Bible Ministries International

Bible Studies

A series of verse by verse studies by Gunther von Harringa Sr

Act 17:11 These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

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2 Peter 2 - Part 39

August 26, 2018



2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn [epistrepho:G1994] from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to his own vomit again [epistrepho:G1994]; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


Today I would like us to focus on the following:


  1. Reiterate the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 


  1. Address the last phrase in verse 20: “...the latter end is worse with them than the beginning,” and we will review the other two verses pertaining to “the man with an unclean spirit”  in which three of these same words appear in each of them.


  1. Next we want to consider the admonition that verse 21 presents by looking exclusively at the term, “to turn” (epistrepho:G1994), and some of the varied ways that God uses it in the New Testament. 


  1. “Epistrepho” (G1994) is also our vocabulary word for this week.




The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22






The Latter End [eschatos:G2078] Is Worse [cheiron:G5501] With Them [autos:G846] Than The Beginning [protos:G4413]


The last phrase of 2 Peter 2:20 consists of four Greek terms, and three of them appear together in the subsequent three citations: 


Luke 11:26 maintains: “Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last [eschatos:G2078] state of that man is worse [cheiron:G5501] than the first.”  [protos:G4413]



Matthew 12:45 states: “Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last [eschatos:G2078] state of that man is worse than  [cheiron:G5501] the first.  [protos:G4413] Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.”


Lastly, Matthew 27:64 reveals: “Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last [eschatos:G2078]  error shall be worse  than [cheiron:G5501] the first.”  [protos:G4413]



You might recall that we already looked at the parable of  “the man with the unclean spirit” in Luke 11:26 and its parallel verse, Matthew 12:45; Matthew 27:64 pertains to the religious leaders’ false conclusion that Jesus’ followers would take His body secretly and hide it somewhere, in order to “give the appearance” that He actually did rise from the dead, which of course is patently false. 


However what is extremely clear with regard to the other citations is the unequivocal connection that God is making to underscore the dreadfully sad spiritual condition of these individuals - those in 2 Peter 2 along with the account of  “the man with an unclean spirit” -  who truly believe they are saved, but in reality are not.


Verse 21: “For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.”


Let’s proceed with verse 21. We have already investigated the four expressions, “the way,” “of righteousness,” “the holy,” and “delivered,” in some of our earlier studies, so I think today, I’d like to take a little different approach than what I normally do - which is to look at each word in the verse in order -  but today I want to focus exclusively on the word, “to turn”  - which is a very significant word in these passages - and is also our vocabulary word. Of course, we will return to the other words in this verse in future studies,  as we never want to skip over words or verses (by not looking at them, or even worse, avoiding them) but this is an excellent strategy for 2 Peter 2:21, especially because this verse hinges on this exceedingly important term.


Moreover you can adopt this particular strategy even in your own personal Bible study, as you come across a word that seems to stand out, and you want to find out as much as you can about that word, and how God has chosen to use elsewhere in Scripture, and so you start your research.  This is precisely what we want to do today regarding this word, “to turn”: 


To Turn [epistrepho:G1994] - A Closer Look


The term, “epistrepho” (G1994) is a compound Greek word, made up of “epi-” (G1909) and “strepho” (G4762). “Epi-” is a Greek preposition that is primarily rendered as “on,” “in,” or “upon,” but also in many other ways as well;  (It is found almost 900 times.)   “Strepho,” on the other hand is only utilized 19 times, and always rendered as a form of the Greek verb, “turn.”  Let’s begin our investigation by looking at how God employs “epistrepho” (G1994) first, and then, if time permits, we can consider “strepho.”


To Turn [epistrepho:G1994] 


“Epistrepho” appears 39 times, and is translated   turn(16x), be converted(6x), return(6x), turn about(4x), and turn again(3x), and in four other miscellaneous ways, such as: “came again,” or “let us go again.” Here are some of the ways that God makes use of this word:


By the way, in Matthew 12:43-45, which is part of the parable of  “the man with an unclean spirit,”  this word is rendered as “I will return” in verse 44: “When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none. {44} Then he saith, I will return [epistrepho:G1994] into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth [it] empty, swept, and garnished. {45} Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last [state] of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation. 


Do you recall what this passage was teaching?


We have learned that this “man” can only be a portrait of one who thinks he or she is saved (and is not). As near as I can tell, we don’t find a record of Jesus either physically or spiritually healing a person, and then that person somehow loses their salvation, or becomes plagued with the same disease again. From a spiritual perspective, it’s always the case that the individual in question never became saved in the first place.


Withholding The Blessing Of Salvation


This same word is also used in conjunction with a quotation taken from Isaiah 6:9-10 - one of the most significant statements in the Bible having to do with God not opening the non-elect’s eyes and ears to the Truth, and not wanting them saved - which of course flies in the face of the adherents of the “free will gospel” - which even during the “day of salvation” - had absolutely no power to save anyone. Isaiah 6:9-10 emerges in the following 4 passages, and is rendered as “converted”: 


Matthew 13:15 declares, “For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, [epistrepho:G1994] and I should heal them.”


Mark 4:12 similarly affirms, “That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, [epistrepho:G1994] and [their] sins should be forgiven them.”


John 12:40 also adds: “He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, [epistrepho:G1994] and I should heal them.”


Lastly Acts 28:27 likewise proclaims: “For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, [epistrepho:G1994] and I should heal them.”


Conferring The Blessing Of Salvation During The Day Of Salvation


By contrast, “epistrepho” also carries the connotation of salvation as these next verses illustrate:


In Luke 1:16-17 we read of John the Baptist’s ministry, as told to Zacharias his father by the “messenger” Gabriel (i.e.,  “man of God” - Who is Christ): “And many of the children of Israel shall he turn [epistrepho:G1994] to the Lord their God. {17} And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn [epistrepho:G1994] the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.” 


