Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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2 Peter 3 - Part 9

October 13, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 9, and today’s date is October 13, 2019. I’ll read verses 1-7,


“This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in [both] which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: {2} That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour: {3} Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, {4} And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation. {5} For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: {6} Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: {7} But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.”


We are down to verse 5, and we ended our last study looking at the word, “willingly.” Actually this word, “willingly” (thelo:G2309) along with the word, “ignorant” (lanthano:G2990) only appear together again in Mark 7:24, in which they are rendered as, “and would have” and “be hid”: 


“And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have [thelo:G2309] no man [oudeis:G3762] know [ginosko:G1097] [it]: but he could not be hid.” [lanthano:G2990]


We know of course that this was God’s will, undoubtedly, because if the Lord Jesus wanted Himself to be completely “hidden” or incognito, He could have done so very easily as He demonstrated in Luke 24:15-16 and 31 during His encounter with the two men on the road to Emmaus:


“And it came to pass, that, while they communed [together] and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them. {16} But their eyes [opthalmos:G3788] were holden [krateo:G2902 - a verb which stems from the noun, (kratos:G2904) - signifying “power”] that they should [epiginosko:G1921] not know [epiginosko:G1921] him. ... {31} And their eyes [opthalmos:G3788] were opened [dianoigo:G1272], and they knew [epiginosko:G1921] him; and he vanished out of their sight.”


Getting back to the rest of verse 5 we read:  “...are ignorant of that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:” 


Are Ignorant Of [lanthano:G2990]


This first expression crops up in five other citations, and one of them is in verse 8 of this chapter, in which this word is translated as “be ignorant,” with the “not” in between them:


“But, beloved, be [lanthano:G2990] not ignorant [lanthano:G2990]

 of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.”


However in Mark 7:24, which we were just discussing, this same word is rendered as “be hid”: “And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know [it]: but he could not be hid.” [lanthano:G2990]


Similarly, Luke 8:47 expresses this term as, “she was hid,” concerning the woman who had the “issue of blood” for 12 years: “And when the woman saw that she was [lanthano:G2990] not hid [lanthano:G2990], she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately.”


In Acts 26:26, Paul testifies in front of King Agrippa, and utilizes this word, under divine inspiration as, “are hidden”:  “For the king knoweth of these things, before whom also I speak freely: for I am persuaded that none of these things are hidden [lanthano:G2990] from him; for this thing was not done in a corner.”


Lastly, Hebrews 13:2 translates this as, “unawares”: “Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels [or “messengers” - i.e., God’s elect]  unawares.” [lanthano:G2990] 


What then are these “scoffers” “unaware” of? What is it that has been “hidden” from them? It is the Word of God. From Luke 18:31-34 we recognize that God can withhold truth from His very elect as I have mentioned on more than one occasion: 


“Then he took [unto him] the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. {32} For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: {33} And they shall scourge [him], and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. {34} And they understood [syniemi:G4920] none of these things: and this saying was hid [krypto:G2928] from them, neither knew they [ginosko:G1097] the things which were spoken.”


To emphasize the extent of this lack of understanding which God is orchestrating, He employs three different Greek verbs, one of which we have already seen in Luke 24:16 and 31 -  “epiginosko” (G1921)


Now, if God can withhold truth from His elect, how much more can He blind the minds of the non-elect to believe a lie, as we read in Romans 1:18-25, 


“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; {19} Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed [it] unto them. {20} For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: {21} Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. {22} Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, {23} And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. {24} Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: {25} Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.” 


By The Word [logos:G3056] Of God [theos:G2316]


The phrase, “by the Word of God” consists of two terms, and form the basis for all the physical Creation as well the spiritual “re-creation”  whenever God applied salvation to the souls that He had elected prior to the foundation of the world. Here are some notable illustrations, in which these two words emerge together:



John 1:1 proclaims: “In the beginning was the Word [logos:G3056] , and the Word [logos:G3056] was with God [theos:G2316], and the Word [logos:G3056]  was God.” [theos:G2316]



And 1 Thessalonians 2:13 likewise affirms: “For this cause also thank we God [theos:G2316] without ceasing, because, when ye received the word [logos:G3056]  of God [theos:G2316] which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word [logos:G3056]  of men, but as it is in truth, the word [logos:G3056]  of God [theos:G2316], which effectually worketh also in you that believe.”


The “scoffers” who have a “natural mind” and not the “mind of Christ,” will not reverence, much less obey the Word of God when it speaks of origins, the creation of life, the fallen state of man, true history, and how God’s plan of salvation has unfolded throughout time, the various “times and seasons” that God has set up, and the vast body of Truth that is contained within its pages. The child of God, whose spiritual eyes and ears God has graciously opened, delights in His Word, knowing that it is his very “life,” (Deuteronomy 32:47) and desires more and more, as Paul declared under divine inspiration in verse 10 of Philippians 3:9-16,


“And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: {10} That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; {11} If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. {12} Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. {13} Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but [this] one thing [I do], forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, {14} I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. {15] Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you. {16} Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing.” 


The Heavens [ouranos:G3772] Were [en:G2258] Of Old [ekpalai:G1597]


Let’s proceed to the next phrase, “the heavens were of old,” which is made up of three terms that are only found together here, so we will have to consider them individually:


The Heavens [ouranos:G3772] 


We find this same word, “the heavens,” repeated 4 other times (for a total of 5) in this chapter, in verse 7, 10, and 12-13. I want to spend a little extra time examining this expression as we will be seeking the spiritual meaning of these verses, as they relate to our present day of judgment, and how they might relate to Matthew 24:29,


“But the heavens [ouranos:G3772] and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. ... {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens [ouranos:G3772]  shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. ... {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens [ouranos:G3772] being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens [ouranos:G3772] and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.”


Matthew 24:29-31, and 35 describes our present day of judgment that commenced on May 21, 2011, in which this expression emerges numerous times: “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven [ouranos:G3772], and the powers of the heavens [ouranos:G3772] shall be shaken: {30} And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven [ouranos:G3772]: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven [ouranos:G3772] with power and great glory. {31} And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven [ouranos:G3772] to the other. ... {35} Heaven [ouranos:G3772] and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.”


Parallelling what we discovered with regard to the word, “are ignorant of” earlier in today’s study, Matthew 11:25 states: “At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven [ouranos:G3772] and earth, because thou hast hid [apokrypto:G613] these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.”


In this verse, those who appear to be “wise and prudent” are the non-elect, whereas the “babes” are the elect.


This dichotomy is further accentuated in Matthew 13:11, “He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven [ouranos:G3772], but to them it is not given.”


Likewise Matthew 16:17 asserts: “And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.” [ouranos:G3772]


Verses 2, 7, 13 and 17 of Revelation 14 contain this term, as God lays out in this chapter the three “times and seasons” of “the church age,” the “Great Tribulation,” and the “day of judgment”: 

 

“And I heard a voice from heaven [ouranos:G3772], as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:... {7} Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven [ouranos:G3772], and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. ...{13} And I heard a voice from heaven [ouranos:G3772] saying unto me, Write, Blessed [are] the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them …. {17} And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven [ouranos:G3772], he also having a sharp sickle.”  


Acts 4:24-31 also includes this word in verse 24: “And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou [art] God, which hast made heaven [ouranos:G3772], and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is: {25} Who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things? {26} The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ. {27} For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together, {28} For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done. {29} And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak thy word, {30} By stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child Jesus. {31} And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness.”


Of Old [ekpalai:G1597]


The next expression in the phrase, “the heavens were of old,” is the term, “of old,” which is only found again in 2 Peter 2:3 as, “now of a long time”:


“And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time [ekpalai:G1597] lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.”


We now want to turn our attention to the next phrase in verse 5, “and the earth standing,” which is made up of the two main words “the earth” (ge:G1093) and “standing,” (synistemi:G4921) which only are found together in this citation. We have already run across the word, “earth” in some of the previous passages quoted earlier, such as Matthew 11:25 and Revelation 14:7 respectively; it is primarily rendered as “earth,” “land,” or “ground;” we will also see it again when we get to verse 7, 10, and 13 of 2 Peter 3.

Standing Out [synistemi:G4921]

The Greek verb, “standing out” is unique in that it is predominantly translated as “commend” or “approve,” and is only rendered as such one other time. In this context it describes how God has placed the continents to “stand[ing] out of the water” and at the same time to be “in the water,” which are the last remaining phrases that we will investigate in just a bit. Here are some examples of how God employs this word:

In Luke 9:32 it surfaces as “that stood with,” recounting what took place on the Mount of Transfiguration with Moses and Elijah, and the Lord Jesus, as Peter, James and John “were heavy with sleep”: “But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with [synistemi:G4921] him.”

In Colossians 1:17, it is expressed as, “consist”: “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” [synistemi:G4921]

In Romans 5:8 it is translated as, “commendeth”: “But God commendeth [synistemi:G4921] his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”

Similarly, 2 Corinthians 4:2 renders it as “commending”: “But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending [synistemi:G4921] ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.”

