Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

Text Studies

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2 Peter 2 - Part 1 /Airdate: September 3, 2017



“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. {4} For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: {10} But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. {11} Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; {13} And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; {14} Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: {15} Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; {16} But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”


The Transition From 2 Peter 1 to 2 Peter 2


The transition from Chapter 1 to Chapter 2 could not be more striking:


“Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. {21} For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost…{2:1} “But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.”


But [de:G1161] There Were [ginomai:G1096] False Prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578] Also [kai:G2532] Among [en:G1722] The People [laos:G2992]


As our verse suggests, there were “false prophets” in the Old Testament, as the following scriptures from the book of Jeremiah underscore, in which these three Hebrew terms appear in each of these passages - “nabiy’ ”(H5030), or “prophets;” “naba’ ”(H5012), or “prophesy;” and “sheqer” (H8267), or “lies,” (once as “falsely”). Keep in mind that these terms do not correspond directly to the Greek words that we are considering in 2 Peter 2:1; nonetheless, they describe the nature and tactics of these individuals. Secondly, the book of Jeremiah is concerned with God’s judgment on Judah and Jerusalem in particular  - since they are a spiritual portrait of God’s wrath on the end-time institutional churches of our day - which lasted for the duration of the final Great Tribulation period, from May 21, 1988 - May 21, 2011:


Jeremiah 5:31 states: The prophets [nabiy’:H5030] prophesy [naba’:H5012] falsely [sheqer:H8267], and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love [to have it] so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?”


Jeremiah 14:14 likewise proclaims, and notice Who is the One making the pronouncement: “Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets [nabiy’:H5030]  prophesy [naba’:H5012]  lies [sheqer:H8267] in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy [naba’:H5012]  unto you a false [sheqer:H8267] vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart.”


Jeremiah 23:25-26 adds: “I have heard what the prophets [nabiy’:H5030] said, that prophesy [naba’:H5012] lies  [sheqer:H8267] in my name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed. {26} How long shall [this] be in the heart of the prophets [nabiy’:H5030]  that prophesy [naba’:H5012]  lies? [sheqer:H8267]  yea, [they are] prophets [nabiy’:H5030] of the deceit of their own heart;”


Lastly Jeremiah 27:14-16 continues this grievously sad commentary: “Therefore hearken not unto the words of the prophets [nabiy’:H5030] that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon: for they prophesy [naba’:H5012] a lie [sheqer:H8267]  unto you. {15] For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, yet they prophesy [naba’:H5012] a lie [sheqer:H8267] in my name; that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets [nabiy’:H5030]  that prophesy [naba’:H5012] unto you. {16} Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets [nabiy’:H5030] that prophesy [naba’:H5012] unto you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD'S house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon: for they prophesy [naba’:H5012] a lie [sheqer:H8267]  unto you.”


False Prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578] 


Alright, with that background in mind let’s return to 2 Peter 2:1. The term, “false prophets”(pseudoprophetes:G5578) is easy to remember in Greek - just think of the word, “pseudo prophets” - or “pseudoprophetes” (with an “es” on the end of “prophet” instead of an “s”). Since it is a compound word, it is made up of the terms, “false” (pseudes:G5571) and “prophets” (prophetes:G4396). This expression is found ten other times in the New Testament, as the subsequent citations testify:


Matthew 7:15 presents a very important warning regarding both the outward appearance as well as the inward nature of such individuals: “Beware of false prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578], which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.”


The disparity between how such individuals appear outwardly, and what is brewing in their hearts, is carefully outlined in 2 Corinthians 11:13-15,


“For such [are] false apostles [pseudapostolos:G5579 - from (pseudes:G5571) and (apostolos:G652)], deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles [apostolos:G652] of Christ. {14} And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. {15} Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.”


The Lord’s incisive assessment of the Pharisees in John 8:44 is applicable here as well:


“Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.”


Here are some more passages that contain this term, “false prophets” (pseudoprophetes:G5578):


Deception was also the chief hallmark of the Great Tribulation and is mentioned three times in Matthew 24; two of these citations - verses 11 and 24 - include this term “false prophets”: “And many false prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578] shall rise, and shall deceive many. ... {24} For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578], and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if [it were] possible, they shall deceive the very elect.”


Luke 6:26 also warns: “Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.” [pseudoprophetes:G5578]


1 John 4:1 is a wonderful verse that accentuates the importance of “try(ing)” (or “proving”) the spirits” - by scrutinizing the Bible with great care: “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578]  are gone out into the world.”


With regard to this matter of “try(ing) (or ‘proving’) the spirits,” Acts 17:10-11 is a encouraging exhortation for each one who claims to be a genuine child of God:


“And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming [thither] went into the synagogue of the Jews. {11}  These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.


Even [kai:G2532] As [hos:G5613] There Shall Be [esomai:G2071] False Teachers [pseudodidaskalos:G5572] Among [en:G1722]  You [hymin:G5213]


We find a similar word to “false prophets” in the next phrase, “...even as there shall be false teachers [pseudodidaskalos:G5572] among you…” In the Greek, this is also a compound word, like “false prophets,” consisting of the terms, “false” (pseudes:G5571) and “teachers” (didaskalos:G1320) and, it appears only here in 2 Peter 2:1. 


Most of the references which include this term, “teacher,” (didaskalos:G1320) or “Master” (or the Lord Jesus), “master,” (with a small “m”) and “doctor” are not necessarily related to “false teachers,” but in 2 Timothy 4:3, we do find a serious admonition, in which false teachers are certainly in view, by virtue of the fact that they are trying to please people: 


“For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; {4} And they shall turn away [their] ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.” [mythos:G3454]


This is why Peter - under divine inspiration - boldly acknowledges in 2 Peter 1:16, which we have discussed previously:


“For we have not followed cunningly devised fables  [mythos:G3454], when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.”


A wonderful example of a faithful prophet who did not capitulate to the whims of people or kings, is Micaiah in 2 Chronicles 18:12-13,


“And the messenger that went to call Micaiah spake to him, saying, Behold, the words of the prophets [declare] good to the king with one assent; let thy word therefore, I pray thee, be like one of theirs, and speak thou good. {13} And Micaiah said, [As] the LORD liveth, even what my God saith, that will I speak.” 


The Difference Between A “True” Prophet And A “False” Prophet


It might be valuable at this point to review the difference between a “true” prophet of God and a “false” prophet. These days people are quick to label someone like Brother Camping - for over 50 years, the most faithful Bible teacher par excellence - as being a “false prophet or a “heretic,” without properly understanding what the Bible teaches concerning this subject. There are two main passages in the Old Testament that speak to this issue. Let’s first consider these, and then, if we have enough time remaining, I would like to use Moses as a further illustration. The first account is in Deuteronomy 18:9-22, in which what the false prophet says does not come to pass and please note the context, which is critical:


“When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. {10} There shall not be found among you [any one] that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, [or] that useth divination, [or] an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, {11} Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. {12} For all that do these things [are] an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee. {13} Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God. {14} For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so [to do]. {15} The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet [The Lord Jesus Christ] from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; {16} According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. {17} And the LORD said unto me, They have well [spoken that] which they have spoken. {18} I will raise them up a Prophet [The Lord Jesus Christ] from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. {19}  And it shall come to pass, [that] whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require [it] of him. {20} But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die. {21} And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? {22} When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that [is] the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, [but] the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously [or “pridefully”]: thou shalt not be afraid of him.” 


Consider the distinction that God is making in verses 20-22:


  • The death penalty for the (false) prophet was reserved for two types of sins: #1  “...presum[ing] to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak…,” and # 2: “...speak[ing] in the name of other gods…”


  • Notice the very opposite qualification in verse 22: “When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD…” 


  • Keep in mind why the death penalty is not prescribed in verse 22, but instead the injunction: “...thou shalt not be afraid [guwr:H1481] of him.”:   “...if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that [is] the thing which the LORD hath not spoken…” 


If there was no distinction between these two scenarios, the penalty would be death in both cases.


The second reference that we want to investigate is Deuteronomy 13:1-18, in which what the false prophet says, does come to pass; I’ll read the entire chapter because once again, the context is very revealing:


“If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, {2} And the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them; {3} Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. {4] Ye shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him. {5} And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he hath spoken to turn [you] away from the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the way which the LORD thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put the evil away from the midst of thee. {6} If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which [is] as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; {7} [Namely], of the gods of the people which [are] round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the [one] end of the earth even unto the [other] end of the earth; {8} Thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him: {9} But thou shalt surely kill him; thine hand shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people. {10} And thou shalt stone him with stones, that he die; because he hath sought to thrust thee away from the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. {11} And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you. {12} If thou shalt hear [say] in one of thy cities, which the LORD thy God hath given thee to dwell there, saying, {13} [Certain] men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known; {14} Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, [if it be] truth, [and] the thing certain, [that] such abomination is wrought among you; {15} Thou shalt surely smite the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, destroying it utterly, and all that [is] therein, and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword. {16} And thou shalt gather all the spoil of it into the midst of the street thereof, and shalt burn with fire the city, and all the spoil thereof every whit, for the LORD thy God: and it shall be an heap for ever; it shall not be built again. {17} And there shall cleave nought of the cursed thing to thine hand: that the LORD may turn from the fierceness of his anger, and shew thee mercy, and have compassion upon thee, and multiply thee, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers; {18} When thou shalt hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep all his commandments which I command thee this day, to do [that which is] right in the eyes of the LORD thy God.”


In this chapter we see the death penalty being prescribed in the case of a sign or wonder that does come to pass, because:


  • The (false) “prophet” or “dreamer of dreams” is  enticing the people to turn away from the LORD - the One, True, Living God of the Bible -  and follow other gods.


  • This would also be applicable in the case of one’s own “brother,” “son” or “daughter” “mother’s son,” “wife,” or “friend.” 


  • Lastly, the same punishment (death) is in view for “the children of Belial,” in one’s own town who would attempt to draw away the inhabitants of that town in order  to serve other gods.


Was Moses A “False Prophet”?


If misunderstanding the timing of an event in the Bible, with much Scriptural validation attached to it, consigns one to being a “false prophet,” Moses surely would fall into that category! Moreover, he did so, with far less evidence - one verse to be exact - even though God had used him to pen the first five books of the Bible (known as the Pentateuch). Of course one never hears the allegation, “Moses was a false prophet!” And yet this man - one of the greatest men in the Bible - a spiritual representation of the Word (or Law) of God as well as the Lord Jesus Christ Himself - MISUNDERSTOOD THE TIMELINE THAT GOD HAD GIVEN HIM, AND ACTED UPON THAT MISUNDERSTANDING IN GOOD FAITH, until God chose to reveal to him what he had only partially gleaned. We read in both Acts 3:22, and 7:37 respectively:


“For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, LIKE UNTO ME; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.”


“This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, LIKE UNTO ME; him shall ye hear.”