Acts 3:19 maintains: “Repent ye therefore, and be converted, [epistrepho:G1994] that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;”


Acts 9:35 records, “And all that dwelt at Lydda and Saron saw him, and turned [epistrepho:G1994] to the Lord.”


Acts 26:18 also makes this wonderful declaration: “To open their eyes, [and] to turn [epistrepho:G1994] [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.”


1 Thessalonians 1:9 shows the divine transfer from the kingdom of Satan to the Kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ when that was still possible: “For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned [epistrepho:G1994] to God from idols to serve the living and true God;”


Likewise 1 Peter 2:25 adds: “For ye were as sheep going astray; but are [epistrepho:G1994][G0] now returned [epistrepho:G1994] unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.”


And James 5:19-20 exhort: “Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert [G1994] him; {20} Let him know, that he which converteth [epistrepho:G1994] the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.”


Acts 11:21 continues to highlight God’s glorious salvation program: “And the hand of the Lord was with them: and a great number believed, and turned [epistrepho:G1994] unto the Lord”


A similar expression is used quite frequently in the Old Testament, “shuwb” (H7725), and appears, for instance, in Jeremiah 31:18, as “turn thou me, and I shall be turned,” in which we find this word doubled; once again we see God’s sovereign election program in full view:


“I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself [thus]; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed [to the yoke]: turn thou me [shuwb:H7725], and I shall be turned [shuwb:H7725]; for thou [art] the LORD my God.”


More Examples Of Healing - Highlighting The Nature Of Salvation 


Acts 9:40 records, “But Peter put them all forth, and kneeled down, and prayed; and turning [epistrepho:G1994] [him] to the body said, Tabitha, arise. And she opened her eyes: and when she saw Peter, she sat up.”


Acts 16:18 likewise recounts: “And this did she many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned [epistrepho:G1994] and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out the same hour.”


Linked With Error And Bondage To Sin


In 2 Corinthians 3:12-16, this term arises in verse 16 as “shall turn”: “Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: {13} And not as Moses, [which] put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: {14} But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which [vail] is done away in Christ. {15} But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. {16} Nevertheless when it shall turn [epistrepho:G1994] to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away.”


Galatians 4:9 presents this admonition, and translates this word as `“But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye [epistrepho:G1994] again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?”


Associated With Forgiveness


God also links “epistrepho” with forgiveness in Luke 17:3-4, where it is found as “turn again”:


“Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him.{4}And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again [epistrepho:G1994] to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him.


With Regard To Judgment Beginning At The “House Of God”


“Epistrepho” also surfaces in connection with God’s judgment that first began at “His house,” as 1 Peter 4:17-18 instruct, and relates spiritually to  His judgment upon Israel (the northern 10 tribes) in 709 BC, followed by that of Judah (the southern two tribes) in 609 BC, 


“For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God? {18} And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?”


Without a doubt, God’s judgment “at the house of God” is one of the greatest judgments of the last two thousand years, second only to the “demonstration” or “re-enactment” on the Cross (representing the Atonement for sin prior to the “...foundation of the world.”), and our current “day of judgment,” which has enveloped the entire world since May 21, 2011, and will, at its conclusion, usher in the New Heavens and New Earth, after the annihilation of our present universe. The following citations concern judgment beginning at God’s house, and the command to not return there:


Matthew 24:15-21 announce this, in which this word is rendered as “return” in verse 18: “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) {16} Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains [representing the Word of God]: {17} Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: {18} Neither let him which is in the field return [epistrepho:G1994] back [opiso:G3694] to take his clothes. {19} And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! {20} But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: {21} For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. 


In Mark 13:14-19,  this word is translated as “let turn again” in verse 16: “But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: {15} And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter [therein], to take any thing out of his house: {16} And let [epistrepho:G1994]  him that is in the field not turn [epistrepho:G1994] [eis:G1519]  back [opiso:G3694] again [epistrepho:G1994]  for to take up his garment. {17} But woe to them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! {18} And pray ye that your flight be not in the winter. {19} For [in] those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be.”


Luke 17:26-32  affirm the same, in which this term is rendered “let him return” in verse 31:  “And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. {27} They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all. {28} Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; {29} But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed [them] all. {30} Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed. {31} In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away: and he that is in the field, let him [epistrepho:G1994][G0] likewise not return [epistrepho:G1994] back.  [eis:G1519] [opiso:G3694] {32} Remember Lot's wife. 


Did you happen to notice the little word, “back” in each of the three Scriptures I just read?


Back [opiso:G3694]


Lot’s wife is a dramatically frightening illustration of “turning back” and embodies its very essence, as she physically “left” Sodom, but her heart remained riveted to all that the world embodies - and it might not have been necessarily “evil” per se - but still foreign to the Kingdom of God, as one comes to grip with the principle that “...no man can serve two masters...” (Matthew 6:24). 


Speaking of Sodom and Gomorrah, Jude 7 provides this commentary, in which “back” is rendered as “after”: “Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after [opiso:G3694] strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.”


This is also seen in Jesus’ stringent command found in Luke 9:62, in which this same word for “back” surfaces:


“And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, [eis:G1519] [opiso:G3694] is fit for the kingdom of God.”


And in Matthew 16:21-23, the Lord’s caustic rebuttal to Peter includes this term, translated “behind,” - in verse 23 - emphasizing the fact that what is opposed to God’s will originates with Satan, who is both a “...a murderer and a liar…”: “From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. {22} Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee.{23} But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind [opiso:G3694] me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.”


