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A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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2 Peter 2 - Part 34

July 22, 2018


2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water [anydros:G504], clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets - “WOLVES IN SHEEP’S CLOTHING” 
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


  • We are continuing our examination of the word, “dry” or “without water” (anydros:G504) in 2 Peter 2:17, which has led us to “the parable of the man with an unclean spirit.”
  • Today we want to investigate the terms in the last verse of this parable in the Luke 11 account, which is verse 26. 
  • We will discover that the first two words in this verse are set in a negative context: “Then” [tote:G5119] “Goeth He” [poreuo:G4198]
  • Likewise the next three words - Seven [hepta:G2033] Other [heteros:G2033] Spirits [pneuma:H4151] - convey judgment.
  • Similarly, the next two terms - More Wicked [poneroteros:G4191] Than Himself  [heautou:G1438] - only emerge in the Matthew 12 account, which is parallel to Luke 11.
  • Following suit, the next three expressions - And [kai:G2532] The Last [eschatos:G2078] State [ekeinos:G1565] - highlight the wrath of God.
  • The next three words -  Is [ginomai:G1096] Worse [cheiron:G5501] Than The First [protos:G4413] - will bring us full circle back to 2 Peter 2:19-22 to see a very unique conclusion.
  •  The third account in which the term, “dry,” or “without water” surfaces is in Jude 12, which we will also examine in detail, Lord willing.


In our last few studies we began looking at the term in verse 17, “without water,” or “dry” - “DRY PARCHED GROUND/ DRY WELLS”  - referring to “false prophets/teachers” and we noted that this word “anydros” (G504) only appears in the parallel accounts of Matthew 12:43 and Luke 11:24, as well as Jude 12 (which I’ll address a little later in today’s study). In case you are joining us for the first time, we have been examining  the parable of “the man with the unclean spirit” in Luke 11:24-26, as the same word, “dry” emerges in verse 24; I’ll read verses 24-26 to familiarize ourselves with it again:


“When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry [anydros:G504] places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out. {25} And when he cometh, he findeth [it] swept and garnished. {26} Then goeth he, and taketh [to him] seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last [state] of that man is worse than the first.”


We left off at verse 26, to begin today’s study:


Then [tote:G5119] Goeth He [poreuo:G4198]


The two expressions, “then” and “goeth he” are found together in 8 citations, including our two parallel passages - Luke 11 and Matthew 12. All but one are set forth in a negative context, and even that one carries a negative as well as a postive connotation. Let’s just consider three of them which relate to the Pharisees, the non-elect, and Judas Iscariot, respectively, and are rendered as “then” and “went” or “depart”: 


Matthew 22:15 records, Then [tote:G5119] went [poreuo:G4198]

the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in [his] talk.”


Matthew 25:41 maintains, Then [tote:G5119]  shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart [poreuo:G4198] from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:”


Lastly, Matthew 26:14 adds:  Then [tote:G5119]  one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went [poreuo:G4198] unto the chief priests,”


Seven [hepta:G2033] Other [heteros:G2087] Spirits [pneuma:H4151]


Two of the terms, “seven” and “spirits” surface in Revelation 5:6, which again points to the Atonement, prior to Creation:


“And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts [better translated as “living creatures”], and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven [hepta:G2033] horns and seven [hepta:G2033] eyes, which are the seven [hepta:G2033] Spirits [pneuma:H4151] of God sent forth into all the earth.”


The number “7” points to “the perfection of whatever is in view,” which in this passage has to do with God’s “horns” (or power), His “eyes” (or omniscience), both of which relate to God’s Spirit; we also wants to keep in mind that “God [is] a Spirit” [pneuma:H4151] (according to John 4:24a) and the Words of the Bible (which are God’s Words) are in turn, both “Spirit” and “life,” as John 6:63b affirms,


“...the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit [pneuma:H4151], and [they] are life.”


Conversely, we read of Mary Magdalene, who had “seven devils,” which the Savior cast out of her in Luke 8:2, 


“And certain women, which had been healed of evil [poneros:G4190] spirits [pneuma:H4151] and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven [hepta:G2033] devils,” [daimonion:G1140]


Thus we can understand that these seven “other” (heteros:G2087) spirits are “more wicked” (poneroteros:G4191) - the superlative form of its root word - “evil” (poneros:G4190) - that was just mentioned in Luke 8:2. In other words, they would signify the “perfection of evil,” which can be seen in our world today, as God has lifted His hand of restraint to allow sin to multiply exponentially as never before in the history of mankind - and by the same token -  God’s judgment has fallen on mankind, as never before.


More Wicked [poneroteros:G4191] Than Himself  [heautou:G1438]


Thr next two words, “more wicked” and “than himself” only crop up again in Matthew 12:44, which as I mentioned is the parallel account to Luke 11:26


And [kai:G2532] The Last [eschatos:G2078] [State] Of That [ekeinos:G1565]


Similarly, the next three Greek terms, “and the last state,” surface in our two parallel references in Luke 11 and Matthew 12...and...in one other highly relevant verse. I’ll quote all three for comparison purposes:


Matthew 12:45 affirms, “Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and [kai:G2532] they enter in and dwell there: and [kai:G2532]  the last [eschatos:G2078]  [state] of that [ekeinos:G1565] man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also [kai:G2532] unto this wicked generation.”


Luke 11:26 likewise adds, “Then goeth he, and taketh [to him] seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and [kai:G2532]  dwell there: and [kai:G2532]  the last [eschatos:G2078]  [state] of that [ekeinos:G1565] man is worse than the first.”


And John 12:48 reveals: “He that rejecteth me, and [kai:G2532] receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same [ekeinos:G1565] shall judge him in the last [eschatos:G2078] day.”


It’s worth pointing out that the term, “the last” is “eschatos” (G2078), from which we derive our English theological word, “eschat-ology” - or the study of end-time events. When you couple this word, “the last” (ecchatos:G2078) with “day” (hemera:G2250), you arrive at our present day of judgment.


And what do we find happening in this “day of judgment”? Do you recall the three outstanding characteristics that we find listed in Matthew 12 and Luke 11 regarding our day that we considered in one of our previous studies? Let’s see if you remember...what’s # 1, and #2, and #3?


  1. The “dividing” of Satan’s kingdom.
  2. The need for “persistence in prayer”
  3. # 3...I’ll give you a hint...what is our “Commission” today? - “Feed God’s Sheep”


Is [ginomai:G1096] Worse [cheiron:G5501] Than The First [protos:G4413]


The last three words in Luke 11:26 are once again, only found in our two parallel chapters - Luke 11 and Matthew 12...and in one other citation…


2 Peter 2:20, asserts: “For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end [eschatos:G2078] is worse [cheiron:G5501] with them than the beginning.” [protos:G4413]


Now we have come full circle back to 2 Peter 2. Do you recall what I stated in our last study, that we would find something quite unique with regard to this word, “with out water,” or “dry” (anydros:G504)?


The Conclusion of 2 Peter 2:19-22


I’m going to give you the conclusion - or the bottom line, if you will of 2 Peter 2:19-22, then in all of our future studies in this chapter we are going to verify this conclusion, as we continue to “search the Scriptures,” by comparing “spiritual with spiritual”:  




Allow me to read 2 Peter 2:17-22 again,


“These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.  {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [unclean animal] [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow [unclean animal] that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”  


Jude 12


I mentioned at the beginning of today’s lesson that we would also take a look at Jude 12 -  the third account (besides Matthew 12 and Luke 11) that contains this word, “anydros” (G504)  Jude  12 gives further information regarding the spiritual implications of this term, “dry,” or “without water” because it is associated with six other words, totalling 7: “spots” (which was discussed in 2 Peter 2 - Part 17), “feeding themselves without fear,” “clouds they are without water,””carried about of winds,” “trees whose fruit withereth,” “twice dead,” and “plucked up by the roots.”