In verses 12 and 18 of 2 Corinthians 10:12-18, this word again appears as “commend” or “commendeth”: “For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend [synistemi:G4921]  themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise. {13} But we will not boast of things without [our] measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even unto you. {14} For we stretch not ourselves beyond [our measure], as though we reached not unto you: for we are come as far as to you also in [preaching] the gospel of Christ: {15} Not boasting of things without [our] measure, [that is], of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly, {16} To preach the gospel in the [regions] beyond you, [and] not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand. {17} But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. {18} For not he that commendeth [synistemi:G4921]  himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.” [synistemi:G4921] 

The last two remaining phrases in verse 5 are: “of the water” and “in the water” respectively; we also want to keep in mind that water, as so many words in Scripture, carries a dual meaning. It can refer to the “water of life” or it can refer to water as “judgment,” as some of the following citations indicate: 


Of [ek:G1537] The Water [hydor:G5204]


In John 3:5 Jesus provides this explanation to Nicodemus: “Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of [ek:G1537] water [hydor:G5204] and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.”


We see this as well with regard to the “woman at the well” in John 4:13-14, “Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of [ek:G1537] this water [hydor:G5204] shall thirst again: {14} But whosoever drinketh of the water [hydor:G5204]  that I shall give him will never thirst; but the water [hydor:G5204] that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water [hydor:G5204] springing up into everlasting life.”


By contrast, Revelation 8:10-11 is used in connection with judgment: “And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from [ek:G1537] heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters [hydor:G5204]; {11} And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters [hydor:G5204] became wormwood; and many men died of [ek:G1537]  the waters [hydor:G5204] , because they were made bitter.”


In [dia:G1223] The Water [hydor:G5204]


Similarly, the phrase, “in the water”  can be used in either a positive or negative way: 


John 1:31 states concerning John the Baptist’s ministry; in this verse, “in” is rendered as “therefore”: “And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore [dia:G1223] am I come baptizing with water.” [hydor:G5204]


1 Peter 3:20 also records: “Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by [dia:G1223]  water.” [hydor:G5204]


I think we’ll stop here for today. Lord willing, in our next study we will embark on verse 6, which says:“Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:”












2 Peter 3 - Part 10

October 20, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 10, and today’s date is October 20, 2019. I’ll read verses 1-7,


“This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in [both] which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: {2} That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour: {3} Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, {4} And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation. {5} For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: {6} Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: {7} But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.”


We have arrived at verse 6, in our study of 2 Peter 3, which states: “Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:” Let’s begin by looking at the word, “Whereby”:


Whereby [dia:G1223] [hos:G3739]


There are two distinct Greek words that are rendered by this one English word, “whereby,” and they are “dia” (G1223), commonly translated as “by” or “through,” since it is a Greek preposition; and the Greek pronoun, “hos” (G3739) “which,” or “whom.” Actually these two words serve to link verse 6 with verse 5 and then with verse 7, with regards to the Word of God. In verse 5 the Word of God was responsible for creating both “the heavens” and “the earth,” which the scoffers deny, as was discussed in a previous study. Verse 6 speaks of the “old world” that perished by water according to God’s express Word (except for those in the Ark). Subsequently, in verse 7, “the heavens” and “the earth” are placed in subjection once again to God’s Holy Word, when God for the final time will destroy this universe by “speaking it out of existence” even as He spoke “it into existence With that  perspective in mind, let’s look at some of the ways that God incorporates these two terms, “dia” and “hos”:


These two words appear in 2 Peter 3:12 as, “wherein”: “Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein  [dia:G1223] [hos:G3739] the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?”


Hebrews 11:7 addresses what Noah did in obedience to God’s Word; these two words are rendered as, “by the which”: “By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by [dia:G1223] the which [hos:G3739]  he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.”


1 Peter 3:20-21 expresses these as “wherein” and “by,” and “whereunto” and “by”: “Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein [eis:G1519] [hos:G3739]  few, that is, eight souls were saved by [dia:G1223] water. {21} The like figure whereunto [hos:G3739]  [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by [dia:G1223] the resurrection of Jesus Christ:”







John 1:3 likewise affirms Christ’s role as Creator: “All things were made by  [dia:G1223] him; and without him was not any thing made that [hos:G3739] was made.”


Hebrews 1:3 reveals two of Christ’s many offices - as Creator and Savior : Who [hos:G3739] being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by [dia:G1223] himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;”


We have already considered the term, “kosmos” (G2889) or “the world” during or investigation of  both 2 Peter 1 as well as 2 Peter 2, so let’s proceed to the next term, which is…


That Then Was [tote:G5119]


This is referring back to the “old world” that perished in the Flood of Noah’s day, 7000 years earlier from May 21, 2011 in the year 4990 BC, which began on the 17th day of the 2nd month of Noah’s calendar and corresponds to May 21, 2011, which in the Hebrew calendar turns out to be the equivalent month and day.


In Colossians 3:4 this expression surfaces as, “then”: “When Christ, [who is] our life, shall appear, then [tote:G5119] shall ye also appear with him in glory.”


Hebrews 10:7 and 9 likewise include this word as, “then” also:  Then [tote:G5119]  said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. ... {9} Then [tote:G5119]  said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.”


Verse 26 of Hebrews 12:25-29 also translates this word as “then”: “See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven: {26} Whose voice then [tote:G5119] shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. {27} And this [word], Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. {28} Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby  [dia:G1223] [hos:G3739] we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: {29} For our God [is] a consuming fire.”


Incidentally, the same word “whereby” [(dia:G1223) and (hos:G3739)] that we started today’s study with, is also found in verse 28.


Being Overflowed [kataklyzo:G2626] 


“Being overflowed” is the next expression we want to investigate. It is a compound word, consisting of the Greek preposition, “kata” (G2596), rendered mainly as “according to,” and the main word, “klydon” (G2830),  which is only found in the following two references, in which it is rendered as, “the raging” and “a wave” respectively:


Luke 8:24 records: “And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging [klydon:G2830] of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.”


And James 1:6 admonishes: “But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave [klydon:G2830] of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.”


Perhaps this word, “klydon” sounds familiar to you? In Acts 27:14, we read of a terrible storm that Paul and others on this ship encountered, called “Euroclydon,” a compound word, in which this term, “klydon” (G2830) is the main word. In the end the ship was destroyed - an amazing historical parable highlighting that judgment must first begin at God’s own “house” (exemplifying the end-time institutional churches and denominations during the Great Tribulation)

The word, “being overflowed” (G2626) describes the incomprehensible amount of water that poured down upon the earth, in addition to being unleashed from deep within the earth simultaneously, as one learns from Genesis 7:11,


“In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep [tehowm:H8415] broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”


Additionally, the word, “deep” crops up in Psalm 104:6 as, “it with the deep”: “Thou coveredst it with the deep [tehowm:H8415] as [with] a garment: the waters [mayim:H4325] stood above the mountains. [har:H2022]


Both terms, “the waters” and “above the mountains” also surface in Genesis 7:19-20, with respect to the level of the water: 


“And the waters [mayim:H4325] prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills [har:H2022], that [were] under the whole heaven, were covered. {20} Fifteen cubits upward did the water [mayim:H4325] prevail; and the mountains [har:H2022] were covered.”


We have already considered the next expression in verse 6, “perished,” so let’s proceed on to verse 7, which maintains:


Verse 7: “But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.”


In an earlier lesson the two words, “the heavens and the earth” were discussed so let’s turn our attention to the next phrase, “which are now by the same word”:


Which Are Now [nyn:G3568] By The Same [autos:G846] Word [logos:G3056] 


These three words only appear together in verse 52 of  John 8:47-59, in which the focus of the Word of God comes into view again as we have been noticing in 2 Peter 3:5-7 (and Christ is the Word “made flesh”); in verse 52 these three terms are translated as “now,” “unto him,” and “saying”: 


“He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear [them] not, because ye are not of God. {48} Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil? {49} Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me. {50} And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth. {51} Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death. {52} Then said the Jews unto him [autos:G846], Now [nyn:G3568] we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying [logos:G3056], he shall never taste of death. {53} Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself? {54} Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: {55} Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying. [logos:G3056 {56} Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw [it], and was glad. {57} Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? {58} Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I [ego:G1473] am. [eimi:G1510] {59} Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.”



Kept In Store [thesaurizo:G2343] 


The Greek verb“kept in store” (theasaurizo:G2343) alludes to the current status of “the heavens and the earth,” and emerges in seven other citations, primarily as “lay up” or “store.” It stems from the root word “thesauros” (G2344), which is always translated  “treasure,” in the 18 times that it is found; incidentally, you might have noticed our English word, “thesaurus” is derived from this Greek noun (G2344). Here are some key citations: 


Both the verb (G2343) as well as the noun (G2344), surface in Matthew 6:19 and 20, “Lay [thesaurizo:G2343] not up [thesaurizo:G2343] for yourselves treasures [thesauros:G2344] upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: {20} But lay up [thesaurizo:G2343] for yourselves treasures [thesauros:G2344] in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:”


Verse 21 of Luke 12:15-21 is a parallel passage with a very crucial admonition regarding what it really means to be “rich” spiritually, which is the magnificent heritage of each of God’s elect children, and for which we should be excessively thankful to God for, every second of each day: “And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth. {16} And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully: {17} And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits? {18} And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods. {19} And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, [and] be merry. {20} But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? {21}So [is] he that layeth up treasure [thesaurizo:G2343] for himself, and is not rich toward God.


Romans 2:5 pinpoints our current “day of judgment,” in which this expression is rendered as, “treasurest up”: “But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up [thesaurizo:G2343] unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;”


This passage is an excellent one because our word, “treasurest up,” is set in the identical time frame as 2 Peter 3:7 - which is taking place right now - during this “day of wrath” when God’s judgment is being poured out upon the world, as Satan’s kingdom is being divided, and God’s wrath is being “stockpiled” if you will, for the final annihilation of all things. And please remember, that even though this world is a mess, God’s elect can, on the one hand, “...look up for your redemption draweth nigh.” according to Luke 21:28; additionally God’s saints have the added blessing of continuing to receive more and more truth concerning the “...revelation of the righteous judgment of God,”  as Romans 2:5 insists. 