Moses was used mightily by God - consider the 10 plagues in Egypt as well as the parting of the Red Sea -  and was unique in that on two separate occasions he spent 40 days and nights in the very presence of God on top of Mount Sinai. In spite of these wonders - and all the miracles that  transpired during the 40 year wilderness journey - Moses was INCORRECT in his understanding of the Biblical timeline revealed to Him by God as he penned the VERY words God gave him (under divine inspiration) in Genesis 15:13, 


“And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them FOUR HUNDRED YEARS;”


We know from the Bible that Moses’ life can be divided up into three, 40-year segments: 1.) being groomed as a Pharaoh; 2.) learning to be a shepherd in Midian; 3.) shepherding the Israelites in the wilderness. He died at the age of 120 years, in 1407 BC, as Deuteronomy 34:7 affirms,


“And Moses [was] AN HUNDRED AND TWENTY YEARS OLD when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.”


According to the Biblical calendar Israel entered Egypt in 1877 BC, and they left Egypt (the Exodus) in 1447 BC, when Moses was 80 years of age, 430 years to “the selfsame day” as we read in Exodus 12:41,


“And it came to pass at the end of the FOUR HUNDRED AND THIRTY YEARS, EVEN THE SELFSAME DAY  it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.”


40 years earlier (1487 BC), when Moses was 40 years of age (1487 BC) we learn the following from Acts 7:17, 23-27, 29-30, and 35-36,


“But when the time of the promise DREW NIGH, which God had sworn to Abraham [Genesis 15:13] the people grew and multiplied in Egypt, ... {23} And when he was FULL FORTY YEARS OLD [1487 BC], it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. {24} And seeing one [of them] suffer wrong, he defended [him], and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian: {25} For he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not. {26} And the next day he shewed himself unto them as they strove, and would have set them at one again, saying, Sirs, ye are brethren; why do ye wrong one to another? {27} But he that did his neighbour wrong thrust him away, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us? ... {29} Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons. {30} And when FORTY YEARS WERE EXPIRED, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush. ... {35} This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send [to be] a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush. {36} He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness FORTY YEARS.” 


From the above account we learn that Moses MISUNDERSTOOD the TIMING of the promise that God had given to Abraham in Genesis 15:13. He also ACTED UPON THAT MISUNDERSTANDING IN GOOD FAITH - although he was incorrect. When we analyze these passages, we might be tempted to think, how could this humble man (that God used in so many great ways) FAILED to have noticed the glaring fact that during the first 30 years of the Israelites’ stay in Egypt, they were under the peaceful and benevolent rule of Joseph? After all, did not Moses literally take the BONES OF JOSEPH out of Egypt? Exodus 13:19 records, 


“And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying [Exodus 50:25], God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.”  


Through all this we must not forget one very important Biblical principle, found in Proverbs 25:2,


“[It is] the glory of God to CONCEAL A THING (or “WORD” - dabar:H1697): but the honour of kings [or “believers”] [is] to search out A MATTER (or “WORD” - dabar:H1697).” 


Not only does God have the prerogative to conceal ALL information, as we shall see below, but He can also conceal PARTIAL REVELATION, as He did in Moses’ case.


We find the same axiom expressed in the New Testament - in Luke 18:31-34,  further underscoring the fact that God MUST open our spiritual eyes and ears to even the simplest truths in the Bible, as He plainly stated what would happen to Him in the matter of His upcoming death, burial, and resurrection; please note the repeated idea of “NOT UNDERSTANDING,” of the truth being “HIDDEN,” and “NOT KNOWING” (until later).


“Then he took [unto him] the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. {32} For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: {33} And they shall scourge [him], and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. {34} And THEY UNDERSTOOD NONE OF THESE THINGS: and this saying WAS HID FROM THEM, neither KNEW THEY  the things which were spoken.”


Well, on that humbling note, we’ll stop here, and pick up our examination of 2 Peter 2:1 next Sunday, Lord willing.

 







2 Peter 2 - Part 2 /Airdate: September 10, 2017



“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. 


We have embarked on 2 Peter 2, and the contrast between chapter 1 and chapter 2 could not be more striking. In 2 Peter 1 we noted in broad brush strokes the following:


  • The “like precious faith” of Christ is the only means of righteousness.
  • God’s “grace and peace” is “multiplied” for the child of God through the knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ.
  • “Having escaped the corruption of the world through lust,” the child of God has been given “exceeding great and precious promises...” 
  • Besides the priceless gift of faith, the genuine Christian has also been given: “virtue,” “knowledge,””temperance,” (“self control”) “patience,” “brotherly kindness,” and “charity” (“love”).
  • Furthermore, if these qualities are “in” one’s life and “abound,” the true Christian will neither be “...barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
  • The person who lacks these things is spiritually blind, hence the admonition to “...make your calling and election sure.”
  • Although each of the elect have been “...established in the present truth,” Peter, under divine inspiration, makes the point (three times - highlighting “the purpose of God”) that he is to bring to their “...remembrance... these things.”
  • He then emphasizes the superiority of the Scriptures - as the Divine Word - insisting they they are not “cunningly devised fables,” but absolutely trustworthy, and even more reliable than what he saw and heard - as an “eyewitness[es] of his majesty” -  that day on the Mount of Transfiguration, in which Christ “...received from God the Father honor and glory.” 
  • The chapter concludes with the glorious affirmation that the Scriptures are not subject to human interpretation, nor did they originate from the creature man, as verses 20b-21 maintain: “...no prophecy of the scripture is of any private [“one’s own”] interpretation. {21} For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.”

Please notice the difference in chapter 2:


  • In the Old Testament there were “false prophets,” even as there will be “false teachers” throughout the church age (and up to the present day).
  • Their “damnable heresies” will result in their “swift destruction.”
  • “Many shall follow their pernicious ways...” thus the “...way of truth shall be evil spoken of.” [or “blasphemed”]
  • These false teachers will appeal to man’s covetousness, by twisting the Scriptures, in an attempt to “sell” their spiritual wares, leading to their eventual destruction.
  • He then gives some Old Testament examples of judgment: the “fallen angels,” the world of Noah’s day, and Sodom and Gomorrah.
  • We also learn that Lot’s “righteous soul” was “vexed” each day by what he saw and heard.
  • In spite of these things, God lays down a very important principle in verse 9: “The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”
  • The “unjust” are characterized in the following manner: “...walk[ing] after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness”... “despise government”... “presumptuous”... “selfwilled”... “not afraid to speak evil of dignities”... “speak evil of the things that they understand not”... “count it pleasure to riot in the day time”... “spots [they are] and blemishes”... “sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you”... “Having eyes full of adultery”... “cannot cease from sin”... “beguiling unstable souls”... “an heart they have exercised with covetous practices”... “cursed children”... “Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray”... “wells without water”... “clouds that are carried with a tempest”... “speak[ing] great swelling [words] of vanity”... “they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness those that were clean escaped from them who live in error”... “While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption”... 
  • God also makes the point that “angels” do not make  such “railing accusations,” but commit them to the Lord.
  • These individuals are: “made to be taken and destroyed”... “shall utterly perish in their own corruption”... “shall receive the reward of unrighteousness”...”following the way of Balaam”
  • God then elaborates on the fate of Balaam, “who loved the wages of unrighteousness,” and was “rebuked” by his donkey.
  • God also lays down this significant principle: “for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage” 
  • This last principle is highlighted by the illustrations in verses 20-22, “For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”
  • One last point is that we are going to discover in this chapter many similarities - including the same Greek words and phrases - with the book of Jude, once again reinforcing the glorious truth that there is only One Divine Author of the Bible, as these next citations testify:


Luke 1:70 proclaims, “As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:”


Acts 3:21 likewise asserts, “Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began”

 

The reason I made this comparison is because in Bible study we recognize that God speaks in parables, uses metaphors, and often times points out differences as well as similarities in order to get across the spiritual truths that He wants to impress upon His people. Most importantly, He is the One who causes His children to “grow in grace,” and if we are to be very honest about this, the greatest growth takes place in times of great adversity. So when we are facing such trials which will surely come, we must refocus our attention on “things above,” as we read in Colossians 3:1-6,


If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. {2} Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth. {3} For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. {4} When Christ, [who is] our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory. {5} Mortify [“put to death”] therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: {6} For which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobedience:


Moreover, God’s elect are absoutely not to complain about what God in His Wisdom puts on our plate, as it were - this is what the Israelites did in the wilderness - but remember the exceedingly serious admonition in 1 Corinthians 10:1-13,


“Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; {2} And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; {3} And did all eat the same spiritual meat; {4} And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. {5} But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. {6} Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. {7} Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. {8} Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. {9} Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. {13} There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it].”  


The preceding passage indicates in no uncertain terms that God is not “playing games” when He gives such commands as to “not murmur” - consider what God says in Numbers 14:26-35, 


“And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, {27} How long [shall I bear with] this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. {28} Say unto them, [As truly as] I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: {29} Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, {30} Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, [concerning] which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. {31} But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. {32} But [as for] you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. {33} And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness. {34} After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, [even] forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, [even] forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. {35} I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.”


 We also want to keep in mind that God is always “pruning” His people in order to produce the “peaceable fruit of righteousness,” which is necessary for our spiritual growth and maturity, as we read in verse 11 of Hebrews 12:5-13,


“And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: {6} For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. {7} If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not? {8} But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons. {9} Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live? {10} For they verily for a few days chastened [us] after their own pleasure; but he for [our] profit, that [we] might be partakers of his holiness. {11} Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby. {12} Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; {13} And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.”


With that in mind let’s get back to verse 1, in which we left off at the phrase,


Who [hostis:G3748] Privily Shall Bring In [pareisago:G3919] Damnable [apoleia:G684] Heresies [hairesis:G139]


The words in the phrase, “...who privily shall bring in damnable heresies…” do not appear together at all, so we will have to examine them individually, beginning with the expression, “damnable,” or  “destruction” which is the same Greek word, “apoleia” (G684), and is primarily translated as “perdition” and “destruction,” and the end of verse 1 (as “destruction”); also in verses 2 and 3 of this same chapter, it appears as “pernicious ways” and “damnation” respectively: 


“And many shall follow their pernicious ways [apoleia:G684]; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation [apoleia:G684] slumbereth not.”


When we arrive at verses 7 and 16 of  2 Peter 3, Lord willing, we will encounter this word again, rendered as “perdition” and “destruction” respectively:


“But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition [apoleia:G684] of ungodly men. ... {16} As also in all [his - i.e., “Paul” - under divine inspiration] epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.”[apoleia:G684]


Here are some other examples of how God employs this word:


Philippians 3:18-19 sadly records:  “(For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ: {19} Whose end [is] destruction [apoleia:G684], whose God [is their] belly, and [whose] glory [is] in their shame, who mind earthly things.)”


In Acts 8:18-20, Peter uses this word in his stern rebuke to Simon the sorcerer: “And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money, {19} Saying, Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, he may receive the Holy Ghost. {20} But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish [eien:G1498] [eis:G1519]  [apoleia:G684] with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money.”