“These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, [anydros:G504] carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;”


Spots [spilas:G4694 ]


The expression “spots” (which is a feminine noun) only occurs here in Jude 12. However, an identical word (masculine noun), also rendered as “spots” (spilos:G4696) is found in 2 Peter 2:13,


“And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [spilos:G4696] [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;”


G4696 surfaces one other time in Ephesians 5:27, in which it is rendered as “spot,” having to do with sin, and accompanied by the similar expressions, “wrinkle,” “any such thing,” and “without blemish,” so to have “spots,” would indicate that one’s sins were not paid for:


“That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot [spilos:G4696], or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.” [amomos:G299 - from “a” (G1) and “momos” (G3470)]


Feeding [pomaino:G4165] Themselves [heautou:G1438] Without Fear [aphobos:G870]


The phrase, “feeding themselves without fear” contains the crucial word, “feeding” which is used 7 times as “feed” and 4 times as “rule;” spiritually this is referring to the dual aspect of “feeding” in the day of judgment: the non-elect are being fed with judgment, where as the elect are being nourished by an ever increasing amount of truth.


Clouds [nephele:G3507] They Are Without Water [anydros:G504]


We have understood from the Bible that “clouds” are a reference to God’s Word, even as Christ -  Who is the Word -  is associated with “clouds;” if you recall it was also the “cloud by day,” (as well as the “pillar of fire” by night) that instructed and gave direction to the Israelites throughout their 40-year sojourn in the wilderness. Please note our word “dry” or “without water” is translated here as, “they are without water.” These so called “clouds” - do not produce “water,” which spiritually has to do with the “water of life,” and is also representative of the “latter rain,” which fell so abundantly during the last 17 years of the Great Tribulation (1994-2011), in which God saved the last of the elect during that wonderful “time and season.”


Carried About [periphero:G4064] And  Winds [anemos:G417] 


The two expressions, “carried about” and “winds” only emerge together again in Ephesians 4:14 - another very pertinent warning with regard to “false teachers/prophets”: 


“That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with [periphero:G4064] every wind [anemos:G417] of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;”


Whose Fruit Withereth [phthinoporinos:G5352]


This word is only found here, but reminds us of the term in Matthew 21:19 - which is a different Strong’s # - but the thrust of the verse has to do with Judgment (in the context, on national Israel); this is also emphasized by the next term as well - “without fruit”: 


“And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.” [xeraino:G3583]


Without Fruit [akarpos:G175]


This term appears in 6 other passages, and always as “unfruitful,” (except here in Jude 12), as Mark 4:19 illustrates,


“And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.” [akarpos:G175]


Twice [dis:G1364] Dead [apothnesko:G599]


“Twice Dead”  indicates a “double death,” not unlike God’s warning to Adam in Genesis 2:1, “...thou shalt surely die,” which literally reads, “dying thou shalt die;” in others words, he would die spiritually immediately, and (some 900 years) later would die physically, because the “...the wages of sin is death”:


“But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.


Plucked Up By The Roots [ekrizoo:G1610]


The last English phrase in Jude 12 is “plucked up by the roots,” is actually one Greek word. We find it, for instance, in Matthew 15:12-13, in verse 13 as “shall be rooted up”:


“But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.” [ekrizoo:G1610]



Summary:


  • We are continuing our examination of the word, “dry” or “without water” (anydros:G504) in 2 Peter 2:17, which has led us to “the parable of the man with an unclean spirit.”
  • Today we investigated the terms in the last verse of this parable in the Luke 11 account, which is verse 26. 
  • We discovered that the first two words in this verse are set in a negative context: “Then” [tote:G5119] “Goeth He” [poreuo:G4198]
  • Likewise the next three words - Seven [hepta:G2033] Other [heteros:G2087] Spirits [pneuma:H4151] - convey judgment.
  • Similarly, the next two terms - More Wicked [poneroteros:G4191] Than Himself  [heautou:G1438] - only emerge in the Matthew 12 account, which is parallel to Luke 11.
  • Following suit, the next three expressions - And [kai:G2532] The Last [eschatos:G2078] State [ekeinos:G1565] - highlight the wrath of God.
  • The next three words -  Is [ginomai:G1096] Worse [cheiron:G5501] Than The First [protos:G4413] - will bring us full circle back to 2 Peter 2:19-22 to see a very unique conclusion.
  •  The third account in which the term, “dry,” or “without water” surfaces is in Jude 12, which we also examined.
  • We reviewed our vocabulary word from our last lesson (katoiketerion:G2732)  and I added the Greek spelling (which I forgot). 
  • Additionally, the Greek letters of our vocabulary word, “katoiketerion,” were “matched up” with the corresponding English transliteration.
  • Lastly, I included a Greek Alphabet chart, so when you see the Greek letters of a word you are looking up in Strong’s Concordance or in Englishman’s Concordance, you will be able to pronounce the letters, and become better acquainted with the Greek alphabet. These are all just “study helps” for you as well as for me.



Our Vocabulary Word From Our Last Lesson - ON THE SCREEN




















Please join us at 5:30 PM/8:30PM for our Q & A, and at 7:30 PM/10:30 PM tonight for our thematic Bible reading.

2 Peter 2 - Part 35

July 29, 2018

2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets - 
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


  • Reminder of the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22.
  • We are continuing our examination of Jude 12 and the last two words in that verse - “carried about” (periphero:G4064) and “winds” (anemos:G417), which only surface again in Ephesians 4:14.
  • Because Ephesians 4:14 is such a significant verse, I want to spend most of our time today investigating the various words in that verse, which are as follows:
  •  “...tossed to and fro...” [klydonizomai:G2831]  
  • “carried about with [periphero:G4064] every [pas:G3956] wind [anemos:G417] of doctrine…” [didaskalia:G1319]
  • “...by [en:G1722] the sleight [kybeia:G2940] of men [anthropos:G444]...”
  • “...[and] cunning craftiness…” [en:G1722] [panourgia:G3834]
  • “...whereby [pros:G4314] they lie in wait [methodeia:G3180] to deceive…” [plane:G4106]
  • After considering Ephesians 4:14, we want to examine some of the words in Hebrews 13:9, which will serve to further our understanding of the phrase, “every wind of doctrine” in Ephesians 4:14, focusing on the words: with divers [poikilos:G4164] and [kai:G2532] strange [xenos:G3581] doctrines [didache:G1322] 
  • Then, we will be returning to the rest of 2 Peter 2:17, and take a look at the words in the phrase: clouds [nephele:G3507] that are carried [elauno:G1643] with [hypo:G5259] a tempest [lailaps:G2978]
  • Last, but not least we will review our vocabulary word, “katoiketerion” (G2732), and I will give you a new one to commit to memory as well.


The Conclusion of 2 Peter 2:19-22


As I stated last Sunday, I’m going to remind you of the conclusion - or the bottom line, if you will of 2 Peter 2:19-22, then in all of our future studies in this chapter we are going to verify this conclusion, as we continue to “search the Scriptures,” by comparing “spiritual with spiritual” and we get into the details of verses 19-22:



This is why we see the references to a “dog” returning to his vomit and the “sow”  to the mire at the end of this chapter because the nature of those “unclean” animals has not been changed.  


Carried About [periphero:G4064] And  Winds [anemos:G417] - In Jude 12 (Cont.)


As we were investigating Jude 12 last week and the two expressions, “carried about” and “winds” we discovered that these two terms only emerge together again in Ephesians 4:14 - another very pertinent warning with regard to “false teachers/prophets”: 


“That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with [periphero:G4064] every wind [anemos:G417] of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;”  


Detour: A Closer Look At Ephesians 4:14


I want to take a closer look at Ephesians 4:14, which is an extremely important verse.  Notice the five-fold description of those who are deceived - called “children” - because a child does not remain that way; eventually they will graduate from “milk” (spiritually) to “meat” (according to 1 Corinthians 3:2):


  1.  “...tossed to and fro...” [klydonizomai:G2831]  
  2. “carried about with [periphero:G4064] every [pas:G3956] wind [anemos:G417] of doctrine…” [didaskalia:G1319]
  3. “...by [en:G1722] the sleight [kybeia:G2940] of men [anthropos:G444]...”
  4. “...[and] cunning craftiness…” [en:G1722] [panourgia:G3834]
  5. “...whereby [pros:G4314] they lie in wait [methodeia:G3180] to deceive…” [plane:G4106]


Once again, God goes to great lengths to discuss these “false prophets/teachers” here, as He does in 2 Peter 2, as well as in Jude 12, which is why I think it’s important to take this detour. 