Incidentally, we also noted this in  2 Peter 2:10, in which this same term emerges as “after”: “But chiefly them that walk after [opiso:G3694] the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.”


The Danger Of Turning Back


The danger of “turning back” or “turning again”  surfaces in both 2 Peter 2:21-22, which I will just mention, as we will examine this passage in greater detail in a future study, Lord willing:


“For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn [epistrepho:G1994] from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to his own vomit again [epistrepho:G1994]; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”


Feeding The Sheep During The Day Of Salvation


Acts 15:36 teaches: “And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again [epistrepho:G1994] and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, [and see] how they do.”


John 21:15-22 lays out the new “Commission” that God has assigned to His people in our present day of judgment, in which this term is found in verse 20, as “turning about”:  “So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. {16} He saith to him again the second time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. {17} He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. {18} Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry [thee] whither thou wouldest not. {19}  This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me. {20} Then Peter, turning about [epistrepho:G1994], seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee? {21} Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what [shall] this man [do]? {22} Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what [is that] to thee? follow thou me.” 


I think we’ll have to stop here today.


Summary


Allow me to summarize our lesson:


  • The conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22 was once again reiterated, which we will continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 



  • We examined the last phrase in 2 Peter 2:20 (comprised of 4 terms): “...the latter end is worse with them than the beginning,” and we also reviewed the other two verses pertaining to “the man with an unclean spirit”  in which three of these same words appear in each of them.


  • Next we considered the admonition that verse 21 presents, but spent the rest of the study investigating the compound expression, “to turn” (epistrepho:G1994), along with its root words. 


  • We also discovered some of the various ways that God employs this word, “epistrepho,” throughout the New Testament with respect to: 


  1. Withholding and conferring salvation (during that “time and season”).
  2. Examples of physical healing which highlight the nature of salvation.
  3. In connection with “error” and “bondage to sin.”
  4. Associated with forgiveness.
  5. Pertaining to Judgment beginning “at the house of God.”
  6. The danger of “turning back.”
  7. “Feeding sheep” during the day of salvation, and now.




Today’s Vocabulary Word 








Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym










2 Peter 2 - Part 40

September 2, 2018


2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn [epistrepho:G1994] from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to his own vomit again [epistrepho:G1994]; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


Today I would like us to focus on the following:


  1. Reiterate the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 
  2. We will consider the two remaining words in verse 21: “better” and “commandment.”
  3. I also want us to consider a number of individuals named in the Bible who were associated with the “true Gospel” but were never saved, (like the ones who are not named in these closing verses of 2 Peter 2), including the infamous “men of renown.”
  4. Next we want to explore verse 22, and the first few phrases in that last verse in 2 Peter 2.
  5. Summary
  6. Our vocabulary word for this week will be: “symbaino” (G4819)



The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22






In our last study we left off at verse 21, and we spent the majority of our time looking at the word “to turn” or “turned” (epistrepho:G1994), which is found in verse 21 and 22, and we also noted at least seven topics that this word is associated with in the New Testament.


Do you recall what some of them were?


  1. Withholding and conferring salvation (during that “time and season”).
  2. Examples of physical healing which highlight the nature of salvation.
  3. In connection with “error” and “bondage to sin.”
  4. Associated with forgiveness.
  5. Pertaining to Judgment beginning “at the house of God.”
  6. The danger of “turning back.”
  7. “Feeding sheep” during the day of salvation, as well as now.


I’ll read verse 21 again:


Verse 21: For it had been better [kreitton:G2909] for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.


Last Sunday I mentioned that we had already considered some of the words in verse 21 in our previous studies, and these are: “the way,” “of righteousness,” “the holy,” and “delivered.” Between verse 21 and verse 22 there are about 7 or 8 main words that we still need to investigate. Let’s start with the term, “better” as it too, is a significant word that we now want to turn our attention to:


Better [kreitton:G2909]


“Better” is a Greek adjective of comparison, and is used to make the point in verse 21 that for these unnamed individuals who (claim to be “Christians” and yet are not elect) it would have been “...better for them not to have known the way of righteousness than, after they have known [it], to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.” 


The same idea is expressed somewhat differently - but the end result remains the same - with respect to ones that are named throughout Scripture, such as Lot’s wife, or Esau, or Cain, or Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, or Demas, or Diotrephes or Absalom or Solomon and Judas Iscariot just to mention a few - who succumbed to this world’s deception and enticements because they were not God’s elect, and remind us of the very pointed admonition found in 1 Corinthians 10:1-14 which is directed to us today, as verse 11 emphasizes: 


“Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; {2} And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; {3} And did all eat the same spiritual meat; {4} And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. {5} But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. {6} Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. {7} Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. {8} Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. {9} Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. {10} Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. {11} Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. {12} Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. {13} There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it]. {14} Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.”  


Luke 17:32 sadly records this incisive commentary: “Remember Lot's wife.”


And who can forget the portrait that Hebrews 12:15-17 paints of Esau: “Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled; {16} Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. {17} For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.”


We also read the following pertaining to Cain in 1 John 3:12, “Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one [Satan], and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.”


Korah, Dathan, and Abiram are listed in Numbers 26:9-10, “And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This [is that] Dathan and Abiram, [which were] famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD: {10} And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.”


As a side note Korah, Datham, and Abiram along with these 250 “princes” (as we shall see shortly) are referred to as “men” [’enowsh:H582] “of renown [shem:H8034] - that is literally - “men of the Name.” They want to be identified with Christ, as we read in another passage - Isaiah 4:1, in which we see a similar identification (incidentally, this points to the “ seven churches” in Revelation 2 and 3, 


“And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man [i.e., Christ], saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by THY NAME [emphasis is mine], to take away our reproach.”