Heresies [hairesis:G139]


The word, “heresies” is found 9 times, as “sect” or “heresy.” Here are a few examples:


It appears in verse 5 and 14 of Acts 24  as “of the sect” and “heresy” respectively: “And after five days Ananias the high priest descended with the elders, and [with] a certain orator [named] Tertullus, who informed the governor against Paul. {2} And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accuse [him], saying, Seeing that by thee we enjoy great quietness, and that very worthy deeds are done unto this nation by thy providence, {3}  We accept [it] always, and in all places, most noble Felix, with all thankfulness. {4} Notwithstanding, that I be not further tedious unto thee, I pray thee that thou wouldest hear us of thy clemency a few words. {5} For we have found this man [a] pestilent [fellow], and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect [hairesis:G139] of the Nazarenes: {6} Who also hath gone about to profane the temple: whom we took, and would have judged according to our law. {7} But the chief captain Lysias came [upon us], and with great violence took [him] away out of our hands, {8} Commanding his accusers to come unto thee: by examining of whom thyself mayest take knowledge of all these things, whereof we accuse him. {9} And the Jews also assented, saying that these things were so. {10} Then Paul, after that the governor had beckoned unto him to speak, answered, Forasmuch as I know that thou hast been of many years a judge unto this nation, I do the more cheerfully answer for myself: {11} Because that thou mayest understand, that there are yet but twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem for to worship. {12} And they neither found me in the temple disputing with any man, neither raising up the people, neither in the synagogues, nor in the city: {13} Neither  can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me. {14} But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy [hairesis:G139], so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets: {15} And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.”


It’s also mentioned in Galatians 5:19-21 as part of the “works of the flesh”: “Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, {20} Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, {21} Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.”


 Even [kai:G2532] Denying [arneomai:G720] The Lord [despotes:G1203] That Bought [agorazo:G59] Them [autos:G846]


The terms, “denying” and “the Lord” are only found in Jude 1:4, which is a similar assessment, yet with some additional information that expands our understanding concerning the phrase “...denying the Lord that bought them…” which, when looked at in isolation might lead one to erroneously conclude: “Well, ‘if the Lord bought them,’ then they must be saved,” which is not the case at all:


Jude 1:4 states: “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying [arneomai:G720] the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”


Other illustrations of how God utilizes this word, “denying,” are found in 2 Timothy 3:5 and Titus 1:16, respectively:


“Having a form of godliness, but denying [arneomai:G720]  the power thereof: from such turn away.”


“They profess that they know God; but in works they deny [arneomai:G720]  [him], being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.”


That Bought [agorazo:G59]


Getting back to the idea of the Lord “buying” or “redeeming” these individuals, which appears contradictory, there is another way to “buy” - in the sense of what is being described in Matthew 13:44, 


“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.” 


When we look at the surrounding context of Matthew 13:37-43, we get a clearer picture of what is in view:


“He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; {38}  The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked [one]; {39}  The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. [“messengers” - “Believers”]{40} As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. {41} The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; {42} And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. {43} Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.”


We’ll stop here today, and Lord willing, pick this up next Sunday.








2 Peter 2 - Part 3 /Airdate: September 17, 2017



“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. 


In our last study I left off at the phrase in verse 1, “...and bring upon themselves swift destruction.”


And Bring [epago:G1863] Upon Themselves [heautou:G1438] Swift [tachinos:G:5031] Destruction [apoleia:G684]


Last Sunday, we investigated this word, “destruction,” which is the fate of all “false teachers,” as well as all the non-elect for that matter. The term “swift” is only used one other time in verse 14 of 2 Peter 1:13-15, and is translated as “shortly.” I mentioned it in some of our chapter 1 studies, in the context of bringing the truths of Scriptures to the elect’s remembrance:


“I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle [his body], to stir you up by putting [you] in remembrance [hypomnesis:G5280; {14} Knowing that shortly [tachinos:G:5031] I must put off [this] my tabernacle [his body], even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath shewed me. {15} Moreover I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.” [mneme:H3420]


[Epago:G1863] 


The expression, “And bring” (epago:G1863) in the phrase, “and bring upon themselves swift destruction” in 2 Peter 1:1 is describing what these false teachers “reap” according to what they have “sown,” as outlined in Galatians 6:8a,


“For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption…” [phthora:G5356]


In verse 5 of 2 Peter 2, it is rendered as “bringing in,” in which God unleashes His Flood upon the world of Noah’s day: “And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in [epago:G1863] the flood upon the world of the ungodly;”



And in verse 28 of Acts 5:27-35 and 38-41 translates this as  “to bring,” in which the Jewish council is reacting to Peter’s (and the other apostles’) words, by accusing them of attempting to hold the council liable for Jesus’ death: “And when they had brought them, they set [them] before the council: and the high priest asked them, {28} Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring [epago:G1863] this man's blood upon us. {29} Then Peter and the [other] apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men. {30} The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. {31} Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. {32} And we are his witnesses of these things; and [so is] also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him. {33} When they heard [that], they were cut [to the heart], and took counsel to slay them. {34} Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the apostles forth a little space; {35} And said unto them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend to do as touching these men. ... {38} And now I say unto you, Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought: {39} But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God. {40} And to him they agreed: and when they had called the apostles, and beaten [them], they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. {41} And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name.”


Verse 2: And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 


And [kai:G2532] Many [polys:G4183] Shall Follow [exakoloutheo:G1811] Their [autos:G846] Pernicious Ways [apoleia:G684]


The next phrase we want to turn our attention to in verse 2 is: “And many shall follow their pernicious ways…” which is comprised of 5 Greek words; we have just considered the term, “pernicious ways,” which is rendered as “destruction” at the end of 2 Peter 1:1, and in verse 3 it is translated as “damnation.” You might also recall that in  2 Peter 3:7 and 16 it is expressed as “perdition” and “destruction” referring to the “ungodly” and those who are “unlearned and unstable” respectively.



Many [polys:G4183] Shall Follow [exakoloutheo:G1811] 


The next phrase is a sad but accurate commentary about those who subscribe to these “false teachers” and their erroneous doctrines: “...many shall follow…” These two terms only appear together in this passage, so we will have to look at them individually:


The word, “many” appears 365 times, and is predominantly rendered as “many,” “much,” and “great,” as these next citations reveal:


Matthew 7:13 pinpoints the “gate” or “way” that most of the world is travelling; note the identical word as “pernicious ways,” used here as “destruction”: “Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide [is] the gate, and broad [is] the way, that leadeth to destruction [apoleia:G684], and many [polys:G4183] there be which go in thereat:”


Matthew 24:5 and 11 highlight the spiritual climate that pervaded the Great Tribulation:  “For many [polys:G4183]  shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. [polys:G4183]... {11} And many [polys:G4183] false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.” [polys:G4183]  


Verse 60 of Matthew 26:59-66 reveals the strategy of the Jewish leaders to put Jesus to death: “Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; {60} But found none: yea, though many [polys:G4183]  false witnesses came, [yet] found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, {61} And said, This [fellow] said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. {62} And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee? {63} But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. {64} Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. {65} Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy [blasphemeo:G987]; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. [blasphemia:G988] {66} What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.”


1 John 4:1 offers this warning, which has always been applicable for the child of God: “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try [dokimazo:G1381 - “prove,” “examine,” “approve,” etc. - 1 Corinthians 2:13; Acts 17:11]  the spirits whether they are of God: because many [polys:G4183]  false prophets are gone out into the world.”


Likewise, 2 John 1:7 concurs: “For many [polys:G4183] deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.”


The term “shall follow” (exakoloutheo:G190) only appears two other times, besides here in  2 Peter 2:2 (and only in 1 and 2 Peter):


I’ll read 2 Peter 2:2 again: “And many shall follow [exakoloutheo:G1811] their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way [hodos:G3598] of truth shall be evil spoken of.”


You might recall that we spent some time discussing verse 16 of 2 Peter 1, which is rendered as “we have followed” (including the negation, “not”): “For we have [exakoloutheo:G1811] [G0] not  followed [exakoloutheo:G1811] cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.”


Please note that the identical word “the way,” in 2 Peter 2:2 is also found in 2 Peter 2:15 twice, “Which have forsaken the right way [hodos:G3598], and are gone astray, following [exakoloutheo:G1811] the way [hodos:G3598] of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;”


 By Reason Of [dia:G1223] Whom [hos:G3739] 


These next two terms, “by reason of” and “whom” in verse 2, are utilized in verse 24 of  Matthew 26:20-25, with regard to the betrayal by Judas Iscariot: “Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve. {21} And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. {22} And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I? {23} And he answered and said, He that dippeth [his] hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. {24} The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom [dia:G1223] [hos:G3739] the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born. {25} Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.”


In Mark 13:20 a positive usage of these two words, in which the elect are benefitted spiritually with regard to the first 2300 days of the Great Tribulation, when virtually nobody was saved - in comparison to the “great multitude” that God redeemed during the “latter rain” - the last 17 years of the Great Tribulation; these two words appear as “for” and “whom”: “And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for [dia:G1223] the elect's sake, whom [hos:G3739]  he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.” 


In speaking to the non-elect Jews, verse 23 of Romans 2:17-23 affirms: “Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God, {18} And knowest [his] will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law; {19} And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, {20} An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law. {21} Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? {22} Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege? {23} Thou [hos:G3739] that makest thy boast of the law, through [dia:G1223] breaking the law dishonourest thou God?”


2 Corinthians 5:10 speaks to our present day:  “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [dia:G1223]  [his] body, according to that [hos:G3739] he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.”


Lastly, verse 14 of Revelation 13:11-14 also speaks of deception during the Great Tribulation, when Satan was “loosed” during the “little season” of the Great Tribulation. These two words appear twice as “by” and “which”: And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. {12} And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. {13} And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men, {14} And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [dia:G1223]  [the means of] those miracles which [hos:G3739] he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which [hos:G3739] had the wound by [dia:G1223] a sword, and did live.”


The Way [hodos:G3598] Of Truth [aletheia:G225]


Let’s consider the two terms, “the way” and “truth” since they do surface together in 4 other passages, and then we can take a look at the word, “shall be evil spoken of.”


Matthew 22:16, Luke 20:21, and Mark 12:14 all describe the same account (but from different perspectives); for the sake of time, I’ll just read the Mark 12:14 version: “And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way [hodos:G3598] of God in truth [aletheia:G225]: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?”


Most notably, John 14:6 gloriously announces Christ’s awesome Nature, Person, and Work: “Jesus saith unto him, I am the way  [hodos:G3598], the truth [aletheia:G225], and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.”