Tossed To And Fro [klydonizomai:G2831]  


Incidentally, the first characteristic, “tossed to and fro” [klydon - izomai:G2831 - a Greek verb] is derived from the word, “klydon” (G2830 - a masculine noun), which is only found in two verses: in James 1:5-8, it is translated as “wave,” in verse 6, and then in Luke 8:24, as “the raging”:  


“If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. {6} But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave [klydon:G2830 - a Greek masculine noun] of the sea driven with the wind [anemizo:G416] and tossed. {7} For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. {8} A double minded man [is] unstable in all his ways.”


“And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging [klydon:G2830] of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.”   

This root word, “klydon” (G2830)  from which “tossed to and fro” (klydonizomai:G2831) stems from, is also found in another word…


Do you remember the name of the giant storm at sea in Acts 27 which pictures the destruction of the New Testament churches? 


We read in Acts 27:14, “But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon.” [Euraklyon:G2148]  


“Euraklyon” (G2148) is also derived from “klydon” (G2830), as we just saw in James 1:6 and Luke 8:24. 


“Carried About With [periphero:G4064] Every [pas:G3956] Wind [anemos:G417] Of Doctrine…” [didaskalia:G1319]


The four expressions, “carried about with every wind of doctrine,” only emerge together in this verse, so we’ll have to research them individually:


Carried About With [periphero:G4064] 


Let’s start with the first one - “carried about with” - which is found, for instance, in these next references:


Mark 6:55 reveals the flurry of activity that must have ensued when people heard that Jesus was healing people “left and right,” and made a beeline to bring their sick loved ones to Him: “And ran through that whole region round about, and began to carry about [periphero:G4064] in beds those that were sick, where they heard he was.”


Our English words “periphery” stems from this compound Greek word - “periphero”:


Hebrews 13:9 likewise admonishes: “Be [periphero:G4064] [G0] not carried about [periphero:G4064] with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.”


We saw this same term included in Jude 1:12 in our last lesson, in which it was rendered as “carried about: “These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about [periphero:G4064] of winds [anemos:G417]; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;”


Did you happen to notice the three words in Hebrews 13:9, “with divers and strange doctrines”?  Keep that verse in mind as we will return to it a little later on.


Back To Ephesians 4:14


Let’s go back to Ephesians 4:14, and the next phrase that we want to examine, which is...


By [en:G1722] The Sleight [kybeia:G2940] Of Men [anthropos:G444]


Once again, these words are only found in unison in this passage, so we have to consider them separately. The term, “the sleight” only appears in this verse, and I could not verify its root word, however, it helps to look at the two phrases immediately following it to see what God has in mind as He links “sleight of men” with “cunning craftiness” and “lying in wait to deceive”:  


“...[and] cunning craftiness…” [en:G1722] [panourgia:G3834] and “...whereby [pros:G4314] they lie in wait [methodeia:G3180] to deceive…” [plane:G4106]. 


Unsaved man is very adept at deception  - just as his spiritual father Satan - as the Lord Jesus carefully pointed out in John 8:44,


“Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.”


[And] Cunning Craftiness [en:G1722] [panourgia:G3834]


The expression, “[and] cunning craftiness,” emerges in the following 4 citations:


Luke 20:23 records, “But he perceived their craftiness, [panourgia:G3834] and said unto them, Why tempt ye me?”


1 Corinthians 3:19 also announces: “For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.” [panourgia:G3834]


And 2 Corinthians 11:3 acknowledges, “But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, [panourgia:G3834] so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.”


2 Corinthians 4:2 explains how the child of God is to approach the study of the Scriptures: “But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness,[panourgia:G3834] nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.”


Whereby [pros:G4314] They Lie In Wait [methodeia:G3180] To Deceive [plane:G4106]


This brings us to the last three words in Ephesians 4:14, “...whereby [pros:G4314] they lie in wait [methodeia:G3180] to deceive…” [plane:G4106], and they are only found together in this passage.


They Lie In Wait [methodeia:G3180 - from which we derive our English words, “method” and methodology”] 


“They lie in wait” only appears again in Ephesians 6:11, as “the wiles”: “Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles [methodeia:G3180] of the devil.”


To Deceive [plane:G4106]


We have already discussed the term, “to deceive,” in some of our earlier studies in 2 Peter 2, so I won’t go over that again; so let’s continue researching the rest of 2 Peter 2:17. 


 Earlier, I made reference to Hebrews 13:9, and the warning it contains, which I’ll read again: 


“Be [periphero:G4064] [G0] not carried about [periphero:G4064] with divers and strange doctrines. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.”


The same word for “wind(s)” in Ephesians 4:14 also crops up in Jude 12 too (as I mentioned already) and these four Greek terms “with divers and strange doctrines” help to clarify what God has in view in the phrase, “every wind of doctrine,” in Ephesians 4:14, which we now want to turn our attention to:


With Divers [poikilos:G4164] And [kai:G2532] Strange [xenos:G3581] Doctrines [didache:G1322]


These four words only show up together in Hebrew 13:9, so once again we have to consider them on an individual basis, but they are quite revealing:


With Divers [poikilos:G4164]


God employs the term, “divers,” in 9 other Scriptures, and in all but two of them, they are related to divers “diseases,” “lusts,” or “temptations.” Only two passages are positive in nature, and refer to “miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit,” and the “manifold grace of God.”


Strange [xenos:G3581] 


The word, “strange” is also interesting because it relates to foreigners or “strangers” who can typify the elect at times. 


Do you recollect the phrase, “strangers, widows, and fatherless” that is repeated throughout the Old Testament?


Those three expressions surface in 18 references in the Old Testament; one of them is in Deuteronomy 10:17-19, where these three classifications emerge in this most beautiful portion of God’s Word highlighting God’s elect; please note the threefold usage of “stranger (s)”: 


“For the LORD your God [is] God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward: {18} He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless [yathowm:H3490] and widow [’almanah:H490], and loveth the stranger [ger:H1616], in giving him food [The Word of God] and raiment. [The Righteousness of Christ] {19} Love ye therefore the stranger [ger:H1616]: for ye were strangers [ger:H1616] in the land of Egypt.” 


Notwithstanding, that is not what this term “strange doctrines” signifies. A very good illustration of what God intends by this word is found in Acts 17:18-21, in which this term “strange(-rs)” arises in verses 18 and 21 in Paul’s sermon on Mars Hill in Athens:  


“Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange [xenos:G3581 - a Greek adjective] gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection. {19} And they took him, and brought him unto Areopagus, saying, May we know what this new doctrine [didache:G1322], whereof thou speakest, [is]? {20} For thou bringest certain strange things [xenizo:G3579 - from (xenos:G3581) - a Greek verb] to our ears: we would know therefore what these things mean. {21} (For all the Athenians and strangers [xenos:G3581] which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)”


Doctrines [didache:G1322]


Incidentally, the word for “doctrine” (didache:G1322) in Acts 17:19 is identical to that in Hebrews 13:9, and closely related to that in Ephesians 4:14, which is (didaskalia:G1319).


Back To 2 Peter 2:17


As we do so, we want to again bear in mind the conclusion we have arrived at - namely: 


As I mentioned last Sunday, as we continue investigating the remainder of this chapter, we want to verify this conclusion, and since we have already spent a considerable amount of time on the first phrase in 2 Peter 2:17 regarding these “false prophets/teachers”“these are wells without water” -  let’s forge ahead to the next phrase, after we review 2 Peter 2:17,



2 Peter 2:17 declares:“These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. 


Clouds [nephele:G3507] That Are Carried [elauno:G1643] With [hypo:G5259] A Tempest [lailaps:G2978]


We have already considered the term, “clouds,” as it is the same word in Jude 12 that we looked at last Sunday, so I won’t go over that again, so let’s move on to the next word, “that are carried,” which incidentally is a different word than “carried about with” (periphero:G4064) that was discussed earlier in today’s study.


That Are Carried [elauno:G1643]


The tremendous force that this word implies is readily seen in these next citations: 


We learn the following information concerning one of the Gadarene demoniacs in Luke 8:29, “(For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven [elauno:G1643] of the devil into the wilderness.)”


In James 3:4, God connects this term with “winds” (anemos:G417),  “Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, and [are] driven [elauno:G1643] of fierce winds [anemos:G417], yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.”


A Tempest [lailaps:G2978]


The word, “a tempest” is the last term that we have time to consider today, and it only surfaces again in the two parallel accounts of Mark 4:37 and Luke 8:23, and take note that the word, “wind” appears again in both of these references:


Mark 4:37, “And there arose a great storm [lailaps:G2978] of wind  [anemos:G417], and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.”