Alright let’s examine the only two verses in the Old Testament that contain this title -  “men of renown” - who are the non-elect religious leaders at any given time in history: 


Genesis 6:4 states: “There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare [children] to them, the same [became] mighty men which [were] of old, men of renown.”


Numbers 16:1-5, “Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took [men]: {2} And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, famous in the congregation, men of renown: {3} And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them, [Ye take] too much upon you, seeing all the congregation [are] holy, every one of them, and the LORD [is] among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation of the LORD? {4} And when Moses heard [it], he fell upon his face: {5} And he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will shew who [are] his, and [who is] holy; and will cause [him] to come near unto him: even [him] whom he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him.


Here’s what the Scriptures say about Demas in 2 Timothy 4:10, “For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica…”  


Consider the case of Diotrephes in 1 John 3:9-10, “I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not. {10} Wherefore, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth, prating against us with malicious words: and not content therewith, neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth [them] out of the church.”


2 Samuel 15:6-14 chronicles Absalom’s rebellion against his father David, and his lust for power: “And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel. {7} And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in Hebron. {8} For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the LORD. {9} And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron. {10} But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron. {11} And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, [that were] called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing. {12} And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom. {13} And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom. {14} And David said unto all his servants that [were] with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for we shall not [else] escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword.


We also read about Solomon in his old age in 1 Kings 11:1-13, “But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, [and] Hittites; {2} Of the nations [concerning] which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: [for] surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. {3} And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. {4} For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, [that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father. {5} For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. {6} And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as [did] David his father. {7} Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that [is] before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. {8} And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods. {9} And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, {10} And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. {11} Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. {12} Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: [but] I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. {13} Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; [but] will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen.”


Last but not least, we read of Judas Iscariot in Mark 14:21 in this statement which is reminiscent of 2 Peter 2:21, “The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.”


Better [kreitton:G2909]


Here are some more illustrations of how God uses this word, “better” (kreitton:G2909): 


Speaking of the Lord Jesus Christ in Hebrews 1:4 we learn, “Being made so much better than [kreitton:G2909] the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.”


And Hebrews 6:9 maintains: “But, beloved, we are persuaded better things [kreitton:G2909] of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak”


Hebrews 7:19 also reveals: “For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better [kreitton:G2909] hope [did]; by the which we draw nigh unto God.”


Commandment [entole:H1785]


The term, “commandment” is actually alluding to salvation, as some of these next Scriptures indicate:


John 12:50 is a “definition” verse for this term “commandment”: “And I know that his commandment [entole:G1785] is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.”


Mark 12:28-31, “And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment [entole:G1785] of all? {29} And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [entole:G1785] [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: {30} And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this [is] the first commandment. [entole:G1785] {31} And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment [entole:G1785] greater than these.”


John 14:21 likewise acknowledges: “He that hath my commandments, [entole:G1785] and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.”


John 15:10 also adds: “If ye keep my commandments, [entole:G1785] ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, [entole:G1785] and abide in his love.”


This particular expression sums up the essence of salvation and is intimately tied to both the Great Commission (during the day of salvation), and the “new” commission that God’s elect have received during our current day of judgment, in which we are to “feed God’s sheep.” as John 21 so clearly mandates.


Verse 22: But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to his own vomit again [epistrepho:G1994]; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


But [de:G1160] It Is Happened [symbaino:G4819] Unto Them [autos:G846]


The first three words of this phrase, “But it is happened unto them…” highlight the end result of those individuals (who appear to be saved, but are not) who do not possess the gift of salvation (when that was still possible) and manifest that by their lifestyle of disobedience to God’s Word,  leading inevitably to death and destruction. The word, “it is happened”  surfaces in the subsequent highly significant citations:


It Is Happened [symbaino:G4819] 


Earlier today, I quoted from 1 Corinthians 10, and in verse 11, the expression “happened” appears: “Now all these things happened [symbaino:G4819] unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.:


Similarly, in 1 Peter 4:12, is is rendered the same way, underscoring the current “fiery trial” of our day: “Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened [G4819] unto you:”



Why don’t we stop here, and Lord willing, we will finish this chapter next Sunday.


Summary


Today we learned the following:


  • We reiterated the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 
  • We considered the two remaining words in verse 21: “better” and “commandment.”
  • We also looked at a number of individuals named in the Bible who were associated with the “true Gospel” but were never saved, (like the ones who are not named in these closing verses of 2 Peter 2), including the infamous “men of renown.”
  • Next we began exploring verse 22, and the first few phrases in that last verse in 2 Peter 2.





Today’s Vocabulary Word 










Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym



s             σ   -  sigma

y             υ   -  upsilon

m            μ   -  mu

b             β    -  beta

a             α   -   alpha

i               ί   -   iota

n              ν  -   nu

o              ω -   omega

2 Peter 2 - Part 41








2 Peter 2 - Part 41

September 9, 2018


2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn [epistrepho:G1994] from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to his own vomit again [epistrepho:G1994]; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


Today I would like us to focus on the following:


  1. Reiterate the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 
  2. Continue our examination of the rest of 2 Peter 2:22
  3. Focus on a “word bridge” involving 2 Peter 2:22 and Proverbs 26:11
  4. Summary
  5. Our Vocabulary word is: “kyon” (G2965), or “dog.”