Shall Be Evil Spoken Of [blasphemeo:G987]


The last Greek term in verse 2 is rendered by the English phrase, “...shall be evil spoken of.” [blasphemeo:G987] Our English word, “blaspheme,” is derived from this Greek word, “blasphemeo” (G987), which is a Greek verb, and is found 35 times in the New Testament in the following ways:  blaspheme (17x), speak evil of (10x), rail on(2x), blasphemer (1x), speak blasphemy(1x), blasphemously (1x), and in 3 other miscellaneous ways. 


We will see this word again in verses 10 and 12 of this same chapter, in which it is translated as “to speak evil,” and “speak evil” respectively - with regard to these same “false teachers”:


“But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil [blasphemeo:G987] of dignities. ... {12} But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil [blasphemeo:G987] of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;”


Another example of this word is found in verse 45 of Acts 13:26-51, which is rendered, “blaspheming,” - and those in view (i.e., the Jews) even went so far as to as to display their animosity physically in verse 50. In the historical context, Paul and Barnabas, visitors to a synagogue in Antioch of Pisidia, were asked by the rulers if they wanted to exhort the congregation, and so Paul, under God’s guidance,  took the opportunity to offer these words (as part of the “rehearsal” of God’s dealings with Israel):  


“Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent. {27} For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled [them] in condemning [him]. {28} And though they found no cause of death [in him], yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. {29} And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took [him] down from the tree, and laid [him] in a sepulchre. {30} But God raised him from the dead: {31} And he was seen many days of them which came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses unto the people. {32} And we declare unto you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made unto the fathers, {33} God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. {34} And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, [now] no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David. {35} Wherefore he saith also in another [psalm], Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. {36} For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption: {37} But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption. {38} Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: {39} And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. {40} Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets; {41} Behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you. {42} And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. {43} Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. {44} And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God. {45} But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming [blasphemeo:G987]. {46} Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. {47} For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth. {48} And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed. {49} And the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region. {50} But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts. {51} But they shook off the dust of their feet against them, and came unto Iconium.”


What is noteworthy about Paul’s address, under divine inspiration, is the fact that he himself was (past tense) “a blaphemer” as he noted in another verse - 1 Timothy 1:12-13 - in which this Greek adjective, “a blasphemer,” (blasphemos:G989) is the root or parent word of the word we are considering in 2 Peter 2:2,


“And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry; {13} Who was before a blasphemer [blasphemos:G989], and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did [it] ignorantly in unbelief.”


I mentioned previously that we’re going to discover similar words and phrases in 2 Peter 2 with the book of Jude - and here is an example, in which this identical term (G987) is translated as “speak evil” in verses 8 and 10, and the context is similar with regard to “ungodly men”:


“Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil [blasphemeo:G987] of dignities. ... {10} But these speak evil [blasphemeo:G987] of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.”


G987 is also seen in verse 6 of Revelation 13:1-8, which we were discussing earlier today with regard to deception, and we see it again now, in which it is rendered as “to blaspheme”: 


“And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. [blasphemia:G988] {2} And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as [the feet] of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority. {3} And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast. {4} And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who [is] like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? {5} And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies [blasphemia:G988]; and power was given unto him to continue forty [and] two months. {6} And he opened his mouth in blasphemy [blasphemia:G988] against God, to blaspheme [blasphemeo:G987] his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. {7} And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. {8} And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”


In reading this passage you might be wondering about some of the other words rendered as some form of “blasphemy” or “blasphemies,” which appear in verses 1, 5, and 6. In each of these occurrences, it is the noun form - “blasphemia” (G988).


Let’s continue on to verse 3, which states:


Verse 3: And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. 


In the first half of this verse, we are introduced to three sins that are employed by these “false teachers”:


  1. “Covetousness”
  2. “Feigned words”
  3. “Make merchandise of you”


And [kai:G2532] Through [en:1722] Covetousness [pleonexia:G4124] 


The three words, “and through covetousness” are only found together in the following references:


Luke 12:15 presents this important warning: “And he said unto them, Take heed, and [kai:G2532] beware of covetousness [pleonexia:G4124]: for a man's life consisteth not in [en:1722]  the abundance of the things which he possesseth.”


Verse 3 of Ephesians 5:1-7 likewise exhorts: “Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; {2} And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour. {3} But [kai:G2532]  fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness [pleonexia:G4124], let it not be once named among [en:1722] you, as becometh saints; {4} Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. {5} For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. {6} Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. {7} Be not ye therefore partakers with them.”


Shall They With Feigned [plastos:G5112] Words [logos:G3056] 


Once again the two expressions, “shall they with feigned” and “words” are only found in this passage, so we’ll have to examine them separately.  “shall they with feigned” (G5112) is only found in our verse; its root word, “plasso” (G4111), which in turn, surfaces in these next two citations:


Romans 9:20 reveals: “Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [plasso:G4111] [it], Why hast thou made me thus?”


1 Timothy 2:13 states: “For Adam was first formed [plasso:G4111], then Eve.”


“Feigned (or ‘counterfeit’) words” are certainly not the “words of life,” which are typified by the words of the Bible alone. 


Here are some examples from the Old Testament regarding “lying” and “corrupt” words of “falsehood;” these are obviously Hebrew words, yet they convey the same idea spiritually:


Jeremiah 29:23 asserts, “Because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying [sheqer:H8267]

 words [dabar:H1697] in my name, which I have not commanded them; even I know, and [am] a witness, saith the LORD.”


Likewise, Isaiah 59:13 declares, “In transgressing and lying [kachash:H3584] against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words [dabar:H1697] of falsehood.” [sheqer:H8267]


In Daniel 2:9 we also learn of Nebuchadnezzar's assessment of his own “magicians,” “astrologers,” “sorcerers,” and Chaldeans: “But if ye will not make known unto me the dream, [there is but] one decree for you: for ye have prepared lying [kedab:H3538] and corrupt [shechath:H7844] words [millah:H4406] to speak before me, till the time be changed: therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that ye can shew me the interpretation thereof. ”


Make Merchandise [emporeuomai:G1710] Of You [hymas:G5209]


These two word only appear together in this verse, so let’s examine the term, “make merchandise,” which only shows up in James 4:13, as “buy and sell,” and curiously this word is doubled:


“Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell  [emporeuomai:G1710]  [emporeuomai:G1710], and get gain:”


When we look for other places in Scripture to understand the spiritual implications of “buying and selling” we find that Isaiah 55:1 is very helpful indeed, in which Christ as the “Merchant man” is “selling” the Gospel at no charge:


“Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine [“the life of Christ”] and milk [“the milk of the Word”] without money and without price. {2} Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness. {3} Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.”


You will note the many times the word, “come” appears in this citation. We have to keep in mind the qualification for “coming,” as outlined in John 6:35, 37, 39, and 44:


“And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. ... {37} All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. ... {39} And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. ... {44} No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.” 


Revelation 13:15-17 also addresses this issue of “buying and selling”- or “merchandizing” the Gospel, as it is used in


“And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. {12} And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. {13} And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men, {14} And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [the means of] those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live. {15} And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. {16} And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand [representing one’s will], or in their foreheads [symbolizing one’s mind]: {17} And that no man might buy or sell [emporeuomai:G1710] [emporeuomai:G1710], save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.”


The idea of “buying and selling” can also be seen with regard to the 5 “foolish virgins” who lacked “oil” (representing the Holy Spirit) - representing those within the churches  and were directed by the 5 “wise virgins” to go to “them” (the “Godhead”) that sell, and buy for yourselves”  in verse 14 of Matthew 25: 2-13,


“And five of them were wise, and five [were] foolish. {3} They that [were] foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: {4} But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. {5} While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. {6} And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him. {7} Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. {8} And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. {9} But the wise answered, saying, [Not so]; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. {10} And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut. {11} Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. {12} But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not. {13} Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.”







2 Peter 2 - Part 4 /Air Date: September 24, 2017



“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. {4} For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


In our last study, we left off at the second half of verse 3, referring to the “false teachers” and “false prophets” back in verse 1: “...whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.” These two phrases are expressing the same idea, while using different terms. Let’s consider the first phrase for now: “... whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not…”


Whose [hos:G3739] Judgment [krima:G2917] Now Of A Long Time [ekpalai:G1597] Lingereth [argeo:G691] Not [ou:G3756]


The term, “judgment” (krima:G2917) is found 28 times in the New Testament, and is predominantly translated as: “judgment,” “damnation,” and “condemnation” and in a few others ways. Where this word stands out, is in the number of varied contexts, in which it is applied, as opposed to some other words that are rendered by 20 or 30 synonyms. 


As I have mentioned previously, Jude is very parallel to 2 Peter 2, as it covers the same subject matter - namely, “ungodly men” -  and in verse 4, this word is translated, “condemnation”: “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, [krima:G2917] ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”



In verse 40 of Luke 23:32-23, and 39-43 we read of the Crucifixion account, in which the Lord Jesus and two other criminals were sentenced to death: “And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. {33} And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. ... {39} And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. {40} But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? [krima:G2917] {41} And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. {42} And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. {43} And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.”


This historical account is a spiritual portrait of the atonement which took place prior to Creation, in which both the elect (typified by the man on the right - representing the “sheep”), and the non-elect (symbolized by the man on the left - exemplifying the “goats”), as Matthew 25:33 records,


 “And he shall set the sheep [probaton:G4263] on his right hand, but the goats [eriphion:G2055] on the left.


In 2 Peter - Part 1 we looked at the very appropriate warning that Matthew 7:15 gives regarding these same “false prophets” or “false teachers” (pseudodidaskalos:G5572), who are the very ones, “...whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.” 


“Beware of false prophets [pseudoprophetes:G5578], which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.”


In verse 39 of John 9:39-41, Jesus points out one aspect of His multifaceted judgment:  “And Jesus said, For judgment [krima:G2917] I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind. {40} And [some] of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also? {41} Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.”


This particular view of His judgment reminds us of the words of Isaiah 6:9-10, which are so powerful in their implications that they are repeated a half a dozen times or so in the New Testament:


“And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. {10} Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.”


On the other hand, verse 16 of Romans 5:12-21 pinpoints the origin of mankind’s sin with the “first” Adam, and the solution for the sins of the elect with the “second” Adam - the Lord Jesus Christ - as He atoned for their sins, prior to the foundation of the world:


“Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: {13} (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. {14} Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him [Christ] that was to come. {15} But not as the offence, so also [is] the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, [which is] by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. {16} And not as [it was] by one that sinned, [so is] the gift: for the judgment [krima:G2917]  [was] by one to condemnation [katakrima:G2631], but the free gift [is] of many offences unto justification. {17} For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) {18} Therefore as by the offence of one [judgment came] upon all men to condemnation [katakrima:G2631]; even so by the righteousness of one [the free gift came] upon all men unto justification of life. {19} For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. {20} Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: {21} That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.”


Romans 11:33 really sums up the incomprehensible “depths” of true wisdom and knowledge contained in the Bible, which as far as we on earth are concerned, is infinite; by God’s enabling, these marvels and so many more will continue to be  accessible to each child of God, throughout eternity, who among other things, will be seated at Jesus’ feet to hear His blessed wisdom: “O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable [are] his judgments,[G2917] and his ways past finding out!”