Luke 8:23, “But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm [lailaps:G2978] of wind [anemos:G417] on the lake; and they were filled [with water], and were in jeopardy.” 


Did you happen to notice the recurring emphasis that God is placing on this word, “wind” (anemos:G417) in a number of the foregoing passages?


As God couples the word “wind” (anemos:G417) - with its potential for massive spiritual destruction and typified by these huge storms at sea (and remember that the “sea” represents “hell,” or the “grave”) -  with “doctrine” that is both “divers” (pertaining to fleshly lusts and desires) and “strange” (having to do with man-made gods and idols), God exposes the true nature of these “false prophets/teachers” who embody the very essence of “deception” and “cunning craftiness,” as 2 Corinthians 11:13-15 underscores so well:


“For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. {14} And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. {15} Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.”


Summary


Here is what was covered in our lesson today:


  • We were reminded of the conclusion we arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22.
  • We also continued our examination of Jude 12 and the last two words in that verse - “carried about” (periphero:G4064) and “winds” (anemos:G417), which only surface together again in Ephesians 4:14.
  • Because Ephesians 4:14 is such a significant verse, we spent most of our time today investigating the various words in that verse, which are as follows:
  •  “...tossed to and fro...” [klydonizomai:G2831]  
  • “carried about with [periphero:G4064] every [pas:G3956] wind [anemos:G417] of doctrine…” [didaskalia:G1319]
  • “...by [en:G1722] the sleight [kybeia:G2940] of men [anthropos:G444]...”
  • “...[and] cunning craftiness…” [en:G1722] [panourgia:G3834]
  • “...whereby [pros:G4314] they lie in wait [methodeia:G3180] to deceive…” [plane:G4106]
  • After considering Ephesians 4:14, we took note of some of the words in Hebrews 13:9, which served to further our understanding of the phrase, “every wind of doctrine” in  Ephesians 4:14, and we focused on the words: with divers [poikilos:G4164] and [kai:G2532] strange [xenos:G3581] doctrines [didache:G1322] 
  • Next we returned to 2 Peter 2:17, to take a look at these terms in the phrase: clouds [nephele:G3507] that are carried [elauno:G1643] with [hypo:G5259] a tempest [lailaps:G2978]
  • Last but not least, we reviewed our previous vocabulary word, “katoiketerion” (G2732), and I gave you a new one to commit to memory as well, which is: 






 



       





 

 





2 Peter 2 - Part 36

August 5, 2018



2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets - 
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


Here is what I would like to cover today, Lord willing:


  • Reminder of the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to test by examining verses 19-22 in particular.
  • We will begin by looking at the last phrase in 2 Peter 2: 17: to whom [hos:G3739] the mist [zophos:G2217] of darkness” [skotos:G4655] AND “is reserved [tereo:G1583] for [eis:G1519] ever” [aion:G165]. The first phrase only appears in Jude 13 - having to do with spiritual blindness as well as with death and annihilation. The last phrase only surfaces in Jude 13 and John 8:51-52 - both of which contrast the destiny of the elect versus the non-elect. 
  • The rest of today’s lesson will focus on verse 18, which includes the following terms: 
  • when they speak [phtheggomai:G5350] - noting the contrast between the elect’s words and those of these “false prophets/teachers” - 2 Peter 2:16 and Acts 4:18
  • great swelling [hyperokgos:G5246] - A similar distinction is made between the “life-giving” words of the elect as opposed to the sin-tainted and burdensome utterances of  “false prophets/teachers” - only appears in Jude 6; “ogkos” (G3591) - the main word - is only found in Hebrews 12:1, as “weight.”
  • [words] of vanity [mataiotes:G3153] - or “empty” or “worthless” words because they are the foolish words of men - only found in Romans 8:20 and Ephesians 4:17
  • they allure [deleazo:G1185] - found in James 1:14 as “enticed” and 2 Peter 2:14 as “beguiling” - the latter is an apt description of 2 Peter 2:19-22
  • through [en:G1722] the lusts [epithymia:G1939] of the flesh [sarx:G4561] - 1 John 2:16 as well as Genesis 3:6
  • through much wantoness [aselgeia:G766] - mostly rendered as “lasciviousness” - 1 Peter 4:3, 2 Peter 2:7, and Jude 4
  • those that were clean [ontos:G3689] - predominantly translated as “indeed” - e.g., John 8:36
  • escaped [apopheugo:G668] - significant because it highlights the difference between the elect, and those who claim that affiliation - emerges again only in 2 Peter 1:4 and 2 Peter 2:20
  • Summary
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym



The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22

In our last study we left off at the last half of verse 17, ...to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever,” which describes the fate of all the non-elect, including “false prophets/teachers.”

To Whom [hos:G3739] The Mist [zophos:G2217] Of Darkness [skotos:G4655]


The first three words in this phrase, “...to whom the mist of darkness” appear together only in Jude 13, as “...to whom the blackness of darkness…” 


“Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom [hos:G3739] is reserved the blackness [zophos:G2217] of darkness [skotos:G4655]

 for ever.”


As I have mentioned a number of times 2 Peter 2 is quite similar to Jude, as they both deal with the same subject, namely “false prophets/teachers.”


Is Reserved [tereo:G1583] For [eis:G1519] Ever [aion:G165]


The last three terms in verse 17 are, “...is reserved for ever…” and they surface again in Jude 13, as well as in John 8:51-52,


“Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved [tereo:G1583] the blackness of darkness for [eis:G1519] ever.” [aion:G165]


“Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep [tereo:G1583]  my saying, he shall never [ou me:G3364 - a double negative] [eis:G1519] [aion:G165] see death. {52} Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep [tereo:G1583] my saying, he shall never [ou me:G3364 - a double negative ] [eis:G1519] [aion:G165] taste of death.”


Immediately one sees the contrast between the non-elect whose fate is to be annihilated for ever, with the elect who will, “never for ever” die spiritually in their glorified spiritual bodies.


Verse 18: “For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.”


This brings us to verse 18, and the first four words which are:“For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity…”, and are only found in this verse, so we will have to consider them individually:


For [gar:G1063] When They Speak [phtheggomai:G5350] Great Swelling [hyperokgos:G5246]  [Words] Of Vanity [mataiotes:G3153]


When They Speak [phtheggomai:G5350] 


Actually we encountered the term, “when they speak,” in verse 16 of this chapter, referring to Balaam’s donkey who was “speaking” (which is how it is translated) with “man’s voice”:


“But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking [phtheggomai:G5350] with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.”


The only other time this term is used in in Acts 4:18, 

“And they called them, and commanded them not to speak [phtheggomai:G5350] at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.”


It’s noteworthy that God has chosen to use this same term “speak” in conjunction with these “false prophets/teachers” as well as with Balaam’s donkey - who in this instance represents the elect who warned the world of impending judgment, as well as the apostles who similarly testified during the day of salvation. 


Great Swelling [hyperokgos:G5246] 


The next expression we want to consider in verse 18 is “great swelling,” which modifies the next term, “words of vanity.” “Great swelling” only emerges again in Jude 6 - for which we are not surprised -  and is identically translated:


“These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [hyperokgos:G5246] [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.”


This word, “hyperogkos” or  “great swelling” is a compound word made up of the term “hyper” (G5228) and “ogkos” (G3591), which is only found in Hebrews 12:1, as “weight”:


“Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, [ogkos:G3591] and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,”


Notice  how God associates this word, “weight” with “sin” - which the child of God is to “lay aside,” or “cast off.” In reading this I was reminded of Jesus words of warning regarding “...the scribes and the Pharisees...” in Matthew 23:1-4, and especially in verse 4:


“Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, {2] Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: {3} All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, [that] observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not. {4} For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay [them] on men's shoulders; but they [themselves] will not move them with one of their fingers.”


On the contrary, note the outstanding difference between the actions of these religious leaders with Christ Himself, as we learn from Matthew 11:28-30,


“Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. {29} Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. {30} For my yoke [is] easy, and my burden is light.


During the day of salvation this was the wonderful proclamation of the Gospel that was designed to set people spiritually free from the shackles of sin and Satan, as Christ so beautifully underscored when He quoted Isaiah 61:1-3 in the synagogue in Nazareth in Luke 4:16-21,


“And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. {17} And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, {18} The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, {19} To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. {20} And he closed the book, and he gave [it] again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. {21} And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.”