The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22





According [ho:G3588] To The True [alethes:G227] Proverb [paroimia:G3952]


Last Sunday, we left off at the last three terms in 2 Peter 2:22, “according to the true proverb” and they only emerge together in this verse, so we will have to consider them individually:


To The True [alethes:G227] 


This word is only found here, but it is a compound word, made up of  “a-” [(alpha:G1) or “alpha negative”] and the main word, “lanthano” (G2990), which is rendered as “hid,” “be ignorant of,” and “unawares,” as Acts 26:26 and 2 Peter 3:8 respectively exemplify. In other words, this term means something which is “not hid”:


“For the king [Agrippa] knoweth of these things, before whom also I speak freely: for I am persuaded that none of these things are hidden [lanthano:G2990] from him; for this thing was not done in a corner.”


“But, beloved, be [lanthano:G2990][G0] not ignorant [lanthano:G2990] of this one thing, that one day [is] with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.


Proverb [paroimia:G3952]


The word, “proverb” is also translated as such or as “parable” in John 10:6 and 16:25 in that order and keep in mind that a “parable” or “proverb” has a hidden spiritual meaning, so by combining the two words, “true proverb” we discover that the spiritual meaning is no longer “hidden,” but rather very evident or “plain”: 


In John 10:6 this word is translated as “parable”: “This parable [paroimia:G3942] spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.”


And John 16:25-29 likewise instructs, “These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: [paroimia:G3942] but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, [paroimia:G3942] but I shall shew you plainly of the Father. {26} At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: {27} For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. {28} I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father. {29} His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb.” [paroimia:G3942] 


Dogs And Pigs Are Unclean Animals That Picture The Non-Elect [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]


For a number of months we have been focusing on these concluding verses in 2 Peter 2, as they relate to individuals who claim to be God’s elect and yet, sadly, are not, because they have been deceived by these false prophets/teachers that this entire chapter is speaking about. And I want to be clear that we are not pointing fingers at any individual, but rather showing the pattern that these people exhibit by turning back to the churches, to former doctrines, and to the world. Our last lesson focused almost exclusively on such individuals - like the “men of renown” - and others -  mentioned throughout the pages of Scripture. Their examples are a tremendous warning to us today, as was noted in 1 Corinthians 10:11,


“Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come”  


The Dog [kyon:G2965]


The next word that we want to investigate is this word, “dog,” which only appears in four other citations, keeping in mind that a dog is depicted in the Bible as an “unclean” animal, which can typify the non-elect:


Matthew 7:6 declares, “Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, [kyon:G2965] neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.”


Luke 16:21 includes this term as well in the parable of Lazarus and the rich man: “And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs [kyon:G2965] came and licked his sores.”


Philippians 3:2 presents the following warning: “Beware of dogs, [kyon:G2965] beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.”


Lastly Revelation 22:15 states: “For without [“outside” the Kingdom of God] [are] dogs, [kyon:G2965] and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie”


A Word Bridge Between Hebrew And Greek


2 Peter 2:22b is actually quoting Proverbs 26:11a, forming a “word bridge” between the Old Testament and the New Testament. Word bridges can provide valuable insights, as they amplify our spiritual understanding by revealing the various shades of meaning that both Hebrew (which is a very pictorial language) and Greek (which is a very precise language) offer. So with that in mind, why don’t we try to discover what God has hidden in the corresponding words in each of these passages, as God allows:


Proverbs 26:11 & 2 Peter 2:22


We read in Proverbs 26:11,As a dog [keleb:H3611] returneth [shuwb:H7725] to his vomit, [qe’:H6892] [so] a fool [keciyl:H3684] returneth [shanah:H8138] to his folly.” [’ivveleth:H200]


Likewise 2 Peter 2:22 records: “But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [kyon:G2965] [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to [epi:G1909]his own [idios:G2398] vomit [exerama:G1829] again [epistrepho:G1994]; and [kai:G2532] the sow [hys:G5300] that was washed [luou:G3068] to [eis:G1519] her wallowing [kylismos:G2946] in the mire.” [borboros:G1004]


As A Dog [keleb:H3611] 


We have already considered the Greek word for “dog,” so let’s examine its Hebrew counterpart. It’s interesting that this term is identically spelled to the man Caleb - one of the two faithful spies (along with Joshua) who made it to the Promised Land - as we saw from our study in the book of Judges. We’re curious about this connection to Caleb, as normally “dogs” refer to the unsaved, so let’s continue researching this word for more clues to see what else God has in mind with this expression. Here are some other ways that God utilizes this word, “dog” (keleb:H3611) elsewhere in the Old Testament:



1 Samuel 17:43, “And the Philistine said unto David, [Am] I a dog, [keleb:H3611] that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.”


Ecclesiastes 9:4 testifies: “For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog [keleb:H3611] is better than a dead lion.”


Isaiah 56:10-11, “His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, [keleb:H3611] they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. {11} Yea, [they are] greedy dogs [keleb:H3611] [which] can never have enough, and they [are] shepherds [that] cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.”


In Jeremiah 15:3, “dogs” are representative of one of God’s four (referring to the number of “universality”) judgments: “And I will appoint over them four kinds, saith the LORD: the sword to slay, and the dogs [keleb:H3611] to tear, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the earth, to devour and destroy.”


Psalm 22:16 and 20 also include this term twice in this Messianic psalm, highlighting the unsaved:  “For dogs [keleb:H3611] have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. ... {20} Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.” [keleb:H3611]


However in 2 Samuel 9:8, Mephibosheth - one of Jonathan’ sons - utters this statement, as he typifies those whom God has saved by His mercy: “And he bowed himself, and said, What [is] thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog [keleb:H3611] as I [am]?”