James 5:3 reiterates this same theme,  in which this word is translated as, “Ye have heaped treasure together”: “Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together [thesaurizo:G2343] for the last days.”


Reserved [tereo:G5083] Unto Fire [pyr:G4442] 


The phrase, “reserved unto fire” is made up of two words which are only found together in this verse, so we will have to consider them separately. Actually, we ran across the expression, “reserved” when we were working on 2 Peter 2, as it emerges in verses 4, 9, and 17, and as we have discovered relates very closely to the book of Jude, as both chapters deal with false prophets or teachers.


By the way, I did a devotional series (#196-200) on this very subject contrasting the terms, “reserved” or “preserved” in the book of Jude, as they relate to the non-elect and the elect respectively.


2 Peter 2:4, 9, and 17 affirm:“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved [tereo:G5083] unto judgment; ... {9} The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve [tereo:G5083] the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: ... {17} These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved [tereo:G5083] for ever.” 


Unto Fire [pyr:G4442]


Let’s now consider some illustration of this word, “unto fire,” which we have encountered earlier in today’s study, in Hebrews 12:29 and James 5:3 respectively:


Hebrews 12:29 records this awesome declaration: “For our God [is] a consuming fire.” [pyr:G4442] 


And James 5:3 acknowledges: “Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. [pyr:G4442]  Ye have heaped treasure together [thesaurizo:G2343] for the last days.”


Matthew 13:40 likewise reveals: “As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; [pyr:G4442]  so shall it be in the end of this world.”


Matthew 25:41 adds: “Then shall he [the LORD] say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, [pyr:G4442]    prepared for the devil and his angels:”




2 Thessalonians 1:8 outlines the fate of all the non-elect: “In flaming fire [pyr:G4442] taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:”



Against [eis:G1519] The Day [hemera:G2250] Of Judgment [krisis:G2920] 


The last phrase that we want to investigate today is: “...against the day of judgment,” which is comprised of three terms that are only found together in the following three citations:


Mark 6:11 maintains: “And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for [eis:G1519]  Sodom and Gomorrha in the day [hemera:G2250] of judgment [krisis:G2920], than for that city.”


And 2 Peter 2:9 promises: “The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto [eis:G1519]  the day [hemera:G2250]  of judgment [krisis:G2920]  to be punished:”


Lastly, Jude 1:6 decrees: “And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto [eis:G1519]  the judgment [krisis:G2920] of the great day.” [hemera:G2250] 


Let’s stop here, and Lord willing, we will continue exploring verse 7 in our next study. Please stay tuned for our Hymn Sing.


 


















2 Peter 3 - Part 11

October 27, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 11, and today’s date is October 27, 2019. I’ll read verses 7-14,


“But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. {8} But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. {9} The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. {14} Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.”


We have arrived at the last four words in 2 Peter 3:7,


And [kai:2532] Perdition [apoleia:G684]


We have already discussed the term, “perdition” (apoleia:G684) as it appears three times in the first three verses of 2 Peter 2, which I’ll read again, as this word is so very important with regards to the state of the non-elect, whose status has been fixed since May 21, 2011, as we read in Revelation 22:11,


“He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.” 


The word “perdition” in 2 Peter 3:7 is “apoleia” (G684), and, as I mentioned, is used in 2 Peter 2:1-3 four times as “damnable,” “destruction,” “pernicious ways,” and “damnation”:


“But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable [apoleia:G684]  heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. [apoleia:G684] {2} And many shall follow their pernicious ways [apoleia:G684] ; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. {3} And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation [apoleia:G684]  slumbereth not.”


We will also run across this word a little later in 2 Peter 3 in verse 16: “As also in all [his] epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as [they do] also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.” [apoleia:G684] 


When we speak of salvation or “perdition” we have to go back to the “foundation of the world,” which was when the salvation of all of God’s elect was secured, and by the same token, the “perdition” of all the non-elect - by exclusion - was also inescapably established, as “...vessels of wrath, fitted for destruction,according to Romans 9:21-23, in which God contrasts the redeemed with the unsaved, highlighting God’s sovereignty in salvation:


Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? {22} [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction [apoleia:G684]: {23} And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,”


Isaiah 64:6-8 is another powerful reminder of this truth: “But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away. {7} And [there is] none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities. {8} But now, O LORD, thou [art] our father; we [are] the clay, and thou our potter; and we all [are] the work of thy hand.” 


Jeremiah 18:1-6 likewise affirms: “The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, {2} Arise, and go down to the potter's house, and there I will cause thee to hear my words. {3} Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a work on the wheels. {4} And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of the potter: so he made it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to make [it]. {5} Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, {6} O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith the LORD. Behold, as the clay [is] in the potter's hand, so [are] ye in mine hand, O house of Israel.”


Of Ungodly [asebes:G765] Men [anthropos:G444]


The last two words in verse 7 are: “of ungodly” and “men,” and they are found together again only in Jude 4, as “men” and “ungodly men”: 


“For there are certain men [anthropos:G444] crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men [asebes:G765], turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.”


Now we want to proceed to verse 8, which admonishes:


Verse 8: “But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.”


We have already researched the words, “beloved” and “be ignorant” in our previous lessons in this chapter, so I won’t go over that material again, which brings us to the next two terms, “of this one” and “thing.”    


Of This One [heis:G1520] Thing [touto:G5124] 


These two expressions surface in three other citations, having to do with “one” sin, “one” death, and “one” sheep:


In Romans 5:12 one learns of the origin of sin through Adam: Wherefore [dia:G1223] [touto:G5124], as by one [heis:G1520]  man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:”


By contrast, 2 Corinthians 5:14 reveals the One death that freed God’s elect from both sin and annihilation: “For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus [touto:G5124]  judge, that if one [heis:G1520] died for all, then were all dead:”


Matthew 12:11 references that God’s concern and focus is concentrated on one individual “sheep” (elect believer) at a time: “And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one [heis:G1520] sheep, and if it [touto:G5124] fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift [it] out?”


Now we will learn the identity of this “one thing” that God’s saints are not “...to be ignorant of” which is contained in these two complementary phrases: 


  1. “... that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years…”  
  2. “...and a thousand years as one day.”


We have correctly understood that in these two phrases, God has hidden an extremely significant clue regarding the timing of the day of judgment, which He would only reveal through the Scriptures at “the time of the end.”  Let’s start with the first phrase, and the expression, “day”:


Day [hemera:G2250] 


I mentioned the word, “day” in 2 Peter 3 - Part 5, in connection with the term, “the last,” as in “the last days,” however I would like to devote some extra time to further examine this extremely significant expression:


In 2 Thessalonians 2:2-3, we find a noteworthy truth regarding the fact that one of the ways that God operates, is according to very specific “times and seasons” that He has set up, and during which He reveals a measure of truth from the Bible; (we refer to this as “progressive revelation.”): “That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day [hemera:G2250] of Christ is at hand. {3} Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;


Among other truths, this passage is confirming the fact that certain events had to have taken place (They already have.) prior to the day of judgment: 


Hebrews 3:8 and 13, include the fact that the word “day” can refer to a time frame that is much longer than 24 hours; in fact in this instance it lasted 40 years - a key number that is associated with “testing”: “Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day [hemera:G2250]  of temptation in the wilderness: ... {13} But exhort one another daily [kata:G2597 - “according to”] [hekastos:G1538 - “each” or “every”] [hemera:G2250], while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.”


Hebrews 10:25, “Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some [is]; but exhorting [one another]: and so much the more, as ye see the day [hemera:G2250] approaching.”


Verse 4 of Hebrews 4:4, and 7-8, also incorporate the expression, “the seventh” twice: “For he spake in a certain place of the seventh [day] on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day [hemera:G2250]  from all his works. ... {7} Again, he limiteth a certain day [hemera:G2250], saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. {8} For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.” [hemera:G2250] 


Hebrews 11:30 makes this important declaration regarding the overthrow of Jericho, after the Israelites encompassed the walls 13 times over a period of 7 days, and the number 13 points to the 13,000th anniversary of the year of Creation in 11,013 B.C.:  “By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.” [hemera:G2250] 


Seven [sheba`:H7651]- Seventh [shebiy`iy:H7637] Sware [shaba`:H7650] In The Old Testament

   

Let’s read that account in Joshua 6:1-5, and please pay careful attention to the four “sevens” in verse 4: “seven priests”... “seven showphars” (or “rams’ horns”)... “seventh day”... “seven times”: 


“Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in. {2} And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, [and] the mighty men of valour. {3} And ye shall compass the city, all [ye] men of war, [and] go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days. {4} And seven [sheba`:H7651]  priests shall bear before the ark seven [sheba`:H7651] trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh [shebiy`iy:H7637 - a derivative of H7651]] day ye shall compass the city seven [sheba`:H7651]  times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. {5} And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long [blast] with the ram's horn, [and] when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.”


Seven [sheba`:H7651] & Oath [shaba`:H7650] 


What is intriguing about the word, “seven” or “sheba`” (H7651) is that its identically spelled as its root word “shaba`” (H7650), which by and large is translated, “sware” as in taking an oath. Here are some of the ways in which God utilizes this term: 


Micah 7:20 acknowledges: “Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, [and] the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn [shaba`:H7650]  unto our fathers from the days of old.”


In Joshua 5:6 it appears twice as “sware”: “For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people [that were] men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware [shaba`:H7650] that he would not shew them the land, which the LORD sware [shaba`:H7650]  unto their fathers that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey.”


Psalm 110:4 renders this as, “hath sworn”: “The LORD hath sworn [shaba`:H7650], and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.”


Isaiah 14:24 likewise affirms: “The LORD of hosts hath sworn [shaba`:H7650], saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, [so] shall it stand:”


Getting back to 2 Peter 3:8. The word “day” (hemera:G2250) shows up no less than 7 times in this chapter, including the time clue in verse 8, which as we will discover, is also related to the number 7! The verses in which this term “day” surface in 2 Peter 3 are: 3, 7-8 (twice), 10, 12,  and 18 


“Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days [hemera:G2250]  scoffers, walking after their own lusts, ... {7} But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day [hemera:G2250]  of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. {8} But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [hemera:G2250]  [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. [hemera:G2250] ... {10} But the day [hemera:G2250]  of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. ... {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day [hemera:G2250]  of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? ... {18} But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. [hemera:G2250]  Amen.”


[Is] With [para:G3844] The Lord [kyrios:G2962] 


The next phrase in 2 Peter 3:8 is: “...with the Lord...” and these two terms, for instance, crop up in John 15:14-15, a passage in which God is making a very enlightening distinction between “friends” and “servants” with regard to the nature of the elect by definition [“if ye do whatsoever I command you”], thus qualifying them to be the recipients of whatever doctrine or truth He chooses to reveal to them, according to the proper, “time and season” for doing so: 


Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. {15} Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord [kyrios:G2962] doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of [para:G3844]  my Father I have made known unto you.


This also comports with many other similar citations that emphasize this same truth, as these next references underscore:


John 3:27 acknowledges: “John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.


 Luke 24:45 likewise asserts: “Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,”


1 Corinthians 2:12-13 further add: Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. {13} Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.


The last part of this first phrase, “... that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years…” sets up a formula: “one day” = “a thousand years”: 


As [hos:G5613] A Thousand [chilioi:G5507] Years [etos:G2094] 


The two words, “a thousand”  and “years” are only found together, curiously, in six other references, besides 2 Peter 3:8, and and all six of these Scriptures are in Revelation 20:2-7, and they are all figurative; the only passage that is “literal” is this formula in 2 Peter 3:8, as I have mentioned: “one day” = “a thousand years,” even though there is a spiritual dimension to this as well, since The Lord Jesus is the “Day,” and the number “1000” (or “10,” or “100”) conveys “completeness.”


Revelation 20:2-7 declares: “And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand [chilioi:G5507]  years [etos:G2094], {3} And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand [chilioi:G5507] years [etos:G2094] should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season. {4} And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and [I saw] the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received [his] mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand [chilioi:G5507] years. [etos:G2094] {5} But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand [chilioi:G5507] years [etos:G2094] were finished. This [is] the first resurrection. {6} Blessed and holy [is] he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand [chilioi:G5507] years. [etos:G2094] {7} And when the thousand [chilioi:G5507] years [etos:G2094] are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,” 


The number, “1000” as I said is a spiritual number that points to Satan being “bound” for a figurative “1000 years” - from the Cross (where he was bound) until the beginning of the Great Tribulation on May 21, 1988, when he was “loosed” for “a little season,” which spanned the 23-year (8400 day) duration of the Great Tribulation, which ended on May 21, 2011 when he was defeated, and our current prolonged day of judgment commenced.


I think we’ll stop here, and Lord willing, next Sunday we will consider the second phrase in 2 Peter 3:8, “...and a thousand years as one day,” and then proceed to verse 9.  Please stay tuned for our hymn sing.



2 Peter 3 - Part 12

November 3, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 12, and today’s date is November 3, 2019. I’ll read verses 7-14,


“But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. {8} But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. {9} The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. {14} Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.”


We are down to the last few words in 2 Peter 3:8, and the phrase, “...and a thousand years as one day,” which is the second part of this “time clue;” the first part we considered last week, “...that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years…”   However, before we do that, I would like to recap some of the important highlights of 2 Peter 3:8 that were mentioned in our last study; and this verse (indeed this chapter) is without question extremely significant, especially for those of us who are living today. No other generation before ours has had the enormous privilege of seeing so many truths unfold before our very eyes. No other generation has been this close to the end of the world, and the ushering in of “the New Heavens and New Earth,” and the destruction of this sin-cursed universe. No other generation has lived in the “day of judgment,” and has been given this “new commission” to feed God’s elect, while witnessing the systematic dismantling of Satan’s kingdom. Additionally, we have lived through three distinct “times and seasons” which in itself is remarkable, given the fact that the vast majority of people who have lived and died, only witnessed one particular “time and season” in their lifetime. These three “times and seasons” are:


  1. The era of the New Testament churches.
  2. The Great Tribulation (including the “Latter Rain” - the third great season of “rain” - and the (third) “harvest” it produced, which was the salvation of the last of God’s elect)
  3. The Day of Judgment.


Important Highlights Of 2 Peter 3:8 To Keep In Mind


Here is what we have understood thus far about 2 Peter 3:8,


  • It is addressed to all the “beloved” or all the elect presently “alive and remain[ing]” (according to 1 Thessalonians 4:15 and 17)


  • The “one thing” that the beloved are not to be “ignorant” of (i.e., “hidden” or “unawares”) is the dual time clue in the next phrase.


  • Actually the terms, “[is] with the Lord” as they are found together in John 15:14-15 further underscore the importance that God wants His beloved elect to be fully aware of this “time clue” in 2 Peter 3:8, for the express purpose of being a “watchman,” and warning the world that God’s judgment would fall on May 21, 2011: “Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. {15} Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord [kyrios:G2962] doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of [para:G3844] my Father I have made known unto you.


  • This “time clue” consists of two complementary statements: “one day” = “a thousand years” and “a thousand years” = “one day” 


  • We also discovered that the terms “a thousand” (chiloi:G5507) and  “years” (etos:G2094) are only found again six times in Revelation 20 for a total of seven, including 2 Peter 3:8; in each case in Revelation 20, this expression is employed figuratively. 


  • The “day” (hemera:G2250) can refer to the Lord Jesus Christ spiritually; occasionally in the Bible, it represents a much longer period of time as Hebrews 3:8 for instance, speaks about the 40-year wilderness sojourn as a “day.”


  • Throughout Scripture, we find many occurences in which God associates “days” with the number “seven” - which is a number that spiritually identifies with “perfection” or “completeness.” 


  • It was noted in Hebrews 11:30, when the walls of Jericho fell down after “seven days,” (at the completion of the 13th time around the city) that this historical event pointed spiritually to the 13,000th anniversary of Creation in 1988, and the year in which the Great Tribulation began. 


  • In  the Old Testament account of Joshua 6:1-5 we also noticed that the number “seven” (sheba`:H7651) was used in connection withseven priests,” “seven showfars,” seven times,” and the seventh day.”


  • This word, “sheba`” (H7651) is also highly significant because its identically spelled root word (shaba`:H7650) is commonly rendered as “sware” as in taking an oath, which goes back to “...the foundation of the world,” as we read for example in Psalm 110:4, in which “hath sworn” is this term, “shaba`” (H7650) “The LORD hath sworn [shaba`:H7650], and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.”  


  • In 2 Peter 3:8 God ties together the flood of Noah’s day (in verse 6) with the destruction of our universe (verse 7), and then inserts this time clue in verse 8.


A Thousand Years As One Day


Now we want to turn our attention to the last part of the axiom, “...a thousand years as one day.”  However since we have already considered these same words in our previous study, what I would like to do, is to examine Psalm 90:4-7, which is a parallel passage that also mentions the same context of judgment (in verse 7) as well as the same or similar expressions: “in thy [God’s] sight,”  “a thousand years as a day;” comparing it to “yesterday,” and “as a watch in the night”:


For a thousand [’eleph:H505] years [shaneh:H8141] in thy sight [`ayin:H5869] [are but] as (a day) [yowm:G3117] yesterday [’ethmowl:H865] when it is past [`abar:H5674], and [as] a watch [’ashmurah:H821] in the night. [layil:H3915] {5} Thou carriest them away as with a flood; [zaram:H2229] they are [as] a sleep:[shehah:H8142] in the morning [boqer:H1242] [they are] like grass [chatsiyr:H2682] [which] groweth up.” [chalaph:H2498] {6} In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth. {7} For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.


In Thy Sight [`ayin:H5869] 


The expression, “in thy sight” which is how this word is predominantly rendered, reminds us of the two Greek terms in 2 Peter 3:8, “...[is] with the Lord,” as I indicated previously. It is obvious that nothing escapes God’s constant gaze as Proverbs 15:3 reveals, in which this word, “in thy sight” is translated as “the eyes”: “The eyes of the LORD [are] in every place, beholding the evil and the good.” Nevertheless, we don’t want to miss the fact that there is an additional dimension having to do with how God reckons “time,” with respect to this “time clue” that He has inserted in 2 Peter 3:8, as this “time clue” will also reveal the last “time and season” in God’s overall plan for the human race, as we live through this present “day of judgment,” which began on May 21, 2011.


[Are But] As [yowm:H3117]


The translators of the KJV Bible must have had difficulty with Psalm 90:4, as they omitted the word, “day” (yowm:H3117) replacing it with “as,” and then jumping to the next word, “yesterday,” or “ ’ethmowl” (H865), “when it is past” (`abar:H5674) Literally it says, “a day of old, when it is past,” as Mr. Camping pointed out, when discussing this passage. In Jay P. Green’s Literal Translation (LITV) it is rendered this way: “For a thousand years in Your eyes are as a day, yesterday, when it passes, and as a watch in the night.”