[Words] Of Vanity [mataiotes:G3153]


The next expression that we want to investigate in verse 18 is: “...[words] of vanity...” which emerges only in two other references:


Romans 8:20, “For the creature was made subject to vanity, [mataiotes:G3153] not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope,”


Ephesians 4:17, “This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity [mataiotes:G3153] of their mind,”


There are are number of verses in both the Old and New Testaments that concern the idea of vanity - which is a term that implies futility or emptiness or worthlessness, as opposed to the life-giving words of Scripture. 


They Allure [deleazo:G1185]


The next expression is “they allure,” referencing one of the means which these “false prophets /teachers” employ namely to appeal to the flesh, which is understandable, since they - as well as their adherents - are unsaved, so they both think and operate exclusively on the carnal level. This word is found in Jam 1:14, as “enticed” and in 2 Peter 2:14, as “beguiling” respectively:


James 1:14-15 declare, and keep in mind the sequence of sin - temptation/lust/enticement/sin/ which culminates in death (and annihilation): “But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. [deleazo:G1185] {15} Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.” 


2 Peter 2:14 underscores this total reliance on the flesh - with no thought as to the consequences - that every sinful thought, word, and deed leads to death: “Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling [deleazo:G1185] unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:”


However, the fuel on which this sin-cursed world operates is carnality, as 1 John 2:16-17 so succinctly states, and please note how distinctly opposite it is to the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ, which is marked by doing “the will of God” - the essence of love - that emanates from a heart that has been transformed by the Spirit of God: 


“For all that [is] in [en:G1722] the world, the lust [epithymia:G1939] of the flesh [sarx:G4561], and the lust [epithymia:G1939] of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. {17} And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.”


This unholy trinity - spawned by Satan - took root in the Garden of Eden, according to Genesis 3:4-6, and specifically verse 6:


“And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: {5} For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. {6} And when the woman saw that the tree [was] good for food, and that it [was] pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make [one] wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.”


Actually, what we have been discussing is displayed in the next three words in verse 18,


Through [en:G1722] The Lusts [epithymia:G1939] Of the Flesh [sarx:G4561]


Besides 1 John 2:16 and 2 Peter 2:18, these three terms also emerge in the subsequent citations: 


Ephesians 2:3 encapsulates the true nature of the unsaved, from which the elect have been delivered from by the grace of God, and as a result of the Faith and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ, prior to Creation:  Among [en:G1722] whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts [epithymia:G1939] of our flesh [sarx:G4561], fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”


Likewise 1 Peter  4:2 admonishes, “That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in [en:G1722] the flesh [sarx:G4561] to the lusts [epithymia:G1939] of men, but to the will of God.”


2 Peter 2:10 further adds: “But chiefly them that walk after the flesh [sarx:G4561]  in [en:G1722] the lust [epithymia:G1939] of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.”


Through Much Wantoness [aselgeia:G766]


“Through much wantoness” is the next Greek word that we want to consider, and as a matter of fact it further highlights the emphasis that God is revealing regarding the “lusts of the flesh” which these “false prophets/teachers” are appealing to when they speak to their audience. This term is found in 9 other places, and we’ll take a look at just a few of them, for the sake of time; it is rendered most commonly as “lasciviousness”:


1 Peter 4:3 acknowledges:  “For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, [aselgeia:G766] lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:”


2 Peter 2:7 renders this word as “filthy”: “And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy [aselgeia:G766] conversation [“lifestyle”] of the wicked:”


We have seen over and over again how closely Jude relates to 2 Peter 2, and this word is no exception, as Jude 4 teaches: “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, [aselgeia:G766] and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”


Those That Were Clean [ontos:G3689] Escaped [apopheugo:G668]


The next two expressions are “those that were clean” and “escaped,” which we need to examine separately:


Those That Were Clean [ontos:G3689]


G3689 is predominantly rendered as “indeed;” for example, let’s look at John 8:36, 


“If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.” [ontos:G3689]


Escaped [apopheugo:G668]


The word, “escaped” is quite significant because of the way in which God employs it to refer either to the elect, or to those who claim to be God’s elect (but are not), which is really the gist of 2 Peter 2:19-22, as we have seen, and we will continue to verify this conclusion, as we make our way through these last passages of 2 Peter 2. This expression only appears in two other places, and both are in 2 Peter:


2 Peter 1:4 records this pertaining to God’s elect: “Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped [apopheugo:G668] the corruption that is in the world through lust.”


On the other hand, 2 Peter 2:20 describes those who claim to be the children of God: “For if after they have escaped [apopheugo:G668] the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.”


I think we’ll stop here for today, as I want to spend more time than what we have available, on the last phrase in verse 18:  “...from them that live in error,”  which we can investigate in more detail, as we’ll have more time next week. 


Summary


  • Today we rehearsed the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular.
  • We looked at the last phrase in 2 Peter 2:17, to whom [hos:G3739] the mist [zophos:G2217] of darkness” [skotos:G4655] AND “is reserved [tereo:G1583] for [eis:G1519] ever” [aion:G165]. We noted that the first phrase only appears in Jude 13 - having to do with spiritual blindness as well as with death and annihilation. The last phrase only surfaces in Jude 13 and John 8:51-52 - both of which contrast the destiny of the elect versus the non-elect. 
  • The rest of today’s lesson was focused on verse 18, and included the following words: 
  • when they speak [phtheggomai:G5350] - noting the contrast between the elect’s words and those of these “false prophets/teachers” - 2 Peter 2:16 and Acts 4:18
  •  great swelling [hyperokgos:G5246] - A similar distinction is made between the “life-giving” words of the elect as opposed to the sin-tainted and burdensome utterances of  “false prophets/teachers” - only appears in Jude 6; “ogkos” (G3591) - the main word - is only found in Hebrews 12:1, as “weight.”
  • [words] of vanity [mataiotes:G3153] - or “empty” or “worthless” words because they are the foolish words of men - only found in Romans 8:20 and Ephesians 4:17
  • they allure [deleazo:G1185] - found in James 1:14 as “enticed” and 2 Peter 2:14 as “beguiling” - the latter is an apt description of 2 Peter 2:19-22
  • through [en:G1722] the lusts [epithymia:G1939] of the flesh [sarx:G4561] - 1 John 2:16 as well as Genesis 3:6
  • through much wantoness [aselgeia:G766] - mostly rendered as “lasciviousness” - 1 Peter 4:3, 2 Peter 2:7, and Jude 4
  • those that were clean [ontos:G3689] - predominantly translated as “indeed” - e.g., John 8:36
  • escaped [apopheugo:G668] - significant because it highlights the difference between the elect, and those who claim that affiliation - emerges again only in 2 Peter 1:4 and 2 Peter 2:20
  • Summary
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym

Today’s Vocabulary Word














2 Peter 2 - Part 37

August 12, 2018



2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets 
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


Here is what I would like to cover today, Lord willing:


  • Reminder of the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to test by examining verses 19-22 in particular.
  • We’ll consider the last three words in verse 18: “from them who live” [anastrepho:G390] in [en:G17222] error [plane:G4106] - focusing in particular on the term, “live” - and how God uses it to give us a complete picture of “living in error.”
  • Next we want to look at the individual words and phases in verse 19:
  •  “while they promise [epaggellomai:G1861] them [autos:G846] liberty” [eleutheria:G1657] - these “false prophets/teachers” can only deliver on the lies they promise, because true liberty is only found in the True Gospel, during the day of salvation.
  •  “they themselves [autos:G846] are [hyparcho:G5225] the servants [doulos:G1401] of corruption [pthora:G5356] - we have encountered the terms, “servants” “of corruption” in our earlier studies in 2 Peter, so we’ll review that briefly, and see how they are also expressed in Romans 6:16
  •  “for [gar:G1063] of whom [hos:G3739] a man [tis:G5100] is overcome” [hattaomai:G2274] - the expression “overcome” also emerges in verse 20.
  • “of the same [touto:G5129] is he brought in bondage” [douloo:G1402] - this term, “bondage,” is derived from the word, “servant” (G4101), and relates to the principle that, “no man serve two masters” (in Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13)
  • Both words - G1402 and its root word, G1401 - are found together in Romans 6:16-23.
  • In turn, the spiritual “bondage” that unsaved man is enslaved by,  is also typified by the root word for G1401, which is “deo” (G1210) and surfaces prominently in Matthew 12:29 regarding the “binding” of the “strong man” (or Satan) as well as in the account of the Gadarene demoniacs in Mark 5:3-4, which was discussed in some of our previous studies.
  • Summary
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym
  • Greek Alphabet



The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22

From Them Who Live [anastrepho:G390] In [en:G17222] Error [plane:G4106]


We left off in our last study with the last three Greek words in verse 18, “...from them who live in error;” I’ll read all of verse 18 again: 


“For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean [“indeed”] escaped from them who live in error.” 