By contrast, Judges 7:2-7 also links God’s elect with “dogs” - exemplified by 300 men out of 32,000, and then out of 10,000 - underscoring the “purpose of God” in the process:  “And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people that [are] with thee [are] too many for me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me. {3} Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever [is] fearful and afraid, let him return and depart early from mount Gilead. And there returned of the people twenty and two thousand; and there remained ten thousand. {4} And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people [are] yet [too] many; bring them down unto the water, and I will try them for thee there: and it shall be, [that] of whom I say unto thee, This shall go with thee, the same shall go with thee; and of whomsoever I say unto thee, This shall not go with thee, the same shall not go.{5} So he [Gideon] brought down the people unto the water: and the LORD said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth [laqaq:H3952] of the water with his tongue, as a dog [keleb:H3611] lappeth [laqaq:H3952], him shalt thou set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down upon his knees to drink. {6} And the number of them that lapped [laqaq:H3952], [putting] their hand [yad:H3027] to their mouth [peh:H6310], were three hundred men: but all the rest of the people bowed down upon their knees to drink water. {7} And the LORD said unto Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped [laqaq:H3952] will I save you, and deliver the Midianites into thine hand: and let all the [other] people go every man unto his place.


What is the distinction between the “10,000” and the “300” that God is making? 


They both drank water from the river, and “water” can refer to either “the water of Life” or to “waters” of judgment, typified by Noah’s Flood, for example. The 10,000 men “bowed down” to drink, and these two words, “bowed down” can refer to either legitimate worship, or the worship of false gods. The key word in this passage is:  “...[putting] their hand [yad:H3027] to their mouth [peh:H6310]...” because the “hand” represents the will, underscoring the Biblical principle that unless “worship” (or “bowing down”) is qualified by obedience, it is merely perfunctory, as the following references indicate:


James 1:22 insists, But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.”


Similarly, Isaiah 29:13 maintains: “Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near [me] with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:”


So once again we see the spiritual portrait that God is emphasizing  between the elect as well as those who claim to be God’s people - the gist of which is obedience, and of course this is what we have been learning in these concluding verses in 2 Peter 2. This is also what is in view in Jesus’ telling statement in John 8:31,


“Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue [meno:G3306] in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;”


1 John 2:15-19 renders the word, “continue” as “abideth” in verse 17, and “have continued” in verse 19:  “Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. {16} For all that [is] in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. {17} And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth [meno:G3306] for ever. {18} Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. {19} They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued [meno:G3306] with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.”


We acknowledge that the elect child of God can only obey as God works within him to “...will and to do of his good pleasure…” (Philippians 2:13) as John 15:4-7 and 9-11 instruct, in which this same word “abide,” “continue” or “remain”  is used 11 times: Abide [meno:G3306] in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide [meno:G3306] in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide [meno:G3306] in me. {5} I am the vine, ye [are] the branches: He that abideth [meno:G3306] in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. {6} If a man abide [meno:G3306] not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned. {7} If ye abide [meno:G3306] in me, and my words abide [meno:G3306] in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. ... {9} As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye [meno:G3306] in my love. {10} If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide [meno:G3306] in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide [meno:G3306] in his love. {11} These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain [meno:G3306] in you, and [that] your joy might be full.”


[Is] Turned [epistrepho:G1994] Again


The next word 2 Peter 2:22 is: “turned again” (epistrepho:G1994). We examined this in some detail in Part 39 - other than to say it too has both a positive as well as a negative connotation. I won’t go over that material again, so we can ponder the Hebrew equivalent in Proverbs 26:11,


Returneth [shuwb:H7725]


It appears many times in the Old Testament, predominantly as: “return,” “return again,” “turn,” “turn back,” and “turn away,” as the following citations indicate:


Genesis 3:19 emphatically decrees: “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return [shuwb:H7725] unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.” [shuwb:H7725]


Reminding one of Revelation 22:11 in our day, Malachi 3:18 also declares: “Then shall ye return, [shuwb:H7725] and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him that serveth him not.”


Obadiah 1:15 makes this disclosure:  “For the day of the LORD [is] near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return [shuwb:H7725] upon thine own head.”


On the other hand these following verses from the book of Jonah are positive in nature, and relate to the “time and season” of salvation: 


In Jonah 1:13 it is translated as “to bring”: “Nevertheless the men rowed hard to bring [shuwb:H7725] [it] to the land; but they could not: for the sea wrought, and was tempestuous against them.”


Jonah 3:8-10 reveals the king of Nineveh’s proclamation, and God’s most  gracious response, in which this word is used four times, highlighting the “four points “ of the compass, in which God’s Word penetrated the globe to save all His elect, during the last 17 years of the Great Tribulation, known as the “latter rain”: “But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn [shuwb:H7725] every one from his evil way, and from the violence that [is] in their hands. {9} Who can tell [if] God will turn [shuwb:H7725] and repent, and turn away [shuwb:H7725] from his fierce anger, that we perish not? {10} And God saw their works, that they turned [shuwb:H7725] from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did [it] not.”


Let’s stop here, and Lord willing, we will continue our examination of 2 Peter 2:22 in our next study.


Summary


  1. We reiterated the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continually verify until we finish this chapter.


  1. Today we examined some more words in verse 22:


  1. To The True (“Not Hidden”) [alethes:G227] Proverb [paroimia:G3952]


  1. “Dogs” [kyon:G2965] and “pigs”(“sow”) [hys:G5300] are unclean animals who typify the non-elect, and are very much in view in this last verse in 2 Peter 2, describing those individuals who have been deceived into thinking they are saved, and yet are not.