We are quite familiar with the beginning of God’s end-time judgment program, which began at His own “house” - the churches and denominations -  as the Old Testament prophets accurately foretold, and as 1 Peter 4:17 maintains: “For the time [is come] that judgment [krima:G2917] must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?”


Verse 20 of Revelation 18:20-24 brings us right up to our present “day of judgment,” in which God is judging the earth, along with His saints, as they always work in tandem, according to God’s divine will:  “Rejoice over her, [thou] heaven, and [ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged [krima:G2917] you on her. {21} And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast [it] into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. {22} And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft [he be], shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee; {23} And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived. {24} And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.”


Now Of A Long Time [ekpalai:G1597] Lingereth [argeo:G691] Not [ou:G3756]


The next word we want to investigate is: “...now of a long time,” which only appears one other time in 2 Peter 3:5, as “of old”:


“For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, [ekpalai:G1597] and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:”


The term “ekpalai” (G1597) is a compound word, made up of “ek-” (G1537), a preposition, commonly rendered as “of,” “from,” or “out of,” and the main word, “palai” (G3819), which is an adverb having to do with time. For example, it occurs in Jude 4 [which I quoted earlier, when we were examining the term, “krima” (G2917) or “condemnation”], as “of old”: 


“For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old [palai:G3819] ordained to this condemnation, [krima:G2917] ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”


We also ran into this word in 2 Peter 1:9, in which it is translated as “old”: “But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old [palai:G3819] sins.”


Lingereth [argeo:G691] Not [ou:G3756]


The next two words, “lingereth not” in the phrase,  “...whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not... almost seems contradictory, but when we read a similar kind of statement in the context of 2 Peter 3:5, which I just mentioned with respect to the term “of old” or “now of a long time” (as in our verse), one readily sees that God keeps to His own timetable, not man’s; I’ll read 2 Peter 3:3-7,


“Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, {4} And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation. {5} For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: {6} Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: {7} But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.”


These two terms, “lingereth not” only appear together here in 2 Peter 2:3. The root word for “lingereth” (argeo:G691) is “argos” (G692), which is only found in six citations, usually as “idle,” and once as “slow,” and “[be] barren;” as a matter of fact, we encountered this word, “[be] barren,” in 2 Peter 1:8,


“For if these things be in you, and abound, they make [you that ye shall] neither [be] barren [argos:G692] nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.”


“Argos” (G692) itself is a compound word, composed of the alpha negative (alpha:G1), and the term for “work” (ergon:G2041) - in other words, “not working,” so we can understand why the translators rendered it as “idle,” “slow,” or “barren,” as these next passages indicate:


In Matthew 20:3 and 6 we read about the parable of the owner of the vineyard hiring laborers, in which the word, “idle” crops up three times: “And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle [argos:G692] in the marketplace, ... {6} And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, [argos:G692] and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle? [argos:G692]


In Titus 1:12 it is rendered as “slow”: “One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow [argos:G692] bellies.”


It’s helpful to see what the Old Testament says about the English word, “linger,” since I have not found a “word bridge,” to connect this Greek term, “lingereth” (argeo:G691) with its Hebrew equivalent:


In Genesis 19:16 we learn about Lot “lingering” in Sodom, in attempting to warn his family of God’s impending judgment; this is relevant to 2 Peter 2, as Gods uses him as an example a little later in this chapter: And while he lingered, [mahahh:H4102] the men [God Himself  - typified by the two “messengers] laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.”


We also encountered this word in our study of Judges 3:26, with regard to Eglon’s [representing Satan] servants: “And Ehud escaped while they tarried, [mahahh:H4102] and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath.”


Hab 2:3 points to our current “day of judgment” (the second occurrence is an altogether different word): “For the vision [is] yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, [mahahh:H4102] wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry.”[’achar:H309]


The next phrase that we want to examine in 2 Peter 2:3 is: “... and their damnation slumbereth not.”


And [kai:G2532] Their [autos:G846] Damnation [apoleia:G684] Slumbereth [nystazo:G3573] Not [ou:G3756]


As I mentioned earlier, this phrase is a re-statement if you will of the one preceding it: “... whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not…”


We have already considered the word, “damnation” (or “perdition,” “pernicious,” and “destruction”) in our previous lessons in this chapter, as these terms appeared in verses 1-3, as well as in 2 Peter 3:7 and 16. So, let’s move on to the next word, “slumbereth,” which is only found one other time in verse 5 of Matthew 25:1-13, as “slumbered” referring to the spiritual condition that existed within the churches and denominations - and was applicable to both the elect and non-elect - during the 1955 years of the church age (May 22, 33 AD - May 21, 1988):


“While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered [nystazo:G3573] and slept.”


In this context, “slumbering” or “sleeping” - which normally is indicative of death - is not in view here; instead it is typifying God not opening a person’s spiritual eyes (hence they are “closed,” as when one is sleeping), as I alluded to earlier in Isaiah 6:9-10 which I’ll repeat because it is so significant in this regard,


“And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. {10} Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.”


This same truth is also expressed in both Isaiah 29:10-12, and Daniel 8:18-19 respectively, in conjunction with “sleeping”:


“For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered. {11} And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which [men] deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it [is] sealed: {12} And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.”


The Daniel passage also ties into God’s command to Daniel in Daniel 12:4 and 9, which in turn related to the “unsealing” of the book in Revelation 5:1-10


Daniel 12:4 and 9, “But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, [even] to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. ... {9} And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words [are] closed up and sealed till the time of the end.


Revelation 5:1-10 reveals this amazing event, which took place on May 21, 1988, and the beginning of the Great Tribulation: “And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. {2} And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? {3} And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. {4} And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon. {5} And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. {6} And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. {7} And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne. {8} And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. {9} And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; {10} And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.”


Now we can better understand the tremendous importance for why Isaiah 6:9-10 is quoted so profusely in the New Testament.


Verse 4: For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;


For [gar:G1063] If [ei:G1487] God [theos:G2316] Spared [pheidomai:G5339] Not [ou:G3756] The Angels [aggelos:G32] That Sinned [hamartano:G264]


Spared [pheidomai:G5339] Not [ou:G3756]


Let’s investigate the two terms in verses 4-5 “spared not” in the phrase, “For if God spared not the angels that sinned…”:


For if God spared [pheidomai:G5339] not [ou:G3756] the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared [pheidomai:G5339] not [ou:G3756] the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;


These two words are also found in five other citations; here are a few examples:


Verse 32 of Romans 8:28-32 acknowledges: “And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. {29} For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. {30} Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. {31} What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us? {32} He that spared [pheidomai:G5339] not [ou:G3756] his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?”


Verse 21 of Romans 11:13-27 teaches, “For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office: {14] If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which are] my flesh, and might save some of them. {15} For if the casting away of them [be] the reconciling of the world, what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life from the dead? {16} For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches. {17} And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; {18} Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. {19} Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in. {20} Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear: {21} For if God spared not the natural branches, [take heed] lest he also spare [pheidomai:G5339]  not [ou:G3756]   thee. {22} Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. {23} And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again. {24} For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural [branches], be graffed into their own olive tree? {25} For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. {26} And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: {27} For this [is] my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.”


Verse 22 is highly significant as it emphasizes both the “goodness” of God (toward the elect), as they are “delivered” - as in the case of Noah and his family, and Lot and his two daughters - as well as the “severity of God” (toward the non-elect) - as in the case of all those who perished both in the Flood, and in Sodom and Gomorrah, as we will learn more about in our upcoming studies, Lord willing; so we will stop here for today.







2 Peter 2 - Part 5

October 1, 2017



“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


Our study in 2 Peter 2 has taken us to verse 4, and the two terms:


Spared [pheidomai:G5339] Not [ou:G3756] - Illustration # 1


This first example of God “not sparing” is in connection with the fallen angels; in verse 5 we’ll discover the second illustration, with respect to those who perished in the Flood - “the old world.” These two words, “spared not” appear together in seven citations, and we’ll examine a few of these: 


Verse 32 of Romans 8:1-39 renders these terms as “spared not” as well. I’m going to read the entire chapter as it contains some important truths which have a direct bearing on today’s study: 


“[There is] therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. {2} For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. {3} For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: {4} That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. {5} For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. {6} For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually minded [is] life and peace. {7} Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. {8} So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. {9} But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. {10} And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness. {11} But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. {12} Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. {13} For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.{14} For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. {15}For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. {16} The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: {1} And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. {18} For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us. {19} For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. {20} For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope, {21} Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. {22} For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. {23} And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body. {24} For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? {25} But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it]. {26}  Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. {27} And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what [is] the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to [the will of] God. {28} And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. {29} For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. {30} Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. {31} What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us? {32} He that spared [pheidomai:G5339] not [ou:G3756] his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? {33} Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth.{34} Who [is] he that condemneth? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. {35} Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? {36} As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. {37} Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. {38} For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, {39} Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”


  • First, God makes a distinction between those (the non elect) who follow “the law of sin and death” - which has to do with being “carnally minded” or walking (i.e., “living”) “after the flesh,” and those (the elect) who follow “the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus” and are “spiritually minded.” 


  • This contrast also reveals the reason the “false prophets” and “false teachers” - on the basis of their own “carnal” or “worldly” minds “...bring in damnable heresies...and bring upon themselves swift destruction,” as verse 1 maintains.


  • The role of believers “suffering” during our present “day of judgment” and having to patiently wait upon the Lord to receive the resurrection of our bodies is also in view, as we read about God’s faithfulness in delivering Noah (from the Flood) as well as Lot (from Sodom).


  • Of utmost significance is the glorious sacrifice that the Lord Jesus made on behalf of His beloved elect, by “not sparing” His own dear Son, and constantly interceding for them, as verse 32 underscores: “He that spared [pheidomai:G5339] not [ou:G3756] his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?”


  • Lastly, the ironclad commitment and constant intercession that God has provided on behalf of each of His children enables them to go through the temporary trials and tribulations of this life - truly “a vale of tears” - and enter into “life eternal,” as 2 Corinthians 4:17 so beautifully affirms:

 

“For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;”



The next passage in which “spared not” is employed is in verse 21 of Romans 11:1-39, which I’ll read again in its entirety, as it too, relates to the salvation of all the Body (or Bride) of Christ which was accomplished on May 21, 2011 - including both Jew and Gentile alike - so neither one as any right to boast about their spiritual status, as Ephesians 2:8-9 and 1 Corinthians 1:21-31 clearly testify:


“For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God: {9} Not of works, lest any man should boast.” [kauchaomai:G2744]


“For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. {22} For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: {23} But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; {24} But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. {25} Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.{26} For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, [are called]: {27} But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; {28} And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea], and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: {29} That no flesh should glory [kauchaomai:G2744] in his presence. {30} But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: {31} That, according as it is written, He that glorieth [kauchaomai:G2744], let him glory [kauchaomai:G2744]

 in the Lord.”


Romans 11:1-39 states: “I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, [of] the tribe of Benjamin. {2} God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying, {3} Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life. {4} But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal.{5} Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. {6} And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. {7} What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded {8} (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day. {9} And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: {10} Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway. {11} I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but [rather] through their fall salvation [is come] unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. {12} Now if the fall of them [be] the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness? {13} For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office: {14} If by any means I may provoke to emulation [them which are] my flesh, and might save some of them. {15} For if the casting away of them [be] the reconciling of the world, what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life from the dead? {16} For if the firstfruit [be] holy, the lump [is] also [holy]: and if the root [be] holy, so [are] the branches. {17} And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; {18} Boast [katakauchaomai:G2620] not against [katakauchaomai:G2620] the branches. But if thou boast [katakauchaomai:G2620], thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. {19} Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in. {20} Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear: {21} For if God spared [pheidomai:G5339] not [ou:G3756]  the natural branches, [take heed] lest he also spare not thee. {22} Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. {23} And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again. {24} For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural [branches], be graffed into their own olive tree? {25} For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. {26} And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: {27} For this [is] my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. {28} As concerning the gospel, [they are] enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, [they are] beloved for the fathers' sakes. {29} For the gifts and calling of God [are] without repentance. {30} For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: {31} Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. {32} For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. {33} O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable [are] his judgments, and his ways past finding out! {34} For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor? {35} Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again? {36} For of him, and through him, and to him, [are] all things: to whom [be] glory for ever. Amen.”


The Angels [aggelos:G32] That Sinned [hamartano:G264]


The first illustration of God “not sparing” in 2 Peter 2:4 are: “...the angels that sinned…” which is comprised of two Greek words; they only appear together in our verse, so we will have to consider them individually:


The Angels [aggelos:G32]


The Greek word translated “the angels” is found translated as “messenger” 179 times, and 7 times as “angel.” This term can refer to the “fallen” angels and to Satan himself, who comes as “an angel of light,” (along with the leadership in the churches and denominations who also appear as “ministers of righteousness”), as the parallel verse in Jude 6 acknowledges,


“And the angels [aggelos:G32] which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”


2 Corinthians 11:13-15 reveals: “For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. {14} And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel [aggelos:G32] of light. {15} Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.”


This word can also describe God Himself, the “good” angels, and believers too, according to the following passages:


Acts 7:30 records Moses’ encounter with God from the midst of the burning bush: “And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel [aggelos:G32] of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush.”


Hebrews 1:4-7 and 13 maintain: “Being made so much better than the angels, [aggelos:G32] as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. {5} For unto which of the angels [aggelos:G32] said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? {6} And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels [aggelos:G32] of God worship him. {7} And of the angels [aggelos:G32] he saith, Who maketh his angels [aggelos:G32] spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. ... {13} But to which of the angels [aggelos:G32] said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?”


In James 2:25 the spies are translated as “the messengers”: “Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers,[aggelos:G32] and had sent [them] out another way?”


That Sinned [hamartano:G264]


The term rendered “that sinned” with respect to the “fallen angels” surfaces 43 times in the following ways: sin(38x),trespass(3x), offend(1x), and once asfor your faults.”

Here are some examples:


Luke 17:3-4 is an exhortation, in which this word in rendered, “trespass” twice: “Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass [hamartano:G264] against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. {4} And if he trespass [hamartano:G264] against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.”


And in 1 Peter 2:20, it is translated as: “for your faults”: “For what glory [is it], if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, [hamartano:G264] ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer [for it], ye take it patiently, this [is] acceptable with God.”


1 John 3:8 likewise affirms: “He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth [hamartano:G264] from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.”


 But [alla:G235] Cast [Them] Down To Hell [tartaroo:G5020]


The next English phrase in 2 Peter 2:4 is: “...but cast [them] down to hell…” which includes two words that are only found together in this citation; in fact G5020, only appears here in the New Testament. That being the case, we would have to search out the other two Greek words that signify “hell,” “hell fire”or the “grave” in order to gain a broader understanding of the spiritual implications contained by these terms  These other words are: “hades” (G86) and “geena” (G1067). 


And Delivered [paradidomi:G3860] [Them] Into Chains [seira:G4577] Of Darkness [zophos:G2217]


The three words that make up the phrase,”...and delivered [them] into chains of darkness…” only crop up in this verse, and so we will have to look at them individually:


 And Delivered [paradidomi:G3860] 


The expression, “and delivered” [or “deliver(ed) up”] is primarily translated as such, along with the term, “betrayed,” as the subsequent references indicate:


Matthew 24:9-10 forewarns: “Then shall they deliver [paradidomi:G3860] you up [paradidomi:G3860] to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake. {10} And then shall many be offended, and shall betray [paradidomi:G3860] one another, and shall hate one another.”


John 19:11 records Christ’s answer to Pilate and verse 30, the moment He voluntarily died: “Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power [at all] against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered [paradidomi:G3860] me unto thee hath the greater sin. ... {30} When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up [paradidomi:G3860] the ghost.


Romans 1:26 and 28 explain what happens when God gives people up to their sin: “For this cause God gave [paradidomi:G3860] them up [paradidomi:G3860] unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: ... {28} And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave [paradidomi:G3860] them over [paradidomi:G3860] to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;


 [Them] Into Chains [seira:G4577] 


The term “[them] into chains” is only found in this one passage, and apparently, its two root words are somewhat dubious, making its meaning difficult to ascertain. There is another completely unrelated word, which appears more commonly in the New Testament - “halysis” (G254), as verse 1 of  Revelation 20:1-3, and 7 show:


“And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain [halysis:G254] in his hand. {2} And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound [deo:G1210] him a thousand years, {3} And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed [lyo:G3089] a little season...{7} And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed [lyo:G3089] out of his prison,


Please note the word “bound” in verse 2, which occurred at the Cross in 33 AD, and is the same expression used in Matthew 12:29, rendered as “bind”: 


 “Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind [deo:G1210] the strong man? and then he will spoil his house.”


The “binding” of Satan (for a figurative “1000” years - pointing to the “completion of whatever is in view”) was a necessity (until the beginning of the Great Tribulation on May 21, 1988 - known as “the little season”), in order for some of his prisoners (who were God’s elect) to be set free by the Word of God during the “day of salvation.” 


The release of the captives is also in view in Isaiah 61:1-3, which is the same passage that the Lord Jesus quoted as He turned to this Scripture one Sabbath day in the synagogue in Nazareth in Luke 4:16-30,


“And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. {17} And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, {18} The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, {19} To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. {20} And he closed the book, and he gave [it] again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. {21} And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears. {22} And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son? {23} And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country. {24} And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country. {25} But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land; {26} but unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, [a city] of Sidon, unto a woman [that was] a widow. {27} And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian. {28} And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, {29} And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. {30} But he passing through the midst of them went his way,” 


Notice, if you will, the fierce change in attitude of the congregation from verse 22 to verse 28, during which the Savior spoke about the election of the Gentiles. Incidentally, the same word, “loose” is found in connection with the “unsealing” of the Bible in Revelation 5:2 and 5, which also took place at the beginning of the Great Tribulation: 

And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose [lyo:G3089] the seals thereof? ... {5} And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose [lyo:G3089] the seven seals thereof.


Of Darkness [zophos:G2217]


The word rendered “darkness” in the phrase, “...and delivered them into chains of darkness...” surfaces in two other places - once in verse 17 of this chapter, in which it is translated as “the mist”:


“These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist [zophos:G2217] of darkness is reserved for ever.”


The other is is Jude 1:6 and 13, “And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains [desmos:G1199] under darkness [zophos:G2217] unto the judgment of the great day. ... {13} Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness [zophos:G2217] of darkness for ever.”


The term “chains” (desmos:G1199) in Jude 6 helps us the most to understand the spiritual implications of the word, “[them] into chains” in 2 Peter 2:4; G1199 is derived from the word, “bound” (deo:G1210) which we saw in both Matthew 12:29 and Revelation 20:2. 


To Be Reserved [tereo:G5083] Unto [eis:G1519] Judgment [krisis:G2920]


The last phrase in verse 4, “...to be reserved unto judgment,” is composed of two terms, and  only found in the subsequent three Scriptures, and all of them relate to our current, “day of judgment”:


2 Peter 2:9 acknowledges, “The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve  [tereo:G5083] the unjust unto [eis:G1519] the day of judgment [krisis:G2920] to be punished:”


2 Peter 3:7 adds: “But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved [tereo:G5083] unto [eis:G1519] fire against the day of judgment [krisis:G2920] and perdition of ungodly men.”


Lastly Jude 1:6 similarly states: “And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved [tereo:G5083] in everlasting chains under darkness unto [eis:G1519]  the judgment [krisis:G2920] of the great day.”


Let’s stop here, and Lord willing, we will continue with verse 5 in our next study.








2 Peter 2 - Part 6

Air Date: October 8, 2017



“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


Last Sunday we considered the first illustration of the two words, “spared not” regarding the “fallen” angels, and so today we want to examine the second illustration which has to do with the “old world” - or all the non-elect who perished in the global Flood in 4990 BC. This particular event is of special interest to us today as the 17th day of the second month of Noah’s  (who was the “calendar reference patriarch of that day) calendar was the date on which God condemned the world by water. Moreover that date was 7000 years from May 21, 2011 - spiritually connecting and fulfilling the time clues in both 2 Peter 3:8 and Genesis 7:4 and 11 respectively:


“But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.


Genesis 7:4 and 11, “For yet seven [sheba`:H7651] days [yowm:H3117], and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth. ... {11} In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”


On May 21, 2011, God “shut the Door” the second time - not of the Ark, but of salvation - as a new “time and season,” the “day of judgment,” went into effect. Lord willing, when we get to 2 Peter 3 we will discover that at the end of this extended “day of judgment,” God will destroy not just this earth, but the entire universe - not by water - but by the fire of His wrath (as God Himself is “a consuming fire,” according to Hebrews 12:25) The Bible indicates that judgment began “...at the house of God” (the end-time institutional churches and denominations, as 1 Peter 4:17 and Jeremiah 25:29 reveal) on May 21, 1988. Then, on May 21, 2011, God’s judgment shifted to the world at large.  


And [kai:G2532] Spared [pheidomai:G5339] Not [ou:G3756] The Old [archaios:G744] World [kosmos:G2889] - Illustration #2


The two terms, “old” and “world” only appear together here in our verse, so we will have to consider them individually. Let’s start with the word, “the old”: 


 The Old [archaios:G744] 


The Greek term, “the old” is G744, and it is a term from which our English word, “archaic” is derived from. This expression is most commonly translated as “old,” as the subsequent passages reveal, in which God utilizes it to refer to some of the Old Testament laws, to salvation, as well as to Satan, to name a few; the only reference to Noah and the Flood is found in Judges 5:5.  


Matthew 5:17-37 contains three references (the most of any chapter in which this word is found), and they appear in verses 21, 27, and 33, and always as “by them of old time”: 


“Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. {18} For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. {19} Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach [them], the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. {20} For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed [the righteousness] of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. {21} Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time [archaios:G744], Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: {22} But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. {23} Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; {24} Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. {25} Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. {26} Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing. {27} Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time [archaios:G744], Thou shalt not commit adultery: {28} But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. {29} And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell. {30} And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell. {31}  It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement: {32} But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery. {33} Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time [archaios:G744], Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths: {34} But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: {35} Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. {36} Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. {37} But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.”


In 2 Corinthians 5:17 is surfaces as “old things” - referring to the amazing miracle of regeneration that has taken place in the soul of the child of God: “Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things [archaios:G744] are passed away; behold, all things are become new.”


In Revelation 12:9 we read of Satan’s “fall” (from Heaven) at the time of the Cross in 33 AD, in which he was bound for a figurative “thousand years,” as we read in verse 2 of Revelation 20:1-3, until the start of the Great Tribulation on May 21, 1988: “And the great dragon was cast out, that old [archaios:G744] serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him… {20:1} And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. {2} And he laid hold on the dragon, that old [archaios:G744] serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, {3} And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.”


World [kosmos:G2889] 


Hebrews 11:7 provides a commentary on Noah and his family, in which God singles him out as the “heir of the righteousness which is by faith” (i.e., “by Christ”), as his family would be the one through whom God would repopulate the world after the Flood, as God commanded in Genesis 9:1 - both physically and spiritually, as God saved His elect one at a time, throughout history:


“By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned [katakrino:G2632] the world, [kosmos:G2889] and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.”


2 Peter 3:6 likewise adds: “Whereby the world [kosmos:G2889] that then was [tote:G511], being overflowed with water, perished:”


“And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.”


Incidentally, the same word, “he condemned” is also found in 2 Peter 2:6, as “condemned”:  


“And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [katakrino:G2632] [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;”


The “World” In Genesis 6


Genesis 6:5-13 and 17-19 chronicles some of the events leading up o the flood, in which the term “earth” (H776) is employed 10 times, and “adamah” (H127) once: “And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth [’erets:H776], and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually. {6} And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth [’erets:H776], and it grieved him at his heart. {7} And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth [’adamah:H127]; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them. {8} But Noah [Noach:H5146] found grace in the eyes of the LORD. {9} These [are] the generations of Noah [Noach:H5146]: Noah [Noach:H5146] was a just man [and] perfect in his generations, [and] Noah [Noach:H5146] walked with God. {10} And Noah [Noach:H5146] begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. {11} The earth [’erets:H776] also was corrupt before God, and the earth [’erets:H776] was filled with violence. {12] And God looked upon the earth [’erets:H776], and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth [’erets:H776]. {13} And God said unto Noah [Noach:H5146], The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth [’erets:H776]  is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth [’erets:H776]. ... {17} And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth [’erets:H776], to destroy all flesh, wherein [is] the breath of life, from under heaven; [and] every thing that [is] in the earth [’erets:H776]  shall die. {18} But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee. {19} And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every [sort] shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep [them] alive with thee; they shall be male and female.”


 But [alla:G235] Saved [phylasso:G5442] Noah [Noe:G3575] The Eighth [ogdoos:H3590] [Person]


The next phrase in verse 5 is: “...but saved Noah the eighth [person]...” We just learned from Genesis 6 that Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD...was a just man [and] perfect in his generations… [and that he] walked with God.God also declared to him: “But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee.”  These details concerning Noah indicate that he was indeed one of God's elect, by God’s grace (along with the rest of his family by virtue of the fact that they were on the Ark - which is a picture of the Lord Jesus Christ). These words only appear together in this passage, so we will have to consider them individually:


Saved [phylasso:G5442]


This particular term, “saved” is more commonly rendered as “keep,” as these next citations illustrate: 


Verse 28 of Luke 11:27-28 provides this admonition:  “And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed [is] the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked.{28} But he said, Yea rather, blessed [are] they that hear the word of God, and keep [phylasso:G5442] it.”


John 17:12 maintains: “While I was with them in the world, I kept [tereo:G5093] them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, [phylasso:G5442] and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.”


In verse 12 of 2 Timothy 1:6-14 Paul charges his young protegè Timothy with these words, which we can also take to heart: “Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands. {7} For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind. {8} Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God; {9} Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, {10} But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel: {11} Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles. {12} For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep [phylasso:G5442] that which I have committed unto him against that day. {13} Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. {14} That good thing which was committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us.”


Verse 17 of 2 Peter 3:13-18 is a critical warning, in which this word is translated as “beware”: “Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. {14} Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless. {15} And account [that] the longsuffering of our Lord [is] salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; {16} As also in all [his] epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. {17} Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know [these things] before, beware [phylasso:G5442] lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness. {18} But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.”


Verse 24 of Jude 1:24-25 proclaims this comforting benediction, under divine inspiration, in this chapter which is parallel in many instances to 2 Peter 2:  “Now unto him that is able to keep [phylasso:G5442] you from falling, and to present [you] faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, {25} To the only wise God our Saviour, [be] glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.”


Noah [Noe:G3575] 


Here is a little background on the name, Noah which is rendered in the New Testament as “Noe” or “Noah” (G3575). His name stems from the Hebrew, “Noach” (H5146), which appears 46 times in the Old Testament, and 8 times in the New Testament. His name means “rest,” as is derived from two identically spelled Hebrew root words [“nuwach” (H5117) and (H5118)] that are translated in the main as “rest.” We read concerning his birth in Genesis 5:28-29, 


“And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son: {29} And he called his name Noah [Noach:H5146], saying, This [same] shall comfort [nacham:H5162] us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.”


The word “this [same] shall comfort” is rendered mostly as “comfort” and “repent;” here are two illustrations:


In Isaiah 66:13 it is found three times: “As one whom his mother comforteth, [nacham:H5162] so will I comfort [nacham:H5162] you; and ye shall be comforted [nacham:H5162] in Jerusalem.”


And Psalm 110:4 announces God the Father’s declaration to God the Son: “The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, [nacham:H5162] Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.”


New Testament Verses On “Noah” [Noe:G3575] 


Here are the remaining New Testament verses that contain the word, “Noah,” besides 2 Peter 2:5 and Hebrews 11:7, which I read earlier in today’s study:


Luke 17:26-27 (and its counterpart in Matthew 24:37-38) further explain the connection between “the days of Noe” and the Great Tribulation, leading up to the “day of judgment”: “And as it was in the days of Noe [Noe:G3575], so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. {27} They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe [Noe:G3575] entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.”
 

Luke 3:36 pinpoints Noah’s genealogy: “Which was [the son] of Cainan, which was [the son] of Arphaxad, which was [the son] of Sem, which was [the son] of Noe [Noe:G3575], which was [the son] of Lamech,”


1 Peter 3:20 also “Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah [Noe:G3575], while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight [okto:G3638] souls were saved by water. {21} The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:”


The Eighth [ogdoos:H3590] [Person]


This brings us to the next word, “the eighth” (G3590), which is interesting, as God associates this term with circumcision, as Luke 1:59 and Acts 7:8 acknowledge respectively: 


“And it came to pass, that on the eighth [ogdoos:G3590] day they came to circumcise the child [John the Baptist]; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father.”


“And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so [Abraham] begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth [ogdoos:G3590] day; and Isaac [begat] Jacob; and Jacob [begat] the twelve patriarchs.”


 A Preacher [keryx:G2783] Of Righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] 


Noah is referred to as a “preacher of righteousness,” as he warned the world of his day of God’s impending judgment for 120 years, as the Ark was being constructed. This word only surfaces in two other citations:


In 1 Timothy 2:7, Paul reiterates his divine calling: “I am ordained a preacher [keryx:G2783], and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, [and] lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.”


This is also repeated in 2 Timothy 1:11, “Whereunto I am appointed a preacher [keryx:G2783], and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.”


The message that Paul preached was grounded in the “righteousness” of the Lord Jesus Christ, as these next references underscore, in which this particular word is always translated “righteousness” 92 times; here are a few examples:


Acts 17:31 forewarns of the “day of judgment” “Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.”


Romans 4:11 states this with regard to Abraham: “And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] might be imputed unto them also:”


Romans 10:3-5, “For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, [dikaisyne:G1343] and going about to establish their own righteousness, [dikaisyne:G1343] have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] of God. {4} For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] to every one that believeth. {5} For Moses describeth the righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.”


Titus 3:5 underscores this as well: “Not by works of righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;”


2 Peter 3:13 is a wonderful reminder of that which is to come: “Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.” [dikaisyne:G1343]


1 John 2:29 reveals Christ’s very Name as “Righteous”: “If ye know that he is righteous [dikaios:G1342 - adjective], ye know that every one that doeth righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343 - noun] is born of him.”


This truth is also highlighted in 1 John 3:7, and 10: “Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] is righteous [dikaios:G1342], even as he is righteous. [dikaios:G1342]... {10} In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness [dikaisyne:G1343] is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.”


These last two verses in 1 John also remind us of the declaration in Revelation 22:11-12, in which one’s spiritual status is fixed, as God uses these terms which are related to “righteousness” (dikaisyne:G1343):


“He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous [dikaios:G1342], let him be righteous [dikaioo:G1344] still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still. {12} And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward [is] with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.”



Bringing In [epago:G1863] The Flood  [kataklysmos:G2627]


The term “bringing in” is only found in the following two passages, besides 2 Peter 2:5, and please note that these three citations are all related to judgment:


In Acts 5:28 it is translated as “to bring”: “Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring [epago:G1863] this man's blood upon us.”


And at the beginning of this chapter we encountered it in verse 1, as “and bring”: “But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring [epago:G1863] upon themselves swift destruction.”



Earlier in our study, I quoted Luke 17:27-28 (and its parallel verses, Matthew 24:28-29, in which this term is rendered as “the flood” as well) when we were looking at the New Testament references for “Noah,” and the same word “flood” in that verse is also found here in 2 Peter 2:5, as “the flood” (kataklysmos:G2627), from which we get our English word, “cataclysm”: 


“They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood [kataklysmos:G2627] came, and destroyed them all.”


Upon The World [kosmos:G2889] Of The Ungodly [asebes:G765]


The last phrase in verse 5 is: “...upon the world of the ungodly.” The same word for “world” (G2889) is repeated here, and the compound term, “of the ungodly,” (asebes:G765) which is made up of “a-” (G1- denoting negation) and “sebo” (G4576). It is found in 8 other places, and always rendered as “ungodly” or “ungodly men” as the subsequent verses maintain: 


Verse 18 of 1 Peter 4:17-18 proclaims: “For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God? {18} And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly [asebes:G765] and the sinner appear?”


We will also see this word in 2 Peter 3:7, Lord willing, as “of ungodly”: “But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly [asebes:G765] men.”


And Jude 1:4 and 15 includes this expression three times:  “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, [asebes:G765] turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. ... {15} To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly [asebes:G765] among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly [asebes:G765] sinners have spoken against him.”


Let’s stop here, and Lord willing, next Sunday we will consider verse 6 and beyond.








2 Peter 2 - Part 7 /Air Date: October 15, 2017



“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. {4} For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; {5} And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; {6} And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; {7} And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: {8} (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed [his] righteous soul from day to day with [their] unlawful deeds;) {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:”


In our investigation of 2 Peter 2 we have encountered the pervasive problem of false prophets and teachers both in the Old as well as in the New Testament, and right up to our present day. These genuine “deceivers” and I say genuine, because Christ was also called a “deceiver”, as we read in Matthew 27:63, as thus His people - as well as the Truth that they unabashedly proclaim -  are also cast in the same light: 


“Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver [planos:G4108] said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.”


In verse 8 of 2 Corinthians 6:3-10, God’s elect are also falsely branded in this very pointed passage which highlights 27 characteristics that all believers can relate to, but especially in our present “day of judgment,” since God has saved all His redeemed, and those “alive and remaining” on earth are “manifesting” both the death of the Lord Jesus, as well as His life simultaneously: “Giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed: {4} But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, {5} In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings; {6} By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, {7} By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, {8} By honour and dishonour, by evil report and good report: as deceivers, and [yet] true; {9} As unknown, and [yet] well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed; {10} As sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and [yet] possessing all things.”


Accordingly, God then goes on to present three examples of those who received His just judgment: the “fallen” angels, those in Noah’s day that perished in the Flood, and the third illustration of God “not sparing” - Sodom and Gomorrah, which we now want to address. 


And [kai:G2532] Turning [tephroo:G5077] G0 The Cities [polis:G4172] Of Sodom [Sodoma:G4670] And [kai:G2532] Gomorrah [Gomorra:G1116] Into Ashes [tephroo:G5077]


The three Greek terms in the phrase, “...the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah” appears in three other references, including Jude 7, which states:


“Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.”


God’s judgment upon Sodom and Gomorrah is “...set forth as an example” - as it says. The additional information in Jude 7 helps us to better understand the temporary nature of God’s judgment. What I mean is that “...the vengeance of eternal fire” in Sodom and Gomorrah does not continue to burn indefinitely up to our present day. There was a precise limit to its destruction, in the same way that unsaved man is not going to burn in a place called “Hell” for ever and ever, because God’s divine justice is limited to the principle of “40 stripes” as we read in Deuteronomy 25:1-3,


“If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, that [the judges] may judge them; then they shall justify the righteous, and condemn the wicked. {2} And it shall be, if the wicked man [be] worthy to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to his fault, by a certain number. {3} Forty stripes he may give him, [and] not exceed: lest, [if] he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.”


Turning Into Ashes [tephroo:G5077]


The word, “turning into ashes,” only appears in this verse, and I can’t confirm its root word.  so let’s proceed on to the next word, as the rest of the terms in this verse don’t appear together anywhere else.


Condemned [katakrino:G2632] [Them] With An Overthrow [katatrosphe:H2692] Making [tithemi:H5087] [Them] An Ensample [hypodeigma:G5262]


We took note of the next term, “condemned,” in 2 Peter - Part 6, where we saw it in connection with Noah in Hebrews 11:7, in which it is translated as “he condemned”:


“By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned [katakrino:G2632] the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.”


The following passages include this expression as well:


On the heels of the parable of the householder who went to hire laborers to work in his vineyard, verse 18 of Matthew 20:16-19 reners this word as “they shall condemn”: “So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. {17} And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them, {18} Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn [katakrino:G2632] him to death, {19} And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify [him]: and the third day he shall rise again.”


In speaking of the Atonement which took place in actuality prior to the foundation of the world, this verb surfaces in Romans 8:3 and 34, as “condemn” and “condemneth” respectively, along with its noun form, “condemnation” (katakrima:G2631) in verse 1; I’ll read the whole chapter since so many marvelous promises are touched upon, and we need to be reminded of them constantly, since we are living in this unique “day of judgment,” which no other preceding generation in mankind’s history has ever experienced; moreover, because this time period is prolonged, there is a tendency to become downcast or discouraged, and so these words exemplify what Romans 15:4 affirms: 


“For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning (or “doctrine”) [didaskalia:G1319], that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.”


Romans 8:1-39 reveal, “[There is] therefore now no condemnation [katakrina:G2631] to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. {2} For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. {3} For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned [katakrino:G2632] sin in the flesh: {4} That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. {5} For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. {6} For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually minded [is] life and peace. {7} Because the carnal mind [is] enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. {8} So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. {9} But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. {10} And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness. {11} But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. {12} Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. {13} For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. {14} For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. {15} For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. {16} The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: {17} And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. {18} For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time [are] not worthy [to be compared] with the glory which shall be revealed in us. {19} For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. {20} For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected [the same] in hope, {21} Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. {22} For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. {23} And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body. {24} For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? {25} But if we hope for that we see not, [then] do we with patience wait for [it]. {26} Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. {27} And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what [is] the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to [the will of] God. {28} And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. {29} For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. {30} Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. {31} What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us? {32} He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? {33} Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth. {34} Who [is] he that condemneth [katakrino:G2632] ? [It is] Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. {35} Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? {36} As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. {37} Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. {38} For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, {39} Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”


The last citation that we want to consider in which this word, “condemn”  and “shall condemn” respectively is found, is in verses 31 and 32 of Luke 11:29-32, “And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. {30} For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. {31} The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn [katakrino:G2632] them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here. {32} The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn [katakrino:G2632] it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas [is] here.” 


[Them] With An Overthrow [katatrosphe:H2692]


The term, “with an overthrow” is spelled like our English word, “catastrophe” (only with a “k”) and is only found in verse 14 of 2 Timothy 2:14-19, as “the subverting”:


“Of these things put [them] in remembrance, charging [them] before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, [but] to the subverting of the hearers. {15} Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. {16} But shun profane [and] vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. {17} And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; {18} Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some. {19} Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.”


Making [tithemi:H5087]


The next word is “making” in the phrase “making them an example” - referring to Sodom and Gomorrah -  and it found translated in a number of different ways; here are some illustrations to consider:


Most notably is the Old Testament quotation taken from Psalm 110:1, “[A Psalm of David.] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.”


This verse is repeated in the following citations:  Matthew 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42-43, Acts 2:25, and 1 Corinthians 15:25, as well as in two other passages in the Book of Hebrews that are quite significant, as they address the critical issue of the Atonement which took place prior to Creation: 


Verse 13 of Hebrews 1:8-13 declares, “But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness [is] the sceptre of thy kingdom. {9} Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. {10} And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: {11} They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; {12} And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. {13} But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make [tithemi:G5087] thine enemies thy footstool?


Hebrews 10:12-13 further maintains: “But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made [tithemi:G5087] his footstool.


This also substantiated by 1 Corinthians 3:11, as we understand that Christ is the very “Foundation” itself: “For other foundation can no man lay [tithemi:G5087] than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.”


The most occurrences of this word in a single chapter is in John 10, and in verses 11, 15, and 17-18: “I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth [tithemi:G5087] his life for the sheep. ... {15} As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down [tithemi: G5087] my life for the sheep. ... {17} Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down [tithemi:G5087] my life, that I might take it again. {18} No man taketh it from me, but I lay [G5087] it G0 down [tithemi:G5087] of myself. I have power to lay [tithemi:G5087] it down, [tithemi:G5087] and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.”


By contrast, verse 46 of Luke 12:40-48 teaches: “Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not. {41} Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all? {42} And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over his household, to give [them their] portion of meat in due season? {43} Blessed [is] that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. {44} Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath. {45} But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken; {46} The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint [tithemi:G5087] him his portion with the unbelievers. {47} And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. {48} But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.”


Lastly we can look at verse 7 of Acts 1:6-8 which is very helpful indeed in confirming - along with other passages such as Ecclesiastes 3 -  that God is in charge of both commencing and terminating His preordained “times and seasons,” according to His infinite wisdom and divine purposes: “When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel? {7} And he said unto them, It is not for you [hymon:G5216] to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put [tithemi:G5087] in his own power. {8} But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.”


The word, “For you” in verse 7, should be translated “of you”. In other words, it has to be given to you - it cannot emanate from your own mind. This is the Greek “genitive” corresponding to our English possesive.


With respect to Sodom and Gomorrah we read in the last half of 2 Peter 2:6,


Making [tithemi:H5087] [Them] An Ensample [hypodeigma:G5262] Unto Those That After Should [mello:G3195] Live Ungodly [asebeo:G764]


[Them] An Ensample [hypodeigma:G5262 - from the root word: (hypodeiknymi:G5283) - rendered as “show,” “warn,” and “forewarn”]


The next word that we want to examine is “[them] an ensample,” which crops up in five other scriptures, and is very relevant for us today who are living during this extended “day of judgment” when God’s people - as His Body on earth - are following the “pattern” of suffering that the Lord Jesus experienced while on earth:


John 13:15 is set against the backdrop of the Savior washing the disciples’ feet: “For I have given you an example, [hypodeigma:G5262] that ye should do as I have done to you.”


Verse 11 of Hebrews 4:1-11, “Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard [it]. 3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. 5 And in this [place] again, If they shall enter into my rest. 6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: 7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. 8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. 9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. 10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God [did] from his.{11} Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example [hypodeigma:G5262] of unbelief.”


Verse 5 of Hebrews 8:1-6 states: “Now of the things which we have spoken [this is] the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; 2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. 3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore [it is] of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. 4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: {5} Who serve unto the example [hypodeigma:G5262] and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. 6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.”


Hebrews 9:23-28, “It was] therefore necessary that the patterns [hypodeigma:G5262] of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: 25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; 26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: 28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.”


James 5:10-11 says: “Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example [hypodeigma:G5262] of suffering affliction, and of patience.”


Live Ungodly [asebeo:G764]


This term, “live ungodly” is only found again in Jude 15, which we have encountered before, since these two chapters are very similar; it is rendered there as, “they have ungodly committed;” I’ll read verses 14-16,


“And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, {15} To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly [asebes:G765] among them of all their ungodly [asebeia:G763] deeds which they have ungodly committed, [asebeo:G764] and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly [asebes:G765] sinners have spoken against him. {16} These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling [words], having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.”


Incidentally, (and I might have mentioned this before), there are two other related words in this amazing verse that goes back to Enoch’s 365 year lifespan from his birth (in 7106 BC) and his death (in 6741 BC): these are G763, which is rendered as “ungodly” and G765 which is also translated as “ungodly” and “that are ungodly.” G765 is the root or parent word for both G763 and G764.


I think we’ll stop here, and Lord willing, pick up with verse 7 next Sunday.