As I mentioned last Sunday these “false prophets/teachers” use their sin-tainted and burdensome proclamations that are worthless and devoid of truth, to beguile or entice through the lusts of the flesh those who “claim” to be saved. This is especially true in our day as many so called “true believers” are have turned back to the churches, to former doctrines, which is tantamount to the world. We have already considered the term “error” (plane:G4106) when we were discussing 2 Peter 2:17, as well as in Ephesians 4:14 and Jude 11; with that in mind let’s turn our attention to the word, “...from them who live...”: 


From Them Who Live [anastrepho:G390]


This compound term is translated in 8 different ways but only found in 11 verses:


In Matthew 17:22 it is rendered as “abode”: “And while they abode [anastrepho:G390] in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:”


While in John 2:15, it is expressed as “overthrew”: “And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew [anastrepho:G390] the tables;”


On the other hand, Acts 15:16 translates it as: “I will return”: “After this I will return, [anastrepho:G390] and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:”


2 Corinthians 1:12 displays it as “we have had our conversation” (or “lifestyle”): “For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation [anastrepho:G390] in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.”


But in 1 Timothy 3:15 it is “to behave thyself”: “But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself [anastrepho:G390] in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.”


Hebrews 10:33 translates it as “of them that were so used”: “Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were [anastrepho:G390][G0] so used.” [anastrepho:G390]


And 1 Peter 1:17 renders it as “pass”: “And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass [anastrepho:G390] the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:”


Returning to our phrase, “...from them who live in error,”  we can begin to see a more complete picture of all that this word, “anastrepho” (G390) implies, in connection with “error” which goes way beyond just the verb, “live,” namely “conversation” (or “lifestyle”), “behavior,” “returning” (in a negative sense), as well as “overthrow.”  


Verse 19: While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.


 While They Promise [epaggellomai:G1861] Them [autos:G846] Liberty [eleutheria:G1657]


The first two main words, “while they promise” and “liberty” are only found together in this passage, so we will have to investigate them individually:


 While They Promise [epaggellomai:G1861] 


Keep in mind that the ones who are “promising liberty” are these “false prophets/teachers,”and the ones who are being promised are those who “claim” to be God’s people. Of of the 15 citations in which this term appears, two are negative: 2 Peter 2:19 and 1 Timothy 6:21, which I’ll read:


In 1 Timothy 6:20-21, this word is rendered as “professing” in verse 21: “O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called: Which some professing [epaggellomai:G1861] have erred concerning the faith. Grace [be] with thee. Amen.”


Mark 14:11 recounts Judas’ deal with the “chief priests”: “And when they heard [it], they were glad, and promised [epaggellomai:G1861] to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him.”


1 John 2:25 indicates the definition of what the promise entails spiritually: “And this is the promise [epaggellia:G1860 - from G1861] that he hath promised [epaggellomai:G1861] us, [even] eternal life.”


Romans 4:20-21 reveals God’s absolute trustworthiness in keeping His divine promises flawlessly: “He [Abraham] staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; {21} And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, [epaggellomai:G1861] he was able also to perform.”


Galatians 3:19, “Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [epaggellomai:G1861] [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.”


Liberty [eleutheria:G1657]


The expression “liberty” speaks of the freedom which God has granted to each of His elect, in delivering them from their bondage to sin and Satan, during the very lengthy “time and season” of the day of salvation. It is employed in 11 verses, and always as “liberty,” as these next references demonstrate:  


2 Corinthians 3:17-18 acknowledges this God given freedom in salvation - the greatest of all gifts, and verse 18 highlights what God is doing in the lives of His elect in our present day of judgment, as He continues to conform His children to the Lord Jesus Christ to a greater and greater degree and awareness:  “Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord [is], there [is] liberty. [eleutheria:G1657] {18} But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.”


Galatians 5:1 and 13 presents the following admonition:  “Stand fast therefore in the liberty [eleutheria:GG1657] wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. ... {13} For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; [eleutheria:G1657] only [use] not liberty [eleutheria:G1657] for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.


1 Peter 2:16 similarly declares: “As free, and not using [your] liberty [eleutheria:G1657] for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.”


They Themselves [autos:G846] Are [hyparcho:G5225] The Servants [doulos:G1401] Of Corruption [pthora:G5356]


The next phrase that we encounter in verse 19 is: “...they themselves are the servants of corruption…”


We have actually run across both words, “servants” as well as “corruption” in our studies 2 Peter. In fact one of the very first words we looked at in this series was the term, “servant” in 2 Peter 1:1, in which Peter, under divine inspiration refers to himself, and each of God’s elect as well:


“Simon Peter, a servant [doulos:G1401] and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:”


However, the “servant” in view in 2 Peter 2:19 - the only other place where it appears in 2 Peter 2 - is not linked to the Lord Jesus Christ -  as in 2 Peter 1:1, but rather to “corruption/destroyed,”which is an expression that cropped up in verse 12 of 2 Peter 2 - speaking of the same “false prophets/teachers” in addition to 2 Peter 1:4 - referring to God’s elect -  respectively: 

            

“But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, [pthora:G5356] speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;” [pthora:G5356]


“Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption [pthora:G5356] that is in the world through lust.”


This same principle of “servants of corruption” is reiterated in Romans 6:16, albeit with slightly different wording, which highlights the intrinsic new nature of the elect as opposed to that of the non-elect: 


“Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants [doulos:G1401] to obey, his servants [doulos:G1401] ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?”


For [gar:G1063] Of Whom [hos:G3739] A Man [tis:G5100] Is Overcome [hattaomai:G2274]


...for of whom a man is overcome…”  is the next phrase that we want to examine, in which the main word is the idea of being “overcome.” This term only surfaces again in 2 Peter 2:20 (and in 2 Corinthians 12:13) which states:


“For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, [hattaomai:G2274] the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.”


Of The Same [touto:G5129] Is He Brought In Bondage [douloo:G1402]


The last two Greek words in verse 19 make up the English phrase: “...of the same is he brought in bondage.”  Here again we note this truth that was expressed in Romans 6:16 regarding the spiritual dynamic that “no man can serve two masters,” as one reads in the parallel citations of Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13. 


Is He Brought In Bondage [douloo:G1402]


One is indeed “overcome” according to one’s “master,” and one’s master is determined solely by God, not by any power or means arising from the individual. The word “is he brought in bondage” (G1402) stems from the root word, “servant” (G1401) which we discussed earlier, and emerges in 7 other Scriptures, and we’ll consider three of them, one of which has already been mentioned - Romans 6:18 - but because it is so vitally important, bears repeating, along with Romans 6:22, so I will read verses 16-23; please note how God utilizes both these terms - G1401 and G1402 - in this crucial passage:


“Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants [doulos:G1401] ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? {17} But God be thanked, that ye were the servants [doulos:G1401]  of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. {18} Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants [douloo:G1402] of righteousness. {19} I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants [doulos:G1401]  to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants [doulos:G1401]  to righteousness unto holiness. {20} For when ye were the servants [doulos:G1401]  of sin, ye were free from righteousness. {21} What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things [is] death. {22} But now being made free from sin, and become servants [douloo:G1402] to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. {23} For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”


G1402 also surfaces in Acts 7:6, which chronicles the 400 hundred years in which the Israelites were slaves in Egypt - spiritually underscoring unsaved man’s natural condition of being a slave to sin and to Satan - from which each of the elect were delivered from by virtue of Christ’s atonement on their behalf, prior to Creation: 


And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring [douloo:G1402][G0] them into bondage, [douloo:G1402] and entreat [them] evil four hundred years.”