A Day [yowm:H3117] & When It Is Past [`abar:H5674]


There are a couple of interesting verses that contain both words, “a day” (yowm:H3117) and “when it is past” (`abar:H5674): 


Verse two of Zephaniah 2:1-3 constituted the warning that God’s elect proclaimed prior to May 21, 2011; these terms are translated as “[before] the day” and “pass”: “Gather yourselves together, yea, gather together, O nation not desired; {2} Before the decree bring forth, [before] the day [yowm:H3117] pass [`abar:H5674] as the chaff, before the fierce anger of the LORD come upon you, before the day of the LORD'S anger come upon you. {3} Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.


Notice the threefold repetition of the words, “before” and “seek”  as well as the word “chaff,” which is likened to the “passing” of the “day.” 

Pass [`abar:H5674] & As The Chaff [mots:H4671]


The two words, “pass” and “as the chaff” in Zephaniah 2:2 only surface together again in Isaiah 29:5, which is a denunciation of national Israel’s rebellion (and mirrors the end-time institutional churches and denominations): 


“Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones [shall be] as chaff [mots:H4671]

 that passeth away [`abar:H5674]: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.”


Verse 12 of Matthew 3:7-12 (and its parallel verse, Luke 3:17) records the words of John the Baptist, in which the term “chaff” only appears in these New Testament citations:


“But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? {8} Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance: {9} And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. {10} And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. {11} I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and [with] fire: {12} Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff [achyron:G892] with unquenchable fire.”

 

The other Old Testament reference in which “pass” and “chaff” are linked is Job 17:11, which pictures Job as a “type” of the Lord Jesus Christ, under the wrath of GOD: My days [yowm:H3117] are past [`abar:H5674], my purposes are broken off, [even] the thoughts of my heart.”


And As A Watch [’ashmurah:H821] In The Night [layil:H3915] 


The last two words in  Psalm 90:4 are “and as a watch” along with “in the night,” and they only appear together in one other passage, which is verse 19 of Lamentations 2:1-19, which is another chapter in which God records His judgment against Israel, (representing the churches and denominations) where judgment  took place at God’s own “house” first, and please note the verbs that describe the extent of His judgment on all churches, worldwide and without exception. Please keep in mind that when this was taking place, Christ came in judgment as 1 Peter 4:17-18 reveal, and then as of May 21, 2011 that judgment transitioned from the churches and denominations to the world at large, in which Satan’s kingdom is now being “divided”:


“How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, [and] cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger! {2} The Lord hath swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and hath not pitied: he hath thrown down in his wrath the strong holds of the daughter of Judah; he hath brought [them] down to the ground: he hath polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof. {3} He hath cut off in [his] fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, [which] devoureth round about. {4} He hath bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all [that were] pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury like fire. {5} The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. {6} And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as [if it were of] a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. {7} The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast. {8} The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion: he hath stretched out a line, he hath not withdrawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together. {9} Her gates are sunk into the ground; he hath destroyed and broken her bars: her king and her princes [are] among the Gentiles: the law [is] no [more]; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD. {10} The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, [and] keep silence: they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground. {11} Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city. {12} They say to their mothers, Where [is] corn and wine? when they swooned as the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom. {13} What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach [is] great like the sea: who can heal thee? {14} Thy prophets have seen vain and foolish things for thee: and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity; but have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment. {15} All that pass by clap [their] hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, [saying, Is] this the city that [men] call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth? {16} All thine enemies have opened their mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed [her] up: certainly this [is] the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen [it]. {17} The LORD hath done [that] which he had devised; he hath fulfilled his word that he had commanded in the days of old: he hath thrown down, and hath not pitied: and he hath caused [thine] enemy to rejoice over thee, he hath set up the horn of thine adversaries. {18} Their heart cried unto the Lord, O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a river day and night: give thyself no rest; let not the apple of thine eye cease. {19} Arise, cry out in the night [layil:H3915]: in the beginning of the watches [’ashmurah:H821] pour out thine heart like water before the face of the Lord: lift up thy hands toward him for the life of thy young children, that faint for hunger in the top of every street.”


The expression, “watch” emerges in verse 38 of Luke 12:35-43 and is connected to Christ’s return in judgment: 


“Let your loins be girded about, and [your] lights burning; {36} And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately. {37} Blessed [are] those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them. {38} And if he shall come in the second watch [phylake:H5438] [9-12 PM], or come in the third watch [phylake:H5438] [12-3AM], and find [them] so, blessed are those servants. {39} And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through. {40} Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not. {41} Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all? {42} And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over his household, to give [them their] portion of meat in due season? {43} Blessed [is] that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.


On that blessed note, we will conclude today’s study. Lord willing, next Sunday we will discuss the word “flood” in Psalm 90:5, and then tie that to the Flood of Noah’s day, and how that helps to open up the “time clue” in 2 Peter 3:8. Please stay tuned for our Hymn Sing next.

2 Peter 3 - Part 13

November 10, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 13, and today’s date is November 10, 2019. I’ll read verses 7-14,


“But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. {8} But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. {9} The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. {14} Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.”


We have taken a detour from 2 Peter 3:8 to look at Psalm 90:4-7, in the hope that God will give us further understanding of 2 Peter 3:8, as both passages share similar ideas. I’ll read Psalm 90:4-7,


For a thousand [’eleph:H505] years [shaneh:H8141] in thy sight [`ayin:H5869] [are but] as (a day) [yowm:G3117] yesterday [’ethmowl:H865] when it is past [`abar:H5674], and [as] a watch [’ashmurah:H821] in the night. [layil:H3915] {5} Thou carriest them away as with a flood; [zaram:H2229] they are [as] a sleep:[shehah:H8142] in the morning [boqer:H1242] [they are] like grass [chatsiyr:H2682] [which] groweth up.” [chalaph:H2498] {6} In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth. {7} For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.


In Part 12, we left off verse 5, and the Hebrew word that is rendered by the English phrase, “Thou carriest them away as with a flood [zaram:H2229]...”


Thou Carriest Them Away As With A Flood [zaram:H2229]

This expression is only found one other time in verse 17 of Psalm 77:16-20, in which this term is translated as, “poured out”:  


The waters [mayim:H4325] saw thee, O God, the waters [mayim:H4325]  saw thee; they were afraid: the depths [tehowm:H8415] also were troubled. {17} The clouds poured out [zaram:H2229] water [mayim:H4325]: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad. {18} The voice of thy thunder [was] in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook. {19} Thy way [is] in the sea [yam:H3220], and thy path in the great waters [mayim:H4325], and thy footsteps are not known. {20} Thou leddest thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.”


Did you happen to notice the recurring emphasis on “water,” or “the depths,” or “in the sea” which are all different Hebrew words, yet with a common theme that for our purposes in this study, is related to judgment?


A Closer Look At These Three Expressions


Let’s take a closer look to see how God utilizes these three words in the context of judgment, as that is the grand emphasis in 2 Peter 3:8, as God ties the Flood of Noah’s day (in 4990 BC) with the destruction of our universe by “fire,” and in the process gives us an amazing “time clue,” (regarding the date of May 21, 2011) which is not to be “hidden” from God’s elect, nor are they to be “unaware” of it - which is the thrust of this Greek expression, “be [not] ignorant” (lanthano:G2990).


Water [mayim:H4325]


This word is used close to 600 times in the Old Testament. It is used extensively in Genesis 7 with regard to the Flood in verses 6-7, 10, 17-20, and 24: 


“And Noah [was] six hundred years old when the flood of waters [mayim:H4325] was upon the earth. {7} And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters [mayim:H4325] of the flood. ... {10} And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters [mayim:H4325] of the flood were upon the earth. ... {17} And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters [mayim:H4325]  increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. {18} And the waters [mayim:H4325] prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. [mayim:H4325] {19} And the waters [mayim:H4325] prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that [were] under the whole heaven, were covered. {20} Fifteen cubits upward did the waters [mayim:H4325]

 prevail; and the mountains were covered. ... {24} And the waters [mayim:H4325]  prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days.”


The following citations further illustrate God’s usage of this word, in relationship with judgment:


Hosea 5:10 incorporates this term as it proclaims God’s wrath - likened to water - upon the “princes of Judah,” typifying the end-time institutional churches and denominations: “The princes of Judah were like them that remove the bound: [therefore] I will pour out my wrath upon them like water.” [mayim:H4325]


The Depths [tehowm:H8415] 


As Jonah was in the whale’s “belly (or “womb”) of hell” (which is the grave) the expressions, “the waters” as well as this other word, “the depth” in Jonah 2:5 point to the Lord Jesus under the wrath of God at “...the foundation of the world”: “The waters [mayim:H4325] compassed me about, [even] to the soul: the depth [tehowm:H8415] closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head.”


Exodus 15:8, 10, 19 record God’s judgment by water upon Pharaoh Thutmosis III (known as the “Napoleon of Egypt) and the entire Egyptian army; these verses contain all of these terms, plus one more, “the floods” (nazal:H5140): “And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters [mayim:H4325]  were gathered together, the floods [nazal:H5140] stood upright as an heap, [and] the depths [tehowm:H8415] were congealed in the heart of the sea. [yam:H3220],  ... {10} Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea [yam:H3220] covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters. [mayim:H4325]  ... {19} For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea [yam:H3220], and the LORD brought again the waters [mayim:H4325]  of the sea [yam:H3220],  upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry [land] in the midst of the sea.” [yam:H3220] 


The word, “the depths” is also included in Genesis 7:11, and carefully note the day, the month, and the year of Noah’s life, as he was the “calendar reference patriarch” at that time: “In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep [tehowm:H8415] broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”


Exodus 15:5 likewise contains this expression in reference to the Egyptians who perished in the Red Sea: “The depths [tehowm:H8415] have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone.”


[Is] In The Sea [yam:H3220]


Isaiah 57:20 exemplifies the wicked as “the troubled sea” as the “sea” is also a portrait of “hell” or the grave and ultimately,  annihilation: “But the wicked [are] like the troubled sea [yam:H3220], when it cannot rest, whose waters [mayim:H4325] cast up mire and dirt.”


In Exodus 14:22-23, and 26-30 this term appears again in connection with the Red Sea, in which the Israelites were saved, and the greatest army of earth vanquished by God Almighty; notice again the appearance of the term, “waters” (mayim:H5325) as well: 


“And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea  [yam:H3220] upon the dry [ground]: and the waters [mayim:H4325]  [were] a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. {23} And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea  [yam:H3220], [even] all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. ... {26} And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea  [yam:H3220], that the waters [mayim:H4325] may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. {27} And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea [yam:H3220], and the sea  [yam:H3220] returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.  [yam:H3220] {28} And the waters [mayim:H4325] returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, [and] all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea  [yam:H3220] after them; there remained not so much as one of them. {29} But the children of Israel walked upon dry [land] in the midst of the sea  [yam:H3220]; and the waters [mayim:H4325] [were] a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. {30} Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea  [yam:H3220] shore.”


“For Yet Seven Days”


In an earlier study we discussed the frequency of the term, “seven” throughout the Bible as it signifies “perfection” or “completion.” This word is also associated with “day” or “days.” And we want to remember the “time clue” in 2 Peter 3:8, “...one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.” This is why the statement in Genesis 7:4 is so compelling: 


For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.”


Earlier in Genesis 7:11 we learned: “In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”


Using the time clue in 2 Peter 3:8, “one day...as a thousand years” (and vice versa) in conjunction with “For yet seven days,” we understand this to equal 7000 years. According to the Biblical Calendar (which God allowed Mr. Camping to discover in Genesis 5 and 11), the date for the Flood was in the year 4990 BC., which was the “seventeenth day of the second month” as stipulated by Genesis 7:11. 7000 years from 4990 BC (minus 1 since there is no year zero) equals 2011. Moreover the “seventeenth day of the second month” in 2011 according to the Hebrew Calendar was May 21, 2011, which began the final “time and season” - this prolonged day of judgment -  for the inhabitants of planet earth.


This brings us to verse 9, which states:


Verse 9: “The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.” 



Is Slack [bradyno:G1019] 


“Is slack” in this first phrase, “The Lord is not slack” is only found again in 1 Timothy 3:15, and is translated as, “I tarry long”


“But if I tarry long [bradyno:G1019], that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.”


This passage also deals with a possible “time delay” in the historical context as Paul (representing the Lord Jesus whose coming was indeed  “delayed” as of the writing of this epistle before  90 AD) writes to Timothy (typifying the pastors and elders during the church age - “the house of God”), indicating the manner in which, he is as a pastor, is to carry out his responsibilities to the Lord.  God wrote this verse in such a way as to be a “snare,” since “the pillar and ground of the truth” can legitimately refer to either the “living God,” or to “the church.” And those within the churches and denominations, and their seminaries who train their pastors, have chosen to adopt the latter, robbing what in essence belongs exclusively to God alone, Who is the very embodiment of Truth, as John 1:14 so explicitly states:


“Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.”


This prideful attitude on the part of the churches and denominations was only the “tip of the iceberg,”  as they turned more and more away from the Truth of Scripture, which resulted in God’s judgment upon them at the start of the Great Tribulation on May 21, 1988, and the Holy Spirit departed altogether from that formerly divine institution. Jeremiah 7:28 and 9:3 sadly reveal the end result of  such erroneous thinking, denying one of the basic tenets of Scripture - that of “correction,” besides “doctrine,” “reproof,” and “instruction in righteousness,” (according to 2 Timothy 3:16).


“But thou shalt say unto them, This [is] a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the LORD their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth….{9:3} And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.”


Concerning His Promise [epaggelia:G1860] 


The next expression in verse 9 is “concerning his promise,” which was discussed in some detail in Part 7,  regarding the “promise of his coming” in verse 4. We also discovered that this term, “promise” (which is a noun and stems from the verb form, G1861) has everything to do with “eternal life.” Both forms are found in 1 John 2:25, 


“And this is the promise [epaggelia:G1860]  that he hath promised [epaggelomai:G1861] us, [even] eternal life.”


As Some Men Count [hegeomai:G2233] Slackness [bradytes:G1022] 

With that in mind, let’s proceed to the next phrase, “as some men count slackness.” We have already considered the the word, “count” in 2 Peter chapter two, so let’s move on to the main word “slackness” (bradytes:G1022), which is a noun, and stems from the root word, “Bradys” (G1021); by the way, G1021 is also the root word for the verb, “slack.” (G1019) “Bradys” (G1021) is only found in two other citations, in which it is rendered as “slow”:


Verse 25 of Luke 24:25-27, 31-32, and 44-45 is a very important admonishment which the Lord pointed out to the two men on the way to Emmaus, on that Resurrection Sunday: 


“Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow [bradys:G1021] of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: {26} Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? {27} And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. ... {31} And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. {32} And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures? ... {44} And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me. {45} Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,”


The other reference is in James 1:19, in which it is also rendered as “slow” twice: “Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow [bradys:G1021] to speak, slow [bradys:G1021] to wrath:”


The next phrase that we encounter in verse 9 is: “but is longsuffering to usward,” which is made up of four Greek terms, and only found together in this verse; the main word is “longsuffering” (makrothymeo:G3114), which we now want to examine.


Longsuffering [makrothymeo:G3114]


This Greek verb, “longsuffering”  is derived from its root word, “makrothymos” (G3116) which is an adverb, and only found in verse 3 of Acts 26:1-3, as “patiently”:


“Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Thou art permitted to speak for thyself. Then Paul stretched forth the hand, and answered for himself: {2} I think myself happy, king Agrippa, because I shall answer for myself this day before thee touching all the things whereof I am accused of the Jews: {3} Especially [because I know] thee to be expert in all customs and questions which are among the Jews: wherefore I beseech thee to hear me patiently.” [makrothymos:G3116] 


The following are some of the ways that God utilizes this term:


Verse 15 of Hebrews 6:9-15 expresses this term as “after he had patiently endured” in speaking about the patriarch, Abraham; please note the admonition for God’s elect especially today, by the word, “beloved”: “But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. {10} For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. {11} And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end: {12} That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises. {13} For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, {14} Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee. {15} And so, after he had patiently endured [makrothymeo:G3114], he obtained the promise.”


Another highly significant passage is James 5:7-8, in which this word is rendered as “be patient” twice, along with, “and hath long patience”: Be patient [makrothymeo:G3114] therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience [makrothymeo:G3114] for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. {8} Be [makrothymeo:G3114] ye also patient [makrothymeo:G3114]; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.”


The concept that God was very patient or “longsuffering”  in “waiting” for both the early (or Pentecostal), rain which had to do with the those who were redeemed during the era of the church age, as well as the “Latter rain” (from September 6, 1994 - May 21, 2011), in which the last of the elect were saved, ties into the second half of  2 Peter 3:9, namely, “...not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.” Lord willing we will begin our study next Sunday by examining that statement. Please stay tuned for our Hymn Sing.

2 Peter 3 - Part 14

November 17, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 14, and today’s date is November 17, 2019. I’ll read verses 7-14,


“But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. {8} But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. {9} The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. {14} Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.”


We left off  at the last half of verse 9, “...not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.”  We want to bear in mind that this verse is referring to God’s elect (the “any” as well as the “all”) who were saved during the day of salvation. So when we read that God is “not willing” that any should perish, only the elect are in view, not every single person who has ever lived on planet earth, as those who promote a “free-will” gospel adamantly insist. Let’s begin our study by investigating these two terms, “not,” and “willing”:


Not [me:G3361]  Willing [boulomai:G1014]


These two words emerge together again in the following five citations:  


Verse 19 of Matthew 1:18-25 reveals the background surrounding the birth of the Lord Jesus, in which these two words are translated, “not” and “was minded”: “Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. {19} Then Joseph her husband, being a just [man], and not [me:G3361] willing to make her a publick example, was minded [boulomai:G1014] to put her away privily. {20} But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. {21} And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. {22} Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, {23} Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. {24} Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: {25} And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.”


In this passage we catch a glimpse of Joseph’s character, by God’s grace, in the face of what appears as infidelity on the part of Mary, although this was certainly not the case, as the “angel” or  “messenger” later divulged. 


In verse 42 of Luke 22:41-44 these two expressions are rendered as, “not” and “thou be willing” when Christ was in the Garden of Gethsemane (which means “wine press” or “oil press”) as He was demonstrating what took place when He was bearing sin “at the foundation of the world”: “And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, {42} Saying, Father, if thou be willing [boulomai:G1014], remove this cup from me: nevertheless not [me:G3361] my will, but thine, be done. {43} And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. {44} And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.”


In this astounding passage we see the Lord Jesus humbly submitting to the Will of the Father - and not His own - even though this meant that He had to undergo the unspeakable physical, emotional and spiritual agony - even though He was not paying for sins at the time - in order to fulfill the Scriptures, and to give the elect today a “behind the scenes” peek at what took place, “...at the foundation of the world” in the Atonement.


Verse 28 of Acts 5:28-39 translates these two words as, “not” and “intend”: “Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not [me:G3361]  teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend [boulomai:G1014] to bring this man's blood upon us. {29} Then Peter and the [other] apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men. {30} The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. {31} Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. {32} And we are his witnesses of these things; and [so is] also the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him. {33} When they heard [that], they were cut [to the heart], and took counsel to slay them. {34} Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the apostles forth a little space; {35} And said unto them, Ye men of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend to do as touching these men. {36} For before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himself to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves: who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered, and brought to nought. {37} After this man rose up Judas of Galilee in the days of the taxing, and drew away much people after him: he also perished; and all, [even] as many as obeyed him, were dispersed. {38} And now I say unto you, Refrain from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel or this work be of men, it will come to nought: {39} But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God.”


This portion of Scripture condemns the members of this council - with the exception of Gamaliel - who forbade (in vain) the Apostles from preaching, and then tried to deny any responsibility for having crucified the Messiah.


Verse 10 of 3 John 1:9-14 renders these expressions as, “not,” and “them that would”: “I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not. {10} Wherefore, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth, prating against us with malicious words: and not [me:G3361] content therewith, neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would [boulomai:G1014], and casteth [them] out of the church. {11} Beloved, follow not that which is evil, but that which is good. He that doeth good is of God: but he that doeth evil hath not seen God. {12} Demetrius hath good report of all [men], and of the truth itself: yea, and we [also] bear record; and ye know that our record is true. {13} I had many things to write, but I will not with ink and pen write unto thee: {14} But I trust I shall shortly see thee, and we shall speak face to face. Peace [be] to thee. [Our] friends salute thee. Greet the friends by name.”


This account of what Diotrephes did - in imposing his will - upon the Apostle Paul foreshadows what so many of God’s saints experienced when they were asked to leave their churches, or were unfairly excommunicated by their pastors and elders for upholding the truths of Scripture.


In  Jude 1:5, these words are expressed as, “not” and “I will,” in this chapter in which various examples of the non-elect are given throughout history, including the “fallen angels,” Sodom and Gomorrah, Cain, Balaam, and Core: “I will [boulomai:G1014] therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.” [me:G3361] 


From the above-mentioned references one recognizes that God’s divine will always prevails, in spite of the feeble attempts of man or Satan to thwart it at various times throughout history. 


That Any [tis:G5100] Should Perish [apollymi:G622] 


We now want to focus our attention on the two words, “that any” and “should perish” which was altogether God’s priority throughout the day of salvation, and leading up to the day of judgment. These two terms crop up in four other citations besides 2 Peter 3:9. The first two passages underscore God’s mercy on behalf of His chosen people, while the last two emphasize God’s wrath on all the non-elect:


In John 6:12 we read: “When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing [tis:G5100] be lost.” [apollymi:G622]


John 10:28 further acknowledges: “And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall [apollymi:G622] never perish [apollymi:G622], neither shall any [tis:G5100] [man] pluck them out of my hand.”


By contrast, 1 Corinthians 10:9-10 warns: “Neither let us tempt Christ, as some [tis:G5100] of them also tempted, and were destroyed [apollymi:G622] of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some [tis:G5100]  of them also murmured, and were destroyed [apollymi:G622]

 of the destroyer.”


So once again we come face to face with this major Biblical theme that runs all throughout the Bible dividing the human race into two distinct groups or kingdoms: those whom God has saved “...from the foundation of the world,”  and the others whom He did not, as we read, for instance, in Romans 9:21-24,


“Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? {22} [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: {23} And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, {24}  Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?”


We understand that God was “...not willing that any [of the elect] should perish, but that all [of the elect] should come to repentance;”  let’s consider this last phrase in verse 9, “...but that all should come to repentance.”


But [alla:G235] That All [pas:G3956] Should Come [choreo:G5562] To [eis:G1519]Repentance [metanoia:G3341] 


That All [pas:G3956] Should Come [choreo:G5562] 


The two expressions, “that all” and “should come” are only found in two chapters in the book of Matthew, which shed light on two other vital truths pertaining to salvation:


  1.  “...every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.” (Matthew 15:13)


  1. All [men] cannot receive this saying, save [they] to whom it is given


Verse 17 of Matthew 15:7-20 renders these terms as “whatsoever” and “goeth”: “[Ye] hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, {8} This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with [their] lips; but their heart is far from me. {9} But in vain they do worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men. {10} And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand : {11} Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man. {12} Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying? {13} But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up. {14] Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. {15} Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable. {16] And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding?{17} Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever [pas:G3956] entereth in at the mouth goeth  [choreo:G5562] into the belly, and is cast out into the draught? {18} But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. {19} For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: {20} These are [the things] which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.


Verse 11 of Matthew 19:10-12 translates these terms as “all” and “receive,” in the context of  Jesus’ instruction on marriage: “His disciples say unto him, If the case of the man be so with [his] wife, it is not good to marry. {11} But he said unto them, All [pas:G3956]  [men] cannot receive [choreo:G5562] this saying, save [they] to whom it is given. {12} For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive [it], let him receive [it].”


This also reminds us of John the Baptist’s words, under divine inspiration, in John 3:27,


“John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.



To [eis:G1519] Repentance [metanoia:G3341]


The last two words in 2 Peter 3:9 are: “to” and “repentance.” Here are some illustrations of how God utilizes them, keeping in mind that “repentance” is a synonym for salvation:

Acts 11:18 maintains: “When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance [metanoia:G3341] unto [eis:G1519]  life.”


And Romans 2:4 indicates that “the goodness of God” is the cause of salvation, when it was still possible during the day of salvation: “Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to[eis:G1519]  repentance?” [metanoia:G3341]


Similarly, 2 Timothy 2:25 underscores this truth as well: “In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance [metanoia:G3341] to [eis:G1519]  the acknowledging of the truth;”


This brings us to verse 10, which is an extremely significant statement, that we want to carefully examine:


Verse 10: “But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.


We have already considered the phrase, “the day of the Lord” in our earlier studies, so let’s take a look at the term, “will come”:




Will Come [heko:G2240]


The Greek verb, “will come” is found 27 times, and we will consider some of them which relate to our present day of  judgment:


In Matthew 24:14 and 50 this term appears as “come” and “shall come” respectively: “And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. [heko:G2240] ... {50} The lord of that servant shall come [heko:G2240] in a day when he looketh not for [him], and in an hour that he is not aware of,


Likewise, Luke 12:46 affirms: “The lord of that servant will come [heko:G2240] in a day when he looketh not for [him], and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.”


Similarly, Revelation 15:4 says: “Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come [heko:G2240]  and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.”


Likewise Revelation 18:8 proclaims: “Therefore shall [heko:G2240] her plagues come [heko:G2240] in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong [is] the Lord God who judgeth her.”


As [hos:G5613]A Thief [kleptes:G2812] In [en:G1722] The Night [nyx:G3571] 


The next phrase is a familiar one to many, “as a thief in the night,” and is comprised of four Greek words that only surface together again in verse 2 of 1 Thessalonians 5:1-5.


“But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. {2} For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as [hos:G5613] a thief [kleptes:G2812] in [en:G1722] the night. [nyx:G3571] {3} For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape. {4} But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as [hos:G5613] a thief. [kleptes:G2812]  {5} Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.” 


This is precisely what occurred on May 21, 2011, as the judgment which began at the “house of God” first, transitioned to the world at large, and our current prolonged day of judgment began. This is also seen spiritually in the historical parable, when Cyrus (or Darius) overthrew Babylon at the end of the 70-year captivity, which marked the second (of three) Great Tribulation periods that the Bible speaks about; we read this in Daniel 5:30-31, after Daniel correctly interpreted the handwriting on the wall of Belshazzar’s palace. Undoubtedly, it must have happened very quickly, taking the Chaldeans (Babylonians) completely by surprise, “as a thief,” since the king and his lords and their army were completely unaware of what was about to take place:


“In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. {31} And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old.”


I think we’ll stop here today, and Lord willing pick this up in our next lesson, as I would like to spend some extra time on the last part of verse 10, and in particular on the main words - “the heavens,” “the elements,” “the earth,” and “the works that are therein”: “... in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.”


Please stay tuned for our Hymn Sing next.

2 Peter 3 - Part 15

November 24, 2019


Good afternoon and welcome to BMI’s Sunday Online Fellowship. Thank you for joining us, and shall we go to the Lord in prayer...  This will be 2 Peter 3 - Part 15, and today’s date is November 24, 2019. I’ll read verses 7-14,


“But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. {8} But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. {9} The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. {10} But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. {11} [Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness, {12} Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? {13} Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. {14} Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.”


As I mentioned at the close of our last study, today I would like to spend our time looking very carefully at the last part of verse 10, 


“...in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.” 


This is an exceedingly relevant verse for God’s elect who are, “alive [and] remain,” (1 Thessalonians 4:15 and 17) on the earth today. What is so very sad is that the entire Christian world either puts off the “time of the end” as a future event, or what is equally disturbing, they take current events that are happening in our world today, for example the Trump presidency in the United States,  and equate that to something they read in the Bible, such as “the last trump,” (as we read in 1 Corinthians 15:52) which shows their ignorance of God’s methodology for studying the Scriptures, by “comparing spiritual with spiritual,” as the following passages testify so clearly:


 1 Corinthians 2:11-14 maintains: “For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. {12} Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. {13} Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. {14} But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.”


Acts 17:10-12 likewise enjoins: “And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming [thither] went into the synagogue of the Jews. {11}  These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. {12} Therefore many of them believed; also of honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a few.”


And Nehemiah 8:8 reveals: “So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading.”


With that reminder let’s turn our attention to the last part of 2 Peter 3:10. The first two terms that we want to investigate are:


The Heavens [ouranos:G3772] Shall Pass Away [parerchomai:G3928]


We find these two expressions together in six passages, three of which are identical, so we will just consider four of them:


In Matthew 5:18, “heaven” is used once, and “pass” twice: “For verily I say unto you, Till heaven [ouranos:G3772] and earth pass [parerchomai:G3928], one jot [iota:G2503 - 8th letter of the Greek alphabet - corresponding to the “yod” - the 10th letter of the Hebrew alphabet] or one tittle [keraia:G2762 - ] shall in no wise pass [parerchomai:G3928] from the law [nomos:G3551], till all be fulfilled.”  


This reveals something fascinating about how God wrote the Bible. The letters in both the Hebrew and Greek alphabets are actually “letter words,” in which God has hidden spiritual truth. I don’t know if this is the case with each of the letters, but this seems to be the pattern, which would require more investigation. As such, this would differentiate how God “constructed” the Hebrew and Greek alphabets to include this amazing feature.  As an illustration of this, you might be familiar with the “first” and “last” letter of the Greek alphabet, “alpha” (G1) and “omega” (G5598), and that is also their meanings, not unlike how might use “A-Z,” but our English letters, “A” and “Z” are not “letter words,” as they are in Hebrew and Greek. We understand that the words of the Bible are “God-breathed” (i.e.:“is given by inspiration of God” as we find in 2 Timothy 3:16). And each of those words are made up of various letters, which provides an additional means to verify the spiritual truth contained in each word, complementing the methodology of “comparing spiritual with spiritual,” much of which is based on Strongs numbers, which though helpful, have their own shortcomings, and are not “God-breathed”, as the letters are. So we are talking about delving into the letters themselves - even the smallest Hebrew “jot” (or “iota”) or Hebrew “yod” - which has to be fulfilled, as we read earlier, before the “first heaven,” “the first earth,” and the “sea” are done away with, prior to the ushering in of the “New Heavens” and “New Earth.” We read about, for example, in Revelation 21:1,


And I saw a new heaven [ouranos:G3772]  and a new earth: for the first heaven [ouranos:G3772] and the first earth were passed away; [parerchomai:G3928] and there was no more sea.”


In this verse we find something curious that is not found in the other verses, namely that “the first heaven” along with “the first earth” and the “sea” have been completely done away with, literally, because now we are in the “New Heavens” and the “New Earth.”  Well, let’s go back to the other passages, the next one is Luke 16:17,


“And it is easier for heaven [ouranos:G3772]  and earth to pass [parerchomai:G3928], than one tittle [keraia:G2762] of the law [nomos:G3551] to fail.”


Mark 13:31 (and its parallel verses, Matthew 24:35, and Luke 21:33) all identically acknowledge: Heaven [ouranos:G3772] and earth shall pass away: but my words [logos:G3551] shall [parerchomai:G3928] not pass [parerchomai:G3928] away.”


The other citations, however, make mention of  “the law,” or (“my”) “words,” and even down to the smallest Hebrew and Greek letters (as I mentioned earlier) which make up those words contained in the Law of God, which is the Word of God. What God is emphasizing is the fulfillment of all the Scriptures, even as the Lord reminded the two on the way to Emmaus in Luke 24:44-45,


“And he said unto them, These [are] the words [logos:G3056] which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law [nomos:G3551] of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me. {45} Then opened he [dianoigo:G1272] their understanding [nous:G3563], that they might understand [syniemi:G4920] the scriptures,”


When one stops to consider the reaction of the apostles in Luke 18:31-34, with that of Luke 24:44-45 (and of course this would have been after Jesus’ resurrection) we see a marked difference; the former account utilizes three different Greek verbs to make the point that they had no idea of what He was talking about, in spite of the fact that the information He was presenting to them was simply a statement of what was about to take place shortly: 


“Then he took [unto him] the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. {32} For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: {33} And they shall scourge [him], and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. {34} And they understood [syniemi:G4920] none of these things: and this saying was hid [krypto:G2928] from them, neither knew they [ginosko:G1097] the things which were spoken.


As I stated, Revelation 21:1 speaks of the “first heaven,” “first earth,” and “sea” as no longer existing, which would indeed indicate that everything else would have been already “fulfilled.” 


With A Great Noise [rhoizedon:G4500] 


This particular term is only found in this verse, with no apparent root word, making it difficult to ascertain its meaning. In cases like this we have to turn to the same English words, “great noise,” if God might afford us a clue as to its significance:


In Isaiah 29:6, the context has to do with God bringing His judgment on His own “house” first - typified historically by Judah and Jerusalem: “Thou shalt be visited of the LORD of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great [gadowl:H1419] noise [qowl:H6963] , with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire.”


This word “noise” is most commonly rendered as “voice” in the Old Testament, and the “voice” of God is the Word of God, which is a “twoedged sword,” cutting both to death or to life, according to the “time and season” in which God wields it. 

In spite of God’s judgment on His own “house” first, Micah 2:12 pinpoints the “remnant saved by grace,” exemplified by the language, “O Jacob, all of thee,” “the remnant of Israel,” “the sheep of Bozrah,” and “the flock,”:    


“I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold: they shall make great noise [huwm:H1949] by reason of [the multitude of] men.”


The End Of Salvation


Another spiritual aspect related to 2 Peter 3:10 is the “end of salvation,” which began on May 21, 2011, as the “day of judgment” commenced, as we read in Matthew 24:29, in which the term, “heaven(s)” surfaces twice:


“Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven [ouranos:G3772], and the powers of the heavens [ouranos:G3772] shall be shaken:”


Some have erroneously concluded that this will take place on the very “last” day, but this is impossible for at least two reasons: one, the verse says “Immediately after the tribulation of those days,” which would be the days following May 21, 2011; secondly, it must be speaking parabolically, since the “darkening” of the actual timekeepers would cause all life to cease immediately. Along with this, we find 9 other citations in both the Old and New Testaments which underscore this same truth:


Ecclesiastes 12:1-2 offers this profound warning: “Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them;{2} While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:”


Similarly Isaiah 13:10 announces: “For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.”


Ezekiel 32:7 likewise proclaims: “And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.”


Joel 2:10 and 31 states: “The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: ... {31} The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.”


Joel 3:15 adds: “The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.”


Mark 13:24 is a parallel reference to Matthew 24:29, in which we learn: “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light,”


Acts 2:20 quotes Joel 2:31, “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:”


Lastly, Revelation 6:12 affirms the same: “And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;”


The foregoing passages highlight the veracity of the “end of salvation,” which concluded on May 21, 2011 - which was the underlying Hebrew calendar date of the “seventeenth day of the second month” - that corresponded to the “seventeenth day of the second month” in Noah’s calendar 7000 years earlier, when God shut the door of the Ark (a type of Christ, Who is “the Door”) on Noah and his family, leaving all who remained outside of the Ark to perish in unbelief, as we read in Genesis 7:16 and 23,


“And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in. ... {23} And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained [alive], and they that [were] with him in the ark.” 


The Elements [stoicheion:G4747] Shall Melt [lyo:G3089] 


The next two words, “the elements” and “shall melt” are only found together in verse 10 and verse 12 of this chapter, so we will have to research them individually:


The Elements [stoicheion:G4747]


The expression, “the elements” is included in five other references besides 2 Peter 3:10 and 12:


In Galatians 4:3 and 9 this word is translated as “elements”: “Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements [stoicheion:G4747] of the world: ... {9} But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements [stoicheion:G4747], whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?


Titus 3:3-7 is a good summary of these “weak and beggarly elements” which unsaved man is enslaved to, prior to salvation, during the “day of salvation”: “For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another. {4} But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, {5} Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; {6} Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; {7} That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.”


In verse 8 and 20 of Colossians 2:8 and 20-22, this term is rendered as “the rudiments”: “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. ... {20} Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, {21} (Touch not; taste not; handle not; {22} Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?”


Hebrew 5:12 translates this word as “principles”: “For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. {13} For every one that useth milk [is] unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. {14} But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.”


So we note that these “elements” “rudiments” or “principles” will melt as they have to do with this world, or the non-elect, which is everything outside of the Kingdom of God. The expression, “babe,” as found in Hebrews 5:13 also appears in Galatians 4:1 and 3 as “child” or “children.” (nepios:G3516) This expression can be used of God’s elect, but it can also identify with Ephesians 4:14, in which it crops up as “children,” which is how it is utilized in Hebrews 5:13.


“That we [henceforth] be no more children [nepios:G3516], tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;”  


Someone might ask, “When will these  ‘elements’ ‘rudiments’ or ‘principles melt?” This actually taking place now, in the “day of judgment” as we read, for instance in Hebrews 12:26-29,


Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. {27} And this [word], Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. {28} Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: {29} For our God [is] a consuming fire.”


I think we’ll stop here today, and Lord willing in our next study we will pick up with the word, “shall melt” (luo:G3089), and the rest of verse 10.


Please stay tuned for our Hymn Sing next.