  1. We then began a “word bridge” comparing 2 Peter 2:22 and Proverbs 26:11, having to do with the two of the three terms: “dog,” [kyon:G2965][keleb:H3611]  and “turned again”[epistrepho:G1994]/ “returneth,” [shuwb:H7725]





Today’s Vocabulary Word







Today’s Vocabulary Word Acronym



 






2 Peter 2 - Part 42

September 16, 2018


2 Peter 2:17-22, “These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. {18} For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. {19} While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. {20} For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. {21} For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known [it], to turn [epistrepho:G1994] from the holy commandment delivered unto them. {22} But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned [epistrepho:G1994] to his own vomit again [epistrepho:G1994]; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” 


  • Theme Of 2 Peter 2: False Prophets [AS YOU SEE ON THE SCREEN]
  • Purpose: Examine 40 Truths Concerning False Prophets
  • Objective: “Beware Of False Prophets… Who Deceive Those Who Consider Themselves ‘Believers’ ” 


Introduction


  1. We want to reiterate the conclusion we have arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we want to continue to verify by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 
  2. We will continue the examination of the word bridge we started last Sunday between 2 Peter 2:22 and Proverbs 26:11, focusing on the term, “vomit.” 
  3.  Then we’ll finish the last phrase in 2 Peter 2:22, concluding this chapter: “...and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.”
  4. Summary
  5. Today’s Vocabulary Word
  6. Today’s Vocabulary Acronym
  7. Greek Alphabet (Resource)



The Conclusion Of 2 Peter 2:19-22


A Word Bridge Between 2 Peter 2:22 & Proverbs 26:11


Vomit [exerama:G1829] [AS YOU CAN SEE ON THE SCREEN]


The last word that we want to consider in our “word bridge” between 2 Peter 2:22 and Proverbs 26:11 is the term, “vomit,” which is only found in this verse, and its root word is dubious, so we will have to turn to the Old Testament to see if God sheds any light on this word from the Hebrew. We also want to remember that in this context a “dog” is referring to au unclean animal, typifying a person who is not one of God’s elect. As a result they “return,” which in this context indicates going “backwards” (which is never good). And to what are they going backwards to?  To “vomit,” indicating that the person’s essential nature has not been changed, characterized by the rhetorical question in Jeremiah 13:23 that we looked at in one of our previous studies, and certainly bears repeating:


“Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? [then] may ye also do good, that are accustomed [limmuwd:H3928] to do evil.”


This expression, “that are accustomed” (H3928) is only utilized four other times, and carries the connotation of being “taught,”  or having “learned,” or those who are “disciples” (the only time this particular word appears in the Old Testament - in Isaiah 8:16 - as “among my disciples.” But again they are “accustomed” to do what? To do evil. The basic nature has not been changed...it remains the same. If there had been a change, then the individual would have become a “new creature (or “creation”) in Christ,” which is the essence of salvation, as we understand from 2 Corinthians 5:17, in which the nature has been totally transformed by Christ (during that glorious “time and season”), and begins to blossom and bear fruit by the power of God Almighty - all to the praise of His glory!


“Therefore if any man [be] in Christ, [he is] a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.


To His Vomit [ qe’:H6892]


With that in mind, let’s turn our attention to the Hebrew equivalent in Proverbs 26:11, “to his vomit,” which surfaces in the following citations:


This word emerges in Isaiah 28:7-14, as “of vomit” in verse 8, and is accentuated by the expression “filthiness” (or “dung”): “But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment. {8} For all tables [shulchan:H7979] are full of vomit [ qe’:H6892] [and] filthiness [tsow’ah:H6675 - or “excrement” (“dung”)], [so that there is] no place [clean]. {9} Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? [them that are] weaned from the milk, [and] drawn from the breasts. {10} For precept [must be] upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little: {11} For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. {12} To whom he said, This [is] the rest [wherewith] ye may cause the weary to rest; and this [is] the refreshing: yet they would not hear. {13} But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken. {14} Wherefore hear the word of the LORD, ye scornful men, that rule this people which [is] in Jerusalem.


Notice who are in view in this indictment - “...ye scornful men, that rule this people which [is] in Jerusalem.” - exemplifying those within the leadership of  “Jerusalem,” which spiritually corresponds to those in authority within the churches and denominations. Furthermore in verse 13 we find the word, “fall backward,” followed by the three more similar verbs highlighting God’s judgment: “...be broken, and snared, and taken.” Consider the impact of this spiritual digression by God’s allowance, reminding us of 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12,


“And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. {11} And for this cause GOD SHALL SEND THEM STRONG DELUSION, [caps mine for emphasis] that they should believe a lie: {12} That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.”


One last comment before moving on to the next passage. The word, “for all tables” in verse 8 is the identical term that we find in the very familiar Psalm 23 in verse 5, as “a table,” signifying the spiritual nourishment and blessings that God feeds His elect with:


“Thou preparest a table [shulchan:H7979] before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.”


However, that is certainly not the case in these references that contain this word, “vomit,” which illustrates a very different and evil “table,” as one finds, for example, in the Messianic Psalm 69, and in verse 22, as “Let their table,” which turns out to be a “curse” (and not a “blessing”), by the usage of the Hebrew nouns, “snare” and “trap,” emphasizing God’s judgment instead: 


Let their table [shulchan:H7979] become a snare before them: and [that which should have been] for [their] welfare, [let it become] a trap.


The next occurrence of this term “vomit” is in Isaiah 9:14, as “in his vomit” which arises in this chapter with respect to Egypt, that spiritually can portray the corporate churches (you might recall Revelation 11:7-8, in which “Egypt” appears alongside “Sodom”) referring to “slavery to sin,” and to the “world”:


“The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit.” 

[ qe’:H6892]


Do you see again, how God is driving home the point that He is initiating all of this by the verbs, “mingled” and “caused Egypt to err” - and is equating that delusion to, “... a drunken [man] staggereth in his vomit” ?


We also want to remember that the “drunkenness” that is in view is spiritual in nature, as God underscores by associating it with someone who has been deceived or “snared” by a false gospel.


The last verse that contains this word, “in his vomit” is in Jeremiah 48:26, and is linked to Moab, which again identifies spiritually with those in the corporate churches, who along with the Ammonites, were the descendants of Lot by his two daughters, who sinfully got their father drunk and lay with him, according to Genesis 19:


“Make ye him drunken: for he magnified [himself] against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, [qe’:H6892] and he also shall be in derision.”


And [kai:G2532] The Sow [hys:G5300] That Was Washed [luou:G3068] 


Let’s return to our verse, 2 Peter 2:2, and the expression, “sow” in the phrase, “...and the sow that was washed…,” which is only used here (and it apparently has no root word). However, we do find the word, “swine” in both the Old and New Testaments, as the following passages reveal: 


Leviticus 11:7 maintains:And the swine [chaziyr:H2386], though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he [is] unclean to you.”


In one of our previous lessons we visited Matthew 8:6, in which this Greek word, rendered “swine” is employed: “Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine [choiros:G5519], lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.”


That Was Washed [luou:G3068]


So now let’s investigate the verb, “that was washed,” which surfaces in five other Scriptures. We will examine two of them found in Hebrews 10:22, and Revelation 1:5 respectively: 


I’ll begin reading in Hebrews 10:19 and read down to verse 25, which denotes the essence of  spiritual baptism, or regeneration (when it was still available):“Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, {20} By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; {21} And [having] an high priest over the house of God; {22} Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed [luou:G3068] with pure water. {23} Let us hold fast the profession of [our] faith without wavering; (for he [is] faithful that promised;) {24} And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: {25} Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some [is]; but exhorting [one another]: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.” 


Next, let’s turn to Revelation 1:4-6, “John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; {5} And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed [luou:G3068] us from our sins in his own blood, {6} And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.”


To [eis:G1519] Her Wallowing [kylismos:G2946] In The Mire [borboros:G1004]


The last phrase in 2 Peter 2:22 contains two main words, which are only found together in this verse, so we will have to look at them separately.


Her Wallowing [kylismos:G2946]


Let’s begin with “her wallowing,” which is a Greek noun, and only surfaces here; it stems from the Greek verb, “kylio” (G2947) which too, emerges in one verse - Mark 9:20 - where it is translated as “and wallowed.”  I’ll read verses 18-27 to pick up the parabolic context having to do with the Lord casting out a “foul spirit” out of a boy - a magnificent illustration of God’s redemption program -  which was accomplished prior to the Creation of our universe:  


“And one of the multitude answered and said, Master, I have brought unto thee my son, which hath a dumb spirit; {18} And wheresoever he taketh him, he teareth him: and he foameth [aphrizo:G875], and gnasheth with his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast him out; and they could not. {19} He answereth him, and saith, O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him unto me. {20} And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed [kylio:G2947] foaming. [aphrizo:G875] {21} And he asked his father, How long is it ago since this came unto him? And he said, Of a child. {22} And ofttimes it hath cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him: but if thou canst do any thing, have compassion on us, and help us. {23}  Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things [are] possible to him that believeth. {24} And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief. {25} When Jesus saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit, saying unto him, [Thou] dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee, come out of him, and enter no more into him. {26} And [the spirit] cried, and rent him sore, and came out of him: and he was as one dead; insomuch that many said, He is dead. {27} But Jesus took him by the hand, and lifted him up; and he arose.”


In turn, “kylio” (G2947) is derived from the base of yet another word, “kyma” (G2949), which surfaces in five places, and always as “waves,” and I’ll just mention one of them, which we have encountered before, and is very significant - Jude 13. You might recall that Jude closely parallels 2 Peter 2, and both chapters discuss the same issue - “false prophets/teachers” - so once again God is closing this chapter with the same emphasis that He began it with:


 “Raging waves [kyma:G2949] of the sea, foaming out [epaphrizo:G1890] their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.”


Incidentally, let me draw your attention to this term, “foaming out,” which is a compound Greek verb, and its main word is “aphrizo” (G875), which is found twice in Mark 9:18 and 20 in which it is rendered as “foameth,” and “foaming”:


“And wheresoever he taketh him, he teareth him: and he foameth [aphrizo:G875], and gnasheth with his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast him out; and they could not… {20} And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed [kylio:G2947] foaming. [aphrizo:G875] 


In The Mire [borboros:G1004] [AS YOU CAN SEE ON THE SCREEN]


This Greek term is only found in 2 Peter 2:22, and apparently has no root word. We do find the same English word rendered as such for a number of similar Hebrew words. Here is one of them in Isaiah 57:20, translated as “mire”:


“But the wicked [are] like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire [rephesh:G7516] and dirt.”


I think we’ll stop here. 

Summary


  1. We reiterated the conclusion we arrived at regarding 2 Peter 2:17-22, and which we have been able to by examining verses 19-22 in particular. 


  1. We finished our examination of the word bridge we started last Sunday between 2 Peter 2:22 and Proverbs 26:11, focusing on the term, “vomit” today. [exerama:G1829] [ qe’:H6892]


  1. We concluded with the last phrase in 2 Peter 2:22, “...and the sow [hys:G5300] that was washed [luou:G3068] to her wallowing [kylismos:G2946] in the mire.” [borboros:G1004] 


Today’s Vocabulary Word




Today’s Vocabulary Acronym