The Root Word For G1402 Is “Deo” (G1210)


As I remarked earlier, the Greek noun “servant” or “bondage” (doulos:G1402) is derived from another Greek noun (douloo:G4101), rendered as “servant” or “bondman;” in turn, G4101 stems from “deo” (G1210), which is found for instance in the following citations: 


Matthew 12:29 encapsulates this idea of both bondage and deliverance, by which Christ freed all His elect during the glorious day of salvation, which lasted 13,023 years: “Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind [deo:G1210] the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.”


Perhaps you recall that we ran across this word when we were examining the account of the two Gadarene demoniacs in Mark 5:3-4 - another wonderful portrait of the Gospel during the day of salvation, in which God applied His Word to regenerate the souls of His people until May 21, 2011, in which this term is translated as both “bind” and “bound”: “Who had [his] dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind [deo:G1210] him, no, not with chains: {4} Because that he had been often bound [deo:G1210] with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters broken in pieces: neither could any [man] tame him.”


I think we’ll stop here today, and Lord willing, pick up with verse 20 next Sunday, Lord willing.


Summary


  • Reminder of the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to test by examining verses 19-22 in particular.
  • We investigated the last three words in verse 18: “from them who live” [anastrepho:G390] in [en:G17222] error [plane:G4106] - and discovered that the ways in which God uses the term, “live” is helpful in giving us a more complete understanding of  “living in error.”
  • Next we looked at the individual words and phases in verse 19:
  •  “while they promise [epaggellomai:G1861] them [autos:G846] liberty” [eleutheria:G1657] - we recognize that these “false prophets/teachers” can only deliver on the lies they promise, because true liberty is only found in the True Gospel of the Bible, during the day of salvation.
  •  “they themselves [autos:G846] are [hyparcho:G5225] the servants [doulos:G1401] of corruption [pthora:G5356] - we encountered the terms, “servants” and “corruption” in our previous studies in 2 Peter, so we briefly reviewed them, and also saw how they are expressed in Romans 6:16.
  •  “for [gar:G1063] of whom [hos:G3739] a man [tis:G5100] is overcome” [hattaomai:G2274] - the expression “overcome” also emerges in verse 20, accentuating the degree of delusion that those who “claim” to be God’s elect are under.
  • “of the same [touto:G5129] is he brought in bondage” [douloo:G1402] - we learned that the term “bondage,” is derived from the word, “servant” (G4101), and relates to the principle that, “no man serve two masters” (found in Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13)
  • Both words - “bondage” (G1402) and its root word, “servant” (G1401) - are also found together in Romans 6:16-23.
  • In turn, the spiritual “bondage” that unsaved man is enslaved by,  is also typified by the root word for “servant” (G1401), which is “deo” (G1210) and surfaces prominently in Matthew 12:29 regarding the “binding” of the “strong man” (or Satan) during the “time and season” of the day of salvation, as well as in the account of the Gadarene demoniacs in Mark 5:3-4, which was discussed in some of our previous studies.
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym
  • Greek Alphabet


Today’s Vocabulary Word










Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym








2 Peter 2 - Part 38

August 19, 2018



2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


Here is what I would like to cover today, Lord willing:


  • Reminder of the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to test by examining verses 19-22 in particular.
  • Today we want to look at some of the words and phrases in verse 20, which include the following:
  • “For [gar:G1063] If [ei:G1487] After They Have Escaped” [apopheugo:G668] - this will be a bit of a review as we already considered G668 in Part 36, which was also our vocabulary word.
  • “The Pollutions [miasma:G3393] Of The World” [kosmos:G2889] - can refer to the elect who truly have escaped the world’s “defilement” that this term implies, as well as those who think they are elect. 
  • “Through [en:G1722] The Knowledge [epignosis:G1922] Of The Lord” [kyrios:G2962] - and we’ll take a closer look at this title, “Lord” (or “Master”) 
  • Then we’ll investigate the next four expressions - “And [kai:G2532] Saviour [soter:G4990] Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ” [Christos:G5547] - two of which are also titles, along with His Name, and we want to examine the 8 verses in which these words appear together.
  • The last of those 8 references is 2 Timothy 1:10, which contains the exceedingly crucial word, “to make manifest” [phaneroo:G5319].  So I want to take a slight detour to review 3 passages, in which that term arises, and its relationship to the Cross in 33 AD. 
  • Then we will discuss the two words -They Are [empleko:G1707] Entangled” [empleko:G1707] - which is only found again in 2 Timothy 1:4; we will learn how this “entanglement”  ties into a “spider’s web.”  
  • The expression,  “Again” [palin:G3825] underscores the reality that the non-elect are slaves to sin, whereas the elect are slaves to righteousness.
  • In conclusion, we’ll examine the term, “And Overcome” [ginomai:G1096] 
  • Summary
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym
  • Greek Alphabet


The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22










Verse 20: “For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.”


For [gar:G1063] If [ei:G1487] After They Have Escaped [apopheugo:G668]


We have already considered the word, “after they have escaped” in Part 36, as it surfaced in verse 18. You might also recall that we discovered it is quite significant because of the way in which God employs it to refer either to the elect, or to those who claim to be God’s elect (but are not), which is really the gist of 2 Peter 2:19-22. This expression only appears in one other place - referring to God’s elect - in 2 Peter 1:4, highlighting the spiritual transformation that took place during the day of salvation:


“Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped [apopheugo:G668] the corruption that is in the world through lust.”


With that in mind, let’s proceed to the next phrase, “...the pollutions of the world…,” which is comprised of two Greek words:


The Pollutions [miasma:G3393] Of The World [kosmos:G2889]


We have encountered the term, “world” in the verse I just quoted - 2 Peter 1:4 - and it also cropped up in 2 Peter 2:5, and we will see it again, Lord willing, in 2 Peter 3:6:


2 Peter 2:5 teaches: “And spared not the old world, [kosmos:G2889] but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world [G2889] of the ungodly;”


And 2 Peter 3:6 reveals: “Whereby the world [kosmos:G2889] that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:”


The Pollutions [miasma:G3393]


The expression, “the pollutions” (a Greek noun) is confined to this one verse, but its root word - which is always rendered as “defiled” (a Greek verb) emerges in the following four citations:



John 18:28, “Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; [miaino:G3392] but that they might eat the passover.”


Titus 1:15, “Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled [miaino:G3392] and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.” [miaino:G3392]


Hebrews 12:15, “Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;” [miaino:G3392]


Once again we see a word that appears in Jude 8, as these two chapters closely parallel each other: “Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile [miaino:G3392] the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.”


Through [en:G1722] The Knowledge [epignosis:G1922] Of The Lord [kyrios:G2962] And [kai:G2532] Saviour [soter:G4990] Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ [Christos:G5547]


Through [en:G1722] The Knowledge [epignosis:G1922] Of The Lord [kyrios:G2962] 


The next phrase - “through the knowledge of the Lord” -  is comprised of  3 words which are contained in three other references, having to do with one of Christ’s titles - “Lord” [or “Master” - “kyrios” (G2962)]. We also want to bear in mind that the “knowledge” in view does not stem from within the individual, but originates from God Himself, as Paul carefully outlined, under divine inspiration, in Galatians 4:9, in which a different word (a verb) - G1097 - is employed:


“But now, after that ye have known [ginosko:G1097] God, or rather are known [ginosko:G1097] of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?”


Keep this verse in mind as I will be commenting more on this later in our study.


Ephesians 1:17 affirms, “That the God of our Lord [kyrios:G2962] Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in [en:G1722]  the knowledge of him:”


Likewise, Colossians 1:10 adds: “That ye might walk worthy of the Lord [kyrios:G2962] 

 unto all pleasing, being fruitful in [en:G1722]  every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;”


And 2 Peter 1:2 maintains: “Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through [en:G1722]  the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,” [kyrios:G2962] 


And [kai:G2532] Saviour [soter:G4990] Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ [Christos:G5547]


The next phrase - “and Savior Jesus Christ” - is made up of four terms, two of which are also titles: “Savior” (the Only One!) and “Christ, ” (or “anointed” One, i.e., the Messiah), in addition to His name “Jesus” (the equivalent of the Hebrew “Joshua”). These 4 words emerge together is 8 other verses, underscoring their Eternal and Holy significance: 


Philippians 3:20 announces: “For our conversation [or “lifestyle”] is in heaven; from whence also [kai:G2532] we look for the Saviour [soter:G4990], the Lord Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ:”[Christos:G5547]


1 Timothy 1:1 makes this tremendous affirmation: “Paul, an apostle of Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ [Christos:G5547] by the commandment of God our Saviour [soter:G4990], and [kai:G2532]  Lord Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ [Christos:G5547], [which is] our hope;


We read this salutation in Titus 1:4 “To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and [kai:G2532] the Lord Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ [Christos:G5547] our Saviour.” [soter:G4990] 


Titus 2:13 pinpoints the object of the elect’s hope: “Looking for that blessed hope, and [kai:G2532]  the glorious appearing of the great God and [kai:G2532]  our Saviour [soter:G4990] Jesus [Iesous:G2424]  Christ;” [Christos:G5547]


2 Peter 1:1 and 11 likewise record: “Simon Peter, a servant and [kai:G2532]  an apostle of Jesus [Iesous:G2424]  Christ [Christos:G5547], to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and [kai:G2532]  our Saviour [soter:G4990]  Jesus [Iesous:G2424]  Christ [Christos:G5547]: ... {11} For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and [kai:G2532]  Saviour [soter:G4990]  Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ.” [Christos:G5547]


2 Peter 3:18 is a wonderful reminder, and is the verse which God has chosen to end the book of 2 Peter : “But grow in grace, and [kai:G2532] [in] the knowledge of our Lord and [kai:G2532] Saviour [soter:G4990]  Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ [Christos:G5547]. To him [be] glory both [kai:G2532]  now and [kai:G2532]  for ever. Amen.”


2 Timothy 1:8-10 boldly proclaim: “Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God; {9} Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, {10} But is [phaneroo:G5319] now made manifest [phaneroo:G5319] by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:”


Please note the exceedingly crucial word in verses 10, “is made manifest,” which is also strengthened by the term, “the appearing” (epiphaneia:G2015 - from which our English word “epiphany” stems from). I’m going to read some key passages shortly which serve to highlight the reality that Christ paid for the sins of the elect, prior to Creation. Then in 33 AD, He actually re-enacted the unimaginable spiritual agony a second time, while being fully engaged mentally, emotionally, psychologically, physically and spiritually - YET WITHOUT SIN - so that all who were present at Golgotha, and all who would ever read the Gospel accounts chronicling the events that led up to His Crucifixion, death, burial and Resurrection would merely “catch a glimpse” of what transpired prior to Creation. For obvious reasons we cannot even begin to comprehend the eternal scope of the actual event in which God the Son became the very antithesis of His Divine Nature - “Un-Holy,” “Subjected to Harm,” “Defiled,”  and “Identified With Sinners ” and “Made Lower than the heavens” -  i.e.: “the lowest “hell” - Subject to the Grave and Annihilation (according to Hebrews 7:26-27), in order to successfully atone for the sins of all the elect, which took place outside of time: 


“For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; {27} Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.”


A Detour To Briefly Review The Word, “Appeared” [phaneroo:G5319]


These next three citations illustrate how God utilizes this word, “appeared” (phaneroo:G5319)


Hebrews 9:24-28 assert, in which G5319 surfaces in verse 26: “For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: {25} Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; {26} For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared [phaneroo:G5319] to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. {27} And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: {28} So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.”


In 1 Peter 1:20, it is rendered as “was manifest”: “Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest [phaneroo:G5319] in these last times for you,”


1 John 2:19 also translates it as “they might be made manifest”: “They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest [phaneroo:G5319] that they were not all of us.”


That brings us to the next clause in 2 Peter 2:20, namely:

 

They Are [empleko:G1707] Again [palin:G3825] Entangled [empleko:G1707] Therein [toutois:G5125] And Overcome [ginomai:G1096]


These 4 expressions are only found together in this verse, so we’ll have to consider them separately:


 They Are [empleko:G1707] Entangled [empleko:G1707] 

 

The word, “they are entangled” only shows up in this verse, and in one other - 2 Timothy 1:4 - as “entangleth himself;” I’ll read verses 1-6 for the sake of the context:


“Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. {2} And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also. {3} Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. {4} No man that warreth entangleth himself [empleko:G1707] 

with the affairs of [this] life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier. {5} And if a man also strive for masteries, [yet] is he not crowned, except he strive lawfully. {6} The husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits.”


In thinking about this word, “entangleth himself,” I was reminded of a spider’s web which scientists have learned that its ability to withstand stress is similar to that of some steel, yet being 6 times less dense, and whole industries have arisen to create and harness this technology and apply it to various fields such as textiles or the automotive industry, etc.  This is known as biomimicry, underscoring once again God’s unparalleled creative genius, which man tries to emulate over and over again, without giving God any credit whatsoever, and insisting that He does not exist!  The spider web is a very accurate picture of  how subtle deception can appear, and yet once trapped, there is no escaping [VIDEO OF SPIDER AND PREY] - AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN - and which Isaiah 59:1-8 records during the day of salvation:


“Behold, the LORD'S hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear: {2} But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid [his] face from you, that he will not hear. {3} For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness. {4} None calleth for justice, nor [any] pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity. {5} They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper. {6} Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works [are] works of iniquity, and the act of violence [is] in their hands. {7} Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts [are] thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction [are] in their paths. {8} The way of peace they know not; and [there is] no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.”


Job 8:13-15 also reiterates this truth -  reminding one of the parable of the man that build his house on sand -  as the word for “web” here is actually “house” (bayith:H1004); in fact it is rendered as “house” in verse 15: “So [are] the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish: {14} Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust [shall be] a spider's web. [bayith:H1004] {15} He shall lean upon his house [bayith:H1004], but it shall not stand: he shall hold it fast, but it shall not endure.”


Again [palin:G3825]


The expression “again,” is noteworthy, as it highlights the return (or going backwards as it were) to “entanglement,” and is employed in verse 9 of Galatians 4:1-9, which we investigated last Sunday when we covered the topic of being a “servant” - either to sin (as the non-elect are) - or to righteousness (as the elect are):


“Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; {2} But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. {3} Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: {4} But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, {5} To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. {6} And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. {7} Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. {8} Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. {9} But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again [palin:G3825] to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?”


And Overcome [ginomai:G1096] [hettaomai:G2274]


The term, “and overcome” contains two words - the first is predominantly translated as “be,” and the second as “overcome,” and we ran across it in verse 19,


“While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome [hettaomai:G2274], of the same is he brought in bondage.” 


Why don’t we stop here today, and  Lord willing, we will examine the last phrase in verse 20 in our next study: “...the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.”


Summary


Today we learned the following:


  • We were reminded of the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]
  • We examined some of the words and phrases in verse 20, which include the following:
  • “For [gar:G1063] If [ei:G1487] After They Have Escaped” [apopheugo:G668] - this was a review since we already considered G668 in Part 36, which was also our vocabulary word in that study.
  • We discovered that “The Pollutions [miasma:G3393] Of The World” [kosmos:G2889] - can refer to the elect who truly have escaped the world’s “defilement” that this term implies, but also to those who think they are elect. 
  • “Through [en:G1722] The Knowledge [epignosis:G1922] Of The Lord” [kyrios:G2962] was the next phase we investigated - and we took a closer look at this title, “Lord” (or “Master”) 
  • We then advanced to the 4 expressions - “And [kai:G2532] Saviour [soter:G4990] Jesus [Iesous:G2424] Christ” [Christos:G5547] - and we understood that two of these _ “Saviour” and “Christ” - are also titles, complementing His Name, which is the Hebrew, “Joshua” or “Jehowshuwa” (H3091) or “Jehovah is salvation,” and we went over the 8 verses in which these 4 words appear together.
  • The last of those 8 references was 2 Timothy 1:10, which contains the exceedingly crucial word, “to make manifest” [phaneroo:G5319].  So we took a slight detour to review 3 passages, in which that term arises, and its relationship to the Cross in 33 AD. 
  • Then we discussed the two words -They Are [empleko:G1707] Entangled” [empleko:G1707] - which is only found again in 2 Timothy 1:4; and we saw how this “entanglement”  ties into a “spider’s web.”  
  • The expression,  “Again” [palin:G3825] underscored the reality that the non-elect are slaves to sin, whereas the elect are slaves to righteousness.
  • In conclusion, we briefly looked at the word “And Overcome” which is comprised of two words: [ginomai:G1096][hettaomai:G2274]; it showed up in our last verse - 2 Peter 2:19, but only as the word, “hettaomai” (G2274)
  • Summary
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word
  • Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym
  • Greek Alphabet



Today’s Vocabulary Word






Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym