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; {2} Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; {3} Forbidding to marry, [and commanding] to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. {4} For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: {5} For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. {6} If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained. {7} But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself [rather] unto godliness. {8} For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. {9} This [is] a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation.{10} For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially [malista:G3122] of those that believe.”


The little word, “all” in verse 10 is highly significant, as God is underscoring that it is  “all” the elect for whom Christ made atonement for prior to Creation, in order to be their Saviour. 


We also discover the term, “specially” in Titus 1:10-16, where is surfaces in verse 10: “For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially [malista:G3122] they of the circumcision: {11} Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake. {12} One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies. {13} This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith; {14} Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth. {15} Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. {16} They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.


Them That Walk [poreuo:G4198] After [opiso:G3694] The Flesh [sarx:G4561]


The three words “them that walk after the flesh” are only found together in our verse, so we will have to treat them separately.


Them That Walk [poreuo:G4198] 


The expression “walking” can be used in the literal sense, as we see from Matthew 8:9, concerning the Roman centurion, in which this word is found twice as “go” and “goeth,” and in the main, this is how this word is predominantly translated:


“For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this [man], Go, [poreuo:G4198] and he goeth; [poreuo:G4198] and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth [it].”


But as you know this historical parable is really teaching us about God’s sovreignity in the matter of salvation.


However in Luke 1:5-7 we learn the following regarding the parents of John the Baptist, and their spiritual status before God, reminding us of Abraham and Sarah as well. In verse 6 this word is rendered as “walking”:  “There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife [was] of the daughters of Aaron, and her name [was] Elisabeth. {6} And they were both righteous before God, walking [poreuo:G4198] in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.  {7} And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were [now] well stricken in years. ”


1 Peter 4:3, also translates this term as “when we walked,” emphasizing the former life of of God’s elect, prior to salvation: “For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked [poreuo:G4198] in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:”


2 Peter 3:1-4 explains that this sin is typical for the “last days,” and in verse 3 God associates that with the sin of doubting His return: “ This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in [both] which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: {2} That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour: {3} Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking [poreuo:G4198] after their own lusts, {4} And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation.” (In geology the difference between “uniformatarianisn” and “catastrophism” - both of which emerged in science in the late 1700’s; Hutton vs. Cuvier)


Jude 11, 16, and 18 contain this same word as well; I’ll read from verses 11-19: “Woe unto them! for they have gone [poreuo:G4198] in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core. [Korah] {12} These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots; {13} Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever. {14} And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, {15} To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him. {16} These are murmurers, complainers, walking [poreuo:G4198] after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage. {17} But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ; {18} How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who should walk [poreuo:G4198] after their own ungodly lusts. {19} These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.”


 After [opiso:G3694] The Flesh [sarx:G4561]


The two terms, “after” and “the flesh”  surface together in Jude 7, and I’ll read down to verse 10, in this book which is so parallel to 2 Peter 2:


“Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after [opiso:G3694] strange flesh [sarx:G4561], are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. {8} Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. {9} Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. {10} But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.”


Incidentally, and I’ll just mention this in passing, that another phrase within verse 7 is noteworthy from a different vantage point - having to do with the misunderstood doctrine of “eternal fire” (or “hell”): “Even as Sodom and Gomorrah… are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. 


The next phrase that we want to turn our attention to in verse 10 is, “in the lust,” but we have already examined these  two words  back in 2 Peter 1:4, and in a few of today’s verses on “walking” earlier (1 Peter 4:3 and Jude 18) so I won’t go over that material again other than to quote 2 Peter 1:4,


“Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through [en:G1722] lust.” [epithymia:G1939] 



Of Uncleaness [miasmos:G3394]


That brings us to the next word, “of uncleaness,” which is only found here (as a Greek noun), but its root word is (miaino:G3392), and it is found 5 times in the following four verses, and always as some form of the verb, “defile”:


John 18:28 speaks of being ceremonially “unclean”: “Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; [miaino:G3392] but that they might eat the passover.”


Titus 1:15 maintains “Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled [miaino:G3392] and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.” [miaino:G3392]


Hebrews 12:15, “Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;” [miaino:G3392]


Jude 1:8, “Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile [miaino:G3392] the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities”


The Lord Jesus elaborates on the Biblical definition of “defilement” [even though the Greek word that is employed is different - (koinoo:G2840)] in Matthew 15:1-20, which the scribes and Pharisees could not understand, as Jesus explained (in John 8:43 ): “Why do ye not understand my speech, [even] because ye cannot hear my word”:


“Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying, {2} Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. {3} But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition? {4} For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. {5} But ye say, Whosoever shall say to [his] father or [his] mother, [It is] a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; {6} And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. {7} [Ye] hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, {8} This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with [their] lips; but their heart is far from me. {9} But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men. {10} And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand : {11} Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth [koinoo:G2840] a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth [koinoo:G2840] a man. {12} Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying? {13} But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up. {14} Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. {15} Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable. {16} And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding? {17} Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught? {18} But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile [koinoo:G2840] the man. {19} For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: {20} These are [the things] which defile [koinoo:G2840] a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth [koinoo:G2840] not a man.”


And [kai:G2532] Despise [kataphroneo:G2706] Government [kyriotes:G2963]


The next phrase is also made up of three words, which only appear together in this verse, so we can consider them individually; let’s begin by first looking at this term, “government,” which crops up in three other citations; incidentally, it is derived from the root word, rendered “Lord” or “master” (kyrios:G2962):


Please note the threefold emphasis that Paul, under divine inspiration, includes in his prayer for the elect in the church at Ephesus in Ephesians 1:15-23; the word, “dominion” is included in verse 23:


 “Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints, {16} Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers; {17} That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: {18} The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, {19} And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, {20} Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places], {21} Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, [kyriotes:G2963] and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: {22} And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church, {23} Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.”


Colossians 1:16 adds, “Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: {16} For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, [kyriotes:G2963] or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: {17} And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. {18} And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence. {19} For it pleased [the Father] that in him should all fulness dwell; 


And Jude 1:8 futher maintains: “Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, [kyriotes:G2963] and speak evil of dignities.”


“Dominion,” or “government” ultimately has to do with God’s chain of authority which He has established between Himself and His elect Bride all the way down to the various levels of government, and finally in the family which is the “building block” of society, Romans 13:1-8 declares that all authority - spiritual or secular - is rooted in God’s Word:


“Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. {2} Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. {3} For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same: {4} For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to [execute] wrath upon him that doeth evil. {5} Wherefore [ye] must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake. {6} For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing. {7} Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour. {8} Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.”


Despise [kataphroneo:G2706]


So, to despise “government,” as this verse states, is really to disobey what God has decreed (unless it violates the “higher law” of Scripture). This term is mentioned in 8 other citations; here are a few to consider:


Luke 16:13 sets forth an important Biblical principle: “No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise [kataphroneo:G2706] the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.”


In Romans 2:1-6, this word shows up in verse 4: “Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. {2} But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things. {3} And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God? {4} Or despisest thou [kataphroneo:G2706] the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?  {5} But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; {6} Who will render to every man according to his deeds:” 


Hebrews 12:2 utilizes it as well, even though this is a study in itself, and having to do with the subject of “shame,” and what that entails spiritually: “Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, {2} Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising [kataphroneo:G2706] the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.”


I think we’ll stop here today, and pick up the rest of verse 10 in our next study, with regard to the remaining words in this verse: “... Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.”


So, let’s see what questions we have today, and Lord willing, I will try to provide an answer from Scripture, as we know that any true understanding is a gift from God, and is only found in the Bible, as one compares “spiritual with spiritual,” always keeping in mind if it is God’s will and good pleasure to open our minds to His truth, as we read in Luke 24:27 and 44-45,


“And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. ... {44} And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me. {45} Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,










2 Peter 2 - Part 14

Air Date: December 3, 2017




“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: {10} But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; {13} And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; {14} Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: {15} Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; {16} But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.”


Last Sunday we left off at the last part of verse 10, which states:  “...Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities,” which is comprised of 6 words, and only the last two - “speak evil of dignities” - are found in some other passages as well. The other 4 words we will have to consider individually, beginning with the term “Presumptuous,” which is only used here in the entire New Testament.


Presumptuous [tolmetes:G5113]


In order to get a better understanding of the spiritual meaning of this Greek noun, it’s necessary to examine its root word, which is found 16 times in the following ways: “durst” (7x), “dare” (4x), “be bold” (4x) and once as “boldly.” Consider the following citations which include this Greek verb (tolmao:G5111):


In Mark 15:42-46, we learn what Joseph of Arimathaea did after the crucifixion, and in verse 43 this expression is translated as “boldly”:  “And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, [Another example of a “definition verse”] {43} Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly [tolmao:G5111] unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. {44} And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling [unto him] the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. {45} And when he knew [it] of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. {46} And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre. ”


This word is also incorporated in Acts 7, which is Stephen’s testimony and rehearsal of God’s dealings with national Israel, in front of the “council” (according to Acts 6:12 and 15) and in verse 32 it is rendered as “and durst”: “And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush. {31} When Moses saw [it], he wondered at the sight: and as he drew near to behold [it], the voice of the Lord came unto him, {32} [Saying], I [am] the God of thy fathers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Then Moses trembled, and durst [tolmao:G5111]  not behold. {33} Then said the Lord to him, Put off thy shoes from thy feet: for the place where thou standest is holy ground. {34} I have seen, I have seen the affliction of my people which is in Egypt, and I have heard their groaning, and am come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send thee into Egypt. {35} This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send [to be] a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush. {36} He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years.”


Romans 5:6-11, is another portion of Scripture that includes this word, which is rendered in verse 7 as “would dare”: “For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. {7} For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would [tolmao:G5111] G0 even dare [tolmao:G5111] to die. {8} But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. {9} Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. {10} For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. {11} And not only [so], but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.”


Next let’s consider 2 Corinthians 10:1-12, in which this word surfaces in verse 2 as “to be bold,” and in verse 12 as “dare”: “Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold [tharreo:G2292] toward you: {2} But I beseech [you], that I may not be bold [tharreo:G2292] when I am present with that confidence [pepoithesis:G4006], wherewith I think to be bold [tolmao:G5111] against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh. {3} For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: {4} (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) {5} Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ; {6} And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled. [cf. Hebrews 10:36] {7} Do ye look on things after the outward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he [is] Christ's, even so [are] we Christ's. {8} For though I should boast [kauchaomai:G2744] somewhat more of our authority, which the Lord hath given us for edification, and not for your destruction, I should not be ashamed: {9} That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters. {10} For [his] letters, say they, [are] weighty and powerful; but [his] bodily presence [is] weak, and [his] speech contemptible. {11} Let such an one think this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such [will we be] also in deed when we are present. {12} For we dare [tolmao:G5111] not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise. {13} But we will not boast [kauchaomai:G2744]  of things without [our] measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even unto you. {13} But we will not boast of things without [our] measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even unto you. {14} For we stretch not ourselves beyond [our measure], as though we reached not unto you: for we are come as far as to you also in [preaching] the gospel of Christ: {15} Not boasting [kauchaomai:G2744] of things without [our] measure, [that is], of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly, {16} To preach the gospel in the [regions] beyond you, [and] not to boast [kauchaomai:G2744] in another man's line of things made ready to our hand. {17} But he that glorieth [kauchaomai:G2744], let him glory [kauchaomai:G2744] in the Lord. {18} For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.”


Incidentally, there is a usage of three other unrelated Greek words that are similar to this word G5111 in this chapter; they are: G2292, G4006, and G2744. We are curious as to why God might have done this, in this fashion, but that is a Bible study in itself, and beyond the scope of our discussion, but I wanted to being it to your attention. Some of you might want to look at this more closely, if you feel so inclined.


Philippians 1:12-18 is another reference, in which G5111 is rendered as “bold” again: “But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things [which happened] unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel;  {13} So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other [places]; {14} And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold [tolmao:G5111] to speak the word without fear. {15} Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will: {16} The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds: {17} But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel. {18} What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice.”


Lastly please note Jude 1:9, in which this term is translated again as “durst” in this little book that is so parallel to 2 Peter 2: “Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst [tolmao:G5111] not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.”


Additionally, I would like to point out that G5111 also has a “grandparent” word which is “telos”(G5056), which helps us to perhaps get a clearer picture of the spiritual dimension that God has hidden in this term, “presumptuous” or “durst”/ “dare.” It brought to mind the passage in 2 Timothy 3:1-9, relating to the time of the Great Tribulation, in which 26 [13 - (“pointing to the end of the world”) X 2 (“doubled”)] sins are listed:


“This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. {2} For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, {3} Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, {4} Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; {5} Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. {6} For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts, {7} Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth. {8} Now as Jannes and Jambres [apparently these names are of Egyptian origen, which is why it is thought they they were the magicians who tried to imitate Aaron’s miracle in Exodus 7:8-12?] withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith. {9} But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest [ekdelos:G1552 a compound word signifying “evident” or “certain”] unto all [men], as theirs also was.”



This word,“telos”(G5056)  is utilized 42* times in the following ways:  end(35x), custom (3x), and once as uttermost,” “finally,” ending,” and “continual,” as the following passages illustrate, in which we find some very notable and familiar Scriptures that relate to the time of the end, which are very helpful for us to keep in mind because they have to do with the day of salvation, the Great Tribulation, and the day of judgment that we find ourselves presently in. It is actually astounding that in our lifetime we have travelled through three different spiritual “time” zones! Throughout history most people lived out their lives in one particular “time and season,” such as national Israel or the church age, but we are living at a time when everything seems to be accelerating at breakneck speed: sin, judgment, the unsealing of Biblical truth, as well as the exponential growth in knowledge and technology in the world at large...and yet, mankind rushes pell mell to its rendezvous with death and annihilation. This is lengthy, and will take us to the end of our lesson, but I think it is critical that we exposed to these verses again and again, becuase we are living in the time when many have gone back to their churches, or the world, and so these passages have tremendous relevance for each of us:


Matthew 24:13-14, “But he that shall endure unto the end, [telos:G5056] the same shall be saved. {14} And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end [telos:G5056] come.”


Mark 3:26, “And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end.” [telos:G5056]


Luke 18:5, “Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual [telos:G5056] coming she weary me.”


Luke 22:37, “For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.” [telos:G5056]


John 13:1, “Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.” [telos:G5056]


A very sobering, but extremely pertinent passage is also found in 1 Corinthians 10:1-14, in which this word is translated again as “the ends” in verse 11: “Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; {2} And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; {3} And did all eat the same spiritual meat; {4} And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. {5} But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. {6} Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. {7} Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. {8} Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. {9} Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.  {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends [telos:G5056] of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. {13} There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it]. {14} Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.”


In line with our present topic of “false teachers” and “false prophets,” 2 Corinthians 11:13-15 makes this stinging assessment, regarding what took place during the Great Tribulation within all churches and denominations, worldwide, and without exception: “For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. {14} And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.{15} Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end [telos:G5056] shall be according to their works.


Philippians 3:17-19 offers this fearful admonition: “Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample. {18} (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ: {19} Whose end [telos:G5056] [is] destruction [apoleia:G684], whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)”


We noted this word, “apoleia”(G684) in verses 1-3 of our current chapter, in which this appears 4: 


“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable [apoleia: G684] heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. [apoleia:G684] {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; [apoleia:G684] by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation [apoleia:G684] slumbereth not.”


Hebrews 3:6-19 and 4:1-11 cannot be emphasized enough, and G5056 is seen in verse 14 as “the end”: “But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. {7} Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, {8} Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: {9} When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. {10} Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways. {11} So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) {12} Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. {13} But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. {14} For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;” [telos:G5056] {15} While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. {16} For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. {17} But with whom was he grieved forty years? [was it] not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? {18} And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? {19} So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. {4:1} Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. {2} For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. {3} For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. {4} For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. {5} And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. {6} Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. {9} There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. {10} For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his. {11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.” 


Hebrews 6:8-12, “For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receiveth blessing from God: {8} But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [telos:G5056] [is] to be burned. {9} But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. {10} For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. {11} And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end: {12} That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.


Hebrews 7:3, “For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; {2} To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; {3} Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end [G5056] of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.”


James 5:8-11, in which this term, “the end” appears in verse 11: “Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. {9} Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door. {10} Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. {11}Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end [telos:G5056] of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.


Lastly, Revelation 1:8 gloriously proclaims: “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, [telos:G5056] saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.”


*  (which by the way is a significant number in the Bible):


Revelation 11:3 points to the duration of the church age, in which 42 months = 1260 days. “And I will give [power] unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.”


42 months is also utilized in connection with the 23-year Great Tribulation (or 8400 days) in Revelation 13:1-8, and in verse 5 the term “forty and two months” surfaces: 


“And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. {2} And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as [the feet] of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority. {3} And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast. {4} And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who [is] like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? {5} And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty [and] two months. {6} And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. {7} And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. {8} And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”



Let’s stop here, and Lord willing, we will continue looking at the rest of verse 10 next Lord’s Day.








2 Peter 2 - Part 15

February 11, 2017


“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: {10} But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; {13} And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; {14} Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: {15} Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; {16} But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.”


In our last study we left off at verse 10, so today we’ll pick up with the term “self-willed,” in this list of 30 (3 = “purpose” and 10 = “the perfection of whatever is is view”) characteristics of false prophets, according to my count.


Selfwilled [authades:G829]


This term, “selfwilled” only appears in Titus 1:17, in the list of qualifications of a “bishop” or “overseer,” during the “time and season” of the church age, which lasted 1955 years, from May 22, 33 AD - May 21, 1988:


“For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled [authades:G829], not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;”


This word, “selfwilled” (G829) is a compound word that is comprised of the word “self” (autos:G846) and a word for “lusts” or “pleasures” (hedone:G2237 - where our English word, “hedonism” or “hedonistic” is derived from); in fact we find this same term, rendered as “pleasure” in verse 13 of 2 Peter 2,


“And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it [“as”] pleasure [hedone:G2237] to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;”


They Are Not [ou:G3756] Afraid [tremo:G5141] To Speak Evil [blasphemeo:G987]


The next phrase that we want to consider is “...they are not afraid to speak evil…” which is made up of three words, and they only appear together in this passage. 


They Are Not [ou:G3756] Afraid [tremo:G5141] 


The two terms, “they are not” (ou:G3756) and “afraid” (tremo:G5141) only appear together again in Luke 8:47; however, in this case it is expressed as a positive, and not a negative:


Luke 8:43-48 reveals, “And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any, {44} Came behind [him], and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched. {45} And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press [thee], and sayest thou, Who touched me? {46} And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me. {47} And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling [tremo:G5141], and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. {48} And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace.”


The heart attitude that one sees in this woman is that of “trembling” spiritually (and of course in the historical setting, physically as she had been “discovered”) as we read, for example, in Isaiah 66:2, which is a wonderful reminder of the new nature that God placed within the souls of His elect, as a result of regeneration, during that “time and season” of salvation which lasted 13,023 years:


“For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.


We have encountered the word “speak evil” (blasphemeo:G987 - where our English word, “blaspheme” is derived from), in verse 2 of this chapter, and we'll see it again, in verse 12; in both cases, they are translated as “shall be evil spoken of” and “speak evil” respectively, and these citations give us further insight into the degree of arrogance and pride which with the non-elect - and specifically these “false teachers” - do not understand and malign the Scriptures, 


“And many shall follow their pernicious [apoleia:H684 - rendered four times in the first three verses of 2 Peter 2 -  as “damnable,” pernicious,” “destructive,” and “damnation”] ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. [blasphemeo:G987] ... {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil [blasphemeo:G987] of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;”


The lack of spiritual understanding” that these “false teachers” possess (and exhibit) is referred to in another citation, in 2 Peter 3:16-17, which includes a very serious admonition for each of us today as well, as Peter - under divine inspiration - is commenting on Paul’s writings - also under divine inspiration (and that’s really the key, as you will recall from 2 Peter 1:21, “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.”


2 Peter 3:16-17 affirms: “As also in all [his] epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. {17} Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know [these things] before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.”


We note the seriousness of this command in our “day of judgment” to not “fall away” (Luke 8:13) or “look back” (like Lot’s wife - Genesis 19:26 and Luke 17:32), Luke 9:62, or “draw back” (Hebrews 10:38-39)


I know I’m deviating a bit, but let’s go over these passages for a moment as they are critically important, as many who claim to be so called “true believers” in our day, will not endure to the end (as Matthew 24:13 explains, “But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.”); we also have to remember that God has to be the One who “keeps” us faithful, as we read in the closing benediction in Jude 24-25 (“Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present [you] faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, {25} To the only wise God our Saviour, [be] glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.”)


In the parable of the “Sower” in Luke 8:13 we read: “They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.” [aphistemi:G868]


Genesis 19:26, “But his wife looked back [nabat:H5027] from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.” 


Luke 17:32, “Remember Lot's wife.”


Luke 9:62, likewise presents this ominous warning: “And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking [blepo:G991] back [eis:G1519], is fit for the kingdom of God.”


Hebrews 10:38-39, “Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back [hypostello:G5288], my soul shall have no pleasure in him. {39} But we are not of them who draw back [hypostole:G5289 - from the root G5288] unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.”


2 Peter 2:11


Well, let’s move on to verse 11, which states: “Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.”


Angels [aggelos:G32]


We have already considered the word, “angels” or “messengers” earlier in this chapter when we were discussing in verse 4, referring to the angels that sinned, along with Satan: 


“For if God spared not the angels [aggelos:G32] that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;”


Keep in mind that this word, “angels”  can relate to “good or evil angels,” the elect, or even to God Himself. 


In one of our previous lessons I made the point that verses 4-9 of 2 Peter 2 chronicle God’s judgments against the fallen angels, the world of Noah’s day, as well as Sodom and Gomorrah, contrasting those particular judgments with the wonderful deliverance He provided for Lot (and of course Noah and his family), and which extends to His people presently during our “time and season” as verse 10 so beautifully confirms, and which comports with so many other verses that reiterate God’s incomprehensible faithfulness and goodness to His people, which we have discussed in some of our previous studies: 


“The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:” 


A similar three-fold portrayal of judgment is found in Jude 5-7, (slightly different: those who “believed not” in Egypt, instead of the flood account)


“I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not. {6} And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. {7} Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.”


I’m not exactly sure who the “angels” (this is a plural word) in verse 11 are. We do recognize that in the book of Job, the one bringing accusations against Job (a type of Christ) is Satan, according to Job 1:6-11,


“Now there was a day when the sons [ben:H1121] of God [elohiym:H430 - God plural] came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. {7} And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. {8} And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that [there is] none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? {9} Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? {10} Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. {11} But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. {12} And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath [is] in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.”


We also read in Jude 8-10 which again parallels what we are reading in 2 Peter 2:10-12,


“Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. {9} Yet Michael [Who is Christ] the archangel [archaggelos:G743 - better translated, “chief messenger”], when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. {10} But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.”


I’ll read 10-12 again in 2 Peter 2,


“But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;”


Let’s stop here, and Lord willing, we will pick this up next Sunday: